Community service learning projectDocument Transcript
Service Learning ProjectCommunity Health Nursing Empire State College Sherry Caiozzo
The Rota Care free clinic in Uniondale, New York provides free health care and medications for indignantpeople. The communities that it serves on a regular basis consist primarily of Hispanic/Latino’s as well asCaribbean African Americans. The communities that I have chosen to gear my learning project weregeared toward the Hispanic/Latino community. Hispanic/Latinos have a higher risk for diabetes anddiabetes than the general population. 10.4 % of Hispanics/Latinos have diabetes. (NDEP) Rota Careis the only contact with health care that many of these people have. With a chronic conditionsuch as diabetes, that requires attention to detail and daily control, you can imagine howdaunting and frightening if can be for people who often do not speak English and are in adifferent country working hand to mouth.The Rota Care waiting room is a prime place to start educating the patients at Rota Care. Thepatients wait there to be called by the nurse, and then the Health Practitioner, and then againfor Pharmacy to get their medication. They spend a lot of time waiting. The walls were emptylight colored blank walls with no information that could provide the patients with valuableopportunities for learning something about their disease or risks for disease. I created postersin both English and Spanish that focused on diabetes. Using a health promotion model to guidethe creation of the posters, it allowed myself as the nurse to identify factors involved in thishealth promotion situation and design a tool to assist in addressing some of these issues. Threestrategies for health promotion that affect goal accomplishment are: empowerment, socialmarketing, and health education. (Clark) The posters utilized a friendly, casual approach, meantentice the reader to read. I based one set of posters around the idea of “Did you know……?”
This idea was created from the experience that I have had with some of the patients wholacked some basic fundamental principles of diabetes. It highlights risk factors andcomplications of diabetes, basic anatomy, the differences of Diabetes type 1 & 2 andtreatments for both. Then I highlighted the positive, which was listed under the heading “Didyou know there is good news??!!” This was designed to help empower the patient withdiabetes who may or may not be struggling with daily diabetic requirements and also aspreventative for those who are at risk for diabetes to take caution as to how they live their life.Smiling Hispanic/Latino and African American families were used in the illustrations to helppatients to identify with.The second sets of posters were titled “You’re a Diabetic… Now What? What Can I Eat? TakeControl!!!The posters were created from a perspective of the patient. Validating some of their feelings offrustration and anxiety over diagnosis of diabetes and empowering them to take control overtheir disease. The poster focused on nutrition. The poster discussed different types ofcarbohydrates (starches, fiber, and sugar). It discussed different types of fats both healthy andunhealthy fats. It illustrated a food label and what to look for when reading it. The postercontained some information about alcohol consumption. Again Hispanic/Latinos wereillustrated as well as healthy foods. I think that this lends supports the social marketing aspectof strategies for health promotion.
References:Clark, Mary Jo. Community Health Nursing. Upper Saddle River: Pearson Education, 2008.NDEP. "The Diabetes Epidemic Among Hispanics/Latinos." December 2009. 16 December 2011. <http://ndep.nih.gov/media/FS_HispLatino_Eng.pdf>.