A Detailed Look at Telemetry

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Telemetry Technology
Telemetry Components
Tailoring Your System
Telemetry Security
Telemetry Troubleshooting

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A Detailed Look at Telemetry

  1. 1. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Telemetry A Detailed Look At Telemetry By Jim Mimlitz Navionics Research, Inc. Illinois Section American Water Works Association Training Course 29 January 2013© 1995-2013 COPYRIGHTNAVIONICS RESEARCH, INC.ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.
  2. 2. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com Today’s Course… ISAWWA Training Telemetry Technology Break Telemetry Components Break Tailoring Your Telemetry System Break Telemetry Security Break Troubleshooting Your Telemetry System
  3. 3. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Part I Telemetry Technology
  4. 4. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com Telemetry Technology… ISAWWA Training Big Picture… What is the Purpose of Telemetry? 1. Automatic Control of Water Treatment and Distribution Processes. 2. Data Collection and Historical Trending. 3. Alarm Notifications. 4. Automated / Semi-Automated Report Generation. 5. Remote Access To Data.
  5. 5. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training
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  9. 9. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Manual Data-Entry Eliminated. History Data Permanently Stored On Telemetry Server. Automatic Generation Of Regulatory Compliance Reports (EPA).
  10. 10. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training
  11. 11. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Example SmartPhones: • Microsoft SmartPhone • Apple iPhone • Blackberry • Droid • Others… View Status, History, Alarms. Sample iPhone Graphics
  12. 12. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com Telemetry Technology… ISAWWA Training Big Picture… What Are The Benefits Of Telemetry? •Transit-Time Is Substantially Reduced. Overtime Is Minimized. •With An Alarm System Integrated With Smart-Phones, The Detection Of Costly System Faults Is Accelerated. •Physical Security At Unmanned Facilities Is Enhanced. •Quality-Of-Life For The System Operators Is Improved. •System Documentation Is Automated and Centralized. Access Is De-Centralized.
  13. 13. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com Telemetry Technology… ISAWWA Training What Does A Telemetry System Typically Monitor?
  14. 14. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com Telemetry Technology… ISAWWA Training What Does A Telemetry System Typically Control? Pump: •ON •OFF •VFD Speed Valve: •Open •Close •Variable Position (Throttle) Chemical Pump: •ON •OFF •Variable Speed (Flow-Proportional, Residual-Dependent) Automatic Failover Systems: •Pump Control •Low-Suction Cutout •Valve Control Generator (Load Shedding) Enclosure Heater (Outdoor Units)
  15. 15. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Part II Telemetry Components
  16. 16. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com Telemetry Components… ISAWWA Training
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  20. 20. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Radio Modem Fiber Optic Modem Telephone Modem
  21. 21. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Omni-Directional, Radomed Directional Yagi, Radomed Directional Yagi, No Radome
  22. 22. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Switching Power Supply Technology (Electronic-Based) Linear Power Supply Technology (Transformer-Based)
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  32. 32. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Dual-Telemetry Systems For Transmitting Metering Data To Seller’s And Buyer’s Telemetry Systems. Both Systems “See” Identical Data. Enhances Communication & Collaboration. Gateway Water Company / Raccoon Water Company Interconnect RTU’s Interconnect Master Meter
  33. 33. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training EtherMeter Gateway Water Plant (Sandoval, IL) • Standard AWWA-Type Turbo & Mag-Meters Combined With EtherMeters™. • MODBUS-Based. • Allows Absolute-Encoder-Based Totalizers (No Pulse-Counting Errors) • Plant & BPS Influent & Effluent Meters. • Master (Custody-Transfer) Meters In Distribution System. Sensus 10” Propeller Meter With “ICE” Encoder-Type Register. Connected To EtherMeter™. • Daily Production And Process Monitoring. • Satellite District Realtime Consumption Monitoring.
  34. 34. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Sensus Badger Neptune Master Meter Itron/Actaris … And Others…
  35. 35. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Solar-Power Intensive Project Reduced Energy Costs For Solar-Power Eliminates Electric Service Water District Hookup Fee And Monthly Bills. Badger Sensus
  36. 36. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Reduced Physical & Carbon Footprints For Master Meters.
  37. 37. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Monitoring Of Major Flows Assists Early Leak-Detection…
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  45. 45. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training 3 Variable-Frequency Drives Installed Within A Motor Control Center
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  49. 49. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Digitally-Controlled, High Performance Electric Butterfly Valves Advantages: Easily Controlled Via Telemetry. Parameters Easily Modified By Operator: Back-Pressure Sustaining Setting Flow-Limiting Setting Open/Close Pressures/Levels Long Travel Time To Open/Close Possible. Disadvantages: Requires Power (Generator)
  50. 50. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Advantages: Power-Independent (Sometimes) Disadvantages: Requires Frequent Cleanings/Maintenance (Especially With Hard Water). Digital Control Is Expensive/Complex. Limited Travel Time To Open/Close. Diaphragm-Based Control Valve
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  58. 58. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training NEMA-Rated Industrial Motor Control Center Regulated DC TVSS (Surge Suppression) Power Supplies Industrial PC- Automatic Failover Compatible Backup Control System RTU Processor Programmable Logic Operator Interface / Troubleshooting Port Industrial I/O Metering Inputs Discrete Inputs & Outputs Industrial Analog Inputs & Outputs Radio-Modem Battery Backup (UPS) Thin-Client UNIX Terminal Interface Manual Biddleborn Booster Pump Station Controls Washington County (IL) Water Company
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  63. 63. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Telemetry Server Communication, Command & Control Desktop (Traditional) Firewall The Internet Telemetry Vendor and Technicians Engineer Field Operators Personnel
  64. 64. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Part III Tailoring Your Telemetry System
  65. 65. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com Tailoring Your Telemetry System… ISAWWA Training
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  76. 76. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Part IV Telemetry Security
  77. 77. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com Telemetry Security… ISAWWA Training
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  82. 82. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training 1. DO NOT USE THE TELEMETRY COMPUTER FOR NON-TELEMETRY PURPOSES! 2. INSTALL SECURITY UPDATES FROM THE OPERATING SYSTEM VENDOR (EG MICROSOFT) FREQUENTLY AND REGULARLY. 3. DO NOT INSTALL 3RD PARTY SOFTWARE ON THE TELEMETRY COMPUTER. DO NOT ADD EXTRA HARDWARE TO THE COMPUTER. DO NOT PLUG USB MEMORY STICKS INTO THE COMPUTER. 4. NEVER REVEAL A USERNAME/PASSWORD PAIR TO ANOTHER PERSON. 5. IF A USERNAME/PASSWORD PAIR IS SUSPECTED TO HAVE BEEN COMPROMISED, OR IF AN EMPLOYEE WHO HAD ACCESS TO THE SYSTEM IS TERMINATED – THEN DELETE HIS/HER USERNAME/PASSWORD FROM THE SYSTEM IMMEDIATELY... AND UNTIL THIS ACTION IS TAKEN, DISCONNECT THE SCADA SYSTEM FROM THE INTERNET OR TELEPHONE LINE IMMEDIATELY. 6. DO NOT ADD EXTRA USER ACCOUNTS TO THE COMPUTER’S OPERATING SYSTEM. 7. ONLY PROVIDE TELEMETRY SYSTEM ACCESS TO PERSONNEL WHOSE JOB REQUIRES IT; AND ONLY PROVIDE THE MINIMUM FUNCTIONALITY THAT EACH PERSON REQUIRES. 8. REGULARLY REVIEW THE ACCESS & ACTIVITY LOGS. 9. IF UNCERTAIN, CALL YOUR TELEMETRY VENDOR OR CONSULTANT FOR A CONSULTATION. 10. IF SECURITY TELEMETRY SECURITY PROCEDURES ARE NOT BEING FOLLOWED, THEN DISCONNECT FROM THE INTERNET!
  83. 83. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Part V Troubleshooting Your Telemetry System
  84. 84. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com Troubleshooting A System… ISAWWA Training
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  92. 92. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Main Telemetry Computer
  93. 93. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Check Here First Main Telemetry Computer
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  103. 103. RINavionics Research Inc.wireless-telemetry.com ISAWWA Training Conclusion Thank You. Jim Mimlitz Navionics Research Inc.

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