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Scab BSCI 2300
Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Mechanically-attached membranes, also known as housewraps, usually a polyethylene-fiber or spun-...
Air Barrier Paper
Attic Ventilation Materials <ul><li>Soffit Vent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideal for drawing cool fresh air into the attic as t...
Attic Ventilation: Cont’d <ul><li>Ridge Vent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A  ridge vent  is a type of vent installed at the peak ...
Attic Ventilation: Cont’d <ul><li>Gable Vent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>work to provide ventilation, releasing stagnant air, pr...
Attic Ventilation: Cont’d <ul><li>Roof Turbine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turbine vents can replace the hot air in your attic i...
Back Hoe <ul><li>A backhoe   is a tractor-like vehicle with an arm and bucket mounted on the back and a front loader bucke...
Back Hoe Cont’d
Batter Boards <ul><li>A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surf...
Brick Arches <ul><li>Elliptical </li></ul><ul><li>Jack </li></ul>
Brick Arches <ul><li>Arch with Keystone </li></ul>
Brick Arches: Cont’d <ul><li>Centering - a type of formwork used to hold the weight of the masonry units until keystone is...
Brick Bonds <ul><li>Common Bond </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains a row of headers, 5 rows of stretchers following, and anoth...
Brick Bonds: Cont’d <ul><li>Running Bond </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A running bond consists of nothing but stretchers the whole...
Brick Bonds: Cont’d <ul><li>Rowlock </li></ul><ul><li>Header </li></ul>
Brick Bonds: Cont’d <ul><li>Soldier </li></ul><ul><li>Sailor </li></ul>
Stretcher Rowlocks
Brick Size #1 <ul><li>This is a  Modular Brick  and its dimensions are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3-5/8’’ x 2-1/4’’x 7 5/8’’ <...
Brick Size #2 <ul><li>This is a  Norman Brick  and its dimensions are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3-1/2’’x 2-2/3’’x 12’’ </li><...
Bulldozer <ul><li>This is a crawler equipped with a substantial metal blade used to push large amounts of soil, rubble,  e...
Bulldozer: Cont’d
Brick Clad Structure
EFIS Clad Structure
Stone Clad Structure  <ul><li>This Stone Clad structure has a Flemish Bond. </li></ul>
Wood Board Clad Structure
Wood Shingle or Shake Clad Structure Wood  Clad
Code Requirements <ul><li>Our Window: </li></ul><ul><li>Height :  26’’ </li></ul><ul><li>Width :  30’’ </li></ul><ul><li>F...
Code Requirements: Cont’d <ul><li>Our Stairs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tread:  10-3/8’’  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Riser:  7...
Concrete Joints: Control Joints <ul><li>A control joint is basically a groove cut into the surface of the concrete that al...
Concrete Joints: Isolation Joint <ul><li>Isolation joints are used to isolate the slab from another object such as a colum...
Concrete Masonry Units <ul><li>3 brick = 1 CMU as indicated in picture . </li></ul>
Concrete Masonry Units: Cont’d <ul><li>A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be lain in ...
Concrete Masonry Units: Cont’d <ul><li>6’’ CMU </li></ul><ul><li>12’’ CMU </li></ul>
Decorative Concrete Masonry Units <ul><li>Split Block </li></ul><ul><li>Ribbed Block </li></ul>
Exterior Flush Door
Exterior Door <ul><li>Panel </li></ul><ul><li>Stile </li></ul>
Exterior Door: Cont’d <ul><li>Top Rail </li></ul><ul><li>Lock Rail </li></ul>
Exterior Door: Cont’d <ul><li>Bottom Rail </li></ul>
Doors <ul><li>Transom - a small window directly above the day. </li></ul><ul><li>Side Lights-  a tall, narrow window along...
Electrical Components <ul><li>A  transformer  is a device that transfers electrical energy from one circuit to another thr...
Electrical Components: Cont’d <ul><li>Service Head </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sends electricity to a given electrical meter. </...
Electrical Components: Cont’d <ul><li>Service Meter  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Records how much electricity is being used and ...
Electrical Components: Cont’d <ul><li>Service Panel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distributes electricity to electrical components...
Electrical Components: Cont’d <ul><li>Duplex Receptacle </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures on Next Slide </li></ul><ul><li>The  Du...
Electrical Components: Cont’d <ul><li>Duplex Receptacle: Cont’d </li></ul>
Framing Elements <ul><li>Anchor Bolts </li></ul>
Framing Elements <ul><li>Sill Plate </li></ul>
Framing Elements: Cont’d <ul><li>Floor Joist </li></ul><ul><li>Subflooring </li></ul>
Framing Elements: Cont’d <ul><li>Sole Plate </li></ul><ul><li>Stud </li></ul>
Framing Elements: Cont’d <ul><li>Top Plate </li></ul><ul><li>Ceiling Joists </li></ul>
Framing Elements: Cont’d <ul><li>Rafter  </li></ul><ul><li>Roof Decking </li></ul>
Framing Elements: Cont’d <ul><li>Sheathing </li></ul><ul><li>Stringer </li></ul>
Front End Loader <ul><li>Used to move large quantities of soil, or other loads, and to load trucks. </li></ul><ul><li>It d...
Front End Loader: Cont’d
Gypsum Board <ul><li>An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces; also called dryw...
Heat Pump <ul><li>An advantage of the heat pump is that it reduces the purchased energy required for building heating. </l...
Heat Pump: Cont’d <ul><li>The  condenser  coils are tubes to carry the refrigerant through so it can be cooled . </li></ul...
Heat Pump: Cont’d Compressor Condenser Coils
Heat Pump: Cont’d <ul><li>A device used to condition and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditio...
Insulation <ul><li>Batt Insulation  </li></ul><ul><li>Insulation reduces unwanted heat loss or gain and can decrease the e...
Insulation: Cont’d <ul><li>Loose Fill Insulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulation reduces unwanted heat loss or gain and c...
Insulation: Cont’d <ul><li>Foam Insulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulation reduces unwanted heat loss or gain and can dec...
Insulation: Cont’d <ul><li>Rigid Board Insulation-  Insulation reduces unwanted heat loss or gain and can decrease the ene...
“ Steel” Lintel <ul><li>A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening . </li></ul>
Mortar Joint #1 <ul><li>Concave Joint  which is tooled and is 3/8’’.  This is the Student Union which is small commercial....
Mortar Type # 2 <ul><li>Raked Joint  which is tooled and is 3/8’’.  This is on a residential house. Mortar type is probabl...
Oriented Strand Board <ul><li>(OSB) A non-veneered building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specif...
Oriented Strand Board: Cont’d
Plumbing <ul><li>Lavatory with 1-1/2’’ Drain Pipe </li></ul>
Plumbing: Cont’d <ul><li>Water Closet with 3’’ Drain Piping </li></ul>
Plumbing: Cont’d <ul><li>Bath Tub prior to Gypsum Board  </li></ul>
Plumbing: Cont’d <ul><li>Plumbing Roof Vent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to vent the sewer gas out of the dwelling and to th...
Plumbing: Cont’d <ul><li>Bathroom Sink : Drop In Sink </li></ul>
Plywood <ul><li>A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure. </li></ul>...
Plywood: Cont’d
Radiant Barrier <ul><li>A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the ...
Radiant Barrier: Cont’d
Rebar <ul><li>A short expression for steel reinforcing bars in concrete or masonry. </li></ul><ul><li>Size:  #6  Rebar,  ¾...
Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Gutter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A channel, or trough, on the edge of a roof </li></ul></ul><ul><u...
Steep Roof Drainage: Cont’d <ul><li>Downspout </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A pipe for conveying rain water from a roof or gutter ...
Steep Roof Drainage: Cont’d <ul><li>Splash block </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a small block usually manufactured using concrete w...
Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Underlayment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To protect the roof sheathing temporarily, or until the fi...
Steep Roof Materials: Cont’d <ul><li>Underlayment </li></ul>
Steep Roof Materials: Cont’d <ul><li>Clay Tile Roof </li></ul>
Steep Roof Materials: Cont’d <ul><li>Shingle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a thin piece of wood, slate, metal, asbestos, or the li...
Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Slate Shingles </li></ul>
Steep Roof Materials: Cont’d <ul><li>Aluminized  Metal Roofing </li></ul>
Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Gable Roof </li></ul>
Steep Roof Shapes: Cont’d <ul><li>Gambrel Roof </li></ul>
Steep Roof Shapes: Cont’d <ul><li>Hip Roof </li></ul>
Steep Roof Shapes: Cont’d <ul><li>Mansard Roof </li></ul>
Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Ridge- the level intersection of 2 roof planes in a gable roof. </li></ul><ul><li>Valley-  a trou...
Steep Roof Terms: Cont’d <ul><li>Eave- the horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof.   </li></ul><ul><li>Rake- th...
Steep Roof Terms: Cont’d <ul><li>Soffit - the under surface of a horizontal element of a building especially the underside...
Steep Roof Terms: Cont’d <ul><li>Roof Without Fascia-  a roof with no overhang therefore there is no where to place a fasc...
Stone <ul><li>Random Rubble Pattern </li></ul>
Stone: Cont’d <ul><li>Coursed Rubble Pattern </li></ul>
Stone: Cont’d <ul><li>Random Ashlar Pattern </li></ul>
Stone: Cont’d <ul><li>Coursed Ashlar Pattern </li></ul>
Vapor Retarder <ul><li>A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly ; a...
Vapor Retarder: Cont’d <ul><li>Vapor Barrier </li></ul>
Waterproofing <ul><li>An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation to protect from infiltration of water ...
Weep Hole <ul><li>A small mortar joint opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a buil...
Welded Wire Fabric <ul><li>A grid of steel rods that are welded together, used to reinforce a concrete slab . </li></ul><u...
Windows #1 <ul><li>Single Hung Window-  has one sash that slides up or down in tracks. </li></ul>
Windows #2 <ul><li>Double Hung Window-  has 2 sashes that slide up or down in  tracks </li></ul>
Windows #3 <ul><li>Casement-  sash tilts outward which is controlled by a crank and is hinged on a vertical jamb. </li></ul>
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Visual Dictionary - Scab

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Transcript of "Visual Dictionary - Scab"

  1. 1. Scab BSCI 2300
  2. 2. Air Barrier Paper <ul><li>Mechanically-attached membranes, also known as housewraps, usually a polyethylene-fiber or spun-bonded polyolefin product that allows vapor transmission, such as Tyvek. </li></ul><ul><li>Air barriers control air leakage into and out of the building envelope. </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures on Next Slide </li></ul>
  3. 3. Air Barrier Paper
  4. 4. Attic Ventilation Materials <ul><li>Soffit Vent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideal for drawing cool fresh air into the attic as the hot, stale air is exhausted through ridge, gable or turbine vents. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Attic Ventilation: Cont’d <ul><li>Ridge Vent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A ridge vent is a type of vent installed at the peak of a sloped roof which allows warm, humid air to escape a building's attic. Ridge vents are most common on shingled residential buildings. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Attic Ventilation: Cont’d <ul><li>Gable Vent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>work to provide ventilation, releasing stagnant air, preventing damage from humidity, and optimizing temperature control </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Attic Ventilation: Cont’d <ul><li>Roof Turbine </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turbine vents can replace the hot air in your attic in minutes. Mother Nature blows across the fins in the roof turbine vents as they exhaust the heat build up. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Back Hoe <ul><li>A backhoe is a tractor-like vehicle with an arm and bucket mounted on the back and a front loader bucket mounted on the front </li></ul><ul><li>The front loader is used to move or carry a load from one place to the other. </li></ul><ul><li>The back loader is used for excavation. </li></ul><ul><li>Width of Our Rear Bucket: 23 inches </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures on next slide </li></ul>
  9. 9. Back Hoe Cont’d
  10. 10. Batter Boards <ul><li>A temporary frame built just outside the corner of an excavation to carry marks that lie on the surface planes of the basement that will be built in the excavation. </li></ul><ul><li>Used to show the building layout. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Brick Arches <ul><li>Elliptical </li></ul><ul><li>Jack </li></ul>
  12. 12. Brick Arches <ul><li>Arch with Keystone </li></ul>
  13. 13. Brick Arches: Cont’d <ul><li>Centering - a type of formwork used to hold the weight of the masonry units until keystone is in place </li></ul>
  14. 14. Brick Bonds <ul><li>Common Bond </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Contains a row of headers, 5 rows of stretchers following, and another row of headers to complete the course. </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Brick Bonds: Cont’d <ul><li>Running Bond </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A running bond consists of nothing but stretchers the whole course of the wall, or veneer. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Brick Bonds: Cont’d <ul><li>Rowlock </li></ul><ul><li>Header </li></ul>
  17. 17. Brick Bonds: Cont’d <ul><li>Soldier </li></ul><ul><li>Sailor </li></ul>
  18. 18. Stretcher Rowlocks
  19. 19. Brick Size #1 <ul><li>This is a Modular Brick and its dimensions are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3-5/8’’ x 2-1/4’’x 7 5/8’’ </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Brick Size #2 <ul><li>This is a Norman Brick and its dimensions are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3-1/2’’x 2-2/3’’x 12’’ </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Bulldozer <ul><li>This is a crawler equipped with a substantial metal blade used to push large amounts of soil, rubble, etc. during construction work. </li></ul><ul><li>It is mostly used for grading purposes. </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures on Next Slide </li></ul>
  22. 22. Bulldozer: Cont’d
  23. 23. Brick Clad Structure
  24. 24. EFIS Clad Structure
  25. 25. Stone Clad Structure <ul><li>This Stone Clad structure has a Flemish Bond. </li></ul>
  26. 26. Wood Board Clad Structure
  27. 27. Wood Shingle or Shake Clad Structure Wood Clad
  28. 28. Code Requirements <ul><li>Our Window: </li></ul><ul><li>Height : 26’’ </li></ul><ul><li>Width : 30’’ </li></ul><ul><li>From Floor : 20’’ </li></ul><ul><li>Code: </li></ul><ul><li>Height : Minimum 24’’ </li></ul><ul><li>Width : Minimum 20’’ </li></ul><ul><li>From Floor : No More than 44’’ </li></ul><ul><li>Our window is on the 1 st floor and passes all code measurements. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Code Requirements: Cont’d <ul><li>Our Stairs: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tread: 10-3/8’’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Riser: 7’’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nosing: 7/8’’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Code: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tread: Minimum 10’’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Riser: Maximum 7-3/4’’ </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nosing: ¾’’ to 1-1/4’’ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Our stairs meet code requirements because they are within the limits that the code demands. </li></ul>
  30. 30. Concrete Joints: Control Joints <ul><li>A control joint is basically a groove cut into the surface of the concrete that allows some cracking to occur in the joint and not be readily visible </li></ul>Crack Control Joint
  31. 31. Concrete Joints: Isolation Joint <ul><li>Isolation joints are used to isolate the slab from another object such as a column, wall, or drain pipe. </li></ul><ul><li>This particular isolation joint is isolating a column from the finished slab. </li></ul>
  32. 32. Concrete Masonry Units <ul><li>3 brick = 1 CMU as indicated in picture . </li></ul>
  33. 33. Concrete Masonry Units: Cont’d <ul><li>A block of hardened concrete, with or without hollow cores, designed to be lain in the same manner as a brick or stone; a concrete block. </li></ul><ul><li>Important aspects of CMU are that they can create solid back up walls for veneers. They also can be used for sturdy foundations and even retaining walls. They are always used in many commercial buildings for their resistance to fire. </li></ul>
  34. 34. Concrete Masonry Units: Cont’d <ul><li>6’’ CMU </li></ul><ul><li>12’’ CMU </li></ul>
  35. 35. Decorative Concrete Masonry Units <ul><li>Split Block </li></ul><ul><li>Ribbed Block </li></ul>
  36. 36. Exterior Flush Door
  37. 37. Exterior Door <ul><li>Panel </li></ul><ul><li>Stile </li></ul>
  38. 38. Exterior Door: Cont’d <ul><li>Top Rail </li></ul><ul><li>Lock Rail </li></ul>
  39. 39. Exterior Door: Cont’d <ul><li>Bottom Rail </li></ul>
  40. 40. Doors <ul><li>Transom - a small window directly above the day. </li></ul><ul><li>Side Lights- a tall, narrow window alongside a door. </li></ul>
  41. 41. Electrical Components <ul><li>A transformer is a device that transfers electrical energy from one circuit to another through inductively coupled conductors—the transformer's coils . </li></ul>Transformer
  42. 42. Electrical Components: Cont’d <ul><li>Service Head </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sends electricity to a given electrical meter. </li></ul></ul>
  43. 43. Electrical Components: Cont’d <ul><li>Service Meter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Records how much electricity is being used and sends electricity to the main panel box. </li></ul></ul>
  44. 44. Electrical Components: Cont’d <ul><li>Service Panel </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Distributes electricity to electrical components throughout the house . </li></ul></ul>
  45. 45. Electrical Components: Cont’d <ul><li>Duplex Receptacle </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures on Next Slide </li></ul><ul><li>The Duplex Receptacle provides two grounded outlets that can power appliances and electronic devices such as home office equipment, home theater components and more, eliminating the cluttered look of power strips and the necessity of multiple-outlet adapters. </li></ul>
  46. 46. Electrical Components: Cont’d <ul><li>Duplex Receptacle: Cont’d </li></ul>
  47. 47. Framing Elements <ul><li>Anchor Bolts </li></ul>
  48. 48. Framing Elements <ul><li>Sill Plate </li></ul>
  49. 49. Framing Elements: Cont’d <ul><li>Floor Joist </li></ul><ul><li>Subflooring </li></ul>
  50. 50. Framing Elements: Cont’d <ul><li>Sole Plate </li></ul><ul><li>Stud </li></ul>
  51. 51. Framing Elements: Cont’d <ul><li>Top Plate </li></ul><ul><li>Ceiling Joists </li></ul>
  52. 52. Framing Elements: Cont’d <ul><li>Rafter </li></ul><ul><li>Roof Decking </li></ul>
  53. 53. Framing Elements: Cont’d <ul><li>Sheathing </li></ul><ul><li>Stringer </li></ul>
  54. 54. Front End Loader <ul><li>Used to move large quantities of soil, or other loads, and to load trucks. </li></ul><ul><li>It differs from a bulldozer because a bulldozer can not load trucks and scoop up loads of materials. </li></ul><ul><li>It differs from a backhoe because a it does not have an excavating arm and bucket. </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures on Next Slide </li></ul>
  55. 55. Front End Loader: Cont’d
  56. 56. Gypsum Board <ul><li>An interior facing panel consisting of a gypsum core sandwiched between paper faces; also called drywall, plasterboard </li></ul>
  57. 57. Heat Pump <ul><li>An advantage of the heat pump is that it reduces the purchased energy required for building heating. </li></ul><ul><li>A disadvantage is that the cost of installation is high. </li></ul><ul><li>Continued on Next 3 slides </li></ul>
  58. 58. Heat Pump: Cont’d <ul><li>The condenser coils are tubes to carry the refrigerant through so it can be cooled . </li></ul><ul><li>The compressor compresses cool Freon gas molecules into hotter, high pressure molecules that are then transported to your air conditi.oner's condenser </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures on Next Slide </li></ul>
  59. 59. Heat Pump: Cont’d Compressor Condenser Coils
  60. 60. Heat Pump: Cont’d <ul><li>A device used to condition and circulate air as part of a heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning (HVAC) system </li></ul>Air Handling Unit
  61. 61. Insulation <ul><li>Batt Insulation </li></ul><ul><li>Insulation reduces unwanted heat loss or gain and can decrease the energy demands of heating and cooling systems. </li></ul>
  62. 62. Insulation: Cont’d <ul><li>Loose Fill Insulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulation reduces unwanted heat loss or gain and can decrease the energy demands of heating and cooling systems. </li></ul></ul>
  63. 63. Insulation: Cont’d <ul><li>Foam Insulation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulation reduces unwanted heat loss or gain and can decrease the energy demands of heating and cooling systems. </li></ul></ul>
  64. 64. Insulation: Cont’d <ul><li>Rigid Board Insulation- Insulation reduces unwanted heat loss or gain and can decrease the energy demands of heating and cooling systems. </li></ul>
  65. 65. “ Steel” Lintel <ul><li>A beam that carries the load of a wall across a window or door opening . </li></ul>
  66. 66. Mortar Joint #1 <ul><li>Concave Joint which is tooled and is 3/8’’. This is the Student Union which is small commercial. Mortar type is probably Type N. </li></ul>
  67. 67. Mortar Type # 2 <ul><li>Raked Joint which is tooled and is 3/8’’. This is on a residential house. Mortar type is probably Type N. </li></ul>
  68. 68. Oriented Strand Board <ul><li>(OSB) A non-veneered building panel composed of long shreds of wood fiber oriented in specific directions and bonded together under pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures on Next Slide </li></ul>
  69. 69. Oriented Strand Board: Cont’d
  70. 70. Plumbing <ul><li>Lavatory with 1-1/2’’ Drain Pipe </li></ul>
  71. 71. Plumbing: Cont’d <ul><li>Water Closet with 3’’ Drain Piping </li></ul>
  72. 72. Plumbing: Cont’d <ul><li>Bath Tub prior to Gypsum Board </li></ul>
  73. 73. Plumbing: Cont’d <ul><li>Plumbing Roof Vent </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Used to vent the sewer gas out of the dwelling and to the outdoors . </li></ul></ul>
  74. 74. Plumbing: Cont’d <ul><li>Bathroom Sink : Drop In Sink </li></ul>
  75. 75. Plywood <ul><li>A wood panel composed of an odd number of layers of wood veneer bonded together under pressure. </li></ul><ul><li>Veneer- to face or cover a building with any material that is more desirable as a surface material than the basic material of the building </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures on Next Slide </li></ul>
  76. 76. Plywood: Cont’d
  77. 77. Radiant Barrier <ul><li>A reflective foil placed adjacent to an airspace in roof or wall assemblies as a deterrent to the passage of infrared energy. </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures on Next Slide </li></ul>
  78. 78. Radiant Barrier: Cont’d
  79. 79. Rebar <ul><li>A short expression for steel reinforcing bars in concrete or masonry. </li></ul><ul><li>Size: #6 Rebar, ¾’’ in diameter </li></ul><ul><li>Deformation is used to make sure the concrete and rebar lock together to form one component . </li></ul>
  80. 80. Steep Roof Drainage <ul><li>Gutter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A channel, or trough, on the edge of a roof </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transfers water from roof to down spout </li></ul></ul>
  81. 81. Steep Roof Drainage: Cont’d <ul><li>Downspout </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A pipe for conveying rain water from a roof or gutter to the ground . </li></ul></ul>
  82. 82. Steep Roof Drainage: Cont’d <ul><li>Splash block </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a small block usually manufactured using concrete which is shaped in such a way to catch water from a drain spout and let it flow away from the building. </li></ul></ul>
  83. 83. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Underlayment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>To protect the roof sheathing temporarily, or until the final roofing material is applied. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is used as a back up water proofing material. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pictures on Next Slide </li></ul></ul>
  84. 84. Steep Roof Materials: Cont’d <ul><li>Underlayment </li></ul>
  85. 85. Steep Roof Materials: Cont’d <ul><li>Clay Tile Roof </li></ul>
  86. 86. Steep Roof Materials: Cont’d <ul><li>Shingle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>a thin piece of wood, slate, metal, asbestos, or the like, usually oblong, laid in overlapping rows to cover the roofs and walls of buildings . </li></ul></ul>
  87. 87. Steep Roof Materials <ul><li>Slate Shingles </li></ul>
  88. 88. Steep Roof Materials: Cont’d <ul><li>Aluminized Metal Roofing </li></ul>
  89. 89. Steep Roof Shapes <ul><li>Gable Roof </li></ul>
  90. 90. Steep Roof Shapes: Cont’d <ul><li>Gambrel Roof </li></ul>
  91. 91. Steep Roof Shapes: Cont’d <ul><li>Hip Roof </li></ul>
  92. 92. Steep Roof Shapes: Cont’d <ul><li>Mansard Roof </li></ul>
  93. 93. Steep Roof Terms <ul><li>Ridge- the level intersection of 2 roof planes in a gable roof. </li></ul><ul><li>Valley- a trough formed by the intersection of 2 roof slopes </li></ul>
  94. 94. Steep Roof Terms: Cont’d <ul><li>Eave- the horizontal edge at the low side of a sloping roof. </li></ul><ul><li>Rake- the sloping edge of a steep roof. </li></ul>
  95. 95. Steep Roof Terms: Cont’d <ul><li>Soffit - the under surface of a horizontal element of a building especially the underside of a stair or roof overhang. </li></ul><ul><li>Fascia- the exposed vertical face of an eave. </li></ul>
  96. 96. Steep Roof Terms: Cont’d <ul><li>Roof Without Fascia- a roof with no overhang therefore there is no where to place a fascial board. </li></ul>No Overhang = No fascia Gutter
  97. 97. Stone <ul><li>Random Rubble Pattern </li></ul>
  98. 98. Stone: Cont’d <ul><li>Coursed Rubble Pattern </li></ul>
  99. 99. Stone: Cont’d <ul><li>Random Ashlar Pattern </li></ul>
  100. 100. Stone: Cont’d <ul><li>Coursed Ashlar Pattern </li></ul>
  101. 101. Vapor Retarder <ul><li>A layer of material intended to obstruct the passage of water vapor through a building assembly ; also called ,less accurately, vapor barrier. </li></ul><ul><li>It is commonly placed on the interior side of the building. </li></ul><ul><li>Pictures on Next Slide </li></ul>
  102. 102. Vapor Retarder: Cont’d <ul><li>Vapor Barrier </li></ul>
  103. 103. Waterproofing <ul><li>An impervious membrane applied to the outside of a foundation to protect from infiltration of water . </li></ul><ul><li>LIQUID APPLIED </li></ul>
  104. 104. Weep Hole <ul><li>A small mortar joint opening whose purpose is to permit drainage of water that accumulates inside a building component or assembly. </li></ul>
  105. 105. Welded Wire Fabric <ul><li>A grid of steel rods that are welded together, used to reinforce a concrete slab . </li></ul><ul><li>The grid measurements were 6’’ x 6’’ </li></ul>
  106. 106. Windows #1 <ul><li>Single Hung Window- has one sash that slides up or down in tracks. </li></ul>
  107. 107. Windows #2 <ul><li>Double Hung Window- has 2 sashes that slide up or down in tracks </li></ul>
  108. 108. Windows #3 <ul><li>Casement- sash tilts outward which is controlled by a crank and is hinged on a vertical jamb. </li></ul>
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