FuturICT - Participatory Computing for Our Complex World
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FuturICT - Participatory Computing for Our Complex World

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Today, we know more about the universe than about our society. It's time to use the power of information to explore social and economic life on Earth and discover options for a sustainable future. ...

Today, we know more about the universe than about our society. It's time to use the power of information to explore social and economic life on Earth and discover options for a sustainable future. Together, we can manage the challenges of the 21st century, combining the best of all knowledge.

The FuturICT Knowledge Accelerator is a previously unseen multidisciplinary international scientific endeavour with focus on techno-socio-economic-environmental systems.

The ultimate goal of the FuturICT flagship project is to understand and manage complex, global, socially interactive systems, with a focus on sustainability and resilience. Revealing the hidden laws and processes underlying societies probably constitutes the most pressing scientific grand challenge of our century and is equally important for the development of novel robust, trustworthy and adaptive information and communication technologies (ICT), based on socially inspired paradigms.

We think that integrating ICT, Complexity Science and the Social Sciences will create a paradigm shift, facilitating a symbiotic co-evolution of ICT and society. Data from our complex globe-spanning ICT system will be leveraged to develop models of techno-socio-economic systems. In turn, insights from these models will inform the development of a new generation of socially adaptive, self-organized ICT systems.

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FuturICT - Participatory Computing for Our Complex World FuturICT - Participatory Computing for Our Complex World Presentation Transcript

  • Global Computing for Our Complex World Steven Bishop (UK) Dirk Helbing (CH) Paul Lukowicz (D) Vittoria Colizza (F) Simon Buckingham Shum (UK) Frank van Harmelen (NL) A. Laszlo Barabasi (USA)
  • -­‐  Open  Calls  -­‐  Hilbert  Programs   Inspired  by  the  ATLAS-­‐Project  @  CERN:   3000  physicists  from  38  countries  and  174   universiHes  and  research  labs  
  • FuturICT Platform What for?   Global   ParHcipatory   PlaNorm   InnovaHon   Accelerator   Planetary             Living  Earth  What is?   Nervous     System   Simulator   What if?  
  • FuturICT Platform Global   ParHcipatory   PlaNorm   InnovaHon   Accelerator   Planetary             Living  Earth  What is?   Nervous     System   Simulator  
  • The story so far... •  The Internet made any piece of digital, archival knowledge instantly globally available, searchable, connected, easy to correlate•  most complex artifact ever created
  • The future... •  The Internet made any piece of digital, archival knowledge instantly, globally available•  We are now at the verge of any real life event becoming, instantly globally connected to the digital domain
  • The future... •  The Internet made any piece of digital, archival knowledge instantly, globally available•  We are now at the verge of any real life event becoming, instantly globally connected to the digital domain –  20 Million videos per month on Facebook –  152 Million blogs active in 2010 –  2 Billion mobile phone world wide –  5 Billion Flickr photos –  25 Billion Tweets in 2010
  • ‚Digital Shadow‘ •  The Internet made any piece of digital, archival knowledge instantly, globally available•  We are now at the verge of any real life event becoming, instantly globally connected to the digital domain –  20 Million videos per month on Facebook –  152 Million blogs active in 2010 –  2 Billion mobile phone world wide –  5 Billion Flickr photos –  25 Billion Tweets in 2010
  • Planetary Nervous System -  consumer confidence ? -  panic after earthquake ? -  ethnic tensions ? -  ……….. Planetary   Nervous     System  -  consumer confidence statistics-  distribution of public anxiety-  sources and areas of tension-  ………..
  • Semantic Query Interpretation -  consumer confidence ? interacHve  high,  level  queries   -  panic after earthquake ? -  requiring  complex  semanHc   ethnic tensions ? -  ……….. interpretaHon   Planetary   Nervous     System  -  consumer confidence statistics-  distribution of public anxiety-  sources and areas of tension-  ………..
  • Goal Driven Self Configuration -  consumer confidence ? -  panic after earthquake ? -  ethnic tensions ? -  ……….. Planetary   Nervous     System   high  level  goals  driven  dynamic  -  consumer confidence statistics self-­‐  configuraHon  -  distribution of public anxiety-  sources and areas of tension-  ………..
  • Global Heterogeneous System -  consumer confidence ? -  panic after earthquake ? -  ethnic tensions ? -  ……….. -­‐  global  scope   -­‐  heterogenous  sources   -­‐  mulHple  temporal  and   spaHal  scales   Planetary   Nervous     System  -  consumer confidence statistics-  distribution of public anxiety-  sources and areas of tension-  ………..
  • Privacy Respecting Reasoning -  consumer confidence ? -  panic after earthquake ? -  ethnic tensions ? -  ……….. Planetary   Nervous     privacy  respecHng,  distributed,   System   boSom  up  reasoning    -  consumer confidence statistics-  distribution of public anxiety-  sources and areas of tension-  ………..
  • Global Social Awareness -  consumer confidence ? -  panic after earthquake ? -  ethnic tensions ? -  ……….. Planetary   Nervous     System  -  consumer confidence statistics-  distribution of public anxiety-  sources and areas of tensionPainting by Maurits Cornelis Escher-  ……….. incremental  construcHon,  of  “global  social-­‐ awareness”  like  internal  representaHon  of  the  world  
  • FuturICT Platform Global   ParHcipatory   PlaNorm   InnovaHon   Accelerator  Planetary             Living  Earth  Nervous     System   Simulator   What if?  
  • " Scenario Analysis with FuturICT’s Observatories: Example of Epidemic Spreading Data Models Forecasts demographic infection data contact network models transport + = data multi- scale geographic models ...complexity... data agent- based modelsscenario predictionsanalysis Validation (thanks to Alex Vespignani)priorities policies Possibilities are limited, but even short-term prediction can be useful, as weather forecasts or new traffic light controls show.
  • Modelling the global spread of H1N1," combining models of epidemiology and global travel
  • Building FuturICT’s Living Earth Simulator §  Integrate existing models (traffic, production, economic system, crowd behavior, social cooperation, social norms, social conflict, crime, war…)§  Scale them up to global scale§  Increase degree of detail, accuracy (statistical and sensitivity analysis, calibration, validation, identification of crucial and questionable modeling assumptions,…)
  • FuturICT Platform What for?   Global   ParHcipatory   PlaNorm   InnovaHon   Accelerator  Planetary  Nervous               Living  Earth   Simulator   System  
  • Participatory Engagement is Vital PARTICIPATORY ! PARTICIPATORY ! —we’re talking about a —we’re talking about new PUBLIC GOOD, not CITIZENS, not DNA orthe preserve of scientific or the Higgs boson   political élites   Global   ParHcipatory   PlaNorm   PARTICIPATORY ! PARTICIPATORY ! — for crowdsourcing — to establish diversity INNOVATION in science, for COLLECTIVEICT, services + behaviour   INTELLIGENCE  
  • The Global Participatory Platform in action… App  Developer  Toolkit  &     App  Store,  inc.  Commercial  So[ware/Services  
  • The Global Participatory Platform in action… Serious  Games     across  diverse  plaNorms  
  • The Global Participatory Platform in action… CiHzen  Science  
  • The Global Participatory Platform in action… VisualizaHon  Tools   for  all  abiliHes  
  • The Global Participatory Platform in action… Debate  PlaNorms  &     Argument  Maps  
  • The Global Participatory Platform in action… Thousands  of  ‘long-­‐tail’  niche   Observatories  complemenHng   the  ‘Big  Observatories’  
  • The GPP will itself be studied as a complex, social system Serious  Games     App  Developer  Toolkit  &     across  diverse  plaNorms   CiHzen  Science   App  Store,  inc.  Commercial   So[ware/Services   Global   ParHcipatory   Thousands  of  ‘long-­‐tail’   PlaNorm   VisualizaHon  Tools   niche  Observatories   for  all  abiliHes   Debate  PlaNorms  &     Argument  Maps  
  • Ultimately, all of this is aboutaccelerating European innovation Global   ParHcipatory   PlaNorm   InnovaHon   Accelerator   Planetary   Nervous               Living  Earth   Simulator   System   FuturICT’s Innovation Accelerator
  • Innovation is not a pipeline…
  • (1) Innovation is an ecosystem
  • (2) Innovation is driven by platforms
  • FuturICT as an innovation platform Global   ParHcipatory   PlaNorm   InnovaHon   Accelerator   Planetary   Nervous     Living  Earth   Simulator   System  
  • Detect trends & innovation potential early on; find best experts for projectsCurrent scientometrics results have a 5 year delaymove this to near real time " using alt-metrics
  • FuturICT as an innovation platform Global   ParHcipatory   PlaNorm   InnovaHon   Accelerator   Planetary   Nervous     Living  Earth   Simulator   System  
  • Establish new data publication platforms •  data sharing rates are < 10%•  platforms for sharing data•  think: " life-science data for " home-diagnostics start-up
  • FuturICT as an innovation platform Global   ParHcipatory   PlaNorm   InnovaHon   Accelerator   Planetary   Nervous     Living  Earth   Simulator   System  
  • From incentive to crowd fundingResearch projectsFunded by small investorsBased on their value to communities
  • FuturICT as an innovation platform Global   ParHcipatory   PlaNorm   InnovaHon   Accelerator   Planetary   Nervous     Living  Earth   Simulator   System  
  • A New Era of Socio-Inspired Technology New socially interactive ICT Better understanding, monitoring, "enabled by complexity theory and management of global society and novel social science enabled by new ICT influencescomputer complexity social science science science influences 1. Collective awareness" 3. Society-inspired, technology self-organizing 2. Socially adaptive" technology technology