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ID & T History 2011 sbw

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Brief survey of the history of instructional design and technology

Brief survey of the history of instructional design and technology

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  • 1. HISTORY OF INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY
    SHUNJI BROWN-WOODS
    SEPTEMBER 11, 2011
    IDT 8052
  • 2. EARLY 1900’S
    Prior structure for learning was instructor led with chalkboard, teacher and textbooks as the primary instructional medium
    Viewpoint began to change to view the physical components of instruction as instructional medium rather than the situation above
    More complex instructional media emergence through slides, stereographs, films, and portable media exhibits
    (Reiser, 2012)
  • 3. 1900-1920 Emergent Trends
  • 4. 1920-1930’sAudio-Visual Movement
  • 5. 1940’s- 1950’sWorld War II –Major Influence
  • 6. Post-World War II & Instructional Technology
    Focus on research and intent of instructional media equipment and how it can best be used to affect learning situations
    Growth and depth of Audiovisual research for next decade post-war
    National Defense Act funded research in media and curriculum development
    Limited data had been collected during the active phase of development of these instructional media advances; therefore, there was limited knowledge of the overall effectiveness and efficiency of these materials on learning retention
  • 7. 1950’s -1960’sMilitary influence on Industry Training
  • 8. 1950’s-1960’sInstructional Television & Early Computers
    This was an active period of exploration of the Television and its uses in educational and training arenas
    Growth of Instructional Television
    242 Television channels set aside by the FCC for educational purposes
    Ford Foundation grant offered support to the growth of this technology
    1960 begin to see decline in use for educational instruction purposes—funding shift from education to public interest outside of education
    (Reiser, 2012)
    Computers—”The Next Great Thing. . .”
    Not a huge player in instructional technology in the 50’s
    Began gain notice, but not fully accepted
    Computer-assisted instruction began to emerge through IBM
    Adaptive teaching resources were also beginning to be developed, yet not widely available or accessible
  • 9. 1970’s-1980’s
    Graduate programs in instructional design were begun as universities across the nation in response to growing interest and demand for instructional technology
    Process orientation assigned to viewpoints of Instructional Design and Technology
    Evaluation of ID & T from a more scientific focus with development of theories and models to describe the field
    Employers began to look at ways to enhance human performance through training using instructional materials intertwined with technology in order to provide more opportunities for professional development
  • 10. 1970’s 1980’s Cont.Shift in reference and terminology surrounding the ID & T Field
  • 11. 1980’s-early 1990’s
    Microcomputers were available to general public resulted in increased interest as an instructional tool
    Gained educator interest; limited resistance early on. .
    Student access to computers increased
    Internet emerged as a tool to be integrated into instructional design scope
  • 12. 1990’s
    Distance learning platforms gain some ground and popularity with busy learners and for organizations with a focus on professional development for their staff in non-traditional learning formats
    Computers begin to grab a stronger position in classrooms while access is also increasing
    Instructional media and technology becomes a major priority area for National Education Association and schools across the United States
  • 13. 2000’s-Current
    Technology development at a fast pace
    Schools and organizations are attempting to keep the pace and expose students and staff to the changing platforms for instruction and technology available for learning
    Internet has become more advanced means for integration into instruction and
    Digital technology has improved and expanded options
    iPods, iPads, netbooks, notebooks, tablets, etc.
    Technology plays pivotal role in Military advances and instruction
  • 14. References
    Reiser, R. and Dempsey, J. (2012). Chapter 3: A History of Instructional Design and Technology. Trends and Issues in Instructional Design and Technology. 3rd Edition. Boston, MA. Pearson.
    (2011). Instructional Technology. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instructional_technology on September 9, 2011.
    (2011). http://faculty.coe.uh.edu/smcneil/cuin6373/idhistory/1940.html)