ID & T History 2011 sbw

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Brief survey of the history of instructional design and technology

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ID & T History 2011 sbw

  1. 1. HISTORY OF INSTRUCTIONAL DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY<br />SHUNJI BROWN-WOODS<br />SEPTEMBER 11, 2011<br />IDT 8052<br />
  2. 2. EARLY 1900’S<br />Prior structure for learning was instructor led with chalkboard, teacher and textbooks as the primary instructional medium<br />Viewpoint began to change to view the physical components of instruction as instructional medium rather than the situation above<br />More complex instructional media emergence through slides, stereographs, films, and portable media exhibits<br /> (Reiser, 2012)<br />
  3. 3. 1900-1920 Emergent Trends<br />
  4. 4. 1920-1930’sAudio-Visual Movement<br />
  5. 5. 1940’s- 1950’sWorld War II –Major Influence<br />
  6. 6. Post-World War II & Instructional Technology<br />Focus on research and intent of instructional media equipment and how it can best be used to affect learning situations<br />Growth and depth of Audiovisual research for next decade post-war<br />National Defense Act funded research in media and curriculum development<br />Limited data had been collected during the active phase of development of these instructional media advances; therefore, there was limited knowledge of the overall effectiveness and efficiency of these materials on learning retention<br />
  7. 7. 1950’s -1960’sMilitary influence on Industry Training<br />
  8. 8. 1950’s-1960’sInstructional Television & Early Computers <br />This was an active period of exploration of the Television and its uses in educational and training arenas<br />Growth of Instructional Television<br />242 Television channels set aside by the FCC for educational purposes <br />Ford Foundation grant offered support to the growth of this technology<br />1960 begin to see decline in use for educational instruction purposes—funding shift from education to public interest outside of education<br />(Reiser, 2012)<br />Computers—”The Next Great Thing. . .”<br />Not a huge player in instructional technology in the 50’s<br />Began gain notice, but not fully accepted<br />Computer-assisted instruction began to emerge through IBM<br />Adaptive teaching resources were also beginning to be developed, yet not widely available or accessible<br />
  9. 9. 1970’s-1980’s<br />Graduate programs in instructional design were begun as universities across the nation in response to growing interest and demand for instructional technology<br />Process orientation assigned to viewpoints of Instructional Design and Technology<br />Evaluation of ID & T from a more scientific focus with development of theories and models to describe the field<br />Employers began to look at ways to enhance human performance through training using instructional materials intertwined with technology in order to provide more opportunities for professional development<br />
  10. 10. 1970’s 1980’s Cont.Shift in reference and terminology surrounding the ID & T Field<br />
  11. 11. 1980’s-early 1990’s<br />Microcomputers were available to general public resulted in increased interest as an instructional tool<br />Gained educator interest; limited resistance early on. . <br />Student access to computers increased<br />Internet emerged as a tool to be integrated into instructional design scope<br />
  12. 12. 1990’s<br />Distance learning platforms gain some ground and popularity with busy learners and for organizations with a focus on professional development for their staff in non-traditional learning formats<br />Computers begin to grab a stronger position in classrooms while access is also increasing<br />Instructional media and technology becomes a major priority area for National Education Association and schools across the United States<br />
  13. 13. 2000’s-Current<br />Technology development at a fast pace<br />Schools and organizations are attempting to keep the pace and expose students and staff to the changing platforms for instruction and technology available for learning<br />Internet has become more advanced means for integration into instruction and <br />Digital technology has improved and expanded options<br />iPods, iPads, netbooks, notebooks, tablets, etc.<br />Technology plays pivotal role in Military advances and instruction<br />
  14. 14. References<br />Reiser, R. and Dempsey, J. (2012). Chapter 3: A History of Instructional Design and Technology. Trends and Issues in Instructional Design and Technology. 3rd Edition. Boston, MA. Pearson.<br />(2011). Instructional Technology. Retrieved from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Instructional_technology on September 9, 2011. <br />(2011). http://faculty.coe.uh.edu/smcneil/cuin6373/idhistory/1940.html)<br />

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