MoEF Reply on tiger conservation in India
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

MoEF Reply on tiger conservation in India

on

  • 747 views

Details of the tiger conservation in India, including tiger mortality from Ministry of Environment and Forests. ...

Details of the tiger conservation in India, including tiger mortality from Ministry of Environment and Forests.

http://indianbiodiversitytalk.blogspot.in/2012/08/19-tiger-deaths-in-corbett-national.html

Statistics

Views

Total Views
747
Views on SlideShare
746
Embed Views
1

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
8
Comments
0

1 Embed 1

http://www.docshut.com 1

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft Word

Usage Rights

CC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike LicenseCC Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike License

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    MoEF Reply on tiger conservation in India MoEF Reply on tiger conservation in India Document Transcript

    • Annexure-IANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (a) OF THE RAJYA SABHAUNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 501 ON CONSERVATION OF TIGERS ANDOTHER WILD ANIMALS DUE FOR REPLY ON 27.11.2012. List of Tiger Reserves in India Sl. No. Name of Tiger Reserve State 1 Bandipur Karnataka 2 Corbett Uttarakhand 3 Kanha Madhya Pradesh 4 Manas Assam 5 Melghat Maharashtra 6 Palamau Jharkhand 7 Ranthambore Rajasthan 8 Similipal Orissa 9 Sunderbans West Bengal 10 Periyar Kerala 11 Sariska Rajasthan 12 Buxa West Bengal 13 Indravati Chhattisgarh 14 Nagarjunsagar Andhra Pradesh 15 Namdapha Arunachal Pradesh 16 Dudhwa Uttar Pradesh 17 Kalakad-Mundanthurai Tamil Nadu 18 Valmiki Bihar 19 Pench Madhya Pradesh 20 Tadoba-Andhari Maharashtra 21 Bandhavgarh Madhya Pradesh 22 Panna Madhya Pradesh 23 Dampa Mizoram 24 Bhadra Karnataka 25 Pench Maharashtra 26 Pakke Arunachal Pradesh 27 Nameri Assam 28 Satpura Madhya Pradesh 29 Anamalai Tamil Nadu 30 Udanti-Sitanadi Chattisgarh 31 Satkosia Orissa 32 Kaziranga Assam 33 Achanakmar Chattisgarh 34 Dandeli-Anshi Karnataka 35 Sanjay-Dubri Madhya Pradesh 36 Mudumalai Tamil Nadu 37 Nagarahole Karnataka 38 Parambikulam Kerala
    • 39 Sahyadri Maharashtra40 Biligiri Ranganatha Temple Karnataka41. Kawal Andhra Pradesh *****
    • Annexure-IIANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (a) OF THE RAJYA SABHAUNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 501 ON CONSERVATION OF TIGERS ANDOTHER WILD ANIMALS DUE FOR REPLY ON 27.11.2012. Details of tiger estimation for the year 2006 and 2010 State Tiger Population 2006 2010 Increase/ Decrease/ Stable Estimat Statistic Statistica Estimat Statistic Statistica e al l Upper e al l Upper (Numbe Lower Limit (Numbe Lower Limit r) Limit r) LimitShivalik-Gangetic Plain Landscape ComplexUttarakhand 178 161 195 227 199 256 IncreaseUttar Pradesh 109 91 127 118 113 124 StableBihar 10 7 13 8 (-)*** (-)*** (-)*** StableShivalik- 297 259 335 353 320 388 StableGangeticlandscapeCentral Indian Landscape Complex and Eastern Ghats Landscape ComplexAndhra 95 84 107 72 65 79 DecreasePradeshChhattisgarh 26 23 28 26 24 27 StableMadhya 300 236 364 257 213 301 StablePradeshMaharashtra 103 76 131 169 155 183 IncreaseOdisha 45 37 53 32 20 44 StableRajasthan 32 30 35 36 35 37 StableJharkhand Not 10 6 14 Could not be assessed compared since it was not assessed in 2006.Central 601 486 718 601 518 685 StableIndianlandscapeWestern Ghats Landscape ComplexKarnataka 290 241 339 300 280 320 StableKerala 46 39 53 71 67 75 IncreaseTamil Nadu 76 56 95 163 153 173 IncreaseWestern 402 336 487 534 500 568 IncreaseGhatslandscape
    • North Eastern Hills and Brahmaputra Flood PlainsAssam 70 60 80 143 113 173 IncreaseArunachal 14 12 18 Not Not Not Could not bePradesh assessed assessed assessed compared since it was not assessed in 2010.Mizoram 6 4 8 5 (-)*** (-)*** (-)*** StableNorthern 10 8 12 Not Not Not Could not beWest Bengal assessed assessed assessed compared since it was not assessed in 2010.North East 100 84 118 148 118 178 IncreaseHills, andBrahmaputralandscapeSundarbans Not Not Not 70 64 90 Could not be assessed assessed assessed compared since it was not assessed in 2006.TOTAL 1411 1165 1657 1706 1520 1909*** Statistical lower / upper limits could not be ascertained owing to small size of thepopulation. *****
    • Annexure-III(a)ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (b) OF THE RAJYA SABHAUNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 501 ON CONSERVATION OF TIGERS ANDOTHER WILD ANIMALS DUE FOR REPLY ON 27.11.2012.Details of tiger mortality, as reported by States, during the last three years and current yearSl. State 2009 2010 2011 2012No. (as on 22.11.2012) Poach Natural Poach Natural Poach Natural Poach Natural ing & other ing & other ing & other ing & other includ causes includ causes includ causes includ causes ing ing ing ing seizur seizur seizur seizur e e e e 1 Andhra 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Pradesh 2 Arunachal 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 Pradesh 3 Assam 1 9 2 6 3 3 1 3 4 Bihar 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 1 5 Chhattisgar 0 0 2 0 2 0 1 0 h 6 Jharkhand 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 7 Karnataka 2 9 5 2 3 3 9 4 8 Kerala 0 1 2 1 1 3 3 0 9 Madhya 4 11 3 5 0 5 8 5 Pradesh 10 Maharashtra 4 1 5 3 4 2 10 4 11 Mizoram 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 12 Orissa 1 0 0 0 0 1 1 0 13 Rajasthan 0 3 3 1 0 1 0 0 14 Tamil Nadu 1 0 2 2 0 3 4 2 15 Uttarakhand 1 8 1 4 2 0 6 6 16 Uttar 1 2 1 1 1 15 5 1 Pradesh 17 West 1 1 1 0 0 0 1 2 Bengal 18 Haryana 0 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 19 Delhi 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 20 Goa 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 TOTAL 21 45 28 25 16 40 50 28 *****
    • Annexure-III(b)ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (b) OF THE RAJYA SABHAUNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 501 ON CONSERVATION OF TIGERS ANDOTHER WILD ANIMALS DUE FOR REPLY ON 27.11.2012. Details of elephant mortality for the last three years and current year, as reported by States Elephant casualties in train accidents S. No. State 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 1. Assam 8 2 0 2. West Bengal 1 13 2 3. Tamil Nadu 1 0 0 4. Jharkhand 0 1 1 5. Kerala 3 0 0 6. Odisha 0 0 1 7. Tripura 0 1 0 TOTAL 13 17 4 Elephant death due to poaching S. No. State 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 1. Andhra Pradesh 0 0 0 2. Arunachal Pradesh 0 0 0 3. Assam 4 2 0 4. West Bengal 1 0 0 5. Uttarakhand 0 0 0 6. Uttar Pradesh 0 0 0 7. Tamil Nadu 3 0 1 8. Jharkhand 0 0 1 9. Kerala 4 0 0 10. Odisha 3 17 8 11. Karnataka 3 7 3 12. Nagaland 0 0 0 13. Meghalaya - 0 0 TOTAL 18 26 13 Note: Details of elephant casualties in train accident and poaching deaths have not been collated for 2012-13. *****
    • Annexure-III(c)ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (b) OF THE RAJYA SABHAUNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 501 ON CONSERVATION OF TIGERS ANDOTHER WILD ANIMALS DUE FOR REPLY ON 27.11.2012. Details of lion mortality for the last three years and current year, as reported by the State (Gujarat)Year Natural Accidental Electrocution Poaching Falling Self Total death in well defence2009-10 42 2 1 0 1 2 482010-11 37 0 1 0 4 0 422011-12 41 0 2 0 3 0 462012-13 34 1 1 1 1 0 38(up toOctober) *****
    • Annexure-III(d)ANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PART (b) OF THE RAJYA SABHAUNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 501 ON CONSERVATION OF TIGERS ANDOTHER WILD ANIMALS DUE FOR REPLY ON 27.11.2012. Details of rhino mortality for the last three years and current year, as reported by StatesSl. State 2009 2010 2011 2012No (as on. 22.11.2012) Natura Poachin Natura Poachin Natura Poachin Natura Poachin l& g l& g l& g l& g other other other other causes causes causes causes1. Assam 64 14 75 8 69 7 96 132. West 3 1 2 0 7 0 1 0 Bengal3. Uttar Nil Nil Nil Nil 3 0 Nil Nil Prades h *****
    • Annexure-IVANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (c) & (d) OF THE RAJYASABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 501 ON CONSERVATION OF TIGERS ANDOTHER WILD ANIMALS DUE FOR REPLY ON 27.11.2012. Details of funds released to States under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme “ProjectTiger” for the last three years (2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12) and current year (2012-13) (Rs. in lakhs) Sl. States Release Release Release Release No. 2009 -10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 (as on 22.11.2012) 1 Andhra Pradesh 138.2540 155.6450 154.4060 404.8904 2 Arunachal Pradesh 64.7100 226.7020 236.7857 420.0872 3 Assam 194.2900 1509.4720 947.5088 123.608 4 Bihar 8.8560 158.3550 172.1930 247.792 5 Chhattisgarh 1383.5020 1813.7250 702.7260 425.5284 6 Jharkhand 117.1386 130.6160 156.3465 82.6878 7 Karnataka 657.0620 1660.0500 1830.6500 708.4337 8 Kerala 311.4200 323.4600 429.7700 411.868 9 Madhya Pradesh 2582.4762 3962.730 5352.710 5357.2446 10 Maharashtra 373.5170 2789.0600 3622.3420 513.941 11 Mizoram 2171.000 187.6900 225.2880 192.9848 12 Orissa 221.7400 815.2900 555.0761 142.956 13 Rajasthan 10694.1700 2368.925 67.210 2943.543 14 Tamil Nadu 258.3540 520.9450 605.9640 323.4878 15 Uttaranchal 246.2050 339.9450 399.7600 89.435 16 Uttar Pradesh 431.5170 407.4600 446.1258 234.508 17 West Bengal 298.7850 502.4800 157.6600 404.916 Total 20,152.997 17,872.391 16,062.522 13,027.9117 *****
    • Annexure-VANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (c) & (d) OF THE RAJYASABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 501 ON CONSERVATION OF TIGERS ANDOTHER WILD ANIMALS DUE FOR REPLY ON 27.11.2012.Details of funds released under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme “DevelopmentNational Parks and Sanctuaries (Centrally Sponsored Scheme of IntegratedDevelopment of Wildlife Habitats)” for the last three years (2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12)and current year (2012-13) (Rs. in lakhs))
    • Sl. Name of the 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13No. State/UTs (upto 20.11.2012) 1. A& N Islands 85.91 87.872 127.06 109.50 2. Andhra Pradesh 102.02 64.341 71.50 00 3. Arunachal Pradesh 193.14 213.197 168.11 00 4. Assam 114.79 186.63 234.17 146.00 5. Bihar 42.29 19.889 00 64.685 6. Chhattisgarh 851.15 281.966 241.783 348.63 7. Chandigarh 00 12.29 19.98 00 8. Dadra & Nagar 14.88 00 00 00 Haveli 9. Goa 71.03 32.879 21.458 148.1210. Gujarat 426.10 1106.749 1126.589 517.92611. Haryana 17.22 15.114 28.70 37.6012. Himachal Pradesh 265.92 253.80 242.1104 318.968813. Jammu & Kashmir 375.397 537.336 445.085 426.07714. Jharkhand 80.267 63.64 64.2615 81.619515. Karnataka 566.71 412.252 335.851 309.583516. Kerala 432.48 366.786 941.79 330.3617. Madhya Pradesh 541.98 635.366 506.164 467.70718. Maharashtra 273.679 343.32 322.391 353.60119. Manipur 118.31 88.316 86.65 22.4120. Meghalaya 59.75 58.03 43.80 0021. Mizoram 186.85 707.763 153.445 0022. Nagaland 34.115 33.595 30.333 25.85523. Odisha 390.95 315.331 331.2651 368.208424. Punjab 36.26 25.12 00 0025. Rajasthan 496.746 348.068 291.387 413.0026. Sikkim 240.93 183.78 131.793 177.57927. Tamil Nadu 518.67 334.449 256.027 237.6628. Tripura 13.00 2.84 00 0029. Uttar Pradesh 274.45 296.179 204.371 263.7830. Uttarakhand 145.08 134.90 201.144 0031. West Bengal 381.318 276.385 246.425 164.13532. Daman & Diu 6.05 00 00 00 TOTAL 7357.442 7438.183 6873.643 5333.005 *****
    • Annexure-VIANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (c) & (d) OF THE RAJYASABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 501 ON CONSERVATION OF TIGERS ANDOTHER WILD ANIMALS DUE FOR REPLY ON 27.11.2012.Details of funds released under the Centrally Sponsored Scheme of Project Elephantfor the last three years (2009-10, 2010-11, 2011-12) and current year (2012-13) Sl. Name of the 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 No. State/UTs (as on 20.11.2012) 1. Andhra Pradesh 17.85 15.00 - 11.28 2. Arunachal Pradesh 60.00 10.00 55.00 - 3. Assam 160.26 139.55 200.00 250.00 4. Chhattisgarh 111.22 75.00 150.00 48.00 5. Jharkhand 80.00 80.00 105.87 59.512 6. Karnataka 247.16 300.76 261.83 192.00 7. Kerala 286.70 265.39 282.55 236.00 8. Maharashtra 49.18 29.00 20.29 16.00 9. Meghlaya 80.483 103.838 128.52 - 10. Nagaland 50.00 41.30 25.00 15.00 11. Odisha 100.00 113.50 214.60 168.00 12. Tamil Nadu 358.582 226.879 228.49 200.00 13. Tripura 14.80 - 6.00 5.77 14. Uttar Pradesh 38.45 80.15 49.30 7.27 15. Uttarakhand 221.55 206.82 141.99 125.98 16. West Bengal 207.064 410.206 224.50 66.455 17. Haryana - 100.00 - - TOTAL 2083.299 2197.393 2093.94 1401.267 *****
    • Annexure-VIIANNEXURE REFERRED TO IN REPLY TO PARTS (c) & (d) OF THE RAJYASABHA UNSTARRED QUESTION NO. 501 ON CONSERVATION OF TIGERS ANDOTHER WILD ANIMALS DUE FOR REPLY ON 27.11.2012.Milestone initiatives taken by the Government of India for protection of tigers andother wild animalsLegal steps1. Amendment of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 making enabling provisions forconstituting the National Tiger Conservation Authority and the Tiger and Other EndangeredSpecies Crime Control Bureau.2. Enhancement of punishment for offence in relation to the core area of a tiger reserveor where the offence relate to hunting in the tiger reserves or altering the boundaries of tigerreserves, etc.Administrative steps3. Strengthening of antipoaching activities, including special strategy for monsoonpatrolling, by providing funding support to tiger reserve States, as proposed by them, fordeployment of antipoaching squads involving ex-army personnel or home guards, apart fromworkforce comprising of local people, in addition to strengthening of communication andwireless facilities.4. Constitution of the National Tiger Conservation Authority with effect from the 4 thSeptember, 2006, for strengthening tiger conservation by, inter alia, ensuring normativestandards in tiger reserve management, preparation of reserve specific tiger conservationplan, laying down annual audit report before Parliament, constituting State level SteeringCommittees under the Chairmanship of Chief Ministers and establishment of TigerConservation Foundation.5. Constitution of a multidisciplinary Tiger and Other Endangered Species CrimeControl Bureau (Wildlife Crime Control Bureau) with effect from the 6 th June, 2007 toeffectively control illegal trade in wildlife.6. The in-principle approval has been accorded by the National Tiger ConservationAuthority for creation of five new tiger reserves, and the sites are:, Pilibhit (Uttar Pradesh),Ratapani (Madhya Pradesh), Sunabeda (Odisha), Mukundara Hills (including Darrah,Jawahar Sagar and Chambal Wildlife Sanctuaries) (Rajasthan) and Satyamangalam (TamilNadu). Final approval has been accorded to Kudremukh (Karnataka) for declaring as a tigerreserve. The State Governments have been advised to send proposals for declaring thefollowing areas as tiger reserves: (i) Bor (Maharashtra), (ii) Suhelwa (Uttar Pradesh), (iii)Nagzira-Navegaon (Maharashtra), (iv) Guru Ghasidas National Park (Chhattisgarh), (v)Mhadei Sanctuary (Goa) and (vi) Srivilliputhur Grizzled Giant Squirrel / Megamalai WildlifeSanctuaries / Varushanadu Valley (Tamil Nadu).
    • 7. The revised Project Tiger guidelines have been issued to State Governments forstrengthening tiger conservation, which apart from ongoing activities, inter alia, includefinancial support to States for enhanced village relocation or rehabilitation package for peopleliving in core or critical tiger habitats (from Rs. 1 lakh per family to Rs. 10 lakhs per family),rehabilitation or resettlement of communities involved in traditional hunting, mainstreaminglivelihood and wildlife concerns in forests outside tiger reserves and fostering corridorconservation through restorative strategy to arrest habitat fragmentation.8. A scientific methodology for estimating tiger (including co-predators, prey animalsand assessment of habitat status) has been evolved and mainstreamed. The findings of thisestimation and assessment are bench marks for future tiger conservation strategy.9. The 17 tiger States have notified the core/critical tiger habitat (35123.9547 sq. km.),and the buffer/peripheral area (28750.73421 sq.km.) of all the 41 tiger reserves in thecountry, under section 38V of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, as amended in 2006.Financial steps10. Financial and technical help is provided to the State Governments under variousCentrally Sponsored Schemes, such as Project Tiger and Integrated Development of WildlifeHabitats for enhancing the capacity and infrastructure of the State Governments for providingeffective protection to wild animals.International Cooperation11. India has a bilateral understanding with Nepal on controlling trans-boundary illegaltrade in wildlife and conservation, apart from a protocol on tiger conservation with China.12. A protocol has been signed in September, 2011 with Bangladesh for conservation ofthe Royal Bengal Tiger of the Sunderban.13. A sub-group on tiger and leopard conservation has been constituted for cooperationwith the Russian Federation.14. A Global Tiger Forum of Tiger Range Countries has been created for addressinginternational issues related to tiger conservation.15. During the 14th meeting of the Conference of Parties to CITES, which was held from3 to 15th June, 2007 at The Hague, India introduced a resolution along with China, Nepal rdand the Russian Federation, with direction to Parties with operations breeding tigers on acommercial scale, for restricting such captive populations to a level supportive only toconserving wild tigers. The resolution was adopted as a decision with minor amendments.Further, India made an intervention appealing to China to phase out tiger farming andeliminate stockpiles of Asian big cats body parts and derivatives. The importance ofcontinuing the ban on trade of body parts of tigers was emphasized.16. Based on India’s strong intervention during the 62 nd meeting of the StandingCommittee of the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Faunaand Flora (CITES) at Geneva from 23-27 July, 2012, the Convention on International Tradein Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora Secretariat has issued a notification No.
    • 2012/054 dated the 3rd September, 2012 to Parties to fully implement Decision 14.69 andreport to the Secretariat by 25 September, 2012 (Progress made on restricting captivebreeding operations of tigers etc.).17. As a part of active management to rebuild Sariska and Panna Tiger Reserves wheretigers have become locally extinct, reintroduction of tigers and tigresses have been done.18. Special advisories issued for in-situ build up of prey base and tiger population throughactive management in tiger reserves having low population status of tiger and its prey.Creation of Special Tiger Protection Force (STPF)19. The policy initiatives announced by the Finance Minister in his Budget Speech of the29th February, 2008, inter alia, contains action points relating to tiger protection. Based onthe one time grant of Rs. 50.00 crore provided to the National Tiger Conservation Authority(NTCA) for raising, arming and deploying a Special Tiger Protection Force (STPF), theproposal for the said force has been approved by the competent authority for 13 tigerreserves. The States of Karnataka and Maharashtra have already created and deployed theSTPF.20. In collaboration with TRAFFIC-INDIA, an online tiger crime data base has beenlaunched, and Generic Guidelines for preparation of reserve specific Security Plan has beenevolved.Recent initiatives21. Implementing a tripartite Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with tiger States,linked to fund flows for effective implementation of tiger conservation initiatives.22. Rapid assessment of tiger reserves done.23. Special crack teams sent to tiger reserves affected by left wing extremism and lowpopulation status of tiger and its prey.24. Chief Ministers of States having tiger reserves affected by left wing extremism andlow population status of tiger and its prey addressed for taking special initiatives.25. Steps taken for modernizing the infrastructure and field protection, besides launching‘Monitoring system for Tigers’ Intensive Protection and Ecological Status (M-STrIPES)’ foreffective field patrolling and monitoring.26. Steps taken for involvement of Non-Governmental Experts in the ongoing all Indiatiger estimation.27. Initiatives taken for improving the field delivery through capacity building of fieldofficials, apart from providing incentives.28. Action initiated for using Information Technology to strengthen surveillance in tigerreserves.
    • 29. The second round of country level tiger status assessment completed in 2010, with thefindings indicating an increase with a tiger population estimate of 1706, lower and upperlimits being 1520 and 1909 respectively, as compared to the last country level estimation of2006, with an estimate of 1411, lower and upper limits being 1165 and 1657, respectively.30. The second round of independent assessment of Management EffectivenessEvaluation of Tiger Reserves done in 2010-2011 for 39 tiger reserves based on globally usedframework.31. Increase in the allocation for Project Tiger with additional components.32. Providing special assistance for mitigation of human-tiger conflicts in problematicareas.33. As an outcome of the fourth Trans-border Consultative Group Meeting held in NewDelhi, a joint resolution has been signed with Nepal for biodiversity and tiger conservation.34. Regional Offices of the National Tiger Conservation Authority sanctioned at Nagpur,Bengaluru and Guwahati.35. Launching of Phase-IV tiger reserve level monitoring. *****