The audio lingual method (1)
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The audio lingual method (1)

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The audio lingual method (1) The audio lingual method (1) Presentation Transcript

  • The audio-lingual method
  • Sabra bazai
  • The background of ALM history In the first half of twentieth century. World war ii (because of the military necessary) Direct method didn’t take hold in us. Us education institution is dedicated in reading approach.
  • National defensed college usa 1st used of this method Language courses focus on oral skills  →Army specialized program(ASTP) 1950s known as audio lingual method (structural linguistic + behavior psychology) The audio-lingual approach dominated foreign language teaching in the 1950s aud 1960s
  • Suitable for… • In small classes of mature • Highly motivated students
  • The Audiolingual Method structural linguistic theory contrastive analysis behaviorism
  • Contrastive analysis • Errors should be avoided and corrected right away. • Teacher can anticipate the learning of difficulties (Sheep, ship)
  • Structural linguistic theory Structural patterns are taught using repetitive drills. Structural patterns
  • CHARLES FRIES OF THE UNI OF MICHIGAN  applying principle from  structural linguistic in developing the method that language is consisted with phonetic lexicon pattern and syntax
  • Behaviorism a process of habit • S-R chain formation • Positive reinforcement • Mimicry Drills (repetition Drill ) T: I am going to school. Ss: I am going to school.
  • Behavioral linguistic • B.F skinner (1904 -1990) Stimuli  response shaping reinforcement habit forming
  • Principles • 1. Instructions are given in the target language. • 2. Language forms occur within A context. • 3. Students’ native language interferes as little as possible.
  • • 4. Analogy provides A better foundation for language learning than analysis • 5. Errors are carefully avoided because they lead to the formation of bad habits.
  • Advantages of ALM: • Language learning is A process of habit formation. • Students are given drills. • In this method students can make sentence pattern without stopping to think. • IN ALM students can increase their pronunciation and speaking ability.
  • • It achieves noticeable success in developing oral fluency. • It can also improve their listening ability, in ALM sometimes teacher use tape and language lab to hear dialogue from it. • This method promotes the use of ENGLISH for communication in everyday situation
  • Disadvantages of ALM: • Students were not exposed to real or realistic language. • This method is too rigid ,classes tend to drag • Students complain about the boredom caused by endless pattern drills.
  • • Pupil turns into parrot because of repetition who can reproduce many things but never create anything new • This method is time consuming
  • CONCLUSION •Background . Theoretical background . OBJECTIVES