Information Literacy & the Research Process Contact a Librarian: Sasha Bishop (Beaufort) · Call: 843-525-8236 · Email: email@example.com (New River) · Call 843-470-6003 Text a Question: 843-256-2247
The Importance of Good Information SITUATION: Your brother just made his college football team. You plan to be there for his first game. What information do you need?
The Facts You Need: Date & time City Stadium location Directions Ticket information Weather forecast
Possible Sources of InformationYour brotherNewspaper Are all of these sources ofPrinted game schedule information equally reliable?Sports fan friend Are they equally accurate?College or coach What might go wrong if youOnline Map website get bad information? College webpage Weather forecast site
What other situations call for goodinformation? School assignments Job-hunting Work Learning a new skill Traveling Medical decisions Image used under a CC license from http://www.flickr.com/photos/chicagogeek/4006101093/sizes/l/in/photostream / Finding good information for all of these situations requires INFORMATION LITERACY skills
Information Literacy: The ability to FIND, EVALUATE, and USE RELIABLE INFORMATION Ethically and LegallyImage used under a CC license fromhttp://www.flickr.com/photos/kharied/4128848123/
The Research Process Today we will look at Information Literacy and the Research Process. Use these steps to help you organize your ideas and information as you prepare your assignments Step 1: IDENTIFY your information need Step 2: USE BACKGROUND INFORMATION to learn about your subject and develop your topic Step 3: DEVELOP a research strategy Step 4: FIND and EVALUATE information Step 5: WRITE and REVISE your paper Step 6: DOCUMENT your sources
Step 1: Determine Your Information NeedsWhat do you need to know about the assignment? Number of pages What subjects to cover How many resources to use Is a bibliography or works cited page required?
Step 2: Develop a Topic UsingBackground InformationLook at background information to develop your topic Look at books and websites to get ideas Reference books, such as encyclopedias, are a good place to find background infoOnce you know a little about your subject, you can come up with a specific topic Try to make your topic BROAD enough that you will be able to find information on it, but NARROW enough that you will be able to cover it in a paper
Broad and Narrow TopicsToo broad: SportsA narrower topic: Steroid use and sportsEven narrower: Steroid use and Olympic athletesProbably too narrow: Steroid use and javelin throwers in the 1992 Barcelona Olympics
Step 3: Develop a Research Strategy Once you decide on a topic, review the list of required sources for your assignment Do you need books? Websites? News articles? Scholarly articles? Multimedia? Think of KEYWORDS you can use in your search You will use your keywords to search library catalogs and databases
KeywordsSample topic: Should Olympic athletes be penalized for using steroids?What keywords could we use for our search? Olympics, athletes, sports, steroids, doping, drugs, drug abuse, performance-enhancing drugsComing up with several keywords is important because one catalog or search engine might find many articles under the word “steroids,” but another might find more under “doping”
Step 4: Find InformationNow that we have a topic and keywords, we are ready to begin our searchIn this step, we will find info using LRC resources LRC homepage Online Catalog PASCAL Delivers eBooks Databases (articles)
Starting Point:The LRC/Library WebsiteOn the homepage:• The Online Catalog, eBooks, and Databases, accessible 24/7 Research and citation assistance with LibGuides IM a librarian Access FAQs Take the information literacy tutorial (TILT) to improve your research skills
Find info: the LRC CatalogUse the catalog to find books and other materials in our library, as well as ebooks that can be read on your computerSearch by title, author, subject, or keyword (e.g., “steroids”)
Can’t find a book in the LRC? Use PASCAL Delivers Note: Your library ID is the Use PASCAL to order books school code (00991000) and from other libraries your 7-digit TCL ID #, This is a free service, and separated by an underscore. books usually arrive in our If your ID# is only 6 digits, LRC within a week add a 0 after the underscore After you do a search in the LRC catalog, click the Examples: PASCAL icon at the side of If your TCL ID is 2345678, the screen your library ID is Search for your book 00991000_2345678 If your TCL ID is 123456, Click “Request item” your library ID is Select TCL as your school 00991000_0123456 and put in your name and Click here if you do not have a library ID TCL ID
Find Information: eBooksRead electronic books on your computerClick “eBook full text” to readUse the tools menu to search within a book and retrieve citation information Off-campus access: Username: TCL ID number located on your TCL ID card. (If you do not have a TCL ID, click here.) Password: first initial of your first name + last three digits of your SSN
Find Information: DatabasesDatabases let you search many different newspapers, magazines, and scholarly journals at one timeTry using TCL’s databases instead of websites; the information you find through the databases will usually be more reliableSelect a database from the alphabetical list, or from the subject box For English classes, try the “English and Writing” databasesOff-campus access: Username: TCL ID number located on your TCL ID card. (Ifyou do not have a TCL ID, click here.) Password: first initial of your first name +last three digits of your SSN
Database: Gale Opposing Viewpoints in ContextUse Opposing Viewpoints to research controversial topicsA good resource for persuasive essaysBrowse the list of controversial topics, or search by one of your keywords
Database: Academic SearchCompleteAcademic Search Complete covers many subject areasSearch by your keywordsUse the “Limit your results” option to narrow your results Select “full text” to find only full text articles Search Tip: Select “Scholarly/Peer Reviewed Journals” to find information in the most reliable sources. A scholarly or peer-reviewed journal is one that has been reviewed by experts in the field prior to publication.
Search for Information Online Pros Search engines are user-friendly and usually return lots of results Information comes from a wide range of cultures and perspectives Some online info is very up-to-date Cons You often find inaccurate information You often find irrelevant information You often get too many search results
A WARNING about Online InfoWeb sites can be created by ANYONEUnlike books, web sites can be published very quickly, and are not always edited or checked for accuracyNot all teachers allow online sources for every assignment; make sure you Used under a CC license from http://www.flickr.com/photos/marcobellucci/3534516458/ ask before using webpages as sources
Evaluating InformationAll sources of information should be evaluatedWhen you find a source, ask yourself . . . How reliable is this source? Who wrote it? Is he/she an expert? Is the information given by this source accurate? Can key facts be checked in other reliable sources? How old is this source? Is it current enough for my paper? Does the source cover my topic?
Evaluating WebsitesEvaluate websites carefully before using them as sourcesAsk yourself . . . Who created this website? Who published it? What are their credentials? Is the information accurate? Can it be verified in other trustworthy sources? When was the site updated? Is the information current enough for my assignment? Does the site offer complete coverage of my topic?For more tips on evaluating websites, check out our Evaluating Web Resources LibGuide
STEP 5: Now that you have yoursources, you are ready to Write andRevise your paperIf you need writing practice, try the LearningExpress Library databaseVisit the Tutoring Center website to schedule an appointment with a tutorTry Smarthinking, the 24/7 online tutoring service. Click here for more information
STEP 6: Document Your SourcesRemember, information literacy means using information ETHICALLY and LEGALLYDocumenting your sources helps you avoid PLAGIARISM and COPYRIGHT LAW VIOLATION Image: jscreationsz, freedigitalphotos.net
Plagiarism and Copyright LawPLAGIARISM Copying someone’s work and pretending it is your own Using ideas, quotes, or facts that are not yours without showing where you found themCOPYRIGHT LAW Ensures that authors are compensated for their work Be careful when copying: making copies of your textbook for another person’s use is a violation of copyright law Downloading copyrighted works without permission is a violation of U.S. law and TCL policy. Click here for more information
Document Your SourcesUse citations to show where you found all facts, quotes, and ideas For this class, use current MLA style guidelinesIf you paraphrase part of an author’s work, or put it into your own words, you must still credit the author by citing your sourceWhen you have questions about plagiarism or copyright law, ask a teacher or librarian
Resources for MLA DocumentationHandbooks and manuals in the LRCMLA Citation Guide (http://libguides.tcl.edu/MLA) View examples of Works Cited page entries for books, articles, websites, and moreNoodleTools (citation assistance)Purdue University’s Online Writing Lab: MLA Style
NoodleTools for Documentation: NoodleTools is an online citation manager. Use it to . . . Create citations Generate your Works Cited page Format in-text citations To get started Visit NoodleTools (Off-campus, enter name and TCL ID number when prompted) Create a free account Check out our NoodleTools guide for more information
Information Literacy Review Information literacy means . . . Finding, Evaluating, & Using Information Legally and Ethically It is important for school, work, and any activity or situation you encounter that requires good information
Research process review Let these steps guide you through your assignments Step 1: IDENTIFY your information need Step 2: USE BACKGROUND INFORMATION to learn about your subject and develop your topic Step 3: DEVELOP a research strategy Step 4: FIND and EVALUATE information Step 5: WRITE and REVISE your paper Step 6: DOCUMENT your sources
LRC ResourcesThe LRC has books, DVDs, videos, newspapers, magazines, and reference materialsCheck out the TCL Information Literacy Tutorial (TILT) for more information on the research process and LRC resourcesCan’t find information on a topic? Don’t despair! You can order books from other libraries, read eBooks, or find articles in the Databases
LRC Resources: LaptopsThe LRC checks out laptops to TCL students for up to four weeks at a timeClick here to learn more about our laptop program
LRC Resources: Kindle eReadersThe LRC checks out Kindle e-Readers to TCL students, faculty, and staff for two weeks at a time. Click here to learn more about Kindles and to put one on hold.
LRC Resources: Ways to Get HelpFor information on using our resources, see our LibGuides pageVisit our Frequently Asked Questions + Answers pageText the library: 843-256-2247Send us an instant message via the chat window on this pageFor more help, contact the LRC
Library NewsWant to find out what’s new in the library? Check out the Library Blog for news, book reviews, Kindle information, and more!
LRC Hours and Contact Information• Beaufort Campus (Building 12, above the Student Center) • Mon.-Thurs. 8am–8pm, Fri. 8am-11:30am • Call or email: Sasha Bishop, 843-525-8236, firstname.lastname@example.org•New River Campus •LRC open for study/lab use Mon.-Fri. 8am – 10pm, Sat. 8am– 5pm •Librarian hours: Mon. –Thurs. 8am-5:30pm, Fri. 8am-2pm •Call 843-470-6003