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Information Literacy Orientation

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  • 1. Sasha Bishop, Librarian Technical College of the Lowcountry Beaufort Campus 843-525-8236 [email_address] Information Literacy & the Research Process
  • 2. The Importance of Good Information
    • SITUATION:
    • Your brother just made his college football team. You plan to be there for his first game.
    • What information do you need?
  • 3. The Facts You Need:
    • Date & time
    • City
    • Stadium location
    • Directions
    • Ticket information
    • Weather forecast
  • 4. Possible Sources of Information
    • Your brother
    • Newspaper
    • Printed game schedule
    • Sports fan friend
    • College or coach
    • Online
      • Map website
      • College webpage
      • Weather forecast site
    • Are all of these sources of information equally reliable? Are they equally accurate?
    • What might go wrong if you get bad information?
  • 5. What other situations call for good information?
    • School assignments
    • Job-hunting
    • Work
    • Learning a new skill
    • Traveling
    • Medical decisions
    • Finding good information for all of these situations requires INFORMATION LITERACY skills
  • 6. Information Literacy:
    • The ability to
    • FIND,
    • EVALUATE,
    • and USE
    • RELIABLE INFORMATION
    • Ethically and Legally
  • 7. The Research Process
    • Today we will look at Information Literacy and the Research Process. Use these steps to help you organize your ideas and information as you prepare your assignments
      • Step 1 : IDENTIFY your information need
      • Step 2: USE BACKGROUND INFORMATION to learn about your subject and develop your topic
      • Step 3: DEVELOP a research strategy
      • Step 4: FIND and EVALUATE information
      • Step 5: WRITE and REVISE your paper
      • Step 6: DOCUMENT your sources
  • 8. Step 1: Determine Your Information Needs
    • What do you need to know about the assignment?
      • Number of pages
      • What subjects to cover
      • How many resources to use
      • Is a bibliography or works cited page required?
  • 9. Step 2: Develop a Topic Using Background Information
    • If your topic is not given to you, or if you do not know much about your topic, look at background information on your general subject
      • Look at books and websites to get ideas
      • Reference books, such as encyclopedias, are a good place to find background info
    • Once you know a little about your subject, you can come up with a specific topic
      • Try to make your topic BROAD enough that you will be able to find information on it, but NARROW enough that you will be able to cover it in a paper
  • 10. Broad and Narrow Topics
    • Too broad :
      • Sports
    • A narrower topic:
      • Steroid use and sports
    • Even narrower :
      • Steroid use and Olympic athletes
    • Probably too narrow :
      • Steroid use and javelin throwers in the 1992 Barcelona Olympics
  • 11. Step 3: Develop a Research Strategy
    • Once you decide on a topic, review the list of required sources for your assignment to help you decide where to search for information
      • Do you need books? Websites? News articles? Scholarly articles? Multimedia?
    • Think of KEYWORDS you can use in your search
      • You will use your keywords to search library catalogs and databases
  • 12. Keywords
    • Sample topic:
      • Should Olympic athletes be penalized for using steroids?
    • What keywords could we use for our search?
      • Olympics, athletes, sports, steroids, doping, drugs, drug abuse, performance-enhancing drugs
    • Coming up with several keywords is important because one catalog or search engine might find many articles under the word “steroids,” but another might find more under “doping”
  • 13. Step 4: Find Information
    • Now that we have a topic and keywords, we are ready to begin our search
    • In this step, we will find info using LRC resources
      • LRC homepage
      • Online Catalog
      • PASCAL Delivers
      • NetLibrary eBooks
      • Databases (articles)
  • 14. Starting Point: The LRC/Library Website
    • On the homepage :
        • The Online Catalog, NetLibrary eBooks, and Databases, accessible 24/7
    • Research and citation assistance with LibGuides
    • IM a librarian
    • Access FAQs
    • Take the information literacy tutorial ( TILT ) to improve your research skills
  • 15. Find info: the LRC Catalog
    • Use the catalog to find books and other materials in our library, as well as ebooks that can be read on your computer
    • Search by title, author, subject, or keyword (e.g., “steroids”)
  • 16. Can’t find a book in the LRC? Use PASCAL Delivers
    • Use PASCAL to order books from other libraries
    • This is a free service, and books usually arrive in our LRC within a week
    • After you do a search in the LRC catalog, click the PASCAL icon at the side of the screen
    • Search for your book
    • Click “Request item”
    • Select TCL as your school and put in your name and library ID
    • Note: Your library ID is the school code (00991000) and your 7-digit TCL ID #, separated by an underscore. If your ID# is only 6 digits, add a 0 after the underscore
    • Examples:
      • If your TCL ID is 2345678, your library ID is 00991000_2345678
      • If your TCL ID is 123456 , your library ID is 00991000_0123456
    • Click here if you do not have a TCL ID
  • 17. Find Information: NetLibrary eBooks
    • Read electronic books on your computer
    • Search by title, author, subject, or keyword
    • Click “view eBook” to read
    • Use the search eContent feature to find a particular word or phrase within the book
    Off-campus access : enter your name & the TCL ID number located on your TCL ID card. If you do not have a TCL ID, click here
  • 18. Find Information: Databases
    • Databases let you search many different newspapers, magazines, and scholarly journals at one time
    • Try using TCL’s databases instead of websites; the information you find through the databases will usually be more reliable
    • Select a database from the alphabetical list , or from the subject box
      • For English classes, try the “Language and Literature” databases
    Off-campus access : enter your name & the TCL ID number located on your TCL ID card. If you do not have a TCL ID, click here
  • 19. Database: Gale Opposing Viewpoints in Context
    • Use Opposing Viewpoints to research controversial topics
    • A good resource for persuasive essays
    • Browse the list of controversial topics, or search by one of your keywords
  • 20. Database: Points of View Reference Center
    • Points of View is another good resource for information on controversial topics
    • Use to find point/counterpoint essays
    • Browse lists of subjects, or search by your own subject or keyword
  • 21. Database: Academic Search Premier
    • Academic Search Premier covers many subject areas
    • Search by your keywords
    • Use the “Limit your results” option to narrow your results
      • Select “full text” to find only full text articles
      • Search Tip:
      • Select “Scholarly/Peer Reviewed Journals” to find information in the most reliable sources. A scholarly or peer-reviewed journal is one that has been reviewed by experts in the field prior to publication.
  • 22. Search for Information Online
    • Pros
      • Search engines are user-friendly and usually return lots of results
      • Information comes from a wide range of cultures and perspectives
      • Some online info is very up-to-date
    • Cons
      • You often find inaccurate information
      • You often find irrelevant information
      • You often get too many search results
  • 23. A WARNING about Online Info
    • Web sites can be created by ANYONE
    • Unlike books, web sites can be published very quickly, and are not always edited or checked for accuracy
    • Not all teachers allow online sources for every assignment; make sure you ask before using webpages as sources
  • 24. Evaluating Information
    • All sources of information should be evaluated
    • When you find a source, ask yourself . . .
      • How reliable is this source? Who wrote it? Is he/she an expert?
      • Is the information given by this source accurate? Can key facts be checked in other reliable sources?
      • How old is this source? Is it current enough for my paper?
      • Does the source cover my topic?
  • 25. Evaluating Websites
    • Evaluate websites carefully before using them as sources
    • Ask yourself . . .
      • Who created this website? Who published it? What are their credentials?
      • Is the information accurate? Can it be verified in other trustworthy sources?
      • When was the site updated? Is the information current enough for my assignment?
      • Does the site offer complete coverage of my topic?
    • For more tips on evaluating websites, check out our Evaluating Web Resources LibGuide
  • 26. STEP 5: Now that you have your sources, you are ready to Write and Revise your paper
    • For help, visit TCL’s tutoring center. Click here for tutoring center hours and locations
  • 27. STEP 6: Document Your Sources
    • Remember, information literacy means using information ETHICALLY and LEGALLY
    • Documenting your sources helps you avoid PLAGIARISM and COPYRIGHT LAW VIOLATION
    Image: jscreationsz, freedigitalphotos.net
  • 28. Plagiarism and Copyright Law
    • PLAGIARISM
      • Copying someone’s work and pretending it is your own
      • Using ideas, quotes, or facts that are not yours without showing where you found them
    • COPYRIGHT LAW
      • Ensures that authors are compensated for their work
        • Be careful when copying: making copies of your textbook for another person’s use is a violation of copyright law
        • Downloading copyrighted works without permission is a violation of U.S. law and TCL policy. Click here for more information
  • 29. Document Your Sources
    • Use citations to show where you found all facts, quotes, and ideas
      • For this class, use current MLA style guidelines
    • If you paraphrase part of an author’s work, or put it into your own words, you must still credit the author by citing your source
    • When you have questions about plagiarism or copyright law, ask a teacher or librarian
  • 30. TCL’s Resources for MLA Documentation
    • Handbooks and manuals in the LRC
    • LibGuides Page ( http://libguides.tcl.edu/MLA )
      • View examples of Works Cited page entries for books, articles, websites, and more
    • RefWorks (citation manager)
  • 31. Resource for Documentation: RefWorks
    • Refworks is an online citation manager. Use it to . . .
      • Create citations
      • Send citation info directly from the databases and LRC catalog into your RefWorks account
      • Generate Works Cited pages
      • Format in-text citations
    • To get started
      • Sign up for your free account at RefWorks (make sure to use your TCL email address )
      • Check out our RefWorks LibGuide
  • 32. Information Literacy Review
    • Information literacy means . . .
    • Finding,
    • Evaluating, &
    • Using Information Legally and Ethically
    • It is important for school, work, and any activity or situation you encounter that requires good information
  • 33. Research process review
    • Let these steps guide you through your assignments
      • Step 1 : IDENTIFY your information need
      • Step 2: USE BACKGROUND INFORMATION to learn about your subject and develop your topic
      • Step 3: DEVELOP a research strategy
      • Step 4: FIND and EVALUATE information
      • Step 5: WRITE and REVISE your paper
      • Step 6: DOCUMENT your sources
  • 34. LRC Resources
    • The LRC has books, DVDs, videos, newspapers, magazines, and reference materials
    • Check out the TCL Information Literacy Tutorial (TILT) for more information on the research process and LRC resources
    • Can’t find information on a topic? Don’t despair! You can order books from other libraries , read eBooks via NetLibrary , or find articles in the Databases
  • 35. LRC Resources: Kindle eReaders
    • Beginning Spring, 2011, the LRC will check out Kindle e-Readers to TCL students, faculty, and staff for two weeks at a time. Click here to learn more about Kindles and to put one on hold.
  • 36. LRC Resources: Ways to Get Help
    • For information on using our resources, check out our LibGuides page
    • Visit our Frequently Asked Questions + Answers page
    • Text the library: 843-256-2247
    • Send us an instant message via the Meebo window on this page
    • For more help, contact the LRC
  • 37. LRC Hours and Contact Information
    • Beaufort Campus (Building 12, above the Student Center)
      • Mon.-Thurs. 8 am–8 pm, Fri. 8 am– 11:30 am
      • Call or email: Sasha Bishop, 843-525-8236, [email_address]
    • New River Campus
      • LRC open for study/lab use Mon.-Fri. 8 am – 10 pm, Sat. 8am–5pm
      • Staff hours Mon. –Thurs. 8:30 am-4:30 pm
      • Call or email: Amy Grimm, 843-470-6003, [email_address]