Homeostasiscontrolling conditions in the body
Homeostasis – controlling conditions inthe bodySeveral things need to be controlled:• Water• Ions and minerals• Blood suga...
Water                                      BreathingIn:                                Out:Water                          ...
IonsIons (eg calcium, sodium, potassium)                                        SweatingFood                              ...
Blood sugarIn:           Out:Drink and     ExerciseFood          Insulin – a hormone
Temperature – needs to be 37°C Exercise                                    Sweating Warm                                  ...
Keeping a constant temperatureTo keep warm:        To keep cool:- Shivering – uses   -Sweating  energy                    ...
Homeostasis
Homeostasis
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Homeostasis

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Homeostasis

  1. 1. Homeostasiscontrolling conditions in the body
  2. 2. Homeostasis – controlling conditions inthe bodySeveral things need to be controlled:• Water• Ions and minerals• Blood sugar• Temperature
  3. 3. Water BreathingIn: Out:Water SweatingFood (eg vegetables) Urine (from the kidneys) SweatingKey organ is the kidney Urine (from the kidneys)
  4. 4. IonsIons (eg calcium, sodium, potassium) SweatingFood Urine from the kidneys
  5. 5. Blood sugarIn: Out:Drink and ExerciseFood Insulin – a hormone
  6. 6. Temperature – needs to be 37°C Exercise Sweating Warm Blood circulation weather Hairs on body Enzymes work best at 37°C If too high enzymes can’t work. Too low the enzymes can’t work
  7. 7. Keeping a constant temperatureTo keep warm: To keep cool:- Shivering – uses -Sweating energy -Vaso-dilation- Releasing energy from food- Vasoconstriction- Exercising Controlled by the hypothalamus
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