An Invitation to Health Prepared by: Andrew Owusu Ph.D. Chapter 2: Emotional and Spiritual Well-Being
Chapter 2 Objectives Identify the characteristics of emotional and mental health. Name the two pillars of authentic happiness. Explain the health values of connecting with others. Discuss some of the health benefits of prayer. Describe four ways that sleep affects well-being. Assess your spiritual health and make a decision to enrich it in at least two ways.
Psychological Well-Being Emotional Health Mental Health Our ability to perceive reality as it is, to respond to its challenges, and to develop rational strategies for living The ability to express and acknowledge one’s feelings and moods. Culture Brings people together, strengthen their bonds, reinforce the values and beliefs they share, and provide a sense of belonging, meaning, and purpose.
The Three Pillars of Positive Psychology “ Treatment is not just fixing what is broken, it is nurturing what is best within ourselves”.
A term used by some psychologists to evaluate the capacity of people to understand themselves and relate well to others.
Emotional Quotient (EQ)
The ability to monitor and use emotions to guide thinking and actions.
High EQ = increased productivity at work and happiness at home.
High EQ = decreased incidence of stress, depression and anxiety, and quicker recovery from serious illness.
The Lessons of Positive Psychology Knowing Your Needs The Maslow Pyramid Self-actualization Clarifying Your Values Instrumental values Terminal values The Pursuit of Self-Esteem Confidence and satisfaction in oneself
Fig. 2-1, p. 37 Self-actualization Fulfillment of one’s potential Self-esteem Respect for self, respect for others Love and affection Ability to give and receive affection; feeling of belonging Safety-security Ability to protect oneself from harm Physiological needs Fulfillment of needs for food, water, shelter, sleep, sexual expression The Maslow Pyramid
The capacity to sense, understand, and tap into the highest parts of ourselves, others, and the world around us.
Focuses on the discovery of wisdom within.
Spirituality Gratitude Appreciation, not just for a special gift, but for everything that makes life a bit better. Forgiveness To let go of all anger and pain that demand time and waste energy. Altruism Acts of helping or giving to others without thought of self-benefit.