The Royal House of Thebes


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The Royal House of Thebes

  1. 1. The Royal House of Thebes Santina Betti
  2. 2. The Royal House of Thebes
  3. 3. How Thebes Came To Be <ul><li>Europa’s brothers were sent to search for her </li></ul><ul><li>Cadmus went to Apollo’s oracle at Delphi </li></ul><ul><li>Apollo told Cadmus to found his own city </li></ul>
  4. 4. How Thebes Came To Be <ul><li>Founding Thebes did not come without its challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cadmus had to fight a fierce dragon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Athena then told him to sow the earth with the dragon’s teeth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Armed men sprang from the furrows and killed each other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 survived and became Cadmus’ helpers </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Cadmus and His Children <ul><li>It is believed that Cadmus first introduced the alphabet to Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Cadmus married Harmonia </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonia was given a necklace from Aphrodite </li></ul>
  6. 6. Cadmus and His Children <ul><li>Cadmus and Harmonia had 4 daughters and 1 son </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Semele, Ino, Agave, Autonoe, and Polydous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All of their daughters experienced great tragedy in their lives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cadmus and Harmonia were turned into serpents </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Reign of King Laius and Jocasta <ul><li>With Laius as King, Apollo’s oracle at Delphi began to play a large role in their family’s fortunes </li></ul><ul><li>The oracle told Laius a prophecy </li></ul><ul><li>Laius tried to prevent fate </li></ul><ul><li>Laius was killed several years later </li></ul>
  8. 8. The Sphinx <ul><li>The details of Laius’ murder were not investigated because of the Sphinx </li></ul><ul><li>The Sphinx had the winged body of a lion, and the breast and face of a woman </li></ul><ul><li>As travelers passed, the Sphinx would ask them her riddle </li></ul>
  9. 9. The Sphinx <ul><li>The Sphinx had caused Thebes to grow close to famine </li></ul><ul><li>Her riddle was, “What goes on four legs in the morning, on two legs at noon, and on three legs in the evening? </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus, a traveler from Corinth, successfully answered the riddle by answering “man” </li></ul><ul><li>The Sphinx, in disbelief, killed herself </li></ul>
  10. 10. The Reign of Oedipus <ul><li>Oedipus became king and was given Jocasta as his wife </li></ul><ul><li>Together, they had 2 sons and 2 daughters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Polyneices, Eteocles, Antigone, and Ismene </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. The Reign of Oedipus <ul><li>When Polyneices and Eteocles had grown into men, Thebes succumbed to a terrible plague </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus sent Creon to Delphi </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Reign of Oedipus <ul><li>Creon said the plague would lift when the murderer of Laius was punished </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus sent for Teirsias </li></ul><ul><li>Teirsias told Oedipus he, himself was the killer he sought </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus ordered him out of his sight </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Reign of Oedipus <ul><li>Jocasta told Oedipus the prophecy told to Laius and of his murder </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus tells of his prophecy and that he killed a group of men at a place where 3 roads meet </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus sent for the surviving shepherd </li></ul>
  14. 14. The Reign of Oedipus <ul><li>In the meantime, a messenger from Corinth arrived to tell Oedipus of Polybus’ death </li></ul><ul><li>Jocasta told him there was no truth in prophecy </li></ul><ul><li>The messenger then tells Oedipus he wasn’t Polybus’ son and he himself received him from a shepherd, a servant of Laius </li></ul>
  15. 15. The Reign of Oedipus <ul><li>The shepherd confessed that he didn’t leave Laius’ son to die, but instead, gave him to the messenger </li></ul><ul><li>Jocasta killed herself and Oedipus blinded himself </li></ul>
  16. 16. After Oedipus <ul><li>Oedipus lived on in Thebes and resigned from the throne, as did his son, Polyneices </li></ul><ul><li>The Thebans then accepted Creon as their ruler </li></ul><ul><li>After many years, the Thebans decided to expel Oedipus </li></ul>
  17. 17. Antigone <ul><li>Antigone guided her father after he was driven out of the city </li></ul><ul><li>Ismene stayed in Thebes to keep them informed </li></ul>
  18. 18. Shift In Power <ul><li>After Oedipus left, his two sons fought for their right to the throne </li></ul><ul><li>Eteocles succeeded and exiled his brother from Thebes </li></ul><ul><li>Polyneices resided in Argos and rallied an army together to march against Thebes </li></ul>
  19. 19. Oedipus’ death <ul><li>In the meantime, Antigone and Oedipus had traveled to Colonus </li></ul><ul><li>Apollo told Ismene he would be received by the King of Athens with all honor </li></ul><ul><li>Ismene went to Colonus to tell Oedipus of Apollo’s words and was with him when he dies </li></ul><ul><li>King Theseus sent Antigone and Ismene safely home </li></ul>
  20. 20. Polyneices Attacks Thebes <ul><li>When Antigone and Ismene returned home, their brothers were fighting </li></ul><ul><li>Polyneices was accompanied by 6 other men </li></ul><ul><li>Each man attacked one of the 7 Great Gates of Thebes </li></ul>
  21. 21. Polyneices Attacks Thebes <ul><li>Neither side gained any advantage </li></ul><ul><li>The outcome was to be determined by a battle between Polyneices and Eteocles </li></ul><ul><li>Neither was victorious and they killed each other </li></ul><ul><li>Polyneices’ last wish was to be buried in his homeland </li></ul>
  22. 22. Creon’s Rule <ul><li>The battle restarted, and the Thebans were victorious </li></ul><ul><li>Creon became King </li></ul><ul><li>Only one of Polyneices’ men survived, Adrastus </li></ul><ul><li>Creon made it law that none of the men against Thebes should be buried there </li></ul>
  23. 23. Antigone <ul><li>Antigone disobeyed Creon and buried him herself </li></ul><ul><li>She was sentenced to death </li></ul><ul><li>The House of Oedipus, the last of the royal family of Thebes, was no more </li></ul>
  24. 24. The Seven Against Thebes <ul><li>Adrastus and the mothers and sons of the dead went to Theseus, King of Athens, to ask him to convince Creon to allow his men be buried in Thebes </li></ul><ul><li>Theseus decided that if the people of Athens consented, he would ask Creon </li></ul>
  25. 25. The Seven Against Thebes <ul><li>Theseus pleaded to Creon, but he ignored it </li></ul><ul><li>The Athenians then marched against Thebes and conquered </li></ul><ul><li>The 5 dead men were burned on a pyre and peace overcame their mothers </li></ul><ul><li>Their sons vowed to take vengeance upon Thebes when they were grown </li></ul>
  26. 26. The Seven Against Thebes <ul><li>Ten years later, they marched to Thebes and were victorious </li></ul><ul><li>The Thebans fled and their city was destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>The only remains was Harmonia’s necklace, which was taken to Delphi to be shown to pilgrims </li></ul>
  27. 27. Works Cited <ul><li>Hamilton, Edith. Mythology . New York: Grand Central Publishing, 1942. </li></ul><ul><li>Greek-Style Sphinx from the Delphi Museum. . 26 May 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Antigone from the Beijing Capital Museum. . 29 August 2007. </li></ul>