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The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
The Royal House of Thebes
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The Royal House of Thebes

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  • 1. The Royal House of Thebes Santina Betti
  • 2. The Royal House of Thebes
  • 3. How Thebes Came To Be <ul><li>Europa’s brothers were sent to search for her </li></ul><ul><li>Cadmus went to Apollo’s oracle at Delphi </li></ul><ul><li>Apollo told Cadmus to found his own city </li></ul>
  • 4. How Thebes Came To Be <ul><li>Founding Thebes did not come without its challenges </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cadmus had to fight a fierce dragon </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Athena then told him to sow the earth with the dragon’s teeth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Armed men sprang from the furrows and killed each other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 survived and became Cadmus’ helpers </li></ul></ul>
  • 5. Cadmus and His Children <ul><li>It is believed that Cadmus first introduced the alphabet to Greece </li></ul><ul><li>Cadmus married Harmonia </li></ul><ul><li>Harmonia was given a necklace from Aphrodite </li></ul>
  • 6. Cadmus and His Children <ul><li>Cadmus and Harmonia had 4 daughters and 1 son </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Semele, Ino, Agave, Autonoe, and Polydous </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All of their daughters experienced great tragedy in their lives </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cadmus and Harmonia were turned into serpents </li></ul>
  • 7. The Reign of King Laius and Jocasta <ul><li>With Laius as King, Apollo’s oracle at Delphi began to play a large role in their family’s fortunes </li></ul><ul><li>The oracle told Laius a prophecy </li></ul><ul><li>Laius tried to prevent fate </li></ul><ul><li>Laius was killed several years later </li></ul>
  • 8. The Sphinx <ul><li>The details of Laius’ murder were not investigated because of the Sphinx </li></ul><ul><li>The Sphinx had the winged body of a lion, and the breast and face of a woman </li></ul><ul><li>As travelers passed, the Sphinx would ask them her riddle </li></ul>
  • 9. The Sphinx <ul><li>The Sphinx had caused Thebes to grow close to famine </li></ul><ul><li>Her riddle was, “What goes on four legs in the morning, on two legs at noon, and on three legs in the evening? </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus, a traveler from Corinth, successfully answered the riddle by answering “man” </li></ul><ul><li>The Sphinx, in disbelief, killed herself </li></ul>
  • 10. The Reign of Oedipus <ul><li>Oedipus became king and was given Jocasta as his wife </li></ul><ul><li>Together, they had 2 sons and 2 daughters </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Polyneices, Eteocles, Antigone, and Ismene </li></ul></ul>
  • 11. The Reign of Oedipus <ul><li>When Polyneices and Eteocles had grown into men, Thebes succumbed to a terrible plague </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus sent Creon to Delphi </li></ul>
  • 12. The Reign of Oedipus <ul><li>Creon said the plague would lift when the murderer of Laius was punished </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus sent for Teirsias </li></ul><ul><li>Teirsias told Oedipus he, himself was the killer he sought </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus ordered him out of his sight </li></ul>
  • 13. The Reign of Oedipus <ul><li>Jocasta told Oedipus the prophecy told to Laius and of his murder </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus tells of his prophecy and that he killed a group of men at a place where 3 roads meet </li></ul><ul><li>Oedipus sent for the surviving shepherd </li></ul>
  • 14. The Reign of Oedipus <ul><li>In the meantime, a messenger from Corinth arrived to tell Oedipus of Polybus’ death </li></ul><ul><li>Jocasta told him there was no truth in prophecy </li></ul><ul><li>The messenger then tells Oedipus he wasn’t Polybus’ son and he himself received him from a shepherd, a servant of Laius </li></ul>
  • 15. The Reign of Oedipus <ul><li>The shepherd confessed that he didn’t leave Laius’ son to die, but instead, gave him to the messenger </li></ul><ul><li>Jocasta killed herself and Oedipus blinded himself </li></ul>
  • 16. After Oedipus <ul><li>Oedipus lived on in Thebes and resigned from the throne, as did his son, Polyneices </li></ul><ul><li>The Thebans then accepted Creon as their ruler </li></ul><ul><li>After many years, the Thebans decided to expel Oedipus </li></ul>
  • 17. Antigone <ul><li>Antigone guided her father after he was driven out of the city </li></ul><ul><li>Ismene stayed in Thebes to keep them informed </li></ul>
  • 18. Shift In Power <ul><li>After Oedipus left, his two sons fought for their right to the throne </li></ul><ul><li>Eteocles succeeded and exiled his brother from Thebes </li></ul><ul><li>Polyneices resided in Argos and rallied an army together to march against Thebes </li></ul>
  • 19. Oedipus’ death <ul><li>In the meantime, Antigone and Oedipus had traveled to Colonus </li></ul><ul><li>Apollo told Ismene he would be received by the King of Athens with all honor </li></ul><ul><li>Ismene went to Colonus to tell Oedipus of Apollo’s words and was with him when he dies </li></ul><ul><li>King Theseus sent Antigone and Ismene safely home </li></ul>
  • 20. Polyneices Attacks Thebes <ul><li>When Antigone and Ismene returned home, their brothers were fighting </li></ul><ul><li>Polyneices was accompanied by 6 other men </li></ul><ul><li>Each man attacked one of the 7 Great Gates of Thebes </li></ul>
  • 21. Polyneices Attacks Thebes <ul><li>Neither side gained any advantage </li></ul><ul><li>The outcome was to be determined by a battle between Polyneices and Eteocles </li></ul><ul><li>Neither was victorious and they killed each other </li></ul><ul><li>Polyneices’ last wish was to be buried in his homeland </li></ul>
  • 22. Creon’s Rule <ul><li>The battle restarted, and the Thebans were victorious </li></ul><ul><li>Creon became King </li></ul><ul><li>Only one of Polyneices’ men survived, Adrastus </li></ul><ul><li>Creon made it law that none of the men against Thebes should be buried there </li></ul>
  • 23. Antigone <ul><li>Antigone disobeyed Creon and buried him herself </li></ul><ul><li>She was sentenced to death </li></ul><ul><li>The House of Oedipus, the last of the royal family of Thebes, was no more </li></ul>
  • 24. The Seven Against Thebes <ul><li>Adrastus and the mothers and sons of the dead went to Theseus, King of Athens, to ask him to convince Creon to allow his men be buried in Thebes </li></ul><ul><li>Theseus decided that if the people of Athens consented, he would ask Creon </li></ul>
  • 25. The Seven Against Thebes <ul><li>Theseus pleaded to Creon, but he ignored it </li></ul><ul><li>The Athenians then marched against Thebes and conquered </li></ul><ul><li>The 5 dead men were burned on a pyre and peace overcame their mothers </li></ul><ul><li>Their sons vowed to take vengeance upon Thebes when they were grown </li></ul>
  • 26. The Seven Against Thebes <ul><li>Ten years later, they marched to Thebes and were victorious </li></ul><ul><li>The Thebans fled and their city was destroyed </li></ul><ul><li>The only remains was Harmonia’s necklace, which was taken to Delphi to be shown to pilgrims </li></ul>
  • 27. Works Cited <ul><li>Hamilton, Edith. Mythology . New York: Grand Central Publishing, 1942. </li></ul><ul><li>Greek-Style Sphinx from the Delphi Museum. Flickr.com . 26 May 2006. </li></ul><ul><li>Antigone from the Beijing Capital Museum. Flickr.com . 29 August 2007. </li></ul>

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