Port Security: Implications for Maritime Supply Chains

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The Asia-Pacific Region sea lanes and ports, key and vital to commercial shipping, trade and military engagement, present a significant challenge to security professionals. The diverse capabilities and limitations of individual country intelligence and security forces to identify and mitigate potential threats requires a pro-active, cost-effective teamwork approach to ensure operational and supply chain integrity, as well as the safety and security of persons and assets.

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Port Security: Implications for Maritime Supply Chains

  1. 1. - PORT SECURITY - IMPLICATIONS FOR MARITIME SUPPLY CHAINS October 2009 5th Thai Ports, Shipping and Logistics Exhibition & Conference 1
  2. 2. Driving Factors Port Security Worldwide Terrorist Attacks September 11, 2001 USS Cole (DDG-67) October 12, 2000 “Cargo Theft on the Rise, Despite Increase in Enforcement” (Los Angeles Business Journal – 2005) “Security at RI Container Ports Slack” (Jakarta Post – 2008) “Lax port security „a terror risk‟” ( SBS World News Australia– 2009) “Four held for container theft – 2007” “JNPT containers: Evidence hint‟s at insider‟s help” ( dnaindia.com / PTI (India)) “Terrorism – Corruption – Theft – Smuggling” 2 5th Thai Ports, Shipping and Logistics Exhibition & Conference
  3. 3. 3 5th Thai Ports, Shipping and Logistics Exhibition & Conference SECURITY PROGRAMS AND INITIATIVES
  4. 4. 4 5th Thai Ports, Shipping and Logistics Exhibition & Conference FORCE PROTECTION – PORT & SHIP SECURITY Levels of Security – dependent on local threat environment - Budget - Available Personnel - Training & Experience - Reliability - All Considerations
  5. 5. - Criminals - Insiders such as military members, ship’s crew, contractors, civilians, etc. - Groups opposed to country policies or actions - Terrorist organizations and/or individuals - Piracy 5 5th Thai Ports, Shipping and Logistics Exhibition & Conference Threats to Ships, Ports and the Logistics / Supply Chain
  6. 6. The pier provides access to Commercial and Military ships for on-load / off-load re-supply, re-fueling, crew and passengers, as well as other vital functions. - Can be vulnerable to criminal and terrorist activity. - Both land and waterside 6 5th Thai Ports, Shipping and Logistics Exhibition & Conference Pier Security
  7. 7. Strong supply chain security measures also reduce the risk of loss, theft, and contraband smuggling. Must be implemented and tracked from point of origin (manufacturer/supplier/vendor) through to point of distribution. 7 5th Thai Ports, Shipping and Logistics Exhibition & Conference Logistics and Supply Chain Security
  8. 8. Security Overview • The Breakdown in security often involved: 􀂾 Lack of actionable intelligence on the immediate threat / Lack of adequate security measures / response 􀂾 Improper monitoring of the conveyance throughout the supply chain 􀂾 Subcontracting transportation services without direct controls 􀂾 Inadequate personnel screening 􀂾 Lack of inspections, verifications and self-policing processes 􀂾 Lack of engagement and understanding of the supply chain Terrorist threat – Loss of life, damaged ship, ecological impact, ship as weapon; in cargo – WMD / tainted cargo, etc. Piracy – Ship & Cargo Theft // Corruption // Bribes // Culture of “Tipping” Logistics / Supply Chain Vulnerabilities – majority of compromised shipments occur during the transportation component of the supply chain. 5th Thai Ports, Shipping and Logistics Exhibition & Conference 8
  9. 9. 9 5th Thai Ports, Shipping and Logistics Exhibition & Conference Effects Lack of adequate Port Security as well as Disruption of the Supply Chain, whether Commercial or Military: IMPACTS MISSION READINESS, OPERATIONAL ACTIVITY High Operating Costs and/or Insurance Premiums – Force Protection / Security Upgrades Penalties and Fines due to delays and/or lost cargo - Drop in Confidence in Safety of Port / Location / --- No port calls --- - Drop in Confidence in Method of Conveyance (i.e. ships, trucks, etc.) - Drop in Public Confidence in Safety of Products and Services Everyone loses !
  10. 10. - Due Diligence on Security Provider and Contractors - Reputation & Integrity Very Important - Physical Access Controls - Personnel Security - Procedural Security - Conveyance/Container Security - Information Technology Security - Security Training and Threat Awareness - Partnering with Host Governments and/or other Official Security Personnel TEAMWORK ! 10 5th Thai Ports, Shipping and Logistics Exhibition & Conference Security Measures
  11. 11. Scott M. Bernat Resident Agent in Charge Force Protection Detachment US Embassy Jakarta, Indonesia +62-21-3435-9811 (Office) +62-811-100-5797 (Mobile) Email: BernatS@state.gov Sbernat@hotmail.com QUESTIONS ?? 5th Thai Ports, Shipping and Logistics Exhibition & Conference 11 Doug Robinson Special Agent, NCIS Force Protection Detachment US Embassy Bangkok, Thailand +66-2-287-1036 ext 800 (Office) Email: RobinsonDH@state.gov US Naval Criminal Investigative Service Greater South East Asia Field Office - Singapore +65-6-750-2400 (Main Office) http://www.ncis.navy.mil/locations/singapore.asp

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