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  • 1. Facilities Design for LibraryMedia CentersSteven M. BauleNorth Boone CUSD 200BauleS@nbcusd.org
  • 2. Library Facilities Issues Planning TeamOrganization Determining NeededSpaces Specifying Needs Bids Architects, etc.
  • 3. Six Key Issues to Consider Flexibility in student spaces– NCLB– RTI Visual literacy Extended access Technology readiness Supervision A place for books
  • 4. Planning Team Organization– Principal– Library media specialist(s)– Classroom teachers– Student representatives– Parent representatives– Public librarian
  • 5. Determining Space Needs– Services to be performed– Space requiredIn the form of classrooms, ea. 1/2 classroom– Infrastructure required– Lighting needs– Located near, away from, etc.
  • 6. Specifying Needs ProgrammingDocuments– Work with the architectto determine how toproceed Where to obtain– Facilities Planning– Architect– Other districts
  • 7. Shelving Display space Open Closed Periodicals Paperback racksCollection Analysis– Type of collection– Present volumes– Anticipated growth– Volumes per foot– Linear feet needed
  • 8. Shelving Issues ADA Requirements– 36” between shelves– 60” to allow passing High shelving is stillallowable Metal v. Wood Linear Feet– Elementary books– 20 per foot– Secondary books– 10 per foot– Periodicals– 50 per foot– Secondary reference– 8 per foot
  • 9. Shelving Needs AnalysisType of Material Present #ofvolumesPresent #ofshelvesPresent linearfeet ofshelvingNumber ofvolumes tobe shelvedPercentanticipatedgrowth/reductionin collectionVolumes perlinear footNumber oflinear feet/ # ofshelves neededReference BooksFiction BooksEasy Books000s100s200s300s400s500s600s700s800s900sBiographies/Collective BiosReserve BooksVideosOther AVPeriodicalsOtherTotalsTotal number of shelves needed / 5 = Number of full height shelving sectionsTotal number of shelves needs / 3 = Number of mid-height shelving sections
  • 10. Seating One class per LMS+1 10% of student body Square tables arepreferred Soft seating? Sled chairs? Two stage chairs?
  • 11. Tables Round v. square v.rectangular Number of students Types of projects to becompleted Other functions heldin the library
  • 12. Circulation Desk Work hard to determine needs Be very specific Create a mock up Most important piece of furniture in theLMC Be able to observe everywhere from here
  • 13. Other Public Areas Conference rooms Story areas Leisure reading Break out spaces for RtI Etc…. … …
  • 14. Technology Rich Areas Computer spaces– Labs – do you still plan to have one?– Walk up terminals– Laptop storage– Wireless access in classrooms and the LMC AV production spaces– Laminating– Taping, editing, etc.
  • 15. Network Issues NOT Wired v. wireless BOTH Fiber v. copper Multimode v. single mode Phone cable (Cat. 3) v. data cable(Cat. 5), etc.
  • 16. Staff Areas LMS office space Work room Closed storage Computer and AV repair Laptop storage Network server spaces Etc. …
  • 17. Color Color used in studyspaces affects learning For primary gradesuse bright primarycolors For secondary studentsuse tints of blue,green, gray or beige
  • 18. Signage Wait until the libraryis open Test signage withtemporary signs Determine whatquestions are asked Ensure clarity ofmessage
  • 19. Bids Determine what you want Alternative bids are okay Know all the state rules Find someone knowledgeable about theprocess You may pre-qualify bidders Award bids in a timely manner Be involved - don’t have the business officedo everything without your knowledge
  • 20. Bids, cont. You can identify sometypes of items or sub-contractors and“assign” them to thegeneral contractor This allows a certainflexibility forcirculation systems,video equipment, etc.
  • 21. Stages of Construction Planning phase Design development(DDs) Construction drawings(CDs) Construction Substantial completion Final completion
  • 22. A Construction Who’s Who Architect Engineers (structural,electrical, etc.) Project manager General contractor Sub-contractor Cable designer Foremen
  • 23. Architects Libraries are specialspaces Find an architect withlibrary experience Visit his/her work Ensure that they listen Work with thebusiness manager
  • 24. Timelines Backwards planning is required Start at the opening date and go backwards Move in date Furniture setup Facilities completion Data wiring Construction Bid award, opening, notice Plans completed
  • 25. Additional Resources KQ web site- http://www.ala.org/aasl/kqweb/kqbackissues.html Baule, S. M. (2007). Facilities Planning for School Library Media and TechnologyCenters, Linworth Publishing. Bolan, K. (2009). Teen Spaces: The step-by-step library makeover. 2nd ed. ALAEditions. Design Share: Designing for the future of learning www.designshare.com Erikson, R. & Harkuson, C. (2007). Designing a School Library Media Center for theFuture. ALA Editions. Haggans, M. (1998). 14 Ways to get better performance from your architect. SchoolPlanning & Managemen, 37 (3), 24-27. (Dated but excellent source for those new to theprocess) Hart, T. L. (2006). Top ten list of library facility technology issues. Library MediaConnection 24 (4): 46-47. Johnson D. (2009) Some design considerations. www.doug-johnson.com. National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities www.edfacilities.org/rl/libraries.cfm.
  • 26. Questions?Thank you