Six Key Issues to Consider Flexibility in student spaces– NCLB– RTI Visual literacy Extended access Technology readiness Supervision A place for books
Planning Team Organization– Principal– Library media specialist(s)– Classroom teachers– Student representatives– Parent representatives– Public librarian
Determining Space Needs– Services to be performed– Space requiredIn the form of classrooms, ea. 1/2 classroom– Infrastructure required– Lighting needs– Located near, away from, etc.
Specifying Needs ProgrammingDocuments– Work with the architectto determine how toproceed Where to obtain– Facilities Planning– Architect– Other districts
Shelving Display space Open Closed Periodicals Paperback racksCollection Analysis– Type of collection– Present volumes– Anticipated growth– Volumes per foot– Linear feet needed
Shelving Issues ADA Requirements– 36” between shelves– 60” to allow passing High shelving is stillallowable Metal v. Wood Linear Feet– Elementary books– 20 per foot– Secondary books– 10 per foot– Periodicals– 50 per foot– Secondary reference– 8 per foot
Shelving Needs AnalysisType of Material Present #ofvolumesPresent #ofshelvesPresent linearfeet ofshelvingNumber ofvolumes tobe shelvedPercentanticipatedgrowth/reductionin collectionVolumes perlinear footNumber oflinear feet/ # ofshelves neededReference BooksFiction BooksEasy Books000s100s200s300s400s500s600s700s800s900sBiographies/Collective BiosReserve BooksVideosOther AVPeriodicalsOtherTotalsTotal number of shelves needed / 5 = Number of full height shelving sectionsTotal number of shelves needs / 3 = Number of mid-height shelving sections
Seating One class per LMS+1 10% of student body Square tables arepreferred Soft seating? Sled chairs? Two stage chairs?
Tables Round v. square v.rectangular Number of students Types of projects to becompleted Other functions heldin the library
Circulation Desk Work hard to determine needs Be very specific Create a mock up Most important piece of furniture in theLMC Be able to observe everywhere from here
Other Public Areas Conference rooms Story areas Leisure reading Break out spaces for RtI Etc…. … …
Technology Rich Areas Computer spaces– Labs – do you still plan to have one?– Walk up terminals– Laptop storage– Wireless access in classrooms and the LMC AV production spaces– Laminating– Taping, editing, etc.
Network Issues NOT Wired v. wireless BOTH Fiber v. copper Multimode v. single mode Phone cable (Cat. 3) v. data cable(Cat. 5), etc.
Staff Areas LMS office space Work room Closed storage Computer and AV repair Laptop storage Network server spaces Etc. …
Color Color used in studyspaces affects learning For primary gradesuse bright primarycolors For secondary studentsuse tints of blue,green, gray or beige
Signage Wait until the libraryis open Test signage withtemporary signs Determine whatquestions are asked Ensure clarity ofmessage
Bids Determine what you want Alternative bids are okay Know all the state rules Find someone knowledgeable about theprocess You may pre-qualify bidders Award bids in a timely manner Be involved - don’t have the business officedo everything without your knowledge
Bids, cont. You can identify sometypes of items or sub-contractors and“assign” them to thegeneral contractor This allows a certainflexibility forcirculation systems,video equipment, etc.
Stages of Construction Planning phase Design development(DDs) Construction drawings(CDs) Construction Substantial completion Final completion
A Construction Who’s Who Architect Engineers (structural,electrical, etc.) Project manager General contractor Sub-contractor Cable designer Foremen
Architects Libraries are specialspaces Find an architect withlibrary experience Visit his/her work Ensure that they listen Work with thebusiness manager
Timelines Backwards planning is required Start at the opening date and go backwards Move in date Furniture setup Facilities completion Data wiring Construction Bid award, opening, notice Plans completed
Additional Resources KQ web site- http://www.ala.org/aasl/kqweb/kqbackissues.html Baule, S. M. (2007). Facilities Planning for School Library Media and TechnologyCenters, Linworth Publishing. Bolan, K. (2009). Teen Spaces: The step-by-step library makeover. 2nd ed. ALAEditions. Design Share: Designing for the future of learning www.designshare.com Erikson, R. & Harkuson, C. (2007). Designing a School Library Media Center for theFuture. ALA Editions. Haggans, M. (1998). 14 Ways to get better performance from your architect. SchoolPlanning & Managemen, 37 (3), 24-27. (Dated but excellent source for those new to theprocess) Hart, T. L. (2006). Top ten list of library facility technology issues. Library MediaConnection 24 (4): 46-47. Johnson D. (2009) Some design considerations. www.doug-johnson.com. National Clearinghouse for Educational Facilities www.edfacilities.org/rl/libraries.cfm.