FRACTURES

821 views
764 views

Published on

BIO120
Presentation #4

0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
821
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
3
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
28
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

FRACTURES

  1. 1. BR o KEN BONES By Shreeja Basnet
  2. 2. Bone Fractures <ul><li>A bone fracture is a break in a bone. </li></ul><ul><li>All fractures can be described in terms of- </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>External Appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of the break </li></ul>
  3. 3. Symptoms of a fracture <ul><li>Pain in the injured area </li></ul><ul><li>Swelling in the injured area </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in moving the injured area in a normal manner </li></ul><ul><li>Obvious deformity in the injured area </li></ul><ul><li>Warmth, bruising, or redness in the injured area </li></ul>
  4. 4. Types of Fracture <ul><li>There are many different types of fracture, some of them are: </li></ul><ul><li>Transverse fracture: horizontal breakage of a bone </li></ul><ul><li>Hair-line fracture : a crack in a bone </li></ul><ul><li>Compression fracture: a collapse of a vertebra due to trauma or a weakened vertebra </li></ul>
  5. 5. Comminuted Fracture <ul><li>A bone is shattered into multiple pieces </li></ul><ul><li>Can occur anywhere along the length of the bone </li></ul><ul><li>Most common in elderly people or people with weakened bone condition </li></ul><ul><li>Occur as the result of tremendous force, such as a car accident or a severe fall </li></ul><ul><li>Results in three or more bone fragments </li></ul>
  6. 6. Comminuted Fracture
  7. 7. Compound Fracture <ul><li>Also called an open fracture </li></ul><ul><li>A broken bone that penetrates the skin </li></ul><ul><li>A very significant risk of developing an infection around the fracture because of dirt and bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by high energy injuries such as car crashes, falls, or sports injuries </li></ul>
  8. 8. Compound Fracture
  9. 9. Closed Fracture <ul><li>Also called a simple fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Break in a bone that does not pierce the skin </li></ul><ul><li>Surrounding tissues are not seriously damaged </li></ul><ul><li>Less severe than compound fracture </li></ul>
  10. 10. Closed Fracture
  11. 11. Healing Process <ul><li>Usually takes four weeks to heal </li></ul><ul><li>Depends on the age of a person </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs in four steps- </li></ul><ul><li>Stage of hematoma </li></ul><ul><li>Stage of granulation </li></ul><ul><li>Stage of callus formation </li></ul><ul><li>Stage of ossification </li></ul>

×