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FRACTURES

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BIO120 …

BIO120
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Transcript

  • 1. BR o KEN BONES By Shreeja Basnet
  • 2. Bone Fractures
    • A bone fracture is a break in a bone.
    • All fractures can be described in terms of-
    • Location
    • External Appearance
    • Nature of the break
  • 3. Symptoms of a fracture
    • Pain in the injured area
    • Swelling in the injured area
    • Difficulty in moving the injured area in a normal manner
    • Obvious deformity in the injured area
    • Warmth, bruising, or redness in the injured area
  • 4. Types of Fracture
    • There are many different types of fracture, some of them are:
    • Transverse fracture: horizontal breakage of a bone
    • Hair-line fracture : a crack in a bone
    • Compression fracture: a collapse of a vertebra due to trauma or a weakened vertebra
  • 5. Comminuted Fracture
    • A bone is shattered into multiple pieces
    • Can occur anywhere along the length of the bone
    • Most common in elderly people or people with weakened bone condition
    • Occur as the result of tremendous force, such as a car accident or a severe fall
    • Results in three or more bone fragments
  • 6. Comminuted Fracture
  • 7. Compound Fracture
    • Also called an open fracture
    • A broken bone that penetrates the skin
    • A very significant risk of developing an infection around the fracture because of dirt and bacteria
    • Caused by high energy injuries such as car crashes, falls, or sports injuries
  • 8. Compound Fracture
  • 9. Closed Fracture
    • Also called a simple fracture
    • Break in a bone that does not pierce the skin
    • Surrounding tissues are not seriously damaged
    • Less severe than compound fracture
  • 10. Closed Fracture
  • 11. Healing Process
    • Usually takes four weeks to heal
    • Depends on the age of a person
    • Occurs in four steps-
    • Stage of hematoma
    • Stage of granulation
    • Stage of callus formation
    • Stage of ossification