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FRACTURES
FRACTURES
FRACTURES
FRACTURES
FRACTURES
FRACTURES
FRACTURES
FRACTURES
FRACTURES
FRACTURES
FRACTURES
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FRACTURES

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BIO120 …

BIO120
Presentation #4

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  • 1. BR o KEN BONES By Shreeja Basnet
  • 2. Bone Fractures <ul><li>A bone fracture is a break in a bone. </li></ul><ul><li>All fractures can be described in terms of- </li></ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul><ul><li>External Appearance </li></ul><ul><li>Nature of the break </li></ul>
  • 3. Symptoms of a fracture <ul><li>Pain in the injured area </li></ul><ul><li>Swelling in the injured area </li></ul><ul><li>Difficulty in moving the injured area in a normal manner </li></ul><ul><li>Obvious deformity in the injured area </li></ul><ul><li>Warmth, bruising, or redness in the injured area </li></ul>
  • 4. Types of Fracture <ul><li>There are many different types of fracture, some of them are: </li></ul><ul><li>Transverse fracture: horizontal breakage of a bone </li></ul><ul><li>Hair-line fracture : a crack in a bone </li></ul><ul><li>Compression fracture: a collapse of a vertebra due to trauma or a weakened vertebra </li></ul>
  • 5. Comminuted Fracture <ul><li>A bone is shattered into multiple pieces </li></ul><ul><li>Can occur anywhere along the length of the bone </li></ul><ul><li>Most common in elderly people or people with weakened bone condition </li></ul><ul><li>Occur as the result of tremendous force, such as a car accident or a severe fall </li></ul><ul><li>Results in three or more bone fragments </li></ul>
  • 6. Comminuted Fracture
  • 7. Compound Fracture <ul><li>Also called an open fracture </li></ul><ul><li>A broken bone that penetrates the skin </li></ul><ul><li>A very significant risk of developing an infection around the fracture because of dirt and bacteria </li></ul><ul><li>Caused by high energy injuries such as car crashes, falls, or sports injuries </li></ul>
  • 8. Compound Fracture
  • 9. Closed Fracture <ul><li>Also called a simple fracture </li></ul><ul><li>Break in a bone that does not pierce the skin </li></ul><ul><li>Surrounding tissues are not seriously damaged </li></ul><ul><li>Less severe than compound fracture </li></ul>
  • 10. Closed Fracture
  • 11. Healing Process <ul><li>Usually takes four weeks to heal </li></ul><ul><li>Depends on the age of a person </li></ul><ul><li>Occurs in four steps- </li></ul><ul><li>Stage of hematoma </li></ul><ul><li>Stage of granulation </li></ul><ul><li>Stage of callus formation </li></ul><ul><li>Stage of ossification </li></ul>

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