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Scientific method  acc 2011
Scientific method  acc 2011
Scientific method  acc 2011
Scientific method  acc 2011
Scientific method  acc 2011
Scientific method  acc 2011
Scientific method  acc 2011
Scientific method  acc 2011
Scientific method  acc 2011
Scientific method  acc 2011
Scientific method  acc 2011
Scientific method  acc 2011
Scientific method  acc 2011
Scientific method  acc 2011
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Scientific method acc 2011

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  • 1. Steps of theSteps of the Scientific MethodScientific Method September 10, 2013September 10, 2013
  • 2. ObjectivesObjectives 1.1. Recognize the Steps of the ScientificRecognize the Steps of the Scientific MethodMethod 2.2. Understand the terminology that isUnderstand the terminology that is involvedinvolved 3.3. Use an example problem to workUse an example problem to work through each of the Stepsthrough each of the Steps
  • 3. TheThe ScientificScientific MethodMethod involves ainvolves a series of steps thatseries of steps that are used toare used to investigate ainvestigate a naturalnatural occurrence.occurrence.
  • 4. Problem/QuestionProblem/Question Observation/ResearchObservation/Research Formulate a HypothesisFormulate a Hypothesis ExperimentExperiment Collect and Analyze ResultsCollect and Analyze Results ConclusionConclusion Communicate the ResultsCommunicate the Results
  • 5. Steps of theSteps of the Scientific MethodScientific Method 1.1. Problem/QuestionProblem/Question:: Develop a question or problem thatDevelop a question or problem that can be solved throughcan be solved through experimentation.experimentation.
  • 6. Steps of theSteps of the Scientific MethodScientific Method 2.2. Observation/ResearchObservation/Research:: Make observations and research yourMake observations and research your topic of interest.topic of interest.
  • 7. Steps of theSteps of the Scientific MethodScientific Method 3.3. Formulate a HypothesisFormulate a Hypothesis:: Predict a possible answer to thePredict a possible answer to the problem or question.problem or question. Example:Example: IfIf soil temperaturessoil temperatures rise, thenrise, then plant growthplant growth will increase.will increase.
  • 8. Steps of theSteps of the Scientific MethodScientific Method 4.4. ExperimentExperiment:: Develop and follow aDevelop and follow a procedureprocedure..  Include a detailedInclude a detailed materialsmaterials list.list.  The outcome must be measurableThe outcome must be measurable (quantifiable).(quantifiable).  Include tables, graphs, andInclude tables, graphs, and photographs.photographs.
  • 9. Steps of theSteps of the Scientific MethodScientific Method 5.5. Collect and Analyze ResultsCollect and Analyze Results:: Modify the procedure if needed.Modify the procedure if needed. Confirm the results by retesting.Confirm the results by retesting. Make recommendations for furtherMake recommendations for further study and possible improvements tostudy and possible improvements to the procedure.the procedure.
  • 10. Steps of theSteps of the Scientific MethodScientific Method 6.6. ConclusionConclusion:: Include a statement that accepts orInclude a statement that accepts or rejects the hypothesis.rejects the hypothesis.
  • 11. Steps of theSteps of the Scientific MethodScientific Method 7.7. Communicate the ResultsCommunicate the Results:: Be prepared to present the project toBe prepared to present the project to an audience.an audience.  Expect questions from the audience.Expect questions from the audience.
  • 12. VariablesVariables IndependentIndependent  a factor that’sa factor that’s varied (changed)varied (changed) by theby the experimenter.experimenter. DependentDependent  the factor thatthe factor that may changemay change (measuring) as a(measuring) as a result of changesresult of changes made in themade in the independentindependent variable.variable.
  • 13. Control GroupControl Group  standard of comparison.standard of comparison.  may be a “no treatment" or anmay be a “no treatment" or an “experimenter selected” group.“experimenter selected” group.  exposed to the same conditions as theexposed to the same conditions as the experimental groupexperimental group  except for the variable being tested.except for the variable being tested.
  • 14. ConstantsConstants factors that thefactors that the experimenter attemptsexperimenter attempts to keep the same.to keep the same.

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