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Building bio molecules bio coach

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  • 1. Building Bio Molecules Pearson BioCoach Activity http://www.phschool.com/science/biology_place/biocoach/biokit/intro.html Concept 1: CHNOPS: The Six Most Abundant Elements of Life 1. By what bond do most biomolecules form? List the 6 most abundant elements found in biomolecules. Concept 2: Valence and Covalent Bonding 2. What is the valence of each of these elements? Draw their stick models. Concept 3: Organic Molecules: Hydrocarbons 3. What is special about Carbon? 4. Name the element studied in Organic Chemistry. 5. Describe what a hydrocarbon is, give an example, draw its stick model. Concept 4: Isomers 6. Describe an Isomer, give an example. 7. Name and give the differences between the 3 types of isomers. Concept 5: Polarity 8. How is polarity and covalent bonding related? 9. What is electronegativity? 10. Draw stick molecule of water showing it’s charges. Concept 6: The Functional Groups 11. Fill out the following chart for each of the functional groups: Group name Symbol Description Example Other info Complete self quiz: Put answers below: 1______, 2_______, 3_______, 4_______, 5_______, 6_______, 7______, 8______
  • 2. Properties of Bio Molecules Pearson BioCoach Activity http://www.phschool.com/science/biology_place/biocoach/bioprop/intro.html Concept 1: Monomers and Polymers 1. Describe a monomer and polymer. 2. Polymer can be synonymous with what? 3. What is the process called that links monomers together? How does this happen? 4. What is the reverse process called? 5. Draw a simple diagram of both drawing and labeling important parts. Concept 2: Classes of Biomolecules 6. Name the four types of monomers with the polymers they form 7. Which monomer is an exception to the rule for forming polymers? Concept 3: Lipids 8. What is the main property of a lipid? 9. Give some examples. 10. What is unique to lipids 11. List the function of lipids to biological systems Concept 4: Carbohydrates 12. Where does the name carbohydrate come from? 13. Draw a mono, di, and polysaccharide. 14. List the functions of carbohydrates Concept 5: Protein 15. Why are proteins considered macromolecules? 16. Give some examples. 17. List the roles proteins play. Concept 6: Nucleic Acids 18. Draw the stick model of a nucleotide. Label and describe its parts. 19. What are the two types of nucleic acids and their functions. Complete self quiz: Put answers below: 1______, 2_______, 3_______, 4_______, 5_______, 6_______, 7______, 8______, 9_______, 10_______, 11______, 12_______, 13_______, 14_______, 15________, 16________, 17________