On October 23rd, 2014, we updated our
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The Web (email and associated technologies are disruptive)
Short term disruption; long term gain
The Innovator's Dilemma
Disruptive Innovation: The Internet, the Web, e-business
The impact of the internet – as a disruptive technology - has already transformed our world
Email: Over 40 Billion sent daily
Texting: Number sent and received every day exceeds the total population of the planet
Google: Nearing 100 Billion searches per month
Revenues for iconic Web 1.0 Companies
Amazon.com $10.7 Billion in 2006
E-Bay.com $5.97 Billion in 2006
Digital Content: In 2006, amount created was about 3 Million times more than all the information that is in all the books ever written
e-Commerce: In 2006, more than 85% of the world’s online population (875 Million consumers) has used the Internet to make a purchase—online shopping market up 40% in the past two years
Web 2.0, 3DI & more….. Web 2.0 Virtual Worlds SOA Mashups Mobile Devices Social Software Blogs Folksonomy Web Analytics Software as a Service Wikis Mobile 2.0 3D Internet Telepresence The next major wave of disruptive change… Wisdom of crowds Micro-blogging Semantic Web Micro-payments
IBM PartnerJam Web 1.0 Web 1.5 Web 2.0 Web 2.5 Web 3.0 IBM PartnerWorld Email Static web pages Evolution of the Web Moving towards more Web 2.0 Towards Web 2.5 Web 2.0 : coined by O'Reilly Media in 2003, refers to a perceived second generation of web-based communities and hosted services — such as social-networking sites, wikis and folksonomies — which facilitate collaboration and sharing between users. It refers to changes in the ways software developers and end-users use the web as a platform . -Wikipedia Web 3.0 is a term that has been coined with different meanings to describe the evolution of Web usage and interaction among several separate paths. These include transforming the Web into a database , a move towards making content accessible by multiple non-browser applications , the leveraging of artificial intelligence technologies , the Semantic web, or the Geospatial Web. - Wikipedia Lotus Notes Team rooms COBRA IBM Blogs developerWorks Spaces Developer’s Conference Blogs
What is Web 2.0?*
User generated content/User driven
Self policing – not anarchy
Peer communication and interaction
Low Barriers to Use
Social Capital Utilization
Connecting people with information
Attract people first then monetize later
Participants bring value
Web 2.0 is not described by the technologies, but by the concepts or attributes. Definition of Social Computing : A social structure in which technology puts power in communities , not institutions. – Forrester Research Web 2.0 Attributes *For more details on what is Web 2.0, please refer to ‘The Power of Web 2.0 Business Models’ by Pauline Ores To paraphrase Thomas Power: “ The value is in the Connections” “ Web 1.0 is a channel, Web 2.0 is a platform ” – Professor Andrew McAfee, Harvard Business School Regarding “Web 2.0”: “ This Web 2.0 era isn’t really about tagging or sharing photos or bookmarks any more than Web 1.0 was about buying pet food online or reading news online. It is about the emergent property of collaboration that happens when a critical mass of people (or things) is interconnected and the technologies that facilitate collaboration.” – Peter Rip, General Partner, Crosslink Capital
Why Web 2.0 is Important for IBM
Using Web 2.0 to connect with partners and customers has ROI :
Sales (indirectly) – you have a presence in the information gathering stage
It will allow IBM to remain competitive in the market because our competition is using it too
The influence of information on a Web 2.0 platform is becoming significant.
Peer reviews have always been important in purchasing decisions
With Web 2.0, user opinions and reviews are even more prevalent
52% of technology buyers surveyed state that Wikis influence their decision-making . -KnowledgeStorm, Emerging Media Series: Online Video, Social Networks, & Wikis, November 2006 53% of technology buyers surveyed say that blog content has already influenced a technology purchase decision . Also….. 57% of surveyed technology buyers rated blogs equally as or more credible than more traditional forms of media such as news outlets, industry publications, vendor white papers, analyst reports and industry or professional associations. -KnowledgeStorm, Emerging Media Series: Blogs & RSS, September 2006 More than 93% of technology buyers surveyed considered the information they found online to be of greater (49%) or equal (45%) value to the content they received through other means such as publications and events. -KnowledgeStorm, How Technology Marketers Meet Buyers’ Appetite for Content, March 2007
What does Web 2.0 mean for IBM?
Web 2.0 use within the industry/enterprise is inevitable , unavoidable and advancing.
What’s driving this growth?
Changing demographics – Digital Natives (people who grew up with the web) are beginning to enter the marketplace and workplace in force. They come with high technology expectations as both consumers and employees.
Consumerization – a phenomenon where consumer technologies and consumer behavior drives innovation in IT products and practices. As people become more comfortable with technology innovation in their personal lives, they demand it in their professional lives.
Both changing demographics and consumerization of IT are driving the growth of the Web 2.0 platform. We need to be optimally positioned to be responsive and remain competitive .
IBM is a product/service/results focused company when the focus is shifting to people
IBM’s workforce doesn’t have the number of these younger, ‘digital natives’ as many of our competitors do
We’ve given up our roots in consumer products and technologies which makes IBM less sensitive to new trends
We have to put extra effort into making this work because of these factors
“ Today, more than 85 percent of a typical S&P 500 company’s market value is the result of intangible assets. For many companies, the bulk of these intangible assets is its people , its human capital. It is no longer what you own that counts but what you know…” — Craig Symons, Forrester Research, Inc. "By 2010, marketers who successfully use customer-created content as part of their marketing efforts will increase conversion rates with prospects and established customers by an average of 25% . ” - Gartner's Top Predictions for IT Organizations and Users, 2007 and Beyond, Dec 2006 “ Enterprises can derive substantial business benefits from web 2.0 practices and technologies, especially when managed as corporate assets.” – Gartner Group
This new wave of Web 2.0 disruptive technology is transforming all aspects of our consumer experience
MySpace: over 175 Million members; over 67 Billion page views per month
Facebook: over 75 Million active members; over 15 Billion page views per month
YouTube: Tracks around 16 billion page views per month
Second Life: 9.5 Million registrations (logins created); 91,000 premium users (users who pay for land)
Twitter – Not just for consumers any more:
The Los Angeles Fire Department
USA presidential candidates Ron Paul, John Edwards, Barack Obama
In China, there are 100,000 new broadband users everyday
Mobile devices outnumber desktop computers by a factor of two
The three software patterns driving Web 2.0 Web 2.0
Value on demand
Low cost of entry
Software as a SERVICE Service, not software COMMUNITY mechanisms
Social networking features
Community rights management
Users add value SIMPLE user interface and data services
Responsive UIs (AJAX)
Feeds (Atom, RSS)
Mashups (REST APIs)
Easy to use, easy to remix
Enterprise 2.0 (IBM Global Innovation Outlook 2.0) http://domino.watson.ibm.com/comm/www_innovate.nsf/pages/world.gio.html Current State Future State Most value created by regular, long-term employees More fluid workforce, with much more of our value created with clients, partners, vendors, and alumni Workers identify with firm Workers identify with peers Work centers around the organization Work centers around the endeavor Career is tied to organization Career is tied to reputation and credited achievements Firm defined by who is in it and the value it creates Firm is defined by why it exists and the clients it serves Brand is managed and controlled by the organization Brand based on the experience created and the activities of those who affiliate with the firm The firm’s structure is defined and roles and skills are specified The firm’s structure and workforce roles constantly emerge and recombine The firm is defined by knowledge assets The firm is defined by the knowledge of the workforce
Why should you care about Web 2.0? You can measure the ROI of Web 2.0 across a variety of sources. Here’s an example of how IBM benefited from Web 2.0 with its Enterprise Tagging Services (ETS), which:
Allows users to tag pages in the IBM intranet
Is integrated with enterprise search to significantly reduce search time
Improved growth through innovation
Broadened the collective intelligence to drive innovation
Cut search time by an average of 12 seconds
With 286,584 search visits per week, saved 955 hours
At US$100 per hour , 40 hours per week and 48 weeks per year, gained US$4.6 million in productivity
Avoided US$2.4 million in costs through the reusability of the ETS widget
Increased empowerment of key resources
Enabled better use of key experts and content across the organization
Uncovered information with an estimated value of US$500,000 per year
Changing Nature of Work Changes Needs
Work environments are more complex
Work is increasingly collaborative
More ad hoc projects
Work demands more social capital
Differentiation starts with an idea (not always from the CEO)
“ Today, more than 85 percent of a typical S&P 500 company’s market value is the result of intangible assets. For many companies, the bulk of these intangible assets is its people, its human capital. It is no longer what you own that counts but what you know…” — Craig Symons, Forrester Research, Inc. To paraphrase Thomas Power: “ The value is in the Connections”
Business is Evolving
Informal Work Domains:
Outside organisational boundaries
Formal Work Domains:
Operations, Performance Mgmt
Procurement, Marketing, Sales, Manufacturing, …
Define organisational boundaries
Rigid, Hard to Change
From Hierarchies … and Teams … to add Networked Communities
Defined Work Domains:
Communities of Practice
Cross organisational boundaries
Social Network Analysis Exploration & Production Explorations Williams Drilling Taylor Production Stock Senior Vice President Jones G & G Cohen Petrophysical Cross Production O’Brien Reservoir Shapiro Paine Smith Andrews Moore Hughes Miller Ramirez Bell Cole Hussain Kelly Sen From Hierarchies and Teams … to Networked Communities Extended Community who leverage Cole’s knowledge to do their jobs
How to extend that community?
How to help the community to operate more effectively ?
How to better leverage Cole’s knowledge & skills?
How to capture Cole’s knowledge for the future?
Social Network Analysis Paine Smith Moore Hughes Miller Ramirez Bell Cole Hussain Kelly Sen Cohen Jones Cross Taylor Williams Shapiro O’Brien Stock Andrews Paine Hughes Miller Bell Cole Hussain Cohen Taylor Williams Shapiro Andrews
Capture the wisdom of the retiring crowd, while attracting and retaining a younger workforce 19% of the entire American workforce holding executive, administrative and managerial positions will retire in the next five years Source: Beazley, et. al, Continuity Management, Mackay, Alan. “Mature Age Workers: Sustaining Out Future Labor Force.” An Ageless Workforce - Opportunities for Business' Symposium Conference Paper. August 27, 2003. www.ageing.health.gov.au/ofoa/wllplan/aawpapers.htm , Time to act quickly on aging.” The Japan Times Online. August 23, 2002 www.japantimes.co.jp/cgi-bin/getarticle.pl5?ed20020823a1.htm , A. Paulli, “Pension systems and gradual retirement in Italy”, September 2000, p.17 In the year 2000, there were more people receiving pensions in Italy (22 million) than people working (21 million) Within the next seven years, over 33 million individuals in Japan (26% of the population) are expected to be over 65 years old. By 2016, the number of individuals aged 60-64 in Australia is expected to almost double How do we Capture the Knowledge and Pass on the Skills of those workers before they leave? Fast to learn Eager to gain knowledge Highly IT literate Used to Social Networking Source of knowledge Highly skilled Valued mentors Motivated to Communicate Stressed Overworked Time constrained Need Help! & Help the Age Workforce Transfer Knowledge
Each Generation in the Workplace comes with its own Experiences and Expectations Source: Lancaster, L.C. and Stillman, D. When Generations Collide: Who They Are. Why They Clash. How to Solve the Generational Puzzle at Work . Wheaton, IL. Harper Business, 2003. Classroom The hard way Top down Hierarchical Unwise Team informed Get out of the way Unsure Once per year Sets me back Seeks approval Command & control No news is good news Uncomfortable Too much and I’ll leave Hub & spoke Horizontal Coach Weekly/daily Unable to work without it Necessary Part of my daily routine Unfathomable if not provided On demand Partner Team decided Collaborative Collaborative Collaborative & networked Continuous & expected Facilitated Guarded Team included Independent Independent Required to keep me Traditionalist Boomer Gen X Gen Y Training Learning style Communication style Problem-solving Decision-making Leadership style Feedback Technology use Job changing
Taking advantage of Web 2.0 to grow your business
Retail: more trustworthy transactions eBay reputation-based selling Seller reputation is founded on buyer reputations
Retail: more trustworthy transactions Reviews and ratings Consumer Reviews Trust: Reviewer history Offering preview includes ratings
Entertainment: more effective personalization Recommendations – based on your ratings Movies are recommended based on what you’ve enjoyed in the past
Government: leverage the wisdom of crowds Community patent review The public can see patent applications before they are finalized, giving a chance to comment on claims or submit prior art
Finance: leverage the wisdom of crowds Tax guide emerging from the “wisdom of crowds” This tax guide is a wiki, written by volunteer experts
The United Nation’s (UN) World Urban Forum (WUF) and government of Canada engaged IBM to sponsor HabitatJam to help set the agenda for WUF3, the biannual conference on urban sustainability.
HabitatJam – the largest brainstorming ever on urban sustainability
39,000 participants from 191 countries
Delegates, Politicans, Academics, Aid Organizations, & Slum Dwellers (whose lives would ultimately be impacted)
On-the-ground events – Jam cafes – brought together thousands of slum dwellers (people who had never seen a computer):
Kibera, Kenya: Hundreds of slum dwellers lined up for hours to have their messages typed into a computer
Delhi, India: 10,000+ people gathered in slums to express their views and discuss the problems of the world's cities.
Similar events were held in Russia, the Congo, Colombia, Cameroon, Brazil, Uruguay, Peru and Bangladesh.
Foster rapid, collaborative innovation in the enterprise Example: IBM Jams: Collaborative Innovation
Real Estate: greater transparency through data mashups This example is a “mashup” of data from local deed registrars and real estate listings
Government: expose data for greater impact Mapping avian flu data Declan Butler (a reporter for Nature) is mapping H5N1 news reports onto Google Earth and posting them on his blog
IBM social networking at work at Cardiff University Improves research agenda with IBM Lotus Connections software
Improve overall employee productivity by allowing faculty to tap into the vast amount of knowledge and skills across the university
An enterprise-wide directory service based on IBM Lotus Connections software that:
Enables researchers and staff to search for skills, projects, teams and knowledge throughout the institution
Allows users to locate information quickly, interact with people in realtime and advance research projects through collaboration
Increased collaboration across previously isolated schools and faculties
Improved the university experience of faculty and students
Enhanced teaching methods and materials
Increased efficiencies in research projects and grant management
IBM Mashup Center at work at Boeing
Purpose: enable U.S. Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) officials to quickly identify the nearest airport that can safely handle an incoming aircraft for emergency response
Created by IBM and Boeing to demonstrate next-generation aviation capabilities
Draws from existing data and systems to enable officials to react to unexpected events
Built within three weeks and delivered to the FAA, the U.S. Department of Defense and the U.S. Department of Homeland Security
“ As an established innovator, Boeing believes in the power of Web 2.0 and embraces it not only for collaborative work, but also for the heavy lifting of enterprise planning and execution. IBM Mashup Center is playing a key role in our visionary approach to strategic asset management. It's critical to know where your major assets are and how to use them at any given time, situation or condition.” — Paul Comitz, Boeing, IBM press release, June 5, 2008 Boeing Air Traffic Management
Entertainment: communication through popular media Public contribution of photos and videos Most news channels (and a few others) are seeking contributions from the general public, in the style of YouTube
Advertising: communication through popular media Dorito’s social marketing experiment Superbowl commercials were produced by amateurs at very low cost
Lotus Connections Accelerates Project Execution Needed to improve productivity when working with contractors and partners across the US on education curriculums. Challenge
Built strong relationships across several art archival and preservation organizations
Improved communication and status tracking of projects
Accelerated the delivery of education curriculums created by a disconnected teams
Business Value Using the Activities component of Lotus Connections so their entire network of employees, partners and customers can collaborate on the execution of projects. Solution Small Non-Profit Arts Organization Film Foundation
Collaboration 2.0 available to 500K of us
Profile : 515k profiles on bluepages; 6.4M+ searches per week
Communities : 1,800+ online communities w/147k members and 1M+ messages
WikiCentral : 25K+ wikis with 320K+ unique readers
Search satisfaction has increased by 50% with a productivity driven savings of $4.5M per year
$700K savings per month in reduced travel
Significant reduction in phonemail, email server costs
Social Software in Action at IBM Return on Investment
Embrace your customers Example: Intuit – Consumer product, professional & early adopter community users helping each other
Embrace your customers Example: Patientslikeme – Patients helping each other & the medical community
Provides a specialized social network forum for patients that suffer from life altering diseases
Patients sharing their information, knowledge and experience & offering each other support
Consolidates personal accounts and tracks progress
For Doctors, Researchers, Pharma, Medical companies:
Provides Researchers insight & access to patient communities
Provides Doctors insight to how peers are approaching a particular ailment and medication (e.g., . distribution of dosage range, side effect frequencies)
Sources: company website, http://money.cnn.com/magazines/business2/business2_archive/2007/09/01/100169862/index.htm
HOW DOES THIS ALL WORK?
Taking advantage of Web 2.0 to grow your business
Discovery of Expertise and Knowledge Discovery
Start with a person, or…
How do I search for Expertise or Knowedge?
start with a topic
Start your search with a person, from Lotus Notes…
… or from Outlook…
… or Lotus Sametime…
… or Microsoft Office…
… or Lotus Quickr…
… or Microsoft SharePoint… Instructions for this custom integration can be found at: http://www.ibm.com/developerworks/lotus/library/connections-microsoft/
… or WebSphere Portal…
… or RIM BlackBerry…
… or a Profiles search for an expert
Then “absorb” that person’s Profile...
… and “pivot” to their Blog, Communities, Bookmarks, Activities…
Introducing Lotus Connections
Lotus Connections is social software for business that empowers you to be more effective and innovative by building dynamic networks of coworkers, partners and customers
Communities Blogs Dogear Activities Profiles
People are key to my business. How can Connections help me find expertise and build a social network ?
Profiles: Build and Stay In Touch With Your Network Expanded customized profile data fields and views for your organization Aggregate social data in one place for others to easily discover your work Identify, develop and maintain a professional network with colleagues Tag your colleagues and easily find them, search on them, and keep in touch with them
How do you chat over lunch when your colleagues are spread around the world? How can you share information , get to know each other and find out how they can help you to do your job ?
Blogs: A Better Way to Share Your Knowledge Additional information such as number of comments and entries related to blogs Easily identify blog entries with the most recommendations and visits Advanced sorting options to allow you to better manage information Tags to assisting in finding relevant information
Information is all over the place. How can Lotus Connections help me be more effective at finding information that is valuable and relevant ?
Dogear: Share and Discover Information Flag a broken URL to alert the owner that a web site may be off-line Notify your colleagues of interesting web sites Filter the information relevant to your interests Stay updated and get notified when new information is available
People are key to growth. How can Connections help me reach out to customers, partners, and my employees to drive innovation into my business?
Communities: Find Those With a Common Interest Aggregates information from across Lotus Connections and external resources Access to external community collaboration tools like wikis, teamrooms, chat Discuss with subject matter experts, ask questions and share your knowledge Allows you to address the community in external applications, like email
Business is constantly changing. How can Connections help me work more effectively and share best practices ?
Activities: The Important Thing You Need To Do… Plan resources to guide work, respond and take action Improves your ability to track critical information and people Leverage best practices through activity templates Organize your activities in personalized views
… Get Them Done the Way You Like to Work Group activity entries together in customizable sections Group relevant information together under main entries Easily access related information in Lotus Quickr library and support publishing files to a Lotus Quickr library Support custom activity properties
Social data is ever expanding. How can Connections help me keep track of it all ?
The Home Page: Bring It All Together Aggregates relevant social data throughout Connections Improves your ability to track and discover critical information and people Eases management of your incoming requests and tasks Provides faster access to your rapidly expanding network Composed of widgets that can be used in other web applications, including custom pages or mashups Cross-Connections Search
I won’t change the way I work. How can I use Connections without leaving the tools I use most?
Connections: Follows You In Context
Improve the ability to use and customize the Lotus Connections business card in other applications
Allow Communities to leverage Lotus Sametime Advanced for real time collaboration
Lotus Quickr integrated into Communities and Activities
Microsoft Outlook integration
Integration with other applications
Understand your Business Social Network
“ Finding someone who might be able to help”
Social network analysis and visualisation
Degrees of separation
Find Contacts by Topic
“ Connectedness” as a metric for success of social software
Research shows that people with larger contact networks obtain higher-paying positions than people with small networks Atlas for Lotus Connections
Something to think about - How do you work?
Get an answer to a question
Ask for advice
Bounce off an idea
Get another opinion
The reality is that:
There is too much information for us to manage it by ourselves
Information from people is richer
We all need to connect and feel connected
Think about how often you connect with someone to: 1% create content "creators" 9% enrich content " contributors" 90% consume content "lurkers” It’s all good!
Why should you care about Web 2.0? (continued)
Companies are investing in Web 2.0 to increase their competitive advantage
Source: McKinsey Quarterly Survey on Web 2.0, July 2008. 1. Forrester, Global Enterprise Web 2.0 Market Forecast: 2007 To 2013, G. Oliver Young, April 21, 2008. 2 Gartner , Hype Cycle for Emerging Technologies, July 2008. 3 Economist Intelligence Unit Survey, January 2007. Forrester projects significant adoption of Web 2.0, saying that enterprise spending on Web 2.0 is expected to grow from US$764 million in 2008 to US$4.6 billion in 2013. 1 Gartner ranks Web 2.0 as a transformational trend in the short term—less than two years. 2 Twenty-two percent of organizations surveyed are using mashups now. An additional 42 percent plan to use mashups within two years. 3 Web 2.0 adoption trends 21% 24% 24% 23% 27% 34% 33% 32% 29% 28% Blogs RSS Wikis Podcasts Social networking 2007 2008
Summary - Use social networks to create solutions
Innovative technologies are opening up an entirely new dimension to integrating an ecosystem – a long establish solution strategy
Solutions require better integration across business partners to meet client needs.
Social networks, enabled by innovative technologies, are critical components for creating these web-based solutions driving value in key areas:
Building loyalty, trust and camaraderie in an increasingly mobile and global marketplace
Fostering innovative discussion and support among online communities with committed participants, expert users and early adopters
Creating advocates for the company in the increasingly transparent world of the social web, where information and misinformation disperses instantaneously.
Our analysis identified 55% of sampled large enterprises and 37% of start-ups are exploring Web 2.0 through social networks & corresponding ecosystems
Summary – Use Web 2.0 for business advantage
More trustworthy transactions
More effective personalization
Increased sense of community
Extended reach through open data access
Improved service through feedback methods
Summary: The Value of Social Software for Business Questions? Thank You [email_address] Facebook: sandeep.bakhshi Twitter: sbakhshi Web 2.0 is Us(ing)/Us Complete Tasks Faster Execute with Confidence Grow through Innovation Empower People