• Share
  • Email
  • Embed
  • Like
  • Save
  • Private Content
Layout types
 

Layout types

on

  • 39,883 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
39,883
Views on SlideShare
39,876
Embed Views
7

Actions

Likes
4
Downloads
541
Comments
3

2 Embeds 7

http://pcte-bba-pom-ssb.blogspot.in 4
http://pcte-bba-pom-ssb.blogspot.com 3

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel

13 of 3 previous next Post a comment

  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Layout types Layout types Presentation Transcript

    • Basic Layout Types
      • Product Layouts
      • Process Layouts
      • Fixed-Position
      • Combination Layouts
      • Just In Time Layout
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Basic Layout Types
      • Product Layout
        • Layout that uses standardized processing operations to achieve smooth, rapid, high-volume flow
      • Process Layout
        • Layout that can handle varied processing requirements
      • Fixed Position Layout
        • Layout in which the product or project remains stationary, and workers, materials, and equipment are moved as needed
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Product Layouts
      • Operations are arranged in the sequence required to make the product
      • Used when the operations system must handle a narrow variety of products in relatively high volumes
    • Product Layout Product A Product B Product C Step 1 Step 1 Step 1 Step 2 Step 2 Step 2 Step 3 Step 3 Step 3 Step 4 Step 4 Step 4 7-14 Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Characteristics of Product Layouts
      • Special-purpose equipment are used
      • Changeover is expensive and lengthy
      • Material flow approaches continuous
      • Material handling equipment is fixed
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Characteristics of Product Layouts
      • Little direct supervision is required
      • Planning, scheduling and controlling functions are relatively straight-forward
      • Production time for a unit is relatively short
      • In-process inventory is relatively low
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Process Layouts
      • Equipment that perform similar processes are grouped together
      • Used when the operations system must handle a wide variety of products in relatively small volumes (i.e., flexibility is necessary)
    • Traditional Process Layout Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Characteristics of Process Layouts
      • General-purpose equipment is used
      • Changeover is rapid
      • Material handling equipment is flexible
      • Operators are highly skilled
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Characteristics of Process Layouts
      • Technical supervision is required
      • Planning, scheduling and controlling functions are challenging
      • Production time is relatively long
      • In-process inventory is relatively high
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Cellular Manufacturing (CM) Layouts
      • Operations required to produce a particular family (group) of parts are arranged in the sequence required to make that family
      • Intermediate between product & process layout
      • Used when the operations system must handle a moderate variety of products in moderate volumes
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Characteristics of CM Relative to Process Layouts
      • Equipment can be less general-purpose
      • Material handling costs are reduced
      • Training periods for operators are shortened
      • In-process inventory is lower
      • Parts can be made faster and shipped more quickly
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Characteristics of CM Relative to a Product Layout
      • Equipment can be less special-purpose
      • Changeovers are simplified
      • Production is easier to automate
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Fixed-Position Layouts
      • Product remains in a fixed position, and the personnel, material and equipment come to it
      • Used when the product is very bulky, large, heavy or fragile
    • JUST IN TIME LAYOUT
      • Producing & delivering the right items at the right time
      • Technique to reduce inventory
      • Use of resources appropriately
      • Flow line is in sequence
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa