Layout types
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Layout types Presentation Transcript

  • 1. Basic Layout Types
    • Product Layouts
    • Process Layouts
    • Fixed-Position
    • Combination Layouts
    • Just In Time Layout
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 2. Basic Layout Types
    • Product Layout
      • Layout that uses standardized processing operations to achieve smooth, rapid, high-volume flow
    • Process Layout
      • Layout that can handle varied processing requirements
    • Fixed Position Layout
      • Layout in which the product or project remains stationary, and workers, materials, and equipment are moved as needed
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 3. Product Layouts
    • Operations are arranged in the sequence required to make the product
    • Used when the operations system must handle a narrow variety of products in relatively high volumes
  • 4. Product Layout Product A Product B Product C Step 1 Step 1 Step 1 Step 2 Step 2 Step 2 Step 3 Step 3 Step 3 Step 4 Step 4 Step 4 7-14 Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 5. Characteristics of Product Layouts
    • Special-purpose equipment are used
    • Changeover is expensive and lengthy
    • Material flow approaches continuous
    • Material handling equipment is fixed
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 6. Characteristics of Product Layouts
    • Little direct supervision is required
    • Planning, scheduling and controlling functions are relatively straight-forward
    • Production time for a unit is relatively short
    • In-process inventory is relatively low
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 7. Process Layouts
    • Equipment that perform similar processes are grouped together
    • Used when the operations system must handle a wide variety of products in relatively small volumes (i.e., flexibility is necessary)
  • 8. Traditional Process Layout Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 9. Characteristics of Process Layouts
    • General-purpose equipment is used
    • Changeover is rapid
    • Material handling equipment is flexible
    • Operators are highly skilled
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 10. Characteristics of Process Layouts
    • Technical supervision is required
    • Planning, scheduling and controlling functions are challenging
    • Production time is relatively long
    • In-process inventory is relatively high
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 11. Cellular Manufacturing (CM) Layouts
    • Operations required to produce a particular family (group) of parts are arranged in the sequence required to make that family
    • Intermediate between product & process layout
    • Used when the operations system must handle a moderate variety of products in moderate volumes
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 12. Characteristics of CM Relative to Process Layouts
    • Equipment can be less general-purpose
    • Material handling costs are reduced
    • Training periods for operators are shortened
    • In-process inventory is lower
    • Parts can be made faster and shipped more quickly
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 13. Characteristics of CM Relative to a Product Layout
    • Equipment can be less special-purpose
    • Changeovers are simplified
    • Production is easier to automate
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 14. Fixed-Position Layouts
    • Product remains in a fixed position, and the personnel, material and equipment come to it
    • Used when the product is very bulky, large, heavy or fragile
  • 15. JUST IN TIME LAYOUT
    • Producing & delivering the right items at the right time
    • Technique to reduce inventory
    • Use of resources appropriately
    • Flow line is in sequence
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa