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Layout intro

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Transcript

  • 1.
    • Layout : Layout involves the allocation of space and the arrangement of equipment in such a manner that the overall operating costs are minimized.
    Plant Layout Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 2. Locate All Areas In and Around Buildings
    • Equipment
    • Work stations
    • Material storage
    • Rest/break areas
    • Utilities
    • Eating areas
    • Aisles
    • Offices
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 3. Characteristics of the Facility Layout Decision
    • Location of these various areas impacts the flow through the system.
    • The layout can affect productivity and costs generated by the system.
    • Layout alternatives are limited by
      • the amount and type of space required for the various areas
      • the amount and type of space available
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 4. Objectives of the Lay out Strategy
    • Develop an economical layout which will meet the requirements of:
    • product design and volume (product strategy)
    • Process equipment and capacity (process strategy)
    • quality of work life (human resource strategy)
    • building and site constraints (location strategy)
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 5. Requirements of a Good Layout
    • A good layout requires:
    • an understanding of capacity & space requirements
    • selection of appropriate material handling equipment
    • decisions regarding environment
    • identification and understanding of the requirements for information flow
    • identification of the cost of moving between the various work areas
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 6. The Need for Layout Decisions Inefficient operations For Example: High Cost Bottlenecks Changes in the design of products or services The introduction of new products or services Accidents Safety hazards
  • 7. The Need for Layout Designs (Cont’d) Changes in environmental or other legal requirements Changes in volume of output or mix of products Changes in methods and equipment Morale problems
  • 8.
    • Requires substantial investments of money and effort
    • Involves long-term commitments
    • Has significant impact on cost and efficiency of short-term operations
    Importance of Layout Decisions Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 9. Advantages Of A Good Layout
    • To the worker
    • In manufacturing costs
    • In production control & Supervision
    • Optimum utilization
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 10. To the worker
    • Lesser number of operations & material handling
    • More labor productivity
    • More safety and security to workers
    • Better working conditions resulting improved efficiency
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 11. In Manufacturing Costs
    • Maintenance & replacement costs are reduced
    • Loss due to wastage & spoilage is minimized
    • Better cost control
    • Improved quality of product with reduction in handling
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 12. In Production Control & Supervision
    • Provide more space for production operations
    • Better and convenient storage facilities
    • Results in less inspection activity
    • Control and supervision operations are provided at appropriate points
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  • 13. Optimum Utilization
    • Efficient use of machines
    • Per unit production time is minimized
    • Effective utilization of floor space
    Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa