Layout intro


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Layout intro

  1. 1. <ul><li>Layout : Layout involves the allocation of space and the arrangement of equipment in such a manner that the overall operating costs are minimized. </li></ul>Plant Layout Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  2. 2. Locate All Areas In and Around Buildings <ul><li>Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Work stations </li></ul><ul><li>Material storage </li></ul><ul><li>Rest/break areas </li></ul><ul><li>Utilities </li></ul><ul><li>Eating areas </li></ul><ul><li>Aisles </li></ul><ul><li>Offices </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  3. 3. Characteristics of the Facility Layout Decision <ul><li>Location of these various areas impacts the flow through the system. </li></ul><ul><li>The layout can affect productivity and costs generated by the system. </li></ul><ul><li>Layout alternatives are limited by </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the amount and type of space required for the various areas </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the amount and type of space available </li></ul></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  4. 4. Objectives of the Lay out Strategy <ul><li>Develop an economical layout which will meet the requirements of: </li></ul><ul><li>product design and volume (product strategy) </li></ul><ul><li>Process equipment and capacity (process strategy) </li></ul><ul><li>quality of work life (human resource strategy) </li></ul><ul><li>building and site constraints (location strategy) </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  5. 5. Requirements of a Good Layout <ul><li>A good layout requires: </li></ul><ul><li>an understanding of capacity & space requirements </li></ul><ul><li>selection of appropriate material handling equipment </li></ul><ul><li>decisions regarding environment </li></ul><ul><li>identification and understanding of the requirements for information flow </li></ul><ul><li>identification of the cost of moving between the various work areas </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  6. 6. The Need for Layout Decisions Inefficient operations For Example: High Cost Bottlenecks Changes in the design of products or services The introduction of new products or services Accidents Safety hazards
  7. 7. The Need for Layout Designs (Cont’d) Changes in environmental or other legal requirements Changes in volume of output or mix of products Changes in methods and equipment Morale problems
  8. 8. <ul><li>Requires substantial investments of money and effort </li></ul><ul><li>Involves long-term commitments </li></ul><ul><li>Has significant impact on cost and efficiency of short-term operations </li></ul>Importance of Layout Decisions Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  9. 9. Advantages Of A Good Layout <ul><li>To the worker </li></ul><ul><li>In manufacturing costs </li></ul><ul><li>In production control & Supervision </li></ul><ul><li>Optimum utilization </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  10. 10. To the worker <ul><li>Lesser number of operations & material handling </li></ul><ul><li>More labor productivity </li></ul><ul><li>More safety and security to workers </li></ul><ul><li>Better working conditions resulting improved efficiency </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  11. 11. In Manufacturing Costs <ul><li>Maintenance & replacement costs are reduced </li></ul><ul><li>Loss due to wastage & spoilage is minimized </li></ul><ul><li>Better cost control </li></ul><ul><li>Improved quality of product with reduction in handling </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  12. 12. In Production Control & Supervision <ul><li>Provide more space for production operations </li></ul><ul><li>Better and convenient storage facilities </li></ul><ul><li>Results in less inspection activity </li></ul><ul><li>Control and supervision operations are provided at appropriate points </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
  13. 13. Optimum Utilization <ul><li>Efficient use of machines </li></ul><ul><li>Per unit production time is minimized </li></ul><ul><li>Effective utilization of floor space </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
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