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Layout intro






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    Layout intro Layout intro Presentation Transcript

      • Layout : Layout involves the allocation of space and the arrangement of equipment in such a manner that the overall operating costs are minimized.
      Plant Layout Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Locate All Areas In and Around Buildings
      • Equipment
      • Work stations
      • Material storage
      • Rest/break areas
      • Utilities
      • Eating areas
      • Aisles
      • Offices
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Characteristics of the Facility Layout Decision
      • Location of these various areas impacts the flow through the system.
      • The layout can affect productivity and costs generated by the system.
      • Layout alternatives are limited by
        • the amount and type of space required for the various areas
        • the amount and type of space available
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Objectives of the Lay out Strategy
      • Develop an economical layout which will meet the requirements of:
      • product design and volume (product strategy)
      • Process equipment and capacity (process strategy)
      • quality of work life (human resource strategy)
      • building and site constraints (location strategy)
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Requirements of a Good Layout
      • A good layout requires:
      • an understanding of capacity & space requirements
      • selection of appropriate material handling equipment
      • decisions regarding environment
      • identification and understanding of the requirements for information flow
      • identification of the cost of moving between the various work areas
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • The Need for Layout Decisions Inefficient operations For Example: High Cost Bottlenecks Changes in the design of products or services The introduction of new products or services Accidents Safety hazards
    • The Need for Layout Designs (Cont’d) Changes in environmental or other legal requirements Changes in volume of output or mix of products Changes in methods and equipment Morale problems
      • Requires substantial investments of money and effort
      • Involves long-term commitments
      • Has significant impact on cost and efficiency of short-term operations
      Importance of Layout Decisions Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Advantages Of A Good Layout
      • To the worker
      • In manufacturing costs
      • In production control & Supervision
      • Optimum utilization
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • To the worker
      • Lesser number of operations & material handling
      • More labor productivity
      • More safety and security to workers
      • Better working conditions resulting improved efficiency
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • In Manufacturing Costs
      • Maintenance & replacement costs are reduced
      • Loss due to wastage & spoilage is minimized
      • Better cost control
      • Improved quality of product with reduction in handling
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • In Production Control & Supervision
      • Provide more space for production operations
      • Better and convenient storage facilities
      • Results in less inspection activity
      • Control and supervision operations are provided at appropriate points
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • Optimum Utilization
      • Efficient use of machines
      • Per unit production time is minimized
      • Effective utilization of floor space
      Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa