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Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
Delegation of authority
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Delegation of authority

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  • In a paper based privilege management system, a resource owner (e.g. the Financial Director of a company, or the Computer Centre Manager) will sign a form to say that a particular person (the privilege holder) is allowed to use a particular resource in a particular way. E.g. The Financial Director may say that a Head of Department can sign orders up to the value of so many thousand Euros, or the Computer Centre Manager may sign a form authorising a user to use particular computing resources. Paper based systems may also support delegation, whereby a privilege holder is allowed to delegate the use of the resources currently under his control, to one or more other people. E.g. the Head of Department authorises a project manager to sign orders for his project up to a pre-determined sum.
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    • 1. AUTHORITY <ul><li>The right in a position to exercise discretion in making decisions affecting others. </li></ul><ul><li>or </li></ul><ul><li>Its an Power in An Organization </li></ul><ul><li>It is a relationship between two individuals </li></ul><ul><li>Superior frames & transits decisions with the expectation that these will be accepted by the subordinate </li></ul><ul><li>Basic objective behind authority is to influence the behavior of subordinates </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 2. Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 3. Types Of Authority <ul><li>Legal / Formal Authority – Given by law </li></ul><ul><li>Eg Law may give authority to policemen to arrest a person </li></ul><ul><li>Traditional Authority – According to social relationship </li></ul><ul><li>Eg Father exercises traditional authority over members </li></ul><ul><li>Charismatic Authority – Depends upon the personality of a person who commands respect of his followers </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 4. POWER <ul><li>The ability of an individuals or groups to induce or influence the beliefs or actions of other persons or groups </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 5. TYPES OF POWER <ul><li>Coercive Power – Power due to threat of application </li></ul><ul><li>Eg Suspension , dismissal in organizations </li></ul><ul><li>Reward Power – Power of control or allocations for rewards </li></ul><ul><li>Eg salary , wages , fringe benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Legitimate Power - Arises from the position </li></ul><ul><li>Expert Power – Due to power of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Referent Power – Due to influence and people believe in them and in their ideas. </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 6. Responsibility <ul><li>Responsibility is defined as the duty to which a person is bound by reason of his status or task </li></ul><ul><li>Obligation of an individual to perform activities or duties which are assigned to him </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 7. Delegation of Authority Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 8. What is Delegation of Authority? <ul><li>Allowing someone to act on your behalf to perform tasks (consume resources) that are available to you </li></ul><ul><li>Delegator should be empowered to delegate to anyone he needs to, subject to certain organisation controls (i.e. the organisation’s Delegation Policy) </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 9. How do you delegate to others today? <ul><li>To enter your house and fetch something </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If your house is locked? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To use your PC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If it is protected by a username and password? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>To withdraw money from your bank account </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Using an ATM? </li></ul></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 10. What is a better solution? <ul><li>The delegate should act in his own name, not in yours </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Then a full audit trail can be kept of who did what </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The delegate should have limited authority </li></ul><ul><ul><li>So that you can delegate a fraction of your powers </li></ul></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 11. Assigning and Delegating Privileges in Organisations Resource Owner “ I authorise this Privilege Holder to use this resource in the following ways” signed The Resource Owner Privilege Holder “ I delegate authority to this End User to use this resource in this limited way” signed The Privilege Holder End User (Privilege Holder) Assigns privilege to Delegates privilege to “ Can I use the Resource” Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 12. Steps in Delegation <ul><li>Determination of results expected </li></ul><ul><li>Assignment of Duties </li></ul><ul><li>Authorization for Action </li></ul><ul><li>Creation of Obligation </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 13. Importance <ul><li>Lessening of Burden </li></ul><ul><li>Leads to better decisions. </li></ul><ul><li>Speeds up decision making process. </li></ul><ul><li>Tool for Motivation </li></ul><ul><li>Creates a formal structure. </li></ul><ul><li>Development of managerial functions. </li></ul><ul><li>Growth of Inter- relationship. </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 14. Blocks to Effective Delegation <ul><li>Love for authority </li></ul><ul><li>Maintenance of tight control </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of subordinates performing better </li></ul><ul><li>Fear of exposure </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of confidence </li></ul><ul><li>Personality of superior </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 15. Measures for effective delegation <ul><li>Increasing the security of jobs </li></ul><ul><li>Creating awareness for need of delegation </li></ul><ul><li>Determining decisions and tasks to be delegated </li></ul><ul><li>Choosing the delegant wisely </li></ul><ul><li>Delegating authority for whole job </li></ul><ul><li>Linking delegation with planning </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 16. CENTRALIZATION <ul><li>Centralization as an aspect of management:- is the tendency to restrict delegation of decision making . A high degree of authority is held at or near the top by managers in organizational hierarchy. </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 17. DECENTRALIZATION <ul><li>The tendency to despair decision making authority in an organized structure. </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa
    • 18. Importance of Decentralization <ul><li>Reduces Workload. </li></ul><ul><li>Quick Decisions making. </li></ul><ul><li>Increases motivation. </li></ul><ul><li>Brings harmony. </li></ul><ul><li>Development of personnel. </li></ul><ul><li>Diversification of products, Activities & Markets. </li></ul><ul><li>Effective Control. </li></ul>Er.Sartaj Singh Bajwa

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