Careers in it


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Careers in it

  1. 1. AND CAREERS IN INFORMATION TECHONOLOGY Prepared By : Shubham Bhatnagar Class – 9 G Roll No. - 35 Guided By: Mr. S K Bharadwaj
  2. 2. CONTENTS             What is IT How to start a career in it Skills and personal qualities for a career in it Computer and Information Research Scientists Computer Hardware Engineers Computer Software Engineers Computer and Information Systems Managers Computer Programmers Computer Systems Analysts Database Administrators Network and Computer Systems Administrators Computer Support Specialists.
  3. 3. What Is “ IT “  Information technology is comprised of computers, networks, mobile and wireless devices, satellite communications, robotics, videotext, cable television, electronic mail ("e-mail"), electronic games, and automated office equipment. The information industry consists of all computer, communications, and electronics-related organizations, including hardware, software, and services. Completing tasks using information technology results in rapid processing and information mobility, as well as improved reliability and integrity of processed information.
  4. 4. HOW TO START A CAREER IN IT Many people love in the field of IT (Information Technology). This is a good field but it does not mean that you work with computers only. Helping others use their computers is often a big part of the job. This field is very big. From an ATM machine, to PC techies, to a network administrator to a graphic designer to a webmaster, to the record producer, these people are all in IT.
  6. 6. TYPES OF CAREERS IN INFORMATION TECHONOLOGY Broadly, IT careers can be classified into the following types:  Computer and Information Research Scientists  Computer Hardware Engineers  Computer Software Engineers  Computer and Information Systems Managers  Computer Programmers  Computer Systems Analysts  Database Administrators  Network and Computer Systems Administrators  Computer Support Specialists.
  7. 7. Computer and information scientist 1. Participate in staffing decisions and direct training of subordinates. 2. Analyze problems to develop solutions involving computer hardware and software. 3. Apply theoretical expertise and innovation to create or apply new technology, such as adapting principles for applying computers to new uses. 4. Conduct logical analyses of business, scientific, engineering, and other technical problems, formulating mathematical models of problems for solution by computers. 5. Consult with users, management, vendors, and technicians to determine computing needs and system requirements. 6. Design computers and the software that runs them.
  8. 8. Computer hardware engineers Most computer hardware engineers research, develop, design, and test various computer equipment. This can range from circuit boards and microprocessors to routers. Some update existing computer equipment to be more efficient and work with newer software. Most computer hardware engineers work in research laboratories and high-tech manufacturing firms. Some also work for the federal government. According to BLS, 95% of computer hardware engineers work in metropolitan areas. They generally work full-time. Approximately 25% of their work requires more than 40 hours a week. The median salary for employed qualified computer hardware engineers (2010) was $98,810.00 per year or $47.50 per hour. Computer hardware engineers held 70,000 jobs in 2010.
  9. 9. Computer software engineers  Computer software engineers develop, design, and test software. Some software engineers design, construct, and maintain computer programs for companies. Some set up networks such as "intranets" for companies. Others make or install new software or upgrade computer systems. Computer software engineers can also work in application design. This involves designing or coding new programs and applications to meet the needs of a business or individual.
  10. 10. Computer and Information Systems Managers  Most large companies have computer and information systems managers. The largest concentration of IT managers works for computer systems design and related services firms. Most IT managers work full time.
  11. 11. Computer Programmers  A computer programmer’s primary duty is writing the code that computers read in order to operate properly. Software developers and engineers write the programs, which programmers translate into instructions for the computer.
  12. 12. Computer Systems Analysts  A computer systems analyst is an occupation in the field of information technology. A computer systems analyst works to solve problems related to computer technology. Many analysts set up new computer systems, both the hardware and software, add new software applications to increase computer productivity. Others act as system developers or system architects, but most analysts specialize in a specific type of system such as business systems, accounting systems, financial systems, or scientific systems.
  13. 13. Database Administrators A database administrator (short form DBA) is a person responsible for installation, configuration , upgrade, administration, monit oring and maintenance of databa ses in an organization.
  14. 14. Network and Computer Systems Administrators  Network and computer systems administrators are responsible for the day-to-day operation of an organization’s computer networks. They organize, install, and support an organization’s computer systems, including local area networks (LANs), wide area networks (WANs), network segments, intranets, and other data communication systems.
  15. 15. Computer Support Specialists.  Computer support specialists provide help and advice to people and organizations using computer software or equipment. Some, called technical support specialists, support information technology (IT) employees within their organization. Others, called help-desk technicians, assist non-IT users who are having computer problems.