(“Rio,”2011) Brazilian Wedding Customs(Matos, 2011) (2010). Map of brazil.
This presentation about Brazilian culture, asdemonstrated in Brazilian wedding customs,is brought to you on 18 November 2011 by: Gender Roles Kristeena Andrews Rituals Abbe Brekke – Nonverbal Angela Goodrum – Verbal Nonverbal Use of Clothing in Rituals Natalya Akinsheva – Non-formal Scott White – Formal Slides/Reference Page/Questions Saylor Bennett
The purpose of our presentation is toexpose you to the rich culture that is Brazil.As we share with you the lovely traditionsand rituals of Brazilianweddings our hope is that you will come to have a greater understanding of the depth and diversity that is Brazil.
“A utopia está lá no horizonte. Me aproximo dois passos, ela se afasta dois passos. Caminho dez passos e o horizonte corre dez passos. "Utopia is there on the horizon. Por mais que eu caminhe, I approach two steps, two steps jamais alcançarei. away from it. Para que serve a utopia? Path horizon runs ten steps Serve para isso: para que eu and ten steps. não deixe de caminhar.” As much as I walk, never overtake. Eduardo Galeano What is utopia? Fits this: that I do not stop walking. " Eduardo GaleanoPortuguese is the national language of Brazil. As this beautiful Portuguese poem demonstrates it is a language as lovely and deep as the culture it represents.
Self-Awareness & Communication: Gender “Our book offers the broad definition of gender as a cultural construction that contains psychological characteristics but also includes your sex, your attitudes about appropriate behavior for the sexes in society, and your sexual orientation .” (Beebe, 2011, p. 40-41)
Even before courtship begins, gender roles in Brazil are very prominentand much more traditional then the United States. It is the man who typically first expresses interest in the woman. If a woman sees a man that interestsher she will send someone to convey her interest rather than show direct interest herself. The man would be the one to ask the woman out on a dateand he would never expect the woman to pay. (Floriano, 2001)
In very traditional homes, a potential suitor would ask for the father’s permission to pursue a relationship with his daughter.In the tradition of Bumba-Meau-Boi, a potential groom demonstrates his “suitability as a husband” by taming an unbridled donkey for her father. (Starr, 2011) ("Brazilian wedding customs," 2011)
In the Brazilian culture women take a very traditional role. The majority do not work outside the home and are expected to handle most of the cooking and cleaning. It would be very inappropriate for a woman to ask a man out on a date and scandalous as well as possibly hazardous for a woman to go to a bar alone.(Alvarez, Brown, Burdick, Costa, Cowell, DaMatta & Eakin, 2009)
Religious Beliefs Brazil is the largest Catholic country in the world. Many Brazilians follow Catholic traditions even if they do not consider themselves Catholic. Therefore, the ceremonies are very traditional and similar to that of weddings you would see in the United States.("Brazilian wedding traditions," 2011) ("Brazilian wedding customs," 2011)
Verbal Rituals It is a ritual for Brazilian celebrations to be opened with a prayer asking God for his guidance and his presence to watch over the meaning of the ceremony. One attending a Brazilian wedding ceremony will experience the ritual of an opening prayer in Portuguese, hearing the prayer in the language whether or not you understand it shows the efforts of keeping the traditions practiced and culture alive. Hearing the prayer in Portuguese gives a listenerthe opportunity to experience a ritual as their ancestors did in native tongue. Although some may not understand Portuguese, theimportance of the prayer to the Brazilian culture and their efforts to keep their rituals in practice is conveyed. Hearing the sounds of thewords as their ancestors did signifies and attaches the meaning and importance of this ritual. Often, the prayer will be followed by a Brazilian song or the Brazilian National Anthem. (Jefferson , 2011) (Alexander, 2010)
Opening Prayer This ceremony represents something very serious between man and woman. The meaning of matrimony is serious because it was constituted by God. God saw that man could not livewithout woman and God united man with woman so the two of them can give providence to life. Let us pray to God for his guidance during the ceremony. Reference is given to the book of Genesis chapter 2
NuptialsThe exchanging of nuptials is performed traditionally. The priest begins the nuptials by asking if both parties have come of their own free will to join in marriage. This signifies their intent and purpose. Both parties say “I do”, and by doing so, they acknowledge before God, family, and friends their intentions. (Smith, 2011)
Nonverbal Rituals During the reception, the bride will place her traditional gold shoes in the center of thedance floor. The guests will place money for the newlyweds in them as a gift. Alternately, the groomsman will cut off pieces of the grooms tie to sell for couple. ("Brazilian wedding traditions," 2011).
Familiar TraditionsAccording to tradition, thebride must have something old, something new and something borrowed. The bridal couple is accompanied to the alter by the groomsmen and bridesmaids, usually three of each. The ceremony is sealedwith a kiss announcing the union. ("Brazilian wedding traditions," 2011)
Keeping with tradition, the groom will carry his bride over the threshold,starting with his right foot. This gets the marriage off to a blessed start. ("Brazilian wedding traditions," 2011)
Codes of Nonverbal Communication: Appearance(Matos, 2011) “Many cultures around the world place a high value on appearance-body size and shape, skin color and texture, hairstyle, and clothing.” (Beebe, 2011, p. 95)
Nonverbal Communication: Brazilian Formal Wedding AttireIn the Brazilian culture, men routinely where a small Brazilian flag in place of a boutonniere on their suit jacket. This sense of cultural pride is displayed by the groom and groomsmen. (Wedding customs, 2011).
Brazilian Formal Wedding AttireThe Brazilian groom and groomsmen typically dress in formal wear since tuxedos and matching suits can be difficult to find. Similarly, bridesmaids dresses that match are hard to find. Often for a very formal occasion, all of the clothing, including the brides’ dress, are rented. (Wedding customs, 2011).
Brazilian Informal Wedding AttireSince Brazilian weddings are heavily influenced by western traditions, it is not uncommon to see weddings that are hip and chic, with beach and outdoor type themes. Of course, these would be a much more relaxed environment and the attire would convey that. The brides dress is usually a lighter material and often short. The groom would generally were either a casual suit or a loose cotton tunic and slacks. (Mahanoor, 2011)
Short Wedding Dresses During the summer, women commonly choose to wear short dresses for their weddings. These are often bright or pastel colors, rather thantraditional white. This type of dress would be appropriate for an informal wedding, possibly held on a beach. (Mahanoor, 2011)
Our book defines culture as “a learned system of knowledge, behavior, attitudes, beliefs, values, rules , and norms that isshared by a group of people and shaped from one generation to the next”. It is our hope that we have given you a better understanding of the Brazilian culture by sharing with you its beautiful wedding customs. Beebe (2011)
Questions• Why did informal wedding dresses become popular and in what circumstances are they worn?• How important is the style of the dress when deciding the style of the wedding?• What customs for wedding attire does your family or culture have that would be viewed as interesting or considerable different from the majority of Americans?• What do you feel is the significance of the Brazilian groom changing their boutonniere with a Brazilian flag?• How surprised are you that Brazilian weddings are typically conducted in accordance with western traditions?
CitationsAlexander, R. (Producer). (2010). Brazilian wedding. [Web Video]. Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2YwOGG03f8Y&feature=related&noredirect=1Alvarez, S., Brown, D., Burdick, J., Costa, E., Cowell, A., DaMatta, R., & Eakin, M…(2009). Culture of brazil. Retrieved from http://www.everyculture.com/Bo- Co/Brazil.htmlBeebe, S. A., Beebe, S. J., Ivy, D. K., Lane, S. D., & Redmond, M. V. (2011). The Blue Book of Communication Studies. Boston: Pearson Learning Solutions.Brazil Flag. (n.d.). GMT: Greenwich Mean Time - World Time / Time in every Time Zone. Retrieved November 14, 2011, from http://wwp.greenwichmeantime.com/time-zone/south-america/brazil/flag/Brazilian wedding customs. (2011). Wedding Nouveau, Retrieved from http://weddingnouveau.com/wedding-cultures-and-customs/south-america/brazil- wedding-culture-traditions-and-customs/Brazilian wedding traditions the ceremony. (2011). Retrieved from http://kandeland.tripod.com/id5.htmlBorges, A. (Photographer). (2010). Danielle and alex. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://paratinovia.com/wp-content/uploads/Picture-211.pngFloriano, E. (2001, March 01). Dating in brazil and in the united states. Retrieved from http://www.elc.byu.edu/classes/buck/w_garden/students/students_comparison.htmlGaleano. Utopia. Retrieved from http://www.viniciusmatos.com.br/page/11/Jefferson , A. (2011). Brazilian americans. Retrieved from http://www.everyculture.com/multi/A-Br/Brazilian-Americans.htmlMahanoor. (2011). Short wedding dress. Retrieved from http://12club.com/short-wedding-dress.htmlMahanoor. (Producer). (2011). Short wedding dress. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://12club.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/04/short-wedding- dress1.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). A good start. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/IMG_8857.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). Donkey. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/IMG_8153.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). Bride with rosary. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp- content/uploads/2011/09/IMG_61521.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). Hand in hand. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/VS19170.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). The dance. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/IMG_90321.jpg
Citations (continued)Matos, V. (Photographer). (2011). Ceremony. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/IMG_1012.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). Church. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/IMG_0261.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). Harbor. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/IMG_5109.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). Holding hands. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp- content/uploads/2011/11/IMG_3709.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). In the wind. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2011/09/IMG_7922.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). A loving prayer. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp- content/uploads/2011/09/IMG_1240.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). Happily ever after. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp- content/uploads/2011/10/IMG_5510.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). He loves her. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2011/11/IMG_0533.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). A stolen kiss. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/IMG_5613.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). Shoes of gold. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp- content/uploads/2011/10/IMG_5408.jpgMatos. (Photographer). (2011). Congratulations. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp- content/uploads/2011/08/IMG_3684.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2011/08/IMG_3689.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/IMG_8857.jpgMatos, V. (Photographer). (2011). Kiss me. [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://cdn.viniciusmatos.com.br/wp-content/uploads/2011/10/IMG_3937.jpgSmith, M. (2011). Catholic wedding vows. Oneheart Weddings, Retrieved from http://www.weddingclipart.com/guide/wedding-vows/Catholic-Wedding- Vows.htmlStarr, G. (2011, October 25). Brazilian dating culture. Retrieved from http://www.ehow.com/about_6726877_brazilian-dating-culture.htmlWedding customs, traditions and superstitions. (2011). Catholicbrides.com, Retrieved from http://www.catholicbrides.com/catholic-information/planning- your-catholic-ceremony/wedding-customs-traditions-and-superstitions(2011). Rio. (2011). [Web Photo]. Retrieved from http://kandeland.tripod.com/sitebuildercontent/sitebuilderpictures/.pond/braziliancity.jpg.w300h225.jpg((2010). Map of brazil. [Web Map]. Retrieved from http://weddingnouveau.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/10/Picture-3.png