Modern Latin America
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Modern Latin America

on

  • 863 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
863
Views on SlideShare
863
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Microsoft PowerPoint

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

    Modern Latin America Modern Latin America Presentation Transcript

    • Modern Latin America
      Sayda Vega
      History 141
      Class # 50587
    • BRITAIN AND LATIN AMERICA
      *Britain’s economic interest in Latin America was much more noticeable during the mid 1870’s and early 1890’s
      *Britain’s interests in River Plate
      *Britain also played an important role in Argentina since most of its trading businessmen were British.
      *Britain was a dominant role in Brazil’s trade, shipping, and imports.
      *Britain had investments all over Mexico, Peru, Chile and Uruguay
      *Everything changed by the end of the 20th Century when Britain’s influence almost dissapeared.
    • *The Second World War brought more problems and automatically reduced trade. This put Britain into debt to Latin America and to the United States too.
      *”At the time of independence Latin America was still a frontier of European colonization.”
      *There were huge differences in wealth, social status and income all along the Latin American countries.
      *Slavery remained to be vital for some of the Spanish Colonies due to the commercial agriculture.
      *The Latin America’s reorientation of external connections was influenced by independence.
    • *Many problems of different types after independence including, fiscal problems, external security problems and intense civil conflicts.
      *Some of the most instable counties at the time were: Mexico, Peru and Bolivia.
      *Paraguay’s President Jose Gaspar Rodriguez de Francia (2814-1840)
      *“In British eyes there were two exceptions of instability and caudallismo: Brazil and Chile.
      *Formation of strong national structures.
    • *Predomination of Liberalism
      *Balmaceda President of Chile and the end of his term culminated in a civil war, in which at the end he committed suicide.
      LATIN AMERICA’S WARS OF THE 19TH CENTURY
      *The main causes of the Latin America’s Wars were: race war, ideology of independence, separation versus union, boundary disputes, territorial conquests, caudilloism, resource wars, interclass struggles, capitalism and religious wars.
      *Political, economic, and social frustrations were the result of the Latin America Wars of independence
    • *Another events happening in Europe and North America helped to achieve independence as well.
      *American Revolution (1775-1783)
      *French Revolutions (1789-1799)
      *Both revolutions were very influential to other countries and persons such as Simon Bolivar and Miguel Hidalgo.
      *“Not all wars of independence in Latin America were against the European Monarchy.
      *Break up-separation versus union.
      *During the colonial era kings of Spain and Portugal were at war.
    • *Golden Rule of Latin America power politics: “Relations between nations which share a common border are cool, and those who do not, are warm.”
      *Frontier wars began right after the wars of independence and continued during the 19th Century.
      *“The post-independence wars of territorial conquest were and extension to the colonial experience.”
      *Participants in territorial conquest just wanted to gain more land.
      *British expansion in Central America (1821-1856)
      *War of Tripe Alliance (1864-1870)
    • MEXICO: CONTINENT ON THE MOVE
      *Migration has transformed the Americas
      *Zacatecas was once the silver capital of the nation. It only remains its colonial architecture.
      *Zacatecas was one of the richest agriculture areas buy today it is an example of Mexico’s decay.
      *Older people remember how it was like before when the time of revolution came.
      *President Lazaro Cardenas was in charge during the 1930’s.
      *Mexico became the main supply of winter vegetables and fruits for the United States.
      *Mexico City became a powerful attraction for people with the creation of thousands of jobs
      *Creation of government programs in education and health care.
      *More immigrants arrived, now the city of Tijuana.
      *Tijuana counts with many maquiladora industries that’s why many people from other places come to work.
    • MIGUELHIDALGO (Wikipedia)
      *Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was a Mexican cleric and important leader who played an important role during the Mexican Independence.
      *He was born on May 8, 1753 in Penjamo, Guanajuato
      *Miguel Hidalgo strongly believed in the Virgin of Guadalupe and always would go into revolts accompanied by groups of mestizos with the banner of the Virgin.
      *He was captured on March 21, 1811 and executed on July 30.
      *He was the first man who started to fight for independence.
    • *Later on, he was supported by Jose Maria Morelos and Agustin de Iturbide.
      *He was influenced by American Revolution (1775-1783) and French Revolution (1789-1799).
      *Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla is considered “Father of the Nation of Mexico.”
      *He was responsible for the Grito de Dolores on September 16, in which he called a mass and urged people to join him in the fight against the vice regal government.
      *Hidalgo’s Grito de Dolores focused on being loyal to the Catholic Religion. He firmly believed on Catholicism.