Modern Latin America
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Modern Latin America






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    Modern Latin America Modern Latin America Presentation Transcript

    • Modern Latin America
      Sayda Vega
      History 141
      Class # 50587
      *Britain’s economic interest in Latin America was much more noticeable during the mid 1870’s and early 1890’s
      *Britain’s interests in River Plate
      *Britain also played an important role in Argentina since most of its trading businessmen were British.
      *Britain was a dominant role in Brazil’s trade, shipping, and imports.
      *Britain had investments all over Mexico, Peru, Chile and Uruguay
      *Everything changed by the end of the 20th Century when Britain’s influence almost dissapeared.
    • *The Second World War brought more problems and automatically reduced trade. This put Britain into debt to Latin America and to the United States too.
      *”At the time of independence Latin America was still a frontier of European colonization.”
      *There were huge differences in wealth, social status and income all along the Latin American countries.
      *Slavery remained to be vital for some of the Spanish Colonies due to the commercial agriculture.
      *The Latin America’s reorientation of external connections was influenced by independence.
    • *Many problems of different types after independence including, fiscal problems, external security problems and intense civil conflicts.
      *Some of the most instable counties at the time were: Mexico, Peru and Bolivia.
      *Paraguay’s President Jose Gaspar Rodriguez de Francia (2814-1840)
      *“In British eyes there were two exceptions of instability and caudallismo: Brazil and Chile.
      *Formation of strong national structures.
    • *Predomination of Liberalism
      *Balmaceda President of Chile and the end of his term culminated in a civil war, in which at the end he committed suicide.
      *The main causes of the Latin America’s Wars were: race war, ideology of independence, separation versus union, boundary disputes, territorial conquests, caudilloism, resource wars, interclass struggles, capitalism and religious wars.
      *Political, economic, and social frustrations were the result of the Latin America Wars of independence
    • *Another events happening in Europe and North America helped to achieve independence as well.
      *American Revolution (1775-1783)
      *French Revolutions (1789-1799)
      *Both revolutions were very influential to other countries and persons such as Simon Bolivar and Miguel Hidalgo.
      *“Not all wars of independence in Latin America were against the European Monarchy.
      *Break up-separation versus union.
      *During the colonial era kings of Spain and Portugal were at war.
    • *Golden Rule of Latin America power politics: “Relations between nations which share a common border are cool, and those who do not, are warm.”
      *Frontier wars began right after the wars of independence and continued during the 19th Century.
      *“The post-independence wars of territorial conquest were and extension to the colonial experience.”
      *Participants in territorial conquest just wanted to gain more land.
      *British expansion in Central America (1821-1856)
      *War of Tripe Alliance (1864-1870)
      *Migration has transformed the Americas
      *Zacatecas was once the silver capital of the nation. It only remains its colonial architecture.
      *Zacatecas was one of the richest agriculture areas buy today it is an example of Mexico’s decay.
      *Older people remember how it was like before when the time of revolution came.
      *President Lazaro Cardenas was in charge during the 1930’s.
      *Mexico became the main supply of winter vegetables and fruits for the United States.
      *Mexico City became a powerful attraction for people with the creation of thousands of jobs
      *Creation of government programs in education and health care.
      *More immigrants arrived, now the city of Tijuana.
      *Tijuana counts with many maquiladora industries that’s why many people from other places come to work.
    • MIGUELHIDALGO (Wikipedia)
      *Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was a Mexican cleric and important leader who played an important role during the Mexican Independence.
      *He was born on May 8, 1753 in Penjamo, Guanajuato
      *Miguel Hidalgo strongly believed in the Virgin of Guadalupe and always would go into revolts accompanied by groups of mestizos with the banner of the Virgin.
      *He was captured on March 21, 1811 and executed on July 30.
      *He was the first man who started to fight for independence.
    • *Later on, he was supported by Jose Maria Morelos and Agustin de Iturbide.
      *He was influenced by American Revolution (1775-1783) and French Revolution (1789-1799).
      *Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla is considered “Father of the Nation of Mexico.”
      *He was responsible for the Grito de Dolores on September 16, in which he called a mass and urged people to join him in the fight against the vice regal government.
      *Hidalgo’s Grito de Dolores focused on being loyal to the Catholic Religion. He firmly believed on Catholicism.