EARLY MODERN EUROPE *European contact with the Americas, India, China, Japan, and Southeast Asia. *Early Modern Europe refers to the period of the history of Western Europe and its first colonies. *1453: The conquest of Constantinople by the Ottomans. *1492: First voyage to the Americas by Christopher Columbus *1517: The Reformation begins with Martin Luther *1526: Archduke Ferdinand of Austria *Important events during the15th and 16th Century in Europe: the Renaissance, the Scientific Revolution, the Reformation, and the Enlightenment.
FRANCE 15TH &16TH CENTURY *1453: The Hundred Years’ War is over with the removal of English forces from France *France during the 15th Century is characterized by the Armagnacs and Burgundians which were two influential parties. *An important person during this time was John Calvin who started the Reform *1562-1598: The Wars of Religion are fought 15TH & 16TH CENTURY KINGS 1422-1461: Charles VII King of France 1515-1547: Francis I King of France 1589-1610: Henry IV King of France *Civil wars between Protestants and Catholic groups
MUSIC 15TH &16TH CENTURY Chanson *It was a diversity of secular songs mainly sung by three of four voices mostly without musical instruments. *During the15th Century the Burgundy was the musical center *Franco-Flemish was a new style in the early 16th Century. Recognized composers *Clement Janequin *Claudin de Sermisy *Pierre Certon *Guillaume Dufay *GuillesBinchois *Francis I King of France, made “the creation of an opulent musical establishment a priority”
*Chanson was progressively replaced by the air de cour, “the most popular song type in France in the early 17th century”. Types of Chanson *Chanson de geste *Chansoncourtoise *Burgundianchanson *ParisianChanson *Modernchanson “Chanson is distinguished from the rest of French pop music by following the rhythm of the French language, rather than that of English”. *Instruments like clavichord and organ were popular. *Development of the violin and viol.