EXTRA CREDIT American Colonies

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EXTRA CREDIT American Colonies

  1. 1. AMERICAN COLONIES:PRELUDE TO REVOLUTIONS<br />Sayda Vega<br />EXTRA CREDIT<br />HIST 140<br />
  2. 2. *Men and Money<br />-The English needed a new powerful army<br />-William of Orange persuaded parliament to expand the English military<br />-They had an army of 48,000 subjects and 21,000 German mercenaries<br />-The needed funding for the military so they used heavy new taxes<br />-Creation of the Bank of England<br />13- Revolutions(1685-1730)<br />*Union<br />-English union with Scotland<br />-Each kingdom remained distinctive and independent from each other<br />-Many merchants had their own commercial business<br />-In 1707 the Scottish Parliament embraced a union that created “a new composite realm ‘ by the mane of Great Britain’”.<br />-Great Britain and Scotland had common things but different legal, educational and church establishments.<br />
  3. 3. 14- The Atlantic (1700-1780)<br />*News<br />-By 1730, many ships arrived to the colonies with letters, and newspapers from England.<br />-It gave to the colonies a feeling of better informed about different aspects form Europe.<br />-They also felt more secure for being aware of many things<br />-The Boston News-Letter was the first colonial newspaper in 1704.<br />*Trade<br />-Trade became played an important role during the 18th Century.<br />-The colonies developed a multilateral trading system.<br />-The Navigation Act also helped a lot on exporting merchandise such as sugar and tobacco, fish, provisions, wheat, flour, salt and wine.<br />-They traded with England, West Indies, Iberia, some Atlantic Islands.<br />-It contributed to the economic growth of the colonies.<br />
  4. 4. 15- Awakenings(1700-1775)<br />*Growth and Limits<br />-There were 450 Congregationalists churches mostly in New England by 1750<br />-Anglicans 300 parishes<br />-Quakers with 250 meetings <br />-Presbyterians 160 churches<br />-Religion played an important role on providing social services, books, etc.<br />-High church attendance<br />-Evangelicals vs. rationalists<br />*Revivals<br />-Evangelical traditions of Congregational and Presbyterian congregations<br />-There were 6 main revivals: in 1679, 1683, 1696, 1712, 1718, and 1727.<br />-Emotional process of conversion that transformed sinners into saints<br />-Usage of “awakening“ sermons<br />
  5. 5. 16- French America (1650-1750)<br />*Opportunity<br />-Many French who emigrate to Canada improved their life style<br />-Opportunities of hunting, fishing, keeping warm during cold seasons<br />-Limited opportunities of employment in rural New France<br />-”Little effect on the legal and cultural subordination of women”.<br />-Patriarchal authority<br />-Women also helped in the field work<br />-Women could remarry if widowed<br />*Authority<br />-French colonies revealed more militaristic, paternalistic and centralized form of authority.<br />-Louis XIV 1661-1715<br />-Competititon for power<br />-The New French tolerated no other faith<br />-Seigneurs<br />-Every male between the ages of 16 and 60 to serve in the militia<br />
  6. 6. 17- The great Plains (1680-1800)<br />*Genizaros<br />-Colony of New Mexico<br />-There were a decrease of trade with nomads because of the Hispanics<br />-Slavery<br />-Nomads killed and captured Hispanics, and people from the pueblo.<br />-Nomads traded everything in exchange of deer and buffalo hides, gold and silver<br />-People who were sold were sent to work in the silver mines of Northern Mexico<br />-They were called Genizaros.<br />*Comanche and Apache<br />-Comanche lived in the southern plains, and they were the most important<br />-Important usage of horses<br />-Moved from one place to another for hunting<br />-The Apache were another tribe<br />-The Comanche made an alliance with the Wichita<br />-Some Apache were known as Hispanics as the Apache de Navihua, and later on as Navajo<br />-New Mexico, Texas<br />-Rivality-Comanche against Apache<br />
  7. 7. 18- Imperial wars and crisis (1739-1775)<br />*Renewed War<br />-Renewed war with France<br />-War of Jenkins’s Ear<br />-Spanish assault on the new colony of Georgia in 1742<br />-The War of Austrian Succession; the French government supported Spain<br />-Louisburg commander<br />-The France vs. Britain War finally ended nine years later, after many incidents and deaths<br />*The Seven Years War<br />-It officially began in 1756 in Europe<br />-George Washington played an important role<br />-Great Britain main purpose was to destroy France’s colony empire<br />-More than 20,000 soldiers were sent to America to fight<br />-At the end France ceded the New France colony<br />-The War finally ended in 1763<br />
  8. 8. 19-The pacific (1760-1820)<br />*Missions<br />-Native people labeled as gente sin razon<br />-Hispanics against California Indians<br />-Hispanics wanted to convert gente sin razon into gente de razon<br />-Baptism<br />-Made use of mass, Holy days, and powerful and magic objects<br />-All conversions were voluntary<br />-Conversion offered security<br />-Neophytes were mission Indians<br />-New converts should live apart from the unconverted<br />*Kamehameha<br />-Hawaiian Island became a place to rest, repair, resupply water, wood and provisions for the new transpacific trade.<br />-Chief Kamehameha of Hawaii became the dominant chief of the islands from 1780 to 1790<br />-He was a man with “restless intelligence, and voracious ambition”<br />-He contributed to invade many islands including Maui and Oahu<br />-He died in 1819 and helped Hawaii to recover from his wars of conquest.<br />

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