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California Part 3

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  • 1. CaliforniaPart 3
    Sayda Vega
    History 141
    Class # 50587
  • 2. *A man, a plan, a canal; Panama*
    *The Panama Canal was the largest single project undertaken.
    *The project began on the 1880’s
    *People wanted to connect the Atlantic Ocean and Pacific Oceans to find a shorter route.
    *The design was thought on water elevators.
    *The canal was the success that remarked the era.
    *The French were the Pioneers of this construction in 1879.
    *Ferdinand de Lesseps from France an engineer of 74 years was the only person able to build this canal.
    *He first traveled to Panama and observed the working area.
    *They cleared the jungle by hand, made calculations and then the digging began.
    *Many people died for food poisoning, snake bite, typhoid and yellow fever (malaria).
  • 3. *A man, a plan, a canal; Panama*
    *French engineers worked on their own way.
    *They remained 10 years in Panama building the Canal, they lost around 20,000 men and then they run out of money.
    *It was impossible to keep working, they thought they wasted life, time, and money. But they didn’t know they just had to wait a little bit longer for technology to come and help.
    *They left and then years later the turn of The Builders (Americans) arrived.
    *President of the U.S. Theodore Roosevelt was in charge in 1901, when William McKinley was assassinated.
    *He thought it was important sea power and the command of it, that’s why he supported the construction of Panama Canal.
    *In 1903 was the Panama Revolution.
    *On November 18, 1903 Secretary John and Bruno Burela signed a treaty.
    *With 10 million dollars, the United States was in power to build the Canal.
  • 4. *A man, a plan, a canal; Panama*
    *The construction began one more time, but the yellow fever killed many people again.
    *This time the project was on the hands of new engineer John Stevens.
    *He first wanted to clean everything to avoid mosquitoes and yellow fever afterwards. By 1905 there were no more yellow fever and the living conditions changed dramatically.
    *Railroads played an important role during this time too.
    *With the construction of the Panama Canal, they created the largest men-made lake in the world.*Roosevelt traveled to Panama for the first time and observed the progress made.
    *After John Stevens quit, George Washington Goethals took the power.
    *Workers arrived by sea and they were paid 10 Cents per hour, 10hrs per day, 6 days per week.
    *Working conditions were dangerous.
  • 5. *A man, a plan, a canal; Panama*
    *By 1912 there were more than 50,000 workers in the Panama Canal.
    *The Canal provided its own power, it works because the supply of water from the rain forest is never ending.
    *For the years coming up, the canal became a big attraction for tourists.
    *The Great opening was August 15, 1914.
    *The approximate total costs of it was: 352 million dollars, the French and American total expenses was of 639 million dollars.
    *50 miles crossing takes about 9 hours.
    *”The canal remains the busiest sea land in the world, it carries crude oil, Italian marble, coffee and bananas among some other things.”
    *The Canal belongs to Panama buy the United States have the permanent right to protect and defend the neutrality of it.
    *President Theodore Roosevelt never saw the canal finished.
    *Science and technology made history one more time by helping out on the construction of this important canal.
  • 6. *Los Angeles aqueduct*
    *In 1913 the City of Los Angeles completed the construction of the first aqueduct.
    *In 1902 Los Angeles purchased the Los Angeles City Water Company for $2 million dollars.
    *William Mulholland was the superintendent of this company and was in charge for many years.
    *“The 11 families who founded El Pueblo de NuestraSeñora La Reina de Los Angeles constructed the city’s first water system”
    *Mulholland watched the effect of Los Angeles growth for many years.
    *He was concerned about the usage and administration of water, so he made some changes to save more water.
    *In order to have more water, he began to search a new supply of water
    *Fred Eaton and Joseph Barlow Lippincott played an important role too.
  • 7. *Los Angeles aqueduct*
    *Fred Eaton convinced William Mulholland that the Owens River would provide Los Angeles with water.
    *Mulholland estimated that the cost of the project would be $25 million dollars.
    *They needed community support.
    *They presented an application to build the aqueduct on May 13th.
    *By June 30th 1906 Los Angeles obtained permission to start working on this dreamed project.
    *This was a good paying job and many people from many different nationalities such as Greeks, Serbs, and Mexicans contributed on the construction of the aqueduct.
    *They obtained shelter, food and medical care.
    *Medical director of this project was Dr. Raymond C. Taylor.
  • 8. *Los Angeles aqueduct*
    *Later on Los Angeles obtained water form Owens River, Colorado River, Mono Lake’s Seven Tributary Streams, and Haiwee Reservoir.
    *But they faced another problem when Owens Valley population began to dispute their water.
    *Los Angeles Aqueduct was limited
    *The Second Aqueduct of Los Angeles was finished in 1870 with a total amount of $89 million dollars, and it is said it was much easier to build due to improved construction equipment.
    *Both of the Los Angeles Aqueducts deliver an average of 430 million gallons per day
  • 9. *Los Angeles aqueduct*
    *The growing population of Los Angeles is a concern for the adequacy of supply.
    *Now, there is a new focus on the administration of water.
    *“There are 3 sources for Los Angeles’ water: approximately 60% comes from the Los Angeles Aqueduct system, 15% from the San Fernando groundwater basin, and 25% from the Metropolitan Water District’s Colorado and Feather River supplies.”
    *Los Angeles has become the nation’s second largest city.
    *Creation of new better conservation measures.
    *Public information and school education programs to promote conservation of water.