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California Part 1

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  • 1. Sayda vega
    History 141
    Class #50587
    CALIFORNIAPart 1
  • 2. Chapter 1.- Queen Calafia’s Island*Place and First People*
    -Garci Ordoñez de Montalvo was a Spanish writer from the 1510’s
    -According to him, California was “an island on the right hand of the Indies” full of gold and precious stones.
    -By this time California was under the rule of Queen Calafia; a beautiful, successful woman who later on became Christian.
    -When for the very first time Spanish explorers arrived to this place in 1533 they thought it was a peninsula and they call it California.
    -California resulted from a collision of the North American and Pacific plates.
    -Edward Everett Hale.
    -San Fancisco is one of the finest natural harbors on the planet.
  • 3. Chapter 1.- Queen Calafia’s Island*Place and First People*
    -41 Californian mountains rise to more than 10,000 ft
    -The highest point on the state is Dead Valley.
    -There are two seasons in California, wet and dry.
    -Since California is surrounded by water, it counts with a plenty variety of sea food.
    -Red-woods.
    -Variety of birds.
    -Different types of bears including: black bears, brown bears and grizzly bears.
    -Initial moment of European contact 1492.
    Native Americans of California belonged to 22 linguistic families. Within these categories were some 135 separate language.
  • 4. Chapter 1.- Queen Calafia’s Island*Place and First People*
    -There were many tribes all around California. Some of them were: the Yuki, Karok, The Pomo, the Wappo, The Miwok, the Costanoan and the Salinan among more.
    -The Gabrielino zone was what would later be known as Orange County.
    -Native Americans of California offered prototype of linguistic and cultural diversity.
    -During that time, there were no disputes over territory or power, no war at all.
    -Alfred and Theodora Kroeber, Thomas Waterman, and Saxton Pope studied first Californias.
  • 5. Chapter 2.-Laws of the Indies The Spanish Colonial Era
    -Spanish explorers were motivated by dreams of beautiful places in the New World.
    -The Isthmus of Panama was first explored by Vasco Nuñez in 1513.
    -Ferdinand Magellan was a very important Portuguese navigator.
    -Magellan was able to reach South America, the Pacific, the Marianas, and the Philippines.
    -Hernan Cortes took over the Aztec Empire.
    -Fortun Jimenez encountered what he believed to be an island.
    He also crossed and inland sea that would later be called the Sea of Cortes of the Gulf of California.
  • 6. Chapter 2.-Laws of the Indies The Spanish Colonial Era
    -On Sept 28, 1542 Juan Rodriguez anchored in San Diego Bay initiating European contact with the first of the 3 harbors of California.
    -Sebastian Rodriguez called the harbor the Bay of San Francisco.
    -Church and state were to cooperate in a program that would promote the worldly and otherworldly well-being of the colonists.
    -Fortun Jimenez was one of the first who called this island “California.”
    -Francisco de Ulloa was sent to explore the sea between Mexico and the island of California.
    -Hernando de Alarcon and Melchor Diaz were the first Europeans to set foot in Alta California.
  • 7. Chapter 2.-Laws of the Indies The Spanish Colonial Era
    -The “Sacred Expedition” was a phantasmagoria of physical hardship, deprivation, suffering and death.
    -”For more than 25 generations Native Americans had lived with own myths, rituals until they were forced from their homelands, brought into the mission system. --They were treated as children, no yet ‘gente de razon’”
    -Laws of the Indies 1680
    -Evangelization of Native Americans as “Gente de Razon”
    -Catholic baptism
    -Important Jesuits: Eusebio Francisco Kino and Juan Maria de Salvatierra.
    -Galvez’s plan was the expulsion of the Jesuits from Baja California.
  • 8. Chapter 3.- A Troubled Territory Mexican California
    -”Rancho life represented Mexican California as its best, but it had its cruel even barbaric side too.”
    -Treatment of Native Americans was cruel.
    -After the trade made with New England, Latin America and the Far East began to bring to California a growing number of domestic luxuries.
    -1821 Mexico’s independence from Spain.
    -Annexation of territory of the U.S. 1846
    -Many religious missions at the time, including: San Diego de Alcala, San Juan Capistrano, San Gabriel Arcangel, Santa Barbara and San Francisco de Asis.
    -In now-a-days those continue to be active churches.
  • 9. Chapter 3.- A Troubled Territory Mexican California
    -”During the 24 years of Mexican rule, trade and commerce promoted secularization as Mexican Californians found their values, prosperity and life style modified by contact with the wider world.
    -Non-Mexicans took up residence married into local families, and thereby enlarged the definition of what it meant to be a citizen of Mexican California.
    -The Non-Spanish occupation of Alta California began with the Russians.
    -The single most talented and influential member of his generation of native-born Californios was Mariano Guadalupe Vallejo.
    -First American Penetration led by Jedediah Smith.
  • 10. Chapter 3.- A Troubled Territory Mexican California
    -William Hartnell, Alfred Robinson, Henry Fitch, Abel Stearns, Faxon Dean Atherton, Thomas Oliver Larking and William Gale were almost universally gentlemen traders.
    -John Marsh was the first man with a medical degree.
    -”The resulting design known as Monterey Colonial, in and of itself expressed the fusion of Mexican and Yankee peoples and traits that was occurring up and down the California coast.
    -Mexico was planning to cede California to England, lest it be seized by the United States.
    -Comte Eugene Duflot du Mofras was an Englishmen sent to California to scout Mexico and its northern possessions for opportunities for French settlement.
    -Many people started to come to California in search of a better life.