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Community Based Wetland and Watershed Management

Community Based Wetland and Watershed Management



Community-Based Watershed Management and Wetland Mitigation

Community-Based Watershed Management and Wetland Mitigation

Southeast Alaska Watershed Coalition
Community Training
October 17, 2011



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    Community Based Wetland and Watershed Management Community Based Wetland and Watershed Management Presentation Transcript

    • Community BasedWetland Mitigation and Watershed Planning Nolan Center, 10/17/11
    • Objectives—  Introduce the Southeast Alaska Watershed Coalition and what we do—  Compensatory Mitigation for Losses of Aquatic Resources- 2008 Final Rule—  Our work to support Wetland Management on the local level—  Watershed Assessments and Planning for Mitigation
    • Southeast Alaska Watershed Coalition(SAWC) •  Focuses on the watershedWe advocate on the local, state and •  Uses science, local federal level for knowledge and research Community-based to inform decision-making Watershed •  Emphasizes collaborative Management problem solving, and (CBWM) •  Local citizens, institutions and organizations are the primary stakeholders
    • Why Community-Based WatershedManagement? —  The health of our communities and economies depend on the health of our watersheds. —  The concerns of the community and the benefits derived from the opportunities within our watersheds should be central to natural resources and land management planning and decision making.
    • How SAWC Supports CBWM in SEAK—  Sharing knowledge and resources—  Building economies of scale—  Building a regional voice for Community Based Watershed Management
    • Why is wetland mitigation management on the local, state and federal level important to us?—  Watershed practitioners on the local level are mitigators.—  The majority of the projects these groups develop and carry-out support the development of community-based mitigation priorities and/or are forms of mitigation
    • Mitigation is Defined as: — The act of restoring, enhancing, creating, stewarding/ preserving prioritized and/or critical habitat in a watershed.
    • Compensatory Mitigation-2008Federal Rule— Mitigation projects were not achieving functional lift of habitat and the nation was failing to reach its goal of “no net loss”— State to state and within states there were vast discrepancies in how wetland mitigation was being carried out
    • What is the Intention of the New Rule? —  Provided a standard “outlined” process for federal, state and local agencies to utilize in developing management strategies for wetland mitigation —  Use of best available science —  Predictability and efficient —  Improves the planning, implementation and management of compensatory mitigation projects —  Clarifies the Watershed Approach
    • SAWC’S Role in Locally Based WetlandPlanning and ManagementCoordinating trainings on wetland mitigation processes for community professionals: —  Wetland delineations —  Watershed Planning—  Developing a third-party mitigation program —  Mitigation Banks —  In-lieu Fee Programs —  Ad hoc
    • SAWC’S Role in Locally Based WetlandPlanning and Management—  Working with communities to identify mitigation opportunities —  Mitigation Programs —  Mitigation Projects—  Working with state and federal agencies to shape policy strategies that respond to the unique characteristics of SE communities
    • Who/What Benefits from Wetland MitigationManagement and ProgramsCommunity Economy —  Jobs—  Developers —  Less money, resources, time wasted—  Landowners   during permitting and constructing —  Improve recreational/tourist sites—  Local citizens   —   Mitigate important habitat for—  Local governments   commercial species —   Flood prevention—  Tribes   —  Water quality—  Subsistence users  —    Subsistence
    • Who/What benefits from wetland mitigationmanagement and programsWatersheds—  Sustainable development: strategically planned development—  Conservation and restoration  —  Water quality—  Water quantity  —  Subsistence resources 
    • Questions or Comments?
    • Juneau Watershed Partnership—  Formed in 1998, local citizen and agency stakeholder group—  Non-profit organization that works to promote sustainable use and community stewardship of Juneau’s watersheds—  Raised over $1 million in grant and individual donations since 1998
    • Objectives—  Community Based Wetland Mitigation and Watershed Planning in Juneau—  Benefits of Community Based Watershed Planning—  Case Study: Auke Lake Watershed Assessment—  Identifying and Prioritizing Restoration and Enhancement Activities for Mitigation
    • Juneau’s Community Based WetlandMitigation and Watershed Management—  Watershed Assessments and Management Plans—  Community Events and Community Meetings—  Support Local Restoration, Enhancement and Mitigation Trainings—  Evaluating Past Restoration, Enhancement and Mitigation Projects (REM Report)—  Prioritizing and Digitizing Restoration, Enhancement and Mitigation Opportunities. (REM Part 2)—  Partnering with SAWC on regional efforts
    • Benefits of Watershed Assessments—  Engaging Community/ Stakeholders Proactively—  Participation and Collaboration—  Ecological/ Landscape Approach—  Baseline “Snapshot of Time” = Documenting Existing Conditions—  Framework for grant opportunities, planning priorities, mitigation
    • Case Study- Auke Lake—  Identified Problem—  Recommendations for Sustainable Use and Development, Restoration and Enhancement—  Agency, Landowners and Community Collaboration—  Compile Existing Data to Inform Development
    • First Steps—  Identified Goals and —  Assembled an Advisory Objectives Group—  Key Stakeholders —  Hosted meeting, - GIS maps, Outline, Past—  Project Scope Research—  Baseline Maps
    • Project Partners—  Municipalities —  Non-Profits—  US Forest Service —  University of Alaska—  AK Fish and Game —  Wetland Review—  AK DEC Board—  NRCS —  User Groups—  Tribal Governments —  Neighbors
    • Components of a Watershed AssessmentWatershed Delineation Hydrology/ Hydrological and Description Function—  Land Ownership —  Contributing Water Sources—  Land Use Planning —  Rivers, Stream, Tribs, Lakes, Wetlands
    • Components of a Watershed Assessment (Cont.)Water Quality Landforms/ Geology Habitat Conditions—  Water Use Designations —  Channel Alterations—  Water Rights —  Bank/Riparian Disturbances—  Known Pollutants- Point Source —  Fish Passage—  Other Pollutants- Non-Point Source
    • Components of a Watershed Assessment(Cont.)Fish and Fish Habitat Geology, Plants, Wildlife—  Species Present —  Invasive Plants—  Seasonal Distribution —  Wildlife Corridors and—  Studies, Counts, Habitat Hatchery Stocking
    • Components of a Watershed Assessment(Cont.)Cultural, Historical and Management, Recovery, Current Human Use Stewardship—  Land Use/ —  Goals and Action Development Items—  Recreational/ —  Restoration, Commercial Use Enhancement
    • Community InvolvementNeighborhood Survey—  Activities (Use), Values, Concerns, Suggestions for ChangeCommunity Meeting—  Feedback on draft plan and maps—  Concerns, Uses (Past and Present), Values
    • Project Outcomes—  Distributed to municipality, local agencies, community groups—  Posted online on our Electronic Watershed Resource Library—  Auke Lake Action Plan—  Mitigation Planning
    • Other Forms of Watershed Plans—  Total Maximum Daily Loads (TMDLs)—  Watershed Assessments—  Watershed Management Plans—  Watershed Conservation Plans—  Watershed Action Plans—  Wetland Function and Values Analysis—  Comprehensive Plans
    • Documenting and Prioritizing PotentialRestoration and Enhancement Projects—  Geographic Footprint—  Identifying Problems by Watershed—  Landownership—  Land Use Designations—  Impacted/ Impaired Function—  Expected Outcomes—  Recommended Action
    • Documenting and Prioritizing PotentialRestoration and Enhancement Projects—  Agency, Landowner, Stakeholder, Tribal Entity, and Native Corporation Collaboration Opportunities—  Constraints/ Complications—  Budgets—  Permits—  Potential Partners
    • Questions or Comments?alaskawatershedcoalition.org Thank you!