Spanish Education System

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Main features of Spanish education system

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Spanish Education System

  1. 1. SPANISH EDUCATION SYSTEM
  2. 2. 17 autonomous communities = 17 ed systems
  3. 3. STRUCTURE
  4. 4. Schools in Spain <ul><li>State schools </li></ul><ul><li>Privately run schools funded by the State </li></ul><ul><li>Private schools </li></ul>
  5. 5. EDUCACIÓN INFANTIL <ul><li>FIRST CYCLE: 0-3 Y.O. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nursery schools </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increasing number. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SECOND CYCLE: 3-5 Y.O. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not compulsory </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Free </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>98% of children of this age go to school </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Same buildings as primary </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. PRIMARY EDUCATION <ul><li>Structured as three 2 year cycles: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>First Cycle (6–7 years old) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Second Cycle (8–9 years old) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Third Cycle (10–11 years old) </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Compulsory Secondary Education (ESO) <ul><li>1st Cycle (12–13 years old) </li></ul><ul><li>2nd Cycle (14–15 years old) </li></ul>
  8. 8. Postcompulsory education <ul><li>Spanish Bachillerato: Upper secondary </li></ul><ul><li>Vocational Training. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Medium grade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Upper grade </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. PRIMARY ED. SUBJECTS <ul><li>Environmental knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Maths </li></ul><ul><li>Spanish </li></ul><ul><li>Regional Language </li></ul><ul><li>English </li></ul><ul><li>Arts </li></ul><ul><li>Music </li></ul><ul><li>P.E </li></ul><ul><li>Religion /Alternative </li></ul>
  10. 10. Key Competences for lifelong Learning <ul><li>communication in the mother tongue and at least in one foreign language </li></ul><ul><li>mathematical competence </li></ul><ul><li>competences in science and technology. </li></ul><ul><li>digital competence (ICT); </li></ul><ul><li>learning to learn; </li></ul><ul><li>social and civic competences. </li></ul><ul><li>sense of initiative and entrepreneurship </li></ul><ul><li>cultural awareness and expression </li></ul>
  11. 11. MARKS: for each subject <ul><li>PRIMARY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sobresaliente = Excellent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Notable = Very good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bien = Good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Suficiente = OK </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insuficiente = Not good enough (Failure) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SECONDARY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Numbers up to ten: You must get 5+ </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. MATERIALS AND BUDGET <ul><li>EI and compulsory Education is free </li></ul><ul><li>Parents buy text books: get a fund from the administration </li></ul>
  13. 13. TEACHERS <ul><li>Primary school teachers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>3 years degree at a University school </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Secondary school teachers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Five years degree at University </li></ul></ul>All get the salary from Administration
  14. 14. TEACHER’S WORK HOURS <ul><li>PRIMARY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>25 teaching hours including breaks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>5 hours for planning, meetings… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 37 ½ for training and work at home </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SECONDARY </li></ul><ul><ul><li>18 teaching hours </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>7 hours for planning, meetings… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Up to 37 ½ to work at home, training… </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. CHALLENGES <ul><li>Adap to teaching key competences </li></ul><ul><li>Dealing with discipline problems and violence </li></ul><ul><li>Children with special needs </li></ul><ul><li>Inmigrants </li></ul><ul><li>Including ICT in lessons </li></ul><ul><li>CLIL </li></ul>

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