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Knowing the Unknown God by Andrew McCaskill

Knowing the Unknown God by Andrew McCaskill



© 2011 by Andrew McCaskill. All rights reserved. The author grants the free distribution of this PDF online version by any means (photocopy, electronic, or otherwise) as long as the distribution is ...

© 2011 by Andrew McCaskill. All rights reserved. The author grants the free distribution of this PDF online version by any means (photocopy, electronic, or otherwise) as long as the distribution is always in whole (not in part) and that no alterations or manipulations are made to the original manuscript. All quotations taken from this book should be cited under normal copy rights guidelines.




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    Knowing the Unknown God by Andrew McCaskill Knowing the Unknown God by Andrew McCaskill Document Transcript

    • ~0~
    • by Andrew McCaskill ~1~
    • Knowing the Unknown GodEnglish (1st Printing) PDF (online version)Creation Education Ministries of Thailand1256/3 Sukhumvit 101/1 Rd.Bangjak, Prakanong, BKK 10260www.creationthai.org© 2011 by Andrew McCaskill. All rights reserved. The author grants the free distribution of thisPDF online version by any means (photocopy, electronic, or otherwise) as long as thedistribution is always in whole (not in part) and that no alterations or manipulations are made tothe original manuscript. All quotations taken from this book should be cited under normal copyrights guidelines.Cover illustration by Raffaello Sanzio (1483–1520), St Paul Preaching in Athens (RoyalCollection of the United Kingdom) Public Domain Image: This is a faithful photographicreproduction of an original two-dimensional work of art. Accessed fromhttp://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:V%26A_-_Raphael,_St_Paul_Preaching_in_Athens_(1515).jpg#filePrinted in ThailandISBN: Free Online VersionAll scripture quotations, unless otherwise indicated, are taken from the Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV®. Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984 by Biblica, Inc.™ Used by permission of Zondervan. All rights reserved worldwide. www.zondervan.com ~2~
    • Dedication I dedicate this book to the students at International CommunitySchool in Bangkok and to the many other students in high schools and universities throughout Thailand in which I have had theprivilege of presenting these topics in person. I also dedicate thisbook to the many Thais who have helped me in translation efforts. Mostly, I dedicate this book to my wife and family who have shared with me the adventure of Knowing the Unknown God. ~3~
    • We hope you will enjoy this FREE ebook, Knowing the Unknown God by Andrew McCaskill. It is our pleasure to share it with you. If you would like to purchase a souvenir copy of the paperback book or would like to send one as a gift,please visit www.creationthai.org for more information. ~4~
    • Table of ContentsIntroduction……………………………………..7Chapter 1 - The God of the Bible……………………12Chapter 2 -The God of Logic………………………26Chapter 3-The God of Creation……………………..52Chapter 4 -The God of Man………………………89Chapter 5 -The God of the Nations………………….103Chapter 6 -The God of Salvation……………………128Chapter 7 -Knowing the Unknown God……………...150 ~5~
    • ~6~
    • Introduction“TO AN UNKNOWN GOD” read the altar. Around two-thousandyears ago a man named Paul stared at an unusual idol in the city ofAthens. This idol was amidst other idols and was not terriblydifferent except for its strange inscription. Why was there an altarto an unknown god? Athens was a very religious city in Paul‟s day.The people of that city were held captive to the many gods theyfeared. In fact, they were afraid that they had forgotten to worshipa certain god. Knowing that any god who was left out of theirworship would likely be jealous, mad, bitter, and vengeful, theydecided to make one altar “TO AN UNKNOWN GOD” in order toappease any forgotten god.You might, like the people of Athens, be unsure whether God (ormany gods) exists, and so, just like the Athenians, you attempt toappease whatever god might exist.Or, you might be very religious like the Athenians and worshipyour god to the exclusion of all other gods.Even so, some of you might insist that no god exists and thereforeyou feel free to live like you are your own god.To those who are confident that god (or multiple gods) does exist,this book will challenge your concept of God and in the end youwill have a greater understanding of who God is and how you canknow Him to a greater degree. ~7~
    • To those who are not sure if God exists or are convinced that thereis no God, this book will challenge your belief at its very core.After reading this book, I believe that you will no longer be able toclaim the non-existence of God. I also believe that you willconclude that any alternate view of reality (i.e. the Theory ofEvolution) is inadequate to account for the existence of theuniverse and life.It is the purpose of this book to present a compelling case for theexistence of God. I KNOW beyond any doubt that God exists andI am confident that I know WHO God is. Just as Paul did in Athensso many years ago, I will attempt to introduce you to the“Unknown God” (and therefore make the “Unknown God” the“Known God”).I invite you to read the entirety of this book and consider everypoint that is made. If you are a thinking person - one who seekswisdom - then this book is a must read. If you are curious andscientifically minded, you will not be able to ignore the claimsmade in this book. The Athenians questioned every new theory andI invite you to also question my findings as well.I have divided this book into seven chapters. These chapters arebriefly outlined below.Chapter 1 will identify the “Unknown God”, “for surely there isno sense in talking about the existence of God, without knowingwhat kind of God it is who may or may not exist.”1 ~8~
    • Chapter 2 will present the God of Logic. Only with a concept ofGod can anyone think logically. Those who claim that there is noGod are thinking illogically.Chapter 3 will present the God of Creation. Only God as theGrand Cause can explain the presence of our universe. A universewithout God is impossible.Chapter 4 will present the God of Man. Humans are reflections ofGod and we can know a lot about God from our own character.Unfortunately, humans are also separated from God because of oursin.Chapter 5 will present the God of the Nations. God is the God ofevery nation, people, and language.Chapter 6 will present the God of Salvation. God‟s purpose hasalways been to restore a lost relationship with humans. God hasprovided a way to restore a relationship with Him and havesalvation.Chapter 7 will present the “Unknown God” as the “Known God”.God is not far from us and is evident to us in the most obviousways.I encourage you to read this book in the order of the chapters. Ifyou begin at a later chapter, or if you skip from chapter to chapter,you will miss key points that were made in earlier chapters.Let‟s begin our journey to discover the “Unknown God”! ~9~
    • Reference:1 Van Til, Cornelius. Christian Apologetics. Phillipsburg: P & R PublishingCompany, 2003. ~ 10 ~
    • “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, “who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty.” Revelation 1:8 ~ 11 ~
    • Chapter 1 The God of the BibleThe Bible might be called “Gods Book” because it makes someincredible statements about who God is, what He is like, and howwe can relate to Him. The Bible also makes some incrediblestatements about who we are as well. Anyone searching for truthabout their own existence, or about the purpose of life, should notdare ignore the words contained within the pages of the Bible.These words reveal to us the identity of God, who is beyond ourown comprehension (Isaiah 40:28).Upon reading the Bible one quickly realizes that the words areboth biographical and autobiographical at the same time. That is,the words of the Bible reveal Gods own description of Himself,channeled through people who were compelled to write about Hismajesty, power, and love. Many people believe that the Bible is abook of rules and regulations only, “but in fact the Bible is first ofall a book about God. It tells us all we need to know, and all we ~ 12 ~
    • shall ever need to know, about God: who He is, what He is like,what He does and, of course, how we can know Him.”1 We cancorrectly summarize that the Bible is a unique presentation ofGods own story played out in the hearts and minds of humanity.The Bible, however, is much more than a collection of wonderfulstories. Every story throughout the sixty-six individual books ofthe Bible tells a larger story. The whole Bible paints a picture of aloving Creator who is determined to win back the people Hecreated from the tragic error of their own rebellious decision. Inorder to win them back He chooses to enter His own creation(Jesus) and do for them what they could not do for themselves.The Bible is above all a love story and we are the objects of Godsaffection. So, in this sense, our biographies are written into theBiblical story also.The Bible is no fairy-tell with a fictitious plot, rather, the Biblepresents itself as absolute truth. In Psalm 119 alone, 171 of the 176verses speak of the Bible and its power, might, and accuracy. Ofkey interest in this discussion is verse 160 that says, All your wordsare true; all your righteous laws are eternal. Several verses earlierit states in similar fashion, Your righteousness is everlasting andyour law is true (142). Verse 151 of the same chapter repeats theclaim, Yet you are near, LORD, and all your commands are true.We see three references here (words, law, commands) but eachsignifies the same thing; the Bible (or Word of God) is true. Psalm119 is a critical chapter because it validates itself as a source ofTruth. Some may call this circular reasoning but God must revealHimself to us or we would know nothing of His character. God,therefore, chose to reveal His words as truth (autobiographical) ~ 13 ~
    • through the written word of human authors (biographical). There isno one higher or more powerful who can speak on Gods behalf, soHe must reveal His own character to us. Couple the verses abovewith Proverbs 30:5, which states, Every word of God is flawless;he is a shield to those who take refuge in him. Do not add to hiswords, or he will rebuke you and prove you a liar. In this verse weare commanded to never alter the Bible. This must mean, ofcourse, that Gods words are true and sacred, never to be changedfrom their original meaning by either adding or subtracting fromthem. They are flawless. When God speaks, His words are trueand without any error. Therefore, the internal evidence of theBible itself proves that the Bible is absolutely true in every way.If, hypothetically, any words in the Bible were false, then,according to this verse, God would be forced to rebuke Himself asa liar. But this is impossible, which leaves us with only oneconclusion; God is Truth and His words are Truth.If this were not enough, we also have the words of Jesus Himself.In the book of John we are presented with a remarkable passage, Inthe beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and theWord was God (1:1). Here, Jesus is the very expression of God inhuman form, the Word of God. Further in the book of John (14:6)we read, I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes tothe Father except through me. Jesus is here claiming that He isabsolute Truth and the only way to God. So, these two versesconfirm yet again that Gods Word is accurate and one-hundredpercent true. The Bible is connecting the Truth (Jesus), the Word(the Bible, expressed through Jesus), and God as one entity. TheBible is therefore, Gods Truthful Words expressed by and throughJesus Christ. There are other internal evidences also. The Bibles ~ 14 ~
    • unity2, fulfilled prophesies, and power to change individual livespoints to its Truth and accuracy.As seen above, the internal evidence of the Bible is sufficientenough to prove that the Bible is absolutely true, but there is alsoexternal evidence that suggests the same. The Bible is historicallyand archaeologically accurate. The Bible is also confirmed in itshuman authors, who were even martyred for their conviction of itstruthfulness. The Bible speaks of changed lives, which can be justas strong evidence as scores of other evidences. Lastly, the Biblesendurance and indestructibility is also evidence for its truthfulness.Many have tried to destroy the Bible and to free the world of itsteaching, but it has withstood every attack placed upon it, and inthe end, those who have tried to destroy it have only proven that itis what they were hoping it was not; absolute Truth. Concerningthe Bibles indestructibility, Jesus states the matter this way,Heaven and earth will pass away, but my words will never passaway (Mark 13:31).The Bible leaves no doubt that its author is God Himself. As wehave already read in Proverbs 30, Every word of God is flawless(5-6). We also read in the book of 2 Timothy, All Scripture isGod-breathed and is useful for teaching, rebuking, correcting andtraining in righteousness... (3:16). God is certainly the author ofthe Bible even though it was written by human hands2.Since the Bible presents itself as absolute Truth and the author ofthose words is God Himself, then simple logic tells us that Godmust be absolute Truth as well. This stems from the fact that if theBible communicates Truth, then the author of the Bible could be no ~ 15 ~
    • less than its product. The scientific principle of causality (cause-and-effect) proves this to be the case (see chapter 2, The God ofLogic). Any effect (the Bible in this case) is never greater than itscause (God). God must be Truth if the Bible is Truth, since theBible is the product of God Himself. Therefore, the words of theBible are Gods true words, both revealing who God is and who weare. God doesnt lie, so His words can be trusted. In the book ofSamuel this simple logic is confirmed, He who is the Glory ofIsrael does not lie or change his mind; for he is not a human being,that he should change his mind (1 Samuel 15:29).In the end, how can we know who God is? The Bible reveals Himto us and we can trust that the Bible accurately speaks of Hischaracter. Since the Bible is Gods words about Himself, He wouldnever misrepresent Himself. We can know for certain who God isand what He is like by reading the Bible. If you have everwondered if there is a God and what God is like, the answer isfound in the Bible alone, because He chose the Bible to be Hisstory.The Characteristics below describe Gods character. 1. God is the Creator of all material, biological, and spiritual things. In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth (Genesis 1:1). There was nothing prior to God. God created matter, space, and time ex nihilo (out of nothing). God, however, is separate from His creation and is not contained within the dimensions of His own creation nor limited by them. (See chapter 3 for more explanation of God as the Creator.) ~ 16 ~
    • 2. God is Eternal. Before the mountains were born or you brought forth the whole world, from everlasting to everlasting you are God (Psalm 90:2). This means that God had no beginning, nor will he have an end. God has always been in existence and will forever be. No one created God. He is an eternal being, separate from time itself, which He created. God will never cease to exist, nor be annihilated, nor is He contained within a cycle of events.3. God is Unchanging. God is not human, that he should lie, not a human being, that he should change his mind. Does he speak and then not act? Does he promise and not fulfill? (Numbers 23:19) God is not like man. He does not lie, nor does He change his mind. God does not become other forms3 or change in nature. Man cannot become God. Of Jesus it is said, He is the same today, yesterday, and forever (Hebrews 13:8).4. God is Incomparable. How great you are, Sovereign LORD! There is no one like you, and there is no God but you, as we have heard with our own ears (2 Samuel 7:22); Among the gods there is none like you, Lord; no deeds can compare with yours (Psalm 86:8). There is but one God. No other god (man-made or imagined) is equal to the God of the Bible. The God of the Bible is the only true God.5. God is Indescribable. Do you not know? Have you not heard? The LORD is the everlasting God, the Creator of the ends of the earth. He will not grow tired or weary, and his ~ 17 ~
    • understanding no one can fathom (Isaiah 40:28). We will never be able to fully understand God. He is beyond our own comprehension. This does not mean that He is unknowable. We can know Gods character by reading the Bible.6. God is Fair. As for God, his way is perfect: The LORD‟s word is flawless; he shields all who take refuge in him (Psalm 18:30). God is a just ruler. He treats everyone fairly. Unfortunately, we are all sinners and have rejected God (Romans 3:23) and so our rejection of Him justifies our condemnation. Amazingly, God provides us grace through Jesus Christ, which we do not deserve. (See God is Gracious below.)7. God is All-Powerful (Omnipotent). Ah, Sovereign LORD, you have made the heavens and the earth by your great power and outstretched arm. Nothing is too hard for you (Jeremiah 32:17). There is absolutely nothing that God cannot do. No other spiritual force can alter Gods plan. All material, biological, and spiritual entities are under His control. Gods power is always used in a way that is consistent with His character.8. God is everywhere (Omnipresent). Where can I go from your Spirit? Where can I flee from your presence? If I go up to the heavens, you are there; if I make my bed in the depths, you are there. If I rise on the wings of the dawn, if I settle on the far side of the sea, even there your hand will guide me, your right hand will hold me fast. If I say, “Surely the darkness will hide ~ 18 ~
    • me and the light become night around me,” even the darkness will not be dark to you; the night will shine like the day, for darkness is as light to you. For you created my inmost being; you knit me together in my mother‟s womb (Psalm 139: 7-13). You cannot hide from God. He is everywhere at once. God is not limited by time, physical location, or material body. You cannot keep God in a box, in a house, or in a temple. God is Spirit and is free to come and go as He chooses. However, this does not mean that God is in everything or occupies everything. Nor does it mean that everything is God. The God who made the world and everything in it is the Lord of heaven and earth and does not live in temples built by human hands. And he is not served by human hands, as if he needed anything. Rather, he himself gives everyone life and breath and everything else. From one man he made all the nations, that they should inhabit the whole earth; and he marked out their appointed times in history and the boundaries of their lands. God did this so that they would seek him and perhaps reach out for him and find him, though he is not far from any one of us (Acts 17:24-27).9. God is All-Knowing (Omniscient). You have searched me, LORD, and you know me. You know when I sit and when I rise; you perceive my thoughts from afar. You discern my going out and my lying down; you are familiar with all my ways. Before a word is on my tongue you, LORD, know it completely. You hem me in behind and before, and you lay your hand upon me (Psalm 139: 1-5). Only God knows everything. He knows the past, the present, and the future. ~ 19 ~
    • Because God is All-Knowing, He is completely fair (as we have already discussed).10. God is Righteous. But now apart from the law the righteousness of God has been made known, to which the Law and the Prophets testify. This righteousness is given through faith in Jesus Christ to all who believe. There is no difference between Jew and Gentile, for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and all are justified freely by his grace through the redemption that came by Christ Jesus. God presented Christ as a sacrifice of atonement, through the shedding of his blood—to be received by faith. He did this to demonstrate his righteousness, because in his forbearance he had left the sins committed beforehand unpunished— he did it to demonstrate his righteousness at the present time, so as to be just and the one who justifies those who have faith in Jesus (Romans 3:21-26). Righteousness in simple terms means that God always does what is right and true according to His own nature. For example, it was right to punish humanity for sinning against Himself since our sin is a rejection of Gods righteousness. If God ignored sin and didnt punish those who sin, He would no longer be righteous.11. God is Sovereign. The LORD reigns, he is robed in majesty; the LORD is robed in majesty and armed with strength; indeed, the world is established, firm and secure (Psalm 93:1). God has complete reign and rule. No power (of man or of spiritual beings) is higher than Gods power. His decisions ~ 20 ~
    • and actions cannot be altered nor changed by man. Yours, LORD, is the greatness and the power and the glory and the majesty and the splendor, for everything in heaven and earth is yours. Yours, LORD, is the kingdom; you are exalted as head over all (1 Chronicles 29:11).12. God is Spirit. God is spirit, and his worshipers must worship in the Spirit and in truth (John 4:24). God is invisible. He cannot completely be understood or perceived by man. This is why God must reveal Himself through the Bible (Truth). Otherwise, we would never be able to know God at all. The Spirit is one member of the Trinity.313. God is Truth. He who is the Glory of Israel does not lie or change his mind; for he is not a human being, that he should change his mind (1 Samuel 15:29). As has previously been determined, God is Truth. He cannot lie, ever! His Son, Jesus Christ, is the only way to know God and receive Salvation. This is because Jesus ...is the Way, the Truth, and the Life (John 14:6).14. God is Holy. Holy, holy, holy is the LORD Almighty; the whole earth is full of his glory (Isaiah 6:3); Your eyes are too pure to look on evil; you cannot tolerate wrongdoing.... (Habakkuk 1:13). God is separated from humanity. He is different. God cannot tolerate sin and evil because it is contrary to His holiness and righteousness. Gods holiness and our sinfulness have created a chasm between God and man, but Gods graciousness through Jesus has united God and man ~ 21 ~
    • once again. 15. God is Gracious. And he passed in front of Moses, proclaiming, “The LORD, the LORD, the compassionate and gracious God, slow to anger, abounding in love and faithfulness (Exodus 34:6). God gives us grace, which is undeserved favor. We deserve death because of our sinfulness, but God gives us life through Jesus Christ alone. 16. God is Love .God is love... (1 John 4:16); neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God that is in Christ Jesus our Lord (Romans 8:39); But because of his great love for us, God, who is rich in mercy, made us alive with Christ even when we were dead in transgressions—it is by grace you have been saved (Ephesians 2:4-5). God loves each one of us. His greatest love act was to send His Son, Christ Jesus, to save us from our sinful rebellion. Gods love through Jesus is a gift that is given to all, but each individual must receive it through personal acknowledgement of Jesus Christ as Lord of their lives. God is love and He is grace, but He is also fair, which means that those who reject Gods love and grace will be eternally separated from Him (Hell) after they die.Although, we will never completely understand God (rememberHe is indescribable) we gain a greater understanding of who He isby reading the Bible. God will continually reveal Himself toanyone who seeks to know Him with a pure heart. We are ~ 22 ~
    • promised this in the book of Jeremiah; You will seek me and findme when you seek me with all your heart (Jeremiah 29:13). “Aswe read through Scripture and see Gods character, we begin tounderstand His absolute authority and the authority of His Word...He is the starting point of biblical authority because He is the onlylimitless One and the only One who has always been, with fullcontrol of past, present, and future.”4References and Notes:1 Edwards, Brian H. Nothing But The Truth. Webster: Evangelical Press, 2007.2 “One of the first internal evidences that the Bible is truly God‟s Word is seen in itsunity. Even though it is really sixty-six individual books, written on threecontinents, in three different languages, over a period of approximately 1500 years,by more than 40 authors who came from many walks of life, the Bible remains oneunified book from beginning to end without contradiction. This unity is unique fromall other books and is evidence of the divine origin of the words which God movedmen to record.”(Got Answers Ministries. “Attributes of God.” February, 6th 2011:http://www.gotquestions.org/attributes-God.html)3 “The most difficult thing about the Christian concept of the Trinity is that there isno way to perfectly and completely understand it. The Trinity is a concept that isimpossible for any human being to fully understand, let alone explain. God isinfinitely greater than we are; therefore, we should not expect to be able to fullyunderstand Him. The Bible teaches that the Father is God, that Jesus is God, andthat the Holy Spirit is God. The Bible also teaches that there is only one God.Though we can understand some facts about the relationship of the differentPersons of the Trinity to one another, ultimately, it is incomprehensible to thehuman mind. However, this does not mean the Trinity is not true or that it is notbased on the teachings of the Bible.....The Trinity is one God existing in three ~ 23 ~
    • Persons. Understand that this is not in any way suggesting three Gods.” (GotAnswers Ministries. “What does the Bible teach about the Trinity.” February, 20th2011:http://www.gotquestions.org/Trinity-Bible.html)4 Ham, Steve. “It All Starts With Gods Character.” Answers Magazine Jan.-Mar.2011 pg. 81. ~ 24 ~
    • It is undeniable that there is neither truth, meaning, nor purpose without an intelligent Creator who, for His ownreasons, made the universe and each of us in His Image. Yet the world of academia largely rejects this inescapable fact. Professors and students claim to be on a quest for truth while denying that it exists or that anyone could identify it if it did. Such is the nihilistic atmosphere in major universities around the world. It is considered to be too dogmatic for anyone to claim that truth can be known. Then what is the point ofresearch and study, if all we can achieve is a listing of differing opinions, none of which can be declared to be either right or wrong.” Dave Hunt, Seeking & Finding God, pp.47-48. . ~ 25 ~
    • Chapter 2 The God of LogicIs Logic Absolute?Do you believe in logic? You might think this is a strange questionto ask in a book about the identity of God, but I believe that this isan important place to begin our attempt to know who God is andwhat He is like. We have already identified many attributes ofGods character in the first chapter. There is, however, anothercharacteristic of God identified in the Bible that has not beenmentioned yet. God is the God of logic. In simple terms, thismeans that God is the mind behind all things and that He createdthese things to function in predictable ways that can be understoodby man.If logic is from God it must reflect the character and mind of God.God is infinite and omniscient, so therefore, we would expect logicto be absolute; the same for any human, anywhere, and at any time.Otherwise, logic would change as the wind blows or as the tides ~ 26 ~
    • fluctuate, and we would never have the ability to trust our ownknowledge. If this were the case, what was true one moment mightnot be true the next moment. But since Gods character isconsistent and unchanging, so are the fixed laws that areexpressions of His mind. His laws are absolute and therefore, logicis possible. This is why we can understand the world around us.Later in this chapter we will discuss some of these absolute laws(Law of Non-Contradiction and the Law of Causality) that areexpressions of Gods character.Do you believe that this world operates by fixed laws? Scientificinvestigations and mathematical processes require fixed laws thatare predictable and can be applied anywhere in the world, withidentical results. In fact, every day we use simple logic to answerbasic questions such as, “Why did this happen?” or “What causedthis?” The truth is, we all believe in, and know intuitively, thatlogic exists, whether we want to admit it or not. The use of logic isthe most fundamental and basic level of human knowledge.Notice again that the opening question is phrased do you believe inlogic?, not, do you think logic exists? There is a critical differencebetween believing and thinking. Thinking is a mechanical process(electrical impulses bouncing around the neurons of the brain)which requires logical deductions to determine its own validity.There would be little true thought (arguably none) without the lawsof logic firmly in place. Therefore, thought is dependent uponlogic. Anyone trying to prove that logic exists quickly realizes thatlogic is automatically proven the moment the attempt is made toprove its validity. So, in the end, we believe in logic becausethought is impossible without it. This may seem to be circular ~ 27 ~
    • reasoning (which in itself is only understood in the light of logic)but logic turns out to be its own best witness.Logic Needs a Belief SystemIn order to be logical at all, one must have a framework of belief.Logic is a matter of belief not just methodological thoughtprocesses. Let us return to the questions posed in the thirdparagraph, “Why did this happen?” and “What caused this?” It isimpossible to answer these questions without belief in establishedlaws. For example, when I ask the question, Why did thishappen?, I automatically use laws of causality to trace the effectback to an original cause. I believe that all effects are a result of acause and that I can come to a true understanding of what thatcause might be. Most causes can neither be seen nor observed,and therefore, cannot be scientifically verified, but we believe inthem anyway, and thus, we believe in the very laws of logicthemselves.Worldviews and PresuppositionsIn the day to day affairs of life we use logic to determine whethersomething is true or false, valid or invalid, right or wrong, and wecan do this effectively because of our personal beliefs which makelogic possible. In order to help us interpret events, all of us haveaccepted a framework of belief, and this is what allows our logic tomake sense of unknowable events. Because our knowledge islimited we must have a starting point (framework of belief) that allinformation is interpreted upon. ~ 28 ~
    • Figure 2:1 Each of us knows a very small portion of the total available knowledge that could be known. Only God is All-Knowing. Therefore, in our attempt to make sense of unknown information we must begin with a bias or presupposition. (See Figure 2:1 in the notes and references section.)This framework of belief is often called a worldview. A worldviewcan be described as a belief that governs the way we interpretevidence and which also allows us to make sense of the worldaround us. Worldviews are composed of individual presuppositionsor personal biases. These presuppositions are established early inour lives and are often difficult to change. Our presuppositionsdetermine the way we interpret evidence, not the reverse.Evidence never speaks for itself, it is neutral, and we must interpretit according to a framework of belief.1 ~ 29 ~
    • Figure 2:2 Notice that both an evolutionist and a Creationist have the sameevidence and use the same laws of logic, the difference is their starting points(presuppositions) and their ending points (interpretations). Our biases, along with the laws of logic, allow us to interpret data and make sense of it.Although the laws of logic are the same for everyone, personal biases are not.This is why two people can look at the same evidence and come to two entirely different interpretations of the evidence. None of us are neutral and we use our biases as a framework of interpretation for all unknown information. So, not only must we believe that logic exists; we must also believe that our own biases are true. However, if personal biases are incorrect then the resulting interpretations will be incorrect. Therefore, it is important to have a correct bias in order to have a correct interpretation. ~ 30 ~
    • Figure 2:3 For any one piece of evidence many different interpretations exist, therefore, we filter other peoples interpretations before we accept them. Notice that if the interpretation agrees with our worldview, it is accepted, however, if the interpretation disagrees with our worldview it is rejected. This is the manner in which each of us filters interpretations before we accept or deny them.What Mean Ye These Stones (Fossils)?Lets consider some evidence to show how presuppositions governthe way evidence is interpreted. At many locations around theworld we find “fossil graveyards”. These are areas with hundredsor even thousands of individual organisms that have all beenfossilized together in one location. Often these fossils represent ~ 31 ~
    • organisms that did not live together in the same ecologicallocation. Because an evolutionists presupposition denies theexistence of God and the truthfulness of the Bible, he must accountfor these unusual fossil formations by natural processes alone.Therefore, the typical story of fossil formation according to anevolutionist begins with an organisms death. The organism is thencovered by water-laden sediment and through a slow process andthe right amount of pressure; the cells of the organism are replacedby sediment and become rock. This rock is a cast of the originalorganism with the same physical features as the once livingorganism. Evolutionists would consider fossilization a uniqueevent, which is rarely observed, if ever, in the present. “Fossilgraveyards” then, pose a significant challenge to the evolutionaryexplanation as evolutionists are hard-pressed to account for amethod that would fossilize thousands of organisms in the samephysical location under normal conditions. There are no known“natural” conditions today that are fossilizing thousands oforganisms at once, especially organisms from different ecologicalzones. Since these conditions are not observed today, evolutionistsare forced to explain “fossil graveyards” as a long duration(millions of years) event. The problem with a “millions of years”explanation is that the bones of many of these fossilized organismsare interlocked together. Bones cannot become interlockedtogether if the organisms from which they came died millions ofyears apart. Secondly, as has been stated above, many of thesefossils are from organisms that do not normally live together in thesame ecological zone. This suggests that these organisms did notdie in the same location but died in other ecological zones andwere transported (most likely by moving water) to the locationwhere they were buried and fossilized. ~ 32 ~
    • When it comes to “fossil graveyards”, evolutionists face anexplanatory problem because their own theory of slow fossilformation over millions of years isnt adequate to explain thethousands of fossils buried together. There must be a betterexplanation. There is!The Bible speaks of a global flood (Genesis 8-10) that covered theentire earth with water. This global flood killed most organisms onthe planet at that time. The organisms that died in the flood wouldhave been carried great distances by the water and covered rapidlyby the advancing waters and swirling oceans. This global floodexplains perfectly how organisms from different ecological zoneswere carried to the same location and buried together. The floodalso explains how the quantities (thousands) of organisms wereburied together. Lastly, the flood provides the most ideal water-laden sediment and pressure that were required for the organismsto be fossilized. The Biblical flood sufficiently answers all of thequestions regarding the formation of fossil graveyards but anevolutionary worldview is insufficient to do the same.So, why doesnt an evolutionist accept the Biblical explanation? Itcertainly seems far superior to their own explanation.Evolutionists reject this explanation, not because it is invalid, lesssuperior, or less scientific to their own, but because it comes fromthe Bible. Therefore, they do not reject the explanation, but theBible. Evolutionists might even agree that the Biblical explanationis a better explanation, but they will not accept it simply because itis from the Bible. Evolutionists are letting their ownpresuppositions (that there is no God and the Bible is not true) ~ 33 ~
    • force them to accept an explanation that is less than sufficient. It ismost tragic that an evolutionist, who supposedly prides himself onbeing scientific, will reject the most scientific explanation simplybecause it supports an alternate viewpoint than his own. The oftenquoted evolutionary scientist Richard Lewontin exemplifies thistragic viewpoint when he said, “We take the side of science in spiteof the patent absurdity of some of its constructs, in spite of itsfailure to fulfill many of its extravagant promises of health and life,in spite of the tolerance of the scientific community forunsubstantiated just-so stories, because we have a priorcommitment, a commitment to materialism. It is not that themethods and institutions of science somehow compel us to accept amaterial explanation of the phenomenal world, but, on the contrary,that we are forced by our a priori adherence to material causes tocreate an apparatus of investigation and a set of concepts thatproduce material explanations, no matter how counter-intuitive, nomatter how mystifying to the uninitiated. Moreover, thatmaterialism is an absolute, for we cannot allow a Divine Foot inthe door.” 2Logic and ContradictionThe law of non-contradiction states that contradictory statementscannot both be true at the same time. For example, if it is said thatA is greater than B and that A is not greater than B, then onestatement is false because both statements cannot possibly be trueat the same time. The law of non-contradiction is a law that isimpossible to deny. The very moment one declares that the law ofnon-contradiction is untrue, it is proven. Denying the law sets up ~ 34 ~
    • two contradictory statements from which one is expected to betrue, and so, its denial verifies its validity. An identical situationexists when some religions claim that two contradictory statementscan both be true at the same time, thus attempting to deny the lawof non-contradiction to avoid apparent contradictions in their ownreligion. In communicating this, however, they must set theirstatement (that contradictory statements can both be true) againstthe law of non-contradiction itself, which forces a contradictionbetween the two. In the end, instead of disproving the law of non-contradiction, they verify it. The denial of an absolute reality andthe denial of an absolute truth are also common claims amongcertain religions, but, once again the absolute belief that noabsolute reality or absolute truth exists places the two beliefs incontradiction with the former (that they do exist), and thus, the lawof non-contradiction is proven yet again.3This is why the Law ofContradiction is truly a universal law? Two contradictorystatements cannot both be true because God never contradictsHimself. God is absolute Truth and He never lies. God created theuniverse to reflect His character so that we may know Him anddevelop knowledge through understanding His creation. Science ispossible because God is Truth and His creation reflects Hischaracter. If there was no God, we would have no possible way tounderstand the physical world around us. In the example of “fossil graveyards” described above, the law ofnon-contradiction proves that one of these interpretations isincorrect. Either fossil graveyards were produced by slowevolutionary processes or by quick catastrophic methods (BiblicalFlood Model). There is no such thing as a slow catastrophicprocess. Since these views are competing and contradictory they ~ 35 ~
    • cannot possibly be both true at the same time. Becauseinterpretations of past events often contradict each other, a choiceis made to believe an interpretation that is in support of theindividuals personal worldview (review figure 2:3). Someonewho rejects theories based on their own worldview, rather thanscientific experimentation, is engaging in religion, not science.There are many extremely religious evolutionary scientists who donot follow the science, but only accept explanations that supporttheir own philosophical worldview. To be fair, Biblical creationistshave their own philosophical worldview to uphold, but this is themain point of the argument; both evolutionists and Biblicalcreationists are religiously motivated, and thus, defend a religiousviewpoint. “Evolution is a religion. This was true of evolution inthe beginning, and it is true of evolution still today.” 4Science and CausalityThe Law of Cause-and-Effect (Causality) is the most establishedlaw in science. One cannot even conduct science withoutacknowledgement of this law5. The Law itself states that there is arelationship between two events; the second (the effect) isdependent upon the first (the cause). A further extension of this lawstates that the cause must always exceed (be larger in extent) thanits effect. Figure 2:4 Notice that each effect is dependent upon the preceding cause and that each effect is quantitatively and qualitatively smaller than the preceding cause. ~ 36 ~
    • Again, using the “fossil graveyard” scenario as an example, we candetermine that there must have been an extremely great cause (verylarge in extent) that brought about the effect of thousands of fossilsbeing buried together. Therefore, this law seems to rule out aslow-and-steady, one-fossil-at-a-time event, as evolution suggests,because the effect is far too great for such an individually smallcause. The Biblical explanation of a global flood, however, wouldhave been a sufficiently large cause to produce the effect of a“fossil graveyard”.We can also extend the Law of Causality to life itself and all otherrealms of science. In fact, the causal relationship is the backboneof all scientific pursuits. Since living organisms are composed ofcomplex components with inter-related parts, the cause must have ~ 37 ~
    • been more complex (intelligent) than the effect. This might becalled the teleological argument. Other cause-and-effect argumentsare outlined below.Extension of the Law Argumentof Cause-and-Effect6 ...uses order and design in nature to prove the existence of a Designer. Therefore, if the cell looks designed, then Teleology... there must be a designer that created the cell. …focuses on the motion of the cosmos as evidence of a prime mover. Therefore, if the cosmos has motion, then Cosmology... there must have been a Creator that set it in motion. ...is the study of existence. Therefore, if the concept of Ontology... God exists, then God must really exist. ...is the study of beauty. Therefore, if something can be considered beautiful or expressive in quality, then there Aesthetics... must be an ultimate expression of beauty. ...is the study of desire and will. Therefore, if individual humans have a will, then there must be an ultimate will. Volition... ...is the study of a “right” and a “wrong”. Therefore, since all people know intuitively that there is “good” Morality... and “bad”, “right and wrong”, then there must be an absolute standard of morality.Although the cause-and-effect deductions above are not absoluteproof of Gods existence, they certainly lead to a strong concludingargument for the existence of a “Grand Cause”. This possibility ~ 38 ~
    • increases further when one considers that evolution runs in directopposition to causality. For example, if evolution were true, thenall complex organisms on this planet evolved from an infinitenumber of less complex organisms in the past. Evolution mustmove in the wrong direction.Evolutionists are forced to admit that many of the processes thatmust have occurred, in order for evolution to be true, are counter tothe basic laws that run the universe. The laws of logic are notfriendly toward evolution either. “The faith of the evolutionist andhumanist is of another order altogether. His is a splendid faithindeed, a faith not dependent on anything so mundane as evidenceor logic, but rather a faith strong in childlike trust, relying whollyon omniscient Chance and omnipotent Matter to produce thecomplex systems and mighty energies of the universe. Theevolutionists faith is not dependent on evidence, but is pure faith –absolute credulity.”7 However, the Law of Cause-and-Effect takento the furthest degree argues perfectly for the existence of God,since a Grand Cause is a necessary conclusion. Figure 2:5 Notice that complexity is maintained or lost (because of mutational events) but not gained. This supports the conclusion that all causes are greater (or at least equal to) their effects. However, in each case, evolution must defy the law of causality and build complex structures from more simple structures. This is the reverse of the cause-and-effect relationship and is not scientifically possible. ~ 39 ~
    • ~ 40 ~
    • Because evolutionists claim to function only in the realm of ourphysical senses, it is often claimed that God does not exist (or atleast is undetectable) since He is not seen, felt, or tasted. Thisclaim makes two fatal errors. The first error demands that Godmust present Himself in visible form before we can accept Hisexistence. The person who claims this has the audacity to tell Godthat He must play by their rules. We have no right to limit God tohis own creative products. The second error assumes that wecannot see God, but Gods effects are “clearly seen” (Romans 1),and so, we can detect Gods existence by our physical senses whenwe see His effects. Therefore, to argue against the existence of Godbecause He is unseen is to argue against all unseen causes.Intuitively, we know that even if the cause is unseen, it still exists.It is no different with the existence of God. The effects of God areenough to conclude His existence.The Effects of GodSince the world is a collection of individual effects, each effectmust have been produced by a greater cause than itself. Obviously,these individual effects could not have extended indefinitely in thepast or their present effects would be too small to detect and nolonger even measurable. Likewise, the causes that produced theeffects could neither extend indefinitely in the past or they wouldbecome too large to be measured. The infinite existence of thecause-and-effect relationship cannot be defended scientifically.Once again, the most logical conclusion is that there must havebeen an initial cause, or First Cause, to the effects that we observetoday. ~ 41 ~
    • Furthermore, we can conclude from the cause-and-effectrelationship that “the First Cause....….of limitless space must be infinite in extent.….of endless time must be eternal in duration.….of perpetual motion must be omnipotent in power.….of unbounded variety must be omnipresent in phenomena.….of infinite complexity must be omnipotent in intelligence.….of consciousness must be personal.….of feeling must be emotional.….of will must be volitional.….of ethical values must be moral.….of religious values must be spiritual.….of beauty must be aesthetic.….of righteousness must be holy.….of justice must be just.….of love must be loving.….of life must be living.”8If the list of “must be” requirements above sounds familiar; theyare! Added together, these “must be” requirements for the “FirstCause” perfectly describe the God of the Bible as was discussed inthe first chapter. Could evolution produce complex thought andfeelings such as love, joy, pain, and jealousy? “It makes no sensethat unfeeling, unthinking, dead matter could produce feeling,thinking, living beings, and yet that is what people are expected tobelieve”9 from the theory of evolution. Indeed, there is no possibleway that personality could come from an impersonal universe. ~ 42 ~
    • Creation Is the Only Logical Belief SystemSince logic is a non-material (or non-physical) thing, it must existoutside of our own brains. Furthermore, since all humansrecognize and use the same logical rules, it is neither a product ofthe individual mind. An evolutionist must account naturally for anon-material law that governs the way the material (and all ofscience for that matter) works. This of course means that laws musthave come before the material and biological world; since they areboth regulated and upheld by these laws. Laws cannot evolve.Since logic exists outside of the material and because it isuniversally applied, it must be an expression of a greater mind thanour own. God is that greater mind! Logic exists because Godexists. Without God, there is no logic and there is no science. Godcreated the laws that allow us to be logical. Because the laws thatallow us to be logical are not physical things, we must believe inthem. Therefore the laws of logic are presuppositions that we holdto be true. Every scientist (and all people) believes these laws aretrue (holds to this presupposition), otherwise they would not beable conduct science at all. Whether you believe in God or not,every day you confirm Gods existence by using logical reasoningskills. Therefore, an evolutionist proves the existence of Goddaily, even while trying to deny Him. Jason Lisle, in his book TheUltimate Proof of Creation, summarizes it this way, “If evolutionwere true, science and reasoning would not be possible; therewould be no basis for logic, nor would there be any basis foruniformity in nature. So if evolutionists were consistent with theirworldview, they would not be able to reason or do science. Yetevolutionists are able to reason and to do science. Thus it follows ~ 43 ~
    • that evolutionists do not consistently rely upon their ownworldview. They rely upon creationist presuppositions.”10We are all biased!Logic is the most basic level of true knowledge that God gave eachof us at birth. We intuitively use logic daily, but as we havedetermined already, a belief system is needed in order to use logiceffectively. As a Christian, I believe that God is who He said Heis. I believe the Bible is true and accurate in its history. I believethe Bible describes the character of God perfectly; without anyerror. I also believe that the Bible, although not a sciencetextbook, is completely accurate when it speaks about scientificmatters. This is my presupposition, and everything written in thisbook is written with this presupposition in mind. Therefore, thisbook is completely biased and I admit this with all honesty andwithout any hesitation. Of course, anyone reading this book alsohas personal biases. Your bias might agree with my bias, or it maynot. None of us are neutral on any topic. It is important that we arehonest and open about our biases. It may be that our biases areincorrect and that a different bias provides a better interpretationand explanation. I have evaluated my bias many times and in theend I agree with Cornelius Van Til when he expressed hissentiment this way, “Now, in fact, I feel that the whole of historyand civilization would be unintelligible to me if it were not for mybelief in God. So true is this, that I propose to argue that unlessGod is back of everything, you cannot find meaning in anything.”11 ~ 44 ~
    • Ask yourself these questions as they relate to the origin of life andanswer them honestly.(1) What are your biases about the origin of life?(2) Are your biases sufficient to explain the space-mass-timecosmos of this universe?(3) If your bias is not sufficient to explain the space-mass-timecosmos, are you willing to accept another bias that is moresufficient?These are great questions for anyone to ask themselves. I canhonestly say that I believe that my bias (the God of the Bible is theCreator) is the only legitimate bias to have. I know that thisstatement might challenge and offend those who have a differentbias, but is it not true that someones bias must be the correct bias.Therefore, each of us should be asking ourselves how we can knowwhich bias is the correct bias to have.The reason that I can be so bold about my bias is not because I feelsuperior about myself but because I feel my God is superior. Ibelieve that all other biases are not capable of logicalinterpretation. The biblical presupposition allows me to havereason to trust my own logical conclusions. This is because mylogic has a true foundational basis in the God who created the lawsthat govern logic. My logic is in perfect agreement with Godslaws. An atheistic evolutionist believes neither God nor the Bibleare true, and because of this, has no explanation for the existence ~ 45 ~
    • of logic. Remember, logic cannot evolve. Why would anevolutionist trust his own evolved brain to come to a logicalconclusion about anything? When an evolutionist says that theworld evolved, why should he even trust his own thoughts? Thereis no logical way for an evolutionist to defend his own belief. Anevolutionist must borrow from the biblical framework of belief(that there are absolutes) in order to use logic affectively. This iswhy evolutionists can never truly be logical. We, as humans, canonly be logical because God is the God of logic and He created usin His image.12 Denying the God of logic makes one completelyillogical. This is why I can be so bold in my statement.Suppressing the TruthIn the book of Romans we find a perfect portrayal of this entirechapter. Romans 1 (verses18-20) states, The wrath of God is beingrevealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickednessof people, who suppress the truth by their wickedness, since whatmay be known about God is plain to them, because God has madeit plain to them. For since the creation of the world God‟s invisiblequalities—his eternal power and divine nature—have been clearlyseen, being understood from what has been made, so that peopleare without excuse.This passage makes it absolutely clear that everyone knows thatGod exists because God is plain to them. You might question whatis so plain to everyone. The next verse explains what is plain toeveryone; God‟s invisible qualities—his eternal power and divinenature—have been clearly seen. How can you see invisible ~ 46 ~
    • qualities? Gods invisible qualities are the very laws that governthe way that all living things work and function. So, you can seethe invisible qualities of God when you see the effects of the lawsthat God created. It is Gods eternal power and divine nature thatkeeps everything functioning as it does. Nothing in this universe,galaxy, planet, body, cell, molecule, or even atom, would functionwithout Gods laws in place. He upholds everything by His power.Gods eternal power is so forcefully evident that all people arewithout excuse. This means that God has given us enough evidenceof His own existence from His creation alone. God created us withbrains that could perceive Him through his laws, that govern boththe created world and thought itself, and He expects us to come tothis logical conclusion; that He exists. Those who state that there isno God are doing so out of their own presupposition, not becauseof lack of evidence. The next verse (21) states this clearly, Foralthough they knew God, they neither glorified him as God norgave thanks to him, but their thinking became futile and theirfoolish hearts were darkened. Although they claimed to be wise,they became fools and exchanged the glory of the immortal Godfor images made to look like a mortal human being and birds andanimals and reptiles. Everyone knows God exists, some however,choose to deny His existence anyway! “Men cannot long besatisfied with chaos, however. Each person is so conditioned by allhis observations and experiences to think in terms of causation andpurpose that he must, even despite himself, look for some kind ofultimate order and meaning in the universe. If he has lost faith inthe true God, and His Word, then he must sooner or later findanother god.”13 An atheist, by denying Gods existence, hasconvinced himself there is no God, but in actuality he has deifiedhimself as god, and thus has exchanged the glory of the immortal ~ 47 ~
    • God for images made to look like a mortal human being. As theverse states, their thinking became futile and their foolish heartswere darkened. Although they claimed to be wise, they becamefools... The Bible explains that those who do not believe in Godare fools because they exchange Gods logic for foolish arguments(evolution), all the while trying to deny the existence of God byusing the very logic that God created them to use to know Him.This is the pinnacle of foolish thinking.The progression of foolishness from Romans 1 is outlinedbelow.God is known by all→He is denied because of personalpresuppositions→Ability to make logical sense of the world islost→ Becomes a fool→Heart is darkened→Gods glory isexchanged and given to a false god or self→Gods wrath isreleased on foolish man.The progression of wisdom is outlined below.God is known by all→He is accepted as the only God→Has theability to make logical sense of the world→Becomes wise→Givesglory only to God→Gods approval and happiness is felt andknown completely.Which progression above would you place yourself in?If you acknowledge God as Creator, you are seeking true wisdom;however, if you deny God as Creator your thinking is based on ~ 48 ~
    • foolishness. If the latter is the case, it is not too late to accept Jesusand seek Gods wisdom.ConclusionAt the conclusion of this chapter there are three important points tore-state. (1) The battle between evolution and creation is really a battlebetween religious beliefs and worldviews, not scientific evidences. (2) “True reason and true science will lead to God, but mandoes not want to submit to God and, therefore, denies the evidenceof his own reason.”14 (3) Logic only has a basis in the Biblical Worldview.It is a peculiar thing that some people, who neither believe in God,nor creation, still claim that logic could exist. The fact of thematter is that logic has no basis outside of a Creator God. In thenext chapter we will learn more about the Creator of all things.Notes and references:1 Although evidence is neutral, we are never neutral. All of us have presuppositionsthat determine the way we interpret evidence. Jesus Himself confirms this when hesaid, Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with mescatters. (Luke 11:23) Personal neutrality is an impossible position. ~ 49 ~
    • 2 Richard Lewontin, “Billions and billions of Demons,” The New York Review,January 9, 1997, p. 31.3 It should also be noted that anyone who believes that absolute truth and absolutereality do not exist is inconsistent in their belief. For example, anyone who tries todeny the absolute reality of gravity will meet the absolute truth of death when theyjump from a 20 story building. Everyone must live and behave daily in ways thatassume the existence of both absolute truth and absolute reality, and therefore, thosewho deny it are living in direct contradiction to their denial of it.4 Michael Ruse,”Saving Darwinism from the Darwinians,” National Post, May 13,2000, B-3.5 Using the scientific method, scientists set up experiments to determine causality inthe physical world. Imbedded within the scientific method and experiments is ahypothesis or several hypotheses about causal relationships. The scientific methodis used to test these hypotheses.6 This chart has been compiled from information appearing in Morris(3), pg. 109.7 Morris (5), pg. 22.8 Morris (3), pg. 112.9 Morris (3), pg. 123.10 Lisle, Jason. The Ultimate Proof of Creation, Green Forest: Master Books, 2009.11 Van Til, Cornelius. Christian Apologetics, Phillipsburg: P&R PublishingCompany, 2003.12 Genesis 1:26; The “image of God” is not a physical image, as if we look likeGod‟s physical body. Rather, the “image of God” represents a “mental, moral, andsocial likeness“. (see Made in the image of God by Russell M. Grigg,http://creation.com/made-in-the-image-of-god. Creation Ministries International.)13 Morris (3), pg. 124.14 Morris (3), pg. 124.Figure 2:1 – Illustration recreated from... Chittick, Donald E. Ph.D. The Puzzle ofAncient Man. Newberg: Creation Compass, 2006. ~ 50 ~
    • Do you not know? Have you not heard? The LORD is the everlasting God, the Creator of the ends of the earth. He will not grow tired or weary,and his understanding no one can fathom. Isaiah 40:28 ~ 51 ~
    • Chapter 3 The God of CreationThe Necessity of a CreatorLogic has proven the necessity of a Creator! The theory ofevolution has no logical basis to defend itself, therefore,evolutionists are forced to adopt one of two positions; (1) admittheir own worldview cannot possibly make sense of the universeand adopt the Christian worldview which can make sense of theuniverse, or (2) admit their own worldview is illogical and ceasefrom using logical thought processes to explain their theory.Evolutionists, of course, will not easily adopt either position forobvious reasons. Evolutionists have placed themselves then in animpossible position from which there is no escape; either use Godslaws of logic to deny Gods existence (which actually proves Hisexistence) or deny their own rational minds and abandon logicaltogether (which would prove evolution a baseless opinion in asea of nothingness). God makes it plain that those who deny His ~ 52 ~
    • existence are fools; The fool says in his heart, “There is no God.”(Psalm 14:1) Denying God makes evolutionists (and evolutionarybased religions)1 hopelessly illogical and completely dependentupon the Christian worldview to make sense of the world.The universe demands a Creator and our reasoning is dependentupon His existence. The cosmos and its space-mass-time tri-unitywas not always in existence, as some evolutionists and most otherreligions suspect2, but had to be created by an ultimate GrandCause, which, as we discussed in the last chapter, can be noneother than the God of the Bible. Who else has the ability and powerto bring everything into existence but the God of the Bible? In fact,the space-mass-time continuum is mentioned in the very first verseof the Bible (Genesis 1:1); In the beginning (time)...God (theGrand Cause)...created (brought about for the first time)...theheavens (space)...and the earth (matter or mass). Evolution iscompletely dependent upon the pre-existence of the cosmos whichmust have been in place before evolution could function. Only theBible explains the origin of the cosmos adequately. So, yet oncemore, evolution (and other religions) must acknowledge the Truthof the Bible in order to make sense of their own beliefs. There isno escaping this simple conclusion. (This would be a good time toreview the characteristics of God discussed in the first chapter.) Figure 3:1 The Cosmos (Space-Mass-Time) must have been created at the same time. We observe that energy acts on matter as it occupies space over a given time. The functioning of the universe is set precisely on the interactions of these three components. Evolution must assume that the cosmos spontaneously began or that space, mass, and time evolved independently from each other. Since the cosmos is non-living, evolutionary mechanisms cannot be used in its formation. Evolution cannot explain the existence of the Space-Mass-Time continuum. ~ 53 ~
    • Ex NihiloIt is clear from the text above (Genesis 1:1) that God created thecosmos. The biblical verb used in this verse (Bara; ‫ )בָּרא‬means to ָּcreate out of nothing (Latin ex nihilo) or to bring about somethingthat is completely new in quality. We, of course, have nevercreated anything new that hasnt already existed previously. Wecan only form or manufacture something from pre-existingmaterials, but these materials were ultimately created by God. Inthe Bible, the verb used “to form” (yatsar; ‫ יָּצַר‬and sometimes asah;‫ )עשָּה‬is a different verb than is the verb used “to create” (Bara), ָּalthough they are sometimes used of God interchangeably. Theclear teaching of Genesis 1:1 is that God did not form the cosmosfrom materials that were already in existence but He createdeverything ex nihilo.3 ~ 54 ~
    • Obviously, mere processes have no abilities to create either.Processes can only shape and reform, but not create. Take forexample the process of natural selection. Natural selection canonly preserve traits (characteristics) that are beneficial to theorganism, but it can never create new traits. As has been notedmany times, natural selection might be able to explain the“survival of the fittest” but not the “arrival of the fittest”. Actually,natural selection is a process that supports the biblical conservationof “Kinds” better than evolutions use of natural selection toproduce new and novel types of organisms. God evidentiallyinstituted natural selection as a conservation process to maintainand sustain his created order. (See the section Thermodynamicsand Evolution and Biblical Kinds in this chapter.)Creation Is No Longer HappeningThe first verse of the Bible also proves that the creation wascompleted in the past and is not a continuous event. In thebeginning God created... and therefore, is not still creating. This“creating process” ended at the end of the creation week (See thesection Formative Works of God in this chapter.) when Godpronounced, Thus the heavens and the earth were completed in alltheir vast array. By the seventh day God had finished the work hehad been doing; so on the seventh day he rested from all his work.Then God blessed the seventh day and made it holy, because on ithe rested from all the work of creating that he had done (Genesis2:1). The combination of completed-finished-rested could signalno other logical conclusion than, creation is no longer happening. ~ 55 ~
    • This fact rules out any possible merger of the creation eventdescribed in the Bible and the theory of evolution4. Evolutionsuggests a continual progression of small incremental creations,whereas, the Bible presents the creation event as alreadycompleted, therefore, the law of non-contradiction proves theimpossibility that both of these conflicting views are correct.Although the “creating” came to a conclusion after the sixth day,God put into place two sustaining laws that would govern Hiscreation. These sustaining laws are the laws of 1st and 2ndthermodynamics. (See the section Thermodynamics and Evolutionin this chapter.)God Created InstantlyTwo verses later (Genesis 1:3) we notice another remarkable fact;God created instantaneously. And God said, “Let there be light,”and there was light. God simply spoke light into existence. Thepower of His Word brought about everything. So, once again,evolution is denied explicitly in these verses. Because the creationwas completed instantaneously in the past, evolutions slow-and-steady change could not possibly be a mechanism that God used tobring about the cosmos. God does not contradict Himself.God Is Not The CosmosIt should also be noted that the subject of this first verse is God (Inthe beginning God) and that He created the heavens and the earth.This eliminates the possibility that God was a part of the cosmositself. God did not create Himself or bring about an essence of ~ 56 ~
    • Himself. He created something entirely new; something that neverexisted before and something that was separate in quality fromHimself. In short, God is not the cosmos and the cosmos is notGod, nor did the cosmos pre-exist God but it was God who pre-existed the cosmos.As you see, the first verse of the Bible is the most conclusive andprecise statement that has ever been uttered. In this one verse wecan conclude the following:  God is the Grand Cause.  God is not the same as the cosmos (space-mass-time) or contained within it.  God pre-existed before the cosmos.  God is the only one who can “create” anything and He did so ex nihilo.  Gods creation was completed in the past.  God created instantaneously by His powerful Word.Creation Has Documented HistoryBecause God is the Creator and speaks nothing but Truth, we cantrust what He says about His own creation. After all, He was theonly eye-witness to the creation event and so, historically, we haveall the reason to believe in Gods own description as first handevidence. It must be pointed out that the theory of evolution is notable to provide such a witness. Its history is not from an eye-witness account like the biblical explanation, but pieced together ~ 57 ~
    • using hypothetical words such as “what if”, “perhaps”, and“maybe”. These are hardly scientific words and they leave noconfidence in the end of the matter. The Bible, on the other hand isdefinite. There is no hesitation in describing the precise order andmanner in which God created the world. The Bible does not leaveus with cloudy, half-descriptive words like evolution does; on thecontrary, we are presented with a confident self-assertion of God asthe Grand Cause and designer of all things. The first threechapters of the Bible are a play-by-play of Gods actions to createthe material, biological and spiritual dimensions of our world andalthough they do not describe every single detail of the creation,they do present a more than satisfying account for the existence ofthe universe. G.K. Chesterton could not have said it better whenhe remarked, “The riddles of God proved more satisfying than theanswers proposed without God.”5The Bible never tries to prove that God is the Creator, rather it isassumed from the beginning. Since God is the author of the Biblethis makes perfect sense. God does not need to provide anapologetic of His own existence, rather, the creation itself providesa more than adequate witness to His own power, order, andwisdom. Those who do not accept Gods silent witness of Himself(General Revelation) will never accept His verbal witness ofHimself (Special Revelation).The General RevelationGods creation might be called a “general revelation” becauseeveryone has received the same evidence. We all wake to the same ~ 58 ~
    • sun and conclude our day with the same moon. We all observe thechange of seasons, the cycles in nature, the complexities of life,and perceive the world from our special senses. God makes itclear that the creation alone is enough evidence to know He exists.As was discussed in chapter 2, Romans 1:20 declares, For sincethe creation of the world God‟s invisible qualities—his eternalpower and divine nature—have been clearly seen, beingunderstood from what has been made, so that people are withoutexcuse. Psalm 19 (verses 1-4) portrays this sentiment perfectly aswell, The heavens declare the glory of God; the skies proclaim thework of his hands. Day after day they pour forth speech; nightafter night they reveal knowledge. They have no speech, they useno words; no sound is heard from them. Yet their voice goes outinto all the earth, their words to the ends of the world. No one onthis planet can say, “God has not given me enough evidence tobelieve that He exists.” Clearly, His universe is shouting to all whowill listen that He is the mind behind the matter.From the creation alone we can determine a few attributes of God‟scharacter. We can determine that God is orderly and uniform andvery creative. The question that all of us face is, from where didthe order and uniformity of the physical universe come from? Anillogical position would be to accept that a random, purposeless,and unguided process like evolution could account for the orderand design of the universe. To not believe in a Creator is to denycause-and-effect relationships and reality itself. Evolutionistsmust deny this obvious reality each day as they are forced tofabricate fantastic stories to account for the order and uniformity ofthe universe through natural processes alone. Evolutionists,however, know in their hearts that God is real and this is ~ 59 ~
    • represented by their incessant deification and personification ofevolution in order to attribute the order and design of the universeto something greater than themselves. The next time you read anarticle written from an evolutionary perspective look fordescriptions like assembled themselves, constructed, built,manufactured, emerged, arose, burst onto the scene, modifieditself, was lucky, and created. These descriptive terms are used toexplain how sheer molecules can manipulate natural processes tobecome more complex in structure and function. Not only is thiscontrary to established laws of science (See Thermodynamics andEvolution in this chapter.), but it is dishonest. These are subtleattempts to circumvent God by giving evolution abilities that onlyGod can possess. It is at moments like this that evolutionists revealtheir own inner battle with the evidence. They must either deny theapparent design of nature or attribute it to evolution in God-likefashion. It is impossible to deny the apparent design of theuniverse; therefore, evolutionists attribute the evidence of design toevolution (their god) or try in vain to deny the undeniable; asleading Darwinist Richard Dawkins does in his book ClimbingMount Improbable when he states that evolution “...has only theappearance of being intelligently designed.”6 Or in similar scope,as Francis Crick puts it “Biologists must constantly keep in mindwhat they see was not designed, but evolved.”7 Obviously (thoughthese statements are supposedly in favor of evolutionary theory)statement such as these provide first-hand evidence of the crisisthat evolutionists face. These sorts of comments reek of montra-like pronouncements hoping in vain to wish-away the obvious factthat things exhibit order and uniformity, which are features ofdesign and henceforth, demand a Designer. ~ 60 ~
    • In the end, an evolutionists own words prove that he knows andperceives the God of the Bible through His creation but, asRomans 1:20 declares, he is …suppressing the Truth. “God has somade man that he intuitively recognizes Gods existence, at leastuntil his training or religious traditions have educated it out ofhim.”8In summary, there are two obvious qualities of the generalrevelation that are understood by all; (1) its apparent order and (2)uniformity in design. It is from these two that the first steps towardknowing and understanding God must be met. Evolution cannotexplain the existence of either. “It is no accident that at every levelof the cosmos–sub-atomic, atomic, organic, inorganic, sub-human,human, earth, moon, sun, stars, galaxies–all things manifestamazing order and rationality that can be reasonably explainedonly as the result of a deliberate, creative act of God.” 9The Special RevelationIn the Christian worldview, general revelation is enough tocondemn, but not enough to save. In other words, to admit thatthere is a Creator does not mean that one has been pardoned fromtheir sin nor does it mean that they have received Gods Salvation.The Bible declares ...You believe that there is one God. Good!Even the demons believe that—and shudder (James 2:19).Obviously, demons have not been pardoned from their sin, norreceived Gods Salvation. It takes more than a concept of a Creatorto receive Salvation. ~ 61 ~
    • Since, the general revelation is only enough to prove Godsexistence, He provided a greater revelation that speaks of Hischaracter and divine nature. This greater revelation is often calledthe “special revelation” and is none other than the Bible. “In theBible, the reader meets Gods most direct form of specialrevelation: the person of Jesus Christ.” 10 God then, wants ...allpeople to be saved and to come to a knowledge of the truth. Forthere is one God and one mediator between God and mankind, theman Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all people (1Timothy 2:4-6).Unfortunately, evolution has deceived many into believing thatthere is no God, and therefore, the special revelation is ignoredbecause the general revelation is denied. If the general revelationis denied then the hope of salvation is lost, because it is in thespecial revelation that Jesus Christ is revealed. (See Chapter 6, TheGod of Salvation).The Triumph of Gods Special Revelation“It is better theology and philosophy to begin with the God of theBible to explain the universe than to begin with the universe toexplain God.”11 This is true because the general revelation can bemisinterpreted. As we discussed in the last chapter, manspresuppositions may lead him to an interpretation of the evidencethat denies Gods existence. This is why an evolutionist can lookat evidence that clearly supports a Creator and yet, deny that Heexists. Secondly, as will be discussed in the next chapter (The Godof Man), the entire creation is subject to decay. This is a result of ~ 62 ~
    • the “Fall of Man” which not only affected mans relationship withGod but also introduced pain, suffering, and decay into thephysical world. Anyone who denies the special revelation willmiss these explanations and thus, will likely misinterpret theevidence. Only with the Bible as the primary interpretation toolcan we successfully comprehend the world around us. In a sense,our minds are corrupted and need to be purified. Only the Biblecan purify them. Evolutionists begin with the wrongpresupposition (no God), restrict themselves to the generalrevelation only, and use their corrupted minds to interpretevidence. No wonder their conclusion is incorrect. (You mightwant to review the Progression of Foolishness at the end ofChapter 2.)Not only can man never arrive at a correct interpretation of thephysical world without the Bible, he can never answer the “big”questions without it either. The general revelation might help usanswer the “temporal” questions of life; it does little to help usanswer the “eternal” questions of life. For instance, only Godsspecial revelation can answer the following questions.  Why are we here?  Does God Exist?  Why do men have physical emotions like sadness, happiness, and joy?  How can I be saved?  How can I know God?  Why do I feel guilty when I do bad things? ~ 63 ~
    • It will do little good in the end of it all if you can recite the steps amitochondria takes to convert sugar to energy, however, if youknow the living Savior Jesus Christ, your soul will be saved foreternity.The general revelation is to be acknowledged, and even studied,but if it remains the only source of knowledge for an individual; itand the persons soul will be lost for eternity. The Bible makes itclear that the special revelation triumphs the general revelation.Two verses in the Bible that specifically pinpoints the relationshipbetween Gods general and special revelations are Isaiah 40:8 andJohn 1:1-4. The passage in Isaiah reads, The grass withers and theflowers fall, but the word of our God endures forever. The grass(general revelation) is temporal, but the Word of God (specialrevelation) is eternal. Only investments in Gods economy (Bible)will pay dividends. This world will pass away but as Jesus says,my words will never pass away (Matthew 13:31). Gods Word iseternal because the Word (Jesus) is God, and of course, God iseternal. The passage in John mentioned above explains therelationship thus, In the beginning was the Word, and the Word waswith God, and the Word was God. He was with God in thebeginning. Through him all things were made; without himnothing was made that has been made. In him was life, and thatlife was the light of all mankind.It is necessary that we breakdown this verse.(1) In the beginning... This represents the origin of the cosmos.Refer to the discussion of Genesis 1:1 at the beginning of thischapter. ~ 64 ~
    • (2) was the Word... The Word is Jesus. In Greek, Logos (λόγος)can mean mind, reason, thought, wisdom, intelligence, idea, law,order, purpose, and design.12 All of these attributes converge inJesus. Maybe the best translation for Logos is the “Mind of God”.Therefore, Jesus is the Mind of God expressed in a physical body.Logos is also the root for the English word Logic. So in essence,when we use logic to reason we are confirming Jesus as the Oneand only true expression of God.(3) and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. Jesus iseternal and not separate from God; He is God. (See theexplanation for the Trinity at the end of chapter 1.)(4) Through him all things were made; without him nothing wasmade that has been made. Jesus is the Creator and He holds allthings together by His power. It is through Jesus that all thingsabide. (See also Colossians 1:15-17.)(5) In him was life, and that life was the light of all mankind. Truelife can only be found in Jesus Christ alone. He came to this worldto shed light in darkness. Unfortunately, many still live indarkness because they are deceived by philosophies that lead themaway from Jesus Christ, the “Light of the World” (John 3:19 andJohn 8:12).“The flow of this passage sets forth the parameters of Christianphilosophy: mind before matter; God before man; plan and designbefore creation; life from life; and enlightenment from the Light.The orderly universe was conceived in the orderly and rational ~ 65 ~
    • mind of God before it was created. Without the Logos there wouldbe no cosmos.” 13As you see, the special revelation of God is Jesus Christ Himselfwho is revealed in the Word of God, and is the Word of God. Whyis the special revelation necessary for Salvation? It is because,Salvation is found in no one else, for there is no other name underheaven given to mankind by which we must be saved (Acts 4:12).The Works of GodSince God Created the world we can now turn to the specificmanner to which the Creation took place. We can divide thecreation process into two separate events; (1) creative (Bara) and(2) formative (Asah and Yatsar).Creative Works of God 14  Creation of the physical elements of the universe-space, mass, energy, time (Genesis 1:1).  Creation of conscious life (Hebrew Nephesh), including both soul and spirit (in the sense of “breath”). Animals possess components of both the created physical elements and conscious life (Genesis 1:21).  Creation of human beings in the image of God. Men and women are tri-unities of body, soul, and spirit (in the sense of the divine image). The human body is much more complex than that of the highest animal, as is the human soul/breath complex. Only men and women possess, in addition, the ~ 66 ~
    • image of God (Genesis 1:27). Figure 3:2 The illustration below shows the formative days of Creation. This illustration is the logo for Creation Education Ministries of Thailand (CEMT).Formative Works of God 14  Day One: Energizing the cosmos, as centered in the light energy (Genesis 1:2-5)  Day Two: Formation of the atmosphere (“firmament”) and hydrosphere, both of which are necessary for life and are unique to earth among the planets (Genesis 1:6-8).  Day Three: Formation of the lithosphere (the solid earth) and biosphere (earths cover of vegetation), a necessity for animal ~ 67 ~
    • life (Genesis 1:9-13).  Day Four: Formation of astrosphere in a different “firmament” (Hebrew raqia, referring to an “expanse” of stretched-out place), including all the stars, galaxies and planets (Genesis 1:14-19).  Day Five: Formation of different kinds of animals for the atmosphere (birds) and hydrosphere (fishes), each to reproduce only “after its kind” (Genesis 1:20-23).  Day Six: Formation of different kinds of land animals for the lithosphere and biosphere, as well as one male body and one female body (Adam and Eve) to serve as progenitors of all later human beings (Genesis 1:24-31).  Day Seven: Completion and sanctification of “all the work which God created and made” (Genesis 1:31-2:3).The order described above accords perfectly with the observablebiological world. There are no contradictions present neither in theorder nor in the descriptions of organisms created. In fact, the orderpresented above is far superior to any hypothesized evolutionarydevelopment of the species through millions of years of randommutations. It must be noted, however, that the order of the creationevents described in the Bible does not agree with modernevolutionary theory. It is absolute absurdity to suggest that theprocess of evolution and the Creation event in the Bible couldsomehow be harmonized. We must remember that the law of non-contradiction strictly forbids the possibility that contradictorytheories could both be true. We must conclude then, that eitherCreation or evolution is logically impossible. ~ 68 ~
    • Evolution Creation Sun before earth Earth before sun Dry land before sea Sea before dry land Sea creatures before land Land plants before sea plants creatures Stars before earth Earth before stars Death before man Man before death Reptiles before birds Birds before reptiles Figure 3:3 This is a sampling of contradictions in the order of appearance on earth. There are hundreds of contradictions between these two beliefs.There is one more very persuasive point to be made in relation tothe days of creation described in the Bible. Most (if not all)cultures around the world function on a six day work week withone day rest. Although the day of rest may be different for differentcultures, the scenario remains consistent. Henry Morris speaks ofthis fact when he notes, “The most fascinating aspect ofchronology is the history of the “week,” which has no astronomicalbasis. The “day” is measured by the regular appearance of the sunas the earth rotates; the “year” is measured by the annual rotationof the heavens as the earth orbits the sun; the “month” is measuredapproximately by the moons lunations, or intervals between newmoons, caused by the revolution of the moon around the earth. Theweek, however, has no astronomical basis at all, yet peopleeverywhere have always observed a weekly cycle: six days ofwork and a day of rest.”15 There seems to be no other reasonable ~ 69 ~
    • explanation except that in all cultures of the world there remains aremnant of the true creation week, passed down through the agesand modified in different cultures, but nevertheless still present inbasic form. In the observation of the week itself there is a silent butpowerful witness that confirms, ...in six days the LORD made theheavens and the earth, the sea, and all that is in them, but he restedon the seventh day. Therefore the LORD blessed the Sabbath dayand made it holy (Exodus 20:11).Thermodynamics and EvolutionBesides the Law of Causality, mentioned extensively in theprevious chapter, there are two other laws that are intriquatlyrelated to the created world. These laws are the 1st and 2nd Laws ofThermodynamics, or more commonly the law of conservation ofenergy and the law of increased entropy. After God created thespace-mass-time cosmos it is evident that He set in place theselaws to sustain His created world. “In its simplest form, the FirstLaw of Thermodynamics states that neither matter nor energy canbe created or destroyed. The amount of energy in the universe isconstant – energy can be changed, moved, controlled, stored, ordissipated. However, this energy cannot be created from nothing orreduced to nothing. Every natural process transforms energy andmoves energy, but cannot create or eliminate it. This principleforms a foundation for many of the physical sciences.”16 Thesecond law likewise states that, “Entropy is defined as a measureof unusable energy within a closed or isolated system (the universefor example). As usable energy decreases and unusable energyincreases, "entropy" increases. Entropy is also a gauge of ~ 70 ~
    • randomness or chaos within a closed system. As usable energy isirretrievably lost, disorganization, randomness and chaosincrease.”17 Both of these laws are extensions of the Law ofCausality. We find that energy can change forms but not becompletely destroyed. At the same time, energy is becoming lessavailable to biological systems and is therefore contributing toincreased disorder in living organisms. These two laws are easilyobserved in nature, especially the Second Law. For example, aswe age our bodies become less able to function at the level it oncedid. This natural deterioration of our bodies shows that the SecondLaw affects all aspects of the cosmos as disorder increases overtime. Once again, the evolutionary worldview is at a loss to explainthe existence of these laws. But it is worse still for an evolutionistbecause these laws are contradictory to the mechanisms ofevolution. So, not only can an evolutionist not explain theirexistence, their existence disproves evolution.To exemplify just how the Second Law is contrary to evolutionconsider the origin of life. An evolutionist believes that life beganas a single-celled organism. This single-celled organism must havebeen very basic with few anatomical structures, information (in theform of DNA), or chemical pathways, etc. Therefore, according toan evolutionist this very basic organism must have continually,over millions of years, become more and more complex, until itproduced the extremely complex organisms we see today. Thisrequired building process for evolution though, is not in agreementwith the Second Law. The Second Law explains how organismsare in a state of decline and how they are continually becomingmore disordered and disorganized. Evolution demands an upwardmovement from basic to complex while the Second Law demands ~ 71 ~
    • a downward movement from complex to basic. Obviously, both ofthese processes cannot be functioning at the same time or theywould negate each other and according to the Law of Non-Contradiction, one of these explanations must be invalid. TheSecond Law is one of the most understood and observed laws in allof science and its consistency in all known realms of science makeit a trustworthy law. Unfortunately, the same cannot be said aboutevolution. The Second Law states conclusively that complexitymust have existed from the beginning, not built gradually.Complexity from the beginning not only supports the biblicalexplanation of creation but also is confirmed by science itself, inthe Law of Biogenesis (see the next section). ~ 72 ~
    • Figure 3:4 Compare the two graphs above. Notice that the evolutionary model and the Creation model are directly opposite of each other. The Second Law of Thermodynamics clearly supports the Creation model and opposes the evolutionary model. .Life Comes From Life (Omne Vivum Ex Vivo)There is one last law that demands some mention as it relates to theorigin of life. As has been discussed previously, evolutionistsbelieve that life came from non-living matter. This is a directviolation of the Law of Biogenesis, which states that life arisesfrom pre-existing life, not from nonliving material. The Law ofBiogenesis is an extension of the Law of Cause-and-Effect, in this ~ 73 ~
    • case, “like begets like”. Evolutionists have been forced to proposefairy-tale like stories in order to violate this law. “The evolutionistfaces a great temptation here, a serious stumbling block to hisfaith. It seems utterly impossible that dead matter could create life.At this point, surely, he will have to defer to logic andacknowledge that life must be produced by a Cause which is itselfalive. After all, scientists long ago showed experimentally that lifecomes only from life. Ah, but not so! The evolutionists faith isstrong enough to surmount even this barrier.” 18As has been shown, evolution is a theory that is contrary to manyestablished laws of science; therefore, it should be examinedcritically before one believes in its premises. It is not the purposeof this book to identify all of the weaknesses in evolutionarytheory (for which there are many) nor give a long list of evidencesin favor of biblical creation (for which there are many), but toshow the validity and accuracy of the Bible and the dependency ofscience upon it. Evidence itself can be twisted and turned to onesown worldview and so evidence is a very subjective sort of proof.Nevertheless, in the next few paragraphs several key evidenceswill be examined and in the end you will see that the biblicalcreation model far exceeds any evolutionary explanation for thesame phenomenon.Biblical KindsIt is a fact of common observation that organisms are very similarin structure and function. We observe that mammals are allsimilar, birds are all similar, frogs are all similar, and so on. Not ~ 74 ~
    • only are organisms of the same genera very similar but at timeseven of the same order or family.19 Evolutionists seize everyopportunity to claim that similarities prove divergence oforganisms from a primitive species. “After all”, an evolutionistmight exclaim, “what other explanation could explain why thereare so many similarities between the species?” And so, anevolutionist walks away with his head held high in pridefulexuberance as if he has just stated, “check mate”. Well, as it turnsout, this child-like victory dance is very short lived when one trulyexamines the evidence.When we pause to evaluate our observations we must concludethat organisms exhibit both continuity and discontinuity. Thecontinuity of life is the observed similarities of organisms and thediscontinuity is the observed differences. For example, allorganisms contain DNA as their genetic information. This wouldexemplify the continuity of life. However, not all organismspossess the same morphological structures (wings, horns, beaks,fins, etc.). These major differences in structure represent lifesdiscontinuity. Although, evolutionists will often play word gamesto suggest that convergence and divergence can explain both thecontinuity and discontinuity of life, a major challenge to the theoryexists. It is true that if evolution produced life, then life shouldshow continuity (similarities), but is it not also true that if Godcreated life, then life would also show continuity. In other words,only if youve accepted evolution already will this argument beconvincing. To a creationist, the continuity of life proves only thatGod created a basic plan for all living organisms and in Hiswisdom He modified the plan to fit the distinct type of organism.So the continuity of life doesnt provide unique support for ~ 75 ~
    • evolution.Although the continuity of life could go either way, thediscontinuity of life (differences) proves a greater challenge for anevolutionist. Why, if evolution is true, are there distinct groups oforganisms that seem to be physically and genetically separatedfrom the other distinct groups? Frogs, snakes, dogs, turtles, horses,chickens, eagles, etc., are all distinct groups of organisms whichare different from the other distinct groups, yet within their owntype, they show amazing similarities. There seems to be a stasis indistinct groups limiting them from genetic interactions withmembers of other distinct groups. While variation potential isabundant in a distinct group there is no observed verticalevolutionary movements from one group to the next. So obvious isthis that, “...if evolution is the true cosmology, the gaps should notbe there at all. That is, if all organisms have really descended byslow development from a common ancestor, under the sameconditions in the same world, they ought now to be all inter-connected by imperceptible gradations from one form into another.In fact, it would be impossible to develop any kind of classificationsystem at all, since we could never tell where one kind of organismstopped and the next began.” 20 Figure 3:5 The evolutionary connections in the illustration below are unobservable and therefore are only hypothetical connections. Figure 3:6 The Created Kind Model fits the scientific evidence perfectly. ~ 76 ~
    • Figure 3:5 Figure 3:6 ~ 77 ~
    • Indeed, the very reason we have a classification system is notbecause of lifes similarities but because of lifes differences. Ifevolution were true there is no clear explanation as to why all thesedistinct groups are genetically separated one from the other. Thereis however, a better explanation.In the Bible we are told that God created “kinds” of organisms.The Bible does not say that God created every species, but “kinds”.In fact, in the first chapter of Genesis alone, the phrase accordingto its kind is used ten times. The question would be, what is a“Biblical Kind”? Is it the same as a modern day species? Theobvious meaning of “kind” in the Bible is a reproductive unit,signifying that if two organisms could reproduce they were of thesame “kind”. This might sound like the modern definition of aspecies but it must have been a broader group of organisms at thepoint of original creation. For example, we know that a donkeyand a horse can interbreed. However, the offspring produced fromthe union of these two species is a mule. A mule is a sterile hybrid;meaning it doesnt have the ability to produce more of its type. Acareful analysis of the horse and donkey suggest that they did notdevelop the ability to breed backwards from two specific types toproduce a mule, but rather, they must have belonged to the sameoriginal “kind” and lost the ability to produce fertile offspring.Therefore, most modern day species belong to a broader “kind” butmay have lost the ability to produce fertile offspring with mostother organisms of that original “kind”. We further observe thatwithin any one “kind” there is a large range of variation. As wehave already mentioned, horses must have originally all belongedto an original “kind”, but now (because of mutations) are placed in ~ 78 ~
    • different species because of their reproductive isolation. Considerthe variation potential of the horse and chicken “kinds”. Figure 3:7 Common observation leads us to the conclusion that distinct kinds (Biblical Kinds) of organisms are genetically isolated from each other. Although, there is much variation potential in each “kind” there is no horizontal movements between one “kind” and the next. Scientific observations confirm and support the Biblical Kind Model. ~ 79 ~
    • Horses and chickens are distinct. We have never observed achicken become anything but a chicken, nor a horse becomeanything other than a horse. There are obvious genetic andphysical limitations between one kind and the next.In summary, distinct kinds of organisms, rather than supportingevolutionary theory, challenge its very core. It is the “BiblicalKind” that triumphs as all of our day-to-day observations confirmits basic premise. The Bible explains the continuity anddiscontinuity of life perfectly. As has been noted elsewhere, thereis enough continuity of life to prove that there is only ONECreator, but enough discontinuity to prove that evolution is animpossible explanation.Human BeingsThere is no doubt that humans are different from other organisms;physically, mentally, and spiritually. It is, once again, not thepurpose of this book to dispute all of the so-called evolutionarylinks that possibly led to the appearance of humans on this planet.The fact that the Bible positively affirms the uniqueness ofhumanity (made in the "image of God"), and never mentions anevolutionary progression is enough to deny the possibility in mymind. However, this is not to suggest that the evolutionist has aclear and concise explanation for the evolution of humans. Evenwithin the evolutionary world, human evolution is highly disputed.Instead of arguing over the presence or absence of morphologicalstructures and behavioral mechanisms, I will point, rather, tohuman characteristics for which evolution has no reasonable ~ 80 ~
    • explanation and for which the Bible does have reasonableexplanations. If evolutionists want to bicker over hypotheticalmorphologies and mechanisms in an attempt to explain howhumans might have descended from lesser creatures, let them doso. The ultimate questions for the human race are answered onlyby special revelation and no amount of scientific story telling willhelp us understand why we are so unique. As for me, the scientificevidence for human evolution is lacking and the Bible gives amore adequate explanation for human uniqueness. Lets explore afew human features that have no equal in the animal world. Thesefeatures have a clear explanation in the Bible but will remain amystery to an evolutionist. 1. Will Humans have the ability to choose between right and wrong and then act upon that decision. Our ability to desire and to will something is directly related to Gods character. God has a will and therefore He also has desires. Unfortunately our will and Gods will often collide as we try to assert our own will against Gods ultimate desire for us. In the purest sense, when we decide to follow our own will rather than Gods will; its called sin. Our sin is what separated us from God. The book of Genesis describes this rebellious act against God. (This will be covered more thoroughly in the next chapter.) Desires are not sinful because God has desires and He is Holy! The problem exists only when our desires deny or lead us away from Gods desire for our lives. Gods ultimate desire is that we would know Him intimately and reflect his love. If God had not given us the ability to desire or a will to act upon the desires, we would never be able to desire ~ 81 ~
    • or love Him. It is not necessary to reject human desire, however, we should channel our desire in the right direction; Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your mind and with all your strength (Mark 12:30). Rejecting God is a conflict between your will and His will. Loving and accepting God aligns your will with His will. Animals do not have a will; they act on instinct and basic survival mechanisms only. These are mechanical responses not volitional choices. The Human will is unique!2. Emotion Our emotions mimic Gods emotions. For example we feel pain, pleasure, joy, sadness, jealousy, envy, rage, love, hate, and can perceive beauty. The Bible explains that God...… was pleased that Solomon had asked for this. 1 Kings 3:10…will take great delight in you; in his love he will no longerrebuke you... Zephaniah 3:17…became angry with me also and said, “You shall not enter it,either. Deuteronomy 1:37In Ezekiel 16:42 several emotions were set forth in one passage.Then my wrath against you will subside and my jealous angerwill turn away from you; I will be calm and no longer angry.Although emotions are reflective of God, I am not suggestingthat our emotions are exactly like Gods emotions. God isalways in voluntary control of his emotions, we are not. Nor ~ 82 ~
    • should emotions be our primary source of revelation because ouremotions can often deceive us. Our primary source of revelationis always the Bible. Our range of emotions is unique to humanexperience and reflects Gods character!3. Reason To be logical is to be human. Animals do not work out math problems or ponder the meaning of life, but we do. Because Gods mind is reflected in His creation (laws of logic), we are able to reason. We are only able to reason because God exists. (Review chapter 2.) Reason is unique to humans!4. Language The ability to speak and communicate through written language is unique to humans. Although, some animals produce chirps, groans, howls, barks, and even dances, they do not come close to the abilities of human language. Since other animals have some communication abilities, verbal language provides little to no survival value and therefore is difficult to explain by some evolutionary scenario. Human language also tends to be simplified as time goes on, not becoming more complex as evolution would suggest it must. God created humans to communicate with Him from the beginning. The evolutionary suggestion that human language developed from primitive animal noises is ridiculous. Not only would the syntax need to be developed but the vocal morphology (larynx, vocal chords, etc.) also, and without the brain connections nothing would be possible; and all of this must have come about at the same time nonetheless. (We will discuss this more thoroughly in chapter 5, The God of ~ 83 ~
    • the Nations.) Verbal Language is unique to humans! 5. Dominion Humans have an innate knowledge that they are more valued than animals. We also feel an obligation to protect and help those animals less valued than ourselves. So our dominion comes with responsibility. Why do we feel this way? The Bible explains it thus, God blessed them and said to them, “Be fruitful and increase in number; fill the earth and subdue it. Rule over the fish in the sea and the birds in the sky and over every living creature that moves on the ground.” (Genesis 1:28) The word “subdue” doesnt mean to destroy the earth, because if it did, there would be nothing to “rule over”. Nor does “subdue” mean to worship or to make holy. Only God is holy! “Subdue” means to rule with responsibility. If evolution was the reigning paradigm we would feel no obligation to “Save the Panda” or to “Free Willy”. “Survival of the Fittest” would not lead us to help other animals but to eliminate them, especially if they were in direct competition with us. Other animals do not feel dominion over creation nor a responsibility to rule with responsibility. Do we see frogs with picket signs saying “crickets have rights too”? A sense of dominion and responsibility are unique only to humans because God made us to rule His creation and we innately know this to be true!Evolutionists are unable to explain these unifying humancharacteristics adequately. They are forced to conceive strange andfar-fetched scenarios to account for them, and in the end, nocertainty remains. The Bible gives logical, coherent, and easily ~ 84 ~
    • understood reasons why humans possess these characteristics. Wewere created in the “image of God”. It is this “image of God” thatwe focus on in the next chapter (The God of Man).Notes and References:1 All evolutionary religions [Non-Biblical Christianity (liberalism, esoteric cults,etc.); Non-Orthodox Judaism (Reform Judaism, Nationalistic Zionism); Non-Orthodox Islam; Ancient Pagan Religions (Babylon, Greece, Rome, Egypt, etc.);New-Age Mysticism (Witchcraft, Goddess Worship, Satanism, etc.); Hinduism(incl. Sikhism, Jainism, etc.); Confucianism; Buddhism; Taoism; Shintoism;Animism; Humanism; Atheism] are in the same dilemma as evolutionists; they haveno foundation for logic and by definition they are illogical. List of religionscompiled from: Morris, H. M. Dr. 2006. The New Defenders Study Bible.Nashville, TN: World Publishing, Inc., 2064 (Appendix 2).2 Only the Bible gives an adequate reason for the existence of the cosmos. All otherreligions must assume that it evolved or eternally existed, neither is scientificallyplausible.3 http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/aid/v2/n1/did-god-create-or-make DidGod create (Bara) or make (Asah) in Genesis 1? Dr. Terry Mortenson4 From the Bible alone, there is enough evidence to eliminate evolution as a methodthat God used to create the world. Even so, the law of non-contradiction denies thepossibility. However, there are still those who attempt to merge the two originbeliefs together as one, in so doing however, the biblical position is alwayscompromised. Examples of compromise positions are; the Day-Age Theory,Theistic Evolution, the Framework Hypothesis, Progressive Creation, and the Gap-Theory. Each of these compromise positions attempts to do what the Bible andscience say is impossible to do; mix evolution and Creation.5 G.K. Chesterton (Original source is unknown.)6 Dawkins, Richard. Climbing Mount Improbable. New York: W.W. Norton &Company, 1997. ~ 85 ~
    • 7 Crick, Francis. What Mad Pursuit: A Personal View of Scientific Discovery. NewYork: Basic Books8 Morris (2), 273.9 Noebel, David A. The Battle For Truth. Eugene: Harvest House Publishers, 2001.pg. 80.10 Carl F.H. Henry, as quoted in; Noebel, David A. The Battle For Truth. Eugene:Harvest House Publishers, 2001. pg. 45.11 Noebel, David A. The Battle For Truth. Eugene: Harvest House Publishers, 2001.pg. 44.12 The English word “Word” does little to express the Greek word “Logos”. Logoscan be translated into many English words such as reason, thought, logic, and law.But the best translation is probably “expression”. Therefore, In the beginning wasthe expression of God.13 Noebel, David A. The Battle For Truth. Eugene: Harvest House Publishers, 2001.pg. 81.14 Morris (6), 2074.15 Morris (2), 310.16 http://www.allaboutscience.org/first-law-of-thermodynamics-faq.htm17 http://www.allaboutscience.org/second-law-of-thermodynamics.htm18 Morris (5), 23.19 We must keep in mind that the modern classification system was a man designedsystem of organization. God has neither sanctioned nor approved this system as Hisown, and so, when confusions occur in respect to classification methods, groupings,hybridization, species limitations, and the like; it is not God who is the author of ~ 86 ~
    • this confusion but our own lack of knowledge on the matter.20 Morris (3), 264.Figure 3:5 and 3:6 are adaptations of PowerPoint slides from Mike Riddle‟spresentation, Can You Defend What You Believe. ~ 87 ~
    • When I consider your heavens, the work of your fingers, the moon and the stars, which you have set in place, what is mankind that you are mindful of them, human beings that you care for them? You have made them a little lower than the angels and crowned them with glory and honor.You made them rulers over the works of your hands; you put everything under their feet… Psalm 8:3-6 ~ 88 ~
    • Chapter 4 The God of ManImago DeiIn the last chapter we concluded that humans are incredibly uniquein the living world. We possess features such as a will, emotion,reason, and language which are limited or not present in otherorganisms. These unique features cannot simply be glossed overbut must be explained. My belief is that evolutionists have noplausible explanation for mans uniqueness. After all, in theevolutionary scenario man is nothing more than an evolved apeand should not be significantly different than any other animal onthe planet. This obvious chasm of separation between man andbeast is a clear indicator that man is not related to other organismsthrough a chain of slow developments. The Bible states that manwas created in the “image of God” (Imago Dei), and so, wepossess characteristics and abilities similar to God‟s own character.This similarity to God is not found in other animals. Thesecharacteristics and abilities can only be explained by Gods direct ~ 89 ~
    • introduction of them into the human mind and body and not bysome naturalistic method of development. If evolution is true, whyare there not many organisms with the same capacity to reason,communicate, interact, and contemplate the complexities of life ashumans can? Or, at least the question might be stated, why arethere not organisms that show a steady progression of thesecapacities and abilities from simple types to more complex formsuntil it produced the pinnacle form; the human being? Humanevolution alone is a concept so riddled with inconsistencies andholes that it should have long since been discarded in the dust heapof failed theories. These are questions that continually baffleevolutionists, and for which they have no reasonable response,except that, humans hit the evolutionary lottery, but this is only afaith-driven escape mechanism to avoid the obvious fact that nolegitimate answer exists.The fact of the matter is that humans are completely unique.Evolutionists must not only admit that humans are unique but alsothat their theories are insufficient to explain this uniqueness. Itseems as though, God has given humans a special ability to knowHis mind, relate to His creation, and to interact with Him directly.Although other animals exhibit the glory of God, they do not havethe ability to fully comprehend their own existence, nor understandtheir Creator as humans can. It is clear that the God of Logic hasgiven humans reasoning capacities that are unparalleled in theanimal world.This human uniqueness is due to an “image” or stamp of Godslikeness. The Bible speaks specifically of this uniqueness when itstates, Not all flesh is the same: People have one kind of flesh, ~ 90 ~
    • animals have another, birds another and fish another (1Cor.15:39). As we have already discussed, God created all animalsaccording to their “kinds”, which are very different than other“kinds”, and this is no different with humans, in fact, it is infinitelytruer with the human “kind”.If Gods image is truly in us, then we should possess Godsattributes (those discussed in the first chapter), at least to somedegree. For example, since God is love we have the capacity tolove; since God is omniscient, we have the capacity to know; sinceGod is unchangeable, we can trust our abilities to understand theworld, conduct science, and obtain knowledge. Every human onthis planet was created with this “image of God” and so we allhave these “Godly” attributes within us, although some have triedto reduce them, ignore them, or eliminate them all together. Someof these “Godly” attributes are off limits to us however. We willnever possess Gods sovereignty or be completely omniscient.Nevertheless, these attributes of God within us are undeniable andunexplainable apart from God and no evolutionary force couldhave produced them.Mans Tri-NatureAs we have seen from our discussion above, humans not onlypossess unique abilities but also have Gods image stamped ontheir very being. Humans also have a tri-nature that directlyreflects Gods tri-nature. The Bible makes it clear that God is onebeing made of three parts; Father, Son, and Spirit. The Father isGod, the Son is Jesus, and the Spirit is the invisible activator. This ~ 91 ~
    • tri-unity of God is often called the Trinity. Man also has a tri-nature; body, soul, and spirit. The body of man is the physicalcomponent (molecules, cells, organs, organ systems, etc.), the soulof man is the conscious nature (or the self), and the spirit is theintellect (or the will). The Bible makes it clear that humans dohave three separate natures. Observe these Bible verses below.The Body and Soul Are Different!Do not be afraid of those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul.Rather, be afraid of the One who can destroy both soul and body inhell (Matthew 10:28). Clearly there is a difference between thebody and soul. These are the very Words of Jesus.The Body and Spirit Are Different!While they were stoning him, Stephen prayed, “Lord Jesus, receivemy spirit.” (Acts 7:59) Obviously Stephen knew his body wasabout to die but his spirit was eternal and he begged Jesus toreceive his spirit, not his body.The Body is Physical Only!By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return tothe ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and todust you will return.” (Genesis 3:19) The body is onlybiochemistry, made from the elements of life. Only the soul andspirit are eternal. ~ 92 ~
    • I cannot summarize the relationship of Gods tri-nature andhumans tri-nature any more succinctly than Henry Morris didwhen he said, “In the biblical doctrine of the divine Trinity, theFather is the unseen essence of the godhead, the Son is the visibleexpression of the godhead, and the Spirit is the invisible butpowerful influence of God in His creation. So it is with man: hissoul is the unseen essence of the man, his person; his body is thevisible manifestation of his presence; and his spirit is the unseen,but energizing, personality of the man.”1The Fall of Man (and An Apparent Contradiction)From our previous discussion a question might arise. If we possessthe “image of God” within us why are we not perfect like He is?This is a great question. There is an apparent contradictionbecause while man possesses the character of God he also is sinful,depraved, rebellious, and selfish. Are we suggesting that God isalso sinful, depraved, rebellious, and selfish? Absolutely Not! Ofcourse this cannot be true because the Bible tells us that God isperfect, holy, just, righteous, and loving. So, why is there acontradiction within man‟s character? Why is man both so similarto God and so unlike God at the same time?Because Adam and Eve (the first two humans created directly byGod) possessed Gods image within them, and as of yet no sinexisted, they were able to communicate with God in ways that weare not able to communicate with God today. However, there wasone event that occurred early in our history which separated them,and consequently us, from God spiritually and which closed the ~ 93 ~
    • door of “perfect communion” with God. We still have Gods imagewithin us but now it is marred by a sinful nature. The event in theBible that changed our nature is often called “The Fall of Man” ormore simply, “The Fall”. This “fall” was both a spiritual and aphysical fall, in that, it negatively affected all human relationshipswith God while also introducing death, pain, destruction, decay,cancer, mutations and other mechanisms of disorder into thephysical universe. Some have suggested that this “fall” was theintroduction of the second law of thermodynamics, however, wecannot be sure that this was the exact point at which the secondlaw of thermodynamics was introduced but we do see an obviousconnection between the “fall” mentioned in the Bible and the“principle of disorder” associated with the second law ofthermodynamics. In Romans 8:22 the results of this event ismentioned directly, We know that the whole creation has beengroaning as in the pains of childbirth right up to the present time.We might question what happened that produced this “fall”. Let usoutline the events that led to this catastrophe of catastrophes; thesaddest day ever! God created everything perfect, including man. Genesis 1:31 states, God saw all that he had made, and it was very good. And there was evening, and there was morning—the sixth day. God gave man one command. Genesis 2:15-17 states, The LORD God took the man and put him in the Garden of Eden to work it and take care of it. And the LORD God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and ~ 94 ~
    • evil, for when you eat from it you will certainly die.” Man rejected Gods command by eating the fruit. Genesis 3:6 states, When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to her husband, who was with her, and he ate it. God cursed man (“The Fall”). Genesis 3:16-19 states, To the woman he said, “I will make your pains in childbearing very severe; with painful labor you will give birth to children. Your desire will be for your husband, and he will rule over you.” To Adam he said, “Because you listened to your wife and ate fruit from the tree about which I commanded you, „You must not eat from it,‟ “Cursed is the ground because of you; through painful toil you will eat food from it all the days of your life. It will produce thorns and thistles for you, and you will eat the plants of the field. By the sweat of your brow you will eat your food until you return to the ground, since from it you were taken; for dust you are and to dust you will return.” Pain, suffering, death, and decay entered the physical universe. Man was separated from God spiritually because of his sin against God. Genesis 3:23 states, So the LORD God banished him from the Garden of Eden to work the ground from which he had been taken. The curse extends up to the present day.Many well-meaning people have questioned whether God existsdue to the fact that evil, pain, death, and suffering exists in thisworld. One of the most common questions is, “if the God of the ~ 95 ~
    • Bible exists why does He allow death and pain, after all, doesntHe have the power to stop them?” This is a fair question to ask,for which there is a two-part answer.The typical error in the first part of the question, why does Heallow death and pain, is to assume that God is the cause of evil.This is man-centered. When we ask this question, our blame isfocused on God when it should be focused on ourselves. TheBible explains that God created a perfect world with absolutely nosin or evil. It was man (and still is man) that ruined God‟s perfectworld by sinning against a Holy God. The reason this world is fullof evil, death, and pain is our fault, not God‟s fault. When weaccuse God of creating an evil world we are blaming God for ourown disobedience, similar to when a child blames his parents forthe punishment given for his own disobedience.Weve answered the first part of this common question but whatabout the second part. Does God have the power to stop the evil inthis world? The quick answer is, yes! Let‟s remember from thefirst chapter that God is sovereign. This means that nothing (oranyone) has more power than God and nothing can force Him tochange his mind. So, we must conclude that God can stop all evilbut He chooses not to. Love demands a choice and if God removedthe penalty of our disobedience, it would also remove our ability tochoose Him and to love Him. Love has the ability to choose. Andso, God allowed humanity to choose Him, but it came at the cost ofman first rejecting Him. If God removed the penalty of sin (pain,death, etc.) it would make humans nothing more than robots,without a choice, following God because He programmed them todo so, but not from a pure motive of love. Adam and Eve rejected ~ 96 ~
    • God and we have been suffering the penalty ever since. But, weshould rejoice in the fact that God has provided a way to knowHim and to love Him. When we shake our fists at God and claimthat he is being unfair for allowing death and suffering to exist, dowe also praise Him for providing us with an opportunity to loveHim and to be loved? Yes, pain and death is bad news, but God‟severlasting love is the greatest news of all. Just as loving parentspunish their children so does God punish His children. The lovingpurpose of God is to bring his children (humans) back into a lovingrelationship with Himself.But, death shall not reign forever. At this point in our discussion, Iwill assure you that God has a plan to destroy all the evil, pain, andsuffering forever, but He has chosen not to destroy them just yet.He, instead, allows them to be a persistent punishment againstsinful man in order to humble man and to produce a response ofdependence toward Him. In the future, Jesus Christ will destroyall death, evil, and pain (we will discuss this aspect in the chapterGod of Salvation).When man made a decision to reject Gods command he deniedGods sovereignty and tried to replace it with his own sovereignty(or self-will). God is Truth and man tried to make his own truth bydenying Gods Word to man. If we look at this event at a deeperlevel we can note something very critical to our previousdiscussion about the law of non-contradiction. I have outlined theevent below. ~ 97 ~
    •  God said, “You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you will certainly die.” (Genesis 2:16-17)  Satan said, “You will not certainly die,”… (Genesis 3:4).Or, in terms of the law of non-contradiction.......  God said, “ If A then B!”  Satan said, “If A then non B!”It is absolutely clear that Satans statement was in directcontradiction to Gods command. This denial of Gods Truthstatement began a steady line of denial ever since. In fact, all sin isin some way a denial of Gods commands (laws). Satan challengedGods direct command and Adam and Eve not only listened butaccepted Satans lie as a fact, and therefore, became co-conspirators with Satan in his denial and contradiction of Godssovereignty and Truth. Even today, the battle is drawn along thesame lines; believe what God has said in His Word (Bible) or denywhat He has said and make your own truth for yourself (which issin against a Holy God).Mans tri-nature was affected negatively because of his rejection ofGods Word and each component was affected thus; his physicalbody began to decay, his soul turned inward and became self-centered, and the spirit turned away from God‟s will to servehimself and his own will and desires. Because we still possess the ~ 98 ~
    • “image of God” within us, a war is being waged on our very souls(mind, emotion, and will). God continually draws us to Himselfwhile our sinful nature attempts to reject Him.This “war of the wills”, as we might call it, will continue for ourentire life and we have no force to conquer our own will unlessGod, with his ultimate power, slays our own will and replaces itwith His. He has done so in the power of Christ Jesus but onlythose who believe in Him shall be victorious in this “war of thewills”. A simple question should be asked at this point, where areyou in this “war of the wills”? Is your own will dominating yourlife or have you allowed God‟s will to take over your life by thedominion of Jesus Christ‟s life within you?The Spiritual RealityThat humans are spiritual beings is no surprise. Humans have beengrasping after God (or a false god) ever since their originalrejection of God in the Garden of Eden. We, in essence, havewithin us an innate desire to worship (to praise, glorify, andcommunicate with God). We will in fact worship something, if notthe true God (of the Bible), then a false god or even the self, butwe will, by nature, worship something.This desire to worship is a direct result of losing our communionwith God (spiritual connection). When Adam and Eve sinnedagainst God, they lost direct spiritual communication with Him,and we have been yearning for it ever since. This does not meanthat God has stopped communicating to us however, more so, that ~ 99 ~
    • we have stopped listening to Him. Instead of directcommunication, God now speaks to us in a still small voice(conscience), through the created world (natural revelation) andmost directly and effectively by his Word (special revelation; theBible). Are you listening to Him? If you are expecting to hearfrom God then you must read the Bible, otherwise you are ignoringGod‟s primary method of communication to you. Major W. IanThomas sums up our situation remarkably well when he states,“This, in point of fact, is what has been happening all throughhuman history since Adam repudiated the basic principles of hisown humanity and decided to go it alone – without God! Man mayhide from God – as Adam did – but still the voice of God pursueshim, echoing within the spiritual vacuum of his homesick, godlesssoul with all the relentless persistency of a love that never fails,crying, „Son of Adam, where art thou? Where art thou? Where artthou?‟” 2True WorshipTrue worship is listening to God internally (our conscience, HisSpirit, His Word), obeying God externally (our actions), andglorifying God in your attitude and life. In short, our fulldependency on His power to work within us radiates His glory outof us. When Jesus was asked what was the greatest commandmentHe said “Love the Lord your God with all your heart and with allyour soul and with all your mind” (Matthew 22:37). This is trueworship and it is complete dependence of our tri-nature (soul,spirit, mind) on God. This dependency brings God glory. We haveso often replaced true worship and communication with God with ~ 100 ~
    • some alternate and less effective acts of worship. Feeling that wemust do something, we rush ahead to impress God with our acts ofdevotion and merit (work based effort to impress God), only torealize later that God is asking us to be still and know that He isGod, not to do something for Him. True worship is resting in whoGod is and surrendering yourself to His will, not doing somethingfor Him. God‟s salvation is never achieved through our owneffort. These less effective acts of worship, some true, but moreoften false forms of worship, have led us farther from God, ratherthan closer to Him. The outward signs of this effort is seen in“...the universality of prayer, sacrifice, a standard of righteousness[morality], and belief in immortality”3 All humans, no matter whatoutward religion, show elements of these four practices. In thenext chapter we will explore these practices individually to seehow they confirm our connection to the God of the Bible.References:1 Morris, (4), pg. 383.2 Thomas, Major W Ian. The Saving Life of Christ and The Mystery of Godliness.Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 19883 Morris, (2), pg. 291. ~ 101 ~
    • “Turn to me and be saved, all you ends of the earth;for I am God, and there is no other.” Isaiah 45:22 ~ 102 ~
    • Chapter 5 The God of the NationsIn the last chapter we established two truths; we are unique fromother organisms because we have the “image of God” within usand we are also separated from God because of a sin nature (due toAdam and Eve‟s contradiction and rejection of God‟s ultimatestandard).Because Adam and Eve were the two representative humans, andsince we are all their descendants, we are also plagued with thecurse of a sin nature. It is most evident in our daily lives that thisis exactly the case. The Bible confirms our sinful condition in thefollowing verses below.Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, anddeath through sin, and in this way death came to all people,because all sinned… (Romans 5:12) ~ 103 ~
    • For just as through the disobedience of the one man the many weremade sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man themany will be made righteous (Romans 5:19).As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins,..(Ephesians 2:1).Surely I was sinful at birth, sinful from the time my motherconceived me (Psalm 51:5).God looks down from heaven on all mankind to see if there are anywho understand, any who seek God. Everyone has turned away, allhave become corrupt; there is no one who does good, not even one(Psalm 53:2-3).…for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God,.. (Romans3:23).We have already discussed the “Fall of Man” previously, but let‟sreturn to make one more application before proceeding. Satan notonly directly contradicted God‟s truth statement but he alsoappealed to the human weakness of self-government. The Bibleexplains the interaction between Satan and Eve this way, “You willnot certainly die,” the serpent [Satan] said to the woman [Eve].“For God knows that when you eat from it [forbidden fruit] your ~ 104 ~
    • eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good andevil.” (Genesis 2: 4-5)*In short, Satan tempted Adam and Eve to become their own “gods”or to worship their own “gods” instead of allowing the real God torule their lives. Or, another way to state the same is, Satanchallenged Adam and Eve to become their own morality and tocreate their own truth, separate from God‟s dictated morality andultimate Truth. This deception of self-government- to seek andserve any god other than the true God- has been the humantendency since that fateful day when the first sin against Godoccurred in the garden. As we discuss how the nations of the worldcame to be, you will clearly see this tendency manifested throughthe false religions of man.A Brief History of HumanityFrom Adam and Eve‟s departure of God‟s standards, sin aboundedin the human race. Things went from bad to worse quickly. Infact, after about 1,600 years of human history things were so badthat the Bible records that, The LORD saw how great thewickedness of the human race had become on the earth, and thatevery inclination of the thoughts of the human heart was only evilall the time. (Genesis 6:5) ~ 105 ~
    • ~ 106 ~
    • The FloodThe flood was God‟s remedy for humanity‟s wickedness, as it wasworldwide and washed away everyone except Noah‟s direct line,from which it was said, Noah was a righteous man, blamelessamong the people of his time, and he walked faithfully with God(Genesis 6:9). Noah was chosen by God to build an ark (hugeboat) which would preserve him and his wife, his three sons andtheir wives, and two of every animal on the earth.1 Every otherliving organism (nepesh chayyah 2) died in the flood waters.Unfortunately the flood waters only washed away the physicalbodies of sin, the heart was still desperately wicked (Jeremiah17:9). It didn‟t take long for Noah‟s descendants to incline theirhearts to evil once again.The Tower of BabelGod gave a very specific command as Noah‟s family departedfrom the ark; Then God blessed Noah and his sons, saying to them,“Be fruitful and increase in number and fill the earth (Genesis9:1). God commanded that humans should increase in number(reproduce) and fill the earth (spread out across the face of theearth). Unfortunately, this command from God was either ignored,or purposely denied by the descendants of Noah as they left the arkbecause several chapters later it is recorded, Then they said,“Come, let us build ourselves a city, with a tower that reaches to ~ 107 ~
    • the heavens, so that we may make a name for ourselves; otherwisewe will be scattered over the face of the whole earth.” (Genesis11:4) Obviously from this verse we observe a conspiracy againstGod‟s command. The descendants of Noah revealed theirdeceptive hearts in a direct denial of God‟s command to fill theearth. We still today deny God and build our own cities ofdisobedience toward His commands, and thus, reveal our deceptivehearts as well. In the case of Noah‟s descendants, God took thingsinto His own hands and forced humanity to fulfill his will for theirlives. Instead of allowing these disobedient men to fulfill theirown wills for their lives, it is said that, …the LORD scattered themfrom there over all the earth, and they stopped building the city.That is why it was called Babel—because there the LORDconfused the language of the whole world. From there the LORDscattered them over the face of the whole earth (Genesis 11: 8-9).Have you ever wondered why so many languages are spokenaround the world? Here is the reason! God confused the languageof the whole world. What God does, He does well. What was theeffect of this language confusion? Groups of self-identifyinglanguages began to form and isolate themselves from other non-identifiable language groups, and thus, spread far and wide,claiming their own lands and regions around the world. God‟scommand to sinful humanity was finally fulfilled to the furthestdegree. This is why we also find differences in human physicalappearances. This separation caused genetic bottle-necks in thehuman genome3, which resulted in physical differences (height,skin tone, etc.). It is not the purpose of this book to account forevery human group around the world, but it is enough to say thatthe Bible does give a more than adequate explanation for the ~ 108 ~
    • language groups and physical differences of humans from this oneevent. The theory of evolution is still struggling to account forthese differences. The Bible has a clear and persuasive answer!There is one other point that should be noted relating to thisBiblical passage; all forms of evolutionism originated at Babel.Today, most religions adopt an evolutionary explanation for life‟sexistence. It is only the Biblical account that leads one to a correctunderstanding of life, humanity, and our role to the Creator God.The human conspiracy at Babel was a conspiracy against the Godof Creation, and therefore, those nations who rejected the God ofCreation were forced to invent an evolutionary explanation toaccount for life. Religions began to form from these God-rejectinggroups and evolutionary explanations became dominant themes intheir beliefs, but they couldn‟t completely forget the God ofCreation because God has …set eternity in the human heart(Ecclesiastes 3:11). Remember that all humans possess the “imageof God” within them, and so, must worship something. Sadly, thisrejection of God at Babel propelled many of the resulting nationsinto a false-worship of self or of a lesser imposter god(s). And so,Satan‟s original deception of self-government- that humans canproduce their own morality and be their own god- became thedominant belief among these newly divided nations, andconsequently of most nations today. ~ 109 ~
    • ~ 110 ~
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    • Abraham and the Chosen PeopleEven though man had been dispersed from Babel by the hand ofGod, rebellion against God and the heart of man was still only evilconstantly. God chose one person to be the “father” of God‟speople. God chose Abraham not for his righteousness or lack ofsin but because it was His pure pleasure to do so. However, Godhad to mold Abraham (and his descendants) to become the people(and nation) that he designed them to be. The purpose of these“chosen people” was to represent God to the other nationsthroughout the world. God chose the Jewish people to be hisrepresentative people (missionaries) so that other nations would beturned back to the One and only God. Unfortunately Israel did notrepresent Him very well and continually turned their backs on Hiscommands to them. However, God, as an ever loving fathercontinued to deal with their rejection and continued to bless them.In fact, God promised the Jewish nation that a Savior would comethrough them that would be …desired by all nations… (Haggai2:7). It is of this Savior that it is written “Turn to me and be saved,all you ends of the earth; for I am God, and there is no other…”(Isaiah 45:22). Jesus is this Savior.Moses and the LawGod‟s law has always been written on our hearts and we know thisby the human conscience, however, God directly wrote his law (orTen Commandments) in stone, as a guideline for the Jewish ~ 113 ~
    • people. As you will see from our discussion below, the law is onlya confirmation of our sinful nature, not a method of salvation fromour sinful nature. In other words, it is impossible for sinfulhumanity to fulfill the law perfectly, and so, its purpose (toindicate our sinfulness) is fulfilled in its declaration.As we mentioned in the last chapter, all humans throughout historyhave exhibited morality, prayed in some form, believed inimmortality, and made sacrifices for their sins. Let‟s explore theseindividually.MoralityLet me begin by asking you a simple question; are you a goodperson? Your answer, like most other people, is probably yes!Then I would ask; by what standard are you good? Are you betterthan your wife, your husband, your friend, or your neighbor? Whyare you better than them? Do you perform some sort of religiousact that makes you good? Are you good because you gave moneyto the poor or sacrificed your time to help someone?If you are honest, your answers to these questions reveal your ownselfishness and pride. We like to think we are good people (at leastbetter than most). We hold ourselves in high esteem and easilyfind fault with others. Whenever we consider our own “goodness” ~ 114 ~
    • we prove that we are moral creatures. Within each of us is anability to judge between right and wrong, good and bad.There are two questions that we must ask ourselves related to ourown morality: (1) why am I moral? and (2) am I basing mymorality on a right or wrong standard? Let‟s explore each of thesequestions further.Why are we moral creatures? As we have discussed previously,morality stems from the fact that we are created in the “image ofGod”. Since God has stamped his nature in us, and because He isholy, righteous, and true, we sense internally a contradiction whenour actions are not consistent with God‟s character. Furthermore,it is God‟s law of non-contradiction at work within us as we, in ourown self-will, contradict His perfect will. When we feel thiscontradiction we often call it our conscience. Our conscienceallows us to know whether what we are doing (or have done) isright according to God‟s set standard. The Bible explains it thus,…the requirements of the law are written on their hearts, theirconsciences also bearing witness, and their thoughts sometimesaccusing them and at other times even defending them (Romans2:15). Although God‟s standard is an extension of His being (orattributes of God, discussed in Chapter 1) it can often besummarized in what we call the “Ten-Commandments” or “TheLaw”. The Ten-Commandments were given to Moses directly byGod, in fact the Bible says they were written by the hand of God.These are laws that the Jewish people (or Israel) were to live by.However, they were also extensions of the very character of God ~ 115 ~
    • and thus, guidelines for every human to live by because they arewritten on our hearts.For example, a few of the ten-commandments are...“You shall have no other gods before me.” (Exodus 20:3)Is it any surprise that this is the first commandment? The very firsttemptation of man by Satan was to make their own gods. Godattacks the most common human sin with this first commandment.Have you ever worshiped anything other than the God of theBible? Have you made yourself your own god? Have you prayedto anyone or anything other than God? If so, you have brokenGod‟s law.“You shall not make for yourself an image in the form of anythingin heaven above or on the earth beneath or in the watersbelow….” (Exodus 20:4)Do you have any objects that you worship? Do you worship animage of god or idol? Has your material possessions (car, home,electronics, material comforts) become more important to you thanGod? Have you ever put your trust in a certain chant or act ofdevotion for your salvation? If so, you have broken God‟s law. ~ 116 ~
    • “You shall not murder.” (Exodus 20:13)You probably have never murdered anyone! But wait, when Jesusspoke of this commandment He said, “You have heard that it wassaid to the people long ago, „You shall not murder, and anyonewho murders will be subject to judgment.‟ But I tell you thatanyone who is angry with a brother or sister will be subject tojudgment (Matthew 5:21-23). Have you ever been angry with abrother or sister or a friend? If so, you have broken God‟s law.“You shall not commit adultery.” (Exodus 20:14)You might claim that you have never cheated on your wife orhusband. Or maybe you have never been married, so you feelconfident that you have fulfilled this commandment. But wait,once again Jesus had more to say about this commandment whenHe stated, “You have heard that it was said, „You shall not commitadultery.‟ But I tell you that anyone who looks at a woman lustfullyhas already committed adultery with her in his heart. Young man,have you thought about a girl improperly? Young lady, have youthought about a boy improperly? If so, you have broken God‟s law.“You shall not steal.” (Exodus 20:15) ~ 117 ~
    • Have you ever stolen anything? Have you ever cheated on a test?Have you ever downloaded anything from the internet withoutpermission? If so, you have broken God‟s law.“You shall not give false testimony against your neighbor.”(Exodus 20:16)Have you ever lied? Have you ever misrepresented the truth?Have you ever spoken falsely of anyone or anything? If so, youhave broken God‟s law.“You shall not covet your neighbor‟s house. You shall not covetyour neighbor‟s wife, or his male or female servant, his ox ordonkey, or anything that belongs to your neighbor.” (Exodus20:17)Have you ever desired something that someone else had? Haveyou ever been unable to think of anything else until you had whatyou desired? If so, you have broken God‟s law.So, have you broken any of God‟s laws? Of course you have! Thisis precisely the point. We all have broken God‟s laws and thereforewe are all guilty of sinning against God! Our consciences confirmour guilt. The bad news is that this sin against God separates usfrom God. Unless we obey God‟s commandments perfectly ~ 118 ~
    • (which is impossible) we will die and spend eternity in Hell. Thisis what the Bible declares. We all deserve Hell. We can escapeGod‟s wrath against our sinfulness only one way, through JesusChrist. Unless we give our life completely to Jesus we will spendan eternity separated from God in Hell, otherwise we will be guiltyas charged. (We will discuss this more in Chapter 6.)Let‟s revisit the initial question. Are you a good person? In thelight of God‟s commandments the answer is definitely, NO! Noneof us are good. The Bible makes this emphatically clear, As it iswritten: “There is no one righteous, not even one;…”( Romans3:10). So, why do most people think they are good people? Mostpeople think they are good because they use the wrong standard.They use themselves!Our standard of morality is focused internally. In other words,because we can think of someone who is worse than us we feelgood about ourselves. Rarely will a person think badly ofthemselves because they can always think of someone worse thanthey are. Even if someone would claim to be a bad person they aredoing so out of direct comparison of themselves to others, in thiscase, thinking others as better than themselves. The problem thenis our standard of goodness. Unless there is an ultimate standard ofgoodness morality means nothing and is irrelevant.God is our ultimate standard of goodness! ~ 119 ~
    • What is the point of this discussion? The main point is that we allhave a sense of morality because God has placed within us the“image of God” that is represented by our conscience, which dailyconvicts us of our guilt before a Holy God.PrayerSince man‟s initial separation from God (“The Fall”), we havebeen trying to reestablish direct communion (communication) withGod. Our efforts often take improper forms (chants, dances, etc.)but the universal human tendency to communicate to a powergreater than our own confirms that man once had directcommunication with God that has since been lost. Once again, theBible makes it clear that direct communication with God can bereestablished, but only through Jesus Christ as the mediator. Forthere is one God and one mediator between God and mankind, theman Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all people (1Timothy 2:5-6).ImmortalityReligions around the world believe in some form of existence afterthe material life. Whether speaking of a spiritual existence in afixed location such as Heaven or Hell or a fluctuating spiritual ~ 120 ~
    • existence like reincarnation, humans have an innate knowledge ofour own immortality. Even an attempt to become non-existent is adesire to be immortal, in this case, forever non-existent. Thisconfirms once again that we are created in the “image of God”.God is eternal and we were created to for eternity as well. TheBible makes it clear that humans are spiritual beings that will existforever; in either Heaven (with God) or in Hell (separated fromGod).SacrificeWith this incredible guilt of our sin ever before us, humans havecontinually tried to appease God by providing sacrifices (animal,human, or otherwise). Many cultures and religious beliefs eventoday demand a sacrifice to appease the god (or gods) theyworship. There is no other reason for this except that all religionsdeviated from an original connection to the true God (of the Bible),where the practice began. Like prayer, sacrifice is not innately abad thing. In fact, it was God himself who sacrificed the firstanimal to cover Adam and Eve‟s sin. The LORD God madegarments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them (Genesis3:21). God also approved of Abel‟s sacrifice over Cain‟s sacrificeearly in the Biblical story. And Abel also brought an offering—fatportions from some of the firstborn of his flock. The LORD lookedwith favor on Abel and his offering, but on Cain and his offeringhe did not look with favor (Genesis 4:4). As soon as Noah‟s familyleft the ark after the flood, a sacrifice was given. Then Noah builtan altar to the LORD and, taking some of all the clean animals and ~ 121 ~
    • clean birds, he sacrificed burnt offerings on it. The LORD smelledthe pleasing aroma and said in his heart: “Never again will I cursethe ground because of humans, even though every inclination ofthe human heart is evil from childhood. And never again will Idestroy all living creatures, as I have done (Genesis 8: 20-21).Remembering from our previous discussion that after the floodGod scattered the nations abroad because of their rebellion atBabel, it makes sense that the resulting nations all had knowledgeof animal sacrifice.However, just like with prayer, sacrifice can take many improperforms and if the object of the sacrifice is not God, the sacrificebecomes empty or even satanic, and probably both. Throughoutthe Old Testament of the Bible, a sacrifice was required for sinscommitted against God‟s laws. All of this was to lead the nation ofIsrael to a knowledge that if sin was committed only a perfectsacrifice could be offered. If an animal has a defect, is lame orblind, or has any serious flaw, you must not sacrifice it to theLORD your God ( Deuteronomy 15:21). This perfect sacrifice wasalso innocent of the crime (sin) committed. Not only was a perfectsacrifice offered but it had to be a blood offering. In fact, the lawrequires that nearly everything be cleansed with blood, andwithout the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness (Hebrews9:22). “God required animal sacrifices to provide a temporarycovering of sins and to foreshadow the perfect and completesacrifice of Jesus Christ.”4 Jesus Christ was a perfect sacrifice andHis blood was spilt for all of us. The Bible confirms theconnection between Jesus and His sacrifice for us in the versesbelow. ~ 122 ~
    • The next day John saw Jesus coming toward him and said, “Look,the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! (John 1:29)A perfect lamb was often sacrificed by the Jewish people.God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him wemight become the righteousness of God. (2 Corinthians 5:21)Unlike the other high priests, he does not need to offer sacrificesday after day, first for his own sins, and then for the sins of thepeople. He sacrificed for their sins once for all when he offeredhimself. (Hebrews 7:27)“You are worthy to take the scroll and to open its seals, becauseyou were slain, and with your blood you purchased for Godpersons from every tribe and language and people and nation. Youhave made them to be a kingdom and priests to serve our God, andthey will reign on the earth…….. Worthy is the Lamb, who wasslain, to receive power and wealth and wisdom and strength andhonor and glory and praise!” (Revelation 5:9-12)We no longer need to provide an animal sacrifice to God becauseJesus Christ‟s sacrifice for us was complete and final. The onlysacrifice that we are now to make is to offer our lives as atestimony to Jesus Christ. Therefore, I urge you, brothers andsisters, in view of God‟s mercy, to offer your bodies as a livingsacrifice, holy and pleasing to God—this is your true and proper ~ 123 ~
    • worship. Do not conform to the pattern of this world, but betransformed by the renewing of your mind. Then you will be ableto test and approve what God‟s will is—his good, pleasing andperfect will (Romans 12:1-2).SummaryAs you clearly see, God has made Himself known to us in manyways. Besides the physical creation, He has placed in our heartsthe conscience which convicts us of sin and anything within us thatis contrary to the holiness of God. God is also clearly seen in ourpractices and beliefs (morality, prayer, immortality, and sacrifice).Evolution has no answer for these clear witnesses of God. In fact,“there has always been a witness, sometimes dim, of the true Godand his eternal gospel. It has always been opposed where given,because Satan and his hosts are subtle and powerful. Evolutionismhas dominated the world in one form or another ever since Babel,as we have already seen, but there has always been a creationistmovement that testified against this dominant system…. If menand women have a heart that is toward God and will respond tosuch light as they have, then God will see that they receivewhatever additional light may be needed for salvation.”5 This“additional light” is none other than Jesus Christ, for whom it iswritten, In him was life, and that life was the light of all mankind.The light shines in the darkness, and the darkness has notovercome it... The true light that gives light to everyone wascoming into the world. He was in the world, and though the worldwas made through him, the world did not recognize him. He came ~ 124 ~
    • to that which was his own, but his own did not receive him. Yet toall who did receive him, to those who believed in his name, he gavethe right to become children of God… (John 1:4-13).In the next chapter we will shed more light on the true light thatgives light to everyone, Jesus Christ.References and Notes:1 Every human on the planet is related to Noah and his wife because of the geneticbottle-neck that was created as a result of the flood.2 Every living thing that moved on land perished—birds, livestock, wild animals, allthe creatures that swarm over the earth, and all mankind. Everything on dry landthat had the breath of life in its nostrils died. Every living thing on the face of theearth was wiped out; people and animals and the creatures that move along theground and the birds were wiped from the earth. Only Noah was left, and those withhim in the ark (Genesis 7:21-23). It is evident from these passages that plants arenot living (nephesh chayyah) in the same sense as animals are living. Plants aremechanical not “soulish” and the Bible never refers to plants as nephesh (containingthe breath of life). Therefore it can be assumed that many plants survived the flood.Although they were buried by the flood waters, their roots feasibly could havesurvived and quickly regenerated the shoots of the plant after the flood watersreceded. For more information see…http://www.answersingenesis.org/articles/am/v1/n2/do-leaves-die3 Although there are physical differences between people groups, all humans are ofone race and not multiple races. The physical differences between groups are minorvariations in the genetics of each group. ~ 125 ~
    • 4 (Got Answers Ministries. “Why did God require animal sacrifices in the OldTestament?” September, 7th 2011: http://www.gotquestions.org/animal-sacrifices.html)5 Morris (2) pg. 296.*Brackets have been inserted and are not part of the original passage. ~ 126 ~
    • A Man There Is, a Real Man (Joseph Hart)1 A Man there is, a real Man, 4 That human heart He still retains,With wounds still gaping wide, Though throned in highest bliss;From which rich streams of bloodonce ran, And feels each tempted members pains;In hands, and feet, and side. For our afflictions His.2 Tis no wild fancy of our brains, 5 Come, then, repenting sinner,No metaphor we speak; come;The same dear Man in heaven Approach with humble faith;now reigns, Owe what thou wilt, the total sumThat suffered for our sake. Is canceled by His death!3 This wondrous Man of whom wetell, 6 His blood can cleanse the blackest soul,Is true Almighty God; And wash our guilt away;He bought our souls from deathand hell; He will present us sound and wholeThe price, His own hearts blood. In that tremendous day. ~ 127 ~
    • Chapter 6 The God of SalvationThe Story of Two AdamsWe have up to this point spoken much about Adam; the firsthuman created by God. The Bible calls Adam the “First Adam”,signifying that there is another Adam that is also of importance.We will spend much time in this chapter speaking about this“Second Adam”. But first, let‟s outline below what we havelearned about the “First Adam” before proceeding to the “SecondAdam”. 1. Adam was created from the “dust of the earth”, signifying his body or natural form. Physically Adam was similar (cells, organs, organs systems, etc.) to other organisms that God created. 2. Adam was created with a soul (mind, emotion, and will) which was immaterial or invisible. Obviously, the soul acted ~ 128 ~
    • upon the body (brain particularly) to function but it was also separate from the body. 3. Adam was created with a spirit. The spirit is unique to humans. Animals do not have a spiritual component. It is this spiritual component that makes us God-like. Adam was created with two spiritual components. A. Adam contained his own spirit when he was created. This is what makes man eternal, not just material like other animals. B. Adam also contained God‟s spirit within him when he was created. The Bible explains that Adam had communion with God. This means that God and Adam had an intimate relationship at the spiritual level.We have established the material and spiritual nature of Adamafter he was created; now let‟s review what happened next. Youshould remember from our previous discussion that Adam wasgiven a command not to eat of the forbidden fruit andunfortunately he disobeyed. God said the penalty for Adam‟sdisobedience would be death. This resulted in physical andspiritual death. Of course, the physical death did not occurimmediately but the process of death and decay certainly did.However, the spiritual death of Adam occurred immediately afterhe rejected God. As a result God withdrew His spirit from Adam ~ 129 ~
    • and left Adam with only his own spiritual nature. In other words,Adam no longer had God‟s direct spiritual activity within him.God‟s spirit at this point would no longer automatically be a part ofthe nature of man. All humans that were born to Adam and Eve(we all are genetically related) would be absent of God‟s spiritwithin them. This relates to us in three ways. 1 1. In Adam We Are Alienated from the Life of God (Ephesians 4:18) Adam forfeited his spiritual connection to God and we, as his offspring, likewise have forfeited our connection. All humans are born separated spiritually from God. As children of Adam we “…have been born physically alive, soulishly active, but spiritually dead.”2 The Bible confirms our separation when it says, As for you, you were dead in your transgressions and sins, …by nature deserving of wrath (Ephesians 2:1-3). 2. In Adam We Walk after the Flesh. (Romans 8:1;Ephesians 2:2-3) Because we have been separated spiritually from God we are now “dead in our sins”. This means that we are not neutral beings, but sinful by nature. In other words, we do not become a sinner the moment we commit our first sin, we are already sinners the moment we are born and are simply fulfilling our natural tendency when we sin. The Bible confirms our sinful state when it says that …you were alienated from God and were enemies in your minds because of your evil behavior (Colossians 1:21). Our flesh (physical ~ 130 ~
    • desires) and Satan‟s deceptions try to convince us to continue to live in spiritual separation from God, which is the human default condition. 3. In Adam We Will Die in Our Sins (John 8:24) Because we are sinful by nature our destiny is Hell (complete and eternal separation from God with everlasting torment). We have absolutely no hope of changing this destiny unless our sinful condition is reversed and the Spirit of God re-enters our soul and resides there. This means that if you do nothing from the moment you are born to the moment you die you will remain separated from God forever. God, however, wants to re-establish His Spirit in you and restore the lost relationship. You have the choice to allow God to change your sinful nature or to stay the way you are, with full consequences. This is where the Second Adam comes in.The Second AdamAs man we are completely depraved. This means that our sin isimpossible to overcome and in this condition we are completelyseparated from God. You are held captive (as I was) by your ownsin and there is no hope at all to overcome it; try as you may. Noamount of hoping, chanting, praying, or other so called religiousactivities will cure you from your sinfulness. Just as darknesscannot produce light so sin cannot produce holiness. We deserveHell, every last one of us! ~ 131 ~
    • God is Holy and will not live in sinful man and because man issinful and cannot achieve holiness on his own effort, a vast chasmof separation exists between God and man. Not only is Godcompletely holy but our sin demands punishment. How are we toescape God‟s wrath against sin and re-establish a relationship withHim in holiness? We cannot! But God can, and He did throughJesus Christ – The Second Adam.…If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. So it iswritten: “The first man Adam became a living being”; the lastAdam, a life-giving spirit. The spiritual did not come first, but thenatural, and after that the spiritual. The first man was of the dustof the earth; the second man is of heaven. As was the earthly man,so are those who are of the earth; and as is the heavenly man, soalso are those who are of heaven. And just as we have borne theimage of the earthly man, so shall we bear the image of theheavenly man (1 Corinthians 15: 44-49).Therefore, just as sin entered the world through one man, anddeath through sin, and in this way death came to all people,because all sinned— …For if the many died by the trespass of theone man, how much more did God‟s grace and the gift that cameby the grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many!Nor can the gift of God be compared with the result of one man‟ssin: The judgment followed one sin and brought condemnation, butthe gift followed many trespasses and brought justification. For if, ~ 132 ~
    • by the trespass of the one man, death reigned through that oneman, how much more will those who receive God‟s abundantprovision of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in lifethrough the one man, Jesus Christ! Consequently, just as onetrespass resulted in condemnation for all people, so also onerighteous act resulted in justification and life for all people. Forjust as through the disobedience of the one man the many weremade sinners, so also through the obedience of the one man themany will be made righteous (Romans 5:12-19).Jesus Christ was a man (physical body) but was also God at thesame time. Therefore, Jesus could relate to man on a human levelbut relate to God on a spiritual level (because He was God). Thereare many verses in the Bible that confirm these two facts. Here arejust a few!The Word [Jesus, spiritual] became flesh [physical body] and madehis dwelling among us. We have seen his glory, the glory of the oneand only Son, who came from the Father, full of grace and truth(John 1:14). *The angel answered, “The Holy Spirit will come on you [Mary],and the power of the Most High [God] will overshadow you. So theholy one to be born [physical birth, physical body] will be calledthe Son of God [same spiritual nature as God] (Luke 1:35). * ~ 133 ~
    • Who, being in very nature God [spiritual nature identical to God],did not consider equality with God something to be used to his ownadvantage; rather, he made himself nothing by taking the verynature of a servant, being made in human likeness. And beingfound in appearance as a man [physical body], he humbled himselfby becoming obedient to death— even death on a cross!(Philippians 2:5-11) *“Very truly I tell you,” Jesus answered [speaking in the physicalbody], “before Abraham was born, I am! [claimed to be God byusing the name of God, I am]” (John 8:58) *“…I [Jesus speaking in the physical body] and the Father [God]are one [the same in nature].” (John 10:30) *For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity [God] lives in bodily form[physical body], and in Christ you have been brought to fullness(Colossians 2:9-10). *Examine the chart below to summarize the two different natures ofJesus (God and man). 3 ~ 134 ~
    • GOD MAN He is worshiped (Matt. 2:2,11; He worshiped the Father 14:33). (John 17). He was called God (John He was called man (Mark 20:28; Heb. 1:8) 15:39; John 19:5). He was called Son of God He was called Son of Man (Mark 1:1) (John 9:35-37) He is prayed to (Acts 7:59). He prayed to the Father (John 17). He is sinless (1 Pet. 2:22; Heb. 4:15). He was tempted (Matt. 4:1). He knows all things (John He grew in wisdom (Luke 21:17). 2:52). He gives eternal life (John 10:28). He died (Rom. 5:8). All the fullness of deity He has a body of flesh and dwells in Him (Col. 2:9). bones (Luke 24:39).Two things are certain; Jesus had no doubt about His own identity(God in the flesh) and his early disciples and followers never ~ 135 ~
    • disputed the fact that He was God as well. Below are verses thatconfirm each of the points that were just made. If you have a Bibleavailable please read each of the references below.4Jesus Speaking of His own Deity!Revelation 22:13, John 17:5, John 5:39, John 8:18, John 15:26,John 14:6, John 18:6, John 10:30-33, Matthew 18:20, Matthew28:20The Bible Confirming His Deity (and confirming that He did onlywhat God can do!Mark 1:1, Acts 5:31, 2 Timothy 4:21, Colossians 3:13, John 20:28,Titus 2:13, Philippians 2:5-8, Hebrews 1:8, John 1:1, Revelation1:17, Revelation 2:8, 1Peter 2:6-8, Hebrews 13:20, Philippians2:10-11, Galatians 1:3, Ephesians 1:2, Matthew 28:19, John 5:21,Acts 5:31, Colossians 1:16-17, Matthew 14:33, Acts 7:59, andmany others.Although, it is impossible for us to truly understand how the Godof Creation became visible in human form, the Bible leavesabsolutely no doubt that this is exactly what happened. We shouldremember that God is represented in three persons (God = theCreator; Jesus = the visible form on earth; The Holy Spirit = theeternal essence of God). You might want to return to chapter 1where we discussed this aspect in greater depth. ~ 136 ~
    • Even though the incarnation (God as man) remains a mystery toour human ability to comprehend, our salvation depends upon it.We can rest in the fact that God‟s plan to bring us back to Himincluded becoming a man in physical form. Let‟s explore God‟splan of salvation for man-kind. (1) Jesus was born of a virgin by the Spirit of God. Our objection to the statement “born of a virgin” is sustained only by our limitations to think naturally. Of course, God created two humans (male and female) to produce offspring, and so, someone being “born of a virgin” is simply impossible, or is it? Even Mary, the mother of Jesus, questioned the angel that revealed this truth to her by wondering, “How will this be,” …“since I am a virgin?” (Luke 1:34) Mary knew that the situation that she found herself in was not of her own doing and that she was now the recipient of a divine act of God. Although she did not completely understand what was happening within her she was faithful to God‟s will, to which she remarked to the angel that told her of this supernatural conception, “May your word to me be fulfilled.” (Luke 1:38). The fact is that Jesus was born of a virgin but the question still remains, why must Jesus have been born of a virgin? The answer is contained within the identity of Jesus. Jesus was the God-man (spiritually God but physically man), and therefore, Flesh gives birth to flesh, but the Spirit gives birth to spirit. (John 3:6). Remembering from our previous ~ 137 ~
    • discussion that all who are born in the First Adam inherit a sinful nature eliminates this “natural” form of conception for Jesus. If Jesus would have been born from the normal union of male and female He would have also inherited the sinful nature. Jesus, however, was God and therefore, is Holy; just as God is Holy. Jesus was the only human to have ever been born sinless and die sinless. Instead of a normal human conception it was said to Mary by the angel, “The Holy Spirit will come on you, and the power of the Most High will overshadow you. (Luke 1:35). The Spirit of God conceived Jesus in Mary‟s body. Therefore, Spirit produced Spirit. When Jesus was born He was physically man but spiritually God. In essence, Jesus was everything that the First Adam was intended to be but forfeited his right to.(2) Jesus experienced life as a normal human but He never sinned against God. The First Adam began well (a sinless pre-fall state) but ended poorly (a fallen sinful state). Jesus began well (sinless) and lived His entire life in this perfect state. The remarkable thing to consider is that Jesus, although sinless, had to live in a sinful world. This means that Jesus experienced the cursed world first hand. We would suspect that Jesus felt pain, endured hardships, felt the sting of death, and worked through extreme toil just like every other fallen human. Jesus took upon Himself our cursed world even in the small day-to-day sufferings. Yet, through all of ~ 138 ~
    • this, He remained sinless. This fact is confirmed throughout the Bible. For example, in Hebrews 4:15 it is said, For we do not have a high priest who is unable to empathize with our weaknesses, but we have one who has been tempted in every way, just as we are—yet he did not sin. And again the same fact is confirmed in 1 Peter 2:22 when it is said of Jesus, “He committed no sin, and no deceit was found in his mouth.”(3) Jesus always had perfect communion with God (was totally dependent upon God for everything). The First Adam, in his rebellion to God, became independent from God. God‟s Spirit left him and he was on his own, apart from God‟s spiritual direction in his life. Jesus never lost direct communion with God and remained completely dependent upon God for every decision that He made. The Bible confirms Jesus‟ dependency on God when it states, “Very truly I tell you, the Son [Jesus] can do nothing by himself; he can do only what he sees his Father [God] doing, because whatever the Father does the Son also does (John 5:19)*. Because Jesus was tempted in every way, just as we are, His dependency upon God is what enabled Him to always live in perfect communion with God and withstand the temptations of sin. To this fact, God Himself declares his satisfaction with Jesus when he proclaimed “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.” (Matthew 3:17). It was God‟s desire that the ~ 139 ~
    • First Adam also lived in total dependence to Him, unfortunately Adam forfeited this dependence and became completely unable to resist sin. And even today, we are sailing the sin-ship unable to steer our lives in the right direction, unless we make Jesus our captain.(4) Jesus allowed himself to be unjustly punished, to be condemned, and to die for our sin, even though He had never sinned. The Bible declares that, While we were still sinners, Christ died for us (Romans 5:8), and also that …Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, to bring you to God. (1 Peter 3:18). Continuing, the Bible declares that God made him who had no sin to be sin for us, so that in him we might become the righteousness of Go. (2 Corinthians 5:21). What do all these verses confirm? They confirm that Jesus was the perfect lamb – a sinless sacrifice, just as the sacrificial system required. Jesus was human and therefore had a will to choose not to suffer for our sins, but, as we have discussed already, He submitted His will to the will of God and became completely dependent upon Him. And being found in appearance as a man, he humbled himself by becoming obedient to death— even death on a cross! (Philippians 2:8) Jesus took the pain of crucifixion (the worst form of Roman ~ 140 ~
    • punishment) and died a horrible death for us. He paid the penalty of our sin.(5) God poured out His wrath on Jesus instead of us. Justice was served! Because God is completely fair (perfectly just) He must punish sin. Sin is so hideous to God that his wrath … is being revealed from heaven against all the godlessness and wickedness of people, who suppress the truth by their wickedness (Romans 1:18). Unless God punished sin He would be unfair. God chose to pour out His wrath on Jesus in place of us. The Bible states it this way, Surely he took up our pain and bore our suffering, yet we considered him punished by God, stricken by him, and afflicted. But he was pierced for our transgressions, he was crushed for our iniquities; the punishment that brought us peace was on him, and by his wounds we are healed. (Isaiah 53: 4-5). And further it states, …it was the LORD‟s will to crush him and cause him to suffer (Isaiah 53: 10). God crushed Jesus for you and for me. God‟s wrath against Jesus was so painful (physically and mentally) that Jesus asked God when He was dying on the cross …“My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” (Matthew 27:46) Before ~ 141 ~
    • Jesus was taken to the cross to die for us he knew thehorrible punishment that He was about to face. The Biblerecords that …being in anguish, he prayed more earnestly,and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.( Luke 22:44). We must understand that Jesus was notforced to die for us, nor was He a victim of circumstances,or a political pawn; Jesus voluntarily submitted to God andGod poured out His wrath upon His only son. The wraththat Jesus accepted willingly was the wrath that we deserve.Jesus took our punishment upon Himself. Not only didJesus sweat drops of blood but he also shed his blood foreach of us. The punishment that He endured on the crossspilt his blood which fulfilled the requirement that withoutthe shedding of blood there is no forgiveness (Hebrews9:22). It is also Jesus‟ blood that …purifies us from all sin(1John 1:7).At this point it must be noted that only those who put theirfull trust (faith) in Jesus‟ substitutionary death and repentfrom their sin will escape God‟s wrath. If you have neversurrendered your life to Jesus you are still under God‟swrath and if you remain this way unto death (or if Jesusreturns before you accept His grace), you will still face thewrath of God. Because Jesus took the wrath of God uponHimself, those who have trusted in Christ are exempt andhidden from God‟s wrath because Jesus has already boreGod‟s wrath for them. I pause here to make a strong appealto you. Please do not be misled and believe that you canbear God‟s wrath. God‟s wrath against sin is so strong that ~ 142 ~
    • you will melt like a wax candle in an oven before His righteousness. I beg you to seek Jesus‟ substitutionary death for your sin; it is your only hope.(6) Jesus was raised victoriously over death 3 days after He died. Jesus did not remain dead. The Bible, with abundant evidences, proves that Jesus conquered death by rising from the dead. Because death was the primary penalty of sin (other punishments eventually led to death) Jesus broke the chains that death had on sinful humanity. This fact allows us also (those in Christ only) to conquer the curse of death and rise from the dead to eternal life with Christ. Those who deny Christ will still live forever but they will remain under the curse of death and under God‟s wrath in Hell. In Christ, the curse of death was defeated forever. For the perishable must clothe itself with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality. When the perishable has been clothed with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality, then the saying that is written will come true: “Death has been swallowed up in victory.” “Where, O death, is your victory? Where, O death, is your sting?” The sting of death is sin, and the power of sin is the law. But thanks be to God! He gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ (1 Corinthians 15: 53-56). ~ 143 ~
    • (7) Jesus restored a relationship with God. Jesus‟ life, death, resurrection were all means to an end. The end is to live in a dependent relationship with our Creator God; the way it was intended from the beginning. Only Jesus truly lived in this dependent relationship. All those who are in Christ Jesus, are now restored to God. They have exchanged their sin and independence for holiness and dependence. Why did Jesus come? He came to bring you back into a right relationship with God. Major W. Ian Thomas summarizes it this way, “Adam was created knowing the Truth from within, through the Spirit, and he listened to the lie from without, through the word of Satan; and he exchanged the Truth of God for a lie. The Truth went out and the lie came in! He stepped out of dependence into independence – out of life into death! You were born blinded by the lie from within through the flesh, and you listen to the Truth from without through the Word of God. When you repent, you accept the Truth and obey it, stepping back out of independence into dependence – out of death into life!”5 “Very truly I tell you, whoever hears my word and believes him who sent me has eternal life and will not be judged but has crossed over from death to life (John 5:24 – Jesus is speaking.).SummaryLet‟s compare and contrast the First Adam with the Second Adam in chart form. ~ 144 ~
    • First Adam Second Adam (Jesus) Was Created Sinless Not Created - Is God Had a body, soul , spirit Had a body, soul, spirit Lived in Dependence to Lived in Dependence to God God Possessed God‟s Spirit Possessed God‟s SpiritRejected God (“The Fall” - Never sinned (true holiness) sin entered)God‟s Spirit left sinful man God‟s Spirit never left because Jesus was sinlessBecame Independent From Remained Dependent on God for God everything Lived for self Lived for God Cannot fulfill God‟s law Was the absolute and complete (10 Commandments) fulfillment of God‟s law in every way Will die in sin and be Died for human sin but was raised to separated from God conquer death. Will always be one eternally in Hell with God (Trinity). ~ 145 ~
    • As we conclude this chapter we clearly see that man has notfulfilled God‟s will for his life. Man has rejected God and becomeself-centered, not God-centered. In this state, man will forever beseparated from His Creator. However, God had a plan to restoreman to his original sinless state and to provide an escape from Hell(eternal separation from God). This plan was fueled by God‟s loveand resulted in death of His own Son – Jesus; who had neversinned. Jesus conquered death by rising from the dead whichallowed us to conquer the curse of death that was placed on usbecause of our sin. God offers His salvation to all (Grace) whowill place their trust in Jesus‟ substitutionary death for them andrepent (turn away) from their sin. “The time has come,” he said.“The kingdom of God has come near. Repent and believe the goodnews!” (Mark 1:15) God will accept all who sincerely make thisdecision and the Spirit of God will enter this person to bring abouta change in their life. Therefore, if anyone is in Christ, the newcreation has come: The old has gone, the new is here! (2Corinthians 5:17) This change is called the new birth and leads tosanctification, which is the Spirit‟s effort to once again make sinfulman obedient (have complete dependence) to God and to restorethe relationship that was lost when the First Adam rebelled againstGod and became independent from God. Let‟s compare the “FirstAdam” (chart on the last page) with a Redeemed Man (saved fromsin because of belief in Jesus).Redeemed Man = Was born into Sin (sinful from birth) → Has abody, soul, spirit → Lives in Independence from God → Does notpossess God‟s Spirit → Rejects God continually (sin controls hislife) → SALVATION IN JESUS OCCURS THROUGH FAITH ~ 146 ~
    • AND REPENTANCE → God‟s Spirit enters (restores therelationship with God) → becomes Dependent on God → Lives forGod → Escapes from the penalty of death and will be with God foreternity (Heaven) after physical death.Notice that the redeemed man inherited the First Adam‟s sin naturebut after conversion to Jesus a complete reversal occurred. Just asthe First Adam had a choice to make, so too do each of us have achoice to make. The First Adam rejected God and the redeemedman rejects the First Adam and accepts God‟s plan for his life.The question for each of us is, will we live for God or live forman? It is your choice, but of course, all choices haveconsequences. As we have already made clear, the wrath of Godremains on all who do not accept Jesus Christ as their Savior.Jesus Christ will judge all men for which it is said, In the past Godoverlooked such ignorance, but now he commands all peopleeverywhere to repent. For he has set a day when he will judge theworld with justice by the man he has appointed. He has givenproof of this to everyone by raising him from the dead.” (Acts17:30-31)Do you want to have a relationship with God? Do you want toknow the Second Adam (Jesus)? In the next chapter we willdiscuss how to know the Unknown God. ~ 147 ~
    • References and Notes:1 These points are taken from; Thomas, Major W Ian. The Saving Life of Christand The Mystery of Godliness. Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 19882 ibid,3 The information in this chart is reproduced from; (http://carm.org/jesus-two-natures)4 For more verses and information go to; (http://www.gotquestions.org/deity-of-Christ.html)5 Thomas, Major W Ian. The Saving Life of Christ and The Mystery of Godliness.Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1988, pg. 241.*Brackets have been inserted and are not in the original passage. ~ 148 ~
    • “I am the LORD; that is my name! I will not yield my glory to another or my praise to idols…” Isaiah 42:8 ~ 149 ~
    • Chapter 7 Knowing the Unknown GodIn the Introduction of this book I began by painting a picture of theidol worship in the city of Athens. Paul challenged the Atheniansby presenting to them the “Unknown God”, to whom they made analtar. Let us read first-hand the entire event as it is recorded in theBook of Acts.Acts 17While Paul was waiting for them in Athens, he was greatlydistressed to see that the city was full of idols. So he reasoned inthe synagogue with both Jews and God-fearing Greeks, as well asin the marketplace day by day with those who happened to bethere. A group of Epicurean and Stoic philosophers began todebate with him. Some of them asked, “What is this babbler tryingto say?” Others remarked, “He seems to be advocating foreign ~ 150 ~
    • gods.” They said this because Paul was preaching the good newsabout Jesus and the resurrection. Then they took him and broughthim to a meeting of the Areopagus, where they said to him, “Maywe know what this new teaching is that you are presenting? Youare bringing some strange ideas to our ears, and we would like toknow what they mean.” (All the Athenians and the foreigners wholived there spent their time doing nothing but talking about andlistening to the latest ideas.)Paul then stood up in the meeting of the Areopagus and said:“People of Athens! I see that in every way you are very religious.For as I walked around and looked carefully at your objects ofworship, I even found an altar with this inscription: TO ANUNKNOWN GOD. So you are ignorant of the very thing youworship—and this is what I am going to proclaim to you.“The God who made the world and everything in it is the Lord ofheaven and earth and does not live in temples built by humanhands. And he is not served by human hands, as if he neededanything. Rather, he himself gives everyone life and breath andeverything else. From one man he made all the nations, that theyshould inhabit the whole earth; and he marked out their appointedtimes in history and the boundaries of their lands. God did this sothat they would seek him and perhaps reach out for him and findhim, though he is not far from any one of us. ~ 151 ~
    • The ResponsesAs Paul was challenging the philosophers of Greece heencountered several responses.Ignorance is Bliss!First, he encountered the response of ignorance. The philosophersdismissed Paul‟s claims simply because they were new to them andtherefore assumed that Paul was speaking nonsense. Theysummed up their attitude by questioning; “What is this babblertrying to say?” These philosophers, who prided themselves onobtaining knowledge, were not willing to test Paul‟s claims, andconsequently they lost an opportunity to know the true and onlyGod. I also estimate that some of you might respond this sameway after reading this book. Maybe I have presented new conceptsto you, and because they are new, you are eager to dismiss them.Or perhaps, you have neither the time nor effort to explore theseconcepts further. So, just like the philosophers who wrote off Paulwith sarcasm, you write me off as well. I encourage you not to belike the philosophers in Paul‟s day. Dismissing the God of theBible is not like dismissing a new material novelty or new concept.Dismissing God is not only unwise; it is spiritually deadly as well.Paul presented to the philosophers a new way of thinking; a way ofthinking that was completely sufficient to explain the entire rangeof human questioning, but they were satisfied with their emptyphilosophical theories. So many people today are satisfied as well ~ 152 ~
    • with empty theories (i.e. evolution) that do nothing to satisfy themind or the soul. These philosophers could have embraced the Godof all history; instead they remained lost in their own limited ideas.You also have an opportunity to embrace the God of all past,present, and future. Will you remain satisfied with your own ideasof who god might or might not be, or will you accept the God whoalready is, was, and will always be? This leads us to the secondresponse that Paul encountered from the philosophers that day.But I Worship a Different god!Other philosophers said, “He seems to be advocating foreigngods.” Some of you might already worship a different god, not theGod of the Bible, and because of this, you have discounted theclaims of this book and ultimately the Bible itself. I ask onesimply question if this applies to you, have you considered that youmight be wrong? If you have never asked yourself this questionyou need to now. These philosophers who dismissed the God ofPaul did so because He was not familiar to them. He was not oneof the gods that they were used to worshiping. You might havebeen raised worshiping a different god, but do you know that yourgod is the real god? Can your god create the heavens and the earth?Does your faith in your god spring from a love for your god orfrom fear of your god? Does your god help you make sense of theworld around you, or does your god make the world more difficultto understand? Is your god willing to die for you so that you canhave a relationship with him? To be fair you could ask me thesame questions, for which I have asked myself many times. I have ~ 153 ~
    • discovered that the God of the Bible is so completely satisfying tome intellectually, spiritually, and emotionally that I have no doubtwhatsoever that He is the One and only God. I have come toconfirm the Bible as the only true revelation of God and His Son,Christ Jesus, as the only possibility of salvation. The Bibleconfirms my acknowledgement. Speaking of Jesus the Bibleproclaims that salvation is found in no one else, for there is noother name under heaven given to mankind by which we must besaved.” (Acts 4:12) Are you willing to question whether this istrue? Are you willing to ask the God of the Bible whether He istrue and whether Jesus is the only possibility of salvation? Haveyou ever done this? If not, why not? Christianity is the onlyreligion that is willing to be questioned. Other religions oftendiscourage their followers from asking tough questions. WithChristianity there is nothing to hide and the more one questions it,the more it proves itself to be what it claims to be; absolute Truth.I must caution you at this point however. Some people havesuspected that they can just “add” Jesus to their gods and gain thebenefit of his character and salvation while still worshiping othergods. This is impossible! In fact, anyone who believes this isdeceived. God will not be mocked. If you worship the God of theBible you can worship no other god. The God of the Bible will notshare His glory with any other so-called god. If you want toworship God, you must cease worshiping any other god. In Isaiah42:8 God Himself confirms this fact when He says “I am theLORD; that is my name! I will not yield my glory to another or mypraise to idols….”. ~ 154 ~
    • I Don’t Have Enough Knowledge to Make a Decision!The third and final response that Paul encountered was theresponse to education. These philosophers cared less aboutknowing the God of the Bible but they did care about knowledge,albeit worldly knowledge not true Godly knowledge. Theyresponded to Paul this way, “May we know what this new teachingis that you are presenting? You are bringing some strange ideas toour ears, and we would like to know what they mean.” Thisresponse might sound genuine but it is not. These philosopherswanted to gain academic knowledge only. They wanted to bragabout the incredible knowledge they attained. Some of you areidentical to these philosophers. You have read this book andmaybe even a good portion of the Bible but you have not done sowith a sincere desire to “know” God but to only know about Him.In other words, you are happy to know the details about the God ofthe Bible for intellectual reasons but you have no desire toacknowledge God in your life and to allow Him to change yourheart and mind. If this is true of you, you do not really know Godand are still dead in your sins. Allow me to remind you that Satanhimself knows about God but he rejects Him still (James 2:19).Therefore, to be blunt but honest, you are no better than the Satanif you hold to this view. All the academic knowledge in the worldwill not save you from your own sin. You might have memorizedmany verses of the Bible but unless you allow these verses to livein you and change your heart and mind, they will do nothing foryou, except be your judge on the Day of Judgment. ~ 155 ~
    • Some of you will also claim that you must fully understand Godbefore you will accept Him. This is utter foolishness. You willnever understand God completely, no one ever has and no one everwill. God is omniscient and our mind is incapable of knowing Hiswondrous ways completely. To this point, I borrow CharlesSpurgeon‟s words of warning, “You have set up in your mind theidea that you must understand everything before you will believe it– an idea, let me tell you, which you will never be able to carryout, for you cannot understand your own existence; and there areten thousand other things around you which you never cancomprehend, but which you must believe or remain forever agigantic fool.” 1To those who are using academic intelligence as a reason todismiss God I ask you a simply question, when will you haveenough knowledge to accept Him? The fact is, you will neverhave enough knowledge because you will always find an excuse toclaim that He is still a mystery to you. If you knew Godcompletely you would need to have identical knowledge as God,but that is blasphemy to even consider a thought like that. God isthe only being that is all-knowing and trying to achieve this state isnot only impossible but it aligns you with Satan himself whodesired to be equal with God. The point then is this; you MUSTaccept God on faith. You must put your pride behind you andaccept the incomprehensibility of God. It is vain to demandcomplete comprehension of God before you accept Him. ~ 156 ~
    • Sometimes knowledge can be our worst enemy. We often overthink the most simple concepts and make them more difficult thanthey were ever intended to be. This happens often with the Gospelof Jesus. Most certainly, the philosophers that Paul was speakingto held their knowledge above Paul‟s knowledge and felt thatPaul‟s simple presentation about a God who created the world andwanted a relationship with them was for children, but not forintelligent thinking people like themselves. How wrong they were.God comes to each of us with power but also with simplicity. Iwarn you, do not over think the Gospel of Jesus. It is simple but itis powerful to change lives. You do not need a Master‟s Degree ora Ph.D. to know God. I also warn you not to create your ownacceptable form of salvation; a mixture of elements that suit yourfancy. God has provided a simple form of salvation and Hedoesn‟t need anyone‟s help to make it more difficult, moreappealing, broader, or works based. This is why many of thephilosophers who heard Paul did not receive salvation that day; itdidn‟t suit their fancies. They were not ready to accept a simplefaith in a great Savior. What about you? Has your ownintelligence kept you from accepting the greatest gift ever given toman?Again, I quote from Charles Spurgeon to bring this point home, “Ifyou, my hearer, believe a gospel which you have thought out foryourself, or a philosophical gospel which comes from the brain ofman, it is of the flesh and will wither, and you will die and be lostthrough trusting in it. The only word that can bless you and be aseed in your soul must be the living and incorruptible word of theeternal Spirit. Now this is the incorruptible word, that “God was ~ 157 ~
    • made flesh and dwelt among us;” that “God was in Christ,reconciling the world unto himself, not imputing their trespassesunto them.” 2Evolution is such a philosophical gospel which comes from thebrain of man and many a man has believed it to their eternaldestruction. God has given man enough light to know that Heexists but, This is the verdict: Light has come into the world, butpeople loved darkness instead of light because their deeds wereevil. Everyone who does evil hates the light, and will not come intothe light for fear that their deeds will be exposed. But whoeverlives by the truth comes into the light, so that it may be seen plainlythat what they have done has been done in the sight of God (John3:19-21).“There is an important principle here. No matter how dim the light,men who want to see it can see. No matter how bright the light,men who do not want to see it will never see.” 3 Are you one whois willing to see the light?Just as Paul did, so do IJust as Paul revealed to the Athenians the identity of the“Unknown God”, so to have I revealed the “Unknown God” toyou. In fact, I have fulfilled the Holy Scriptures and Paul‟s owntestimony and witness to the Colossian readers when he said, …we ~ 158 ~
    • do not use deception, nor do we distort the word of God. On thecontrary, by setting forth the truth plainly we commend ourselvesto everyone‟s conscience in the sight of God (2 Corinthians 4:2).Therefore, in the writing of this book I have set forth the truthplainly and commended myself to your conscience in the sight ofGod.However, I must admit that the title of this book is a bitmisleading, but only because now you know the full implicationsof the title. The fact of the matter is that the “Unknown God” hasalways been “Known” to you. There has never been a point in yourlife when you have not known God. True, like the Athenians, youmight not have recognized God or you might have purposefullytried to ignore or deny Him, but He has made Himself evident toyou and you have perceived Him. If you review the previouschapters you must come to the same conclusion. Let us review inquick succession what we have learned. In Chapter 2 we discussed how our own use of logic confirmsthe existence of God. Therefore, you have known God in your owncapacity to reason and to come to logical conclusions. In Chapter 3 we confirmed that the only possible explanationfor life is through direct creation by God and not by evolutionarymechanisms. Therefore, you have known God by His wondrouscreated world. In Chapter 4 we discussed man‟s uniqueness over otherorganisms and our similarity to God due to “His Image” being ~ 159 ~
    • placed within us. Therefore, you have known Him by youruniqueness and capacity to be like Him. In Chapter 5 it was shown that all nations and peoplethroughout the world belong to Him, and that for the most partthese nations have rebelled and ignored God. Therefore, you haveknown Him by your own traditions that are faint glimpses of God‟sinteraction with the nations. In Chapter 6 we discovered God‟s amazing plan to bring allnations and people to Him through the death and resurrection ofHis Son, Jesus Christ. Therefore, you have known Him through theeternal Word of God that is expressed through Jesus Christ.As you see, the God of the Bible has been evident to everyone inthe most glaring ways. No one can deny this fact. The onlyquestion that remains is, do you “Acknowledge” God? It is truethat you know God, but do you really know Him? It is easyenough to say that I know someone simply because I have spokento him or her once or twice. But I have no right to claim that Itruly know that person. To know someone you must spend muchtime together in intimacy. The word KNOWING in the titleKnowing the Unknown God suggests then, not a superficialknowledge of God because we all have a superficial knowledge ofGod, but a deeper knowledge. The title is referring to a knowledgethat will save the soul for eternity and make the day to day lifemeaningful. What does it take to “truly know” God? This weshall discuss in the next few pages. ~ 160 ~
    • The Challenge – And the Opportunity!If this book has been challenging to you, or if you have becomemad at my words or the Words of the Bible, there is hope. You arebeing challenged by God to know Him personally. EveryChristian at some point before they surrendered to Jesus becameoffended by God‟s Word. The Bible explains that, …the word ofGod is alive and active. Sharper than any double-edged sword, itpenetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; itjudges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart (Hebrews 4:12). Thefirst step of salvation in Christ is realizing that you are a sinner anddesiring to repent from your sin. This desire comes about whenthe Word of God cuts through your heart of stone and begins toconvert it to a heart of flesh. This conversion might be painful butthe joy that comes from it is everlasting. Here is the good news;there is hope in Christ Jesus. To know Jesus is to know God. TheSpirit of God is moving to restore the relationship that was lostwhen man first sinned against Him. We are sinful, fallen, broken,and wrathful creatures but God‟s intention is to bring us back intoa relationship with Him. God loves each of us and we know thisbecause “…God demonstrates his own love for us in this: Whilewe were still sinners, Christ died for us. “Your name was in thecondemned list, my fellow-sinner, but if you believe in Jesus, youshall find that your name is there no longer, for Christ‟s name isput in your stead, and you shall learn that he suffered for you, thejust for the unjust, that he might bring you to God. Is not this thegreatest wonder of divine love, that it should be set upon us assinners?” 4 ~ 161 ~
    • If you want to Know God you must Rest!Jesus himself prescribed the precise manner in which we shouldknow God. Jesus‟ own words are, “Come to me, all you who areweary and burdened, and I will give you rest.” (Matthew 11:28)These words should be comforting to you, if they are not, you donot yet know God and have not experienced His deep love. Whenyou accept that God truly loves you, fear of punishmentdisappears. We are told in the Bible that [t]here is no fear in love.But perfect love drives out fear, because fear has to do withpunishment. The one who fears is not made perfect in love (1 John4:18)Jesus loves you and is inviting you to an intimate relationship withHim, but you must surrender your effort to earn salvation andsimply “Come”! What do we learn from this verse? Here are themajor points. (1) You cannot earn salvation! Salvation is a gift of God. You can receive it, but you cannot earn it. Jesus says, I will give you rest. (2) You must desire salvation! If you feel that you have no need for salvation you will not receive it. Only those who are weary and burdened will seek it, and thus receive it. You must feel a need for God‟s salvation. (3) You must humble yourself to receive salvation! It is those who are not afraid to admit that they are weary and burdened and need God‟s help that receive salvation. Self- righteous people and prideful people will not receive ~ 162 ~
    • salvation. Only those who feel the burden of sin in their lives will seek Jesus as their sacrifice for sin. (4) You must believe that Jesus can give rest! Obviously, those who do not believe that Jesus can save them will never seek salvation from Him. Only those who truly believe that He gives rest will seek it, and thus receive it. (5) You must believe that Jesus is the only source of salvation! Jesus said, “Come to me,..”! Jesus did not provide a prescribed set of guidelines to earn salvation, he provided Himself. If you try to earn salvation by works or through anyone or anything other than Jesus, you will fail. Jesus‟ rest (salvation) cannot be bought. Of Jesus it is said, …there is no other name under heaven given to mankind by which we must be saved (Acts 4:12). (6) You must decide on your own to follow Jesus! Jesus said, “Come to me,...”, therefore the next move is yours to make. He will not force you to accept Him. Because of the grace of God, Jesus became our rest (salvation) and now you must move in His direction by accepting His gift. If you claim, “I do not have to make a decision”, you have just made a decision; and it is against Jesus. Neutrality is not a possibility. Remember, we are by nature sinners, and thus, separated from God from birth.To those who are willing to humble themselves and come to Jesus,He provides an amazing gift (salvation). Why is this gift sospecial? Here are some of the many ways that God‟s rest isamazing. ~ 163 ~
    • (1) God’s salvation is a rest from your own effort. No longer do you need to work or achieve salvation. You can rest in the effort (life, death, and resurrection) of Jesus. Knowing that you do not have to perform for salvation eases your burden. (2) God’s salvation is rest from other gods. No longer do you need to fear other gods or try to appease other deities. God is more powerful than any other (so-called) god and they must bow to Him. Your fear of bad spirits and Satan will end. God allows you to rest in Him and not fear what other gods may or may not do to you. Other gods no longer have power over you. (3) God’s salvation is comprehensive! Jesus said, “I will give you rest.” This is for a fact. God does not lie, so if He said I will give you rest, He will give you rest (salvation)! Salvation is secure in Jesus. No one can steal it, take it, or alter it. This is the comfort that Paul himself had when he said, …I know whom I have believed, and am convinced that he is able to guard what I have entrusted to him until that day (1 Timothy 1:12). God is the giver of salvation and He is the keeper of salvation and this is eternal security for those who trust only in Jesus.The Upside-Down Gospel of Salvation*Many have claimed that the Gospel that Jesus preached means“good news”. There is no doubt that the gospel is good news, but ~ 164 ~
    • it is a very different type of news than what most religionspromote. Every other religion offers salvation according to theeffort (or works) that a person shows throughout their lifetime. Ifthey produce good works, then salvation can be achieved. If theyproduce bad works, then bad things will happen or hell will be theresult. Jesus presented no such religion. In fact, Jesus presentedan upside-down form of salvation. Jesus said, “Whoever wants tobe my disciple must deny themselves and take up their cross dailyand follow me. For whoever wants to save their life will lose it,but whoever loses their life for me will save it (Luke 9:23-24).Most religious views would scoff at Jesus‟ view of salvationbecause it is not works based. If I may paraphrase Jesus‟ wordsinto common speech, the communication is, “If you want to earnyour salvation from God, you will most certainly lose it, and if youwant to gain salvation from God, you must lose your own way ofliving, cease from your on effort, and follow my way of self-denialand love.” This is the true Gospel. If you want God‟s salvationthrough Jesus, you must not expect to earn it. God‟s salvationcannot be bought through good works. Jesus suffered for us insuch horrifying ways, and the salvation that resulted from Hissacrifice is priceless. God, instead of demanding payment, effort,or good works, offers salvation as a gift (free of charge) to thosewho will receive it. What cost Jesus everything, cost us nothing toreceive. All that is required is a willing heart to receive his gift. ~ 165 ~
    • Salvation is Free, but it Might cost you everything!Even though salvation itself is free and cannot be bought, it willlikely cost you something after you have received it. AcceptingJesus‟ salvation might cost you your friends, your family, youroccupation, your free time, your hobbies, and your old way ofliving. This is because, for anyone who is in Christ, the newcreation has come: The old has gone, the new is here! (2Corinthians 5:17). If you give your life to Jesus your priorities will change. If theyhaven‟t then you haven‟t really given your life to Jesus. If youclaim to be a Christian but your life is the same as it was beforeyou became a Christian, then you really aren‟t a Christian andnothing really happened. Ask yourself one simple question, whatis my greatest desire on earth? If your answer is not immediatelyJesus, then there is reason to doubt whether you are actually aChristian. When you become a Christian your one desire becomesJesus¸ and you live your life to honor Him only. Don‟tmisunderstand me. I do not mean that you will have no otherdesires when you are a Christian but that these desires will allcenter around knowing and loving Jesus. Christianity is not abouta salvation that we will receive when we die but about a salvationwe receive now in the present moment, and live completely in it.Christianity is not about saying a prayer at one point in your life, orabout completing rituals, or about celebrating certain Christianholidays. Christianity is about a life that is so changed by Jesusthat the old life before knowing Jesus is hardly recognizableanymore. Christianity is about surrendering your filthy sinfulness ~ 166 ~
    • to the only one who can wash you clean; Jesus, and then glorifyingHim in everything you do. Most people are unwilling to give theirlives to Jesus because they are too attached to their own lives.Most people do not want a new identity. They are happy to bethemselves, no matter how sinful they are or lost they are. Mostpeople live for themselves and that is why they are happy withtrying to achieve (work for) their own salvation, because if theyreceive it, they can point to themselves as the one who achieved it.Humans want to glorify in their own self-effort. God‟s economy isradically different. God knows that no one can earn salvation (thatis, no one can fulfill His law perfectly) and so, he provides a wayof salvation for us; not one that we can achieve but one that we canreceive. This is why Jesus says that …broad is the road that leadsto destruction, and many enter through it (Matthew 7:13). Thefact of the matter is, most people feel comfortable walking thebroad road of selfishness and self-achieved salvation and few arewilling to walk a road of selflessness and sacrifice. Our pridefulminds do not want to wrap around a salvation that is free, but thisis exactly what the gospel of Jesus is, and if you continue to try toachieve your salvation, you will most certainly not receiveanything and most certainly lose everything in the end. This iswhat Luke 9 teaches us (read it again). Jesus asks each person todo only one thing; surrender to Him by faith. This means we mustrest not on what we can achieve but on what Jesus has alreadyachieved for us. Therefore, the good news begins with bad newsabout our own inability to achieve salvation. But it ends with thebest news possible; that Jesus has done everything to achieve oursalvation and He offers it freely to us. ~ 167 ~
    • What Good Is It If……?There are only two types of people in this world; those who aretrying to save themselves and those who have surrendered to Jesusas their only possible salvation. Immediately after Jesus challengedhis disciples with the upside-down gospel of salvation (Luke 9:23-24), He presented them with a question that we must ask ourselvestoday. Jesus, starring point blank into the faces of His disciplessaid, What good will it be for someone to gain the whole world, yetforfeit their soul? Or what can anyone give in exchange for theirsoul? (Matthew 16:26) Allow me for a moment to place thispassage in a modern context. What good will it be if you earn yourPh.D., yet your soul goes to hell? Or, what good will it be if youhave four houses and six cars, yet your soul goes to hell? Or even,what good will it be if you become famous and the world adoresyour name, yet your soul goes to hell? Indeed, what good would itbe to do anything and end up in hell for eternity? Yet, most arewilling to live a glorious life here on earth in exchange for theirsouls. Most are willing to give their time and effort becoming asinger, a professional athlete, a medical doctor, or an author, inexchange for an eternity in hell. This, again, is foolishness! Whydo we give so little time to the eternal and give so much time to thetemporal? This is a challenge to you. Are you willing to spend aneternity in Hell to enjoy a few semi-satisfying decades here onearth? Eternity is not a cycle but a state of being. Hell is foreverwithout God‟s love. This will be pure torture. I beg you toconsider your ways and your thoughts. God‟s grace is still offeredand His salvation is still available. Let the wicked forsake their ~ 168 ~
    • ways and the unrighteous their thoughts. Let them turn to theLORD, and he will have mercy on them, and to our God, for hewill freely pardon. (Isaiah 55:7)A Last Warning and Offer – The Choice is yours!“And lastly, let me say, I do not put this to you as a matter ofchoice as to whether you will or will not submit to the will of Godand seek reconciliation with him; neither do I speak with batedbreathed when, as a herald, I hereby proclaim Jesus to be bothLord and God; but in the name of him that liveth and was dead andis alive for evermore, and hath the keys of hell and of death-I say,in his name, I demand of you that you obey him, and receive himas the Christ of God. Yield yourselves to him who is Lord of all.Do you refuse the summons that I give you now as his officer thisday? Then take heed what you do, for as the Lord liveth you shallanswer for this in the great day of his appearing. Behold he comethwith clouds, and every eye shall see him, and they also whichcrucified him, and you who despise him must be judged by him. Ifyou reject him you shall nevertheless see the Son of Man sitting atthe right hand of God, and coming in the clouds of heaven to judgethe quick and dead. I say, again, then, I [write] not to you to flatterand deceive you, I [write] not to plead with you as though my Lordand Master were on equal terms with you. He summons you tosurrender, he bids you throw down your arms and accept hismercy. He is not afraid of your opposition; neither does he need ~ 169 ~
    • your friendship. It is his grace which leads him to invite you topeace. He condescends to treat thus with you whom he might havesent into hell with one word of his lips years ago. If you refusehim you shall answer for it. On your heads shall be your ownblood; and in that day when heaven and earth shall pass away likea scroll, you without a shelter, you without and advocate, youwithout an excuse, shall be banished from his presence to endurethe wrath of God. The Lord grant of his mercy that not one of youmay stand out against him; but this night ere another sun rises, maythere be peace established on a sure footing between you and God,for Christ is our peace. May you take him and trust him, and bereconciled to God; and to God shall be the glory forever andforever. Amen and Amen. “ 5 ~ 170 ~
    • References and Notes:1 Spurgeon, Charles Haddon. Spurgeon‟s Sermons (Volume 9). Grand Rapids:Baker Book House, Reprinted 1989; pg. 1902 Spurgeon, Charles Haddon. Spurgeon‟s Sermons (Volume 9). Grand Rapids:Baker Book House, Reprinted 1989; pg. 3793 Morris (2), pg. 297.4 Spurgeon, Charles Haddon. Spurgeon‟s Sermons (Volume 9). Grand Rapids:Baker Book House, Reprinted 1989; pg. 2555 Spurgeon, Charles Haddon. Spurgeon‟s Sermons (Volume 9). Grand Rapids: BakerBook House, Reprinted 1989; pg. 417-418. Words in the [brackets] are inserted tomake this quote relevant to the reader. Charles Spurgeon was speaking thesewords to an audience and I am writing them to an audience and therefore havesubstituted the word “come” with the word “write”.* Thanks to Dr. Timothy Keller and his sermon “The Upside Down Kingdom”.http://sermons2.redeemer.com/sermons/upside-down-kingdom ~ 171 ~
    • “Lord, to whom shall we go? You have thewords of eternal life. We have come to believe and to know that you are the Holy One of God.” John 6:68 -69 ~ 172 ~
    • TributeThose who are very perceptive will notice my extensive references to the works ofHenry M. Morris. It should be noted that besides the obvious quotes, charts, andillustrations that have been clearly attributed to him, his ideas run through themajority of this book. I am in no way attempting to plagiarize his thoughts as myown but it is impossible to separate his thoughts from my own at this point. This ishow thorough his books have been in my head. I am completely indebted to thisman of God and “Father of Modern Creationism”. It is my hopes, in the end, thatmy thoughts, which have been developed largely from his, will now write a newchapter in the history of Creationist thought in this beautiful land known asThailand.Because of the multiple quotes referencing Henry Morris‟ many books, I havechosen to site his publications in the manner described below.Morris - (Number of the book or publication referenced from the list below) - pagenumber of the reference.Henry M. Morris Citation List 1. Morris, Henry M. For Time And Forever. Green Forest: Master Books, 2004. 2. Morris, Henry M. The Long War Against God. Green Forest: Master Books, 2000. 3. Morris, Henry M. Many Infallible Proofs. Green Forest: Master Books, 1996. 4. Morris, Henry M. The Biblical Basis for Modern Science. Green Forest: Master Books, 2002. 5. Morris, Henry M. Some Call It Science. Dallas: Institute for Creation Research, 2006. 6. Morris, Henry M. The New Defenders Study Bible. Nashville: World Publishing, 2006. ~ 173 ~
    • Creation Education Ministries of Thailand is a non-profit education based ministry. As such, we provide resources for as little cost as possible. All of our resources can be accessed and downloaded free of charge at www.creationthai.org. We doaccept contributions to cover the cost of educational items. If you feel inclined to help our efforts please visit our website for more information about how to donate. ~ 174 ~
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