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Nuts and Bolts of Restoration Implementation

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A presentation about implementing ecosystem restoration projects. Presented by Martha Craig Rheinhardt, Coastal Restoration Project Manager with the Cape Cod Conservation District, during the Buzzards …

A presentation about implementing ecosystem restoration projects. Presented by Martha Craig Rheinhardt, Coastal Restoration Project Manager with the Cape Cod Conservation District, during the Buzzards Bay Coalition's 2012 Decision Makers Workshop series. Learn more at www.savebuzzardsbay.org/DecisionMakers

Published in: Education, Technology, Business

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  • 1. Nuts and Bolts of Restoration Implementation: Lessons from the Cape Cod Water Resources Restoration Project Martha Craig Rheinhardt Coastal Wetland Restoration Project Manager Cape Cod Conservation District Buzzards Bay Coalition Restoration Workshop April 5, 2012
  • 2. Restoration Implementation • • • • • • • Cape Cod Water Resources Restoration Project Planning and Design Partnerships Funding Sources Permitting Monitoring Construction and Construction Management
  • 3. Project Inception
  • 4. Restore anadromous fish runs Replace failing fish ladders
  • 5. Improve water quality for shellfish growing areas Install stormwater BMPs
  • 6. Restore tidal flows to restricted salt marshes Remove tidal restrictions
  • 7. Cape Cod Water Resources Restoration Project • 26 Tidal marsh projects – 1,500 acres of marsh – $ 15 million • 24 Fish passage projects – 4,200 acres of spawning habitat – $ 5 million • 26 Stormwater projects – 7,300 acres of shellfishing areas – $ 8 million
  • 8. Partners and Stakeholders •Cape Cod Conservation District •Natural Resources Conservation Service •Barnstable County Commissioners •Coastal Resources Committee •15 Towns of Cape Cod •Mashpee Wampanoag Tribe • Commonwealth of Massachusetts • MA Dept. Fish and Game •Division of Ecological Restoration •Division of Marine Fisheries • MassDOT • National Oceanic and Atmospheric Adm. • National Park Service • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
  • 9. Coalition Support Members Association to Preserve Cape Cod Cape Cod Chamber of Commerce Cape Cod Commercial Hook Fishermen’s Association Cape Cod Salties Ducks Unlimited Massachusetts Audubon Society Trout Unlimited
  • 10. Planning and Design • • • • • • • • Feasibility Studies Topographic Survey Low-Property Assessments Tide Monitoring Hydraulic/Hydrologic Modeling Alternatives Analyses Public Outreach Design Stages and Review
  • 11. Monitoring • • • • • • • Association to Preserve Cape Cod Pre-construction: Baseline Data Vegetation Neckton Salinity Post-construction: Changes Phragmites
  • 12. Funding • • • • • • • • Funding needed every step of the way Partner Sources: NRCS, DER, NOAA, USFWS Corporate Wetland Restoration Partnership State and Federal grants Foundation grants Be clear about tasks, match Priority Status Keep asking
  • 13. Implementation–PL 83-566 (Small Watersheds Program) • Planning and design costs: 100 percent federal • Permits and land rights: 100 percent sponsor • Construction costs: 75 percent federal 25 percent sponsor
  • 14. Permitting • • • • • • • • • • Order of Conditions 401 Water Quality Certification Chapter 91 U.S. Army Corps of Engineers MA Environmental Policy Act CZM Federal Consistency MA Endangered Species Act MA Historical Commission MassDOT Other Reviewers: EPA, NMFS, DMF, Wampanoag Tribe
  • 15. Preparing for Construction • • • • • • • • Final Plans and Specs Cost Estimates/Budget Bidding: Materials, Labor Ordering Materials Shop Drawings Engineer Review and Sign-off Permit Notifications Ready to Go!
  • 16. Construction • • • • • • Pre-construction Meeting Site Preparation/Limits of Work Dewatering (Coffer dams, pumps, flow diversion) Culvert Removal/Installation Open flow and close-up site (Paving, planting) Engineering Oversight: Check grades, inverts; Reporting; Sign-offs • Permit compliance/notifications
  • 17. What happens after construction? • • • • • • Restoration Begins! Monitoring Operations and Maintenance Plantings Check for erosion/slumping Permit compliance and close-out
  • 18. Sunken Meadow, Eastham
  • 19. Sunken Meadow • • • • • • • • Removal of 610’ earthen berm and culvert No culvert replacement/No hydrologic modeling Pre- and Post-construction monitoring Town DPW did work (25% match) Funding Partners: DER, USFWS Permitting: 3 months (no Chapter 91!) Construction Timeline: 5 days Costs: Construction: $57,000 Engineering/Design: $32,000 Permitting: $18,000
  • 20. Red River Beach, Harwich
  • 21. Red River Beach, Harwich • Replace 2 24” pipes with 3’x4’ and 4’x8’ culverts • Low property: Tide gate needed on upstream culvert • Town Highway Dept. doing construction (25% match) • Funding Partners: DER • Permitting: 7 months • Timing of Construction/Arrival of materials • Costs: Construction: $354,000; Engineering/Design: $94,500 Permitting: $30,000
  • 22. Rushy Marsh, Cotuit (Barnstable)
  • 23. Rushy Marsh • Reconnect tidal flow with new 5’x10’ culvert and channel • Town initiated design and permitting • Permitting adjustments and O&M plan • Bid Range: $149,000-$424,000
  • 24. Freemans Pond, Brewster
  • 25. Freeman’s Pond • • • • • • Replace 36” diameter pipe with 6’x10’ culvert Restore tidal flow to salt pond TOY restrictions for herring Safety requirements Funding Partners: DER, NOAA, CWRP Costs: Construction:$400,000 Engineering/Design: $62,250 Permitting: $30,000
  • 26. Lessons Learned: Planning and Design • • • • • • • • Technical Expertise Important Property Ownership Low Properties Culvert Selection: Safety; Constructability; CostEffectiveness Every site is different! Don’t get “over-engineered” If something doesn’t seem right, it probably isn’t Don’t be afraid to ask questions
  • 27. Lessons Learned: Permitting • Pre-application meeting VERY helpful • Know your regulators (and have them know you) • Definitions are important • Pay attention to permit conditions • Think about timing • Expensive and often grueling
  • 28. Lessons Learned: Construction • • • • • • • Dewatering is KEY Experience of contractor critical Order materials well ahead of time Get easements/entry agreements in place Coordinate utilities Give yourself plenty of room to work Timing: TOY restrictions, fish, plantings, summer season • Troubleshooting: Expect the unexpected!
  • 29. Project/Construction Management • • • • • • • • Define roles as early as possible Strong local support important Remember your partners and experts Ask questions Document everything Work with a comfortable budget Understand invoicing, billing, etc. Have cell phone and phone numbers handy
  • 30. Questions? Martha Craig Rheinhardt Coastal Wetland Restoration Project Manager martha.rheinhardt@ma.usda.gov Questions