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Psalms Code - The Secret of the Lord - Almanac of Mankind
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Psalms Code - The Secret of the Lord - Almanac of Mankind

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The world is full of lost souls, some who would even steal, beg or borrow just to witness a proof of God's existence. The Bible, according to the most, is nothing but the "tales of the old", and God ...

The world is full of lost souls, some who would even steal, beg or borrow just to witness a proof of God's existence. The Bible, according to the most, is nothing but the "tales of the old", and God "does not exist".

What if the Bible is not the "tales of the old" but an almanac of mankind for events past, present and yet to come? Let's illustrate our thesis, then. Let's pick three random years within the 20th century - say, 1982, 1992 and 1993. What happened on earth in 1992 that made the news? 1992 is the first year since 1922 without the Soviet Union and the Cold War, as at the end of 1991 the Soviet Union denounced itself. What else? 1992 is also the year Michael Drosnin found about Bible Codes during his visit to Israel. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 came into effect the same year, paving the way for the utilization and promotion of alternative energy resources across US. 1992 is also the year a breakthrough in "in vitro fertilization" (used for test tube babies) has been developed in Brussels, Belgium.

The Bible, mainly the Psalms, through "keywords" and "key phrases" have foretold the mentioned events thousands of years before they actually "came to pass" before our very eyes!

The events of year 1992 are foretold in Psalm 92. Psalms is the 19th book of the Bible. 19th book + Psalm 92 = year 1992 events! The same logic applies to any year in the 20th, or the 21st century. Wonder what will happen in year 2009? Look up to Psalm 109! How about year 1982? Study Psalm 82!

Three layers cover the verses provided in Psalms. On the first layer, the verses are just prayers, praises to the Lord. On the second layer, the same verses serve as an almanac of events bound to happen on Earth within that year. The third and the final layer unfolds the galactic events that await on God’s Calendar for the year in question.

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Psalms Code - The Secret of the Lord - Almanac of Mankind Psalms Code - The Secret of the Lord - Almanac of Mankind Document Transcript

  • 2 © Copyright 2009 Savasan Yurtsever All rights reserved. www.psalmscode.com
  • 3 Psalms Code The Secret of the Lord Almanac of Mankind Savasan Yurtsever
  • 4 Psalms Code The Secret of the LORD Almanac of Mankind Savasan Yurtsever ISBN-13: 978-1449981082 ISBN-10: 1449981089
  • 5 About This Book Psalms Code ISBN-13: 978-1449981082 ISBN-10: 1449981089 Published in December 2009. This book is the intellectual property of its author and is protected by U.S. and international copyright laws. © Copyright 2009 Savasan Yurtsever All rights reserved. Contact: savasanyurtsever@hotmail.com Website: www.psalmscode.com Slideshare: www.slideshare.net/savasanyurtsever Scribd: www.scribd.com/savasanyurtsever Feedbooks: www.feedbooks.com [Just do a search for “Savasan Yurtsever” without the quotes]
  • 6 Table of Contents Introduction 10 1924 Tsunamis and Floods - Mining Explorations - British Mount Everest Expedition 1924 - Volcano Eruptions - Removal of the Lid of King Tutankhamen’s Sarcophagus - Lord’s 1946 Visit to Earth 26 1946 Tsunamis - End of World War II - Lord’s 1946 Visit to Earth 68 1969 Richard Nixon - Watergate Scandal - Woodstock Festival - First Man on the Moon - Zion/Mars Colonization 92 1982 Syzygy - The Jupiter Effect – The Death of a Prince 118
  • 7 1987 The Mars Declaration 132 1991 George H. W. Bush – The Gulf War 156 1992 Collapse of the Soviet Union - Discovery of the Bible Codes - The [US] Energy Policy Act of 1992 - Space Based Surveillance - Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) 176 1993 1993 World Trade Center Bombing - Archaeological Proof of King David - The Great Flood of 1993 - Inauguration of a New U.S. President /Bill Clinton 198
  • 8 1997 Favorable Events Occurring at the Islands of the World - Administrative and Judicial Decisions – Civil Unrest in Africa - Women’s Move into Key Offices - Fires, Explosions, Crashes - Earthquakes - Floods - Tornados - Lights in the Sky - Solar Eclipse & Power Outages - Inauguration - Space Missions - Mars Expedition - Environmental Issues - Record Breakers and Firsts - Commemorations 216 2000 The New Millennium Celebration - The Year of Genetics - The Great Planetary Alignment 248 2002 High-Speed Communications - AIDS - Bird-Flu - Mars Expeditions - Human Cloning - Change in Earth’s Surface - Illinois Death Row Clemency - The Godless Americans March - The Earth Summit 268
  • 9 2008 Space Missions - Cities of Mars/Zion - Change of US Daylight Saving Time 312 2009 The Year of Anti-Semitic Remarks - Obama - Extended Poverty [Financial Crisis] – 28-Year Cycle of the Sun - New Presidential Elections 366 Afterword 390
  • 10 Psalms Code The Secret of the Lord Almanac of Mankind Introduction The world is full of lost souls, some who would even steal, beg or borrow just to witness a proof of God's existence. The Bible, according to the most, is nothing but the "tales of the old", and God "does not exist". What if the Bible is not the "tales of the old" but an almanac of mankind for events past, present and yet to happen? Let us illustrate our thesis, then. Let's pick three random years within the 20th century - say, 1982, 1992 and 1993. What happened on Earth in 1992 that made the news? 1992 is the first year since 1922 without the Soviet Union and the Cold War, as at the end of 1991 the Soviet Union denounced itself.
  • 11 What else? 1992 is also the year Michael Drosnin found about Bible Codes during his visit to Israel. The Energy Policy Act of 1992 came into effect the same year, paving the way for the utilization and promotion of alternative energy resources across US. 1992 is also the year a breakthrough in "in vitro fertilization" (used for test tube babies) has been developed in Brussels, Belgium. The Bible, mainly the Psalms, through "keywords" and "key phrases" have foretold the mentioned events thousands of years before they actually "came to pass" before our very eyes! The events of year 1992 are foretold in Psalm 92. Psalms is the 19th Book of the Bible. 19th Book + Psalm 92 = year 1992 events! The same logic applies to any year in the 20th, or the 21st century. Wonder what will happen in year 2009? Look up to Psalm 109! How about year 1982? Study Psalm 82!
  • 12 Three layers cover the verses provided in Psalms. On the first layer, the verses are just prayers, praises to the Lord. On the second layer, the same verses serve as an almanac of events bound to happen on Earth within that year. The third and the final layer unfolds the galactic events that await on God’s Calendar for the year in question. Year 1982 To interpret the 82nd Psalm, one needs to look above - to the heavens. A rare event took place up in space in 1982, called a “syzygy”, which, according to the 1974’s best selling book “The Jupiter Effect” was expected to trigger several catastrophes on Earth within the same year. Who is the audience God addresses in this Psalm? We know that the audience is at a meeting with the Lord in the “congregation” (assembly).
  • 13 The meeting is held for God is to judge and analyze the performance of the audience. “Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High” reads the verse, hinting that the meeting is held among God and the children of God. Yet, a verse later we are given another clue: “But ye shall die like men and fall like one of the princes.” If the audience is the children of the Most High, how could they die like men? The answer is simple: the audience is neither men, nor the children of God, but planets! Planets that “walk on in darkness”. Planets that “know not, neither understand”, and “shall die like men, and fall…” – exactly as the verses define! The year is 1982 - when all the planets gathered on the same side of the Sun, forming a planetary alignment, a syzygy – a “congregation”. The verses illustrate The Lord as the Sun, and the planets as “the children of the most High”. The entire Psalm hints us the importance and the effect of planetary motions on human lives.
  • 14 The verses also warn about the death of a prince in 1982 with the line “… fall like one of the princes”. The King and the former Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia died on June 13, 1982. Year 1992 1992 marks as a pivotal year in the history of mankind. It is the first year without the Soviet Union and the Cold War since 1922, as the 1922 Treaty on the creation of the Soviet Union has been denounced on December 12, 1991. The Bible refers to the Soviet Union as “workers of iniquity”. This comes as no surprise since Russia, in her Communist days, promoted and favored the rights and needs of the working class. “All the workers of iniquity shall be scattered” reads the verse, and so it was! The union of Soviets was no more. The verse is found within Psalm 92 - the Psalm that is spared for the events of year 1992. Not anywhere else!
  • 15 1992 is also the year Michael Drosnin found about “Bible Codes” during his visit to Israel and Eliyahu Rips (one of the world's leading authorities on group theory - a field of mathematics underlying quantum physics). Rips used a computer program to locate the codes in the Torah. The 92nd Psalm refers to the computer as an “instrument of ten strings” (a computer keyboard used with ten fingers!), and explains the usage of computer on the Bible with the phrase “upon the psaltery”. The next verse that follows reads “O Lord, how great are thy works! And thy thoughts are very deep. A bruitsh man knoweth not; neither doth a fool understand this” in reference to the spectacular nature of the Bible Codes and the holy wisdom behind it. The phrase “fresh oil” used in Psalm 92/Verse 10 alludes to alternative energy sources, or “The [US] Energy Policy Act of 1992” which aimed at:
  • 16 “restructuring energy markets in the United States. Energy efficiency programs, the use of alternative fuels and renewable energy, research and development programs, and various tax credits and exemptions are mandated in the Act.(51) Programs that have the greatest impact on petroleum”. http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/petroleum/analysis_publications /chronology/petroleumchronology2000.htm - Accessed May 31, 2009. * * * The 11th verse within the 92nd Psalm that reads “Mine eye also shall see my desire on mine enemies, and mine ears shall hear my desire of the wicked that rise up against me” refers to the establishment of United States Strategic Command by George Bush, in, yes, year 1992: "On June 1, 1992, President George H. W. Bush established the U.S. Strategic Command out of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) and other Cold War military bodies, now obsolete due to the change in world politics." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Strategic_Command - Accessed May 31, 2009. * * *
  • 17 Last but not the least, the 92nd Psalm/13th verse that reads “those that be planted…” refers to the development of the “intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)” method of single sperms directly into female eggs ("those that be planted") by Andre van Steirtegham in Brussels, Belgium, in 1992 – a breakthrough in “test tube baby” pregnancies. Year 1993 The year 1993 is remembered for: 1) World Trade Center Bombing 2) The Great Flood in U.S. 3) Inauguration of a New President into the White House - Bill Clinton The Bible, namely the 93rd Psalm, foretold all three events thousands of years before they actually took place and “came to pass” before our very eyes!
  • 18 The 1993 World Trade Center bombing occurred on February 26, 1993, when a car bomb was detonated below the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The Bible calls the World Trade Center “the world” in the first verse, and explains how it “is stablished, that it cannot be moved”, hinting that no major damage would be caused by the attacker who “is clothed with strength”, “wherewith he hath girded himself” in allusion to the yellow Ryder van that was loaded with the 1310 lb. bomb used in the bombing. 1993 is also the year Tel Dan Stele was discovered in Israel – the archaeological proof of King David. The second verse “thy throne is established of old: thou art from everlasting” alludes to King David, the author of most of the Psalms. The discovery of Tel Dan Stele proved once again that a king named David is not a fictional character, but a king who actually did reign in Israel.
  • 19 The third verse is self-explanatory: “The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves.” The Bible is clearly warning the sons and daughters of Jacob regarding a most deadly flood bound to take its toll across the US in year 1993. "The Great Flood of 1993 was among the most costly and devastating ever to occur in the United States, with $15 billion in damages. The hydrographic basin affected covered around 745 miles (1200 km) in length and 435 miles (700 km) in width, totaling about 320,000 square miles (840,000 km²). Within this zone, the flooded area totaled around 30,000 square miles (80,000 km²)[2] and was the worst such U.S. disaster since the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, as measured by duration, square miles inundated, persons displaced, crop and property damage, and number of record river levels. In some categories, the 1993 flood even surpassed the 1927 flood, at the time the largest flood ever recorded on the Mississippi." [The Great Flood of 1993 – Wikipedia] * * *
  • 20 Finally, the keywords “throne” and “reigneth” allude to a new president in the White House; namely Bill Clinton, the 42nd President of the United States. Bill Clinton took office in 1993 and served as a president until 2001. Conclusion The sub-title of the book is inspired by Psalms 25:14: "The secret of the LORD is with them that fear him; and he will shew them his covenant". The covenant the Lord signed with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob is not an exclusive contract, or an agreement but an almanac, a history of events promised to the Patriarchs and their seed directly by the Lord!
  • 21 The Psalms Code - The Secret of the Lord studies several years and exhibits how, through keywords and key phrases, the mentioned events were foretold in the Bible roughly 3,000 thousand years before the events became real! No software or knowledge of Hebrew is required to unlock the codes found in the Psalms! Anyone, living in any nation can witness and harness the codes with their own Bible written in their own language. In God's Eyes, the future as we know it is nothing but past. It is all history to Him. The future events up until the year 2050 A.D. are given in Psalms. The first Psalm refers to year 1901 A.D., and the last one to year 2050 A.D. events. Why the year 2050 A.D.? The answer may be hidden in the 90th Psalm, “a prayer of Moses the man of God”: 9 For all our days are passed away in thy wrath: we spend our years as a tale that is told. 10 The days of our years are threescore years and ten; and if by reason of strength they be fourscore years, yet is their strength labour and sorrow; for it is soon cut off, and we fly away.
  • 22 1990’s was the last decade of the 20th century and the 2nd millennium. The 90th Psalm refers to year 1990 A.D. When we add “threescore years and ten” to 1990, we end up at 2060 A.D. (1990 + (3 x 20) + 10). If we add “fourscore years” to 1990, we end up at 2070 A.D. (1990 + (4 x 20)). The last Psalm points to 2050 A.D. Moses highlights 2060 and 2070 A.D. “… For it is soon cut off, and we fly away” reads the verse. Moses makes a reference to an event that will happen in 2060 or 2070 A.D. which may cause a remnant among the people of Israel to “fly away”, to leave Earth, or be taken up by the Lord in order to pursue life on another planet; possibly on planet Mars - the biblical Zion, as hinted in several verses in the Old Testament. Last but not the least, year 2070 A.D. is a “syzygy” year – the year of another grand planetary alignment that takes place in the heavens every 88 years.
  • 23 We should also note that each astrological age lasts about 2,150 years. The Earth is currently in the Age of Pisces. In year 2150 A.D. (a hundred years or a century after the year 2050 A.D. the last Psalm refers at) the Age of Aquarius will start. Since there are 12 signs in the Zodiac, a full cycle of ages is completed in about 25,800 years (2,150 x 12) forming a “Great Year” or “Platonic Year”. Each astrological age is approximately 2,150 years long, on average, but there are various methods of calculating this length that may yield longer or shorter time spans depending upon the technique used. Unlike sun-sign astrology where the first sign is Aries, followed by Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius, and Pisces, whereupon the cycle returns to Aries and through the zodiacal signs again, the astrological ages proceed in the opposite direction or order. Therefore, the current age, which comes before the Age of Aquarius, is Pisces. It has been said that we are currently shifting into the "Aquarian Age". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Age_of_Aquarius - Accessed May 3, 2009. * * *
  • 24 Though it may be hard to predict what will happen in the upcoming years based only on the given data in the verses, by the end of the year in question, it will be a breeze to interpret what the verses have referred to all along. The Psalms - an almanac (of mankind) it is, and one precious and brilliant one indeed! Much beyond that, it is THE "living" PROOF of GOD! An event mentioned in a certain Psalms is likely to take place within the associated year almost 99% of the time. But certain events show and prove that an event mentioned in Psalms could also "realize" itself within a maximum of three years from the year or Psalm of reference. Isaiah 46: 9 Remember the former things of old: for I am God, and there is none else; I am God, and there is none like me, 10 Declaring the end from the beginning, and from ancient times the things that are not yet done, saying, My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure:
  • 25 Finally, contrary to our expectations, a particular event signaled in the Psalms may actually never happen at all. The above verses make clear: “My counsel shall stand, and I will do all my pleasure” says the Lord. It is God who decides what will happen next! Not us, the mankind, or our expectations. Deuteronomy 32: 39 See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: neither is there any that can deliver out of my hand. 40 For I lift up my hand to heaven, and say, I live for ever. There is a God. The LORD of Hosts is His Name. There is a proof. Psalms (inspired by the Most High roughly 3,000 years ago) is His gift to us, the mankind. There is no doubt. Psalms enlists all major world events bound to happen on Earth between 1901 AD and 2050 AD. There it is. There it was. There it will be!
  • 26 1924 • Tsunamis and Floods • Mining Explorations • British Mount Everest Expedition 1924 • Volcano Eruptions • Removal of the Lid of King Tutankhamen’s Sarcophagus • Lord’s 1946 Visit to Earth
  • 27 Psalms 24: 1 <<A Psalm of David.>> The earth is the LORD'S, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein. 2 For he hath founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods. 3 Who shall ascend into the hill of the LORD? or who shall stand in his holy place? 4 He that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully. 5 He shall receive the blessing from the LORD, and righteousness from the God of his salvation. 6 This is the generation of them that seek him, that seek thy face, O Jacob. Selah. 7 Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in. 8 Who is this King of glory? The LORD strong and mighty, the LORD mighty in battle. 9 Lift up your heads, O ye gates; even lift them up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in. 10 Who is this King of glory? The LORD of hosts, he is the King of glory. Selah.
  • 28 Introduction Several floods were recorded across the U.S. in 1924 hinted in the verses with the key phrases “upon the seas”, “upon the floods”. 1924 is the year Western Maryland Floods of 1924 were observed. Floods also hit Louisiana, North Carolina and Washington A tsunami hit the Coney Island in N.Y and three instances of tsunamis were recorded at the U.S. island of Hawaii (then a territory of U.S.) within 1924. Some major coal, gold, silver, copper and diamond mines were found in U.S. and across the globe in 1924, signaled in the 24th Psalm with the verse “The earth is the LORD’s, and the fullness thereof”. “Uncle Sam”, the nickname for the largest diamond ever discovered in the United States was found in 1924 in Murfreesboro, Arkansas.
  • 29 Largest deposits of the rare metal platinum were also discovered in 1924 by German geologist Dr. Hans Merensky, in South Africa. One of the most productive single mines in world history, based on combined production of lead, silver, copper and zinc, Mount Isa Mines in North-West Queensland, Australia, was also found in 1924. 1924 is co-remembered for the British funded attempts to summit the highest mountain on Earth – Mount Everest, hinted in the 24th Psalm with the phrase “Who shall ascend into the hill of the LORD? Or who shall stand in his holy place?” 1924 is not the year Mount Everest was summited for the first time in history. However, a second British attempt was launched to achieve the feat during the year. A righteous man would achieve the honor of summiting Everest, as the Psalm defines, and the New International Version translation of the same Psalm that reads ” He will receive blessing from the LORD and vindication from God his Saviour” pre-signals the knighthood [Sir] Edmund Hillary would receive in honor of the feat in year 1953.
  • 30 An array of volcano eruptions took place around the world in 1924, one at the tallest mountain on Earth (when measured from the sea-floor), Mount Kilauea, Hawaii, signaled in the verses with the phrase “Lift up your heads. O ye gates, and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors”. “Who is this King of glory” asks the Psalmist. The King of Glory, or “Melekh Hakavod “ in Hebrew is one of the Names of God mentioned in the Bible, symbolically used in this Psalm for the historic event that happened in 1924 – the removal of the lid of King Tut’s sarcophagus. King Tut was and still remains a king of glory in human terms. A serious attempt to summit the highest mountain on Earth (when measured from the sea-level) Mount Everest, volcano eruptions on the tallest mountain in the world (when measured from the sea-floor) Mount Kilauea, the discovery of King Tutankhamen’s mummy and opening of the (invisible) gates (of the tallest ancient monuments of the time – pyramids) would mark 1924 a year full of historic events that would pave the way for Lord’s visit to Earth in 1946.
  • 31 Tsunamis and Floods [Key phrases: upon the seas, upon the floods] The Western Maryland Floods of 1924 http://www.whilbr.com/assets/uploads/wcco008s.jpg – Accessed Sept. 30, 2009. * * * A total of four tsunamis were recorded at U.S. shores in 1924. Several floods were also recorded across the U.S. in 1924 hinted in the verses with the key phrases “upon the seas”, “upon the floods”.
  • 32 A tsunami hit the Coney Island in N.Y and three more tsunamis were recorded at the [then] U.S. territory of Hawaii within 1924 1924 is the year Western Maryland Floods of 1924 were observed. Floods also hit Louisiana, North Carolina and Washington...
  • 33 Mining Explorations [Key phrase: The earth is the LORD's, and the fulness thereof; the world, and they that dwell therein] Several coal, gold, silver, copper and diamond mines were found in U.S. and across the globe in 1924, signaled in the 24th Psalm with the verse “The earth is the LORD’s, and the fullness thereof”. “Uncle Sam”, the nickname for the largest diamond ever discovered in the United States was found in 1924 in Murfreesboro, Arkansas. Largest deposits of the rare metal platinum were also discovered in 1924 by German geologist Dr. Hans Merensky, in South Africa. One of the most productive single mines in world history, based on combined production of lead, silver, copper and zinc, Mount Isa Mines in North-West Queensland, Australia, was also found in 1924.
  • 34 The discovery and mining of Earth’s precious ores would only tell half of the story behind the 1924 mining rush. The verses speak of yet another find. Not a precious metal, but something that has to do with humans, hinted in the verses with the line: “…the world and they that dwell therein” The Taung Baby, a 2.5 million years old skull of a 3 years old baby, an early hominid species that walked upright, was also discovered in 1924 in Taung, South Africa – one of the oldest human fossils ever found. The Taung Baby http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Taung%27s_child.jpg – Accessed Sept. 30, 2009. * * *
  • 35 British Mount Everest Expedition 1924 [Key phrase: Who shall ascend into the hill of the LORD? Or who shall stand in his holy place?] Mount Everest http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mount_Everest_as_seen_from_Drukair2.jpg - Accessed Sept. 30, 2009. * * * Mount Everest is the highest mountain on Earth when measured from the sea level. Is it the highest mountain on Earth when measured from the sea floor? No.
  • 36 Mauna Kea, one of five volcanoes which together form the island of Hawaii (10,203 meters above the floor of the Pacific Ocean) is the tallest mountain on Earth, depicted in the verses with the line: “For he hath founded it upon the seas, and established it upon the floods”. Mount Everest is the highest mountain on Earth, and the highest point on the Earth's crust, as measured by the height above sea level of its summit, 8,848 metres (29,029 ft). The mountain, which is part of the Himalaya range in Asia, is located on the border between Sagarmatha Zone, Nepal, and Tibet, China. The Tibetan name for Mount Everest is Chomolungma or Qomolangma means "Saint Mother"), and the Chinese transliteration is Zhūmùlǎngmǎ Fēng which refers to Earth Mother; the Chinese translation is Shèngmǔ Fēng, which refers to Holy Mother. According to English accounts of the mid-19th century, the local name in Darjeeling for Mount Everest was Deodungha (meaning "holy mountain"). [14] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mount_Everest - Accessed on Sept. 30, 2009. * * *
  • 37 The British Mount Everest Expedition 1924 The British Mount Everest Expedition 1924 was— after the British Everest Expedition of 1922—the second expedition with the goal of achieving the first ascent of Mount Everest. After two summit attempts in which Edward Norton set a world altitude record, the mountaineers George Mallory and Andrew "Sandy" Irvine disappeared on the third attempt. Their disappearance has given rise to mountaineering history's most notorious unanswered question: whether or not the pair successfully climbed to the summit. Mallory's body was found in 1999 but the resulting clues did not provide conclusive evidence as to whether the summit was reached. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/British_Mount_Everest_Expedition_1924 - Accessed Sept. 30, 2009. * * * The British mountaineers did not make it. The second British attempt to reach the summit of Mount Everest was a failure. The verses are clear: “He that had clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn deceitfully” could make it to the top [for the first time]. The right man did not appear on the “hill of the LORD” until the year 1953.
  • 38 Sir Edmund Hillary http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/0/03/Edmundhillarycroppe d.jpg - Accessed Sept. 30, 2009. * * * Sir Edmund Percival Hillary Sir Edmund Percival Hillary, KG, ONZ, KBE (20 July 1919 – 11 January 2008) was a New Zealand mountaineer and explorer. On 29 May 1953 at the age of 33, he and Sherpa mountaineer Tenzing Norgay became the first climbers known to have reached the summit of Mount Everest. They were part of the ninth British expedition to Everest, led by John Hunt.
  • 39 Hillary became interested in mountaineering while in secondary school, making his first major climb in 1939, reaching the summit of Mount Ollivier. He served in the RNZAF as a navigator during World War II. Before the successful expedition in 1953 to Everest, he had been part of a reconnaissance expedition to the mountain in 1951 and an unsuccessful attempt to climb Cho Oyu in 1952. As part of the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition he reached the South Pole overland in 1958. He would later also travel to the North Pole. Following his ascent of Everest he devoted much of his life to helping the Sherpa people of Nepal through the Himalayan Trust, which he founded. Through his efforts many schools and hospitals were built in this remote region of Nepal. They reached Everest's 29,028 ft (8,848 m) summit, the highest point on earth, at 11:30 am.[15][1] As Hillary put it, "A few more whacks of the ice axe in the firm snow, and we stood on top."[16] They spent only about 15 minutes at the summit. They looked for evidence of the 1924 Mallory expedition, but found none.[17] Hillary took the famous photo of Tenzing posing with his ice-axe, but since Tenzing had never used a camera, Hillary's ascent went unrecorded.[18][19]
  • 40 Tenzing left chocolates in the snow as an offering and Hillary left a cross that he had been given.[10] Additional photos were taken looking down the mountain in order to re-assure that they had made it to the top and that the ascent was not faked.[19] The two had to take care on the descent after discovering that drifting snow had covered their tracks, complicating the task of retracing their steps. The first person they met was Lowe, who had climbed up to meet them with hot soup. “Well, George, we knocked the bastard off.” — Hillary's first words to lifelong friend George Lowe on returning from Everest's summit [5][10] News of the successful expedition reached Britain on the day of the coronation of Queen Elizabeth II. The group was surprised by the international acclaim that they received upon arriving in Kathmandu.[10] Hillary and Hunt were knighted by the young queen,[20] while Tenzing received either the British Empire Medal,[16] or the George Medal from the British Government for his efforts with the expedition.[21][22] It has been suggested that Indian prime minister Jawaharlal Nehru refused permission for Tenzing to be knighted.[21]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Edmund_Hillary - Accessed Sept. 30, 2009. * * *
  • 41 On top of the world: Tenzing on the summit of Mt Everest. Photograph taken by Hillary, 29 May 1953. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:TenzingonSummit.jpg – Accessed Sept. 30, 2009. * * *
  • 42 Volcano Eruptions [Key phrases: Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors, Lift up your heads, O ye gates; even lift them up, ye everlasting doors] Kilauea, Hawaii. Photo taken May 22, 1924 http://magmacumlaude.blogspot.com/2008/03/new-developments-and-little- history.html?showComment=1206138540000 - Accessed Sept. 30, 2009.
  • 43 Thirty-two volcano eruptions were recorded in 1924 around the world. With the addition of seventeen volcanoes that were actively erupting prior to, and during 1924, a total of forty-nine volcano eruptions were active during the year. Volcano eruptions are not rare events. The total number of volcano eruptions of 1924 was not historical extremes in either number or size. What makes 1924 volcano eruptions noteworthy is explained in the 24th Psalm as: 7 Lift up your heads, O ye gates; and be ye lift up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in. 8 Who is this King of glory? The LORD strong and mighty, the LORD mighty in battle. 9 Lift up your heads, O ye gates; even lift them up, ye everlasting doors; and the King of glory shall come in. “The King of glory shall come in.” The gates, eternal doors are to lift up their heads. The Lord is to visit the Earth in year 1946.
  • 44 The Bible is clear: The Most High dwells “in” high hills, high mountains – often in the highest available within the terrain. As we shall see when we study the year 2008, Olympus Mons (Mount Olympus) on planet Mars is the highest mountain in the Solar System. It is about three times as high as Mount Everest. The Olympus Mons caldera and peak marks the “Most High” spot in our Solar System. Psalms 68:16 Why leap ye, ye high hills? this is the hill which God desireth to dwell in; yea, the LORD will dwell in it for ever. Psalms 48:1 Great is the LORD, and greatly to be praised in the city of our God, in the mountain of his holiness. Isaiah 2:2 And it shall come to pass in the last days, that the mountain of the LORD'S house shall be established in the top of the mountains, and shall be exalted above the hills; and all nations shall flow unto it.
  • 45 Isaiah 2:3 And many people shall go and say, Come ye, and let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob; and he will teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his paths: for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. Isaiah 11:9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea. Isaiah 25:6 And in this mountain shall the LORD of hosts make unto all people a feast of fat things, a feast of wines on the lees, of fat things full of marrow, of wines on the lees well refined. Isaiah 25:10 For in this mountain shall the hand of the LORD rest, and Moab shall be trodden down under him, even as straw is trodden down for the dunghill. Isaiah 30:29 Ye shall have a song, as in the night when a holy solemnity is kept; and gladness of heart, as when one goeth with a pipe to come into the mountain of the LORD, to the mighty One of Israel. Isaiah 56:7 Even them will I bring to my holy mountain, and make them joyful in my house of prayer: their burnt offerings and their sacrifices shall be accepted upon mine altar; for mine house shall be called an house of prayer for all people.
  • 46 Isaiah 65:25 The wolf and the lamb shall feed together, and the lion shall eat straw like the bullock: and dust shall be the serpent's meat. They shall not hurt nor destroy in all my holy mountain, saith the LORD. Ezekiel 11:23 And the glory of the LORD went up from the midst of the city, and stood upon the mountain which is on the east side of the city. Ezekiel 20:40 For in mine holy mountain, in the mountain of the height of Israel, saith the Lord GOD, there shall all the house of Israel, all of them in the land, serve me: there will I accept them, and there will I require your offerings, and the firstfruits of your oblations, with all your holy things. Joel 3:17 So shall ye know that I am the LORD your God dwelling in Zion, my holy mountain: then shall Jerusalem be holy, and there shall no strangers pass through her any more. It is thought provoking to see that the Psalmist makes references to Mount Everest, volcanic eruptions, gates, eternal doors and Lord’s visit to Earth all in the same Psalm.
  • 47 On God’s calendar, 1924 was destined to be the year a second historic human attempt to summit a holy hill of the Lord, namely Mount Everest, the highest mountain on Earth (when measured from the sea level) would be due. Several volcanoes would erupt during the year on tallest mountains of the Earth (when measured from the sea floor) - gates, “everlasting doors” would be opened, or “lift up their heads” so that the Lord would “come in”. The entire Psalm highlights the tallest naturally formed landmarks on Earth – mountains, and in between the lines, the tallest ancient architectural monuments of the time – pyramids, and refers to them as the houses and the gates of the Lord.
  • 48 Volcano Eruptions of 1924 Volcano Country / Location Eruption Start Date Eruption Stop Date Max VEI* Acatenango Guatemala 1924 Dec 18 1925 Jun 7 3 Yake-dake Japan 1924 Nov 16 1926 Jan 27 2 Ebulobo Indonesia 1924 Nov Unknown 2 Iriomote-jima Japan 1924 Oct 31 Unknown 4? Tongariro New Zealand 1924 Oct 1924 Nov 2 Galeras Colombia 1924 Oct 1927 3 Merapi Indonesia 1924 Sep 10 1924 Sep 12 ± 1 day 1 Asama Japan 1924 Sep 7 1924 Sep 29 2 Fournaise, Piton de la France 1924 Sep 3 1924 Sep 13 2 Komaga-take Japan 1924 Jul 31 Unknown 2 Kilauea United States 1924 Jul 19 1924 Jul 29 0 Tongariro New Zealand 1924 May 22 Unknown 2 Fournaise, Piton de la France 1924 May 19 1924 May 23 (on or after) 0 Kilauea United States 1924 May 10 1924 May 27 2 Karangetang [Api Siau] Indonesia 1924 May Unknown 2 Tandikat Indonesia 1924 Apr 1924 Apr (?) 1 Kolokol Group Russia 1924 Mar 13 Unknown 2? Batur Indonesia 1924 Mar 1924 Mar (?) 2 Irazú Costa Rica 1924 Mar 1924 Apr 2 Izalco El Salvador 1924 Mar Unknown 2 Raikoke Russia 1924 Feb 15 Unknown 4 Unnamed Russia 1924 Feb 15 Unknown 0 Raung Indonesia 1924 Feb (on or before) Unknown 2 Pavlof United States 1924 Jan 17 Unknown 2 Tongariro New Zealand 1924 Jan 9 1924 Jan 30 2 Babuyan Claro Philippines 1924 Unknown 2 Ketoi Russia 1924 Unknown 2 Bam Papua New Guinea 1924 Unknown 2 Okataina New Zealand 1924 Unknown 1 White Island New Zealand 1924 Unknown 2 Puracé Colombia 1924 Unknown 2 Askja Iceland 1924 (?) Unknown 0? Soputan Indonesia 1923 Nov 27 1924 Jan 18 2 Popocatépetl México 1923 Nov 27 1924 Mar 7 1 Etna Italy 1923 Oct 9 1925 Feb 1 Papandayan Indonesia 1923 Mar 11 1925 Mar 9 1 Kuwae Vanuatu 1923 1925 2?
  • 49 Santa María Guatemala 1922 Jun 22 2009 (continuing) 3 Concepción Nicaragua 1921 Dec 1926 May 2 Nyamuragira Dem Rep Congo 1921 1938 Jan 17 ± 3 days 0 San Miguel El Salvador 1920 Aug 14 1925 2 Masaya Nicaragua 1919 1924 2 Tungurahua Ecuador 1916 Mar 3 1925 Dec 1 ± 30 days 4 Azul, Cerro Chile 1916 1932 Apr 21 5+ Vesuvius Italy 1913 Jul 5 1944 Apr 4 3 Stromboli Italy 1910 May 1931 Jul 3 Kilauea United States 1906 Dec 2 1924 Feb 0 Victory Papua New Guinea 1890 (?) 1935 ± 5 years 2 Yasur Vanuatu 1774 (in or before) 2009 (continuing) 3 * VEI: Volcanic Explosivity Index. Size or “bigness” of eruptions on a scale of 0-8. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/find_eruptions.cfm - Accessed Sept. 30, 2009 * * *
  • 50 Volcano A volcano is an opening (or rupture) in the Earth's surface or crust, which allows hot, usually molten rock, ash, and gases to escape from deep below the surface. Volcanic activity involving the extrusion of rock tends to form mountains or features like mountains over a period of time. Volcanoes are generally found where two to three tectonic plates pull apart or are coming together. A mid-oceanic ridge, like the Mid-Atlantic Ridge, has examples of volcanoes caused by "divergent tectonic plates" pulling apart; the Pacific Ring of Fire has examples of volcanoes caused by "convergent tectonic plates" coming together. By contrast, volcanoes are usually not created where two tectonic plates slide past one another (like the San Andreas fault). Volcanoes can also form where there is stretching of the Earth's crust and where the crust grows thin (called "non- hotspot intraplate volcanism"), such as in the African Rift Valley or the European Rhine Graben with its Eifel volcanoes). Finally, volcanoes can be caused by "mantle plumes," so- called "hotspots;" these hotspots can occur far from plate boundaries, such as the Hawaiian Islands. Interestingly, hotspot volcanoes are also found elsewhere in the solar system, especially on rocky planets and moons. http://www.armageddononline.org/volcano.php - Accessed Sept. 30, 2009. * * *
  • 51 http://www.armageddononline.org/volcano.php - Accessed Sept. 30, 2009. * * *
  • 52 Is Everest the Tallest Mountain? The highest mountain is not necessarily the tallest, considering the difference in height between the peak and the surrounding base of the mountain. There is no precise definition of surrounding base, but Mount McKinley, Mount Kilimanjaro and Nanga Parbat are possible candidates for the tallest mountain on land by this measure. The bases of mountain islands are below sea level, and given this consideration Mauna Kea is the world's tallest mountain, rising about 10,200 meters (33,500 feet) from the Pacific floor. Ojos del Salado has the greatest rise on Earth - 44,029 ft from the summit to the bottom of the Atacama Trench about 350 miles away, though most of this rise is not part of the mountain. Nor are they necessarily the largest. Mauna Loa is the largest mountain on Earth in terms of base area (about 2000 mi2) and volume (about 10,000 mi3), although, due to the intergrade of lava from Kilauea, Hualalai and Mauna Kea, the volume can only be estimated based on surface area and height of the ediface). Mount Kilimanjaro is the largest non-shield volcano in terms of both base area (245 mi2) and volume (1150 mi3). Mount Logan is largest non-volcanic mountain in base area (about 120 mi2). The highest mountains are not necessarily those farthest from the centre of the Earth, because the figure of the Earth is not spherical. Sea level closer to the equator is several miles farther from the centre of the Earth. The summit of Chimborazo, Ecuador's tallest mountain, is usually considered to be the farthest point from the Earth's centre, although the southern summit of Peru's tallest mountain, Huascarán, is another contender.[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_highest_mountains - Accessed Sept. 30, 2009.
  • 53 Olympus, Arsia, Pavonis and Ascraeus Mons (Mountains) on Mars http://www.google.com/mars/ - Accessed Sept. 30, 2009. Right To Left: Great (Khufu) Pyramid, Pyramid of Khafre and Pyramid of Mankaure Aerial photography, taken from Eduard Spelterini's balloon on November 21, 1904 http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/3/3b/Spelterini_Pyramids.jp g - Accessed Sept. 30, 2009.
  • 54 Removal of the Lid of King Tutankhamen’s Sarcophagus [Key phrases: This is the generation of them that seek him that seek thy face, O Jacob, Who is this King of glory?] The burial mask of Tutankhamen on display in the Egyptian Museum http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tuthankhamun_Egyptian_Museum.jpg - Accessed December 5, 2009. * * *
  • 55 “Who is this King of glory” asks the Psalmist. The King of Glory, or “Melekh Hakavod “ in Hebrew is one of the Names of God mentioned in the Bible, symbolically used in this Psalm for the historic event that happened in 1924 – the removal of the lid of King Tut’s sarcophagus. King Tut was and still remains a king of glory in human terms. Tutankhamun (alternately spelled with Tutenkh-, -amen, -amon), (1341 BC – 1323 BC) was an Egyptian pharaoh of the 18th dynasty (ruled 1333 BC – 1324 BC in the conventional chronology), during the period of Egyptian history known as the New Kingdom. His original name, Tutankhaten, means "Living Image of Aten", while Tutankhamun means "Living Image of Amun". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tutankhamun - Accessed December 5, 2009. * * *
  • 56 “This is the generation of them that seek him that seek thy face, O Jacob” reads the verse. Could Tutankhamen be a descendant of the biblical Patriarch Jacob? Is that why the Psalm mentions the face of Jacob; indirectly referring to the face of Tutankhamen with the line: “… that seek thy face, o Jacob”? The original name of Tutankhamen was “Tutankhaten”, meaning “living image of Aten”. “Aten” is the name of the God introduced to Egypt by pharaoh Akhenaten (“effective spirit of Aten”). Aten The name of the Egyptian deity Aten transliterates into the Hebrew word Adon.(25) Adon, which is translated by English Bibles as "the Lord" (and Adonai, translated as "my Lord") is used along with Jehovah (Yhwh) in the Bible as the exclusive personal names of God. Moreover, in ancient times, the name Jehovah (Yhwh) was written, but never spoken.
  • 57 Whenever the written name Jehovah (Yhwh) was to be read out loud, Adon (Aten) was voiced instead.(26) The written form of Adon is infrequent, however, its limited usage is significant, especially in the first six books of the Bible (See under "LORD" in Strong's Exhaustive Concordance), where it is reserved for the following applications alone: Moses addresses God using the title Adon/Aten (Exodus 4:10,13; 5:22; 34:9; Numbers 14:17; Deuteronomy 3:23; 7:26; 10:17); Moses, himself, is addressed both by Aaron (Ex.32:22; Num.12:11) and by Joshua (Numbers 11:28) using the title Adon/Aten; and Joshua also addresses God using the title Adon/Aten (Joshua 5:14 b; 7:7). As mentioned above, there is an established relationship between the literature of the Egyptian 18th Dynasty and the Bible. Psalm 104 is an embellishment of the Hymn to the Aten which was found by archaeologists at the city of Akhetaten.(27) http://www.domainofman.com/ankhemmaat/moses.html - Accessed December 5, 2009. * * * Akhenaten, also known as pharaoh Amenhotep IV, according to Sigmund Freud in his book “Moses and Monotheism”, has pioneered the world’s first monotheistic religion.
  • 58 Akhenaten – Amenhotep IV Biblical Moses? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:GD-EG-Caire-Mus%C3%A9e061.JPG - Accessed December 5, 2009. * * * Akhenaten Akhenaten, A Pharaoh of the Eighteenth dynasty of Egypt, he ruled for 17 years and died in 1336 BC or 1334 BC. He is especially noted for abandoning traditional Egyptian polytheism and introducing worship centered on the Aten, which is sometimes described as monotheistic; http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akhenaten#Akhenaten_and_Judeo- Christian_monotheism - Accessed December 5, 2009.
  • 59 He [Akhenaten] rejected the worship of Amun, the principal state god of his forefathers, in favor of the the sun disk, the Aten. He abandoned Thebes, then the religious capital of Egypt, and moved his government to a virgin site in Middle Egypt known today as El-Amarna; it was near this new capital city that he had his final resting place prepared. http://guardians.net/hawass/articles/Mystery%20of%20the%20Mumm y%20from%20KV55.htm - Accessed December 5, 2009. * * * Ahmed Osman [an Egyptian-born author and Egyptologist] has claimed that Akhenaten's maternal grandfather Yuya was the same person as the Biblical Joseph. Yuya held the title "Overseer of the Cattle of Min at Akhmin" during his life. [52] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akhenaten#Akhenaten_and_Judeo- Christian_monotheism - Accessed December 5, 2009. * * * Joseph The story of Joseph is told in Genesis, chapters 37-50 (one of the longest continuous narratives in the Bible). The favorite son of his father Jacob, Joseph is sold into slavery in Egypt by his jealous brothers, but rises to become Pharaoh's viceroy, and brings the Children of Israel (i.e., of Jacob) to Egypt to live in the land of Goshen.
  • 60 Joseph is one of the best-known figures in the Torah, famous for his coat of many colors [his father Jacob’s gift to him] (although this is a possible mistranslation of the Hebrew phrase "kethoneth passim ‫ֶת‬‫נ‬ֹ‫ת‬ ְ‫כּ‬ ‫ים‬ ִ‫סּ‬ַ‫פּ‬" which means a "shirt with sleeves".[3]) and for his ability to interpret dreams. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Joseph_%28Hebrew_Bible%29 – Accessed December 5, 2009. * * * If Akhenaten is Joseph’s grandson, could Akhenaten also be Tutankhamen’s father? Recently Ahmed Osman has claimed that Moses and Akhenaten were one and the same person, supporting his belief by interpreting aspects of biblical and Egyptian history. This would mesh with Osman's other claim that Akhenaten's maternal grandfather Yuya was the same person as the Biblical Joseph. Others have identified Akhenaton not with a Pharaoh of close to Moses' times (usually identified as Rameses II) but with the Pharoah who appointed Joseph as his vizier. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Akhenaten#Osman.27s _Theory - Accessed December 5, 2009. * * *
  • 61 In 2007, Zahi Hawass and a team of researchers made CT Scan images of the KV 55 mummy. They have concluded that the elongated skull, cheek bones, cleft palate, and impacted wisdom tooth suggest that the mummy is the father of Tutankhamun, also commonly known as Akhenaten.[8] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Akhenaten#Pharaoh_and_family_depicti ons - Accessed December 5, 2009. * * * In 1922, Howard Carter, (9 May 1874 – 2 March 1939), English archaeologist and Egyptologist, discovered Tutankhamen’s intact tomb and received worldwide press coverage.
  • 62 Howard Carter http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Howard_carter.jpg – Accessed December 5, 2009. * * * In 1924, Howard Carter opened the lid of King Tut’s stone sarcophagus in search for the mummy of King Tut. The news spread like wildfire across the globe. Carter visited the U.S.A within the same year, and gave illustrated lectures about the discovery of King Tut’s Tomb.
  • 63 The New York Times Feb. 13, 1924 • "GOLD-CASED MUMMY OF TUT-ANKH- AMEN IS FOUND IN COFFIN" • "Opening of the Sarcophagus Reveals Pharaoh as He Was Laid to Rest 3,300 Years Ago" • "SPECTACLE IS DAZZLING" • "IT HAS CROWN AND SCEPTRE" http://www.rarenewspapers.com/view/556520 - Accessed December 5, 2009. * * *
  • 64 The stone sarcophagus of King Tut, with its cracked lid http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/tutshrine10.jpg - Accessed December 5, 2009. The sarcophagus of King Tut without the lid http://www.touregypt.net/featurestories/tutshrine4.jpg - Accessed December 5, 2009.
  • 65 A model photo of King Tut computer generated from CT scans of King Tut’s mummy http://4.bp.blogspot.com/_DQk-PjsLD- A/RzqcjLNXKXI/AAAAAAAAAts/N6JPFJ4H974/s400/capt.e85555894d30451e8c 19d6ab7515f18a.egypt_king_tut_mummy_ny116.jpg - Accessed December 5, 2009. * * * On November 4, 2007, the mummy of the boy pharaoh Tutankhamen was removed from his stone sarcophagus and was put to display in his tomb in the Valley of the Kings.
  • 66 The real face of King Tut revealed to the public on November 4, 2007 (AFP/Cris Bouroncle) http://3.bp.blogspot.com/_DQk-PjsLD- A/Rzqci7NXKWI/AAAAAAAAAtk/zLwapakhaf8/s400/capt.sge.qww09.041107 233102.photo00.photo.default-342x512.jpg - Accessed December 5, 2009. * * *
  • 67 Lord’s 1946 Visit to Earth [Key phrase: and the King of glory shall come in] The 24th Psalm highlights the Island of Hawaii on four accounts. One, it is the home of Mauna Kea, the tallest mountain on Earth (when measured from the sea floor). Two, volcanic eruptions would be due on Mount Kilauea in 1924. Three, tsunamis would hit the island within the same year (“upon the seas… upon the floods”). The National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) reports three instances of tsunamis for Hawaii that hit the island during 1924. Four, it is the most probable location, a possible “presence” site of the Lord’s future visit to Earth 22 years later in 1946, depicted in the 24th Psalm with the verse “and the King of glory shall come in”.
  • 68 1946 • Tsunamis • End of World War II • Lord’s 1946 Visit to Earth
  • 69 Psalms 46: 1 <<To the chief Musician for the sons of Korah, A Song upon Alamoth.>> God is our refuge and strength, a very present help in trouble. 2 Therefore will not we fear, though the earth be removed, and though the mountains be carried into the midst of the sea; 3 Though the waters thereof roar and be troubled, though the mountains shake with the swelling thereof. Selah. 4 There is a river, the streams whereof shall make glad the city of God, the holy place of the tabernacles of the most High. 5 God is in the midst of her; she shall not be moved: God shall help her, and that right early. 6 The heathen raged, the kingdoms were moved: he uttered his voice, the earth melted. 7 The LORD of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah. 8 Come, behold the works of the LORD, what desolations he hath made in the earth. 9 He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth; he breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder; he burneth the chariot in the fire.
  • 70 10 Be still, and know that I am God: I will be exalted among the heathen, I will be exalted in the earth. 11 The LORD of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah.
  • 71 Introduction When we move 22 years forward in our time travel within the verses of Psalms, in the 46th Psalm we read the verse: 3 Though the waters thereof roar and be troubled, though the mountains shake with the swelling thereof. Selah. “Though the waters thereof roar...” A clear description of tsunamis… National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) enlists almost countless instances of tsunamis across the globe for 1946, especially for Hawaii. Almost all of them had a severe magnitude of 8 or more. A war would have to end in 1946 as hinted in the 46th Psalm with the key phrase: “He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth; he breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder…” The war that ended in 1946 was no other than the World War II, ended on December 31, 1946 for the United States when President Harry Truman delivered Proclamation 2714, which officially ended hostilities of World War II.
  • 72 1946 is a year to mark for it is one of the two years within the 20th century that the Lord visited the Earth; hinted in 46th Psalm with the key phrase “The LORD of hosts is with us”. 7 The LORD of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah.
  • 73 Tsunamis [Key phrases: Though the waters thereof roar and be troubled, though the mountains shake with the swelling thereof] The tsunami of April 1, 1946 broke over Pier No. 1 in Hilo Harbor, Hawaii The man in the foreground (lower left) became one of the 159 deaths on the islands Credit: NOAA http://www.livescience.com/environment/041206_tsunami_new.html - Accessed December 11, 2009. * * *
  • 74 As our year 1924 study exhibited, we knew it would happen. We knew the Lord would visit the Earth sometime soon. We were also expecting Hawaii to move up to headlines when He did. It is in the 46th Psalm that the good news is given: “The LORD of hosts is with us”. The LORD has arrived on Earth, in year 1946. As expected, Hawaii would have to be the major site of His “presence”. Mystery of Deadly 1946 Tsunami Deepens By Sarah Davidson, LiveScience Staff Writer Posted: 06 December, 2004 9:00 a.m. ET The word tsunami is Japanese for "great harbor waves." On the open ocean, however, they are barely noticeable, looking from the surface like any other wave. But underneath, a tremendous well of energy lurks. A mystery surrounding one of the most destructive tsunamis of the 20th Century just got more puzzling as a seafloor search failed to reveal the smoking gun scientists expected to find. On April Fools Day in 1946 an earthquake off the coast of the Aleutian Islands in Alaska spawned a series of waves known as a tsunami.
  • 75 One wave as high as a 13-story building hit locally. Others raced across the Pacific, killing dozens and leaving a trail of destruction that stretched to California and even South America. The earthquake was too small to spawn the huge local wave, many scientists agree, and they have struggled for decades to figure out what happened. The leading theory has been that the earthquake triggered an underwater landslide, generating a one-two punch. But a seafloor-mapping project by Scripps Institution of Oceanography, designed specifically to look for the cause of the tsunami, didn't find evidence to support that theory. "We found no landslide where there should have been a landslide, where I was positive there had to be a landslide," Gerard Fryer, a geophysics professor at the University of Hawaii, told LiveScience. "I was stunned that there was nothing there. The first wave of the tsunami on that April 1st nearly six decades ago reached the big island of Hawaii in about five hours. The Hilo waterfront was destroyed. Surges as tall as two- and three-story buildings pounded several coastal villages. In Haena, the tsunami reached its maximum height -- in Hawaii, anyway -- of 45 feet (13.7 meters). The calamity killed 159 people in Hawaii and caused $26 million in damage -- in 1946 dollars. http://www.livescience.com/environment/041206_tsunami_new.html - Accessed December 11, 2009. * * *
  • 76 End of World War II [Key phrases: He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth; he breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder; he burneth the chariot in the fire] Mushroom cloud from the atomic explosion over Nagasaki rising 60,000 feet into the air on the morning of August 9, 1945 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Nagasakibomb.jpg – Accessed December 11, 2009. * * *
  • 77 A war would have to end in 1946 as hinted in the 46th Psalm with the key phrases: “He maketh wars to cease unto the end of the earth; he breaketh the bow, and cutteth the spear in sunder…” The war that ended in 1946 was no other than World War II. On December 31, 1946 President Harry Truman delivered Proclamation 2714, which officially ended hostilities in World War II, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1946 - Accessed December 11, 2009. * * * Proclamation 2714 Presidential Proclamation 2714 was signed by President Harry S. Truman on December 31, 1946 to officially declare the cessation of all hostilities in World War II. Even though the actual combat of the war ended May 8, 1945 in Europe and September 2, 1945 in the Pacific, the state of war was not lifted off of Japan and Germany in order to give a reason for the necessity of occupation troops in these countries. Once the War Crimes Trials were over, the hostilities were seen as over.
  • 78 The signing of Proclamation 2714 is the reason why the U.S. recognizes its World War II veterans as anyone who has served between the dates of December 7, 1941 and December 31, 1946. The declarations of war against Japan and Germany in 1941 were officially lifted as follows: • September 8, 1951: Forty-nine nations sign the Japanese Peace Treaty in San Francisco, officially ending World War II and re-establishing Japanese sovereignty. • October 19, 1951: President Truman signs an act formally ending World War II. (After having Congress abolish the state of war with Germany) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Proclamation_2714 - Accessed December 11, 2009. * * *
  • 79 Lord’s 1946 Visit to Earth [Key phrase: The LORD of hosts is with us] Emblem of the United Nations http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Emblem_of_the_United_Nations.svg – Accessed December 11, 2009. * * * 1946 is the year the Lord visited the Earth; hinted in 46th Psalm with the key phrase “The LORD of hosts is with us”.
  • 80 7 The LORD of hosts is with us; the God of Jacob is our refuge. Selah. A year later, in 1947, the LORD left the Earth, as clearly declared in the 47th Psalm with the verse: 5 God is gone up with a shout, the LORD with the sound of a trumpet. God has gone up! Up from the Earth, to heavens - may be back to Zion/Mars; His dwelling place, to His holy mountain - Olympus Mons - the tallest, the “Most High” mountain in our Solar System. The Jubilee Year The Jubilee Year of the Hebrew tradition is observed every 50 years. Jubilee means “ram”. The Jubilee year is announced by a blast on an instrument made from a ram’s horn during that year’s Yom Kippur, “the Day of Atonement” - the holiest day of the year for religious Jews.
  • 81 Leviticus 25: 8 And thou shalt number seven sabbaths of years unto thee, seven times seven years; and the space of the seven sabbaths of years shall be unto thee forty and nine years. 9 Then shalt thou cause the trumpet of the jubile to sound on the tenth day of the seventh month, in the day of atonement shall ye make the trumpet sound throughout all your land. 10 And ye shall hallow the fiftieth year, and proclaim liberty throughout all the land unto all the inhabitants thereof: it shall be a jubile unto you; and ye shall return every man unto his possession, and ye shall return every man unto his family. 11 A jubile shall that fiftieth year be unto you: ye shall not sow, neither reap that which groweth of itself in it, nor gather the grapes in it of thy vine undressed. 12 For it is the jubile; it shall be holy unto you: ye shall eat the increase thereof out of the field. 13 In the year of this jubile ye shall return every man unto his possession. 14 And if thou sell ought unto thy neighbour, or buyest ought of thy neighbour's hand, ye shall not oppress one another: 15 According to the number of years after the jubile thou shalt buy of thy neighbour, and according unto the number of years of the fruits he shall sell unto thee:
  • 82 16 According to the multitude of years thou shalt increase the price thereof, and according to the fewness of years thou shalt diminish the price of it: for according to the number of the years of the fruits doth he sell unto thee. 17 Ye shall not therefore oppress one another; but thou shalt fear thy God: for I am the LORD your God. * * * The Laws of the Jubilee Year The laws of the jubilee year were such as to enable each Jew to begin life again on an equal basis. Thus, all land sold since the previous jubilee had to revert to the original owner, this ultimately meaning the original families to whom the land had been assigned after Joshua's conquest of the land. All Jewish slaves, including those who had voluntarily accepted a continuation of their slavery after their term had expired, had to be released and given a grant to enable them to begin life anew. If applied perfectly, these provisions would insure that no individual amassed excessive wealth, nor would any Jew be reduced to perpetual poverty and servitude. All the agricultural laws of the sabbatical year, such as leaving the land fallow, were also in effect in the jubilee year. As the laws of the jubilee year depended on all the 12 tribes living in their own land, the Jews who returned to the Land of Israel after the Babylonian Exile no longer kept these laws. (Encyclopedia of Judaism) http://www.answers.com/topic/jubilee - Accessed December 11, 2009.
  • 83 Could the Lord be visiting the Earth every 50 years? Is that why the Jews observe a Jubilee year? If so, when would be the Lord’s next visit be due? Since the Lord’s first visit within the 20th century took place in 1946, and the Lord “is gone up with a shout” a year later in 1947, His next visit would have to be due 50 years later, in 1996. What does the 96th Psalm say about Lord’s 1996 visit to Earth? Or does it say anything at all? Psalms 96: 11 Let the heavens rejoice, and let the earth be glad; let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof. 12 Let the field be joyful, and all that is therein: then shall all the trees of the wood rejoice 13 Before the LORD: for he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth: he shall judge the world with righteousness, and the people with his truth. Yes, the Lord did visit the Earth again in 1996! “For he cometh, for he cometh to judge the earth” reads the 96th Psalm confirming Lord’s second visit to Earth within the 20th century, exactly 50 years after His first.
  • 84 Let’s study the 1945-1948 world events and see what the aftermath of Lord’s first visit of the 20th century might have been. United Nations, the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund were all founded on the last days of 1945. United Nations was officially founded on 24 October 1945, the World Bank and I.M.F. on 27 December 1945. In the same year, the Zionist World Congress approached the British government to discuss the founding of the country of Israel. For United States, the hostilities of World War II officially ended on December 31, 1946. The U.N. held its first meeting in London in 1946. In 1947, on November 29, the United Nations General Assembly voted to partition Palestine between Arab and Jewish regions, which resulted in the creation of the State of Israel. Israel declared independence on 14 May 1948. Finally, the U.N. adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948.
  • 85 Flag of the United Nations http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Flag_of_the_United_Nations.svg – Accessed December 11, 2009. * * * United Nations Following in the wake of the failed League of Nations (1919–1946), which the United States never joined, the United Nations was established in 1945 to maintain international peace and promote cooperation in solving international economic, social and humanitarian problems. The earliest concrete plan for a new world organization was begun under the aegis of the U.S. State Department in 1939. Franklin D. Roosevelt first coined the term 'United Nations' as a term to describe the Allied countries. The term was first officially used on January 1, 1942 when 26 governments signed the Atlantic Charter, pledging to continue the war effort.[3]
  • 86 On 25 April 1945, the UN Conference on International Organization began in San Francisco, attended by 50 governments and a number of non- governmental organizations involved in drafting the Charter of the United Nations. The UN officially came into existence on 24 October 1945 upon ratification of the Charter by the five permanent members of the Security Council—France, the Republic of China, the Soviet Union, the United Kingdom and the United States—and by a majority of the other 46 signatories. The first meetings of the General Assembly, with 51 nations represented, and the Security Council, took place in Westminster Central Hall in London in January 1946.[4] Since its creation, there has been controversy and criticism of the UN organization. In the United States, an early opponent of the UN was the John Birch Society, which began a "get US out of the UN" campaign in 1959, charging that the UN's aim was to establish a "One World Government." After the Second World War, the French Committee of National Liberation was late to be recognized by the US as the government of France, and so the country was initially excluded from the conferences that aimed at creating the new organization. Charles de Gaulle criticized the UN, famously calling it le machin ("the thingie"), and was not convinced that a global security alliance would help maintaining world peace, preferring direct defence treaties between countries.[5] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_nations - Accessed December 11, 2009. * * *
  • 87 World Bank logo http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/b/bd/World_Bank_Logo.s vg - Accessed December 11, 2009. * * * The World Bank Founded: 27 December 1945 The World Bank is one of two major institutions created as a result of the Bretton Woods Conference in 1944. The International Monetary Fund, a related but separate institution, is the second. Delegates from a wide variety of countries attended the Bretton Woods Conference, but the most powerful countries in attendance, the United States and United Kingdom, mainly shaped negotiations.[4]
  • 88 From its conception until 1967 the bank undertook a relatively low level of lending. Fiscal conservatism and careful screening of loan applications was generally accepted practice at the World Bank during this early period. Bank staff attempted to balance the priorities of providing loans for reconstruction and development with the need to instill confidence in the bank as a reliable institution suitable for investment.[5]Bank president John McCloy selected France to be the first recipient of World Bank aid; two other applications presented at this time from Poland and Chile were rejected. The loan was for $987 million, half the amount requested, and came with strict conditions. Staff from the World Bank monitored the end use of the funds, ensuring that the French government would present a balanced budget and give priority of debt repayment to the World Bank over other foreign governments. The United States State Department also acted at this time to inform the French Government that Communist elements within the Cabinet needed to be removed. The French Government complied with this request and removed the Communist elements from the 1947 coalition government. Within hours of this event the loan to France was approved.[6] The Marshall Plan of 1947 caused lending practices at the bank to be altered, as many European countries received aid that competed directly with World Bank loans. Emphasis was shifted to non-European countries and, up until 1968, loans were primarily earmarked for projects that would directly enable a borrower country to repay loans (such projects as ports, highway systems, and power plants). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Bank - Accessed December 11, 2009.
  • 89 International Monetary Fund http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:International_Monetary_Fund_logo.s vg - Accessed December 11, 2009. * * * The International Monetary Fund (IMF) Founded: 27 December 1945 The International Monetary Fund (IMF) is an international organization that oversees the global financial system by following the macroeconomic policies of its member countries, in particular those with an impact on exchange rates and the balance of payments.
  • 90 It is an organization formed with a stated objective of stabilizing international exchange rates and facilitating development.[3] It also offers highly leveraged loans mainly to poorer countries. Its headquarters are located in Washington, D.C., United States. The International Monetary Fund was formally created in July 1944 during the United Nations Monetary and Financial Conference. The representatives of 44 governments met in the Mount Washington Hotel in the area of Bretton Woods, New Hampshire, United States of America, with the delegates to the conference agreeing on a framework for international economic cooperation.[11] The IMF was formally organised on December 27, 1945, when the first 29 countries signed its Articles of Agreement. The statutory purposes of the IMF today are the same as when they were formulated in 1943 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/International_Monetary_Fund - Accessed December 11, 2009. * * *
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  • 92 1969 • Richard Nixon • Watergate Scandal • Woodstock Festival • First Man on the Moon • Zion/Mars Colonization
  • 93 Psalms 69: 1 <<To the chief Musician upon Shoshannim, A Psalm of David.>> Save me, O God; for the waters are come in unto my soul. 2 I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing: I am come into deep waters, where the floods overflow me. 3 I am weary of my crying: my throat is dried: mine eyes fail while I wait for my God. 4 They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head: they that would destroy me, being mine enemies wrongfully, are mighty: then I restored that which I took not away. 5 O God, thou knowest my foolishness; and my sins are not hid from thee. 6 Let not them that wait on thee, O Lord GOD of hosts, be ashamed for my sake: let not those that seek thee be confounded for my sake, O God of Israel. 7 Because for thy sake I have borne reproach; shame hath covered my face. 8 I am become a stranger unto my brethren, and an alien unto my mother's children. 9 For the zeal of thine house hath eaten me up; and the reproaches of them that reproached thee are fallen upon me.
  • 94 10 When I wept, and chastened my soul with fasting, that was to my reproach. 11 I made sackcloth also my garment; and I became a proverb to them. 12 They that sit in the gate speak against me; and I was the song of the drunkards. 13 But as for me, my prayer is unto thee, O LORD, in an acceptable time: O God, in the multitude of thy mercy hear me, in the truth of thy salvation. 14 Deliver me out of the mire, and let me not sink: let me be delivered from them that hate me, and out of the deep waters. 15 Let not the waterflood overflow me, neither let the deep swallow me up, and let not the pit shut her mouth upon me. 16 Hear me, O LORD; for thy lovingkindness is good: turn unto me according to the multitude of thy tender mercies. 17 And hide not thy face from thy servant; for I am in trouble: hear me speedily. 18 Draw nigh unto my soul, and redeem it: deliver me because of mine enemies. 19 Thou hast known my reproach, and my shame, and my dishonour: mine adversaries are all before thee.
  • 95 20 Reproach hath broken my heart; and I am full of heaviness: and I looked for some to take pity, but there was none; and for comforters, but I found none. 21 They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink. 22 Let their table become a snare before them: and that which should have been for their welfare, let it become a trap. 23 Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not; and make their loins continually to shake. 24 Pour out thine indignation upon them, and let thy wrathful anger take hold of them. 25 Let their habitation be desolate; and let none dwell in their tents. 26 For they persecute him whom thou hast smitten; and they talk to the grief of those whom thou hast wounded. 27 Add iniquity unto their iniquity: and let them not come into thy righteousness. 28 Let them be blotted out of the book of the living, and not be written with the righteous. 29 But I am poor and sorrowful: let thy salvation, O God, set me up on high. 30 I will praise the name of God with a song, and will magnify him with thanksgiving.
  • 96 31 This also shall please the LORD better than an ox or bullock that hath horns and hoofs. 32 The humble shall see this, and be glad: and your heart shall live that seek God. 33 For the LORD heareth the poor, and despiseth not his prisoners. 34 Let the heaven and earth praise him, the seas, and every thing that moveth therein. 35 For God will save Zion, and will build the cities of Judah: that they may dwell there, and have it in possession. 36 The seed also of his servants shall inherit it: and they that love his name shall dwell therein.
  • 97 Introduction In order to interpret the message of the 69th Psalm fully, we must picture the entire Psalm as a prayer of President Richard Nixon addressed directly to the Lord. Richard Nixon was the 37th President of the United States who served from 1969 to 1974. ”I will praise the name of God with a song” reads another verse in allusion to Nixon’s ability to play the piano and write songs. The 69th Psalm alludes to the future Watergate scandal with the key phrase “Let not the waterflood overflow me”, figuratively voiced by Nixon in an illustrative prayer.
  • 98 The legendary Woodstock rock festival was held the same year. The tension between President Richard Nixon and the anti-war, pro-peace “hippies” is also depicted in the verses with a Nixon’s curse of the crowd: “Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not; and make their loins continually to shake” – a clear description of the face and body of a rock music lover, a Woodstock attendee. 1969 was the year of lunar landing, the first man on the Moon. “I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing: I am come into deep waters” reads another verse in allusion to the lighter gravity of the Moon and the U.S. Apollo program that sent three men into the deep space, and put the first man on the Moon for the first time ever in the history of mankind.
  • 99 The final verses of the Psalm that reads: “For God will save Zion, and will build the cities of Judah: that they may dwell there, and have it in possession. The seed also of his servants shall inherit it: and they that love his name shall dwell therein” highlights Zion, the planet Mars and depicts how the U.S. (“and they that love his name”) will again fathom the task of colonizing it (“will build the cities of Judah”), much like the way the U.S. put the first man on the Moon in 1969.
  • 100 Richard Nixon [Key phrase: I will praise the name of God with a song] Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Richard_Nixon.jpg – Accessed December 15th, 2009. * * * The 69th Psalm spared for the events of the year 1969 is one long prayer figuratively voiced by the President of the year – Richard Nixon.
  • 101 The entire context of the Psalm describes the trouble that faced President Nixon in 1969 and in the years to come: the Vietnam War, his tension with the Woodstock community, his much-debated visit to China and the Watergate scandal that would finally lead to his resignation from the office. The key phrase “I will praise the name of God with a song” alludes to Nixon’s ability to play the piano and write songs. Not too many U.S. Presidents are known for their musical talents or their ability to write songs. But it is in the 69th Psalm that we run into the verse: “I will praise the name of God with a song” – 1969 was the first year of Richard Nixon’s presidency.
  • 102 Nixon playing the piano, Beverly Hills, California, 1962 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:NixonPiano,1962.jpg – Accessed December 15th, 2009. * * *
  • 103 Richard Milhous Nixon (January 9, 1913 – April 22, 1994) was the 37th President of the United States from 1969–1974 and was also the 36th Vice President of the United States (1953–1961). Nixon has been the only President to resign the office and also the only person to be elected twice in both the offices of the Presidency and Vice presidency. Nixon was born in Yorba Linda, California. After completing undergraduate work at Whittier College, he graduated from Duke University School of Law in 1937 and returned to California to practice law in La Habra. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, he joined the United States Navy, serving in the Pacific theater, and rose to the rank of Lieutenant Commander during World War II. He was elected in 1946 as a Republican to the House of Representatives representing California's 12th Congressional district, and in 1950 to the United States Senate. He was selected to be the running mate of Dwight D. Eisenhower, the Republican Party nominee, in the 1952 Presidential election, becoming one of the youngest Vice Presidents in history. He waged an unsuccessful presidential campaign in 1960, narrowly losing to John F. Kennedy, and an unsuccessful campaign for Governor of California in 1962; following these losses, Nixon announced his withdrawal from the political scene. In 1968, however, he ran again for president of the United States and was elected.
  • 104 The most immediate task facing President Nixon was a resolution of the Vietnam War. He initially escalated the conflict, overseeing incursions into neighboring countries, though American military personnel were gradually withdrawn and he successfully negotiated a ceasefire with North Vietnam in 1973, effectively ending American involvement in the war. His foreign policy initiatives were largely successful: his groundbreaking visit to the People's Republic of China in 1972 opened diplomatic relations between the two nations, and he initiated détente and the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty with the Soviet Union. On the domestic front, he implemented new economic policies which called for wage and price control and the abolition of the gold standard. He was reelected by a landslide in 1972. In his second term, the nation was afflicted with economic difficulties. In the face of likely impeachment for his role in the Watergate scandal,[1] Nixon resigned on August 9, 1974. He was later pardoned by his successor, Gerald Ford, for any federal crimes he may have committed while in office. In his retirement, Nixon became a prolific author and undertook many foreign trips. His work as an elder statesman helped to rehabilitate his public image. He suffered a debilitating stroke on April 18, 1994, and died four days later at the age of 81. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_nixon - Accessed December 15th, 2009. * * *
  • 105 Watergate Scandal [Key phrases: Let not the waterflood overflow me, They that sit in the gate speak against me] The Watergate complex, where the break-in occurred http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:WatergateFromAir.JPG – Accessed December 15th, 2009. * * *
  • 106 The Watergate scandal of 1972 is foretold in the verses of the 69th Psalm with the above key phrases. President Richard Nixon was accused of having a tape recording system that recorded several conversations at the Watergate office complex located in Washington D.C. The scandal was named after the office complex it occurred in; called “the gate” and “waterflood” in the verses. * * * The Watergate Scandal The Watergate scandal was a political scandal in the United States in the 1970s. Named for the Watergate office complex in Washington, D.C., effects of the scandal ultimately led to the resignation of Richard Nixon, President of the United States, on August 9, 1974. It also resulted in the indictment and conviction of several Nixon administration officials. The scandal began with the arrest of five men for breaking and entering into the Democratic National Committee headquarters at the Watergate complex on June 17, 1972. The subsequent investigation by the FBI connected the men to the 1972 Committee to Re- elect the President by a slush fund.[1]
  • 107 President Nixon's staff conspired to cover up the break-in.[2] As evidence mounted against the president's staff, which included former staff members testifying against them in an investigation conducted by the Senate Watergate Committee, it was revealed that President Nixon had a tape recording system in his offices and that he had recorded many conversations.[3][4] Recordings from these tapes implicated the president, revealing that he had attempted to cover up the break-in.[2][5] After a series of court battles, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that the president had to hand over the tapes; he ultimately complied. Facing near-certain impeachment in the House of Representatives and a strong possibility of a conviction in the Senate, Nixon resigned the office of the presidency on August 9, 1974.[6][7] His successor, Gerald Ford, would issue a pardon unto President Nixon. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Watergate - Accessed December 15th, 2009. * * *
  • 108 Woodstock Festival [Key phrases: They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head, Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not; and make their loins continually to shake, I was the song of the drunkards, Let their habitation be desolate; and let none dwell in their tents, I became a proverb to them] Woodstock Poster http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/archive/b/b7/20091009151745!Woo dstock_poster.jpg - Accessed December 15th, 2009. * * *
  • 109 “They that hate me without a cause are more than the hairs of mine head” alludes to the 300,000 Woodstock attendees (also called “hippies” by some). The word “hair” is not used without a reason in the verses. Hair was a 1968 Broadway musical that had a deep impact on the “hippie” line of thought and lifestyle during the late 60’s and 70’s. Hair Hair is a 1979 film adaptation of the 1968 Broadway musical of the same title about a Vietnam war draftee who meets and befriends a tribe of long-haired hippies on his way to the army induction center. The hippies introduce him to their environment of marijuana, LSD, and unorthodox relationships. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hair_%28film%29 – Accessed December 15th, 2009. * * * The Woodstock Festival was held 43 miles southwest of the town Woodstock, New York in 1969. 300,000 people attended the festival. Several popular rock, folk and blues bands of the day took the stage at Woodstock during the “3 days of peace and music” event.
  • 110 The hidden tension between the “hippie”, “pro-peace”, anti-war Woodstock crowd and President Nixon is highlighted in the Psalm with the verses: “I was the song of the drunkards”, “Let their habitation be desolate; and let none dwell in their tents”, “Let their eyes be darkened, that they see not; and make their loins continually to shake” – a clear description of the lifestyle, face and body of a rock music lover or a Woodstock attendee. Woodstock Festival Although the festival was remarkably peaceful given the number of people and the conditions involved, there were two recorded fatalities: one from what was believed to be a heroin overdose and another caused in an accident when a tractor ran over an attendee sleeping in a nearby hayfield. Yet, in tune with the idealistic hopes of the 1960s, Woodstock satisfied most attendees. There was a sense of social harmony, the quality of music, and the overwhelming mass of people, many sporting bohemian dress, behavior, and attitudes.[22]
  • 111 After the concert, Max Yasgur, who owned the site of the event, saw it as a victory of peace and love. He spoke of how nearly half a million people filled with possibilities of disaster, riot, looting, and catastrophe spent the three days with music and peace on their minds. He states that "if we join them, we can turn those adversities that are the problems of America today into a hope for a brighter and more peaceful future..."[4] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Woodstock_Festival#The_festival - Accessed December 15th, 2009. * * * The verse “I became a proverb to them” alludes to the historical phrase “Nixon goes to China” that emerged in the late 1970’s, which meant, “it took Nixon to go to China”, several years after Nixon’s visit to China.
  • 112 Nixon Goes to China The phrase "Nixon goes to China" or "Nixon in China" [1] is a historical reference to United States President Richard Nixon's visit to the People's Republic of China in 1972, where he met with Chairman Mao Zedong. As a political metaphor, it refers to the enhanced legitimacy that hardline leaders possess in making peace with opposing countries or political movements, or reforming aspects of the political system they have been strong supporters of. A more explicit variant with the same metaphor is "Only Nixon could go to China" or "It took Nixon to go to China" Nixon's China visit was of particular significance because it marked the beginning of a process of normalization in Sino-American relations — the two countries had been estranged for many years as the U.S. was ardently anti-Communist and China had viewed the United States as its top enemy. Because Nixon had an undisputed reputation of being a staunch anti-Communist, he was largely immune to any criticism of being "soft on Communism" by figures on the right of American politics. The phrase "Nixon going to China" is thus an analogy that refers to the unique ability that hardline politicians have to challenge political taboos and third-rail issues.
  • 113 The phrase emerged by the late 1970s, several years after Nixon's visit to China. An early example of use of the phrase was its use by Democratic congressmen Tom Foley in 1977, who stated, "It took a Nixon to go to China, and it may take a Democrat to balance the budget."[2][3] Its best known use, however, came in 1991 in the film Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country, where "Only Nixon could go to China" is quoted by Spock as an "an ancient Vulcan proverb". In the context of the film, it is stated as a reason why James T. Kirk should escort the the Klingon chancellor to Earth for peace negotiations. The phrase has been widely quoted since then. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nixon_in_China_%28phrase%29 – Accessed December 15th, 2009. * * *
  • 114 First Man on the Moon [Key phrases: I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing, I am come into deep waters, I am become a stranger unto my brethren, and an alien unto my mother's children, hear me speedily] First step on the Moon http://www.flickr.com/photos/campus777/3766003541/in/photostream/ - Accessed December 15th, 2009. * * *
  • 115 The verse: “I am come into deep waters” alludes to the U.S. Apollo space program that took three U.S. astronauts into the deep space and up on the Moon. “I sink in deep mire, where there is no standing” reads another verse in allusion to the lighter gravity of the Moon. “I am become a stranger unto my brethren, and an alien unto my mother’s children” reads the Psalm, reporting from the viewpoint of Neil Alden Armstrong, the first man “alien” to set foot on the Moon. “Hear me speedily” reads another verse in allusion to the telephone call Nixon placed to Armstrong on the Moon, the longest distance phone call ever and called it “the most historic phone call ever made from the White House”.
  • 116 Zion/Mars Colonization [Key phrases: For God will save Zion, and will build the cities of Judah, they that love his name shall dwell therein] Nixon visits the Apollo 11 astronauts in quarantine http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Apollo_11_crew_in_quarantine.jpg – Accessed December 15th, 2009. * * *
  • 117 The final verses: “For God will save Zion, and will build the cities of Judah: that they may dwell there, and have it in possession. The seed also of his servants shall inherit it: and they that love his name shall dwell therein” highlight Zion, the planet Mars and how the U.S. (“and they that love his name”) will again fathom the task of colonizing it (“will build the cities of Judah”), the same way the U.S., the only nation in the world with the national motto: “In God We Trust”, succeeded in putting the first man on the Moon. On January 5, 1972, Nixon approved the development of NASA's Space Shuttle program,[107] a decision that profoundly influenced American efforts to explore and develop space for several decades thereafter. Under the Nixon administration, however, NASA's budget declined.[108] NASA Administrator Thomas O. Paine was drawing up ambitious plans for the establishment of a permanent base on the Moon by the end of the 1970s and the launch of a manned expedition to Mars as early as 1981. Nixon, however, rejected this proposal.[109] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Richard_nixon - Accessed December 15th, 2009. * * *
  • 118 1982 • Syzygy • The Jupiter Effect • The Death of a Prince
  • 119 Psalms 82: 1 <<A Psalm of Asaph.>> God standeth in the congregation of the mighty; he judgeth among the gods. 2 How long will ye judge unjustly, and accept the persons of the wicked? Selah. 3 Defend the poor and fatherless: do justice to the afflicted and needy. 4 Deliver the poor and needy: rid them out of the hand of the wicked. 5 They know not, neither will they understand; they walk on in darkness: all the foundations of the earth are out of course. 6 I have said, Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High. 7 But ye shall die like men, and fall like one of the princes. 8 Arise, O God, judge the earth: for thou shalt inherit all nations.
  • 120 Introduction To interpret the 82nd Psalm, one needs to look above - to the heavens. A rare event took place up in space in 1982, called a “syzygy”, which, according to the 1974’s best- selling book “Jupiter Effect” was expected to trigger several catastrophes on Earth within the same year. The entire Psalm hints us the importance and the effect of planetary motions on human lives. Three layers cover the verses provided in Psalms. On the first layer, the verses are just prayers, praises to the Lord. On the second layer, the same verses serve as an almanac of events bound to happen on Earth year by year. The third and the final layer unfolds the galactic events that await on God’s Calendar. The verses also warn about the death of a prince in 1982 with the line “… fall like one of the princes”. The King and the former Crown Prince of Saudi Arabia died on June 13, 1982.
  • 121 Syzygy [Key phrase: Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High] Syzygy http://www.misric.org/backgrounds/espace/Syzygy.jpg - Accessed May 30, 2009. * * * Who is the audience God addresses in this Psalm? We know that the audience is at a meeting with the Lord in the “congregation” (assembly).
  • 122 The meeting is held for God is to judge and analyze the performance of the audience. “Ye are gods; and all of you are children of the most High” reads the verse, hinting that the meeting is held among God and the children of God. Yet, a verse later we are given another clue: “But ye shall die like men and fall like one of the princes.” If the audience is the children of the Most High, how could they die like men? The answer is simple: the audience is neither men, nor the children of God, but planets! Planets that “walk on in darkness”. Planets that “know not, neither understand”, and “shall die like men, and fall…” – exactly as the verses define! The year is 1982 - when all the planets gathered on the same side of the Sun forming a syzygy – a “congregation”. The verses illustrate The Lord as the Sun, and the planets as “the children of the most High”.
  • 123 Syzygy In broadest terms, syzygy (pronounced / sɪzɨdʒi/) is a kind of unity, especially through coordination or alignment, most commonly used in the astronomical and/or astrological sense.[1] Syzygy is derived from the Late Latin syzygia, "conjunction," from the Greek σύζυγος (syzygos). In astronomy, a syzygy is the alignment of three or more celestial bodies in the same gravitational system along a straight line. The word is usually used in context with the Sun, Earth, and the Moon or a planet, where the latter is in conjunction or opposition. Solar and lunar eclipses occur at times of syzygy, as do transits and occultations. The term is also applied to each instance of new moon or full moon when Sun and Moon are in conjunction or opposition, even though they are not precisely on one line with the Earth. The word 'syzygy' is often loosely used to describe interesting configurations of planets in general. For example, one such case occurred on March 21, 1894 at around 23:00 GMT, when Mercury transited the Sun as seen from Venus, and Mercury and Venus both simultaneously transited the Sun as seen from Saturn. It is also used to describe situations when all the planets are on the same side of the Sun although they are not necessarily found along a straight line, such as on March 10, 1982. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Syzygy - Accessed May 30, 2009. * * *
  • 124 The Jupiter Effect [Key phrase: the foundations of the earth are out of course]
  • 125 The Jupiter Effect, a bestselling book of 1974, pre- warned that the expected syzygy of 1982 could trigger several catastrophes on Earth. The scientists were skeptical about the idea and found it to be an exaggerated and a pessimistic view regarding the aftermath of the 1982 syzygy. The Bible, however, warns that the cons are wrong for “the foundations of the earth are out of course”! No major catastrophes took place in 1982, but later in late 90’s, we all know that earthquakes, tsunamis and tornados of almost all scales did hit the Earth one after the other and caused hundreds of thousands of casualties on Earth. The Jupiter Effect The Jupiter Effect is a bestselling 1974 book by John Gribbin and Stephen Plagemann, which predicted that an alignment of the planets would create a number of catastrophes, including a great earthquake on the San Andreas Fault, on March 10, 1982. The predicted catastrophes did not occur.
  • 126 Astronomers had long been aware that there would be an alignment of the planets on that date, when Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Pluto and Saturn would be on the same side of the Sun, within a 95 degree wide interval. But no effect could be expected as the gravitational effect of the other planets on the Earth's crust is minimal even at their closest approach. The book sought to partially sidestep these objections by considering the effect of the alignment on the Sun, and hence on the solar wind, which in turn is known to affect weather on Earth. Atmospheric conditions on Earth can alter the speed of its rotation. The effect on the Sun would also be quite small, however, and in fact there had been an even closer alignment in the year 1128 without incident. There was some influence by the planets, with high tide calculated at 0.04 millimeters higher than normal. In April 1982, Gribbin and Plagemann published a lesser-selling book, The Jupiter Effect Revisited, theorizing that the effect had actually taken place in 1980, despite a lack of alignment, and had triggered the eruption of Mount St. Helens. In his 1999 book "The Little Book of Science," Dr. Gribbin said of his theory "...I don't like it, and I'm sorry I ever had anything to do with it." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jupiter_Effect - Accessed May 30, 2009. * * *
  • 127 The Jupiter Effect by Larry Gedney The Geophysical Institute has been receiving inquiries about dire events, including earthquakes, that are supposed to plague the earth in 1982 because of something to do with alignment of the planets. This leads us again to comment on the "Jupiter Effect," a name taken from the book published in 1974 by astronomers John Gribbin and Stephen Plagemann. While the book was undoubtedly a financial success, it has caused much needless concern and has proven to be a scientific flop. Briefly, the authors proposed the following bizarre chain of events: When the planets are aligned on one side of the sun, the tidal forces create sunspots which create solar flares which create streams of solar particles which enter the earth's upper atmosphere which changes the weather which slows the rate of the earth's rotation which triggers earthquakes. Got it? Among other unpleasant happenings would be the modification of rainfall and temperature patterns and the disruption of radio communications. Of course, the increased solar activity would also produce spectacular auroras. To begin with, the basic concept (as depicted on the book's cover) is that in 1982 all the planets will be lined up like a row of soldiers on parade, and this just isn't so. In fact, the smallest angular separation of the four major planets--Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune--will be greater than 60°!
  • 128 There are many other weaknesses to the "theory." Two are that the tiny tidal bulge created on the sun will be several million times smaller than that raised on the earth by the moon, and there are no proven connections between solar activity and the earth's rate of spin. Further, a check of the Geophysical Institute's records on solar activity for early 1982 reveals no anomalous behavior aside from occasional "storms" which are to be expected. None of this, however, should be taken to mean that Alaska will not experience earthquakes in 1982. It will, because it does in any given year at the rate of a couple dozen a day, most of which are too small to feel. The chances that large earthquakes anyplace in the world during 1982 can be attributed to triggering by the "Jupiter Effect" are, for all practical purposes, nil. Most scientists have never taken the proposal seriously anyway. Famed seismologist Charles Richter of CalTech, for instance, was led to observe in 1974 that it was "pure astrology in disguise." "In fact," he said, "it is very close to pure fantasy." John Gribbin closes the episode in the July 17, 1980 issue of New Scientist where he retracts his theory, claiming that he was "too clever by half." (By this he explains he means that if he had jiggled the figures a little differently, he could have predicted the Mt. St. Helens eruption.) It is as one of the book's chief critics astronomer Jean Meeus tersely commented in 1975, "The Jupiter Effect does not exist." http://www.gi.alaska.edu/ScienceForum/ASF5/526.html - Accessed May 30, 2009. * * *
  • 129 The Death of a Prince [Key phrase: fall like one of the princes] Thousands of years before the arrival of year 1982, the Bible informed about the death of a prince in 1982! Khalid bin Abdul Aziz, King of Saudi Arabia died on June 13, 1982. He was a king, not a prince when he died. However, he had actually given effective control of the country to his half-brother, Crown Prince Fahd. During the official reign of Khalid bin Abdul-Aziz, the Crown Prince Fahd served as the actual king, and King Khalid bin Abdul Aziz, the formal king, as the informal Crown Prince. The two half-brothers had unofficially switched titles.
  • 130 Khalid bin Abdul Aziz, King of Saudi Arabia (Arabic: ‫دلاخ‬ ‫نب‬ ‫دبع‬ ‫زيزعلا‬ ‫لآ‬ ‫دوعس‬ b. 1912–June 13, 1982) was King of Saudi Arabia from the assassination of King Faisal in 1975 until his own death in 1982. Khalid was named Crown Prince in 1965, after his older brother (and only full brother) Muhammad bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud declined a place in the succession. He was not very interested in politics and gave effective control of the country to his half-brother, Crown Prince Fahd. Khalid's preparation for ruling a modern state included his accompanying Faisal on foreign missions and representing Saudi Arabia at the United Nations. He was more liberal in terms of informing the press of the rationale behind foreign policy decisions. Khalid bin Abdul Aziz http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/King_Khalid_of_Saudi_Arabia - Accessed May 30, 2009. * * *
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  • 132 1987 • The Mars Declaration
  • 133 Psalms 87: 1 <<A Psalm or Song for the sons of Korah.>> His foundation is in the holy mountains. 2 The LORD loveth the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob. 3 Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God. Selah. 4 I will make mention of Rahab and Babylon to them that know me: behold Philistia, and Tyre, with Ethiopia; this man was born there. 5 And of Zion it shall be said, This and that man was born in her: and the highest himself shall establish her. 6 The LORD shall count, when he writeth up the people, that this man was born there. Selah. 7 As well the singers as the players on instruments shall be there: all my springs are in thee.
  • 134 Introduction The biblical “Zion” is synonymous with planet Mars. When “Zion” is mentioned within a Psalm, we can almost 100% be sure that an event concerning Mars is due within the corresponding year of the verse. 1987 is one of them. “The Lord loveth the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob” reads the verse in allusion to Mount Olympus, the highest (“Most High”) mountain in the Solar System located in the Eastern Tharsis region of the planet along with three other volcanoes of lesser height - Ascraeus Mons, Pavonis Mons, and Arsia Mons. In 1987, The Planetary Society published “The Mars Declaration”, a full-page ad in the Washington Post, calling the people and the “spacefaring nations” of the world to participate in promoting further Mars exploration and a manned-mission to Mars; hinted in the Psalm with verse “Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God”.
  • 135 The verses foretell how, in the future, those who will be born on Mars shall be considered special in the eyes of the Lord, and by those born on Earth. Finally, the verse “the highest himself shall establish her” hints us how the Lord Himself will personally “establish” Mars. Psalms 102:16: When the LORD shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory.
  • 136 The Mars Declaration [Key phrases: The LORD loveth the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob, Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God.] This mosaic of Mars is a compilation of images captured by the Viking Orbiter 1 http://xpda.com/mars/viking/PIA04304.jpg - Accessed October 10, 2009. * * *
  • 137 As we have studied in year 1924, the Lord dwells in the holy mountains. The first verse of the 87th Psalm reads “His foundation is in the holy mountains”. “Glorious things are spoken of thee, o city of God” goes on the Psalm concerning to-be-built cities “Moab” and “Edom” right on Mars. As our year 2008 study will further exhibit, two “albedos” [plains] named “Moab” and “Edom”, named in 1958, have existed on Mars maps for decades now. Following the highly successful Viking 1 and Viking 2 Mars exploration programs of NASA, launched on August 20, 1975, shut-down on May 21, 1983, the mankind now had a valuable database of information about Mars collected with the Viking orbiters and landers.
  • 138 NASA’s Viking Program NASA's Viking program consisted of a pair of space probes sent to Mars, Viking 1 and Viking 2. Each vehicle was composed of two main parts, an orbiter designed to photograph the surface of Mars from orbit, and a lander designed to study the planet from the surface. The orbiters also served as communication relays for the landers once they touched down. It was the most expensive and ambitious mission ever sent to Mars. It was highly successful and formed most of the database of information about Mars until the late 1990s and early 2000s. The Viking program grew from NASA's earlier, and more ambitious Voyager Mars program, which was not related to the successful Voyager deep space probes of the late 1970s. Viking 1 was launched on August 20, 1975, and the second craft, Viking 2, was launched on September 9, 1975, both riding atop Titan III-E rockets with Centaur upper stages. Each spacecraft consisted of an orbiter and a lander. After orbiting Mars and returning images used for landing site selection, the orbiter and lander detached and the lander entered the Martian atmosphere and soft- landed at the selected site. The orbiters continued imaging and performing other scientific operations from orbit while the landers deployed instruments on the surface. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Viking_program - Accessed October 10, 2009. * * *
  • 139 NASA’s Project Viking Patch http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/4/40/Patch-Viking.jpg - Accessed October 10, 2009. * * * The success of NASA’s Viking Mars exploration program brought Mars up on headlines across the globe. All of a sudden, people started talking about Mars [named after the Roman God of War, also known as the “Red Planet”] studying its features, forming societies and issuing declarations after its name.
  • 140 To stop the United States from “pulling back from the new frontier of space”, The Planetary Society, a public, non-profit organization was founded by Bruce Murray, Carl Sagan, and Louis Friedman in 1980. The rest was history. In their own words: The Planetary Society In 1980, the United States, which had so boldly sent human emissaries to walk on the Moon, was on the verge of pulling back from the new frontier of space. NASA and the U.S. political leadership were content to limit space missions to operations as a “trucking company” to and from low Earth orbit. Planetary exploration, so enthusiastically begun in the wake of SPUTNIK and EXPLORER, was to be eliminated from NASA’s charge, even as VOYAGER was in the midst of its triumphant mission to the outer planets. We were sitting there watching the coffin being nailed shut, and what was inside was imagination and vision. With Carl Sagan, we determined to change that. We believed that many members of the public—inside the United States and outside— passionately wanted the great adventure of space to continue. The trick would be to convince the politicians that this was true. We chose to do this by forming a grass-roots organization for those who cared about space exploration, so together we formed The Planetary Society. http://www.planetary.org/about/founders/ - Accessed October 10, 2009.
  • 141 The Mars Declaration In 1981, Senator William Proxmire targeted NASA’s SETI program for elimination. With his considerable persuasive powers, [Planetary] Society President Carl Sagan, convinced Proxmire to spare the government program. In 1987, The Planetary Society published the Mars Declaration in the Washington Post, calling on the spacefaring nations to join together to send humans to explore the Red Planet. Through a series of public demonstrations and technical partnerships, we promoted robotic rovers as planetary explorers. In 1997, Mars Pathfinder carried the rover Sojourner to the planet’s surface, and the age of rover exploration began. http://www.planetary.org/about/history.html - Accessed October 10, 2009. * * *
  • 142 THE MARS DECLARATION The Planetary Society More than 130,000 people have signed the following document to show their commitment for human exploration of the planets. Mars is the world next door, the nearest planet on which human explorers could safely land. Although il is sometimes as warm as a New England October, Mars is a chilly place, so cold that some of its thin carbon dioxide atmosphere freezes out at the winter pole. There are pink skies, fields of boulders, sand dunes, vast extinct volcanoes that dwarf anything on Earth, a great canyon that would cross most of the United States, sandstorms that sometimes reach half the speed of sound, strange bright and dark mountains shaped like pyramids and many other mysteries. Mars is a storehouse of scientific information — important in its own right but also for the light it may cast on the origins of life and on safeguarding the environment of the Earth. If Mars once had abundant liquid water, what happened to it? How did a once Earthlike world become so parched, frigid and comparatively airless? Is there something important on Mars that we need to know about our own fragile world? The prospect of human exploration of Mars is ecumenical—remarkable for the diversity of supporting opinion it embraces. It is being advocated on many grounds.
  • 143 • As a potential scientific bonanza— for example, on climatic change, on the search for present or past life, on the understanding of enigmatic Martian landforms, and on the application of new knowledge to understanding our own planet. • As a means, through robotic pre-cursor and support missions to Mars, of reviving a stagnant US.planetary program. • As providing a coherent focus and sense of purpose to a dispirited NASA for many future research and development activities on an appropriate timescale and with affordable costs. • As giving a crisp and unambiguous purpose to the U.S. space station—needed for in-orbit assembly of the interplanetary transfer vehicle or vehicles, and for study of long-duration life support for space travelers. • As the next great human adventure, able to excite and inspire people of all ages the world over. • As an aperture to enhanced national prestige and technological development. • As a realistic and possibly unique opportunity for the U.S. and the USSR to work together in the spotlight of world public opinion, and with other nations, on behalf of the human species. • As a model and stimulant for mutually advantageous U.S./Soviet cooperation here on Earth.
  • 144 • As a means of reconversion of the aerospace industry if and when massive reductions in strategic weapons—long promised by the United States and the Soviet Union—are implemented. • As a worthy application of the traditional military virtues of organization and valor to great expeditions of discovery. • As a step toward the long-term objective of establishing humanity as a multi-planet species. • Or simply as the obvious response to a deeply felt perception of future calling. Advances in technology now make feasible a systematic process of exploration and discovery on the planet Mars—beginning with robot roving vehicles and sample return missions and culminating in the first footfall of human beings on another planet. The cost would be no greater than that of a single major strategic weapons system, and if shared among two or more nations, the cost to each nation would be still less. No major additional technological advances seem to be required, and the step from today to the first landing of humans on Mars appears to be technologically easier than the step from President John F. Kennedy's announcement of the Apollo program on May 25, 1961, to the first landing of humans on the Moon on July 20,1969.
  • 145 We represent a wide diversity of backgrounds in the fields of sciences, technology, religion, the arts, politics and government. Few of us adhere to every one of the arguments listed above, but we share a common vision of Mars as a historic, constructive objective for the technological ambitions of the human species over the next few decades. We endorse the goal of human exploration of Mars and urge that initial steps toward its implementation be taken throughout the world. Yes, I support the Mars Declaration and am happy to have my name associated with it. If you are interested, xerox this page, sign here and send it to: The Planetary Society, 65 North Catalina Ave., Pasadena, CA 91106. USA http://209.85.129.132/search?q=cache:cH0pjpyh6acJ:www.ijfm.org/PDF s_IJFM/07_1_PDFs/7_1%2520Plans.pdf+the+mars+declaration&cd=6&h l=tr&ct=clnk&gl=tr - Accessed October 10, 2009. * * *
  • 146 A Chronology of Mars Exploration • Mars 1960A - USSR Mars Probe - (October 10, 1960) * Failed to reach Earth orbit. • Mars 1960B - USSR Mars Probe - (October 14, 1960) * Failed to reach Earth orbit. • Mars 1962A - USSR Mars Flyby - (October 24, 1962) * Spacecraft failed to leave Earth orbit after the final rocketstage exploded. • Mars 1 - USSR Mars Flyby - 893 kg - (November 1, 1962) * Communications failed en route. • Mars 1962B - USSR Mars lander - (November 4, 1962) * Failed to leave Earth orbit. • Mariner 3 - USA Mars Flyby - 260 kg - (November 5, 1964) * Mars flyby attempt. Solar panels did not open, preventing flyby. Mariner 3 is now in a solar orbit.
  • 147 • Mariner 4 - USA Mars Flyby - 260 kg - (November 28, 1964- December 20, 1967) * Mariner 4 arrived at Mars on July 14, 1965 and passed within 6,118 miles of the planet's surface after an eight month journey. This mission provided the first close-up images of the red planet. It returned 22 close-up photos showing a cratered surface. The thin atmosphere was confirmed to be composed of carbon dioxide in the range of 5-10 mbar. A small intrinsic magnetic field was detected. Mariner 4 is now in a solar orbit. • Zond 2 - USSR Mars Flyby - (November 30, 1964) * Contact was lost en route. • Mariner 6 - USA Mars Flyby - 412 kg - (February 24, 1969) * Mariner 6 arrived at Mars on February 24, 1969, and passed within 3,437 kilometers of the planet's equatorial region. Mariner 6 and 7 took measurements of the surface and atmospheric temperature, surface molecular composition, and pressure of the atmosphere. In addition, over 200 pictures were taken. Mariner 6 is now in a solar orbit. • Mariner 7 - USA Mars Flyby - 412 kg - (March 27, 1969) * Mariner 7 arrived at Mars on August 5, 1969, and passed within 3,551 kilometers of the planet's south pole region.
  • 148 Mariner 6 and 7 took measurements of the surface and atmospheric temperature, surface molecular composition, and pressure of the atmosphere. In addition, over 200 pictures were taken. Mariner 7 is now in a solar orbit. • Mars 1969A USSR * Launch Failure • Mars 1969B USSR * Launch Failure • Mariner 8 - USA Mars Flyby - (May 8, 1971) * Failed to reach Earth orbit. • Kosmos 419 - USSR Mars Probe - (May 10, 1971) * Failed to leave Earth orbit. • Mars 2 - USSR Mars Orbiter/Soft Lander - 4,650 kg - (May 19, 1971) * The Mars 2 lander was released from the orbiter on November 27, 1971. It crashed-landed because its braking rockets failed- no data was returned and the first human artifact was created on Mars. The orbiter returned data until 1972.
  • 149 • Mars 3 - USSR Mars Orbiter/Soft Lander - 4,643 kg - (May 28, 1971) * Mars 3 arrived at Mars on December 2, 1971. The lander was released and became the first successful landing on Mars. It failed after relaying 20 seconds of video data to the orbiter. The Mars 3 orbiter returned data until August, 1972. It made measurementsof surface temperature and atmospheric composition. • Mariner 9 - USA Mars Orbiter - 974 kg - (May 30, 1971 -1972) * Mariner 9 arrived at Mars on November 3, 1971 and was placed into orbit on November 24. This was the first US spacecraft to enter an orbit around a planet other than Earth. At the time of its arrival a huge dust storm was in progress on the planet. Many of the scientific experiments were delayed until the storm had subsided. The first hi-resolution images of the moons Phobos and Deimos were taken. River and channel like features were discovered. Mariner 9 is still in Martian orbit. • Mars 4 - USSR Mars Orbiter - 4,650 kg - (July 21, 1973) * Mars 4 arrived at Mars on February, 1974, but failed to go into orbit due to a malfunction of its breaking engine. It flew past the planet within 2,200 kilometers of the surface. It returned some images and data.
  • 150 • Mars 5 - USSR Mars Orbiter - 4,650 kg - (July 25, 1973) * Mars 5 entered into orbit around Mars on February 12, 1974. It acquired imaging data for the Mars 6 and 7 missions. • Mars 6 - USSR Mars Orbiter/Soft Lander - 4,650 kg - (August 5, 1973) * On March 12, 1974, Mars 6 entered into orbit and launched its lander. The lander returned atmospheric descent data, but failed on its way down. • Mars 7 - USSR Mars Orbiter/Soft Lander - 4,650 kg - (August 9, 1973) * On March 6, 1974, Mars 7 failed to go into orbit about Mars and the lander missed the planet. Carrier and lander are now in a solar orbit. • Viking 1 - USA Mars Orbiter/Lander - 3,399 kg - (August 20, 1975 - August 7, 1980) • Viking 2 - USA Mars Orbiter/Lander - 3,399 kg - (September 9, 1975 - July 25, 1978) Viking 1 and 2 were designed after the Mariner spacecraft. They consisted of an orbiter and lander. The orbiter weighed 900kg and the lander 600 kg. Viking 1 was launched from the Kennedy Space Center, on August 20, 1975, the trip to Mars and went into orbit about the planet on June 19, 1976.
  • 151 The lander touched down on July 20, 1976 on the western slopes of Chryse Planitia (Golden Plains). Viking 2 was launched for Mars on November 9, 1975, and landed on September 3, 1976. Both landers had experiments to search for Martian micro- organisms. The results of these experiments are still being debated. The landers provided detailed color panoramic views of the Martian terrain. They also monitored the Martian weather. The orbiters mapped the planet's surface, acquiring over 52,000 images. The Viking project's primary mission ended on November 15, 1976, eleven days before Mars' superior conjunction (its passage behind the Sun), although the Viking spacecraft continued to operate for six years after first reaching Mars. The Viking 1 orbiter was deactivated on August 7, 1980, when it ran out of altitude-control propellant. Viking 1 lander was accidentally shut down on November 13, 1982, and communication was never regained. Its last transmission reached Earth on November 11, 1982. Controllers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory tried unsuccessfully for another six and one-half months to regain contact with the lander, but finally closed down the overall mission on 21 May 1983. • Phobos 1 - USSR Mars Orbiter/Lander - 5,000 kg - (July 7, 1988) * Phobos 1 was sent to investigate the Martian moon Phobos. It was lost en route to Mars through a command error on September 2, 1988.
  • 152 • Phobos 2 - USSR Phobos Flyby/Lander - 5,000 kg - (July 12, 1988) * Phobos 2 arrived at Mars and was inserted into orbit on January 30, 1989. The orbiter moved within 800 kilometers of Phobos and then failed. The lander never made it to Phobos. • Mars Observer - USA Mars Orbiter (September 25, 1992) * Communication was lost with Mars Observer on August 21, 1993, just before it was to be inserted into orbit. • Mars Global Surveyor - USA Mars Orbiter (November 7, 1996) * Initiated due to the loss of the Mars Observer spacecraft, the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) mission launched on November 7, 1996. MGS has been in a Martian orbit, successfully mapping the surface since March 1998. • Mars 96 - Russia Orbiter & Lander - (November 16, 1996) * Mars '96 consisted of an orbiter, two landers, and two soil penetrators that were to reach the planet in September 1997. The rocket carring Mars 96 lifted off successfully, but as it entered orbit the rocket's fourth stage ignited prematurely and sent the probe into a wild tumble. It crashed into the ocean somewhere between the Chilean coast and Easter Island. The spacecraft sank, carrying with it 270 grams of plutonium-238.
  • 153 • Mars Pathfinder - USA Lander & Surface Rover - (December 1996) * The Mars Pathfinder delivered a stationary lander and a surface rover to the Red Planet on July 4, 1997. The six-wheel rover, named Sojourner, explored the area near the lander. The mission's primary objective was to demonstrate the feasibility of low-cost landings on the martian surface. This was the second mission in NASA's low-cost Discovery series. After great scientific success and public interest, the mission formally ended on November 4, 1997, when NASA ended daily communications with the Pathfinder lander and Sojourner rover. Click here to go to the official Mars Pathfinder page at JPL. • Nozomi - Japan Mars Orbiter (July 3, 1998) (Planet B) * Japan's Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (ISAS) launched this probe on July 4, 1998 to study the Martian environment. This would have been the first Japanese spacecraft to reach another planet. The probe was due to arrive at Mars in December of 2003. After revising the flight plan due to earlier problems with the probe, the mission was abandoned on December 9, 2003 when ISAS was unable to communicate with the probe in order to prepare it for orbital insertion.
  • 154 • Mars Climate Orbiter - USA Orbiter - (December 11, 1998) (Mars Surveyor '98 Orbiter) * This orbiter was the companion spacecraft to the Mars Surveyor '98 Lander, but the mission failed. You may read the Mars Climate Orbiter Mishap Investigation Board's report or see an overview of the mission. • Mars Polar Lander - USA Lander - (January 3, 1999) (Mars Surveyor '98 Lander) * The Polar Lander was scheduled to land on Mars on December 3, 1999. Ground crews were unable to contact the spacecraft, and it was declared a loss. NASA concluded that spurious signals during the lander leg deployment caused the spacecraft to think it had landed, resulting in premature shutdown of the spacecraft's engines and destruction of the lander on impact. • 2001 Mars Odyssey - USA Mars Orbiter and Lander/Rover- (April 7, 2001) (Mars Surveyor 2001 Orbiter) * This Mars orbiter reached the planet on October 24, 2001. This satellite will conduct mineral research and serve as a communications relay for future Mars missions. It is expected to serve in this capacity for the next five years.
  • 155 • Mars Express - European Space Agency Mars Orbiter and Lander - (June 2003) * The Mars Express Orbiter and the Beagle 2 lander were launched together on June 2, 2003. The Beagle 2 was released from the Mars Express Orbiter on December 19, 2003. The Mars Express arrived successfully on December 25, 2003. The Beagle 2 was also scheduled to land on December 25, 2003; however, ground controllers have been unable to communicate with the probe. • Mars Exploration Rover (MER) Mission - USA Mars Rovers - (June/ July 2003) * These Mars rovers were launched in 2003. "Spirit", also known as MER-A, was launched on June 10, 2003 and successfully arrived on Mars on January 3, 2004. "Opportunity", also known as MER-B, was launched on July 7, 2003 and successfully arrived on Mars on January 24, 2004.. • Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (August 2005) * The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) was launched on August 12, 2005 for a seven month voyage to Mars. MRO will reach Mars in March 2006 and begin its scientific mission in November 2006. • Future Mars Missions - USA - (2005 and beyond) … http://history.nasa.gov/marschro.htm - Accessed October 10, 2009. * * *
  • 156 1991 • George H. W. Bush • The Gulf War
  • 157 Psalms 91: 1 He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty. 2 I will say of the LORD, He is my refuge and my fortress: my God; in him will I trust. 3 Surely he shall deliver thee from the snare of the fowler, and from the noisome pestilence. 4 He shall cover thee with his feathers, and under his wings shalt thou trust: his truth shall be thy shield and buckler. 5 Thou shalt not be afraid for the terror by night; nor for the arrow that flieth by day; 6 Nor for the pestilence that walketh in darkness; nor for the destruction that wasteth at noonday. 7 A thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right hand; but it shall not come nigh thee. 8 Only with thine eyes shalt thou behold and see the reward of the wicked. 9 Because thou hast made the LORD, which is my refuge, even the most High, thy habitation; 10 There shall no evil befall thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling. 11 For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways.
  • 158 12 They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone. 13 Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet. 14 Because he hath set his love upon me, therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high, because he hath known my name. 15 He shall call upon me, and I will answer him: I will be with him in trouble; I will deliver him, and honour him. 16 With long life will I satisfy him, and shew him my salvation.
  • 159 Introduction Once again, the Psalmist is very clear on who, what, and how of the main event concerning the year 1991 – the Gulf War. The second verse that reads “I will say of the Lord my God; in him will I trust” points to no other than the United States of America - the only nation in the world with the national motto “In God We Trust” which is printed on all U.S. coins and money bills.. A war is signaled in the verses with descriptive phrases such as “the snare of the fowler”, “the noisome pestilence”, “the terror by night”, “the arrow that flieth by day”, “the pestilence that walketh in darkness”, and “the destruction that wasteth at noonday”. The enemy of the U.S. and the opposers of the due Gulf War are also foretold and defined as “the wicked”, “the lion”, “the adder”, “the young lion” and “the dragon”.
  • 160 The U.S. would have to fight the war abroad (“it shall not come nigh thee”). The Gulf War was the first war ever to be televised across the globe “live” signaled in the 8th verse with the line: (“it shall not come nigh thee”) “Only with thine eyes shalt thou behold and see…”. Even the final number (or ratio) of the rival vs. U.S. casualties are given: “A thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right hand…” – a ratio of 10 to 1. The official figures of the total U.S. and the coalition casualties were less than a thousand. Starting at the 14th verse, the Lord personally speaks and describes how He will help the U.S. win the war for “he [the U.S. President] has known my name”. “With long life will I satisfy him” reads the verse. The U.S. President of the day to be crowned with victory and a long life directly by the Lord was no other than George H. W. Bush, Commander in Chief of the U.S. Army in 1991, aged 85 as of 2009.
  • 161 George H. W. Bush [Key phrase: my God; in him will I trust] George H. W. Bush 41st President of the United States http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:George_H._W._Bush,_President_of_the_Unite d_States,_1989_official_portrait.jpg – Accessed October 29, 2009. * * *
  • 162 The opening verse is clear on identifying whom the 91st Psalm is addressed at: The U.S. President and the U.S.A. “I will say of the LORD, He is my refuge and my fortress: my God; in him will I trust” reads the second verse in allusion to the U.S. National Motto: “In God We Trust” that is printed on U.S. coins and paper bills. In God We Trust In God We Trust is the official motto of the United States and the U.S. state of Florida. The motto first appeared on a United States coin in 1864 during strong Christian sentiment emerging during the Civil War, but In God We Trust did not become the official U.S. national motto until after the passage of an Act of Congress in 1956.[1][2] It is codified as federal law in the United States Code at 36 U.S.C. § 302, which provides: "In God we trust" is the national motto". http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In_God_We_Trust – Accessed October 29, 2009. * * *
  • 163 U.S. Dollar Bills http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/64/USDnotes.png – Accessed October 29, 2009. Back of a US 20 Dollar Bill with the U.S. Motto “In God We Trust” printed just below “United States of America” http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/b/bb/1in_god_we_trust.jpg – Accessed October 29, 2009.
  • 164 The entire Psalm describes how the LORD is determined to help the U.S. and the U.S. President throughout the war that was due in year 1991. Psalms 91: 11 For he shall give his angels charge over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. 12 They shall bear thee up in their hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone. 13 Because he hath set his love upon me, therefore will I deliver him: I will set him on high, because he hath known my name. 14 He shall call upon me, and I will answer him: I will be with him in trouble; I will deliver him, and honour him. George H. W. Bush, born in 1924, a World War II veteran, the Commander in Chief of the U.S. Army in 1991 was to be awarded a victory and a long life (aged at 85 as of 2009) is signaled in the last verse: Psalms 91: 16 With long life will I satisfy him, and shew him my salvation.
  • 165 Persian Gulf War On August 1, 1990, Iraq, led by Saddam Hussein, invaded its oil-rich neighbor to the south, Kuwait; Bush condemned the invasion[46] and began rallying opposition to Iraq in the US and among European, Asian, and Middle Eastern allies.[11] Secretary of Defense Richard Bruce "Dick" Cheney traveled to Saudi Arabia to meet with King Fahd; Fahd requested US military aid in the matter, fearing a possible invasion of his country as well.[46] The request was met initially with Air Force fighter jets. Iraq made attempts to negotiate with Bush through a deal that would allow the country to take control of half of Kuwait. Bush rejected this proposal and insisted on a complete withdrawal of Iraqi forces.[11] The planning of a ground operation by US-led coalition forces began forming in September 1990, headed by General Norman Schwarzkopf.[46] Bush spoke before a joint session of the US Congress regarding the authorization of air and land attacks, laying out four immediate objectives: "Iraq must withdraw from Kuwait completely, immediately, and without condition. Kuwait's legitimate government must be restored. The security and stability of the Persian Gulf must be assured. And American citizens abroad must be protected."
  • 166 He then outlined a fifth, long-term objective: "Out of these troubled times, our fifth objective — a new world order — can emerge: a new era — freer from the threat of terror, stronger in the pursuit of justice, and more secure in the quest for peace. An era in which the nations of the world, East and West, North and South, can prosper and live in harmony[...] A world where the rule of law supplants the rule of the jungle. A world in which nations recognize the shared responsibility for freedom and justice. A world where the strong respect the rights of the weak."[47] With the United Nations Security Council opposed to Iraq's violence, Congress authorized the use of military force,[46] with a set goal of returning control of Kuwait to the Kuwaiti government, and protecting America's interests abroad.[11] Early on the morning of January 17, 1991, allied forces launched the first attack, which included more than 4,000 bombing runs by coalition aircraft.[11] This pace would continue for the next four weeks, until a ground invasion was launched on February 24. Allied forces penetrated Iraqi lines and pushed toward Kuwait City while on the west side of the country, forces were intercepting the retreating Iraqi army.[11]
  • 167 Bush made the decision to stop the offensive after a mere 100 hours. Critics labeled this decision premature, as hundreds of Iraqi forces were able to escape; Bush responded by saying that he wanted to minimize US casualties.[11] Opponents further charged that Bush should have continued the attack, pushing Hussein's army back to Baghdad, then remove him from power.[11] Bush explained that he did not give the order to overthrow the Iraqi government because it would have "incurred incalculable human and political costs.... We would have been forced to occupy Baghdad and, in effect, rule Iraq."[48] Bush's approval ratings skyrocketed after the successful offensive.[11] Additionally, President Bush and Secretary of State Baker felt the coalition victory had increased U.S. prestige abroad and believed there was a window of opportunity to use the political capital generated by the coalition victory to revitalize the Arab-Israeli peace process. The administration immediately returned to Arab-Israeli peacemaking following the end of the Gulf War; this resulted in the Madrid Conference, later in 1991.[49] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_H._W._Bush#Persian_Gulf_War – Accessed October 29, 2009. * * *
  • 168 The Gulf War [Key phrases: the terror by night, the arrow that flieth by day, the pestilence that walketh in darkness, the destruction that wasteth at noonday] Clockwise from top: USAF aircraft flying over burning Kuwaiti oil wells; British troops in Operation Granby; Camera view of a Lockheed AC- 130; Highway of Death; M728 Combat Engineer Vehicle http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Gulf_War_Photobox.jpg – Accessed October 29, 2009.
  • 169 The 91st Psalm clearly describes one serious war the United States would have to fight in 1991. With key phrases such as “the terror by night”, “the arrow that flieth by day”, “the pestilence that walketh in darkness” and “the destruction that wasteth at noonday” extensive aerial bombing using missiles is signaled in the verses. * * * Technology Precision-guided munitions, such as the United States Air Force guided missile AGM-130, were heralded as key in allowing military strikes to be made with a minimum of civilian casualties compared to previous wars, although they were not used as often as more traditional, less accurate bombs. Specific buildings in downtown Baghdad could be bombed whilst journalists in their hotels watched cruise missiles fly by. Precision-guided munitions amounted to approximately 7.4% of all bombs dropped by the coalition. Other bombs included cluster bombs, which disperse numerous submunitions,[93] and daisy cutters, 15,000-pound bombs which can disintegrate everything within hundreds of yards.
  • 170 Global Positioning System units were important in enabling coalition units to navigate easily across the desert. Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) and satellite communication systems were also important. Two examples of this is the US Navy E-2 Hawkeye and the US Air Force E-3 Sentry. Both were used in command and control area of operations. These systems provided essential communications links between the ground forces, air forces, and the navy. It is one the many reasons why the air war was dominated by the Coalition Forces. Scud and Patriot missiles The role of Iraq's Scud missiles featured prominently in the war. Scud is a tactical ballistic missile that the Soviet Union developed and deployed among the forward deployed Red Army divisions in East Germany. The role of the Scuds which were armed with nuclear and chemical warheads was to destroy command, control, and communication facilities and delay full mobilisation of Western German and Allied Forces in Germany. It could also be used to directly target ground forces. The US's Patriot missile was used for the first time in combat. The US military claimed a high effectiveness against Scuds at the time. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War#Technology – Accessed October 29, 2009. * * *
  • 171 The enemy the U.S. would fight against (and defeat) is given in the following verse: 13 Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet. The [first] Gulf War was fought against Iraq. Opposers of the Gulf War may have been Lebanon, some Islamic nations and China. The war the U.S. would fight in 1991 was to take place abroad, outside the U.S. soil (“but it shall not come nigh thee”). 7 A thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right hand; but it shall not come nigh thee. The war officially started on January 16th, 1991. That night, the U.S. President, the Commander in Chief of the U.S. Army, may have been taken to a secret place for hiding as a precaution. The Psalm begins with the verse:
  • 172 1 He that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty. The President, though having being kept in a secret place as the war started, would literally “see” or watch and witness the war from his haven. 8 Only with thine eyes shalt thou behold and see the reward of the wicked. * * * The Persian Gulf War was a television event. CNN broadcast round-the-clock coverage of unfolding events. Americans saw footage from cameras placed on smart bombs as they struck Iraqi targets. The stealth fighter, designed to avoid radar detection was put into use for the first time. General Norman Schwarzkopf and General Colin Powell became household names as citizens watched their direction of the conflict. http://ushistory.org/us/60a.asp – Accessed October 29, 2009. * * *
  • 173 The Gulf War was a "televised war". For the first time people all over the world were able to watch live pictures of missiles hitting their targets and fighters taking off from aircraft carriers. Allied forces were keen to demonstrate the "pin-point" accuracy of their weapons. The US policy regarding media freedom was much more restrictive than in the Vietnam War. Most of the press information came from briefings organized by the military. Only selected journalists were allowed to visit the front lines or conduct interviews with soldiers. Those visits were always conducted in the presence of officers, and were subject to both prior approval by the military and censorship afterward. This was ostensibly to protect sensitive information from being revealed to Iraq, but often in practice it was used to protect politically embarrassing information from being revealed. This policy was heavily influenced by the military's experience with the Vietnam War, which it believed it had lost due to public opposition within the United States. At the same time, the coverage of this war was new in its instantaneousness. Many American journalists remained stationed in the Iraqi capital Baghdad throughout the war, and footage of incoming missiles was carried almost immediately on the nightly television news and the cable news channels such as CNN.
  • 174 A British crew from CBS News (David Green & Andy Thompson) equipped with satellite transmission equipment travelled with the front line forces and having transmitted live tv pictures of the fighting en route, arrived the day before the forces in Kuwait City, transmitting live television from the city and covering the entrance of the Arab forces the following day. http://www.wordiq.com/definition/Gulf_War – Accessed October 29, 2009. * * * The final number (or ratio) of the casualties are also given in the verses: 7 A thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right hand; but it shall not come nigh thee. For every single soldier the U.S. would lose, the rival nation would lose ten.
  • 175 Casualties - Iraqi The exact number of Iraqi combat casualties is unknown, but known to be heavy. Some now estimate that Iraq sustained between 20,000 and 35,000 fatalities. [63] A report commissioned by the U.S. Air Force, estimated 10,000-12,000 Iraqi combat deaths in the air campaign and as many as 10,000 casualties in the ground war.[66] This analysis is based on Iraqi prisoner of war reports. It is known that 20,000 Iraqi soldiers were killed. Coalition losses to enemy fire 190 Coalition troops were killed by Iraqi combatants, the rest of the 379 coalition deaths being from friendly fire or accidents. This number was much lower than expected. Among the American dead were three female soldiers. This is a list of Coalition troops killed by country. United States - 294 (114 by enemy fire, 145 in accidents, 35 to friendly fire) United Kingdom - 47 (38 by enemy fire, 9 to friendly fire) Saudi Arabia – 18 [73] Egypt – 11 [74] United Arab Emirates – 6 [75] Syria – 2 [76] France - 2 Kuwait - 1 (as part of Operation Desert Storm) [77] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gulf_War#Casualties – Accessed October 29, 2009. * * *
  • 176 1992 • Collapse of the Soviet Union • Discovery of the Bible Codes • The [US] Energy Policy Act of 1992 • Space Based Surveillance • Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI)
  • 177 Psalms 92: 1 <<A Psalm or Song for the sabbath day.>> It is a good thing to give thanks unto the LORD, and to sing praises unto thy name, O most High: 2 To shew forth thy lovingkindness in the morning, and thy faithfulness every night, 3 Upon an instrument of ten strings, and upon the psaltery; upon the harp with a solemn sound. 4 For thou, LORD, hast made me glad through thy work: I will triumph in the works of thy hands. 5 O LORD, how great are thy works! and thy thoughts are very deep. 6 A brutish man knoweth not; neither doth a fool understand this. 7 When the wicked spring as the grass, and when all the workers of iniquity do flourish; it is that they shall be destroyed for ever: 8 But thou, LORD, art most high for evermore. 9 For, lo, thine enemies, O LORD, for, lo, thine enemies shall perish; all the workers of iniquity shall be scattered. 10 But my horn shalt thou exalt like the horn of an unicorn: I shall be anointed with fresh oil.
  • 178 11 Mine eye also shall see my desire on mine enemies, and mine ears shall hear my desire of the wicked that rise up against me. 12 The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree: he shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon. 13 Those that be planted in the house of the LORD shall flourish in the courts of our God. 14 They shall still bring forth fruit in old age; they shall be fat and flourishing; 15 To shew that the LORD is upright: he is my rock, and there is no unrighteousness in him.
  • 179 Introduction 1992 marks as a pivotal year in the history of mankind. It is the first year without the Soviet Union and the Cold War since 1922, as the 1922 Treaty on the creation of the Soviet Union has been denounced on December 12, 1991. The Bible refers to the Soviet Union as “workers of iniquity”. This comes as no surprise since Russia, in her Communist days, promoted and favored the rights and needs of the working class. “All the workers of iniquity shall be scattered” reads the verse, and so it was! The union of Soviets was no more. The verse is found within Psalm 92 - the Psalm that is spared for the events of year 1992. Not anywhere else! 1992 is also the year Michael Drosnin found about “Bible Codes” during his visit to Israel and Eliyahu Rips (one of the world's leading authorities on group theory - a field of mathematics underlying quantum physics). Rips used a computer program to locate the codes in the Torah.
  • 180 The Bible refers to the computer as an “instrument of ten strings” (a computer keyboard used with ten fingers), and explains the usage of computer on the Bible with the phrase “upon the psaltery”. The next verse that follows reads “O Lord, how great are thy works! And thy thoughts are very deep. A bruitsh man knoweth not; neither doth a fool understand this” in reference to the spectacular nature of the Bible Codes and the holy wisdom behind it. The phrase “fresh oil” used in verse 10 alludes to alternative energy sources, or “The Energy Policy Act of 1992” which aimed at: “restructuring energy markets in the United States. Energy efficiency programs, the use of alternative fuels and renewable energy, research and development programs, and various tax credits and exemptions are mandated in the Act.(51) Programs that have the greatest impact on petroleum”. http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/petroleum/analysis_publications /chronology/petroleumchronology2000.htm - Accessed May 31, 2009. * * *
  • 181 The 11th verse that reads “Mine eye also shall see my desire on mine enemies, and mine ears shall hear my desire of the wicked that rise up against me” refers to the establishment of United States Strategic Command: On June 1, 1992, President George H. W. Bush established the U.S. Strategic Command out of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) and other Cold War military bodies, now obsolete due to the change in world politics. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Strategic_Command - Accessed May 31, 2009. * * * Last but not the least, the 13th verse that reads “those that be planted…” refers to the development of the “intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI)” [method] of single sperms directly into female eggs by Andre van Steirtegham in Brussels, Belgium, in 1992 – a breakthrough in “test tube baby” pregnancies.
  • 182 Collapse of the Soviet Union [Key phrase: all the workers of iniquity shall be scattered] Flag of the Soviet Union The “workers of iniquity”, the term the Bible uses for Soviet Union, “shall be scattered” reads the verse in Psalm 92. Who would believe that a nation, the council of the Russians, so strong, so technologically and military-wise advanced could part into several smaller nations and denounce itself almost overnight by the end of 1991? In 7th verse the Bible is clear that the Soviet Union would be obsolete just when she “flourished”:
  • 183 7 When the wicked spring as the grass, and when all the workers of iniquity do flourish; it is that they shall be destroyed for ever: The Bible informed about a world without the Soviet Union, and without the Cold War centuries before a Union of the Soviets came into existence on Earth. The Psalmist was precise: The U.S.S.R was to be history in 1992. The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia from 1922 to 1991. A soviet is a council, the theoretical basis for the socialist society of the USSR. The Soviet Union was officially established in December 1922 as the union of the Russian (colloquially known as Bolshevist Russia), Ukrainian, Belarusian, and Transcaucasian Soviet republics ruled by Bolshevik parties. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soviet_Union - Accessed May 31, 2009. * * *
  • 184 On December 25, 1991, Gorbachev resigned as president of the USSR, declaring the office extinct and ceding all the powers still vested in it to the president of Russia: Yeltsin. On the night of that same day, the Soviet flag was lowered for the last time over the Kremlin. Finally, a day later on December 26, 1991, the Council of Republics (a chamber) of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR recognized the dissolution of the Soviet Union and dissolved itself (another chamber of the Supreme Soviet had been unable to work during some months before this, due to absence of a quorum). By December 31, 1991, all official Soviet institutions had ceased operations as individual republics assumed the central government's role. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_Soviet_Union_(1985-1991) – Accessed May 31, 2009. * * *
  • 185 Discovery of the Bible Codes [Key phrase: Upon an instrument of ten strings, and upon the psaltery] Bible Code Matrix The third verse in 92nd Psalm speaks of an “instrument of ten strings”. What could that “instrument of ten strings” be? A harp? The oldest depictions of harps without a forepillar are from 4000 BC in Egypt and 3000 BCE in Persia While most English translations of the Bible feature the word 'harp', especially in connection with King David, the Hebrew word is nevel, a type of lyre with 10 strings and not a harp at all. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harp - Accessed May 31, 2009.
  • 186 The phrase “an instrument of ten strings” is Psalmist’s allusion to the modern day computer, used (played) with ten fingers – a computer keyboard! The Psalmist tries to explain the usage of a computer “upon the psaltery” – the Psalms and the Bible. The next three verses that follow explain the complexity, the holiness and the spectacular nature of the Bible Codes – a work of Lord’s hands, and His deep thoughts. 4 For thou, LORD, hast made me glad through thy work: I will triumph in the works of thy hands. 5 O LORD, how great are thy works! and thy thoughts are very deep.
  • 187 6 A brutish man knoweth not; neither doth a fool understand this. 1992 is the year Michael Drosnin heard about the Bible Codes during his visit to Israel. While he was there, he went ahead and visited mathematician Eliyahu Rips, the discoverer of the Bible Codes, and witnessed the Bible Codes unfold before his very eyes right on Rips’ computer. Drosnin wrote two books on Bible Codes, “Bible Code” (1997), and “Bible Code II” (2002). In 1997 Drosnin published his most famous book, Bible Code, which asserts that the Bible Code predicts the future and that events can be affected by our actions. The book also states that many famous assassinations -- both past and future -- were foretold in the Bible, and that the code can be interpreted with the help of a computer program. The book also implies that extraterrestrials delivered the message of the Bible encoded with these prophesies[1], and that the code contains predictions of disasters and an apocalypse to occur between 1998 and 2006. Drosnin wrote a second book in 2002 named The Bible Code II: The Countdown. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Michael_Drosnin - Accessed May 31, 2009. * * *
  • 188 The Energy Policy Act of 1992 [Key phrase: fresh oil] The phrase “fresh oil” used in verse 10 alludes to alternative energy sources, and “The [US] Energy Policy Act of 1992” which aimed at: “restructuring energy markets in the United States. Energy efficiency programs, the use of alternative fuels and renewable energy, research and development programs, and various tax credits and exemptions are mandated in the Act.(51) Programs that have the greatest impact on petroleum”. http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/petroleum/analysis_publications /chronology/petroleumchronology2000.htm - Accessed May 31, 2009. * * *
  • 189 The Energy Policy Act of 1992 The provisions of the Energy Policy Act of 1992 are aimed at restructuring energy markets in the United States. Energy efficiency programs, the use of alternative fuels and renewable energy, research and development programs, and various tax credits and exemptions are mandated in the Act.(51) Programs that have the greatest impact on petroleum include the following: - Alternative Minimum Tax Exemption. As of January 1993, independent oil and gas producers can take greater deductions against the alternative minimum tax for percentage depletion and intangible drilling costs. This encourages domestic exploration, and could increase U.S. oil production slightly. - Alternative Transportation Fuels. The mandate to phase in alternative fuels in government and private automobile and truck fleets will eventually cut into petroleum use for transportation. The Act sets a national goal of 30 percent penetration of non- petroleum fuels in the light-duty vehicle market by 2010. (52) Natural gas, electricity, methanol, ethanol, and coal-deprived liquid fuels are among those set to replace petroleum in vehicle fleets. The fleets of four or more automobiles alone in 1991 comprised 9 percent of the automobiles in operation.(53) Additional displacement by truck fleets will further impact petroleum use Cleaner Trucks, Buses, and Diesel Fuel.
  • 190 - Energy Efficiency Standards. The Act requires the Secretary of Energy to set efficiency standards for all new Federal buildings and new buildings with federally backed mortgages. Efficiency standards for commercial and industrial equipment are required also. The primary effect of these standards on petroleum will be a reduction in consumption of petroleum heating fuels. - Research and Development. Programs to reduce consumption of imported oil include the development of oil shale and advanced oil-recovery techniques as methods of increasing domestic oil production. Research into high-efficiency heat engines and high temperature superconducting electric power systems are intended to lower dependence on oil imports by reducing petroleum product consumption. Research into the development of renewable energy technologies for the production of electricity could also reduce petroleum consumption. http://www.eia.doe.gov/pub/oil_gas/petroleum/analysis_publications /chronology/petroleumchronology2000.htm - Accessed May 31, 2009. * * *
  • 191 Space Based Surveillance [Key phrase: Mine eye also shall see my desire on mine enemies] The emblem of the U.S. Strategic Command The 11th verse reads: 11 Mine eye also shall see my desire on mine enemies, and mine ears shall hear my desire of the wicked that rise up against me. The verses allude to the space based surveillance and intelligence of the “enemies” [of US]:
  • 192 U.S. Strategic Command On June 1, 1992, President George H. W. Bush established the U.S. Strategic Command out of the Strategic Air Command (SAC) and other Cold War military bodies, now obsolete due to the change in world politics. The Command unified planning, targeting and wartime employment of strategic forces under one commander. Day-to-day training, equipment and maintenance responsibilities for its forces remained with the Air Force and Navy. Its mission is to provide the nation with global deterrence capabilities and synchronized DoD (United States Department of Defense) effects to combat adversary weapons of mass destruction worldwide. It must enable decisive global kinetic and non-kinetic combat effects through the application and advocacy of integrated intelligence, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR); space and global strike operations; information operations; integrated missile defense and robust command and control. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/United_States_Strategic_Command - Accessed May 31, 2009. * * *
  • 193 Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) [Key phrase: those that be planted] “those that be planted” The 13th verse mentions the phrase “those that be planted...” A verse earlier, the very Psalm describes how the “righteous” will “flourish like the palm tree”, and “grow like a cedar”. The verses refer to the boom of 90’s “test tube” babies achieved through “in vitro fertilization” (IVF).
  • 194 With the help of a new technique in IVF application, a method developed by Andre van Steirtegham in Brussels in 1992, injection of the single sperm cell (“those that be planted”) directly into the female egg improved the fertility rates and the success of IVF. In Vitro Fertilization – (IVF) a process by which egg cells are fertilized by sperm outside the womb, in vitro. IVF is a major treatment in infertility when other methods of assisted reproductive technology have failed. The process involves hormonally controlling the ovulatory process, removing ova (eggs) from the woman's ovaries and letting sperm fertilise them in a fluid medium. The fertilised egg (zygote) is then transferred to the patient's uterus with the intent to establish a successful pregnancy. The first "test tube baby", Louise Brown, was born in 1978. The other very significant milestone in IVF was the development of the intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) of single sperms by Andre van Steirtegham in Brussels, 1992. This has enabled men with minimal sperm production to achieve pregnancies. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/In_vitro_fertilization - Accessed May 31, 2009. * * *
  • 195 Intracytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI, pronounced "eeksee"[1] or "icksy"[2]) is an in vitro fertilization procedure in which a single sperm is injected directly into an egg. This procedure is most commonly used to overcome male infertility problems, although it may also be used where eggs cannot easily be penetrated by sperm, and occasionally as a method of in vitro fertilization, especially that associated with sperm donation. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Intracytoplasmic_sperm_injection - Accessed May 31, 2009. * * * Intra-Cytoplasmic Sperm Injection (ICSI) This is an in vitro fertilisation procedure where the egg and sperm are fertlilised in the laboratory. With ICSI, the same preparatory procedure is used as with standard IVF. The woman will be given fertility drugs to stimulate her ovaries to develop many eggs. The eggs are collected and the sperm are retrieved from the male partner for fertilisation in the laboratory. In some cases, men with almost complete failure of sperm production or a blockage may require a small sperm retrieval operation (see PESA and MESA).
  • 196 In the laboratory under high-powered microscope, a single live sperm is selected and injected into the fluid centre of the egg. A holding pipette stablises the egg from one side and from the opposite side a thin, hollow needle containing the selected sperm is inserted into the egg. After the procedure the eggs are placed into cell culture overnight and observed for signs of fertilisation. Any resulting embryos are transferred into the uterus as with IVF a few days later. ICSI is a major advance in treating severe male infertility. It is a relatively new technique, first used in 1992. In most cases of male infertility the sperm are unable to penetrate the outer coating (zona pellucida) of the egg and so fertilisation through natural conception or IVF is not possible. With ICSI, very few sperm are required and the ability of the sperm to penetrate the egg is unimportant. The fertilisation rate per egg using ICSI is about 70%. ICSI may be recommended where the male partner has abnormalities in the number, quality or function of the sperm. It may also be advised in cases where previous conventional IVF treatment resulted in failed fertilisation of eggs or a low fertilisation rate. http://www.lifeclinic.gr/icsi.html - Accessed May 31, 2009. * * *
  • 197 The Bible okays test tube babies and confirms their healthy future: 14 They shall still bring forth fruit in old age; they shall be fat and flourishing;
  • 198 1993 • 1993 World Trade Center Bombing • Archaeological Proof of King David • The Great Flood of 1993 • Inauguration of a New U.S. President - Bill Clinton
  • 199 Psalms 93: 1 The LORD reigneth, he is clothed with majesty; the LORD is clothed with strength, wherewith he hath girded himself: the world also is stablished, that it cannot be moved. 2 Thy throne is established of old: thou art from everlasting. 3 The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves. 4 The LORD on high is mightier than the noise of many waters, yea, than the mighty waves of the sea. 5 Thy testimonies are very sure: holiness becometh thine house, O LORD, for ever.
  • 200 Introduction The year 1993 is remembered for: a) World Trade Center Bombing b) The Great Flood of ’93 that hit the U.S., c) Inauguration of a new U.S. President - Bill Clinton The Bible, namely the 93rd Psalm, foretold all three events thousands of years before they actually took place and “came to pass” before our very eyes! The 1993 World Trade Center bombing occurred on February 26, 1993, when a car bomb was detonated below the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Trade_Center_bombing - Accessed June 1, 2009. * * *
  • 201 The Bible calls the World Trade Center “the world” in the first verse, and explains how it “is stablished, that it cannot be moved”, hinting that no major damage would be caused by the attacker who “is clothed with strength”, “wherewith he hath girded himself” in allusion to the yellow Ryder van that was loaded with the 1310 lb. bomb used in the bombing. 1993 is also the year Tel Dan Stele was discovered in Israel – the archaeological proof of King David. The Tel Dan Stele is a black basalt stele erected by an Aramaean king in northernmost Israel containing an Aramaic inscription to commemorate his victory over the ancient Hebrews. The inscription is a fragment but it has generated excitement among biblical scholars and biblical archaeologists because the letters '‫דודתיב‬' are identical to the Hebrew for "house of David." If these letters refer to the Davidic line then this is the first time the name "David" has been recognized at any archaeological site. The scholarly consensus among archaeologists and epigrahers is that the fragment is an authentic reference to the Biblical King David.[1] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tel_Dan_Stele - Accessed June 1, 2009. * * *
  • 202 The second verse “thy throne is established of old: thou art from everlasting” alludes to King David, the author of most of the Psalms. The discovery of Tel Dan Stele proved once again that a king named David did reign in Israel. The third verse is self-explanatory: “The floods have lifted up, O LORD, the floods have lifted up their voice; the floods lift up their waves.” The Bible is clearly warning the sons and daughters of Jacob regarding a most deadly flood bound to take its toll across the US in year 1993. The Great Flood of 1993 was among the most costly and devastating ever to occur in the United States, with $15 billion in damages. The hydrographic basin affected covered around 745 miles (1200 km) in length and 435 miles (700 km) in width, totaling about 320,000 square miles (840,000 km²)[1]. Within this zone, the flooded area totaled around 30,000 square miles (80,000 km²)[2] and was the worst such U.S. disaster since the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, as measured by duration, square miles inundated, persons displaced, crop and property damage, and number of record river levels. In some categories, the 1993 flood even surpassed the 1927 flood, at the time the largest flood ever recorded on the Mississippi. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Flood_of_1993 - Accessed June 1, 2009.
  • 203 Finally, the keywords “throne” and “reigneth” allude to a new president in the White House; namely Bill Clinton – the 42nd President of the United States. Bill Clinton took office in 1993 and served as a president until 2001.
  • 204 1993 World Trade Center Bombing [Key phrases: clothed with strength, wherewith he hath girded himself, the world also is stablished, that it cannot be moved] World Trade Center http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Wtc_arial_march2001.jpg – Accessed June 1, 2009. * * *
  • 205 The year is 1993. The Psalm (the 19th Book of the Bible) at hand is numbered 93. The 19th Book, 93rd chapter of the Bible (19+93=1993) illustrates a place called “the world”, and someone “clothed with strength” next to one another. The verse describes someone (a bomber?) “clothed with strength” (a bomb?), “wherewith he had girded himself” (with bombs?). The keyword “the world” represents the World Trade Center in New York City. “The world also is stablished” reads the verse, hinting that no major damage would be done to the “World Trade Center” in a possible attack by the anonymous person who is “clothed with strength” and “hath girded himself “. Though the bombers tried to knock down the North and South Towers of the World Trade Center in the 1993 attack, they failed – just as the Bible foretold that they would – “the world is stablished that it cannot be moved”.
  • 206 The 1993 World Trade Center Bombing The 1993 World Trade Center bombing occurred on February 26, 1993, when a car bomb was detonated below the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The 1,500 lb (680 kg) urea nitrate- hydrogen gas enhanced device[1] was intended to knock the North Tower (Tower One) into the South Tower (Tower Two), bringing both towers down and killing thousands of people.[2][3] It failed to do so, but did kill six people and injured 1,042. The attack was planned by a group of conspirators including Ramzi Yousef, Mahmud Abouhalima, Mohammad Salameh, Nidal Ayyad, Abdul Rahman Yasin and Ahmad Ajaj. They received financing from Khaled Shaikh Mohammed, Yousef's uncle. In March 1994, four men were convicted of carrying out the bombing: Abouhalima, Ajaj, Ayyad and Salameh. The charges included conspiracy, explosive destruction of property and interstate transportation of explosives. In November 1997, two more were convicted: Yousef, the mastermind behind the bombings, and Eyad Ismoil, who drove the truck carrying the bomb. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Trade_Center_bombing - Accessed June 1, 2009. * * *
  • 207 Archaeological Proof of King David [Key phrases: Thy throne is established of old, thou art from everlasting] King David http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Rey_David_por_Pedro_Berruguete.JPG – Accessed June 1, 2009. * * *
  • 208 David is the king who began the building of the Holy Temple (the holiest place of Jews) which was completed by his son King Solomon. He is also known as the author of most of the Psalms. David was born in Bethlehem, the same town where Jesus was later born in. The expected Messiah of Jews is believed to come from the line of David. In Jewish messianic tradition and eschatology, messiah refers to a future King of Israel from the Davidic line, who will rule the people of united tribes of Israel[1], and herald the Messianic Age[2] of global peace. In Standard Hebrew, The Messiah is often referred to as ‫ךלמ‬ ‫חישמה‬, Méleḫ ha-Mašíaḥ (in the Tiberian vocalization pronounced Méleḵ haMMāšîªḥ), literally meaning "the Anointed King." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Messiah - Accessed June 1, 2009. * * * The second verse: “Thy throne is established of old, thou art from everlasting” refers to King David, who, according to the Bible, did exist and ruled Israel - now archaeologically confirmed with the discovery of Tel Dan Stele.
  • 209 Tel Dan Stele Inscription http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Tel_dan_inscription.png – Accessed June 1, 2009. * * * David David (Hebrew: ‫ִד‬‫ו‬ָ‫דּ‬, Modern Dawid Tiberian dɔwið "beloved", Arabic: ‫دواد‬ Dāwud) was the second king of the United Kingdom of Israel according to the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament. He is depicted as a righteous king, although not without fault, as well as an acclaimed warrior, musician and poet (he is traditionally credited with the authorship of many of the Psalms). The narrative depicts him throughout his life as conflicted between his ruthless ambition and lusts, and his desire to serve God. The biblical chronology sets his life c.1037 - 970 BC, his reign over Judah c.1007 - 1000 BC, and his reign over the united Kingdom of Israel c.1000 - 970 BC.
  • 210 The Book of Samuel is the primary source of information on his life and reign; there is little archaeological evidence to confirm the Bible's picture of David (although the Tel Dan stele suggests that a king named David founded a Judaean royal dynasty by the 9th-century BC), but his story has been of immense importance to subsequent Jewish and Christian culture. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/David – Accessed June 1, 2009. * * *
  • 211 The Great Flood of 1993 [Key phrases: The floods have lifted up, the floods have lifted up their voice, the floods lift up their waves] Missouri River’s damage to US Highway 63 as an aftermath of the Great Flood of 1993 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MO_capital_flood_93.jpg – Accessed June 1, 2009. * * *
  • 212 Could the Bible be any clearer on describing a flood? “The floods lift up their waves” reads the verse. Result? The Great Flood of 1993 – “the most costly and devastating ever to occur in the United States, with $15 billion in damages”. The Great Flood of 1993 The Great Flood of 1993 was among the most costly and devastating ever to occur in the United States, with $15 billion in damages. The hydrographic basin affected covered around 745 miles (1200 km) in length and 435 miles (700 km) in width, totaling about 320,000 square miles (840,000 km²)[1]. Within this zone, the flooded area totaled around 30,000 square miles (80,000 km²)[2] and was the worst such U.S. disaster since the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927, as measured by duration, square miles inundated, persons displaced, crop and property damage, and number of record river levels. In some categories, the 1993 flood even surpassed the 1927 flood, at the time the largest flood ever recorded on the Mississippi. Costs and damage Some locations on the Mississippi River flooded for almost 200 days while locations on the Missouri neared 100 days of flooding.
  • 213 On the Mississippi, Grafton, Illinois, recorded flooding for 195 days, Clarksville, Missouri, for 187 days, Winfield, Missouri, for 183 days, Hannibal, Missouri, for 174 days, and Quincy, Illinois, for 152 days. The Missouri River was above flood stage for 62 days in Jefferson City, Missouri, 77 days at Hermann, Missouri; and for 94 days at St. Charles in the St. Louis metropolitan area. On October 7, 103 days after it began, the Mississippi River at St. Louis finally dropped below flood stage. Approximately 10,000 homes were destroyed as a result of the flooding, with 15 million acres (60,000 km²) of farmland inundated, and the whole towns of Valmeyer, Illinois and Rhineland, Missouri were relocated to higher ground.[1] The floods cost thirty two lives officially; however, a more likely target is suspected to be around fifty people, as well as an estimated 15-20 billion dollars in damages. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Great_Flood_of_1993 - Accessed June 1, 2009. * * *
  • 214 Inauguration of a New U.S. President – Bill Clinton [Keywords: throne, reigneth] Bill Clinton is the 42nd President of the United States who first took office on January 20, 1993. As a rule, the Psalms signal a new US or Israeli president with the words “throne” and/or “reigneth” – usually when they are both used together in a verse and/or a Psalm.
  • 215 William Jefferson "Bill" Clinton (born William Jefferson Blythe III, August 19, 1946)[1] served as the 42nd President of the United States from 1993 to 2001. He was the third-youngest president; only Theodore Roosevelt and John F. Kennedy were younger when entering office. Clinton presided over the longest period of peace-time economic expansion in American history, which included a balanced budget and a reported federal surplus.[6][7] Based on Congressional accounting rules, at the end of his presidency Clinton reported a surplus of $559 billion. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bill_Clinton - Accessed June 1, 2009. * * *
  • 216 1997 • Favorable Events Occurring at the Islands of the World • Administrative and Judicial Decisions • Civil Unrest in Africa • Women’s Move into Key Offices • Fires, Explosions, Crashes • Earthquakes • Floods • Tornados • Lights in the Sky
  • 217 • Solar Eclipse & Power Outages • Inauguration • Space Missions • Mars Expedition • Environmental Issues • Record Breakers and Firsts • Commemorations
  • 218 Psalms 97: 1 The LORD reigneth; let the earth rejoice; let the multitude of isles be glad thereof. 2 Clouds and darkness are round about him: righteousness and judgment are the habitation of his throne. 3 A fire goeth before him, and burneth up his enemies round about. 4 His lightnings enlightened the world: the earth saw, and trembled. 5 The hills melted like wax at the presence of the LORD, at the presence of the Lord of the whole earth. 6 The heavens declare his righteousness, and all the people see his glory. 7 Confounded be all they that serve graven images, that boast themselves of idols: worship him, all ye gods. 8 Zion heard, and was glad; and the daughters of Judah rejoiced because of thy judgments, O LORD. 9 For thou, LORD, art high above all the earth: thou art exalted far above all gods. 10 Ye that love the LORD, hate evil: he preserveth the souls of his saints; he delivereth them out of the hand of the wicked.
  • 219 11 Light is sown for the righteous, and gladness for the upright in heart. 12 Rejoice in the LORD, ye righteous; and give thanks at the remembrance of his holiness.
  • 220 Introduction Year 1997 is a good example of how, at times, Psalms provide only the headlines, or category headings of the events to expect within the year in question. No specific event is hinted or illustrated yet almost all major event headings that would shape the year are provided. When we study the keywords, and the key phrases given, it is obvious that 1997 would be a tough year. With keywords and key phrases like “fire”, “burneth up”, “lightnings”, “trembled”, “the hills melted like wax”, “clouds”, “darkness” - all signs of natural catastrophes, the Bible pre-warns us about a year to be remembered with civil unrest (especially in Africa), floods, tornados, earthquakes and judicial cases and decisions that would interest and affect the lives of millions of people.
  • 221 The year would not end without providing any room for positive events though. Favorable events were to happen at or regarding the islands of the world, women were to take key offices, space missions would continue to be carried on up above the Earth, and environment related issues would be taken seriously and considered by majority of nations. Several firsts and record-breaking events were to happen in 1997 - hinted by the keywords “exalted” and “far above all”, that would make 1997 a year of progress and achievement for mankind.
  • 222 Favorable Events Occurring at the Islands of the World [Key phrase: let the multitude of isles be glad thereof] Simply put, the key phrase “let the multitude of isles be glad thereof” hints us to expect favorable events to happen at or regarding the islands of the world during 1997. * * * February 22 - In Roslin, Scotland, scientists announce that an adult sheep named Dolly had been successfully cloned, and was born in July 1996. March 26 - Julius Chan resigns as prime minister of Papua New Guinea, ending the Sandline affair. April 22 - A 126-day hostage crisis at the residence of the Japanese ambassador in Lima, Peru ends after government commandos storm and capture the building, rescuing 71 hostages. One hostage dies of a heart attack, 2 soldiers are killed by rebel fire, and all 14 Tupac Amaru rebels are slain. May 1 - United Kingdom general election, 1997: The United Kingdom's Labour Party ends 18 years of Conservative rule.
  • 223 May 3 - Katrina and the Waves win the Eurovision Song Contest 1997 for the UK with Love Shine a Light, the most successful Eurovision entry ever. May 31 - The 13-kilometer Confederation Bridge, the world's longest bridge spanning ice covered waters, opens between Prince Edward Island and New Brunswick, Canada. June 1 - Hugo Banzer wins the Presidential elections in Bolivia. July 1 - The United Kingdom hands sovereignty of Hong Kong to the People's Republic of China. June 11 - The British House of Commons votes for a total ban on handguns. July 13 - The remains of Che Guevara are returned to Cuba for burial, alongside some of his comrades. August 26 - The Independent International Commission on Decommissioning is set up in Northern Ireland, as part of a peace process. September 5 - The International Olympic Committee picks Athens, Greece to be the host city for the 2004 Summer Olympics. September 11 - Scotland votes to create its own Parliament after 290 years of union with England. September 18 - Wales votes in favour of devolution and the formation of a National Assembly. October 17 - The remains of Che Guevara are laid to rest with full military honours in a specially built mausoleum in the city of Santa Clara, Cuba, where he had won the decisive battle of the Cuban Revolution 39 years before. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009.
  • 224 Administrative and Judicial Decisions [Keywords: Righteousness and judgement, judgements] Judicial and administrative decisions are made every year – not just in 1997. However, the year 1997 is mostly remembered for the judicial cases debated in media throughout the year on such as O.J. Simpson’s, Louise Woodward’s and Ramzi Yousef’s cases. * * * January 21 - Newt Gingrich becomes the first Speaker of the United States House of Representatives to be disciplined internally for ethical misconduct. January 23 - Mir Aimal Kasi is sentenced to death for a 1993 assault rifle attack outside CIA headquarters that killed 2 and wounded 3. February 4 - O.J. Simpson is found liable in civil court for the deaths of Ron Goldman and Nicole Brown Simpson. Simpson is ordered to pay $35,000,000 in damages to the families of the 2 victims.
  • 225 February 4 - Ipswich Town footballer Adam Tanner, who had recently failed a drugs test, is banned from football for 3 months at an FA hearing. Some consider this to be a relatively lenient punishment as he had admitted taking drugs at the first attempt and shown remorse for his behaviour. February 4 - British Home Secretary Michael Howard informs Moors Murderer Myra Hindley that she will never be released from prison. Mr. Howard has made the decision in agreement with a recommendation made by his predecessor David Waddington in 1990. February 10 - The United States Army suspends Sgt. Major Gene C. McKinney, its top-ranking enlisted soldier, after hearing allegations of sexual misconduct. March 4 - U.S. President Bill Clinton bars federal funding for any research on human cloning. April 14 - Former SS Captain Erich Priebke is retried; on July 22 he is sentenced to 5 years in prison. April 16 - Houston, Texas socialite Doris Angleton is murdered in her River Oaks home. Roger Angleton later admits to the crime in his suicide note. Despite being found innocent of the crime by a Texas jury, he is later arrested by the United States Department of Justice on similar charges. May 22 - Kelly Flinn, the U.S. Air Force's first female bomber pilot certified for combat, accepts a general discharge in order to avoid a court martial. June 2 - In Denver, Colorado, Timothy McVeigh is convicted on 15 counts of murder and conspiracy for his role in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing.
  • 226 June 5 - Kim Hyun Chul, son of Kim Young Sam, president of South Korea, is charged with bribery and corruption related to the awarding of government contracts. June 13 - A jury sentences Timothy McVeigh to death for his part in the 1995 Oklahoma City bombing. June 19 - The fast food chain McDonald's wins a partial victory in its libel trial, known as the McLibel case, against 2 environmental campaigners. The judge decides it was true that McDonald's targeted its advertising at children, who pestered their parents into visiting the company's restaurants. July 23 - Digital Equipment Corporation files antitrust charges against chipmaker Intel. September 3 - Arizona Governor Fife Symington is convicted of various crimes tied to his real estate business, effectively forcing him out of office. October 30 - In Newton, Massachusetts, British au pair Louise Woodward is found guilty of the baby-shaking death of 8-month-old Matthew Eappen. November 10 - A Fairfax, Virginia jury finds Mir Aimal Kasi guilty of murdering 2 CIA employees in 1993. November 12 - Ramzi Yousef is found guilty of masterminding the World Trade Center 1993 bombings.
  • 227 December 5 - John O'Shaugnessey, 32, admits the rape and murder of 9-year-old Kayleigh Ward at Chester Crown Court. The trial judge sentences O'Shaugnessey, of Blacon, Chester, to life imprisonment with a recommendation that he should serve at least 30 years before being considered for parole. December 8 - Myra Hindley, one of the Moors murderers, arrives at the High Court of Justice, to contest a recent Home Secretary's decision that she should remain in prison until she dies. December 18 - Myra Hindley loses her High Court appeal against the government's decision to keep her behind bars for the rest of her life. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 228 Civil Unrest in Africa [Key phrase: Confounded be all they that serve graven images, that boast themselves of idols] “All that serve graven images” are to be “confounded”. Who does the Psalm refer to? Africa! A civil unrest in Africa during 1997 is signaled in the verses. * * * January 18 - In northwest Rwanda, Hutu militia members kill 3 Spanish aid workers, 3 soldiers, and seriously wound another. March 21 - In Zaire, Etienne Tshiksekedi is appointed prime minister; he ejects supporters of Mobutu Sese Seko from his cabinet. April 3 - The Thalit massacre in Algeria: All but one of the 53 inhabitants of Thalit are killed by guerrillas. April 22 - France supports the new transitional government in Zaire, withdrawing its support of Mobutu Sese Seko. April 22 - Haouch Khemisti massacre: 93 villagers are killed in Algeria.
  • 229 April 23 - 42 villagers are killed in the Omaria massacre in Algeria. May 16 - Mobutu Sese Seko leaves Kinshasa, eventually settling in Morocco. May 17 - Troops of Laurent Kabila march into Kinshasa. June 16 - About 50 are killed in the Dairat Labguer massacre in Algeria. July 27 - About 50 are killed in the Si Zerrouk massacre in Algeria. August 3 - Between 40-76 villagers are killed in the Oued El-Had and Mezouara massacre in Algeria. August 7 - 1998 U.S. embassy bombings: The bombings of the United States embassies in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania, and Nairobi, Kenya kill 224 people and injure over 4,500; they are linked to terrorist Osama Bin Laden, an exile of Saudi Arabia. August 20 - Over 60 are killed, 15 kidnapped in the Souhane massacre in Algeria. August 26 - 60-100 are killed in the Beni-Ali massacre in Algeria; August 29 - Over 98 (and possibly up to 400) are killed in the Rais massacre in Algeria. September 5 - Over 87 are killed in the Beni-Messous massacre in Algeria.
  • 230 September 19 - 53 are killed in the Guelb El-Kebir massacre in Algeria. September 21 - The Islamic Salvation Army, the Islamic Salvation Fronts' armed wing, declares a unilateral ceasefire in Algeria. September 22 - Over 200 villagers are killed in the Bentalha massacre in Algeria. October 12 - 43 are killed at a false roadblock, in the Sidi Daoud massacre in Algeria. November 17 - In Luxor, Egypt, 62 people are killed by 6 Islamic militants outside the Temple of Hatshepsut. December 24 - 50-100 villagers are killed in the Sid El- Antri massacre in Algeria. December 30 - Wilaya of Relizane massacres of December 30, 1997: In the worst incident in Algeria's insurgency, 400 are killed from four villages in the wilaya of Relizane. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 231 Women’s Move into Key Offices [Key phrase: the daughters of Judah rejoiced] Women had already started marching into the key offices in both the corporate world and the administrative arena since the start of the decade. It is in 1997 that we see a female “Secretary of State” in US. * * * January 22 - Madeleine Albright becomes the first female Secretary of State, after confirmation by the United States Senate. March 13 - India's Missionaries of Charity chooses Sister Nirmala to succeed Mother Teresa as its leader. June 26 - Bertie Ahern is appointed as the 10th Taoiseach of the Republic of Ireland and Mary Harney is appointed as the 16th, and first female, Tánaiste, after their parties, Fianna Fáil and the Progressive Democrats respectively, win the 1997 General Election. November 11 - Mary McAleese is elected the 8th President of Ireland. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 232 Fires, Explosions, Crashes [Keywords: Fire, burneth up] The keywords “fire” and “burneth up” hint us to expect fires, explosions and crashes within 1997. * * * January 17 - A Delta II rocket carrying a military GPS payload explodes, shortly after liftoff from Cape Canaveral. February 4 - On their way to Lebanon, 2 Israeli troop- transport helicopters collide, killing 73. February 23 - A small fire occurs on the Russian space station Mir. March 11 - An explosion at the Tokaimura nuclear waste reprocessing plant in Japan exposes 35 workers to low-level radioactive contamination, in the worst nuclear accident in Japan's history. March 18 - The tail of a Russian An-24 charter plane breaks off while en-route to Turkey, causing the plane to crash, killing all 50 on board, and resulting in the grounding of all An-24s. April 11 - Fire damages the Turin Cathedral in Italy.
  • 233 April 14 - Fire breaks out in a pilgrim camp on the Plain of Mena, 7 miles (11 km) from Mecca; 343 die. April 29 - Two trains crash at Hunan, China; 126 are killed. August 6 - Korean Air Flight 801 crash lands west of Guam International Airport, resulting in the deaths of 228 people. June 8 - A United States Coast Guard helicopter crashes near Humboldt Bay, California; all 4 crewmembers perish. July 11 - Thailand's worst hotel fire at Pattaya kills 90. September 26 - An air crash in Indonesia (likely caused by smoke rising from numerous forest fires in the area) kills 235 people (see Garuda Indonesia Flight 152). December 17 - The Ukranian aircraft VK-42 crashes into a mountain in Greece, killing 62 passengers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 234 Earthquakes [Keyword: trembled] The keyword “trembled” signals us that earthquakes are inevitable in 1997. * * * May 10 - An earthquake near Ardekul, in northeastern Iran, kills at least 2,400. September 26 - An earthquake strikes the Italian regions of Umbria and Marche, causing part of the Basilica of St. Francis at Assisi to collapse. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 235 Floods [Key phrase: The hills melted like wax] Could the Bible define the aftermath of global warming any better? “The hills melted like wax” – floods are to follow! * * * A recent NASA paper in Nature found that the world's fastest glacier, called the Jakobshavn Isbrae, nearly doubled its speed from 1997 to 2003. The speedy ice stream's quickening coincided with a break up of the floating ice that extends from the glacier out into the ocean, called an ice tongue. In 2003, this one glacier added to the world's oceans an amount of water equal to about 4 percent of the estimated rate of sea level rise. http://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/lookingatearth/icecover.html - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 236 April 18 - The Red River of the North breaks through dikes and floods Grand Forks, North Dakota and East Grand Forks, Minnesota, causing US$ 2 billion in damage. July 7 - The Great Flood begins in southern Poland. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 237 Tornados [Keywords: clouds, lightnings] The keyword “clouds” and “lightnings” warn us to expect tornados within 1997. The second deadliest tornado of the 1990s hit the US in 1997. * * * May 27 - The second-deadliest tornado of the 1990s hits in Jarrell, Texas, killing 27 people. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 238 Lights in the Sky [Key phrases: Light is sown, all the people see his glory] 1997 was the year comet Hale-Bopp made its appearance above the Earth. The Phoenix Lights, (“light is sown”), were observed the same year. * * * Its lengthy period of visibility and extensive coverage in the media meant that Hale-Bopp was probably the most-observed comet in history, making a far greater impact on the general public than the return of Halley's Comet in 1986, and certainly seen by a greater number of people than witnessed any of Halley's previous appearances. For instance, 69% of Americans had seen Hale-Bopp by April 9, 1997. It was a record-breaking comet—the furthest comet from the Sun discovered by amateurs, with the largest well-measured cometary nucleus known after 95P/Chiron, and it was visible to the naked eye for twice as long as the previous record-holder. It was also brighter than magnitude 0 for eight weeks, longer than any other recorded comet. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comet_Hale-Bopp - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 239 March 13 - The Phoenix Lights are seen over Phoenix, AZ. March 22 - The comet Hale-Bopp makes its closest approach to Earth. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * * March 26 - In San Diego, California, 39 Heaven's Gate cultists commit mass suicide at their compound. in March 1997, the Heaven's Gate cult chose the appearance of the comet as a signal for their mass cult suicide. They claimed they were leaving their earthly bodies to travel to the spaceship following the comet. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Comet_Hale-Bopp - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 240 Solar Eclipse & Power Outages [Keyword: darkness] A solar eclipse within 1997 is hinted with the keyword “darkness”, which also alludes to power outages. * * * March 9 - A solar eclipse in China, Mongolia and eastern Siberia [allowed observers there to see the Hale-Bopp comet in the daytime]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 241 Inauguration [Keywords: reigneth, throne] 1997 is the year Bill Clinton was inaugurated for his second term. As we have seen in 1993, the keywords “reigneth” and “throne” signaled the inauguration of his first term just the same. * * * January 20 - U.S. President Bill Clinton is inaugurated for his second term. May 2 - Tony Blair is appointed Prime Minister of the United Kingdom by Elizabeth II. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 242 Space Missions [Key phrase: high above all the earth] Space missions are almost always hinted with the key phrases “high above”, and “high above all the earth”. More space missions are hinted in the 97th Psalm that would be carried out throughout 1997. * * * February 13 - STS-82: Tune-up and repair work on the Hubble Space Telescope is started by astronauts from Space Shuttle Discovery. April 21 - A Pegasus rocket carries the remains of 24 people into earth orbit, in the first space burial. June 25 - An unmanned Progress spacecraft collides with the Russian space station Mir. October 15 - NASA launches the Cassini-Huygens probe to Saturn. November 27 - NASA's Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission is launched, the start of the satellite component of the Clouds and the Earth's Radiant Energy System. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 243 Mars Expedition [Keyword: Zion] The biblical “Zion” is synonymous with “Mars” – the planet. * * * July 4 - NASA's Pathfinder space probe lands on the surface of Mars. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 244 Environmental Issues [Keyword: habitation] The dictionary definition of habititation is “a dwelling place”. The Earth is one big and so far the only dwelling place for us the mankind. Keeping it clean, unlittered, and unpolluted is the least we can do in return for all the things she offers us for free! * * * December 3 - In Ottawa, Canada, representatives from 121 countries sign a treaty prohibiting the manufacture and deployment of anti-personnel land mines. However, the United States, the People's Republic of China, and Russia do not sign the treaty. December 11 - The Kyoto Protocol is adopted by a United Nations committee. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 245 Record Breakers and Firsts [Keywords: exalted, far above all] Firsts, and “firstborns” are valued and “exalted” in the Bible. Several firsts were to happen in 1997, and several world records were to be set. * * * March 22 - Tara Lipinski, 14, becomes the youngest women's world figure skating champion. April 21 - A Pegasus rocket carries the remains of 24 people into earth orbit, in the first space burial. September 7 - The F-22 Raptor makes its first test flight. October 4 - One million men gather for Promise Keepers' "Stand in the Gap" event in Washington, DC. [Largest gathering of men in American history, surpassing even the Million Man March]. October 4 - The second largest cash robbery in U.S. history ($17.3 million, mostly in small bills) occurs at the Charlotte, North Carolina office of Wells Fargo. An FBI investigation eventually results in 24 convictions and the recovery of approximately 95% of the stolen cash.
  • 246 October 15 - Andy Green sets the first supersonic land speed record for the ThrustSSC team, led by Richard Noble of the UK. ThrustSSC goes through the flying mile course at Black Rock Desert, Nevada at an average speed of 1,227.985 km/h (763.035 mph). October 16 - The first color photograph appears on the front page of the New York Times. October 27 - Stock markets around the world crash because of a global economic crisis scare. The Dow Jones Industrial Average follows suit and plummets 554.26, or 7.18%, to 7,161.15. The points loss exceeds the loss from Black Monday. Officials at the New York Stock Exchange for the first time invoke the "circuit breaker" rule to stop trading. October 28 - In the U.S., the Dow Jones Industrial Average gains a record 337.17 points, closing at 7,498.32. One billion shares are traded on the New York Stock Exchange for the first time ever. November 10 - Telecom companies WorldCom and MCI Communications announce a US$37 billion merger to form MCI WorldCom (the largest merger in U.S. history). November 19 - In Des Moines, Iowa, Bobbi McCaughey gives birth to septuplets in the second known case where all 7 babies are born alive, and the first in which all survive infancy. December 19 - The highest-grossing movie of all time, James Cameron's Titanic, premiers in the U.S. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 247 Commemorations [Keyword: remembrance] Several commemorations were observed in 1997, bringing millions of people together for the events. * * * September 6 - The funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales takes place at Westminster Abbey, watched by over 2 billion people worldwide. September 6 - A Jean Michel Jarre Oxygene in Moscow concert, celebrating the city's 850th anniversary, draws 3.5 million people. September 5 - Mother Theresa of Calcutta dies of heart failure in Kolkata, India. October 17 - The remains of Che Guevara are laid to rest with full military honours in a specially built mausoleum in the city of Santa Clara, Cuba, where he had won the decisive battle of the Cuban Revolution 39 years before. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1997 - Accessed May 1, 2009. * * *
  • 248 2000 • The New Millennium Celebration • The Year of Genetics • The Great Planetary Alignment
  • 249 Psalms 100: 1 <<A Psalm of praise.>> Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all ye lands. 2 Serve the LORD with gladness: come before his presence with singing. 3 Know ye that the LORD he is God: it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture. 4 Enter into his gates with thanksgiving, and into his courts with praise: be thankful unto him, and bless his name. 5 For the LORD is good; his mercy is everlasting; and his truth endureth to all generations.
  • 250 Introduction Year 2000 marks the first year of a new millennium – the third since the birth of Christ. The first two verses ask the people of the world to celebrate the event, the arrival of the new millennium, and “Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all ye lands”. Year 2000 is co-remembered as the year major advances in genetics were accomplished. The 100th Psalm, spared for the events of year 2000, is clear in the third verse: “Know ye that the LORD he is God; it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves” in allusion to genetic research and God’s credit and role in the creation of genes - the basis of any and all genetic research. If there is a field such as “genetics”, it is because there are “genes” – God’s signature in the blueprint of man. Finally, the verses end with the line “and his truth endureth to all generations” in allusion to the spectacular capability of a single gene’s endurance in carrying the imprint, “the truth” of its owner for generations, for millenniums.
  • 251 The New Millennium Celebration [Key phrase: Make a joyful noise unto the LORD, all ye lands, come before his presence with singing] Without a doubt, a thousand years is a long period of time in human terms. However, for God, a thousand years is just a day! Our millenniums mark only a single day on Lord’s Calendar. Psalms 90:4 For a thousand years in thy sight are but as yesterday when it is past, and as a watch in the night. The opening verses of the Psalm demand a celebration, “come before his presence with singing”, “make a joyful noise”. What is to celebrate? Why make a joyful noise? The very next verse gives the answer: “it is he that made us; and not we ourselves”
  • 252 The creation of man! This comes as no surprise as that is what the Jewish New Year celebration Rosh Hashanah is all about – a New Year celebration and a commemoration of the creation of man. January 1, 2000 was not the official date of Rosh Hashanah (Jewish New Year) observance. Yet, the verses call for one regardless, almost just for the occasion, as it indeed was a new year and a new millennium, but only on the Gregorian calendar. A millennium equals to a thousand years. Year 2000 was the third millennium since the birth of Jesus Christ – the start of the Gregorian calendar. The Gregorian calendar was proposed by a doctor (Dr. Aloysius Lilius), and decreed by a Pope (Gregory XIII), after whom it was named on February 24, 1582. Unlike the Gregorian calendar that bases its start on the birth of Jesus Christ, the Jewish/Hebrew calendar bases its start on the creation of the world.
  • 253 … adding 3760 before Rosh Hashanah [Jewish New Year] or 3761 after to a Julian or Gregorian year number after 1 CE will yield the Hebrew year. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jewish_calendar - Accessed June 1, 2009. * * * The year 2000, then, points to year 5761 on the Jewish/Hebrew calendar – not a nice and round number as 2000 is. The new millennium was observed only on the Gregorian calendar in year 2000. The equivalent year 5761 is not a millennium year on the Jewish calendar. The closest millennium year on the Jewish calendar would be year 6000. In between the lines, through the recognition of the Gregorian calendar/millennium based on Christ’s birth, the 100th Psalm makes a reference to Jesus Christ, and his potential return within it.
  • 254 The Year of Genetics [Key phrases: it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves; we are his people, and the sheep of his pasture, his truth endureth to all generations] Adam & Eve http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Albrecht_D%C3%BCrer_002.jpg – Accessed June 1, 2009. * * *
  • 255 In May 2000, scientists in Japan and Germany reported in the May 18 issue of Nature that they have unraveled the genome of human chromosome 21, already known to be involved with Down syndrome, Alzheimer's disease, Usher syndrome and Lou Gehrig's disease. In June 2000, The Human Genome Project (HGP) consortium announced a major milestone: It has assembled 85 percent of the sequence of the human genome - the genetic blueprint for a human being. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_events_in_NHGRI_history - Accessed June 1, 2009. * * * The year was 2000, the dawn of the new millennium. The 100th Psalm is a short one – only five verses. It is mainly devoted to genetics and the celebration of the new millennium – a rather thought provoking two subjects to mention at once! Finally, man, created by the Lord, has succeeded in “mapping” the genetic blueprint of himself - right at the dawn of a new millennium.
  • 256 The third verse reads: “it is he that hath made us, and not we ourselves” in allusion to the genetic blueprint of man (and the Creator of it all), now for the first time in history, almost (85%) complete. The third verse ends with the line: “we are his people and the sheep of his pasture” in reference to Dolly the sheep – the first mammal to be cloned by man. In between the lines, the Bible hints how “cloning” may precisely be the way us, the mankind, might have been first created! In Genesis 1:27, we read: So God created man in his own image, in the image of God created he him; male and female created he them. What was created at that moment in time, on Day Six of Creation, had no life or form. The male and female that were created on Day Six could possibly have been just “genes” of the future Adam and Eve, cloned to God’s [DNA] image first! It is later in Genesis 2:7 that we read:
  • 257 And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul. The form, the body of Adam, and later Eve, were shaped and provided much later than the creation [through cloning] of their genes! * * *
  • 258 Dolly Dolly (July 5, 1996 – February 14, 2003), was a female domestic sheep remarkable in being the first mammal to be cloned from an adult somatic cell, using the process of nuclear transfer.She was cloned by Ian Wilmut, Keith Campbell and colleagues at the Roslin Institute in Edinburgh, Scotland. She was born on July 5, 1996 and she lived until the age of six and was dubbed "the world's most famous sheep" by Scientific American. The cell used as the donor for the cloning of Dolly was taken from a mammary gland, and the production of a healthy clone therefore proved that a cell taken from a specific part of the body that could recreate a whole individual. As Dolly was cloned from part of a mammary gland, she was named after the famously busty country western singer Dolly Parton. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dolly_the_sheep - Accessed June 1, 2009.
  • 259 The biblical millennium started in year 1990 as illustrated in the 90th Psalm authored by Moses. Our calendar, then, is 10 years ahead of the biblical one. But, God is aware of both calendars. He has date- stamped and provided the events highlighted in Psalms according to our calendar. As the context of the 90th Psalm illustrates, the new millennium is to host the “wrath” and “anger” of the Lord. We have the Gulf War in 1991, the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1992, the Great Flood and the first World Trade Center bombing in 1993, 9/11 attacks, Second Gulf War, the AIDS epidemic, the mad cow disease, the bird flu, the swine flu, global warming, droughts, earthquakes, tsunamis, floods and financial crises that killed, wounded or hurt hundreds of thousands of people all around the world ever after. All in all, the journey of man’s time-travel from a single gene to a full-blown man commemorated in year 2000 with a world human population that now passed the 6 billion mark.
  • 260 The Great Planetary Alignment [Key phrases: Serve the LORD with gladness: come before his presence] May 5, 2000 Planetary Alignment http://adishakti.org/images/may_5-2000_planet_alignment.jpeg - Accessed June 1, 2009. * * * The Psalms, as we have seen in the study of year 1982, in its outmost layer, foretells the major events destined to take place in our Solar System just the same.
  • 261 If we re-read the entire Psalm, all five verses, and picture the audience who is invited to celebrate a major event as planets, rather than people, we end up with an inter-planetary interpretation of the year 2000. The planets, “all ye lands” or “the sheep of [Lord’s] pasture” are invited to: 1. “Serve the Lord with gladness” – to continue observing their orbits. 2. “Come before his presence”, “enter into his gates” and “into his courts” – to come closer to the Sun. In May 2000, the five brightest planets aligned within 20° of the Sun, as seen from the Earth. This could not be observed since they were too close to the Sun. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Planetary_conjunction - Accessed June 1, 2009. * * *
  • 262 On May 5, 2000 the planets Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn will be more or less positioned in a line with the Sun. Additionally, the Moon will be almost lined up between the Earth and Sun. Although this has led to many dire predictions of global catastrophes such as melting ice caps, floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, etc. there is absolutely no scientific basis for these claims. The distance to the planets is too great for their gravity, magnetic fields, radiation, etc. to have any discernible effect on Earth. In fact, we won't even be able to see this alignment, as all the planets will be on the opposite side of the Sun from the Earth. http://nssdc.gsfc.nasa.gov/planetary/alignment.html - Accessed June 1, 2009. * * * The “planetary” interpretation of the verses begs that we turn our eyes to the Sun [symbolized in the verses as The Lord]. For starters, the year 2000 was a solar-max year.
  • 263 Solar Maximum The Sun with some sunspots is visible. The two small spots in the middle have about the same diameter as our planet Earth http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Sun920607.jpg – Accessed June 1, 2009. * * * Solar maximum or solar max is the period of greatest solar activity in the solar cycle of the sun. During solar maximum, sunspots appear. Solar maximum is contrasted with solar minimum. Solar maximum is the period when the sun's magnetic field lines are the most distorted due to the magnetic field on the solar equator rotating at a slightly faster pace than at the solar poles. The sun takes about 11 years to go from one solar maximum to another and 22 years to complete a full cycle (where the magnetic charge on the poles is the same). http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_maximum - Accessed June 1, 2009.
  • 264 Something very strange happened on the Sun during March 2000. The south magnetic pole of the Sun faded away! A Star [the Sun] with two North Poles An ultraviolet image of the Sun at solar maximum Image credit: SOHO http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2003/22apr_currentsheet.htm - Accessed June 1, 2009. * * *
  • 265 Normally, our star [the Sun], like Earth itself, has a north and a south magnetic pole. But for nearly a month beginning in March 2000, the Sun's south magnetic pole faded, and a north pole emerged to take its place. The Sun had two north poles. "It sounds impossible, but it's true," says space physicist Pete Riley of Science Applications International Corporation (SAIC) in San Diego. "In fact, it's a fairly normal side-effect of the solar cycle." Every 11 years around solar maximum, the Sun's magnetic field goes haywire as the Sun's underlying magnetic dynamo reorganizes itself. The March 2000 event was simply a part of that upheaval. "The south pole never really vanished," notes Riley. It migrated north and, for a while, became a band of south magnetic flux smeared around the Sun's equator. By May 2000 the south pole had returned to its usual spot near the Sun's southern spin axis--but not for long. In 2001 the solar magnetic field completely flipped; the south and north poles swapped positions, which is how they remain now. [As of April, 2003.] http://science.nasa.gov/headlines/y2003/22apr_currentsheet.htm - Accessed June 1, 2009. * * *
  • 266 MINIMA AND MAXIMA OF SUNSPOT NUMBER CYCLES Sunspot Year Smallest Year Largest Rise Fall Cycle Cycle of Smoothed of Smoothed to Max to Min Length Number Min* Monthly Mean** Max* Monthly Mean** (Yrs) (Yrs) (Yrs) - 1610.8 -- 1615.5 -- 4.7 3.5 8.2 - 1619.0 -- 1626.0 -- 7.0 8.0 15.0 - 1634.0 -- 1639.5 -- 5.5 5.5 11.0 - 1645.0 -- 1649.0 -- 4.0 6.0 10.0 - 1655.0 -- 1660.0 -- 5.0 6.0 11.0 - 1666.0 -- 1675.0 -- 9.0 4.5 13.5 - 1679.5 -- 1685.0 -- 5.5 4.5 10.0 - 1689.5 -- 1693.0 -- 3.5 5.0 8.5 - 1698.0 -- 1705.5 -- 7.5 6.5 14.0 - 1712.0 -- 1718.2 -- 6.2 5.3 11.5 - 1723.5 -- 1727.5 -- 4.0 6.5 10.5 - 1734.0 -- 1738.7 -- 4.7 6.3 11.0 - 1745.0 -- 1750.3 92.6 5.3 4.9 10.2 1 1755.2 8.4 1761.5 86.5 6.3 5.0 11.3 2 1766.5 11.2 1769.7 115.8 3.2 5.8 9.0 3 1775.5 7.2 1778.4 158.5 2.9 6.3 9.2 4 1784.7 9.5 1788.1 141.2 3.4 10.2 13.6 5 1798.3 3.2 1805.2 49.2 6.9 5.4 12.3 6 1810.6 0.0 1816.4 48.7 5.8 6.9 12.7 7 1823.3 0.1 1829.9 71.7 6.6 4.0 10.6 8 1833.9 7.3 1837.2 146.9 3.3 6.3 9.6 9 1843.5 10.5 1848.1 131.6 4.6 7.9 12.5 10 1856.0 3.2 1860.1 97.9 4.1 7.1 11.2 11 1867.2 5.2 1870.6 140.5 3.4 8.3 11.7 12 1878.9 2.2 1883.9 74.6 5.0 5.7 10.7 13 1889.6 5.0 1894.1 87.9 4.5 7.6 12.1 14 1901.7 2.6 1907.0 64.2 5.3 6.6 11.9 15 1913.6 1.5 1917.6 105.4 4.0 6.0 10.0 16 1923.6 5.6 1928.4 78.1 4.8 5.4 10.2 17 1933.8 3.4 1937.4 119.2 3.6 6.8 10.4 18 1944.2 7.7 1947.5 151.8 3.3 6.8 10.1 19 1954.3 3.4 1957.9 201.3 3.6 7.0 10.6
  • 267 20 1964.9 9.6 1968.9 110.6 4.0 7.6 11.6 21 1976.5 12.2 1979.9 164.5 3.4 6.9 10.3 22 1986.8 12.3 1989.6 158.5 2.8 6.8 9.7 23 1996.4*** 8.0 2000.3*** 120.8 4.0 Mean Cycle Values: 6.1 113.2 4.7 6.3 11.0 * When observations permit, a date selected as either a cycle minimum or maximum is based in part on an average of the times extremes are reached in the monthly mean sunspot number, in the smoothed monthly mean sunspot number, and in the monthly mean number of spot groups alone. Two more measures are used at time of sunspot minimum: the number of spotless days and the frequency of occurrence of "old" and "new" cycle spot groups. ** The smoothed monthly mean sunspot number is defined here as the arithmetic average of two sequential 12-month running means of monthly mean numbers. *** May 1996 marks the mathematical minimum of Cycle 23. October 1996 marks the consensus minimum determined by an international group of solar physicists. April 2000 marks the mathematical maximum of Cycle 23. However, several other solar indices (e.g., 10.7 cm solar radio flux) recorded a higher secondary maximum in late 2001. ftp://ftp.ngdc.noaa.gov/STP/SOLAR_DATA/SUNSPOT_NUMBERS/maxmin.ne w - Accessed June 1, 2009 * * *
  • 268 2002 • High-Speed Communications • AIDS • Bird-Flu • Mars Expeditions • Human Cloning • Change in Earth’s Surface • Illinois Death Row Clemency • The Godless Americans March • The Earth Summit
  • 269 Psalms 102: 1 <<A Prayer of the afflicted, when he is overwhelmed, and poureth out his complaint before the LORD.>> Hear my prayer, O LORD, and let my cry come unto thee. 2 Hide not thy face from me in the day when I am in trouble; incline thine ear unto me: in the day when I call answer me speedily. 3 For my days are consumed like smoke, and my bones are burned as an hearth. 4 My heart is smitten, and withered like grass; so that I forget to eat my bread. 5 By reason of the voice of my groaning my bones cleave to my skin. 6 I am like a pelican of the wilderness: I am like an owl of the desert. 7 I watch, and am as a sparrow alone upon the house top. 8 Mine enemies reproach me all the day; and they that are mad against me are sworn against me. 9 For I have eaten ashes like bread, and mingled my drink with weeping, 10 Because of thine indignation and thy wrath: for thou hast lifted me up, and cast me down.
  • 270 11 My days are like a shadow that declineth; and I am withered like grass. 12 But thou, O LORD, shalt endure for ever; and thy remembrance unto all generations. 13 Thou shalt arise, and have mercy upon Zion: for the time to favour her, yea, the set time, is come. 14 For thy servants take pleasure in her stones, and favour the dust thereof. 15 So the heathen shall fear the name of the LORD, and all the kings of the earth thy glory. 16 When the LORD shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory. 17 He will regard the prayer of the destitute, and not despise their prayer. 18 This shall be written for the generation to come: and the people which shall be created shall praise the LORD. 19 For he hath looked down from the height of his sanctuary; from heaven did the LORD behold the earth; 20 To hear the groaning of the prisoner; to loose those that are appointed to death; 21 To declare the name of the LORD in Zion, and his praise in Jerusalem;
  • 271 22 When the people are gathered together, and the kingdoms, to serve the LORD. 23 He weakened my strength in the way; he shortened my days. 24 I said, O my God, take me not away in the midst of my days: thy years are throughout all generations. 25 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands. 26 They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed: 27 But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end. 28 The children of thy servants shall continue, and their seed shall be established before thee.
  • 272 Introduction It is hard to believe but Psalms, written almost 3,000 years ago, foretells the advances in high-speed communications of 2002 with the key phrase: “when I call answer me speedily”! 3G, third generation of telecommunication hardware standards, became commercially available to consumers in year 2002. About half of the 102nd Psalms is devoted to two diseases – AIDS and the bird-flu. “My days are like a shadow that declineth; and I am withered like grass” alludes to the speedy aging process of AIDS. The rare mentioning of certain bird species within the verses found in 102nd Psalm, namely “pelican”, “owl” and “sparrow” accompanied by the “prayer of the afflicted” mentioned in the first verse, allude to the bird-flu. The first human infection of bird-flu in the U.S. occurred in 2002.
  • 273 As we shall study in detail later in this book, Zion of the Bible is synonymous with the planet Mars. 2002 is the year The Mars Odyssey found signs of large water ice deposits on Mars. The 18th verse speaks of “the people which shall be created”. On December 27, 2002, Clonaid's (a human cloning company) chief executive, Brigitte Boisselier, claimed that a baby clone, named Eve, was born. 2002 is also the year major changes on Earth’s surface started to take place, such as the disintegration of a large section of the Antarctic Larsen Ice Shelf, the Kolka-Karmadon rock ice slide and the European floods - hinted in the verses with the phrase “as a vesture shalt thou change them [the Earth and the heavens] and they shall be changed”. The 20th verse reads: “To hear the groaning of the prisoner; to loose those that are appointed to death”.
  • 274 George Ryan, the governor of Illinois, eleven days after the end of 2002, “on January 11, 2003, just days before leaving office, commuted (to "life" terms) the sentences of everyone on or waiting to be sent to Illinois' death row – a total of 167 convicts – due to his belief that the death penalty could not be administered fairly. He also pardoned four inmates”. The 15th verse speaks of “the heathen” that “shall fear the name of the LORD”. Who are the heathen that the verse alludes to? The Godless Americans! The Godless Americans March that “occurred in Washington, DC on November 2, 2002 was reported as including over two thousand atheists, freethinkers, agnostics and humanists in a mile-long parade down The Mall”. Finally, the Earth Summit (a.k.a. Johannesburg Summit) of 2002 held in South Africa brought several heads of the state together, hinted in the verses with the phrase “all the kings of the earth”, and “when the people are gathered together, and the kingdoms”.
  • 275 High-Speed Communications [Key phrase: when I call answer me speedily] The second verse could not be clearer in defining the advances in telecommunications destined to happen in year 2002. 3G, third generation of telecommunication hardware standards, became commercially available to consumers in year 2002. 3G is the third generation of telecommunication hardware standards and general technology for mobile networking, superseding 2.5G. It is based on the International Telecommunication Union (ITU) family of standards under the IMT-2000.
  • 276 3G networks enable network operators to offer users a wider range of more advanced services while achieving greater network capacity through improved spectral efficiency. Services include wide-area wireless voice telephone, video calls, and broadband wireless data, all in a mobile environment. Additional features also include HSPA data transmission capabilities, which provides users with data rates up to 14.4 Mbit/s on the downlink and 5.8 Mbit/s on the uplink. The first pre-commercial 3G network was launched by NTT DoCoMo in Japan branded FOMA, in May 2001 on a pre-release of W-CDMA technology. The first commercial launch of 3G was also by NTT DoCoMo in Japan on October 1, 2001, although it was initially somewhat limited in scope; broader availability was delayed by apparent concerns over reliability. The second network to go commercially live was by SK Telecom in South Korea on the 1xEV- DO technology in January 2002. By May 2002 the second South Korean 3G network was by KTF on EV-DO and thus the Koreans were the first to see competition among 3G operators. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/3G - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * *
  • 277 AIDS [Key phrases: for my days are consumed like smoke, and my bones are burned as an hearth, my bones cleave to my skin, my days are like a shadow that declineth, I am withered like grass, He weakened my strength in the way, he shortened my days] An AIDS Patient http://science.nationalgeographic.com/staticfiles/NGS/Shared/StaticFiles/Scien ce/Images/Content/aids-patient-984747-ga.jpg - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * *
  • 278 The key phrases describe the pains caused by a deadly disease - AIDS – some of which are loss of substantial amount of weight (“my bones cleave to my skin”) and rapid aging (“I am withered like grass”). The sixth and the seventh verses describe the solitude and the quarantined life of an AIDS patient with the verses: 6 I am like a pelican of the wilderness: I am like an owl of the desert. 7 I watch, and am as a sparrow alone upon the house top. A two-year World AIDS Campaign was launched in 2002 by the Joint United Nations Programme on AIDS.
  • 279 World AIDS Day Berkeley, California (Monday, November 25, 2002) December 1, 2002 marks the 15th annual World AIDS Day, the purpose of which is to support the estimated 36.1 million people across the world living with HIV. This year, World AIDS Day coincides with the two-year World AIDS Campaign 2002- 2003. The Campaign’s focus on eliminating stigma and discrimination is reflected in its slogan “Live and Let Live.” Stigma and discrimination are the major obstacles to effective HIV/AIDS prevention and care. Fear of discrimination may prevent people from seeking treatment for AIDS or from acknowledging their HIV status publicly. People with or suspected of having HIV may be turned away from health care services, denied housing and employment, shunned by their friends and colleagues, turned down for insurance coverage or refused entry into foreign countries.
  • 280 In some cases, they may be evicted from their homes by their families, divorced by their spouses, and suffer physical violence or even murder. The stigma attached to HIV/AIDS may extend into the next generation, placing an emotional burden on children who may also be trying to cope with the death of their parents from AIDS. http://www.ci.berkeley.ca.us/news/2002/11nov/112502worldaidsday. html - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * * Live and Let Live Poster http://www.who.int/mediacentre/events/letlive/en/index.html - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * *
  • 281 Bird-Flu [Keywords: pelican, owl, sparrow, the afflicted] As we read the 102nd Psalm, all of a sudden we are given the names of certain bird species, namely “pelican”, “owl” and “sparrow”. The context of the verses alludes to the pains of an AIDS patient. While describing the AIDS epidemic, the same Psalm hints us about another – the bird flu. Both diseases are infectious and transmissible from human to human. Both diseases are deadly. AIDS has no known cure; Bird-flu is somewhat treatable with Tamiflu. The “afflicted” or the infected is usually quarantined in both diseases. AIDS is believed to have spread from monkeys, and the bird-flu, from birds.
  • 282 AIDS traced to African monkeys Friday, June 13, 2003 LONDON, England -- An international group of scientists has traced the ancestry of the virus that caused AIDS back to strains found in African monkeys. Two different monkey virus strains combined in chimpanzees to create the HIV virus which was then passed on to humans, the scientists told the journal Science. Earlier studies had shown that humans contracted the virus that attacks the immune system from chimps, but were unable to determine where the chimps got the virus from. More than 25 million people have been killed by the AIDS virus that kills white blood cells and causes the body to become defenceless against infections with an estimated 40 million people living with HIV, according to a report by the U.N. last year. http://edition.cnn.com/2003/HEALTH/conditions/06/13/monkeys.ai d/ - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * * The first human infection of bird-flu occurred in US in 2002.
  • 283 Mars Expeditions [Keyword: Zion] Artistic impression of the 2001 Mars Odyssey on Martian orbit http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2002 - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * * As our year 2008 study will further illustrate, the biblical Zion points to planet Mars.
  • 284 Year 2002 was a milestone in Mars expeditions. For the first time in history, large amount of water ice deposits were located in Mars. The water on Mars was good news! After all, no water, no life. All of a sudden mankind could now count on Mars for a possible future, a possible life on its current desert soil. 13 Thou shalt arise, and have mercy upon Zion: for the time to favour her, yea, the set time, is come. 14 For thy servants take pleasure in her stones, and favour the dust thereof. 16 When the LORD shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory. * * * February 19 [2002] - NASA's Mars Odyssey space probe begins to map the surface of Mars using its thermal emission imaging system. May 26 [2002] - The Mars Odyssey finds signs of large water ice deposits on the planet Mars. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2002 - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * *
  • 285 Human Cloning [Key phrase: the people which shall be created] Brigitte Boisselier (left) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brigitte_Boisselier - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * * The 18th verse is clear: “The people which shall be created shall praise the LORD” - in allusion to the first human clones, “the people which shall be created”, cloned in, yes, year 2002.
  • 286 On Friday December 27, 2002, Boisselier, a Raëlian bishop and CEO of Clonaid, announced at press conference in Hollywood, Florida that Clonaid had successfully performed the first human reproductive cloning. Boisselier said that the mother delivered Eve by Caesarean section somewhere outside the United States and that both were healthy. Dr. Boisselier did not present the mother or child, or DNA samples that would allow for confirmation of her claim at the press conference. It has subsequently become apparent that she announced the birth before genetic testing to evaluate whether the child in question is actually a clone: Dr. Boisselier was therefore stating her belief that her procedure had resulted in a clone, not announcing results showing that the child was a clone. Shortly after the announcement, Korean prosecutors raided the offices of Clonaid's Korean branch, BioFusion Tech. In the process, the prosecutors removed records from homes and offices while barring two representatives of BioFusion Tech from leaving the country. An official company statement revealed that three Korean women applied to become surrogate mothers. Officials of BioFusion Tech told the prosecutors that 10 Korean women wanted to clone themselves and have filled out applications. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clonaid - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * *
  • 287 Human Cloning Human cloning is the creation of a genetically identical copy of a human being (not usually referring monozygotic multiple births), human cell, or human tissue. In December 2002, Clonaid, the medical arm of a religion called Raëlism, who believe that aliens introduced human life on Earth, claimed to have successfully cloned a human being. They claim that aliens taught them how to perform cloning, even though the company has no record of having successfully cloned any previous animal. A spokesperson said an independent agency would prove that the baby, named Evá, is in fact an exact copy of her mother. Shortly thereafter, the testing was cancelled, with the spokesperson claiming the decision would ultimately be left up to Evá's parents. In December 2004, Dr. Brigitte Boisselier, Clonaid's Chief Executive, claimed in a letter to the UN that Clonaid has successfully cloned thirteen children; however, to protect them, their identities cannot be revealed to the public. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Human_cloning - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * *
  • 288 Change in Earth’s Surface [Key phrases: as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed] Stromboli Volcanic Island http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stromboli - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * * The 26th verse hints us to expect a change in the “vesture”, the “clothing” of the Earth during 2002. The global climate change related events caused average global temperatures in 2002 to be the highest ever recorded. Several catastrophes followed.
  • 289 On January 31, 2002 a large section of the Antartic Larsen Ice Shelf began disintegrating, consuming about 3,250 km (1,254 miles) over 35 days. During August 2002, European floods ravaged Central Europe. In August 2002 a 100-year flood caused by over a week of continuous heavy rains ravaged Europe, killing dozens, dispossessing thousands, and causing damage of billions of euros in the Czech Republic, Austria, Germany, Slovakia, Poland, Hungary, Romania and Croatia. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2002_European_floods - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * * On September 20, 2002, the Kolka –Karmadon rock-ice slide occurred.
  • 290 The Kolka-Karmadon Rock-Ice Slide The Kolka-Karmadon rock-ice slide occurred on the northern slope of the Kazbek massif in North Ossetia, Russia on September 20, 2002 following a partial collapse of the Kolka Glacier. It started on the north- northeast wall of Dzhimarai-Khokh (4780 m or 15,682 feet above sea level) and seriously affected the valley of Genaldon and Karmadon. The resulting avalanche and mudflow killed 125 people (including a film crew of 27 people and Russian actor Sergei Bodrov Jr.). A 500 foot (150 meter) thick chunk of the Kolka Glacier travelled 20 miles (32 km) down the Karmadon Gorge and Koban Valley at over 62 miles per hour (100 km/h). The outflow of mud and debris measured 200 meters wide and 10 to 100 meters thick. Two villages along the gorge were under surveillance as flood waters backed up along the choked rivers. It finally came to rest in the village of Nijni Karmadon burying most of the village in ice, snow, and debris. On September 25, a first round of explosives intended to break up the avalanche flow was unsuccessful in reducing flood waters lapping through the village of Gornaya Saniba. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kolka-Karmadon_rock_ice_slide - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * *
  • 291 Finally, on December 30, 2002 an eruption on the volcanic island Stromboli off the coast of Sicily caused a flank failure and tsunami. The island was later evacuated. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2002 - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * * The mentioned events were all aftermath of a change in the environment, the surface of the Earth, mostly due to global climate change. 25 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands. 26 They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed:
  • 292 The Extreme Events of 2002 (EEI) [January-June 2002] Saturday, 01 June 2002 Italy, Turkey, Greece, Bulgaria – Worst winter in nearly four decades. Japan reported its first case of human casualty after the discovery of mad cow disease. A rare winter drought condition continued to threaten the water supply of the eastern states of U.S. Affected states include New Jersey, New York, Maine, Vermont, Maryland, North and South Carolina, and Georgia. Northeast also had the warmest winter in decades. Extremely high temperatures combined with dry winds hit southern India from May 10 to May 16. ___________________________________________ January Italy, Turkey, Greece, Bulgaria Snowstorm Death toll: 9 The worst winter storm in nearly four decades for buried southeastern Europe with heavy snow falls. Athens was covered by up to 8 inches of snow, a unusual phenomenon. In Italy, some canals in Venice froze for the first time in seventeen years. Even the Egyptian capital, Cairo, which is on the opposite side of the Mediterranean felt the cold temperature and received heavy rain. Normally, rainfalls occur only three times a year. ___________________________________________ January Poland Severe winter weather Poland experienced one of its harshest winters in decades. Since last October, weather related death toll has reached 225.
  • 293 ___________________________________________ January-February North America Record warmth Most areas experienced above normal weather. State of Wisconsin had its warmest January in 108 years. ___________________________________________ January Japan Mad cow disease Japan reported its first case of human casualty after the discovery of mad cow disease. ___________________________________________ January-March Eastern U.S. Drought A rare winter drought condition continued to threaten the water supply of the eastern states of U.S. Affected states include New Jersey, New York, Maine, Vermont, Maryland, North and South Carolina, and Georgia. Northeast also had the warmest winter in decades. ___________________________________________ January-March New Mexico, Oklahoma, Wyoming, and Montana, U.S.A. Severe drought These states are much less populated than eastern states. However, severe drought can easily cause wide-spread forest fires in these states. ___________________________________________ January-March Gulf area, U.S.A. Temperatures extremes
  • 294 The daily high and low temperatures of New Orleans from January 2002 to early March 2002 were either well above or well below normal. Record temperatures above 80 as well as rare occurrences of snowfall in January alone. ___________________________________________ February Bolivia Hailstorm Death toll: 50 Flash floods caused by a strange hailstorm killed 50 and injured 150 in La Paz, Bolivia's capital. ___________________________________________ March Ecuador Torrential storms Landslides and floods caused by two-week long torrential rains killed 13 and left 6,000 homeless. A newly born El Niño in Pacific may extend the rainy season which typically runs from November to April furthermore. ___________________________________________ March Northern China Drought and Sandstorm Three years of persistent drought in the area not only create agricultural production downturn, but also sent the worst sandstorm ever to the capital of China, Beijing. Most sandstorm originating from Mongolia Republic traveled southward then eastward to reach the populated east coast provinces of China. The winter drought condition extend eastward to Taiwan for the first time. Japan and Korea also felt effects of sandstorm of a lesser scale and the sand is expected to reach the west coast of the United States in about one week after Beijing's storm.
  • 295 ___________________________________________ March Hong Kong Red tides Red tides have been observed near Hong Kong's shoreline. Red tides are results of single-celled algae blooms which form visible brownish clusters near the surface of the water. Usually the red tides are non- toxic. A small number of species can produce neurotoxin which is lethal to shellfish, fish, birds, and marine mammals. ___________________________________________ March Hindu Kush Region,Afghanistan Earthquakes Death toll: 3/3/2002: 100 3/25/2002: 800-1,200 (and 100,000 homeless) The earthquake on March 25 (6.1 on Richter's Scale) is weaker than the one on March 3 (7.4) in the same region. But its center is only 6 km from the surface and make it a shallow earthquake and has more killing power. ___________________________________________ March Alaska, U.S. Record snow fall 25.7" of snow fell upon Anchorage, Alaska on March 17, 2002. The snowfall surpassed the old daily record of 10.1" (1979) and the 24-hour record of 15.6" (December 29, 1955). the date and for any 24-hour period. ___________________________________________ March-April Eastern, southern and central U.S. Un-seasonal weather and temperature extremes
  • 296 Record warmth in March: Highest temperatures reached 84-89oF in cities in Florida, Georgia, Alabama and Tennessee. Summer in April: 30-degree above normal temperatures were felt from Midwest, Northeast to Mid-Atlantic Record high temperatures were set in 81 cities on April 15, another 81 on April 16, and 30 more in the next day. Some examples: New York: 96oF (4/17/02) Philadelphia: 95oF (4/17/02)Record rain falls in one day in South Florida was recorded on April 14, 2002 Winter in April Winter storms returned to northern part of the Central U.S.(Minnesota, Wisconsin and northern Michigan). Near record snow fell. Record low temperatures were set in northern Maine. April-June Northern Rockies, Central Rockies, and Southwest Drought Drought has spread from the Great Plains to Southern California, and from Canada to Mexico. The El Niño will dump more rain on states near the Equator and deplete moisture from northern states this winter. Montana, and Wyoming are into their fifth year of drought. Ranchers are selling cattle. Topsoil is eroding into dust. The scene reminds people of the Dust Bowl. Colorado, Arizona, New Mexico, and Utah are all in severe drought condition which will make this summer a tough season for forest fire fighters. ___________________________________________ April-June Mexico Drought
  • 297 __________________________________________ May Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, U.S. Floods Death toll: 9 Wet weather stalled over the Mississippi and Ohio River Valleys between May 12 and 15 causing floods. ___________________________________________ May Southern India Heat wave Death toll: 450 Extremely high temperatures combined with dry winds hit southern India from May 10 to May 16. The heat wave stay much longer than the ones in 1996 and 1998 and killing more people. The highest temperature reached 120oF in some areas. ___________________________________________ May Haiti Floods Death toll: 21 Flash floods and landslides destroyed 600 homes and left one thousand people homeless. ___________________________________________ May Jamaica Torrential rains Death toll: 6 ___________________________________________ May East of Mississippi River Record snowfall and un-seasonal cold in May
  • 298 Temperatures were well below normal in the second half of May. On May 18, some new records on the latest snow date fall were set from northern Pennsylvania, New York to New England. ___________________________________________ June Western China: Shaanxi, Gansu, Sichuan, Xinjiang Floods Death toll: 223 Homes destroyed: 80,500. Shaanxi is the worst hit. It received record 489 mm of rain from June 8 to 10. At least 13 bridges and 29 hydroelectric stations were washed out. ___________________________________________ June Southern and eastern Germany, Austria, Switzerland, southeastern France Torrential rains Death toll: 3 and 1 missing Overnight heavy rains flooded the streets and causing damages on properties. ___________________________________________ June Southern China: Guangxi, Fujian, Zhejiang Floods Death toll: 230 Flood season starts from June. El Niño will bring more rains, cyclones and strong tides this summer. ___________________________________________ June Western U.S. Forest fires Burned area: over 1.5 million acres. The hardest hit areas: Colorado, the Southwest, and southern California. Among the most burned areas: Blackjack Bay Complex fire (123,239 acres burned) and Hayman fire (120,000 acres burned.)
  • 299 The most publicized one is Hayman fire near Denver and is the largest ever forest fire in state history. It has burned 25 homes since June 8 and forced six thousand people to flee their homes. The high temperature and gusty winds combined with severe drought condition in Colorado make fire fighting very difficult. More than 2300 fire fighters are working to contain the fire. Estimated cost to contain Hayman fire: US$50 million. ___________________________________________ June Honduras Floods Death toll: 10 Overnight torrential rains causing floods which destroyed 1000 houses. Honduras monsoon season starts from late May ending the eight-month of drought. Concentrated and intense rain falls was causing floods in various areas around country in the first two weeks of June. ___________________________________________ June Ural Mountains, Russia Floods Heavy rains flooded more than 1000 homes. ___________________________________________ June Western U.S. Abnormal temperatures From May 30 to June 1, there were 170 new daily record highs on both side of Rockies. Normally, the temperatures stay near 80o.104oF, Goodland, KS (5/31)106oF, McCook, NE (5/31)102oF, Pueblo, UT (5/30)
  • 300 ___________________________________________ June Chile Torrential rains Record rain falls (125 mm) ever in 24 hours flooded Chile. ___________________________________________ ___________________________________________ Source: Extreme Events, June 2002 ___________________________________________ http://www.globalwarming.net/index.php?option=com_content&task= view&id=73&Itemid=27 – Accessed May 15, 2009. * * *
  • 301 Illinois Death Row Clemency [Key phrases: To hear the groaning of the prisoner, to loose those that are appointed to death] George Ryan – The 39th Governor of Illinois http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Ryan - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * *
  • 302 The 20th verse signals a clemency, a pardoning of the capital punishment - the death penalty of numerous prisoners: 20 To hear the groaning of the prisoner; to loose those that are appointed to death; George Ryan, the governor of Illinois, eleven days after the end of 2002, “on January 11, 2003, just days before leaving office, commuted (to "life" terms) the sentences of everyone on or waiting to be sent to Illinois' death row – a total of 167 convicts – due to his belief that the death penalty could not be administered fairly. He also pardoned four inmates”. George Homer Ryan (born February 24, 1934 in Maquoketa, Iowa) was the Governor of the U.S. state of Illinois from 1999 until 2003. He was a member of the Republican Party. Although Ryan became nationally known when he "raised the national debate on capital punishment" by issuing a moratorium on executions in 2000[1], his 35-year political career was tarnished by scandal. Investigations into widespread corruption during his administration led to his retirement from politics in 2003 and federal corruption convictions in 2006.
  • 303 Ryan entered federal prison on November 7, 2007, to begin serving a sentence of six years and six months. As of December 10, 2008, he is housed at the satellite prison camp adjacent to the Federal Correctional Institution in Terre Haute, Indiana. Ryan first gained national attention in the area of capital punishment when, as governor, he declared a moratorium on his state's death penalty in 2000. "We have now freed more people than we have put to death under our system," he said. "There is a flaw in the system, without question, and it needs to be studied."[11] At the time, Illinois had executed 12 people since the reinstitution of the death penalty in 1977 (with one execution, that of Ripper Crew member Andrew Kokoraleis occurring early during Ryan's term), but had been forced to release 13 people based on new evidence. Ryan called for a commission to study the issue, while noting, "I still believe the death penalty is a proper response to heinous crimes, but I want to make sure ... that the person who is put to death is absolutely guilty." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_Ryan - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * *
  • 304 The Godless Americans March [Key phrase: the heathen shall fear the name of the LORD] The Godless American March Poster http://www.evolvefish.com/fish/media/DVD-GodlessDVD.gif - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * *
  • 305 “Atheists from around the country came to bear the cold and to express their rejection of religion.” http://www.nobeliefs.com/GAMOW/GAMOW12.htm - Accessed May, 2009. * * * The 15th verse mentions “the heathen” that “shall fear the name of the LORD”. Who are the atheists the verse points at? And what will they do in year 2002 that will carry them up on headlines? The group of disbelievers in God, “the heathen”, is the Godless Americans. The event alluded was their march in Washington D.C. occurred in 2002.
  • 306 The verse reads: “the heathen that shall fear the name of the Lord”. On their official site, the Godless Americans have the word “God” (“the name of the Lord”) found on the US paper money bills (“In God We Trust”) crossed out and replaced with the word “US”. The Godless Americans March which “occurred in Washington, DC on November 2, 2002 was reported as including over two thousand atheists, freethinkers, agnostics and humanists in a mile-long parade down The Mall”. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Godless_Americans_March_on_Washing ton - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * * The following slogans are quoted from the original website of the Godless Americans. • Beware of dogma. • God is just pretend. • Recovering catholic. • Nothing fails like prayer. • The christian right is neither.
  • 307 • I believe in life before death. • Religion is myth-information. • Religion stops a thinking mind. • My karma ran over your dogma. • So many christians, so few lions. • Blasphemy is a victimless crime. • God, protect us from your followers. • There is no sin greater than ignorance. • Come the rapture, can I have your car? • Fundamentalism stops a thinking mind. • Religions are just cults with more members. • Your kids and my taxes go to St. Pedophiles. He's your god. They're your rules. • You burn in hell. • At first they burn books. Eventually they burn people. • I've got nothing against god. It's his fan club I can't stand. • Fundamentalism means never having to open your mind.
  • 308 • When religion ruled the world they called it the dark ages. • Believe those who seek the truth. Doubt those who find it. • Guilt, fear and mass insanity. Three cheers for christianity. • You found god? If nobody claims him in 30 days, he's your's. • To err is human. To really screw things up you need religion. • The only problem with baptists is they don't hold them under long enough. http://godlessamerican.org/ - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * *
  • 309 The Earth Summit [Key phrases: all the kings of the earth, when the people are gathered together, and the kingdoms] The Earth Summit (a.k.a. Johannesburg Summit) of 2002 held in South Africa brought several heads of the state together, hinted in the verses with the phrase “all the kings of the earth”, and “when the people are gathered together, and the kingdoms”.
  • 310 The World Summit The World Summit on Sustainable Development, WSSD or Earth Summit 2002 took place in Johannesburg, South Africa, from 26 August to 4 September 2002. It was convened to discuss sustainable development by the United Nations. WSSD gathered a number of leaders from business and non-governmental organizations, 10 years after the first Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro. (It was therefore also informally nicknamed "Rio+10".) An agreement was made to restore the world's depleted fisheries by 2015. It was agreed to by negotiators at the World Summit. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Earth_Summit_2002 - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * * The Johannesburg Declaration on Sustainable Development was adopted at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD), sometimes referred to as Earth Summit 2002, at which the Plan of Implementation of the World Summit on Sustainable Development was also agreed upon.
  • 311 The Johannesburg Declaration builds on earlier declarations made at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment at Stockholm in 1972, and the Earth Summit in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. While committing the nations of the world to sustainable development, it also includes substantial mention of multilateralism as the path forward. In terms of the political commitment of parties, the Declaration is a more general statement than the Rio Declaration. It is an agreement to focus particularly on "the worldwide conditions that pose severe threats to the sustainable development of our people, which include: chronic hunger; malnutrition; foreign occupation; armed conflict; illicit drug problems; organized crime; corruption; natural disasters; illicit arms trafficking; trafficking in persons; terrorism; intolerance and incitement to racial, ethnic, religious and other hatreds; xenophobia; and endemic, communicable and chronic diseases, in particular HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis." Johannesburg Declaration 19 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Johannesburg_Declaration - Accessed May 15, 2009. * * *
  • 312 2008 • Space Missions • Cities of Mars/Zion • Change of US Daylight Saving Time
  • 313 Psalms 108: 1 <<A Song or Psalm of David.>> O God, my heart is fixed; I will sing and give praise, even with my glory. 2 Awake, psaltery and harp: I myself will awake early. 3 I will praise thee, O LORD, among the people: and I will sing praises unto thee among the nations. 4 For thy mercy is great above the heavens: and thy truth reacheth unto the clouds. 5 Be thou exalted, O God, above the heavens: and thy glory above all the earth; 6 That thy beloved may be delivered: save with thy right hand, and answer me. 7 God hath spoken in his holiness; I will rejoice, I will divide Shechem, and mete out the valley of Succoth. 8 Gilead is mine; Manasseh is mine; Ephraim also is the strength of mine head; Judah is my lawgiver; 9 Moab is my washpot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe; over Philistia will I triumph.
  • 314 10 Who will bring me into the strong city? who will lead me into Edom? 11 Wilt not thou, O God, who hast cast us off? and wilt not thou, O God, go forth with our hosts? 12 Give us help from trouble: for vain is the help of man. 13 Through God we shall do valiantly: for he it is that shall tread down our enemies.
  • 315 Introduction Out of several events that the year 2008 is remembered for, the Bible, thousands of years ago, has highlighted the space missions [to be] accomplished within 2008 as the primary events to watch for during the year. When we study the events that took place in 2008, we realize that the Bible is right again. Year 2008 is indeed marked with extraordinary feats accomplished in space through space missions executed by government and for the first time in history, privately owned space agencies from around the world. The Bible was also aware of all changes in daylight saving time that affected the US and the Israeli people. The phrase “awake early”, mentioned twice in the entire Psalms is used in the 108th Psalm for the second time in allusion to the change of daylight saving time that got into effect across the US in 2007 and caused the American people to wake up an hour earlier between November 2007 and March 2008.
  • 316 Space Missions [Key phrases: above the heavens, above all the earth] Famous "Blue Marble" photograph of Earth, taken from Apollo 17 http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:The_Earth_seen_from_Apollo_17.jpg – Accessed May 24, 2009. * * *
  • 317 2008 was a busy year for space exploration. Several feats were accomplished in space most of which were firsts in the history of mankind. January 14 - At 19:04:39 UTC, the MESSENGER space probe is at its closest approach during its first flyby of the planet Mercury.[13] February 7 - STS-122: Space Shuttle Atlantis launches to deliver the European-built Columbus science laboratory to the International Space Station. [28] March 9 - The first European Space Agency Automated Transfer Vehicle, a cargo spacecraft for the International Space Station, launches from Guiana Space Centre in French Guiana. April 28 - India sets a world record by sending 10 satellites into orbit in a single launch.[52] May 25 - NASA's Phoenix spacecraft becomes the first to land on the northern polar region of Mars.[54] September 17 - The International Astronomical Union classifies Haumea as the 5th dwarf planet in the Solar System.[92] September 28 - SpaceX Falcon 1 becomes the world's first privately developed space launch vehicle to successfully make orbit.[101][102] October 6 - NASA's MESSENGER spacecraft makes its second of 3 flybys of Mercury, decreasing the velocity for orbital insertion on March 18, 2011.[106][107]
  • 318 October 22 - The Indian Space Research Organisation successfully launches the Chandrayaan-1 spacecraft on a lunar exploration mission.[123][124] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008 - Accessed May 24, 2009. * * *
  • 319 Cities of Mars/Zion [Keywords and key phrases: Moab, Edom, the strong city, That thy beloved may be delivered] Artist's impression of the Phoenix spacecraft as it lands on Mars http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Phoenix_mission - Accessed May 24, 2009. * * *
  • 320 2008 is the year NASA's Phoenix spacecraft made the first landing on the northern polar region of Mars where water is found. No water, no life! Before we study the tale of the two cities named Moab and Edom mentioned in the 108th Psalm, we must first understand the concept of “Zion” mentioned 154 times in the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible). In Biblical literature, and in the Bible itself, “Zion”(or “the mount of Zion”) is one of the most controversial concepts. All we know about “Zion” is that it is a place, a dwelling place. Zion (Hebrew: ‫יּוֹן‬ ִ‫צ‬; Tiberian vocalization: tsiyyôn; transliterated Zion or Sion) is a term that most often designates the Land of Israel and its capital, Jerusalem. The word is found in texts dating back almost three millennia. It commonly referred to a specific mountain near Jerusalem (Mount Zion), on which stood a Jebusite fortress of the same name that was conquered by David and was named the City of David.
  • 321 The term Zion came to designate the area of Jerusalem where the fortress stood, and later became a metonym for Solomon's Temple in Jerusalem, the city of Jerusalem and the entire Promised Land to come, in which, according to the Hebrew Bible, God dwells among his chosen people. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zion - Accessed May 24, 2009. * * * We learn from the Bible that Zion: 1. Is where the Lord dwells. 2. Has assemblies. 3. Hosts a wilderness. 4. Hosts waste places. 5. Hosts a desert. 6. Is a place no man seeks after.
  • 322 7. Is a place of deliverance - arrival. 8. Is a place of “pick-up” - departure. 9. The Lord will create a cloud and a smoke by day and a flaming fire by night on mount Zion and on her assemblies. 10. The Lord will turn the wilderness of Zion into garden of Eden. * * * Isaiah 4:5 And the LORD will create upon every dwelling place of mount Zion, and upon her assemblies, a cloud and smoke by day, and the shining of a flaming fire by night: for upon all the glory shall be a defence. Isaiah 8:18 Behold, I and the children whom the LORD hath given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth in mount Zion.
  • 323 Isaiah 10:24 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, O my people that dwellest in Zion, be not afraid of the Assyrian: he shall smite thee with a rod, and shall lift up his staff against thee, after the manner of Egypt. Isaiah 28:16 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste. Isaiah 51:3 For the LORD shall comfort Zion: he will comfort all her waste places; and he will make her wilderness like Eden, and her desert like the garden of the LORD; joy and gladness shall be found therein, thanksgiving, and the voice of melody. Jeremiah 30:17 For I will restore health unto thee, and I will heal thee of thy wounds, saith the LORD; because they called thee an Outcast, saying, This is Zion, whom no man seeketh after. * * *
  • 324 The verses speak of ancient cities “Moab” and “Edom”. We know that they existed thousands of years ago, but today, they are nowhere to be found. Where else do the two cities exist? If we locate where Moab and Edom are, we might have a chance to find out where or what Zion is. Searching through the maps of the Earth will not be of any help in delivering any results regarding [to be] cities named “Moab” and “Edom”. They are nowhere to be found on current Earth. Well, then, may be we should look up, rather than around. When one visits Google Mars website, and does a search on “Moab” and “Edom”, there they are! Up on Mars! They are not cities, yet! But two albedos named “Moab” and “Edom” back in 1958 are already in existence up on Mars - turning our eyes on to Mars as the strongest candidate for what or where Zion really is! Moab and Edom are classified as albedos. What is an albedo?
  • 325 Albedo An albedo feature is a large area on the surface of a planet (or other solar system body) which shows a contrast in brightness or darkness (albedo) with adjacent areas. Historically, albedo features were the very first (and usually only) features to be seen and named on Mars and Mercury. Early classical maps (such as those of Schiaparelli and Antoniadi) showed only albedo features, and it was not until the arrival of space probes that other surface features such as craters could be seen. On bodies other than Mars and Mercury, an albedo feature is sometimes called a regio. On bodies with a very thick atmosphere like Venus or Titan, permanent albedo features cannot be seen using ordinary optical telescopes because the surface is not visible, and only clouds and other transient atmospheric phenomena are seen. The very first albedo feature ever seen on another planet was Syrtis Major on Mars in the 17th century. Today, thanks to space probes, very high- resolution images of surface features on Mars and Mercury are available, and the classical nomenclature based on albedo features has fallen somewhat into disuse. It is however still used for Earth-based observing of Mars by amateur astronomers.
  • 326 However, for some solar system bodies such as Pluto and Ceres which have not been visited by space probes, the best available images show only albedo features. These images were usually taken by the Hubble Space Telescope or by ground-based telescopes using adaptive optics. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Albedo_feature - Accessed May 24, 2009. * * * Now that we have located where the two cities Moab and Edom may actually be built at in the future, let us then examine the other features of Zion and check whether they fit in the general specifications of Mars. Zion: 1. Is where the Lord dwells. [Mars is the site of Olympus Mons, the highest known mountain in the Solar System.] 2. Has assemblies. [Mars has two satellites/moons.]
  • 327 3. Hosts a wilderness. [So does Mars.] 4. Hosts waste places. [So does Mars.] 5. Hosts a desert. [So does Mars.] 6. Is a place no man seeks after. [Due to its current desolate nature, so is Mars.] 7. Is a place of deliverance – arrival. [The home of final Exodus where, at the end of days, a remnant among Israelites will be delivered to?] 8. Is a place of “pick-up” – departure. [The name-twin of Zion on Earth (i.e. Jerusalem) is where the remnant will be taken/picked-up at?]
  • 328 9. The Lord will create a cloud and a smoke by day and a flaming fire by night on mount Zion and on her assemblies. [A final Exodus for Jews at the end of days when they will be taken up to Mars. Like the first Exodus, a pillar of cloud will guide the Jews once again, this time on Mars and its “assemblies” – satellites.] 10. The Lord will turn the wilderness of Zion into garden of Eden. [The wilderness of Mars will be turned into a garden, a new Garden of Eden, by the Lord.] The story of Mars and its importance for the Jews starts with Patriarch Jacob’s travel to north, to Haran, in quest to find his marriage partner.
  • 329 Genesis 28: 11 And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place, and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep. 12 And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven: and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it. 13 And, behold, the LORD stood above it, and said, I am the LORD God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed; 14 And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west, and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy seed shall all the families of the earth be blessed. 15 And, behold, I am with thee, and will keep thee in all places whither thou goest, and will bring thee again into this land; for I will not leave thee, until I have done that which I have spoken to thee of. 16 And Jacob awaked out of his sleep, and he said, Surely the LORD is in this place; and I knew it not.
  • 330 17 And he was afraid, and said, How dreadful is this place! this is none other but the house of God, and this is the gate of heaven. 18 And Jacob rose up early in the morning, and took the stone that he had put for his pillows, and set it up for a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it. 19 And he called the name of that place Bethel: but the name of that city was called Luz at the first. 20 And Jacob vowed a vow, saying, If God will be with me, and will keep me in this way that I go, and will give me bread to eat, and raiment to put on, 21 So that I come again to my father's house in peace; then shall the LORD be my God: 22 And this stone, which I have set for a pillar, shall be God's house: and of all that thou shalt give me I will surely give the tenth unto thee. Following the dream Jacob experienced during his sleep, known as the “Jacob’s Ladder”, he woke up “and took the stone that he had put for his pillows, and set it up for a pillar, and poured oil upon the top of it”. He promised spending [tithing] 1/10th of all that God gave him, back in the ways of God.
  • 331 Genesis 29: 1 Then Jacob went on his journey, and came into the land of the people of the east. 2 And he looked, and behold a well in the field, and, lo, there were three flocks of sheep lying by it; for out of that well they watered the flocks: and a great stone was upon the well's mouth. 3 And thither were all the flocks gathered: and they rolled the stone from the well's mouth, and watered the sheep, and put the stone again upon the well's mouth in his place. 4 And Jacob said unto them, My brethren, whence be ye? And they said, Of Haran are we. 5 And he said unto them, Know ye Laban the son of Nahor? And they said, We know him. 6 And he said unto them, Is he well? And they said, He is well: and, behold, Rachel his daughter cometh with the sheep. 7 And he said, Lo, it is yet high day, neither is it time that the cattle should be gathered together: water ye the sheep, and go and feed them. 8 And they said, We cannot, until all the flocks be gathered together, and till they roll the stone from the well's mouth; then we water the sheep. * * *
  • 332 The hidden symbolisms evident in the verses are: • The stones Jacob used as a pillow were piled up on one another forming a pillar – Olympus Mons on Mars was formed by piled up clusters. • Jacob called the place “House of God”, “Gate of Heaven” – The Lord dwells in Mount Zion [Isaiah 8:18] - Olympus Mons on Mars is the highest mountain in the Solar System [the Most High dwells on the Most High spot in the Solar System]. A two-way travel between where Jacob slept and Mars is hinted within the name “Gate of Heaven”. • God promised Jacob that He would give the land Jacob slept upon to him and to his seed – The ladder Jacob saw in his dream symbolizes a two- way travel between Zion “the city” on Earth and Zion “the planet” [Mars] in the Solar System. • The vow of “1/10th” - Mars has a mass equal to 1/10th of the Earth’s mass.
  • 333 • The stone that covered the well’s mouth, a “well cap” - The water on Mars is found at the polar/ice caps [of Mars]. • Jacob and Esau were twin brothers. According to Genesis 19:30-38, Moab was the son of Abraham's nephew Lot by his elder daughter. The Bible refers Edomites as descendants of Esau, and the book of Genesis mentions “red” a number of times in describing Esau and explaining his alternate name Edom. Years later, "Jacob was once simmering a stew, when Esau came home exhausted from the field. Esau said to Jacob: "Feed me, I pray thee, with that same red pottage; for I am faint: therefore was his name called Edom". (Genesis 25:29-30) – Mars is known as the “red planet”. • The name Zion appears 154 times in the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible) – The distance between the Earth and Mars is 154 million miles.
  • 334 Olympus Mons on October 19, 1998, Image by the Mars Global Surveyor Olympus Mons on Mars is the largest volcano in the Solar System. Although three times higher than Earth’s Mount Everest, Olympus Mons would not be difficult to climb because of the volcano’s great breadth. Covering an area greater than the entire Hawaiian volcano chain, the slopes of Olympus Mons typically rise only a few degrees at a time. The low gravity of Mars combined with a relatively static surface crust allow volcanoes this large to build up over time. This representative-color image was taken last April by the Mars Global Surveyor spacecraft currently orbiting Mars. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Olympus_Mons.jpeg – Accessed May 24, 2009. * * *
  • 335 The albedo [plain] named Moab on Mars http://www.google.com/mars/ - Accessed May 24, 2009. The albedo [plain] named Edom on Mars http://www.google.com/mars/ - Accessed May 24, 2009.
  • 336 Moab and Edom on Mars http://www.google.com/mars/ - Accessed May 24, 2009. Olympus Mons, Moab and Edom http://www.google.com/mars/ - Accessed May 24, 2009.
  • 337 Wide view of the Olympus Mons aureole, escarpment and caldera http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Olympus_Mons_alt.jpg – Accessed May 24, 2009. Olympus Mons compared to Arizona http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/gallery/atlas/images/oly-az.jpg - Accessed May 24, 2009.
  • 338 This 3-dimensional image was created from several images of Olympus Mons. Each image was taken from a different spacecraft position and combined with a computer model of the surface topography to generate a perspective view http://www.olympusmons.com/mars/photo06.html - Accessed May 24, 2009. * * *
  • 339 Earth and the Moon from Mars Taken by the Mars Orbiter Camera of Mars Global Surveyor on May 8 2003 at 12:59:58 UTC. South America is visible. Courtesy NASA/JPL/Malin Space Science Systems [1] [2]. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Earth_and_Moon_from_Mars_PIA04531.jpg – Accessed May 24, 2009. * * *
  • 340 Of Zion [Mars] and Olympus Mons [Mount Zion] The Cause Why will a delivery be needed to Zion? We learn from the Bible that following an era of wealth and abundance on Earth, an era of prophecy will begin; “your sons and daughters shall prophesy, old men shall dream dreams, and young men shall see visions”. The era of prophecy will be coupled with “wonders in the heavens and in the Earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke”. “The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood”. Finally, following the wonders in the heavens and in the Earth, life on Earth will cease to exist [Isaiah 51:6]. Joel 2: 23 Be glad then, ye children of Zion, and rejoice in the LORD your God: for he hath given you the former rain moderately, and he will cause to come down for you the rain, the former rain, and the latter rain in the first month. 24 And the floors shall be full of wheat, and the fats shall overflow with wine and oil.
  • 341 25 And I will restore to you the years that the locust hath eaten, the cankerworm, and the caterpiller, and the palmerworm, my great army which I sent among you. 26 And ye shall eat in plenty, and be satisfied, and praise the name of the LORD your God, that hath dealt wondrously with you: and my people shall never be ashamed. 27 And ye shall know that I am in the midst of Israel, and that I am the LORD your God, and none else: and my people shall never be ashamed. 28 And it shall come to pass afterward, that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh; and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, your old men shall dream dreams, your young men shall see visions: 29 And also upon the servants and upon the handmaids in those days will I pour out my spirit. 30 And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke. 31 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and the terrible day of the LORD come.
  • 342 In the end of days, the Sun, the Moon and all the stars will stop emitting and reflecting any and all light on Earth. A total darkness, as if by a solar eclipse, shall cover the Earth, and possibly our Solar System just the same. Several deadly quakes shall be observed on both the Earth and other heavenly bodies [planets]. Joel 3: 15 The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining. 16 The LORD also shall roar out of Zion, and utter his voice from Jerusalem; and the heavens and the earth shall shake: but the LORD will be the hope of his people, and the strength of the children of Israel. 17 So shall ye know that I am the LORD your God dwelling in Zion, my holy mountain: then shall Jerusalem be holy, and there shall no strangers pass through her any more. In Isaiah 51:6, the people delivered to Zion are asked to look up to the heavens, then look down upon the Earth (“beneath”) with the exact viewpoint of an observer looking down to Earth from Mars, and witness it vanish away.
  • 343 Isaiah 51: 6 Lift up your eyes to the heavens, and look upon the earth beneath: for the heavens shall vanish away like smoke, and the earth shall wax old like a garment, and they that dwell therein shall die in like manner: but my salvation shall be for ever, and my righteousness shall not be abolished. 11 Therefore the redeemed of the LORD shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy shall be upon their head: they shall obtain gladness and joy; and sorrow and mourning shall flee away. The Delivery In Joel 2:32, we learn about the remnant who will enjoy the luxury of being saved from the Earth and delivered to Mars. The Lord will determine the group who will be taken up. But the remnant may also self-form by those “whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord”, sinner or righteous, as they all “shall be delivered”.
  • 344 Joel 2: 32 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be delivered: for in mount Zion and in Jerusalem shall be deliverance, as the LORD hath said, and in the remnant whom the LORD shall call. Zion – The New Home of the Righteous In Isaiah 33, we are told that the Lord dwells on high, and it is where the Lord will rise, lift Himself up. Both the sinner and the righteous will live on Zion at that promised time. However, the evil-doers who called on the Name of the Lord and qualified to be delivered to Zion shall not escape the judgment and the fire that awaited them in Zion. The righteous, however, will be rewarded with bread and water in Zion.
  • 345 A new Jerusalem will be built in Zion, together with a tabernacle at the heart of it, that, unlike its counterpart on Earth, will not be taken down, removed or broken. Rivers and streams will flow in Zion, but no ship will pass by or seen (“wherein shall go no galley with oars, neither shall gallant ship pass thereby”). This is no surprise, as we know by now that there are no seas on Mars. Unlike giant planets Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus and Neptune that have no solid surfaces (lands) and are mostly atmosphere (gas/fluid), Mars hosts a giant solid surface but no seas. Isaiah 33: 3 At the noise of the tumult the people fled; at the lifting up of thyself the nations were scattered. 4 And your spoil shall be gathered like the gathering of the caterpiller: as the running to and fro of locusts shall he run upon them. 5 The LORD is exalted; for he dwelleth on high: he hath filled Zion with judgment and righteousness. 10 Now will I rise, saith the LORD; now will I be exalted; now will I lift up myself. 11 Ye shall conceive chaff, ye shall bring forth stubble: your breath, as fire, shall devour you.
  • 346 12 And the people shall be as the burnings of lime: as thorns cut up shall they be burned in the fire. 13 Hear, ye that are far off, what I have done; and, ye that are near, acknowledge my might. 14 The sinners in Zion are afraid; fearfulness hath surprised the hypocrites. Who among us shall dwell with the devouring fire? who among us shall dwell with everlasting burnings? 15 He that walketh righteously, and speaketh uprightly; he that despiseth the gain of oppressions, that shaketh his hands from holding of bribes, that stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his eyes from seeing evil; 16 He shall dwell on high: his place of defence shall be the munitions of rocks: bread shall be given him; his waters shall be sure. 17 Thine eyes shall see the king in his beauty: they shall behold the land that is very far off. 18 Thine heart shall meditate terror. Where is the scribe? where is the receiver? where is he that counted the towers? 19 Thou shalt not see a fierce people, a people of a deeper speech than thou canst perceive; of a stammering tongue, that thou canst not understand. 20 Look upon Zion, the city of our solemnities: thine eyes shall see Jerusalem a quiet habitation, a tabernacle that shall not be taken down; not one of the stakes thereof shall ever be removed, neither shall any of the cords thereof be broken.
  • 347 21 But there the glorious LORD will be unto us a place of broad rivers and streams; wherein shall go no galley with oars, neither shall gallant ship pass thereby. 22 For the LORD is our judge, the LORD is our lawgiver, the LORD is our king; he will save us. The Lord promises to “build up” Zion hinting its current desolate nature. As the Earth, and the known planets except Mars will “wax old like a garment” and “they shall be changed”; all life on them will cease to exist [Isaiah 51:6]. But the remnant of the Lord who have made it up on Mars will continue to live... Psalms 102: 12 But thou, O LORD, shalt endure for ever; and thy remembrance unto all generations. 13 Thou shalt arise, and have mercy upon Zion: for the time to favour her, yea, the set time, is come. 14 For thy servants take pleasure in her stones, and favour the dust thereof. 15 So the heathen shall fear the name of the LORD, and all the kings of the earth thy glory. 16 When the LORD shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory. 17 He will regard the prayer of the destitute, and not despise their prayer.
  • 348 18 This shall be written for the generation to come: and the people which shall be created shall praise the LORD. 19 For he hath looked down from the height of his sanctuary; from heaven did the LORD behold the earth; 20 To hear the groaning of the prisoner; to loose those that are appointed to death; 21 To declare the name of the LORD in Zion, and his praise in Jerusalem; 22 When the people are gathered together, and the kingdoms, to serve the LORD. 23 He weakened my strength in the way; he shortened my days. 24 I said, O my God, take me not away in the midst of my days: thy years are throughout all generations. 25 Of old hast thou laid the foundation of the earth: and the heavens are the work of thy hands. 26 They shall perish, but thou shalt endure: yea, all of them shall wax old like a garment; as a vesture shalt thou change them, and they shall be changed: 27 But thou art the same, and thy years shall have no end. 28 The children of thy servants shall continue, and their seed shall be established before thee.
  • 349 Finally, while the Earth and the other planets vanished away before the very eyes of the delivered remnant already dwelling at Zion, life, as we know it, will miraculously blossom at the mountains, the hills and the rivers of Zion. Joel 3: 18 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the mountains shall drop down new wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the rivers of Judah shall flow with waters, and a fountain shall come forth of the house of the LORD, and shall water the valley of Shittim. 19 Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom shall be a desolate wilderness, for the violence against the children of Judah, because they have shed innocent blood in their land. 20 But Judah shall dwell for ever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation. 21 For I will cleanse their blood that I have not cleansed: for the LORD dwelleth in Zion.
  • 350 In Isaiah 35:9, the Bible reports that “no lion shall be there, nor any ravenous beast shall go up thereon, it shall not be found there” - hinting that no lion or beast of any sort shall be transported up to Mars. The exact term used in the verse is “go up” – up from the Earth! Mars – “the wilderness and the solitary place”. On it, “the desert shall rejoice and blossom as the rose”. Isaiah 35: 1 The wilderness and the solitary place shall be glad for them; and the desert shall rejoice, and blossom as the rose. 2 It shall blossom abundantly, and rejoice even with joy and singing: the glory of Lebanon shall be given unto it, the excellency of Carmel and Sharon, they shall see the glory of the LORD, and the excellency of our God. 3 Strengthen ye the weak hands, and confirm the feeble knees. 4 Say to them that are of a fearful heart, Be strong, fear not: behold, your God will come with vengeance, even God with a recompence; he will come and save you. 5 Then the eyes of the blind shall be opened, and the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped. 6 Then shall the lame man leap as an hart, and the tongue of the dumb sing: for in the wilderness shall waters break out, and streams in the desert.
  • 351 7 And the parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water: in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, shall be grass with reeds and rushes. 8 And an highway shall be there, and a way, and it shall be called The way of holiness; the unclean shall not pass over it; but it shall be for those: the wayfaring men, though fools, shall not err therein. 9 No lion shall be there, nor any ravenous beast shall go up thereon, it shall not be found there; but the redeemed shall walk there: 10 And the ransomed of the LORD shall return, and come to Zion with songs and everlasting joy upon their heads: they shall obtain joy and gladness, and sorrow and sighing shall flee away.
  • 352 Mars soil Image taken by the Opportunity rover on Mars Isaiah 35:7: And the parched ground shall become a pool, and the thirsty land springs of water: in the habitation of dragons, where each lay, shall be grass with reeds and rushes.
  • 353 Data from Mars orbiters and landers have suggested that any past water on the Red Planets’ surface probably came from subsurface moisture bubbling up from underground. But a new study of Martian soil data implies that Mars’ atmosphere was once thick enough to hold moisture and that dew or even drizzle hit the ground. Geoscientists at the University of California Berkeley combined data from the Viking 1 and 2 landers, the Pathfinder rover, and the current rovers Spirit and Opportunity. The scientists say tell-tale signs of this type of moisture are evident on the planet’s surface. http://www.universetoday.com/2008/06/25/mars-atmosphere-once- held-enough-moisture-for-dew-or-drizzle/ - Accessed May 24, 2009. * * * In between the lines, the Bible implies that life on Mars existed way before the delivery of the remnant up to Mars at the end of days. That man and woman alike did live on Mars prior to their “fall” or “cast off” to Earth. The Bible uses the word “return” regarding the remnant’s space travel to Mars hinting the fact that what seems like our first promised journey to Mars might indeed be our second – a return.
  • 354 Psalms 108: 9 Moab is my washpot; over Edom will I cast out my shoe; over Philistia will I triumph. 10 Who will bring me into the strong city? who will lead me into Edom? 11 Wilt not thou, O God, who hast cast us off? and wilt not thou, O God, go forth with our hosts? Isaiah 51: 11 Therefore the redeemed of the LORD shall return, and come with singing unto Zion; and everlasting joy shall be upon their head: they shall obtain gladness and joy; and sorrow and mourning shall flee away. In the 102nd Psalm, the dust and stone of Mars are mentioned: “For thy servants take pleasure in her stones, and favour the dust thereof.” As a result of Adam and Eve’s breaking God's law, Adam is cursed by God: “for dust thou art, and unto dust shalt thou return" (Genesis 3:19).
  • 355 Was Adam created on Mars? Did God’s “dust to dust” curse actually allude to Adam’s future voyage from and back to Mars? May be. Adam, in Hebrew means “red”. Mars is known as the “red planet” due its iron core and its iron rust surface dust. * * *
  • 356 MARS Mars. Taken by the Hubble Space Telescope. Credit: Philip James (University of Toledo), Steven Lee (University of Colorado), NASA Mars, known as the "Red Planet," is named after the Roman god of war. It is the fourth planet from the sun. It is the only planet whose surface can be seen in detail from the earth. And when looking at it through a telescope, the surface of Mars has three outstanding features- bright areas, dark areas, and polar caps. The bright areas of Mars are reddish rust-brown in color and cover about two-thirds of the planet's surface. They are dry, desertlike regions that are covered by dust, sand, and rocks.
  • 357 The dark areas of Mars cover about one-third of the planet's surface. They form irregular patterns, and generally appear greenish-gray or bluish-gray. These dark regions have historically been called maria (seas), even though the areas don't contain any measurable amounts of water. The color, shape, and size of these areas vary from season to season. The polar caps of Mars are small areas located at the planet's north and south poles. The polar caps appear white from earth, and are thought to contain large amounts of frozen water. Like the maria, each polar cap grows and shrinks with the changing seasons. They appear to evaporate and shrink during the time when they are pointed towards the sun, then freeze and grow larger again while turned away from the sun. Mars has an off-center orbit. At one extreme of its orbit Mars loops 42.4 million km farther from the Sun than at the other. Its average distance from the sun is about 141,700,000 miles. At its closest approach to earth, Mars is 48,700,000 miles away. The rotation of Mars is very similar to that of Earth. And like Earth, Mars' tipped axis causes seasons. Because Mars moves faster when close to the sun, and slower when farther away, its seasons differ in length. Northern spring lasts 52 Martian days more than fall. Mars rotates once every 24 hours and 37 minutes. One year on Mars takes about 687 earth days. The surface conditions on Mars are more like the Earth's than those of any other planet. The temperature on Mars ranges from -191F to -24F. The mass of Mars is slightly more than that of Mercury. (It is the third smallest.) Its mass is 0.11 (Earth being 1). Mars has two moons, Deimos and Phobos. Deimos, which hovers 20,123km above Mars, orbits every 30 hours. Phobos, which hovers at only 5,973km, orbits in less than 8 hours. Phobos rises and sets twice every day.
  • 358 Fact Sheet Planet Name Mars Latin Name/Greek Name Mars/Ares Symbol Year Discovered/Discoverer N/A Mass 0.64191 x 1027 kg Volume (Earth = 1) 0.149 Density 3.94 gm/cm3 Surface Gravity 371 cm/s2 Escape Velocity at Equator 5.02 km/s Mean Equatorial Radius 3,397 km Albedo (Percentage of light reflected) .15 Mean Temperature at Solid Surface 186 - 268 K Motion Sidereal Rotation Period (Earth Days) 1.02595675 Rotation Direction Direct Orbit Sidereal Orbit Period (Earth Years) 1.88071105 Mean Orbit Velocity 24.1309 km/s Orbit Eccentricity 0.09341233 Mean Distance (Semimajor Axis) from Sun 227,936,640 km Inclination of Orbit to Ecliptic 1.85061 degrees Inclination of Equator to Orbit 25.19 degrees Natural Satellites Phobos, Deimos http://library.thinkquest.org/29033/solarsystem/mars.htm - Accessed May 24, 2009.
  • 359 MARS Mars (pronounced / mɑrz/) is the fourth planet from the Sun in the Solar System. The planet is named after Mars, the Roman god of war. It is also referred to as the "Red Planet" because of its reddish appearance, due to iron oxide prevalent on its surface. Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere, having surface features reminiscent both of the impact craters of the Moon and the volcanoes, valleys, deserts and polar ice caps of Earth. It is the site of Olympus Mons, the highest known mountain in the Solar System, and of Valles Marineris, the largest canyon. Furthermore, in June 2008 three articles published in Nature presented evidence of an enormous impact crater in Mars' northern hemisphere, 10,600 km long by 8,500 km wide, or roughly four times larger than the largest impact crater yet discovered, the South Pole-Aitken basin.[6][7] In addition to its geographical features, Mars’ rotational period and seasonal cycles are likewise similar to those of Earth. Until the first flyby of Mars by Mariner 4 in 1965, many speculated that there might be liquid water on the planet's surface. This was based on observations of periodic variations in light and dark patches, particularly in the polar latitudes, which looked like seas and continents, while long, dark striations were interpreted by some observers as irrigation channels for liquid water. These straight line features were later proven not to exist and were instead explained as optical illusions. Still, of all the planets in the Solar System other than Earth, Mars is the most likely to harbor liquid water, and perhaps life.[8]
  • 360 Radar data from Mars Express and the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter have revealed the presence of large quantities of water ice both at the poles (July 2005)[9] and at mid- latitudes (November 2008).[10] The Phoenix Mars Lander directly sampled water ice in shallow martian soil on July 31, 2008.[11] Mars is currently host to three functional orbiting spacecraft: Mars Odyssey, Mars Express, and the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. With the exception of Earth, this is more than any planet in the Solar System. The surface is also home to the two Mars Exploration Rovers (Spirit and Opportunity) and several inert landers and rovers, both successful and unsuccessful. The Phoenix lander recently completed its mission on the surface. Geological evidence gathered by these and preceding missions suggests that Mars previously had large-scale water coverage, while observations also indicate that small geyser-like water flows have occurred during the past decade.[12] Observations by NASA's Mars Global Surveyor show evidence that parts of the southern polar ice cap have been receding.[13] Mars has two moons, Phobos and Deimos, which are small and irregularly shaped. These may be captured asteroids, similar to 5261 Eureka, a Martian Trojan asteroid. Mars can be seen from Earth with the naked eye. Its apparent magnitude reaches −2.9,[5] a brightness surpassed only by Venus, the Moon, and the Sun, although most of the time Jupiter will appear brighter to the naked eye than Mars. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars - Accessed May 24, 2009. * * *
  • 361 The Planet Mars Mars has long been the subject of human fascination. Early telescopic observations revealed color changes on the surface which were originally attributed to seasonal vegetation as well as apparent linear features which were ascribed to intelligent design. These early and erroneous interpretations led to widespread public interest in Mars. Further telescopic observations found Mars' two moons - Phobos and Deimos, the polar ice caps and the feature now known as Olympus Mons, the solar system's tallest mountain.[3] These discoveries piqued further interest in the study and exploration of the red planet. Mars is a rocky planet, like Earth, that formed around the same time, yet with only half the diameter of Earth, and a far thinner atmosphere, it has a cold and desert-like surface. It is notable, however, that although the planet has only one quarter of the surface area of the Earth, it has about the same land area, since only one quarter of the surface area of the Earth is land. Panoramic View of Mars http://mars.jpl.nasa.gov/mro/gallery/press/20070110a/manyrovers_half_annot_ 1lyr_br.jpg - Accessed May 24, 2009. * * *
  • 362 Mars Curse The high failure rate of missions launched from Earth attempting to explore Mars has become informally known as the Mars Curse. Some suggest, in jest, that there is some supernatural force trying to prevent or punish the exploration of Mars. The Galactic Ghoul is a fictional space monster that consumes Mars probes, a term coined in 1997 by Time Magazine journalist Donald Neff.[4][5][6] Of 38 launches from Earth in an attempt to reach the planet, only 19 succeeded, a success rate of 50%. Twelve of the missions included attempts to land on the surface, but only seven transmitted data after landing. The majority of the failed missions occurred in the early years of space exploration and can be explained by human error and technical failure. Modern missions have an improved success rate; however, the challenge, complexity and length of the missions make it inevitable that failures will occur.[7] The U.S. NASA Mars exploration program has had a somewhat better record of success in Mars exploration, achieving success in 13 out of 18 missions launched (a 72% success rate), and succeeding in six out of seven (an 86% success rate) of the launches of Mars landers. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Exploration_of_Mars - Accessed May 24, 2009. * * * See Also: NASA’s web page for Mars: http://www.nasa.gov/worldbook/mars_worldbook.html - Accessed May 24, 2009.
  • 363 Change of US Daylight Saving Time [Key phrase: Awake, I myself will awake early] Time Zones of the World http://www.infoplease.com/spot/daylight2.html - Accessed May 24, 2009. * * * The phrase “awake early”, repeated two times in the entire Psalms, the second one being here, alludes to the change of daylight saving time that got in effect in 2007 across the US, added about a month to daylight saving time, and caused the US people to wake up an hour earlier between November 2007 and March 2008, and during every autumn-spring period ever since.
  • 364 The verse “Awake up, my glory; awake, psaltery and harp: I myself will awake early” is first mentioned in Psalm 57 and highlights 1957 as the end of daylight saving time observation in Israel. Due to the global energy crisis because of the aftermath of the Yom Kippur War, “Summer Time”, or daylight time observation was enacted again in Israel in 1974. * * * The federal law that established "daylight time" in the United States does not require any area to observe daylight saving time. But if a state chooses to observe DST, it must follow the starting and ending dates set by the law. From 1986 to 2006 this was the first Sunday in April to the last Sunday in October, but starting in 2007, it is observed from the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November, adding about a month to daylight saving time.
  • 365 U.S. Daylight Saving Time Schedule: [2006: April – October] 2007: March 11 - Nov. 4 2008: March 9 - Nov. 2 2009: March 8 - Nov. 1 2010: March 14 - Nov. 7 2011: March 13 - Nov. 6 http://www.infoplease.com/spot/daylight1.html - Accessed May 24, 2009. * * * Since 1996 European Summer Time has been observed from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October; previously the rules were not uniform across the European Union.[26] Starting in 2007, most of the United States and Canada observe DST from the second Sunday in March to the first Sunday in November, almost two-thirds of the year.[28] The 2007 U.S. change was part of the Energy Policy Act of 2005; previously, from 1987 through 2006, the start and end dates were the first Sunday in April and the last Sunday in October, and Congress retains the right to go back to the previous dates now that an energy-consumption study has been done.[29] http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Daylight_saving_time - Accessed May 24, 2009. * * *
  • 366 2009 • The Year of Anti-Semitic Remarks • Obama • Extended Poverty [Financial Crisis] • 28-Year Cycle of the Sun • New Presidential Elections
  • 367 Psalms 109: 1 <<To the chief Musician, A Psalm of David.>> Hold not thy peace, O God of my praise; 2 For the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of the deceitful are opened against me: they have spoken against me with a lying tongue. 3 They compassed me about also with words of hatred; and fought against me without a cause. 4 For my love they are my adversaries: but I give myself unto prayer. 5 And they have rewarded me evil for good, and hatred for my love. 6 Set thou a wicked man over him: and let Satan stand at his right hand. 7 When he shall be judged, let him be condemned: and let his prayer become sin. 8 Let his days be few; and let another take his office. 9 Let his children be fatherless, and his wife a widow.
  • 368 10 Let his children be continually vagabonds, and beg: let them seek their bread also out of their desolate places. 11 Let the extortioner catch all that he hath; and let the strangers spoil his labour. 12 Let there be none to extend mercy unto him: neither let there be any to favour his fatherless children. 13 Let his posterity be cut off; and in the generation following let their name be blotted out. 14 Let the iniquity of his fathers be remembered with the LORD; and let not the sin of his mother be blotted out. 15 Let them be before the LORD continually, that he may cut off the memory of them from the earth. 16 Because that he remembered not to shew mercy, but persecuted the poor and needy man, that he might even slay the broken in heart. 17 As he loved cursing, so let it come unto him: as he delighted not in blessing, so let it be far from him. 18 As he clothed himself with cursing like as with his garment, so let it come into his bowels like water, and like oil into his bones.
  • 369 19 Let it be unto him as the garment which covereth him, and for a girdle wherewith he is girded continually. 20 Let this be the reward of mine adversaries from the LORD, and of them that speak evil against my soul. 21 But do thou for me, O GOD the Lord, for thy name's sake: because thy mercy is good, deliver thou me. 22 For I am poor and needy, and my heart is wounded within me. 23 I am gone like the shadow when it declineth: I am tossed up and down as the locust. 24 My knees are weak through fasting; and my flesh faileth of fatness. 25 I became also a reproach unto them: when they looked upon me they shaked their heads. 26 Help me, O LORD my God: O save me according to thy mercy: 27 That they may know that this is thy hand; that thou, LORD, hast done it.
  • 370 28 Let them curse, but bless thou: when they arise, let them be ashamed; but let thy servant rejoice. 29 Let mine adversaries be clothed with shame, and let them cover themselves with their own confusion, as with a mantle. 30 I will greatly praise the LORD with my mouth; yea, I will praise him among the multitude. 31 For he shall stand at the right hand of the poor, to save him from those that condemn his soul.
  • 371 Introduction Year 2009 is marked as a tough year for US – for the sons and daughters of Jacob, with a financial crisis bound to extend its toll, the potential assassination of the new president within the same year he took office (paving the way for a possible new presidential election), and rise of anti-Semitism around the world. Is it not spectacular to realize that a person living in, say, the 14th century could really have pinpointed several major events of year 2009 hundreds of years before they actually took place by just studying the Bible? Truly amazing! Truly out of this world! The Inspirer who inspired the Bible knew it all and had it all written, centuries before the foretold events actually “came to pass” before our eyes.
  • 372 The Bible is not the “tales of the old”, but a book of prayer, a book of history and more than anything else an almanac of mankind for events past, present and yet to happen. The covenant that the Lord signed with Abraham, Isaac and Jacob is not some kind of an agreement, or an exclusive contract, but an almanac of events promised to the Patriarchs and their seed exclusively by the Lord of Hosts.
  • 373 The Year of Anti-Semitic Remarks [Verses 1- 5] The first five verses signal that 2009 would be co- remembered for the anti-Semitic remarks made during the year (“for the mouth of the wicked and the mouth of the deceitful are opened against me”). The verses speak of a “compass”, an unofficial alliance of leaders who would utter anti-Semitic remarks around the world in year 2009 one after the other. Due to the highly political nature of the anti-Semitic remarks, a list of all that were uttered within 2009 is omitted from this book. For those who are curious, a simple web search at yahoo.com or google.com for the phrase “anti-Semitic remarks” will reveal several results for further study.
  • 374 Obama [Verses 6- 20] 109th Psalm alludes to a president – a new president who has just taken office. 2009 is the year Obama took office in the US. Could it be that the phrase “take his office” - a term used for presidents when they are voted into the White House, refer to him? Verse 8 (“Let his days be few; and let another take his office”) gives us two clues. One: The president in question has just taken office. Two: He might not occupy the office for too long. Verse 7 (“... let his prayer become sin”) hints us yet another clue about the president – a prayer made exclusively by him. Does something such as an “Obama’s Prayer” exist? It should if the verses are referring to Obama and not to some other president.
  • 375 Israeli Paper Publishes Obama Western Wall Prayer JERUSALEM (AP) - A written prayer that Barack Obama left this week in the cracks of the Western Wall, Judaism's holiest site, asks God to guide him and guard his family, an Israeli newspaper reported Friday. "Lord—Protect my family and me," reads the note published in the Maariv daily. "Forgive me my sins, and help me guard against pride and despair. Give me the wisdom to do what is right and just. And make me an instrument of your will." The paper's decision to make the note public drew fire. The rabbi in charge of the Western Wall, Shmuel Rabinovitz, said publishing the note intruded in Obama's relationship with God. "The notes placed between the stones of the Western Wall are between a person and his maker. It is forbidden to read them or make any use of them," he told Army Radio. The publication "damages the Western Wall and damages the personal, deep part of every one of us that we keep to ourselves," he said. Another Israeli paper, Yediot Ahronot, published an article Friday saying it had also obtained the note but decided not to publish it to respect Obama's privacy. http://www.usatoday.com/news/politics/2008-07-25- 2842174531_x.htm – Accessed April 5, 2009.
  • 376 Obama at the Western Wall http://www.breitbart.com/article.php?id=D924TL4G0&show_article=1 – Accessed April 5, 2009. * * * Obama's Prayer: The Intended Audience (updated) Barack Obama wanted the world to know that he can pray like a Christian. Thus, he penned a ‘note to God' on stationery from the King David Hotel in Jerusalem, and he generously gave a copy to the "international media even before he put in the Kotel, a short time after he wrote it at the King David Hotel." Thus says the Ma'ariv spokesman in defense of his newspaper, which may be the subject of a criminal investigation for publishing the ‘note to God' which Obama gave to the paper.
  • 377 For, interestingly, not only Ma'ariv was a recipient of Obama's generosity, so was Yediot Ahoronot (YA), the most popular Israeli daily. YA also obtained the ‘note to God' from Obama but declined to print it, ironically, "to respect Obama's privacy." Given the claim of both Ma'ariv and YA that it was Obama who generously gave them a copy of his note, immediately after writing it and preceding its placement in the wall, then one must wonder about the hullabuloo over the yeshiva student who allegedly stole the note from the wall and gave it to Ma'ariv, which published it the next day. Obama’s Handwritten Prayer http://www.americanthinker.com/2008/07/obamas_prayer_the_real_audienc_1. html - Accessed April 5, 2009.
  • 378 The last hint we are given about the new president is outlined in verse 19 as “the garment which covereth him” – a steel/ballistic vest, perhaps? It is not too extraordinary for a president to wear a steel vest, but when Obama wore one at his inaugural speech, it made the news. The reason was simple. What Obama wore was not a steel-vest, but an ordinary suit look- alike [vest] made of bullet-proof fibers. President Obama Wears Bullet-Resistant Suit at Inaugural Barack Obama had more than the Presidential 'beast' limo taking care of his safety yesterday. According to some reports, he wore a suit made by a clothier specializing in bullet-resistant clothing during the inauguration ceremonies. While no one from the U.S. Secret Service have yet to mention any details about the garment's structure, some are speculating it may have come from the line by Colombian designer Miguel Caballero. As we noted last year, Caballero is well known for his super tough but flexible and business appropriate clothing (see pic at right), such as the $7,500 polo shirt that can stop a shot from a 9-mm revolver.
  • 379 Due to some of the unfortunately rising levels of dangerous conflicts in Colombia and other parts of Latin America, the need for this type of clothing has also led to a spike in sales. According to Caballero, many of his garments offer more than three levels of ballistic protection and they are about seven times more flexible than the Kevlar vests that are usually worn. Designers that use Kevlar tie together dense strands of the material (500 to 1,500 filaments per strand of yarn, according to Slate), which is then weaved into the clothing. With close to 2 million people on hand to watch the president-elect take the Oath of Office, the level of security was understandably tight and every precaution was taken to ensure safety for all. Earlier this month, we noted that President Obama will be using the safest Presidential limo ever built, the so-called Cadillac One (or simply, "The Beast"), whose toughness rivals a tank and seals off like a bank vault in the event of a potential attack. http://blog.wired.com/gadgets/2009/01/president-oba-1.html - Accessed April 5, 2009. * * *
  • 380 Extended Poverty [Financial Crisis] [Verses 21-26] The verses above warn that the financial crisis of 2008 will continue in 2009 across the US [and around the world just the same] - people losing their jobs, homes and even families. The Bible illustrates the financial status quo of 2009 with the verse: “My knees are weak through fasting; and my flesh faileth of fatness” - in allusion to poverty and the lack of financial strength to buy food, let alone anything else.
  • 381 28-Year Cycle of the Sun [Verses 27, 28 and 30] Every 28 years, Jews around the world celebrate Birkat Hachama (“Blessing of the Sun”) early at dawn, with the first lights of the Sun. 2009 marks the year for a new Birkat Hachama observation. The verses point to Birkat Hachama with the key phrases “this is thy hand; that thou, LORD, hast done it”, in allusion to Sun and the universe, “Let them curse, but bless thou: when they arise”, the Psalmist is asking even those that utter anti-Semitic remarks to observe the Birkat Hachama early at dawn “when they arise” and finally, if they do observe the event “let them cover themselves with their own confusion, as with a mantle” – wrap their head with talitots (“as with a mantle”), the way the Jews do when they utter their blessings during the Birkat Hachama.
  • 382 Birkat Hachama Birkat Hachama (‫תכרב‬ ‫המחה‬, "Blessing of the Sun") refers to a Jewish blessing that is recited in appreciation of the Sun once every 28 years, when the vernal equinox, as calculated by tradition, falls on a Tuesday at sundown. Jewish tradition says that when the Sun completes this cycle, it has returned to its position when the world was created. According to Judaism, the Sun has a 28 year solar cycle known as machzor gadol (‫רוזחמ‬ ‫לודג‬, "the great cycle"). A solar year is estimated as 365.25 days and the "Blessing of the Sun", being said at the beginning of this cycle, is therefore recited every 10,227 (28 times 365.25) days. The last time that it was recited was on April 8, 2009 (14 Nisan 5769 on the Hebrew calendar). This coincided with the day before the Jewish Holiday of Passover (Hebrew: ‫חספ‬). The same blessing is recited upon experiencing various natural phenomena, including lightning, comets, and meteor showers; as well as upon witnessing wondrous natural topography, such as great mountains, rivers and vast wilderness.[1] When recited for these other experiences, the blessing is recited alone without additional verses or Psalms etc. The text of the blessing itself is as follows: "‫ךורב‬ ‫התא‬ ‫ה‬' ‫וניהלא‬ ‫ךלמ‬ ‫םלועה‬ ‫השוע‬ ‫השעמ‬ ‫תישארב‬" "Blessed are You, LORD, our God, King of the Universe who makes the works of Creation." http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Birkat_HaHammah - Accessed April 23, 2009.
  • 383 Of Pessah, Peoplehood and the Sun Men wrapped in talitot participate in the special Blessing of the Sun prayer Apr. 7, 2009 YOSEF ISRAEL ABRAMOWITZ, THE JERUSALEM POST At 6:22 a.m. on Wednesday, April 8, the sun will peak over the imposing 800-million-year-old mountains of Edom, bathing the Arava Valley below in light, and triggering one of the rarest and least-known Jewish rituals: Birkat Hahama, the Blessing of the Sun, is celebrated every 28 years in Jewish communities around the world, across the spectrum of Jewish observance.
  • 384 This year, the blessing dawns as we burn our hametz and prepare for that evening's Seder. The next magic moment in history when the blessing falls on Erev Pessah will be 532 years from now. Sixteen hundred years ago in Babylonia, the rabbis codified the Talmud, and with it, the Birkat Hahama ritual: "Our Rabbis taught: One who sees the sun in its season, the moon in its power, the stars in their paths, and the planets in their order, says, 'Blessed is the Maker of Creation.'" (Masechet Brachot 59b). "And when is the Sun in its season? Abaye says: Every 28 years, when the cycle resets and the Spring equinox falls in Saturn on Tuesday evening, the eve of Wednesday." According to the Book of Genesis, the Sun, Moon, and stars were created on the fourth day (Genesis 1:14), and so the celebration of Birkat Hahama always occurs on a Wednesday morning. The Sun is traditionally greeted with a blessing and Psalms: "Blessed are You, Ruler of the Universe, who makes Creation." It is believed that every 28 years at this moment, the celestial bodies orbit back to the exact place in the heavens where they stood at the Creation. http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1238562930406&pagename =JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull – Accessed April 8, 2009. * * *
  • 385 Thousands attend special 'sun' prayer Back-dropped by the Dome of the Rock Mosque, in the Al Aqsa Mosque compound, Jewish worshipers participate in the special "Blessing of the Sun" prayer at the Western Wall in Jerusalem, Wednesday
  • 386 Apr. 8, 2009 ap and jpost.com staff, THE JERUSALEM POST Over 50,000 people took part in the Birkat Hahama prayers at Jerusalem's Western Wall on Wednesday morning. The special event, a blessing of thanks for the world's creation, occurs when, the Talmud says, the sun reaches the same spot in the firmament as when it was created. It will not occur again for another 28 years. Following the event, all roads surrounding Jerusalem's Old City were blocked. Police have requested that those attending the ceremony leave the Old City using public transportation. In hundreds of places around the world, observant Jews planned to rise before dawn for outdoor prayers and dancing. In New Zealand's capital, Wellington, Rabbi Haim Dovrat said it was a "re-staging of the heavens as they were at the beginning of time." Dovrat led the rare blessing at the city's Webb Street Synagogue about an hour after sunrise. It was a "special celebration" as New Zealand's 7,500 Jews were the first in the world to give the blessing, he said.
  • 387 In Greenwich, Connecticut, Jen Sonenklare said she is taking her children to a beach ceremony in their pajamas. "This is the first time I've ever heard of this holiday," said Sonenklare, whose husband is Catholic. "If you want to give your kids a religious identity, this'll give them something fun to remember." In Manhattan, a rabbi was to lead a gathering near the United Nations. Another group was to pray on the deck of a 17th-story penthouse near ground zero, the site of the demolished World Trade Center. A Birkat Hahama ceremony in 1981 was held on the 107th-story observation deck of the World Trade Center's South Tower, and the rabbi is dedicating Wednesday's blessing to the memory of those who died in the September 11, 2001 attacks. Organizers of a ceremony on the boardwalk in Long Beach, New York, on Long Island, said they would distribute sunglasses to worshippers. But they might go unused; the forecast was for a cloudy morning. The Chabad-Lubavitch movement scheduled live Webcasts from seven locations as the sun moves across the Earth, starting at 8 a.m. local time in Christchurch, New Zealand, followed by events in Brisbane, Australia; Jerusalem; London; New York; Colorado Springs, Colo.; and Honolulu.
  • 388 In Offenbach am Main, near Frankfurt, Germany, some of about 3,500 Jews in the town - mostly immigrants from the former Soviet Union - were to mark Birkat Hachamah in front of their synagogue. "For some, it'll be the first time - and the last time," said Rabbi Menachem M. Gurewitz of the elderly members of his congregation. "The blessing is an affirmation of God, not as creator, but as the power that keeps the universe in existence," said Rabbi J. David Bleich, an expert on the holiday who wrote a book on the subject. "God didn't just create the universe, then go on an eternal sabbatical. He's like a generator of electricity: If it doesn't keep on working, the lights go out." An especially colorful ceremony was reported by The New York Times in 1897, when a rabbi was arrested for presiding over the ritual as hundreds of Jews assembled without a permit in a city park. He and another rabbi tried to explain what they were doing to a police officer. "The attempt of a foreign citizen to explain to an American Irishman an astronomical situation and a tradition of the Talmud was a dismal failure," the Times reported, adding that the officer, wondering "whether some new infection of lunacy had broken out ... seized the rabbi by the neck and took him to Essex Market Police Court." http://www.jpost.com/servlet/Satellite?cid=1238562942983&pagename =JPost%2FJPArticle%2FShowFull – Accessed April 8, 2009.
  • 389 New Presidential Elections [Verses 20, 29 and 31] The phrase “right hand of the poor”, mentioned in verse 31 (together with its context) alludes to a new presidential election; a brand new opportunity for the US people to vote a new president into the White House [with the votes they hold in their right hands]. Unlike the former, the latter and the new president is highly likely to possess a world view that will not tolerate anti-Semitic remarks or actions by anyone, anywhere. The results of the election, or the election itself is bound to disappoint and confuse the anti-Semitic world and will be a heaven-sent “reward” for them – a holy vengeance.
  • 390 AFTERWORD
  • 391 We are living in an era of atheist marches, “atheist buses” – public buses with ads on them that read: “There is probably no God. Now stop worrying and enjoy your life”, that run down the streets of major cities around the world every day. A London bus carrying the Atheist Bus Campaign advert http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Atheist_Bus_Campaign_Citaro.jpg – Accessed December 15th, 2009. * * *
  • 392 The Atheist Bus Campaign The Atheist Bus Campaign aims to place "peaceful and upbeat" messages about atheism on transport media in the UK, in response to evangelical Christian advertising.[1] It was created by comedy writer Ariane Sherine and launched on 21 October 2008, with official support from the British Humanist Association and Richard Dawkins.[2] The campaign's original goal was to raise £5,500 to run 30 buses across London for four weeks early in 2009 with the slogan: "There’s probably no God. Now stop worrying and enjoy your life." Richard Dawkins, author of The God Delusion, agreed to match all donations up to a maximum of £5,500, providing a total of £11,000 if the full amount were to be raised. The campaign reached that target by 10.06am on 21 October and had raised £100,000 by the evening of 24 October. The campaign closed on 11 April 2009, having raised a total of £153,516.51.[3] The first buses started running on 6 January 2009 - 800 are running around the whole of the UK and it is also planned to place 1,000 adverts on the London Underground featuring quotations from famous atheists. Subsequently, two large LCD screens have been placed on Oxford Street, central London.[4]
  • 393 Since the target for the buses was reached many times over, and the buses are now on the streets, visitors to the Atheist Bus website are now being encouraged to donate to the general campaigns of the British Humanist Association instead through a new, linked, campaign called The Next Stop. However any further money given to the main campaign will go to a second wave of adverts after the donation site closes on April 11. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atheist_Bus_Campaign - Accessed December 15th, 2009. * * * Is it not time the believers in God marched down the same streets to show respect and praise to their Creator? Is it not the time a minimum of a billion men and women from across the world marched down the streets of their capital cities the same day with signs in their hands that read: “Thank you Lord”, “Lord Is”, “Lord rules!”, “Lord is awesome!”, “Forgive us Lord”, “All praise belongs to Lord”? Is it not the least, us, the mankind can do for all the things God gave us for free? And if not now, just when?
  • 394 • Special Thanks to: The LORD • Many Thanks to: 1. Wikipedia www.wikipedia.com 2. Yahoo www.yahoo.com 3. Google www.google.com 4. Flickr www.flickr.com 5. Theophilos Bible Software www.theophilos.sk I also would like to thank my online friends Chylon Budagher and Angela Adair-Hoy for their views, comments and sincere friendship through the years.
  • 395 • Contact Author: Savasan Yurtsever savasanyurtsever@hotmail.com www.psalmscode.com
  • 396 Psalms Code The Secret of the Lord Almanac of Mankind Savasan Yurtsever
  • 397 [Published in December, 2009] Psalms Code is available in paperback. [Kindle edition available] ISBN-13: 978-1449981082 ISBN-10: 1449981089 Please visit: amazon.com, barnesandnoble.com, tower.com, booksamillion.com or your favorite online bookstore and do a search for Psalms Code to find more about the ordering information.
  • 398 [Published in December, 2010] Psalms Code II is available in paperback. [Kindle edition available] ISBN-13: 978-1456507275 ISBN-10: 1456507273 Please visit: amazon.com, barnesandnoble.com, tower.com, booksamillion.com or your favorite online bookstore and do a search for Psalms Code II to find more about the ordering information.
  • 399 [Published in March, 2011] Psalms Confirm the Koran is available in paperback. [Kindle edition available] ISBN-13: 978-1460945315 ISBN-10: 146094531X Please visit: amazon.com, barnesandnoble.com, tower.com, booksamillion.com or your favorite online bookstore and do a search for Psalms Confirm the Koran to find more about the ordering information.
  • 400 [Published in July, 2011] Psalms Code III is available in paperback. [Kindle edition available] ISBN-13: 978-1463744106 ISBN-10: 1463744102 Please visit: amazon.com, barnesandnoble.com, tower.com, booksamillion.com or your favorite online bookstore and do a search for Psalms Code III to find more about the ordering information.
  • 401 [Published in July, 2012] Scriptural Unity is available in paperback. [Kindle edition available] ISBN-13: 978-1478247425 ISBN-10: 1478247428 Please visit: amazon.com, barnesandnoble.com, tower.com, booksamillion.com or your favorite online bookstore and do a search for Scriptural Unity to find more about the ordering information.