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Firearms remain the most commonly used suicide method amongst youth regardless of race or gender. Research has shown that access to firearms is a significant factor in the increase of youth suicide. (American Association of Suicidology, 2004)
Up to 60% of high school student’s report having suicidal ideation
Not all adolescent attempters may admit to their intent. Therefore any deliberate, self harming behaviors should be considered serious and in need of further evaluation.
Retrospective studies of suicide victims show that more than 90% of people who committed suicide had an addictive or mental disorder (for example, depression or manic-depressive illness). Very often these disorders were not recognized before the suicide. A large proportion have more than one of these disorders. (Epidemiology of Suicidal Behavior, in Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior 1995; 25(1):22-35)
Suicide Rates* Among Persons Ages 10-24 Years, by Race/Ethnicity and Sex, United States, 2002-2006 During 2002-2006, the highest suicide rates for those ages 10-24 years were among the American Indian/Alaskan Natives with 27.72 and 8.50 suicides per 100,000 in males and females, respectively. Source: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
No access to guns and other weapons, medications, sharp objects or other methods of self-harm increases suicide risk, especially when mental health issues exist
Seek Professional Help
Consult a physician or mental health professional immediately.
Individuals contemplating suicide often don't believe they can be helped, so you may have to do more.
Help the person find a knowledgeable mental health professional or a reputable treatment facility, and take them to the treatment.
Take the person to an emergency room or walk-in clinic at a psychiatric hospital.
If a psychiatric facility is unavailable, go to your nearest hospital or clinic.
If the above options are unavailable, call 911 or the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline at 1-800-273-TALK (8255).
Follow-up on Treatment
Child may need your continuing support to pursue treatment after an initial contact.
If medication is prescribed, make sure your friend or loved one is taking it exactly as prescribed. Be aware of possible side effects and be sure to notify the physician if the person seems to be getting worse.
Frequently the first medication doesn't work. It takes time and persistence to find the right medication(s) and therapist for the individual person.
Section 5150 is a section of the California Welfare and Institutions Code that allows a qualified officer or clinician to involuntarily confine a person deemed (or feared) to have a mental disorder that makes them a danger to him or her self, and/or others and/or gravely disabled.
WHAT THIS MEANS:
Your child may be kept safe & supervised for 72 hours to ensure that he/she does not hurt themselves
The presence of resiliency factors can lessen the potential of risk factors to lead to suicidal ideation and behaviors. Once a child or adolescent is considered at risk, schools, families, and friends should work to build these factors in and around the youth. These include:
Family support and cohesion, including good communication.
Peer support and close social networks.
School and community connectedness.
Cultural or religious beliefs that discourage suicide and promote healthy living.
Adaptive coping and problem-solving skills, including conflict-resolution.
General life satisfaction, good self-esteem, sense of purpose.
Easy access to effective medical and mental health resources.