INTRODUCTION OF NEPAL TOURISM IN NEPAL MAJOR TOURIST ATTRACTIONS CULTURAL WORLD HERITAGE SITES PURPOSE OF TOURIST VISIT
• Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal• A landlocked Sovereign state located in between People’s Republic of China and Republic of India• 93rd Largest country ( 147,181 sq. km area)• 41st most populous country ( 27 million people)• Kathmandu – National Capital• Secular Country (81% Hinduism, Buddhism, Muslim and others)
Sovereign Nepal built in 1769 by Father of Nation King Prithvi Narayan Shah Rana Rule During the mid-19th Century Ranas were overthrown in a democracy movement of the early 1950 King Mahendra dismissed the first democratic government in 1960 A People’s Movement in 1990. Paving way for multi party democracy 1st June 2001, a horrific tragedy wiped out the entire royal family including King Birendra. In April 2006, another People’s Movement was launched. On May 28,2008, the newly elected Constituent Assembly declared Nepal a Federal Democratic Republic, abolishing the 240 year-old monarchy.
• Nepal’s ecological zones run east to west about 800 km along its Himalayan axis, 150 to 250 km north to south• Three main geographical regions: Himalayan region, mid hill region and Terai region• Eight of the 14 highest Peaks of the world lie in Nepal: Mount Everest (8,848 m), Kanchenjunga (8,586 m), Lhotse (8,516 m), Makalu (8,463 m), Cho Oyu (8,201m), Dhaulagiri (8,167 m), Manaslu (8,163 m) and Annapurna (8,091 m)• “Waters Towers of South Asia” with its 6,000 rivers
The average temperatures and rainfall during peak summer and winter in three mostpopular tourist areasPlace Summer (May, June, July) Winter (Dec, Jan, Feb) Max (°C) Min (°C) Rain (mm) Max (°C) Min (°C) Rain (mm)Kathmandu 28.1 19.5 312 19.3 3.0 15.4Pokhara 29.7 21.3 829.7 20.3 7.7 26.3Chitwan 33.0 25.3 404.0 24.1 8.3 13.8
• Natural Protected area covers 23.23% of total area• 10 National parks, 6 conservations areas, 1 hunting reserves• 2 UNESCO listed Natural World Heritage Sites: Chitwan National Park and Sagarmatha National Park• 6,391 species of flowering plants recorded in Nepal• Nepal is home 850 species of birds and more than half of these are found in the Kathmandu Valley
Why People from around the worldwant to visit Nepal ?
• World Heritage sites• Historically and spiritually celebrated Monuments• Very Economical and people friendly nation• Natural Diversity, Beauty, flora and Fauna• Culture, People and lifestyle• Best known destination for Adventurous Expeditions
• World Heritage Sites (Cultural): Kathmandu Valley Lumbini• World Heritage Sites (Natural): Chitwan National Park Sagarmatha National Park
• More than 30 National Parks, wild life reserves, conservation areas and hunting reserves• 8 out of 15 highest peak Himalayan ranges including Mt. Everest• Rivers , hills, caves, lakes, springs etc• Natural landscapes forTREEKINGMOUNTAINEERING & MOUNTAIN BIKINGRIVER RAFTINGJUNGLE SAFARIVILLAGE TOURSBUNGEE JUMPINGPARAGLIDING