• Regarded by some historians as the “Oldest living civilization
of Earth", the Indian tradition dates back to 8,000 BC
• The culture of India has been shaped not only by its long
history, but also by its ancient heritages.
• India's languages, religions, dance, music, architecture and
customs differ from place to place within the country
RELIGIONS AND SPIRITUALITY
• India is the birth place of Hinduism, Buddhism,
Jainism and Sikhism, collectively known as
• India is also the birthplace for the Sikh, Jain,
Lingayat and Ahmadiyya faiths.
• Christianity, Zoroastrianism, Judaism and the
Baha’i Faith are also influential but their
numbers are smaller
• From an early age, children are reminded of their roles and
places in society.
• Many believe gods and spirits have an integral and functional
role in determining their life.
• Several differences such as religion divide the culture.
• It is common that three or four generations of the family live
under the same roof.
FAMILY AND MARRIAGE
• India has had a prevailing tradition of the joint family system
• The eldest male member is the head in the joint Indian family system.
• For centuries, arranged marriages have been the tradition in Indian
• In India, the marriage is thought to be for life, and the divorce rate is
extremely low — 1.1% compared with about 50% in the United States.
• The three national holidays in India, the
Independence Day, the Republic Day and the
• Hindu festivals of Navratri, Diwali, Ganesh
Chaturti, Durga Puja, Holi, Rakshabandhan and
• Islamic festivals, such Eid ul-Fitr, Eid al-Adha
and Ramadan, are celebrated by Muslims
• Sikh Festivals , such as Guru Nanak Jayanti,
Baiskhi are celebrated with full fanfare by Sikhs
• Indian cuisine are characterized by their sophisticated and
subtle use of many spices and herbs
• a significant portion of Indian food is vegetarian, many
traditional Indian dishes also include chicken, goat, lamb,
fish and other meats.
• Indian cuisine varies from region to region
• Indian cuisine is one of the most popular cuisines across
• The popularity of curry, which originated in India, across
Asia has often led to the dish being labeled as the "pan-
• In India, a person's social status is perceived to be
symbolized by his or her attire.
• Popular styles of dress include draped garments such
as sari for women and dhoti or lungi for men
• Since India's weather is mostly hot and rainy, majority
of Indians wear sandals.
• The 1980s was marked by a widespread modification
changing Indian attitudes towards multiculturalism.
• Dance: Indian dance too has diverse folk
and classical forms
• Drama and theater: Kalidasa’s plays like
Shakuntala and Meghadoota are some of
the older plays, following those of Bhasa
• Music: The music of India includes
multiple varieties of religious, folk,
popular, pop, and classical music
MEDIA ON CULTURE
• The impact of mass media on culture in India is very significant
• With regards to their dressing and personifications of themselves, mass
media has affected the lives of people in many ways.
• Social structures in India have also changed with respect to the caste
• Village theatre and dance (nautanki) has been replaced by cinema and
TRADITIONAL FORMS OF COMMUNICATION AND
• In the past, Indian drama and theatre were a significant part of
“Indian culture” and some of the oldest plays in the world
originated from India.
• These have since been replaced by Bollywood cinema and the
• Finally, the music of India includes multiple varieties of folk, pop
and classical music.
CHANGES IN SOCIAL STRUCTURE
• Caste members are expected to marry within the group and
follow caste rules pertaining to diet, avoidance of ritual pollution,
and many other aspects of life.
• With the advent of mass media and channels of communication
and information, the Brahmins who have traditionally been at
the top of the caste system have been replaced by those with
colour television sets in their homes