All about WHISKY
By: Saurabh S Sawhney
By: Saurabh S Sawhney
Whiskey (for Americans
& Irish) or whisky (for
Canadians, Scotts & rest
of the World)
refers to a
broad category of
that are distilled
from fermented grain
and aged in wooden
Major Whiskey Regions
Whiskey making process
In Latin Whisky is called “aqua vitae aquavit” meaning "water of life"
*Barley (grain) is malted then dried
*Drying (can involve the burning of
*Next it is mashed (mixed with hot water)
*Yeast is added and mixture is fermented
*The wash is distilled and collected
Matured in casks (bourbon barrels)
*Single Malt vs blends
Whiskey’s can be made
from a variety of cereals
depending on their types
These cereals are
The process which converts barley to
MALT( refer to malting process in
making of beer)
The Process #2MASHING:
Which produces WORT (sugar solution)
from ground or crushed MALT.
The Process #3FERMENTATION :
A process that produces WASH (a
weak, crude, impure spirit) consequent
upon the introduction of YEAST in the
The Process #4
The process that strengthens and
purifies the spirit contained in the
WASH and also separates the solids
contained in the spirituous liquor.
Generally 2 distillations happen
• The "wash" ("wort" fermented) is distilled
twice in Pot stills and Esprit Still.
• In the first distillation pot still get called
"low wine" of 25-30 °, and distilling these
into the second distillation, we get a
whiskey of 60 ° -70 ° in heads.
• Finally we come to the aging.
The process that transforms the raw SPIRIT
After the period of maturation the
spirit is bottled to be sold.
Must be distilled at a Scottish distillery from
water and malted barley, to which only other
whole grains may be added, have been
processed at that distillery into a mash, and
fermented only by the addition of yeast.
Must be matured in Scotland in oak casks for
not less than three years.
Must not contain any added substance
other than water and caramel color.
Types of ScotchSingle Malt Whisky
It is a malt whisky from one
Macallan, Balvenie, Glenliv
Park, Lagavulin, Laphroaig
Blended Scotch whisky
It is a mixture of malt
and grain whisky.
(Johnnie Walker, Cutty
Sark, Famous Grouse,
It is a whiskey made in
The grains used in making of
Irish whiskey are barley, rye
Irish whiskey has to be
distilled thrice and matured
for at least three years. No
peat fire is used to dry the
These Whiskeys are called
Made not less than 51% corn
with Malted barley.
Rye is also used
Barrels used are charred /
toasted and made of
Eg – Wild Turkey, Maker’s Mark
and Jim beam
Whiskeys are produced form a
Produces some of the world’s
richest and smoothest whiskies.
Charred in oak casks and then
filtered through a mass of
Eg- Jack Daniel’s no 7
Made from blends of different
Rye, Corn and Malted Barley
They have a reputation of being
the lightest of all classic whiskies.
Famous Brands – Canadian Club
and Crown Royal
Made from various distilled
spirits from predominantly
(by- product of refined sugarcane)
but nowadays barley malt is also used.
(90% of the "whisky" consumed in India
is molasses based)
Some of the famous Indian
whiskies are : Royal
Challenge, Bagpiper, Antiquity
Whiskey is served in the
-Up (liquor shaken or stirred with ice and
then strained & served without ice)
-On the rocks (liquor poured over
- Neat ( liquor served without being
chilled and without any water, ice, or
-With Mixers (Mixed with another
drink e.g. coke, soda etc.)
Whiskey is generally served
in an old fashioned glass
Whiskey Glass Types & Usage
The type of whiskey glass used really does make a difference. There are different glasses for
different types of drinks. Most people have a preferred way to enjoy their whiskey and it just
makes sense to drink from a whiskey glass that matches the style.
Which Whiskey Glass to Use:-
old fashioned glass
Simplistic Drinking Pleasure
There are some whiskey drinkers who are not interested in all the fancy extras.
They like their drinks straight up, adding no additional ingredients or ice. The
standard, old-fashioned glass, often referred to as a lowball glass, is perfectly
suitable for this purpose. It has a thick base that resists breaks for those who
want to use a muddler.
Taking it On the Rocks
This type of glass is called the rocks glass and is designed especially to make
room for the additional volume ice brings to the drink. It features a heavy,
sturdy bottom that makes it easier to handle.
Slammers Taking Shots
It is not every whiskey drinker’s style to sip slow and savor every drop. Some
simply want to get on with the experience, slamming down the drink and
zipping to the feeling. For these, the shot glass is the perfect match.
highball glass (tumbler)
Go Long for Mixed Drinks
Whiskey purists may find it atrocious to add anything to the drink, but not everybody
feels that way. There are many who enjoy exploring their creativity by adding all sorts of
delicious ingredients. For mixed drinks, the long high ball glass is ideal. These glasses
stand tall for handling the greater volume.
Make Drinking an Event
Those who are passionate about their whiskey make a big deal out of each drink.
They want classiness and style in glasses that will allow them to drink skillfully,
making careful observations about the quality of the liquid. These drinkers may find
the snifter has all they could ask for and more. While most commonly used by
brandy drinkers, these snifters can be considered glasses used for whiskey also.
Glencairn whiskey glass
Drink Malt with the Glencairn
There are not many glasses for whiskey drinking that have made such an entrance
into the public awareness as the Glencairn. This glass was brought to the world of
drinking enthusiasts in 2001 by Raymond Davidson, a Scottish inventor. Its wide
bottom grants a great deal of stability while the tapered top effectively draws the
aroma to the nose of the drinker. Those who like to enjoy malt whiskey will find this
whiskey glass ideal.
The whiskeys most expensive
• This is the most expensive whiskey
in the world. It is imported and
marketed the Freixenet group and
there are only a few bottles of this
Dalmore 1968 / 45 Year Old /
Costs Rs 20 Lacs/Bottle in the Indian
effects of whiskey
The effects of the whisky depends on the amount
consumed, but there are other circumstances that may
accelerate or exacerbate.
• Age: Young people are more sensitive to the effects of
alcohol on activities that deal with planning, memory and
learning, and are more resistant than adults to the
sedative and motor in coordination.
• The weight and sex: Alcohol affects more serious for
people with lower body mass. In general, women weigh
less and the size of your internal organs are
proportionally smaller, therefore, smaller amounts of
alcohol can quickly generate more psycho-organic
damage and develop alcohol problems more easily than
• The amount and speed of intake: depending on the amount
of alcohol consumed, irrigation can be considered low, high
or dangerous. A higher intake of alcohol in less time,
greater possibility of getting drunk.
• The combination with carbonated drinks (tonic, coke, etc.)
accelerates the effect of alcohol in the body.
• The simultaneous ingestion of food, especially fatty food,
slows the effect but does not prevent the alcohol effect.
• Consuming analgesics/drugs/medicines worsens the effect
and puts the person in a drunk state.
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