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18                                                                        ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.vÆ                                    ...
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Bharat 2010

  1. 1. flÊÁ·¸∑§ ‚¢Œ÷¸-ª˝¢Õ ÷Ê⁄Uà wÆvƪfl·áÊÊ, ‚¢Œ÷¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬˝÷ʪ mÊ⁄UÊ ‚¢∑§Á‹Ã ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Áfl÷ʪ ‚ÍøŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝‚Ê⁄UáÊ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U
  2. 2. wÆvÆ (‡Ê∑§ v~xv)zyflÊ¢ ‚¢S∑§⁄UáÊ ISBN : 978-81-230-1623-8 REF-HIN-OP-071-2009-10© ªfl·áÊÊ, ‚¢Œ÷¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬˝÷ʪ◊ÍÀÿ— xÆÆ.ÆÆ L§¬ÿ•¬⁄U ◊„UÊÁŸŒ‡Ê∑§ (¬˝÷Ê⁄UË), ¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Áfl÷ʪ, ‚ÍøŸÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝‚Ê⁄UáÊ ◊¢òÊÊ‹ÿ, ÷Ê⁄Uà ‚⁄U∑§Ê⁄U,‚ÍøŸÊ ÷flŸ, ‚Ë.¡Ë.•Ê. ∑§Êêå‹Ä‚, ‹ÊœË ⁄UÊ«U, Ÿß¸ ÁŒÀ‹Ë-vvÆ ÆÆx mÊ⁄UÊ ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡ÊÃfl’‚Êß≈U — www.publicationsdivision.nic.in߸-◊‹ — dpd@mail.nic.in¬˝∑§Ê‡ÊŸ Áfl÷ʪ ªfl·áÊÊ, ‚¢Œ÷¸ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝Á‡ÊˇÊáÊ ¬˝÷ʪ‚¢¬ÊŒŸ ‚¢∑§‹Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚◊ãflÿ∑§◊‹Ê fl◊ʸ ∞‚.∞◊. $πÊŸ»§⁄U„Uà ¬⁄UflËŸ ‚È⁄Uãº˝ ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U ⁄UÊ◊Ë ‡Ê◊ʸ Á‚ê◊Ë ∑ȧ◊Ê⁄U•Êfl⁄UáÊ ‚îÊʕʇÊÊ ‚Ä‚ŸÊ‚¢ÿÈÄà ÁŸŒ‡Ê∑§ (©Uà¬ÊŒŸ)¡.∑§. ø¥º˝ÊÁfl∑˝§ÿ ∑¥§º˝ ÁŒÀ‹Ë-‚ÍøŸÊ ÷flŸ, ‚Ë.¡Ë.•Ê. ∑§Êêå‹Ä‚, ‹ÊœË ⁄UÊ«U, Ÿß¸ ÁŒÀ‹Ë-vvÆ ÆÆx „UÊ‹ Ÿ¢.v~{, ¬È⁄UÊŸÊ ‚ÁøflÊ‹ÿ, ÁŒÀ‹Ë-vvÆ Æzy ◊È¢’߸-|Æv, “’Ë” Áfl¢ª, ∑¥§º˝Ëÿ ‚ŒŸ, ’‹Ê¬È⁄U, ŸflË ◊È¢’߸-yÆÆ {vy ∑§Ê‹∑§ÊÃÊ-}, ∞Så‹Ÿ«U ߸S≈U, ∑§Ê‹∑§ÊÃÊ-|ÆÆ Æ{~ øãŸß¸-“∞” Áfl¢ª ⁄UÊ¡Ê¡Ë ÷flŸ, ’‚¥≈UŸª⁄U, øãŸß¸-{ÆÆ Æ~Æ ¬≈UŸÊ-Á’„UÊ⁄U ⁄UÊÖÿ ‚„U∑§Ê⁄UË ’Ò¥∑§ Á’ÁÀ¢«Uª, •‡ÊÊ∑§ ⁄UÊ¡¬Õ, ¬≈UŸÊ-}ÆÆ ÆÆy ÁÃL§•Ÿ¢Ã¬È⁄U◊-¬˝‚ ⁄UÊ«U, ÁŸ∑§≈U ªfl◊Z≈U ¬˝‚, ÁÃL§•Ÿ¢Ã¬È⁄U◊-{~z ÆÆv ‹πŸ™§-„UÊ‹ Ÿ¢. v, ŒÍ‚⁄UË◊¢Á¡‹, ∑¥§º˝Ëÿ ÷flŸ, ‚ÒÄ≈U⁄U-∞ø, •‹Ëª¢¡, ‹πŸ™§-ww{Æwy „ÒUŒ⁄UÊ’ÊŒ-é‹Ê∑§ Ÿ¢. y, ªÎ„U∑§À¬∑§Êêå‹Ä‚, ∞◊.¡.⁄UÊ«U, ŸÊ◊¬À‹Ë, „ÒUŒ⁄UÊ’ÊŒ-zÆÆ ÆÆv ’¢ª‹ÈL§-¬˝Õ◊ Ë, “∞»§” Áfl¢ª, ∑¥§º˝Ëÿ ‚ŒŸ,∑§Ê⁄UÊ◊¢ª‹Ê, ’¢ª‹ÈL§-z{Æ Æxy •„U◊ŒÊ’ÊŒ-•¢Á’∑§Ê ∑§Êêå‹Ä‚, ¬˝Õ◊ Ë, ¬Ê‹ŒË, •„U◊ŒÊ’ÊŒ-x}Æ ÆÆ| ªÈflÊ„UÊ≈UË-„UÊ©U‚ Ÿ¢. Æ|, ãÿÍ ∑§Ê‹ÊŸË, øŸË∑ȧÕUË, ∑§.∑§.’Ë. ⁄UÊ«U, ªÈflÊ„UÊ≈UË-|}v ÆÆx≈UÊ߬ ‚≈U — Á¬˝¢≈UÊ-flÀ«¸U, wz|~, ◊¢ÁŒ⁄U flÊ‹Ë ª‹Ë, ‡ÊʌˬÈ⁄U, Ÿß¸ ÁŒÀ‹Ë-vvÆ ÆÆ}◊Ⱥ˝∑§ —
  3. 3. •ŸÈ∑˝§◊v. ÷Ê⁄Uà ÷ÍÁ◊ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ÁŸflÊ‚Ë vw. ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ¬˝ÃË∑§ wzx. ⁄UÊ¡ŸËÁÃ∑§ ‚¢⁄UøŸÊ w}y. ∑ΧÁ· {yz. ∑§‹Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ‚¢S∑ΧÁà vv{{. ◊Í‹ •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ •Ê¢∑§«∏U vxw|. flÊÁáÊÖÿ v{Æ}. ‚¥øÊ⁄U v||~. ⁄UˇÊÊ wv~vÆ. Á‡ÊˇÊÊ wywvv. ™§¡Ê¸ w}xvw. ¬ÿʸfl⁄UáÊ xxvvx. ÁflûÊ x|Ævy. ∑§Ê⁄U¬Ê⁄‘U≈U ◊Ê◊‹ yz{vz. πÊl •ÊÒ⁄U ŸÊªÁ⁄U∑§ •Ê¬ÍÁø y{~v{. SflÊSâÿ ∞fl¢ ¬Á⁄UflÊ⁄U ∑§ÀÿÊáÊ zv}v|. •ÊflÊ‚ z~{v}. ÷Ê⁄Uà •ÊÒ⁄U Áfl‡fl {v{v~. ©UlÊª {{ÆwÆ. ãÿÊÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ÁflÁœ |{Æwv. üÊ◊ |}yww. ¡Ÿ‚¢øÊ⁄U }vÆwx. •ÊÿÊ¡ŸÊ }z|wy. ª˝Ê◊ËáÊ Áfl∑§Ê‚ }~xwz. flÒôÊÊÁŸ∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝ÊÒlÊÁª∑§Ë Áfl∑§Ê‚ ~vy
  4. 4. w{. ¬Á⁄Ufl„UŸ vÆv|w|. ¡‹ ‚¢‚ÊœŸ vÆz{w}. ∑§ÀÿÊáÊ vÆ}|w~. ÿÈflÊ ∑§Êÿ¸ •ÊÒ⁄U π‹ vvx}xÆ. ⁄UÊÖÿ ÃÕÊ ∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡Ê vv{Æxv. ⁄UÊc≈˛UËÿ ÉÊ≈UŸÊ∑˝§◊ vw}}xw. ‚Ê◊Êãÿ ‚ÍøŸÊ vw~y
  5. 5. v. ÷Ê⁄Uà ÷ÍÁ◊ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ÁŸflÊ‚Ë ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊ÊŸfl ¡ÊÁà ∑§ Áfl∑§Ê‚ ∑§Ê ©UŒ˜ª◊ SÕ‹ ÃÕÊ ◊ÊŸfl ’Ê‹Ë ∑§Ê ¡ã◊ SÕÊŸ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ÊÕ „UË ‚ÊÕ ÿ„U Œ‡Ê ªÊÕÊ•Ê¥ ∞fl◊¢˜ ¬˝øÁ‹Ã ¬⁄¢U¬⁄UÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ∑§◊¸SÕ‹ ÃÕÊ ßÁÄUÊ‚ ∑§Ê ¡Ÿ∑§ „ÒU– ∑§fl‹ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ „UË ◊ÊŸfl ßÁÄUÊ‚ ∑§Ë „U◊Ê⁄UË ‚’‚ ◊ÍÀÿflÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U Á‡ÊˇÊʬ˝Œ ‚Ê◊ª˝Ë $π¡ÊŸ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ‚„U¡Ë ªß¸ „ÒU– ó◊Ê∑¸§ ≈˜UflÒŸ‚¥ ‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ¬˝ÊøËŸ ∞fl¢ ◊„UÊŸ ‚èÿÃÊ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U ‚èÿÃÊ ’Á◊‚Ê‹ „ÒU– ÿ„U ©UûÊ⁄U ◊¥ Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ ∑§Ë Á„U◊Êë¿UÊÁŒÃ øÊÁ≈UÿÊ¥ ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ŒÁˇÊáÊ ∑§ ™§cáÊ∑§Á≈U’¢œËÿ ‚ÉÊŸ flŸÊ¥ Ã∑§, ¬Ífl¸ ◊¥©U¬¡Ê™§ ’˝rÊÔ¬òÊ ÉÊÊ≈UË ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ¬Á‡ø◊ ◊¥ ÕÊ⁄U ∑§ ◊L§SÕ‹ Ã∑§ xw,}|,w{xv flª¸ Á∑§.◊Ë. ◊¥ »Ò§‹Ê „ÈU•Ê „ÒU– È SflâòÊÃÊ ¬˝ÊÁåà ∑§ ’ÊŒ Á¬¿U‹ {w fl·ÊZ ∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ „U◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê Ÿ ‚Ê◊ÊÁ¡∑§-•ÊÁÕ¸∑§ ŒÎÁc≈U ‚ ’„ÈU•ÊÿÊ◊Ë ¬˝ªÁà ∑§Ë „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄Uà ߂ ‚◊ÿ πÊlÊ㟠©Uà¬ÊŒŸ ∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ •Êà◊ÁŸ÷¸⁄U „ÒU; ÃÕÊ Áfl‡fl ∑§•ÊÒlÊÁª∑§ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ß‚∑§Ê Œ‚flÊ¢ SÕÊŸ „ÒU– ¡ŸÁ„Uà ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝∑ΧÁà ¬⁄U Áfl¡ÿ ¬ÊŸ „UÃÈ •¢ÃÁ⁄UˇÊ ◊¥ ¡ÊŸflÊ‹ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ß‚∑§Ê ¿UΔUÊ SÕÊŸ „ÒU– Áfl‡fl ∑§ ß‚ ‚ÊÃfl¥ Áfl‡ÊÊ‹Ã◊˜ Œ‡Ê ∑§Ê ¬fl¸Ã ÃÕÊ ‚◊Ⱥ˝ ‡Ê· ∞Á‡ÊÿÊ‚ •‹ª ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U, Á¡‚‚ ß‚∑§Ê •‹ª ÷ÊÒªÊÁ‹∑§ •ÁSÃàfl „ÒU– ß‚∑§ ©UûÊ⁄U ◊¥ ◊„UÊŸ Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ ¬fl¸Ã „ÒU,¡„UÊ¢ ‚ ÿ„U ŒÁˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ’…∏UÃÊ „ÈU•Ê ∑§∑¸§ ⁄UπÊ Ã∑§ ¡Ê∑§⁄U, ¬Ífl¸ ◊¥ ’¢ªÊ‹ ∑§Ë πÊ«∏UË •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Á‡ø◊ ◊¢ •⁄U’‚ʪ⁄U ∑§ ’Ëø Á„¢UŒ ◊„Uʂʪ⁄U ‚ ¡Ê Á◊‹ÃÊ „ÒU– ÿ„U ¬ÍáʸÃÿÊ ©UûÊ⁄UË ªÊ‹Êh¸ ◊¥ ÁSÕà „ÒU– ß‚∑§Ë ◊ÈÅÿ ÷ÍÁ◊ }Æy” •ÊÒ⁄U x|Æ{” ©UûÊ⁄UË •ˇÊ¢Ê‡Ê •ÊÒ⁄U{}Æ|” •ÊÒ⁄U ~|Æwz” ¬Ífl˸ Œ‡ÊÊ¢Ã⁄U ∑§ ’Ëø »Ò§‹Ë „ÈU߸ „ÒU– ß‚∑§Ê ÁflSÃÊ⁄U ©UûÊ⁄U ‚ ŒÁˇÊáÊ Ã∑§ x,wvyÁ∑§.◊Ë. •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Ífl¸ ‚ ¬Á‡ø◊ Ã∑§ w,~xx Á∑§.◊Ë. „ÒU– ß‚∑§Ë ÷ÍÁ◊ ‚Ë◊Ê ‹ª÷ª vz,wÆÆ Á∑§.◊Ë. „ÒU–◊ÈÅÿ ÷ÍÁ◊, ‹ˇÊmˬ ‚◊Í„U •ÊÒ⁄U •¢«U◊ÊŸ-ÁŸ∑§Ê’Ê⁄U mˬ ‚◊Í„U ∑§ ‚◊Ⱥ˝-Ã≈U ∑§Ë ∑ȧ‹ ‹¢’Ê߸ |,zv{.{Á∑§.◊Ë. „ÒU–¬˝Ê∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ¬ÎDUÔ ÷ÍÁ◊÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ‚Ë◊ÊflÃ˸ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ©UûÊ⁄U-¬Á‡ø◊ ◊¥ ¬ÊÁ∑§SÃÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U •»§ªÊÁŸSÃÊŸ „Ò¥U– ©UûÊ⁄U ◊¥ øËŸ, Ÿ¬Ê‹ •ÊÒ⁄U÷Í≈UÊŸ „Ò¥U– ¬Ífl¸ ◊¥ êÿÊ¢◊ÊU⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Á‡ø◊ ’¢ªÊ‹ ∑§ ¬Ífl¸ ◊¥ ’¢ÇÊ‹ÊŒ‡Ê ÁSÕà „ÒU– ◊ãŸÊ⁄U ∑§Ë πÊ«∏UË •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Ê∑§¡‹«U◊M§◊äÿ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ê üÊË‹¢∑§Ê ‚ •‹ª ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¢–¬˝Ê∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢⁄UøŸÊ◊ÈÅÿ ÷ÍÁ◊ øÊ⁄U ÷ʪÊ¥ ◊¥ ’¢≈UË „ÒUó ÁflSÃÎà ¬fl¸ÃËÿ ¬˝Œ‡Ê, Á‚¢œÈ •ÊÒ⁄U ª¢ªÊ ∑§ ◊Ҍʟ, ⁄UÁªSÃÊŸË ˇÊòÊ •ÊÒ⁄UŒÁˇÊáÊË ¬˝Êÿmˬ– Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ ∑§Ë ÃËŸ oÎ΢π‹Ê∞¢ „Ò¥U, ¡Ê ‹ª÷ª ‚◊ÊŸÊ¢Ã⁄U »Ò§‹Ë „ÈU߸ „Ò¥U– ß‚∑§ ’Ëø ’«∏U-’«∏U ¬ΔUÊ⁄Uv. xv ◊Êø¸, v~}w ∑§Ê •SÕÊÿË
  6. 6. 2 ÷Ê⁄UÃ-wÆvÆ•ÊÒ⁄U ÉÊÊÁ≈UÿÊ¢ „Ò¥U, ߟ◊¥ ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ∑ȧÀ‹Í ¡Ò‚Ë ∑ȧ¿U ÉÊÊÁ≈UÿÊ¢ ©U¬¡Ê™§, ÁflSÃÎà •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝Ê∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚ÊÒ¥Œÿ¸ ‚÷⁄U¬Í⁄U „Ò¥U– ‚¢‚Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ‚’‚ ™¢§øË øÊÁ≈UÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚ ∑ȧ¿U ßã„UË¥ ¬fl¸Ã o΢π‹Ê•Ê¥ ◊¥ „Ò¥U– •Áœ∑§ ™¢§øÊ߸ ∑§∑§Ê⁄UáÊ •ÊŸÊ-¡ÊŸÊ ∑§fl‹ ∑ȧ¿U „UË Œ⁄UÊZ ‚ „UÊ ¬ÊÃÊ „ÒU, Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ◊ÈÅÿU „Ò¥U ó øÈ¢’Ë ÉÊÊ≈UË ‚ „UÊÃ „ÈU∞ ◊ÈÅÿ÷Ê⁄UÃ-ÁÃé’à √ÿʬÊ⁄U ◊ʪ¸ ¬⁄U ¡‹¬-‹Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ŸÊÕÍ-‹Ê Œ⁄¸, ©UûÊ⁄U-¬Ífl¸ ŒÊÁ¡¸Á‹¢ªU ÃÕÊ ∑§À¬Ê (Á∑§ãŸÊÒ⁄U)∑§ ©UûÊ⁄U-¬Ífl¸ ◊¥ ‚Ëȡ ÉÊÊ≈UË ◊¥ Á‡Ê¬∑§Ë-‹Ê Œ⁄Uʸ– ¬fl¸ÃËÿ ŒËflÊ⁄U ‹ª÷ª w,yÆÆ Á∑§.◊Ë. ∑§Ë ŒÍ⁄UË Ã∑§»Ò§‹Ë „ÒU, ¡Ê wyÆ Á∑§.◊Ë. ‚ xwÆ Á∑§.◊ËU. Ã∑§ øÊÒ«∏UË „ÒU– ¬Ífl¸ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄Uà ÃÕÊU êÿÊ¢◊Ê⁄UU •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Ê⁄Uà ∞fl¢’¢ÇÊ‹ÊŒ‡Ê ∑§ ’Ëø ◊¥ ¬„UÊ«∏UË o΢π‹Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ™¢§øÊ߸ ’„ÈUà ∑§◊ „ÒU– ‹ª÷ª ¬Ífl¸ ‚ ¬Á‡ø◊ Ã∑§ »Ò§‹Ë „ÈU߸ªÊ⁄UÊ, πÊ‚Ë, ¡Ò¥ÁÃÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ŸªÊ ¬„UÊÁ«∏UÿÊ¢ ©UûÊ⁄U ‚ ŒÁˇÊáÊ Ã∑§ »Ò§‹Ë Á◊ ÊÊ ÃÕÊ ⁄UπÊߟ ¬„UÊÁ«∏UÿÊ¥ ∑§Ëo΢π‹Ê ‚ ¡Ê Á◊‹ÃË „Ò¥U– Á‚¢œÈ •ÊÒ⁄U ª¢ªÊ ∑§ ◊Ҍʟ ‹ª÷ª w,yÆÆ Á∑§.◊Ë. ‹¢’ •ÊÒ⁄U wyÆ ‚ xwÆ Á∑§.◊Ë. Ã∑§ øÊÒ«∏U „Ò¥U– ÿ ÃËŸ•‹ª-•‹ª ŸŒË ¬˝áÊÊÁ‹ÿÊ¥-Á‚¢œÈ, ª¢ªÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ’˝rÊÔ¬ÈòÊ ∑§ ÕÊ‹Ê¥ ‚ ’Ÿ „Ò¢– ÿ ‚¢‚Ê⁄U ∑§ Áfl‡ÊÊ‹Ã◊ ‚¬Ê≈U ∑§¿UÊ⁄UËÁflSÃÊ⁄UÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬ÎâflË ¬⁄U ’Ÿ ‚flʸÁœ∑§ ÉÊŸ ˇÊòÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚ ∞∑§ „Ò¥U– ÁŒÀ‹Ë ◊¥ ÿ◊ÈŸÊ ŸŒË •ÊÒ⁄U ’¢ªÊ‹ ∑§Ë πÊ«∏UË ∑§’Ëø ‹ª÷ª v,{ÆÆ Á∑§.◊Ë. ∑§Ë ŒÍ⁄UË ◊¥ ∑§fl‹ wÆÆ ◊Ë. ∑§Ë …U‹ÊŸ „ÒU– ⁄UÁªSÃÊŸË ˇÊòÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê ŒÊ ÷ʪÊ¥ ◊¥ ’Ê¢≈UÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒUó Áfl‡ÊÊ‹ ⁄UÁªSÃÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ‹ÉÊÈ ⁄UÁªSÃÊŸ–Áfl‡ÊÊ‹ ⁄UÁªSÃÊŸ ∑§ë¿U ∑§ ⁄áÊ ∑§ ¬Ê‚ ‚ ©UûÊ⁄U ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ‹ÍŸË ŸŒË Ã∑§ »Ò§‹Ê „ÒU– ⁄UÊ¡SÕÊŸ-Á‚¢œ ∑§Ë ¬Í⁄UË‚Ë◊Ê ⁄UπÊ ß‚Ë ⁄UÁªSÃÊŸ ◊¥ „ÒU– ‹ÉÊÈ ⁄UÁªSÃÊŸ ¡Ò‚‹◊⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ¡Êœ¬È⁄U ∑§ ’Ëø ◊¥ ‹ÍŸË ŸŒË ‚ ‡ÊÈM§ „UÊ∑§⁄U©UûÊ⁄UËU ’¢¡⁄U ÷ÍÁ◊ Ã∑§ »Ò§‹Ê „ÈU•Ê „ÒU– ߟ ŒÊŸÊ¥ ⁄UÁªSÃÊŸÊ¥ ∑§ ’Ëø ’¢¡⁄U ÷ÍÁ◊ ˇÊòÊ „ÒU, Á¡‚◊¥ ¬Õ⁄UË‹Ë÷ÍÁ◊ „ÒU– ÿ„UÊ¢ ∑§ß¸ SÕÊŸÊ¥ ¬⁄U øÍŸ ∑§ ÷¢«UÊ⁄U „Ò¥U– ŒÁˇÊáÊË ¬˝Êÿmˬ ∑§Ê ¬ΔUÊ⁄U y{Æ ‚ v,wwÆ ◊Ë≈U⁄U Ã∑§ ∑§ ™¢§ø ¬fl¸Ã ÃÕÊ ¬„UÊÁ«∏UÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë o΢π‹Ê•Ê¥mÊ⁄UÊ Á‚¢œÈ •ÊÒ⁄U ª¢ªÊ ∑§ ◊ҌʟÊ¥ ‚ ¬ÎÕ∑§ „UÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚◊¥ ¬˝◊Èπ „Ò¥Uó •⁄UÊfl‹Ë, Áfl¢äÿ, ‚ìȫ∏UÊ, ◊Ò∑§Ê‹•ÊÒ⁄U •¡¢ÃÊ– ¬˝Êÿmˬ ∑§ ∞∑§ Ã⁄U»§U ¬Ífl˸ ÉÊÊ≈U „ÒU, ¡„UÊ¢ •ÊÒ‚Ã ™¢§øÊ߸ {vÆ ◊Ë≈U⁄U ∑§ ∑§⁄UË’ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÍ‚⁄UËÃ⁄»§U ¬Á‡ø◊Ë ÉÊÊ≈U, ¡„UÊ¢ ÿ„U ™¢§øÊ߸ ‚ÊœÊ⁄UáÊÃÿÊ ~vz ‚ v,wwÆ ◊Ë≈U⁄U „ÒU, ∑§„UË¥-∑§„UË¥ ÿ„U w,yyÆ ◊Ë≈U⁄U‚ •Áœ∑§ „Ò– ¬Á‡ø◊Ë ÉÊÊ≈U •ÊÒ⁄U •⁄U’ ‚ʪ⁄U ∑§ ’Ëø ‚◊Ⱥ˝ Ã≈U ∑§Ë ∞∑§ ‚¢∑§⁄UË ¬≈˜U≈UË „ÒU , ¡’Á∑§ ¬Ífl˸ ÔÉÊÊ≈U •ÊÒ⁄U ’¢ªÊ‹ ∑§Ë πÊ«∏UË ∑§ ’Ëø øÊÒ«∏UÊ Ã≈UËÿ ˇÊòÊ „ÒU– ¬ΔUÊ⁄U ∑§Ê ÿ„U ŒÁˇÊáÊË ÷ʪ ŸË‹ÁªÁ⁄U ∑§Ë¬„UÊÁ«∏UÿÊ¥ ‚ ’ŸÊ „ÒU, ¡„UÊ¢ ¬Ífl˸ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Á‡ø◊Ë ÉÊÊ≈U Á◊‹Ã „Ò¥U– ß‚∑§ ¬Ê⁄U »Ò§‹Ë ∑§Ê«Ê¸U◊◊ ¬„UÊÁ«∏UÿÊ¢¬Á‡ø◊Ë ÉÊÊ≈U ∑§Ê ÁflSÃÊ⁄U ◊ÊŸË ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U–÷Í-ÃàflËÿ ‚¢⁄U øŸÊ÷Í-ÃàflËÿ ‚¢⁄UøŸÊ èÊË ¬˝Ê∑ΧÁÃ∑§ ‚¢⁄UøŸÊ ∑§Ë Ã⁄U„U ÃËŸ ÷ʪÊ¥ ◊¥ ’Ê¢≈UË ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃË „ÒUó Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ ÃÕÊ©U‚‚ ‚¢’h ¬„UÊ«∏UÊ¥ ∑§Ê ‚◊Í„U, Á‚¢œÈ •ÊÒ⁄U ª¢ªÊ ∑§Ê ◊Ҍʟ ÃÕÊ ¬˝ÊÿmˬËÿ ÷ʪ– ©UûÊ⁄U ◊¥ Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ ¬fl¸Ã ∑§Ê ˇÊòÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Ífl¸ ◊¢ ŸªÊU-‹È‡ÊÊ߸ ¬„UÊ«∏, ¬fl¸Ã ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∑§ ˇÊòÊ „Ò¥–ß‚ ˇÊòÊ ∑§Ê ’„ÈUÃ-‚Ê ÷ʪ, ¡Ê •’ ‚¢‚Ê⁄U ◊¥ ∑ȧ¿U ◊ŸÊ⁄U◊ ¬fl¸ÃËÿ ŒÎ‡ÿ ¬˝SÃÈà ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU, ‹ª÷ª {Æ∑§⁄UÊ«∏U fl·¸ ¬„U‹ ‚◊Ⱥ˝ ÕÊ– ‹ª÷ª ‚ÊàÊU ∑§⁄UÊ«∏U fl·¸ ¬„U‹ ‡ÊÈM§ „È߸ ¬fl¸Ã ÁŸ◊ʸáÊ ¬˝Á∑˝§ÿÊ ∑§ ∑˝§◊ ◊¥Ã‹¿U≈U •ÊÒ⁄U ø≈˜U≈UÊŸÊ¥ ∑§ Ë ’„ÈUà ™¢§ø ©UΔU ª∞– ©UŸ ¬⁄U ◊ÊÒ‚◊Ë •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§≈UÊfl ÃàflÊ¥ Ÿ ∑§Ê◊ Á∑§ÿÊ, ÔÁ¡‚‚ flø◊ÊŸ ©U÷Ê⁄U •ÁSÃàfl ◊¥ •Ê∞– Á‚¢œÈ •ÊÒ⁄U ª¢ªÊ ∑§ Áfl‡ÊÊ‹ ◊Ҍʟ ∑§¿UÊ⁄UË Á◊≈˜U≈UË ∑§ ÷ʪ „Ò¥U, ¡Ê Ô©UûÊ⁄U ◊¢ Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ ∑§Ê ŒÁˇÊáÊ ∑§ ¬˝Êÿmˬ ‚ •‹ª ∑§⁄UÃ „Ò¥U– ¬˝Êÿmˬ •¬ˇÊÊ∑Χà SÕÊÿË •ÊÒ⁄U ÷Í∑¢§¬Ëÿ „U‹ø‹Ê¥ ‚ ◊ÈÄà ˇÊòÊ „ÒU– ß‚ ÷ʪ ◊¥ ¬˝ÊªÒÁÄUÊÁ‚∑§
  7. 7. ÷Ê⁄Uà ÷ÍÁ◊ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ÁŸflÊ‚Ë 3∑§Ê‹ ∑§Ë ‹ª÷ª x}Æ ∑§⁄UÊ«∏U fl·¸ ¬È⁄UÊŸË M§¬Ê¢ÃÁ⁄Uà ø≈˜U≈UÊŸ¥ „Ò¥U – ‡Ê· ÷ʪ ◊¥ ªÊ¥«UflÊŸÊ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ‹Ê ˇÊòÊ ÔÃÕÊ ’ÊŒ ◊¥ Á◊≈˜U≈UË ∑§ ¡◊Êfl ‚ ’ŸÊ ÷ʪ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÁˇÊáÊË ‹Êfl ‚ ’ŸË ø≈˜U≈UÊŸ¥ „Ò¥U– Ô ÔŸÁŒÿÊ¢÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ë ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ øÊ⁄U ‚◊Í„UÊ¥ ◊¥ flªË¸∑Χà ∑§Ë ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃË „Ò¥Uó(v) Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ ∑§Ë ŸÁŒÿÊ¢, (w) ¬˝ÊÿmˬËÿŸÁŒÿÊ¢, (x) Ã≈UËÿ ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ •ÊÒ⁄U (y) •¢Ã—SÕ‹Ëÿ ¬˝flÊ„U ˇÊòÊ ∑§Ë ŸÁŒÿÊ¢– Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ ∑§Ë ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ ’Ê⁄U„U◊Ê‚Ë„Ò¥U, Á¡ã„U¥U ¬ÊŸË •Ê◊ÃÊÒ⁄U ‚ ’»¸§ Á¬ÉÊ‹Ÿ ‚ Á◊‹ÃÊ „ÒU– ߟ◊¥ fl·¸÷⁄U ÁŸ’ʸœ ¬˝flÊ„U ⁄U„UÃÊ „ÒU– ◊ÊŸ‚ÍŸ ∑§◊„UËŸÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ ¬⁄U ÷Ê⁄UË fl·Ê¸ „UÊÃË „ÒU, Á¡‚‚ ŸÁŒÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬ÊŸË ’…∏U ¡ÊŸ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ •Ä‚⁄U ’Ê…∏U •Ê ¡ÊÃË„ÒU– ŒÍ‚⁄UË Ã⁄U»§, ¬˝Êÿmˬ ∑§Ë ŸÁŒÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚Ê◊Êãÿ× fl·Ê¸ ∑§Ê ¬ÊŸË ⁄U„UÃÊ „ÒU, ß‚Á‹∞ ¬ÊŸË ∑§Ë ◊ÊòÊÊ ÉÊ≈UÃË-’…∏UÃË ⁄U„UÃË „ÒU– •Áœ∑§Ê¢‡Ê ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ ’Ê⁄U„U◊Ê‚Ë Ÿ„UË¥ „Ò¥U– Ã≈UËÿ ŸÁŒÿÊ¢, Áfl‡Ê·∑§⁄U ¬Á‡ø◊Ë Ã≈ ∑§Ë, ∑§◊ ‹¢’Ë„Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ߟ∑§Ê ¡‹ª˝„UáÊ ˇÊòÊ ‚ËÁ◊à „ÒU– ߟ◊¥ ‚ •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U ◊¥ ∞∑§Ê∞∑§ ¬ÊŸË èÊ⁄U ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ¬Á‡ø◊Ë ⁄UÊ¡SÕÊŸ◊¥ ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ ’„ÈUà ∑§◊ „Ò¥U– ߟ◊¥ ‚ •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U ÕÊ«∏U ÁŒŸ „UË ’„UÃË „Ò¥U– Á‚¢œÈ •ÊÒ⁄U ª¢ªÊ-’˝rÊÔ¬ÈòÊ-◊ÉÊŸÊ ŸÁŒÿÊ¥ ‚ Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ ∑§Ë ◊ÈÅÿ ŸŒË ¬˝áÊÊÁ‹ÿÊ¢ ’ŸÃË „Ò¥U– Á‚¢œÈ ŸŒËÁfl‡fl ∑§Ë ’«∏UË ŸÁŒÿÊ¥ ◊¢ ‚ ∞∑§ „ÒU– ÁÃé’à ◊¥ ◊ÊŸ‚⁄UÊfl⁄U ∑§ ÁŸ∑§≈U ß‚∑§Ê ©UŒ˜ª◊ SÕ‹ „ÒU– ÿ„U ÷Ê⁄UÂ „ÊÃË „È߸ ¬ÊÁ∑§SÃÊŸ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U •¢Ã ◊¥ ∑§⁄UÊøË ∑§ ÁŸ∑§≈U •⁄U’ ‚ʪ⁄U ◊¥ Á◊‹ ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ˇÊòÊ◊¥ ’„UŸ flÊ‹Ë ß‚∑§Ë ¬˝◊Èπ ‚„UÊÿ∑§ ŸÁŒÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ‚Ëȡ (Á¡‚∑§Ê ©UŒ˜ª◊ ÁÃé’à ◊¥ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU), √ÿÊ‚, Ô⁄UÊflË, øŸÊ’ •ÊÒ⁄U ¤Ê‹◊ „Ò¥U– ª¢ªÊ-’˝rÊÔ¬ÈòÊ-◊ÉÊŸÊ •ãÿ ◊„Uàfl¬Íáʸ ŸŒË ¬˝áÊÊ‹Ë „ÒU ÷ʪË⁄UÕË •ÊÒ⁄U•‹∑§Ÿ¢ŒÊ Á¡‚∑§Ë ©U¬-ŸŒË ÉÊÊÁ≈UÿÊ¢ „Ò¥U ߟ∑§ Œfl¬˝ÿʪ ◊¥ •Ê¬‚ ◊¥ Á◊‹ ¡ÊŸ ‚ ª¢ªÊ ©Uà¬ãŸ „UÊÃË „ÒU–ÿ„U ©UûÊ⁄UÊπ¢«U, ©UûÊ⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê, Á’„UÊ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Á‡ø◊ ’¢ªÊ‹ ⁄UÊÖÿÊ¥ ‚ „UÊÃË „ÈU߸ ’„ÃË „ÒU– ⁄UÊ¡◊„U‹ ¬„UÊÁ«∏UÿÊ¥∑§ ŸËø, ÷ʪË⁄UÕË ’„UÃË „Ò,U ¡Ê Á∑§ ¬„U‹ ∑§÷Ë ◊ÈÅÿœÊ⁄UÊ ◊¥ ÕË, ¡’Á∑§ ¬Œ˜◊Ê ¬Ífl¸ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ’„UÃË „ÈU߸ Ô’¢ª‹ÊŒ‡Ê ◊¥ ¬˝fl‡Ê ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU– ÿ◊ÈŸÊ, ⁄UÊ◊ª¢ªÊ, ÉÊÊÉÊ⁄UÊ, ª¢«U∑§, ∑§Ê‚Ë, êÊ„UÊŸ¢ŒÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ÊŸ ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ ª¢ªÊ ∑§Ë¬˝◊Èπ ‚„UÊÿ∑§ ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ „Ò¥U– øê’‹ •ÊÒ⁄U ’ÃflUÊ ◊„ûfl¬Íáʸ ©U¬-‚„UÊÿ∑§ ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ „Ò¥U ¡Ê ª¢ªÊ ‚ ¬„U‹ ÿ◊ÈŸÊ◊¢ Á◊‹ÃË „Ò¥U– ¬Œ˜◊Ê •ÊÒ⁄U ’˝rÊÔ¬ÈòÊ ’¢ª‹ÊŒ‡Ê ∑§ •¢Œ⁄U Á◊‹ÃË „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ¬Œ˜◊Ê ÿÊ ª¢ªÊ ∑§ M§¬ ◊¥ ’„UÃË Ô Ô⁄U„UÃË „Ò¥U– ’˝rÊÔ¬ÈòÊ ∑§Ê ©UŒ˜÷fl ÁÃé’à ◊¥ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU ¡„UÊ¢ ß‚ “‚Ê¢ª¬Ê” ∑§ ŸÊ◊ ‚ ¡ÊŸÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „Ò •ÊÒ⁄U ÿ„U Ô‹¢’Ë ŒÍ⁄UË Ãÿ ∑§⁄U∑§ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ •L§áÊÊø‹ ¬˝Œ‡Ê ◊¢ ¬˝fl‡Ê ∑§⁄UÃË „ÒU ¡„UÊ¢ ß‚ ÁŒ„UÊ¢ª ŸÊ◊ Á◊‹ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU–¬Ê‚ËÉÊÊ≈U ∑§ ÁŸ∑§≈U, ÁŒéÊÊ¢ª •ÊÒ⁄U ‹ÊÁ„Uà ’˝rÊÔ¬ÈòÊ ŸŒË ◊¥ Á◊‹ ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U; Á»§⁄U ÿ„U ŸŒË •‚◊ ‚ „UÊÃË „ÈU߸œÈ’⁄UË ∑§ ’ÊŒ ’¢ª‹ÊŒ‡Ê ◊¥ ¬˝fl‡Ê ∑§⁄U ¡ÊÃË „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ’˝rÊÔ¬ÈòÊ ∑§Ë ¬˝◊Èπ ‚„UÊÿ∑§ ŸÁŒÿÊ¥ ◊¢ ‚È’ÊŸÁ‚⁄UË, Á¡ÿÊ ÷⁄U‹Ë, œŸüÊË, ¬ÈÕË◊Ê⁄UË,¬ª‹ÊŒËÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U êÊÊŸ‚ „Ò¥U– ’¢ª‹ÊŒ‡Ê ◊¥ ’˝rÊÔ¬ÈòÊ ◊¢ ÃËSÃÊ •ÊÁŒ ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ Á◊‹∑§⁄U •¢Ã ◊¥ ª¢ªÊ ◊¥ Á◊‹¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U– ◊ÉÊŸÊ ∑§Ë ◊ÈÅÿœÊ⁄UÊ ’⁄UÊ∑§ ŸŒË ∑§Ê ©UŒ˜÷fl ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄U ∑§Ë ¬„UÊÁ«∏UÿÊ¥ ◊¥ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚∑§Ë ◊ÈÅÿ Ô‚„UÊÿ∑§ ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ ◊Ä∑ͧ, òÊÊ¢Uª, ÃÈ߸fl߸, Á¡⁄UË, ‚ÊŸÊ߸, L§∑§ŸË, ∑§Ê≈UÊπ‹, œ‹‡fl⁄UË, ‹¢ªÊøËŸË, ◊ŒÈflÊ •ÊÒ⁄U¡Á≈¢UªÊ „Ò¥U– ’⁄UÊ∑§ ’¢ª‹ÊŒ‡Ê ◊¢ Ã’ Ã∑§ ’„UÃË ⁄U„UÃË „ÒU ¡’ Ã∑§ Á∑§ èÊÒ⁄Ufl ’Ê¡Ê⁄U ∑§ ÁŸ∑§≈U ª¢ªÊ-’˝rÊÔ¬ÈòÊŸŒË ◊¥ ß‚∑§Ê Áfl‹ÿ Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊ ¡ÊÃÊ– ŒÄ∑§Ÿ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ¬˝◊Èπ ŸŒË ¬˝áÊÊÁ‹ÿÊ¢ ’¢ªÊ‹ ∑§Ë πÊ«∏UË ◊¢ ¡Ê∑§⁄UÁ◊‹ÃË „Ò¥U– ’„UŸ flÊ‹Ë ¬˝◊Èπ •¢ÁÃ◊ ŸÁŒÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ªÊŒÊfl⁄UË, ∑ΧcáÊÊ, ∑§Êfl⁄UË, ◊„UÊŸŒË •ÊÁŒ „Ò¥U– Ÿ◊¸ŒÊ •ÊÒ⁄UÃÊåÃË ¬Á‡ø◊ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄ ’„UŸ flÊ‹Ë ◊ÈÅÿ ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ „Ò¥U– ‚’‚ ’«∏UÊ ÕÊ‹Ê ŒÁˇÊáÊË ¬˝Êÿmˬ ◊¥ ªÊŒÊfl⁄UË ∑§Ê „ÒU– ß‚◊¥ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ∑ȧ‹ ˇÊòÊ ∑§Ê ‹ª÷ª vƬ˝ÁÇÊà ÷ʪ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „ÒU– ¬˝ÊÿmˬËÿ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ŒÍ‚⁄UÊ ‚’‚ ’«∏UÊ ÕÊ‹Ê ∑ΧcáÊÊ ŸŒË ∑§Ê „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ÃË‚⁄UÊ’«∏UÊ ÕÊ‹Ê ◊„UÊŸŒË ∑§Ê „ÒU– ŒÁˇÊáÊ ∑§Ë ™§¬⁄UË ÷ÍÁ◊ ◊¥ Ÿ◊¸ŒÊ •⁄U’ ‚ʪ⁄U ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ’„ÃË „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U
  8. 8. 4 ÷Ê⁄UÃ-wÆvÆŒÁˇÊáÊ ◊¥ ∑§Êfl⁄UË ’¢ªÊ‹ ∑§Ë πÊ«∏UË ◊¥ Áª⁄UÃË „ÒU, ߟ∑§ ÕÊ‹ ’⁄UÊ’⁄U ÁflSÃÊ⁄U ∑§ „Ò¥, ÿlÁ¬ ©UŸ∑§ËÁfl‡Ê·ÃÊ∞¢ •ÊÒ⁄U •Ê∑§Ê⁄U Á÷ãŸ-Á÷㟠„Ò¥U– ∑§ß¸ Ã≈UËÿ ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ „Ò¥U ¡Ê ÃÈ‹ŸÊà◊∑§ M§¬ ‚ ¿UÊ≈UË „Ò¥U– ∞‚ËÁªŸË-øÈŸË ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ ¬Ífl˸ Ã≈U ∑§ «UÀ≈UÊ ∑§ ÁŸ∑§≈U ‚◊Ⱥ˝ ◊¥ Á◊‹ ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U ¡’Á∑§ ¬Á‡ø◊ Ã≈U ¬⁄U ∞‚Ë∑§⁄Ë’ {ÆÆ ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ „Ò¥U– ⁄UÊ¡SÕÊŸ ◊¥ ∑§ß¸ ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ ‚◊Ⱥ˝ ◊¢ Ÿ„UË¥ Á◊‹ÃË¥– fl Ÿ◊∑§ ∑§Ë ¤ÊË‹Ê¥ ◊¢ Á◊‹∑§⁄U ⁄Uà ◊¥ ‚◊Ê ¡ÊÃË„Ò¥U ÄÿÊ¢Á∑§ ߟ∑§Ê ‚◊Ⱥ˝ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ∑§Ê߸ ÁŸ∑§Ê‚ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU– ߟ∑§ •‹ÊflÊ ⁄UÁªSÃÊŸË ŸÁŒÿÊ¢ ‹ÍŸË ÃÕÊ •ãÿ,◊Ê¿ÍU, M§¬Ÿ, ‚⁄USflÃË, ’ŸÊ¢‚ ÃÕÊ ÉÊÇÉÊ⁄U „Ò¥U ¡Ê ∑ȧ¿U ŒÍ⁄UË Ã∑§ ’„U∑§⁄U ◊L§SÕ‹ ◊¢ πÊ ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥–¡‹flÊÿÈ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ë ¡‹flÊÿÈ •Ê◊ÃÊÒ⁄U ‚ ©UcáÊ∑§Á≈U’¢œËÿ „ÒU– ÿ„UÊ¢ øÊ⁄U ´§ÃÈ∞¢ „UÊÃË „Ò¥U— v. ‡ÊËà ´§ÃÈ(¡Ÿfl⁄UË-»§⁄Ufl⁄UË), w. ª˝Ëc◊ ´§ÃÈ (◊Êø¸-◊߸), x. fl·Ê¸ ´§ÃÈ ÿÊ “ŒÁˇÊáÊ-¬Á‡ø◊Ë ◊ÊŸ‚ÍŸ ∑§Ê ◊ÊÒ‚◊”(¡ÍŸ-Á‚â’⁄U) •ÊÒ⁄U y. ◊ÊŸ‚ÍŸ ¬‡øÊØ ´§ÃÈ (•ÄÃÍU’⁄U-ÁŒ‚¢’⁄U), Á¡‚ ŒÁˇÊáÊ ¬˝Êÿmˬ ◊¥ “©UûÊ⁄U-¬Ífl¸◊ÊŸ‚ÍŸ ∑§Ê ◊ÊÒ‚◊” èÊË ∑§„UÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ë ¡‹flÊÿÈ ¬⁄U ŒÊ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ◊ÊÒ‚◊Ë „UflÊ•Ê¥ ∑§Ê ¬˝÷Êfl¬«∏UÃÊ „ÒUó ©UûÊ⁄U-¬Ífl˸ ◊ÊŸ‚ÍŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒÁˇÊáÊ-¬Á‡ø◊Ë ◊ÊŸ‚ÍŸ– ©UûÊ⁄U-¬Ífl˸ ◊ÊŸ‚ÍŸ ∑§Ê •Ê◊ÃÊÒ⁄U ¬⁄U “‡ÊËÃ◊ÊŸ‚ÍŸ” ∑§„UÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ß‚ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸU „UflÊ∞¢ SÕ‹ ‚ ‚◊Ⱥ˝ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄ ’„UÃË „Ò¥U, ¡Ê Á„¢UŒ ◊„Uʂʪ⁄U, •⁄U’‚ʪ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ’¢ªÊ‹ ∑§Ë πÊ«∏UË ∑§Ê ¬Ê⁄U ∑§⁄U∑§ •ÊÃË „Ò¥U– Œ‡Ê ◊¥ •Áœ∑§Ê¢‡Ê fl·Ê¸ ŒÁˇÊáÊ-¬Á‡ø◊Ë ◊ÊŸ‚ÍŸ ‚„UË „UÊÃË „ÒU–¬«∏U-¬ÊÒœ©UcáÊ ‚ ‹∑§⁄U ©UûÊ⁄U œÈ˝fl Ã∑§ ÁflÁflœ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë ¡‹flÊÿÈ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ •Ÿ∑§ ¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§Ë flŸS¬ÁÃÿÊ¢¬Ê߸ ¡ÊÃË „Ò¥U, ¡Ê ‚◊ÊŸ •Ê∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ •ãÿ Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ’„ÈUà ∑§◊ Á◊‹ÃË „Ò¥U– ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ê •ÊΔU flŸS¬Áà ˇÊòÊÊ¥ ◊¥’Ê¢≈UÊ ¡Ê ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒUó ¬Á‡ø◊Ë Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ, ¬Ífl˸ Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ, •‚◊, Á‚¢œÈ ∑§Ê ◊Ҍʟ, ª¢ªÊ ∑§Ê ◊Ҍʟ, ŒÄ∑§Ÿ,◊Ê‹Ê’Ê⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U •¢«U◊ÊŸ– ¬Á‡ø◊Ë Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ ˇÊòÊ ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U ‚ ∑ȧ◊Ê™¢§ Ã∑§ »Ò§‹Ê „ÒU– ß‚ ˇÊòÊ ∑§ ‡ÊËÃÊcáÊ ∑§Á≈U’¢œËÿ ÷ʪ ◊¥øË«∏U, ŒflŒÊ⁄U, ‡Ê¢∑ȧœÊ⁄UË flΡÊÊ¥ (∑§ÊŸË»§‚¸) •ÊÒ⁄U øÊÒ«∏UË ¬ûÊË flÊ‹ ‡ÊËÃÊcáÊ flΡÊÊ¥ ∑§ flŸÊ¥ ∑§Ê ’Ê„ÈUÀÿ „ÒU–ß‚‚ ™§¬⁄U ∑§ ˇÊòÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ŒflŒÊ⁄, ŸË‹Ë øË«∏, ‚ŸÊfl⁄U flÎˇÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ‡flà ŒflŒÊ⁄U ∑§ ¡¢ª‹ „Ò¥U– •À¬Êߟ ˇÊòʇÊËÃÊcáÊ ˇÊòÊ ∑§Ë ™§¬⁄UË ‚Ë◊Ê ‚ y,|zÆ ◊Ë≈U⁄U ÿÊ ß‚‚ •ÁäÊ∑§ ™¢§øÊ߸ Ã∑§ »Ò§‹Ê „ÈU•Ê „ÒU– ß‚ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥™¢§ø SÕÊŸÊ¥ ◊¥ Á◊‹Ÿ flÊ‹ ‡flà ŒflŒÊ⁄U, ‡flà ÷Ê¡flÎˇÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ŒÊ’„UÊ⁄U flÎˇÊ ¬Ê∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ¬Ífl˸ Á„U◊Ê‹ÿˇÊòÊ Á‚ÁÄ∑§◊ ‚ ¬Ífl¸ ∑§Ë •Ê⁄U ‡ÊÈM§ „UÊÃÊ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ß‚∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ŒÊÁ¡¸Á‹¢ª, ∑ȧÁ‚¸ÿÊ¢ª •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ‚ÊÕ ‹ª÷ʪ •ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ß‚ ‡ÊËÃÊcáÊ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ •Ê∑§, ¡ÊÿflΡÊ, Ám»§‹, ’«∏U »Í§‹Ê¥ flÊ‹Ê ‚ŒÊ’„UÊ⁄U flÎˇÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¿UÊ≈UË’¢à ∑§ ¡¢ª‹ ¬Ê∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– •‚◊ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ’˝rÊÔ¬ÈòÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚È⁄U◊Ê ÉÊÊÁ≈UÿÊ¢ •ÊÃË „Ò¥U Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ‚ŒÊ’„UÊ⁄U ¡¢ª‹„Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ’Ëø-’Ëø ◊¥ ÉÊŸ ’Ê¢‚Ê¥ ÃÕÊ ‹¢’Ë ÉÊÊ‚Ê¥ ∑§ ¤ÊÈ⁄U◊È≈U „Ò¥U– Á‚¢œÈ ∑§ ◊ÒŒÊŸË ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ¬¢¡Ê’, ¬Á‡ø◊Ë⁄UÊ¡SÕÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ©UûÊ⁄UË ªÈ¡⁄UÊà ∑§ ◊Ҍʟ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥U– ÿ„U ˇÊòÊ ‡ÊÈc∑§ •ÊÒ⁄U ª◊¸ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ß‚◊¥ ¬˝Ê∑ΧÁÃ∑§flŸS¬ÁÃÿÊ¢ Á◊‹ÃË „Ò¥U– ª¢ªÊ ∑§ ◊ÒŒÊŸË ˇÊòÊ ∑§Ê •Áœ∑§Ã⁄U ÷ʪ ∑§¿UÊ⁄UË ◊Ҍʟ „ÒU •ÊÒ⁄U ߟ◊¥ ª„Í¢U, øÊfl‹•ÊÒ⁄U ªãŸ ∑§Ë πÃË „UÊÃË „ÒU– ∑§fl‹ ÕÊ«∏U ‚ ÷ʪ ◊¥ ÁflÁ÷㟠¬˝∑§Ê⁄U ∑§ ¡¢ª‹ „Ò¥U– ŒÄ∑§Ÿ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ¬˝Êÿmˬ ∑§Ë ‚Ê⁄UË ¬ΔUÊ⁄UË ÷ÍÁ◊ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „ÒU, Á¡‚◊¥ ¬Ã¤Ê«∏U flÊ‹ flΡÊÊ¥ ∑§ ¡¢ª‹Ê¥ ‚ ‹∑§⁄U Ã⁄U„U-Ã⁄U„U ∑§Ë¡¢ª‹Ë ¤ÊÊÁ«∏UÿÊ¥ ∑§ flŸ „Ò¥U– ◊Ê‹Ê’Ê⁄U ˇÊòÊ ∑§ •œËŸ ¬˝Êÿmˬ Ã≈U ∑§ ‚ÊÕ-‚ÊÕ ‹ªŸ flÊ‹Ë ¬„UÊ«∏UË ÃÕÊ•Áœ∑§ Ÿ◊Ë flÊ‹Ë ¬≈˜U≈UË „ÒU– ß‚ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ÉÊŸ ¡¢ª‹ „Ò¥U– ß‚∑§ •‹ÊflÊ, ß‚ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ∑§ß¸ ◊„Uûfl¬Íáʸ Ô
  9. 9. ÷Ê⁄Uà ÷ÍÁ◊ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ÁŸflÊ‚Ë 5√ÿʬÊÁ⁄∑§ »§‚‹¥, ¡Ò‚ ŸÊÁ⁄Uÿ‹, ‚ȬÊ⁄UË, ∑§Ê‹Ë Á◊ø¸, ∑§Ê»§Ë, øÊÿ, ⁄U’«∏U •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§Ê¡Í ∑§Ë πÃË „UÊÃË „ÒU–•¢«U◊ÊŸ ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ‚ŒÊ’„UÊ⁄U, •h¸-‚ŒÊ’„UÊ⁄U, ∑§ë¿U flŸS¬ÁÃ, ‚◊Ⱥ˝Ã≈UËÿ •ÊÒ⁄U •å‹ÊflË ¡¢ª‹Ê¥ ∑§Ë•Áœ∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U ‚ •L§áÊÊø‹ ¬˝Œ‡Ê Ã∑§ ∑§ Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ ˇÊòÊ (Ÿ¬Ê‹, Á‚ÁÄ∑§◊, ÷Í≈UÊŸ, ŸªÊ‹Ò¥«U)•ÊÒ⁄U ŒÁˇÊáÊ ¬˝Êÿmˬ ◊¥ ˇÊòÊËÿ ¬fl¸ÃËÿ üÊÁáÊÿÊ¥ ◊¢ ∞‚ Œ‡ÊË ¬«∏-¬ÊÒœÊ¥ ∑§Ë •Áœ∑§ÃÊ „ÒU, ¡Ê ŒÈÁŸÿÊ ◊¥•ãÿòÊ ∑§„UË¥ Ÿ„UË¥ Á◊‹Ã– flŸ ‚¢¬ŒÊ ∑§Ë ŒÎÁCÔU ‚ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ê»§Ë ‚¢¬ãŸ „ÒU– ©U¬‹éœ •Ê¢∑§«∏UÊ¥ ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ê Áfl‡fl◊¥ Œ‚flÊ¢ •ÊÒ⁄U ∞Á‡ÊÿÊ ◊¥ øÊÒUÕÊ SÕÊŸ „ÒU– •’ Ã∑§ ‹ª÷ª |Æ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ÷Í-÷ʪ ∑§Ê ‚fl¸ˇÊáÊ ∑§⁄UŸ ∑§¬‡øÊÃ˜Ô ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ flŸS¬Áà ‚fl¸ˇÊáÊ ‚¢SÕÊ Ÿ ¬«∏U-¬ÊÒœÊ¥ ∑§Ë y{ „U¡Ê⁄U ‚ •Áœ∑§ ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§Ê ¬ÃÊ ‹ªÊÿÊ„ÒU– flÊÁ„UŸË flŸS¬Áà ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã vz „U¡Ê⁄U ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÊ¢ „Ò¥U– Œ‡Ê ∑§ ¬«∏U-¬ÊÒœÊ¥ ∑§Ê ÁflSÃÎà •äÿÿŸ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ‚fl¸ˇÊáÊ ‚¢SÕÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Œ‡Ê ∑§ ÁflÁ÷㟠÷ʪÊ¥ ◊¥ ÁSÕà ©U‚∑§ ~ ˇÊòÊËÿ ∑§Êÿʸ‹ÿÊ¥ ÃÕÊ ∑ȧ¿U Áfl‡flÁfllÊ‹ÿÊ¥•ÊÒ⁄U •ŸÈ‚¢œÊŸ ‚¢ªΔUŸÊ¥ mÊ⁄UÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡Ê ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– flŸS¬Áà ŸÎ¡ÊÁà ÁflôÊÊŸ ∑§ •¢Ãª¸Ã ÁflÁ÷㟠¬ÊÒœÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ©UŸ∑§ ©Uà¬ÊŒÊ¥ ∑§Ë ©U¬ÿÊÁªÃÊ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥•äÿÿŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ flŸS¬Áà ‚fl¸ˇÊáÊ Ÿ ∞‚ ¬«∏U ¬ÊÒœÊ¥ ∑§Ê flÒôÊÊÁŸ∑§ •äÿÿŸ Á∑§ÿÊ „ÒU– Œ‡Ê∑§ ÁflÁ÷㟠¡Ÿ¡ÊÃËÿ ˇÊòÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ∑§ß¸ ÁflSÃÎà ŸÎ¡ÊÁà ‚fl¸ˇÊáÊ Á∑§∞ ¡Ê øÈ∑§ „Ò¥U– flŸS¬Áà ŸÎ¡ÊÁà ÁflôÊÊŸ ∑§ËŒÎÁCÔU ‚ ◊„Uûfl¬Íáʸ ¬ÊÒœÊ¥ ∑§Ë }ÆÆ ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¬„UøÊŸ ∑§Ë ªß¸ •ÊÒ⁄U Œ‡Ê ∑§ ÁflÁ÷㟠¡Ÿ¡ÊÃËÿ ˇÊòÊÊ¥ ‚©Uã„¢U ß∑§≈˜UΔUÊ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU– Ô πÃË, ©UlÊª •ÊÒ⁄U Ÿª⁄U Áfl∑§Ê‚ ∑§ Á‹∞ ¡¢ª‹Ê¥ ∑§Ë ∑§≈UÊ߸ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ∑§ß¸ ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ¬ÊÒœ ‹Èåà „UÊ⁄U„U „Ò¥U– ¬ÊÒœÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‹ª÷ª vxx{ ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§ ‹Èåà „UÊŸ ∑§Ê πÃ⁄UÊ „ÒU ÃâÊÊ ‹ª÷ª wÆ ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÊ¢ Á¬¿U‹{Æ ‚ vÆÆ fl·ÊZ ∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ ÁŒπÊ߸ Ÿ„UË¥ ¬«∏UË „Ò¥U– ‚¢÷ÊflŸÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ÿ ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÊ¢ ‹Èåà „UÊ øÈ∑§Ë „Ò¥U– ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿflŸS¬Áà ‚fl¸ˇÊáÊ ⁄U«U «UÊ≈UÊ ’È∑§ ŸÊ◊ ‚ ‹Èåà ¬˝Êÿ ¬ÊÒœÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚ÍøË ¬˝∑§ÊÁ‡Êà ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU–¡Ëfl-¡¢ÃÈ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ¬˝ÊáÊË ‚fl¸ˇÊáÊ Áfl÷ʪ, Á¡‚∑§Ê ◊ÈÅÿÊ‹ÿ ∑§Ê‹∑§ÊÃÊ ◊¥ „ÒU, Œ‡Ê ∑§ ÁflÁ÷㟠Á„US‚Ê¥ ◊¥ •¬Ÿv{ ˇÊòÊËÿ ∑¢§º˝Ê¥ ∑§ ¡Á⁄U∞ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ¡Ëfl-¡¢ÃÈ•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ÁflÁ÷㟠¡ÊÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§ ‚fl¸ˇÊáÊ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§⁄UÃÊ „ÒU–¡‹flÊÿÈ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝Ê∑ΧÁÃ∑§ flÊÃÊfl⁄UáÊ ∑§Ë √ÿʬ∑§ Á÷ãŸÃÊ ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ }~ „U¡Ê⁄U ‚ •Áœ∑§ Á∑§S◊∑§ ¡Ëfl-¡¢ÃÈ ¬Ê∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¢– ߟ◊¥ w,z|| ¬˝ÊÁ≈US≈UÊ (•Êl¡Ëfl), z,Æ|Æ ◊ÊÀÊS∑§ ¬˝ÊáÊË, {},x}~∞¢Õ˝Ê¬Ê«UÊ, vv~ ¬˝Ê≈UÊ∑§ÊÚ«U¸≈UÊ, w,zy{ Á∑§S◊ ∑§Ë ◊¿UÁ‹ÿÊ¢, wÆ~ Á∑§S◊ ∑§ ©U÷ÿøÊ⁄UË, yz{ Á∑§S◊ ∑§‚⁄U˂ά, v,wxw Á∑§S◊ ∑§ ¬ˇÊË, x~Æ Á∑§S◊ ∑§ S߬ÊÿË ¡Ëfl •ÊÒ⁄U },xw~ •ãÿ •∑§‡ÊL§∑§Ë •ÊÁŒ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥U– S߬ÊÿË ¡ËflÊ¥ ◊¥ Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ ∑§Ë ’«∏U •Ê∑§Ê⁄U flÊ‹Ë ¡¢ª‹Ë ÷«∏¥U, Œ‹Œ‹Ë ◊Ϊ, „UÊÕË, ªÊÒ⁄U ÿÊ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ÷Ò¥‚Ê, ŸË‹ ªÊÿ, øÊÒÁ‚¢ªÊ ◊Ϊ ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥U– Á’À‹Ë ¡ÊÁà ∑§ ¬‡ÊÈ•Ê¥ ◊¥ Á‚¢„U •ÊÒ⁄U ‡Ê⁄U ‚flʸÁœ∑§÷√ÿ ÁŒπÃ „Ò¢U– ߟ∑§ •‹ÊflÊ, Á„U◊ Ã¥ŒÈ∞, ÁøûÊË flÊ‹ Ã¥ŒÈ∞ ÃÕÊ ÁøÃ∑§’⁄U Ã¥ŒÈ∞ ¡Ò‚ •ãÿ ÁflÁ‡Êc≈U¬˝ÊáÊË ÷Ë ¬Ê∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¢– S߬ÊÿË ¡ËflÊ¥ ∑§Ë ∑§ß¸ •ãÿ ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÊ¢ •¬ŸË ‚È¢Œ⁄UÃÊ, ⁄¢Uª-Á’⁄¢Uª¬Ÿ, ªÁ⁄U◊Ê •ÊÒ⁄UÁflÁ‡ÊCÔUÃÊ ∑§ Á‹∞ ©UÀ‹ÅÊŸËÿ „Ò¥U– ’«∏UË ‚¢ÅÿÊ ◊¥ ¬Ê∞ ¡ÊŸ flÊ‹ ⁄¢Uª-Á’⁄¢Uª ¬ˇÊË Œ‡Ê ∑§Ë •◊ÍÀÿ œ⁄UÊ„U⁄UÊ¥◊¥ ‚ ∞∑§ „Ò¥U– •Ÿ∑§ Á∑§S◊ ∑§ ¬ˇÊË, ¡Ò‚ ’ûÊπ, ◊ÒŸÊ, ∑§’ÍÃ⁄U, œŸ‡Ê, ÃÊÃ, ÃËÃ⁄U, ◊ÈÁª¸ÿÊ¢ •ÊÒ⁄U ‚ÈŸ„U⁄U⁄¢Uª flÊ‹ ¬ˇÊË ¡¢ª‹Ê¥ •ÊÒ⁄U Œ‹Œ‹Ë ÷ÍÁ◊ ◊¥ ¬Ê∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥– ŸÁŒÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ¤ÊË‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ◊ª⁄U◊ë¿U •ÊÒ⁄U ÉÊÁ«∏UÿÊ‹ ¬Ê∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥U– ÉÊÁ«∏UÿÊ‹ Á‚»¸§ ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ „UË ¬Ê∞ ¡ÊÃ
  10. 10. 6 ÷Ê⁄UÃ-wÆvÆ„Ò¢– ¬Ífl˸ Ã≈U •ÊÒ⁄U •¢«U◊ÊŸ-ÁŸ∑§Ê’Ê⁄U mˬ ‚◊Í„U ◊¥ πÊ⁄U ¬ÊŸË ∑§ ◊ª⁄U◊ë¿U ¬Ê∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¥– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~|y ◊¥‡ÊÈM ∑§Ë ªß¸ ◊ª⁄U◊ë¿U ¬Ê‹Ÿ ÿÊ¡ŸÊ ∑§ ¡Á⁄U∞ ◊ª⁄U◊ë¿UÊ¥ ∑§Ë ŸS‹ ∑§Ê ‹Èåà „UÊŸ ‚ ’øÊÿÊ ªÿÊ– Áfl‡ÊÊ‹ Á„U◊Ê‹ÿ o΢Îπ‹Ê ◊¢ ∑§ß¸ •àÿ¢Ã •Ê∑§·¸∑§ ¡Ëfl-¡¢ÃÈ ¬Ê∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¢, Á¡Ÿ◊¥ ¡¢ª‹Ë ÷«∏U •ÊÒ⁄U’∑§Á⁄UÿÊ¢, ◊Ê⁄UπÊ⁄U, ‚ÊÁ∑§Ÿ, ¿U¿Í¢UŒ⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ≈UÊÁ¬⁄U ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥U– ¬Ê¢«UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Á„U◊ Ã¥ŒÈ•Ê ™¢§ø ¬„UÊ«∏UË SÕÊŸÊ¥ ◊¥¬Ê∞ ¡ÊÃ „Ò¢U– ∑ΧÁ· •ÊÒ⁄U •ÊflÊ‚ ∑§ Á‹∞ ÷ÍÁ◊ ∑§ ÁflSÃÊ⁄U ‚ flŸ ‚¢¬ŒÊ ŸCÔU „UÊÃË ¡Ê ⁄U„UË „ÒU– ÷ÍÁ◊ ∑§Ê •Áœ∑§-‚-•Áœ∑§ ßSÃ◊Ê‹, ¬˝ŒÍ·áÊ, ∑§Ë≈UŸÊ‡Ê∑§Ê¥ ∑§ ¬˝ÿÊª, ‚Ê◊ÈŒÊÁÿ∑§ ‚¢⁄øŸÊ ∑§ •‚¢ÃÈ‹Ÿ, ’Ê…∏U, ‚ÍπÊ •ÊÒ⁄UÃÍ$»§ÊŸ •ÊÁŒ ∑§ ¬˝∑§Ê¬ ‚ ÷Ë ¬«∏U-¬ÊÒœÊ¥ ∑§Ê ∑§Ê»§Ë ˇÊÁà ¬„È¢UøÃË „ÒU– x~ ‚ •ÁäÊ∑§ ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§S߬ÊÿË ¡ËflÊ¥, ¬ÁˇÊÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë |w, ‚⁄U˂ά ∑§Ë v|, ©U÷ÿøÊ⁄UË ¡ËflÊ¥ ∑§Ë ÃËŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ◊¿UÁ‹ÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ŒÊ¬˝¡ÊÁÃÿÊ¢ ÃÕÊ ’«∏UË ‚¢ÅÿÊ ◊¥ ÁÃÃÁ‹ÿÊ¥, ¬Ã¢ªÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§Ë«∏U-◊∑§Ê«∏Ê¥ ∑§ ‹Èåà „UÊ ¡ÊŸ ∑§Ê πÃ⁄UÊ „ÒU–¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ¬ÎDUÔ ÷ÍÁ◊¡ŸªáÊŸÊ÷Ê⁄Uà ◊¥ ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ wÆÆv ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸ •¬Ÿ •Ê¬ ◊¥ ∞∑§ ÿȪʢÃ⁄U∑§Ê⁄UË ∞fl¢ ∞ÁÄUÊÁ‚∑§ ÉÊ≈UŸÊ „ÒU ÄÿÊ¢Á∑§ ÿ„UwvflË¥ ‡ÊÃÊéŒË ÃÕÊ ÃË‚⁄UË ‚„UdÊéŒË ◊¥ „UÊŸ flÊ‹Ë ¬„U‹Ë ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ „ÒU– ß‚‚ „U◊Ê⁄U Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ©U¬‹éœ÷⁄U¬Í⁄U ◊ÊŸfl ‚¢‚ÊœŸ, ©UŸ∑§Ë •Ê’ÊŒË, ‚¢S∑ΧÁà •ÊÒ⁄U •ÊÁÕ¸∑§ SflM§¬ ∑§ ’Ê⁄U ◊¥ ◊„Uûfl¬Íáʸ •Ê¢∑§«∏UÊ¥ ∑§Ê¬ÃÊ ø‹ÃÊ „ÒU– ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ wÆÆv ∑§ Á‹∞ ªáÊŸÊ ∑§Ê ∑§Êÿ¸ ~ ‚ w} »§⁄Ufl⁄UË, wÆÆv ∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ– ß‚∑§¬‡øÊÃ˜Ô ∞∑§ ‚ z ◊Êø¸, wÆÆv Ã∑§ ß‚∑§Ê ‚¢‡ÊÊœŸÊà◊∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄U ø‹Ê– •Ê’ÊŒË ∑§Ë ÁªŸÃË ∑§ ∑§Êÿ¸ ∑§ÊÁ¡‚ ˇÊáÊ ‚ ‡ÊÈM§ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ, ©U‚ ∞∑§ ◊Êø¸, wÆÆv ∑§Ê ÆÆ.ÆÆ ’¡ ◊ÊŸÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU– fl·¸ v~~v Ã∑§¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§Ë ÁªŸÃË ∑§Ë ‡ÊÈL§•Êà ∞∑§ ◊Êø¸ ∑§Ê ‚ÍÿÊ¸Œÿ ∑§ ‚◊ÿ ‚ ∑§Ë ¡ÊÃË ÕË– „U◊‡ÊÊ ∑§Ë Ã⁄U„U ’ÉÊ⁄U‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ë ªáÊŸÊ w} »§⁄Ufl⁄UË, wÆÆv ∑§Ë ⁄UÊÁòÊ ‚ ‡ÊÈM§ ∑§Ë ªß¸–¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ∞∑§ ◊Êø¸, wÆÆv ∑§Ê ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ë ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∞∑§ •⁄U’ w ∑§⁄UÊ«∏U }Æ ‹Êπ (zxw.v ∑§⁄UÊ«∏U ¬ÈL§· •ÊÒ⁄Uy~{.y ∑§⁄UÊ«∏U ÁSòÊÿÊ¢) ÕË– ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§ ¬Ê‚ vxz|.~Æ ‹Êπ flª¸ Á∑§.◊Ë. ÷Í-÷ʪ „ÒU ¡Ê Áfl‡fl ∑§ ∑ȧ‹÷Í-÷ʪ ∑§Ê ◊ÊòÊ w.y ¬˝ÁÇÊà „ÒU Á»§⁄U ÷Ë Áfl‡fl ∑§Ë v{.| ¬˝ÁÇÊà •Ê’ÊŒË ∑§Ê ÷Ê⁄U ©U‚ fl„UŸ ∑§⁄UŸÊ¬«∏U ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ’Ë‚flË¥ ‡ÊÃÊéŒË ∑§Ë ‡ÊÈL§•Êà ◊¥ ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ë •Ê’ÊŒË ∑§⁄UË’ wx ∑§⁄UÊ«∏U }y ‹Êπ ÕË ¡Ê ’…∏U∑§⁄U ßÄ∑§Ë‚flË¥‡ÊÃÊéŒË ◊¥ ∞∑§ •⁄U’ w ∑§⁄UÊ«∏U }Æ ‹Êπ Ã∑§ ¬„¢ÈUø ªß¸– ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ë ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§Ë ªáÊŸÊ v~Æv ∑§ ¬‡øÊØ „U⁄UŒ‚ ‚Ê‹ ’ÊŒ „UÊÃË „ÒU– ß‚◊¥ v~vv-wv ∑§Ë •flÁœ ∑§Ê ¿UÊ«∏U∑§⁄U ¬˝àÿ∑§ Œ‡Ê∑§ ◊¥ •Ê’ÊŒË ◊¥ flÎÁh Œ¡¸ ∑§Ëªß¸– fl·¸ v~Æv ‚ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ◊¥ „ÈU߸ flÎÁh ∑§ •Ê¢∑§«∏U ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.v ◊¥ Œ‡Êʸ∞ ª∞ „Ò¥U– ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.w ◊¥ ÁflÁ÷㟠⁄UÊÖÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ flÎÁh ∑§ øÈŸ „ÈU∞ •Ê¢∑§«∏UŒ‡Êʸ∞ ª∞ „Ò¥U– fl·¸ v~~v-wÆÆv ∑§Ë ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ •flÁœ ∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ ∑§⁄U‹ ◊¥ ‚’‚ ∑§◊ ~.yx •ÊÒ⁄U ŸªÊ‹Ò¥«U◊¥ ‚’‚ •Áœ∑§ {y.zx ¬˝ÁÇÊà ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ flÎÁh Œ¡¸ ∑§Ë ªß¸– ÁŒÀ‹Ë ◊¥ •àÿÁœ∑§ y|.Æw ¬˝ÁÇÊÃ,ø¢«U˪…∏U ◊¥ yÆ.w} ¬˝ÁÇÊà •ÊÒ⁄U Á‚ÁÄ∑§◊ ◊¢ xx.Æ{ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ flÎÁh Œ¡¸ ∑§Ë ªß¸– ß‚∑§ ◊È∑§Ê’‹∑§⁄‹, ÃÁ◊‹ŸÊ«ÈU •ÊÒ⁄U •Ê¢œ˝ ¬˝Œ‡Ê ◊¥ v~~v-wÆÆv ∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ flÎÁh ∑§Ê»§Ë ∑§◊ ⁄U„UË– „UÁ⁄UÿÊáÊÊ,
  11. 11. ÷Ê⁄Uà ÷ÍÁ◊ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ÁŸflÊ‚Ë 7©UûÊ⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê, Á’„UÊ⁄U, Á‚ÁÄ∑§◊, ŸªÊ‹Ò¥«U, ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄U, ªÈ¡⁄UÊÃ, Œ◊Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒËfl ÃÕÊ Ÿª⁄U „Ufl‹Ë •ÊÁŒ ∑§Ê¿UÊ«∏U∑§⁄U ‡Ê· ‚÷Ë ⁄UÊÖÿÊ¥/∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ fl·¸ v~~v-wÆÆv ∑ ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ Œ‡Ê∑§ ∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ Á¬¿U‹¡ŸªáÊŸÊ Œ‡Ê∑§ ∑§Ë ÃÈ‹ŸÊ ◊¥ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ flÎÁh Œ⁄U ∑§◊ Œ¡¸ ∑§Ë ªß¸– Á¡Ÿ ⁄UÊÖÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡ÊÊ¥◊¥ ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ Œ‡Ê∑§ ∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ◊¢ flÎÁh Œ¡¸ ∑§Ë ªß¸, ÿ„U ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ë ∑ȧ‹ •Ê’ÊŒË∑§Ê ‹ª÷ª xw ¬˝ÁÇÊà „ÒU–¡Ÿ‚¥ÅÿÊ ÉÊŸàfl¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§Ë ‚ÉÊŸÃÊ ∑§Ê ∞∑§ ◊„Uûfl¬Íáʸ ¬ˇÊ •Ê’ÊŒË ∑§Ê ÉÊŸàfl „ÒU– ß‚ ß‚ M§¬ ◊¥ ¬Á⁄U÷ÊÁ·Ã Á∑§ÿÊ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ¬˝Áà flª¸ Á∑§.◊Ë. ˇÊòÊ ◊¥ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ Á∑§ÃŸË „ÒU– wÆÆv ◊¥ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ •Ê’ÊŒË ∑§Ê ÉÊŸàflxwy ¬˝Áà flª¸ Á∑§.◊Ë. ÕÊ– ‚Ÿ˜Ô v~~v ‚ wÆÆv ∑§ ’Ëø ⁄UÊÖÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§ÉÊŸàfl ◊¥ flÎÁh „ÈU߸ „ÒU– ¬˝◊Èπ ⁄UÊÖÿÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬Á‡ø◊ ’¢ªÊ‹ •÷Ë ÷Ë ‚’‚ ‚ÉÊŸ •Ê’ÊŒË flÊ‹Ê ⁄UÊÖÿ „ÒU– ÿ„UÊ¢wÆÆv ◊¥ •Ê’ÊŒË ∑§Ê ÉÊŸàfl ~Æx ÕÊ– Á’„UÊ⁄U •’ ŒÍ‚⁄U SÕÊŸ ¬⁄U „ÒU ¡’Á∑§ •Ê’ÊŒË ∑§ ÉÊŸàfl ∑§ Á„U‚Ê’‚ ∑§⁄U‹ ∑§Ê SÕÊŸ ÃË‚⁄Ê „ÒU– ⁄UÊÖÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ •Ê’ÊŒË ∑§ ÉÊŸàfl ∑§Ë ÁSÕÁà ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.x◊¥ ÁŒπÊ߸ ªß¸ „ÒU–SòÊË-¬ÈL§· •ŸÈ¬ÊÃSòÊË-¬ÈL§· •ŸÈ¬Êà ∑§Ê ß‚ M§¬ ◊¥ ¬Á⁄U÷ÊÁ·Ã Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ ¬˝Áà vÆÆÆ ¬ÈL§·Ê¥ ∑§ •ŸÈ¬Êà ◊¥ ÁSòÊÿÊ¥∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ Á∑§ÃŸË „ÒU– ß‚‚ ∞∑§ ÁŸÁ‡øà ‚◊ÿ ¬⁄U ‚◊Ê¡ ◊¥ SòÊË-¬ÈL§·Ê¥ ∑§ ’Ëø ‚¢ÅÿÊà◊∑§ ‚◊ÊŸÃÊ∑§Ê •Ê∑§‹Ÿ Á∑§ÿÊ ¡ÊÃÊ „ÒU– Œ‡Ê ◊¥ SòÊË-¬ÈL§· •ŸÈ¬Êà „U◊‡ÊÊ ÁSòÊÿÊ¥ ∑§ ¬˝ÁÃ∑ͧ‹ ⁄U„UÊ „ÒU– ’Ë‚flË¥‡ÊÃÊéŒË ∑§ •Ê⁄¢U÷ ◊¥ ÿ„U •ŸÈ¬Êà ~U|w ÕÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ’ÊŒ v~yv Ã∑§ ß‚◊¥ ÁŸ⁄¢Ã⁄U ∑§◊Ë ∑§Ê L§π ⁄U„UÊ–SòÊË-¬ÈL§· •ŸÈ¬Êà (v~Æv-wÆÆv) ∑§Ê ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.y ◊¥ Œ‡ÊʸÿÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU–‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ wÆÆv ◊¥ ©U‚ √ÿÁÄà ∑§Ê “‚ÊˇÊ⁄U” ◊ÊŸÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU Á¡‚∑§Ë ©U◊˝ ‚Êà fl·¸ ÿÊ ©U‚‚ •Áœ∑§ „ÒU ÃÕÊ¡Ê Á∑§‚Ë ÷Ë ÷Ê·Ê ◊¥ ‚◊¤Ê∑§⁄U ©U‚ Á‹π-åÊ…∏U ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU– ∞‚ √ÿÁÄà ∑§Ê ‚ÊˇÊ⁄U Ÿ„UË¥ ◊ÊŸÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU ¡Ê∑§fl‹ ¬…∏U ‚∑§ÃÊ „ÒU ¬⁄¢UÃÈ Á‹π Ÿ„Ë¥ ‚∑§ÃÊ– fl·¸ v~~v ‚ ¬Ífl¸ „ÈU߸ ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ•Ê¥ ◊¥z flcʸ ‚ ∑§◊ •ÊÿÈ ∑§ ’ìÊÊ¥ ∑§Ê •ÁŸflÊÿ¸ M§¬ ‚ ÁŸ⁄UˇÊ⁄U ◊ÊŸÊ ¡ÊÃÊ ÕÊ– wÆÆv ∑§Ë ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ ∑§¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊Ê¥ ‚ ¬ÃÊ ø‹ÃÊ „ÒU Á∑§ Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ ◊¥ flÎÁh „È߸ „ÒU– Œ‡Ê ◊¥ ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ Œ⁄U {y.}y ¬˝ÁÇÊà „ÒU–¬ÈL§·Ê¥ ∑§Ë ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ Œ⁄U |z.w{ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ÃÕÊ ◊Á„U‹Ê•Ê¥ ∑§Ë ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ Œ⁄U zx.{| ¬˝ÁÇÊà „ÒU– ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ ◊¥ „UÊ⁄U„U ‚ÈœÊ⁄U ∑§Ê ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.z ◊¥ Œ‡ÊʸÿÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU– ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ ∑§Ë ŒÎÁCÔU ‚ ∑§⁄U‹ ‚’‚ ™§¬⁄U „ÒU ¡„UÊ¢ ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ Œ⁄U ~Æ.}{ ¬˝ÁÇÊà „ÒU– ©U‚∑§ ’ÊŒ Á◊¡Ê⁄U◊◊¥ }}.}Æ ¬˝ÁÇÊà •ÊÒ⁄U ‹ˇÊmˬ }{.{{ ¬˝ÁÇÊà ‚ ŒÍ‚⁄U •ÊÒ⁄U ÃË‚⁄U SÕÊŸ ¬⁄U „ÒU– Á’„UÊ⁄U ◊¥ ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ Œ⁄U ‚’‚∑§◊ y| ¬˝ÁÇÊà „ÒU– ¤ÊÊ⁄Uπ¢«U ◊¥ ©U‚‚ •Áœ∑§ zx.z{ ¬˝ÁÇÊà •ÊÒ⁄U ¡ê◊Í-∑§‡◊Ë⁄U ◊¥ zz.zw ¬˝ÁÇÊà „ÒU– ∑§⁄U‹◊¥ ¬ÈL§· •ÊÒ⁄U ÁSòÊÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë •‹ª-•‹ª ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ ÷Ë ‚’‚ •Áœ∑§ „Ò– ß‚◊¥ ~y.wy ¬˝ÁÇÊà ¬ÈL§· •ÊÒ⁄U }|.|w¬˝ÁÇÊà ◊Á„U‹Ê∞¢ ‚ÊˇÊ⁄ „Ò¥U– ß‚∑§ Áfl¬⁄UËà ‚’‚ ∑§◊ ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ Œ⁄ ⁄UÊÖÿ Á’„UÊ⁄U ◊¥U z~.{} ¬˝ÁÇÊà ¬ÈL§· •ÊÒ⁄Uxx.vw ¬˝ÁÇÊà ◊Á„U‹Ê∞¢ ‚ÊˇÊ⁄U „Ò¥U– Œ‡Ê ∑§ ÁflÁ÷㟠⁄UÊÖÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬ÈL§·Ê¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ÁSòÊÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ Œ⁄U ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.{ ◊¥ Œ‡Êʸ߸ ªß¸ „ÒU–
  12. 12. 8 ÷Ê⁄UÃ-wÆvÆ ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.v ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ (v~Æv-wÆÆv)¡ŸªáÊŸÊ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ Œ‡Ê∑§Ëÿ flÎÁh Œ‡Ê∑§Ëÿ flÎÁh U •ÊÒ‚Ã flÊÁ·¸∑§ v~Æv ∑§fl·¸ ◊¥ ¬Á⁄UfløŸ ÉÊÊÃËÿ flÎÁh ©UûÊ⁄UÊûÊ⁄ ¬Á⁄U‡ÊÈh ¬˝ÁÇÊà ¬Á⁄U‡ÊÈh ¬˝ÁÇÊà Œ⁄U flÎÁh Œ⁄U (¬˝ÁÇÊÃ) (¬˝ÁÇÊÃ)v w x y z { | }v~Æv wx,}x,~{,xw| ó ó ó ó ó óv~vv wz,wÆ,~x,x~Æ v,x{,~|,Æ{x z.|z ó ó Æ.z{ z.|zv~wv wz,vx,wv,wvx -|,|w,v|| -Æ.xv -v,yy,{~,wyÆ -{.Æz -Æ.Æx z.ywv~xv w|,}~,||,wx} w,|{,z{,Æwz vv.ÆÆ w,}y,w},wÆw vv.xv v.Æy v|.Æwv~yv xv,}{,{Æ,z}Æ x,~{,}x,xyw vy.ww v,wÆ,w|,xv| x.ww v.xx xx.{|v~zvv x{,vÆ,}},Æ~Æ y,wy,w|,zvÆ vx.xv w|,yy,v{} -Æ.~v v.wz zv.y|v~{vv yx,~w,xy,||v |,}v,y{,{}v wv.{y x,z|,v~,v|v }.xx v.~{ }y.wzv~|v zy,}v,z~,{zw vÆ,}~,wy,}}v wy.}Æ x,Æ|,|},wÆÆ x.v{ w.ww vw~.~yv~}vw {},xx,w~,Æ~| vx,zv,{~,yyz wy.{{ w,{w,yy,z{y -Æ.vy w.wÆ v}{.{yv~~vx }y,{y,wv,Æx~ v{,xÆ,~v,~yw wx.}| w,|~,ww,y~| -Æ.|~ w.vy wzz.ÆzwÆÆvy v,Æw,}|,x|,yx{ v},wx,v{,x~| wv.zy v,~w,wy,yzz -w.xx v.~z xxv.y|Á≈Uå¬ÁáÊÿÊ¢v. ÷Ê⁄Uà ∑§Ë v~yv-zv •ÊÒ⁄U v~zv-{v ∑§Ë ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ ◊¥ “Œ‡Ê∑§Ëÿ flÎÁh” •ÊÒ⁄U “Œ‡Ê∑§Ëÿ flÎÁh ¬˝ÁÇÊÔ ∑§Ë ªáÊŸÊ ∑§⁄UÃ ‚◊ÿ v~zv ∑§ Á‹∞ àÿÍflŸ‚Ê¢ª Á¡‹ ∑§Ë ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ (|,Æwz) •ÊÒ⁄U v~{v ∑§ Á‹∞ ŸªÊ‹Ò¥« ∑§ àÿÍflŸ‚Ê¢ª Á¡‹Ê (}x,zÆv) ÃÕÊ ◊ÊŸ Á¡‹ (z,||y) ∑§Ë ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§Ê ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ Ÿ„Ë¥ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ߟ ˇÊòÊÊ¥ ◊¥ ¬„U‹Ë ’Ê⁄U v~zv ◊¥ ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ ∑§⁄UÊ߸ ªß¸ ÕË ÃÕÊ fl„U ÃÈ‹ŸËÿ Ÿ„UË¥ „ÒU–w. •‚◊ ◊¥ ª«∏U’«∏UË ∑§Ë fl¡„U ‚ v~}v ◊¥ fl„UÊ¢ ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ∑§Ë ªß¸– •Ã— v~}v ∑§ Á‹∞ •‚◊ ∑§Ë ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§ •Ê¢∑§«∏UÊ¥ ∑§Ê •Ê∑§‹Ÿ •¢Ã⁄U-ªáÊŸ ÁflÁœ ‚ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU–x. ¡ê◊Í •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U ◊¥ ª«∏U’«∏UË ∑§Ë fl¡„U ‚ v~~v ◊¥ fl„UÊ¢ ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊ ¬Ê߸– •Ã— v~~v ∑§ Á‹∞ ¡ê◊Í •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U ∑§Ë ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§Ê •Ê∑§‹Ÿ •¢Ã⁄U-ªáÊŸÊ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU–y. wÆÆv ∑§ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ •Ê¢∑§«∏U •¢ÁÃ◊ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ߟ◊¢ ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄U ∑§ ‚ŸÊ¬Áà Á¡‹ ∑§ ÃËŸ ©U¬ Á¡‹Ê¥ó◊Ê•Ê ◊Ê⁄U◊, ¬Ê•Ê◊ÊÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬ÈL§‹ ∑§ •ŸÈ◊ÊÁŸÃ •Ê¢∑§«∏U ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥U ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ߟ ÃËŸ ©U¬ Á¡‹Ê¥ ◊¥§¡ŸªáÊŸÊ wÆÆv ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚ÁŸ∑§ ∞fl¢ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë ∑§Ê⁄UáÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë fl¡„U ‚ ⁄UŒ˜Œ ∑§⁄U ŒË ªß¸ ÕË– Ô
  13. 13. ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.w ⁄UÊÖÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡Ê (v~~v ‚U wÆÆv ∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ ∑ȧ‹ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ flÎÁh)∑˝§. ⁄UÊÖÿ/∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡Ê ∑ȧ‹ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ‚¢. v~~v wÆÆv ’…∏UÊûÊ⁄UË √ÿÁÄà ¬ÈL§· ◊Á„U‹Ê∞¢ √ÿÁÄà ¬ÈL§· ◊Á„U‹Ê∞¢ v~~v-wÆÆvv w x y z { | } ~ ÷Ê⁄Uà ÷ÍÁ◊ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ÁŸflÊ‚Ë ÷Ê⁄UÃ** }y{,ywv,Æx~ yx~,xz},yyÆ yÆ|,Æ{w,z~~ v,Æw},|x|,yx{ zxw,wwx,Æ~Æ y~{,zvy,xy{ wv.zyv. ¡ê◊Í •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U* |,}x|,Æzv y,vyw,Æ}w x,{~y,~{~ vÆ,vyx,|ÆÆ z,x{Æ,~w{ y,|}w,||y w~.yxw. Á„U◊Êø‹ ¬˝Œ‡Ê z,v|Æ,}|| w,{v|,y{| w,zzx,yvÆ {,Æ||,~ÆÆ x,Æ}|,~yÆ w,~}~,~{Æ v|.zyx. ¬¢¡Ê’ wÆ,w}v,~{~ vÆ,||},Æxy ~,zÆx,~xz wy,xz},~~~ vw,~}z,Æyz vv,x|x,~zy wÆ.vÆy. ø¢«U˪…∏U {yw,Ævz xz},{vy w}x,yÆv ~ÆÆ,{xz zÆ{,~x} x~x,{~| yÆ.w}z. ©UûÊ⁄UÊπ¢«U |,ÆzÆ,{xy x,{yÆ,}~z x,yÆ~,|x~ },y}~,xy~ y,xwz,~wy y,v{x,ywz wÆ.yv{. „UÁ⁄UÿÊáÊÊ v{,y{x,{y} },}w|,y|y |,{x{,v|y wv,vyy,z{y vv,x{x,~zx ~,|}Æ,{vv w}.yx|. ÁŒÀ‹Ë ~,ywÆ,{yy z,vzz,zvw y,w{z,vxw vx,}zÆ,zÆ| |,{Æ|,wxy {,wyx,w|x y|.Æw}. ⁄UÊ¡SÕÊŸ yy,ÆÆz,~~Æ wx,Æyw,|}Æ wÆ,~{x,wvÆ z{,zÆ|,v}} w~,ywÆ,Ævv w|,Æ}|,v|| w}.yv~. ©UûÊ⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê vxw,Æ{v,{zx |Æ,x~{,Æ{w {v,{{z,z~v v{{,v~|,~wv }|,z{z,x{~ |},{xw,zzw wz.}zvÆ. Á’„UÊ⁄U {y,zxÆ,zzy xx,}x},wx} xÆ,{~w,xv{ }w,~~},zÆ~ yx,wyx,|~z x~,|zy,|vy w}.{wvv. Á‚ÁÄ∑§◊ yÆ{,yz| wv{,yw| v~Æ,ÆxÆ zyÆ,}zv w}},y}y wzw,x{| xx.Æ{vw. •L§áÊÊø‹ ¬˝Œ‡Ê }{y,zz} y{z,ÆÆy x~~,zzy v,Æ~|,~{} z|~,~yv zv},Æw| w|.ÆÆvx. ŸªÊ‹Ò¥«U v,wÆ~,zy{ {yv,w}w z{},w{y v,~~Æ,Æx{ v,Æy|,vyv ~yw,}~z {y.zxvy. ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄U** v,}x|,vy~ ~x},xz~ }~},|~Æ w,w~x,}~{ v,v{v,~zw v,vxv,~yy wy.}{vz. Á◊$¡Ê⁄U◊ {}~,|z{ xz},~|} xxÆ,||} }}},z|x yz~,vÆ~ yw~,y{y w}.}w 9
  14. 14. 10 ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.w (¡Ê⁄UË) ⁄UÊÖÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡Ê (v~~v ‚U wÆÆv ∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ ∑ȧ‹ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ flÎÁh)∑˝§. ⁄UÊÖÿ/∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡Ê ∑ȧ‹ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ‚¢. v~~v wÆÆv ’…∏UÊûÊ⁄UË √ÿÁÄà ¬ÈL§· ◊Á„U‹Ê∞¢ √ÿÁÄà ¬ÈL§· ◊Á„U‹Ê∞¢ v~~v-wÆÆvv w x y z { | } ~v{. ÁòʬÈ⁄UÊ w,|z|,wÆz v,yv|,~xÆ v,xx~,w|z x,v~~,wÆx v,{yw,wwz v,zz{,~|} v{.Æxv|. ◊ÉÊÊ‹ÿ v,||y,||} ~Æ|,{}| }{|,Æ~v w,xv},}ww v,v|{,Æ}| v,vyw,|xz xÆ.{zv}. •‚◊ ww,yvy,xww vv,{z|,~}~ vÆ,|z{,xxx w{,{zz,zw} vx,|||,Æx| vw,}|},y~v v}.~wv~. ¬Á‡ø◊Ë ’¢ªÊ‹ {},Æ||,~{z xz,zvÆ,{xx xw,z{|,xxw }Æ,v|{,v~| yv,y{z,~}z x},|vÆ,wvw v|.||wÆ. ¤ÊÊ⁄Uπ¢«U wv,}yx,~vv vv,x{x,}zx vÆ,y}Æ,Æz} w{,~yz,}w~ vx,}}z,Æx| vx,Æ{Æ,|~w wx.x{wv. ©U«∏UË‚Ê xv,{z~,|x{ v{,Æ{y,vy{ vz,z~z,z~Æ x{,}Æy,{{Æ v},{{Æ,z|Æ v},vyy,Æ~Æ v{.wzww. ¿UûÊË‚ª…∏U v|,{vy,~w} },}|w,{wÆ },|yw,xÆ} wÆ,}xx,}Æx vÆ,y|y,wv} vÆ,xz~,z}z v}.w|wx. ◊äÿ ¬˝Œ‡Ê y},z{{,wyw wz,x~y,{|x wx,v|v,z{~ {Æ,xy},Æwx xv,yyx,{zw w},~Æy,x|v wy.w{wy. ªÈ¡⁄UÊà yv,xÆ~,z}w wv,xzz,wÆ~ v~,~zy,x|x zÆ,{|v,Æv| w{,x}z,z|| wy,w}z,yyÆ ww.{{wz. Œ◊Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒËfl vÆv,z}{ zv,z~z y~,~~v vz},wÆy ~w,zvw {z,{~w zz.|xw{. ŒÊŒ⁄UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Ÿª⁄U „Ufl‹Ë vx},y|| |Æ,~zx {|,zwy wwÆ,y~Æ vwv,{{{ ~},}wy z~.www|. ◊„UÊ⁄UÊCÔ˛U |},~x|,v}| yÆ,}wz,{v} x},vvv,z{~ ~{,}|},{w| zÆ,yÆÆ,z~{ y{,y|},Æxv ww.|xw}. •Ê¢œ˝ ¬˝Œ‡Ê {{,zÆ},ÆÆ} xx,|wy,z}v xw,|}x,yw| |{,wvÆ,ÆÆ| x},zw|,yvx x|,{}w,z~y vy.z~w~. ∑§ŸÊ¸≈U∑§ yy,~||,wÆv ww,~zv,~v| ww,Æwz,w}y zw,}zÆ,z{w w{,}~},~v} wz,~zv,{yy v|.zvxÆ. ªÊflÊ v,v{~,|~x z~y,|~Æ z|z,ÆÆx v,xy|,{{} {}|,wy} {{Æ,ywÆ vz.wvxv. ‹ˇÊmˬ zv,|Æ| w{,{v} wz,Æ}~ {Æ,{zÆ xv,vxv w~,zv~ v|.xÆ ÷Ê⁄UÃ-wÆvÆ
  15. 15. ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.w (¡Ê⁄UË) ⁄UÊÖÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡Ê (v~~v ‚U wÆÆv ∑§ ŒÊÒ⁄UÊŸ ∑ȧ‹ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ flÎÁh)∑˝§. ⁄UÊÖÿ/∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡Ê ∑ȧ‹ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ‚¢. v~~v wÆÆv ’…∏UÊûÊ⁄UË √ÿÁÄà ¬ÈL§· ◊Á„U‹Ê∞¢ √ÿÁÄà ¬ÈL§· ◊Á„U‹Ê∞¢ v~~v-wÆÆvv w x y z { | } ~ ÷Ê⁄Uà ÷ÍÁ◊ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ÁŸflÊ‚Ëxw. ∑§⁄U‹ w~,Æ~},zv} vy,w}},~~z vy,}Æ~,zwx xv,}yv,x|y vz,y{},{vy v{,x|w,|{Æ ~.yxxx. ÃÁ◊‹ŸÊ«ÈU zz,}z},~y{ w},w~},~|z w|,zz~,~|v {w,yÆz,{|~ xv,yÆÆ,~Æ~ xv,ÆÆy,||Æ vv.|wxy. ¬Ê¢Á«Uø⁄UË }Æ|,|}z yÆ},Æ}v x~~,|Æy ~|y,xyz y}{,~{v y}|,x}y wÆ.{wxz. •¢«U◊ÊŸ ÃÕÊ ÁŸ∑§Ê’Ê⁄U w}Æ,{{v vzy,x{~ vw{,w~w xz{,vzw v~w,~|w v{x,v}Æ w{.~Æ mˬ ‚◊Í„UÁ≈Uå¬ÁáÊÿÊ¢* ¡ê◊Í •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U ◊¥ •‡ÊÊ¢ÃÔ ¬Á⁄UÁSâÊÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë fl¡„U ‚ v~~v ∑§Ë ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊ ‚∑§Ë ÕË– ß‚ËÁ‹∞ ¡ê◊Í •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U ∑§Ë ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§ v~~v ∑§ •Ê¢∑§«∏U •¢Ã⁄U-ªáÊŸ ÁflÁœ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ÁŸ∑§Ê‹ ª∞ „Ò¥U–** ÷Ê⁄Uà •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄ ∑§ •Ê¢∑§«∏U •¢ÁÃ◊ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ߟ◊¢ ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄U ∑§ ‚ŸÊ¬Áà Á¡‹ ∑§ ÃËŸ ©U¬ Á¡‹Ê¥ ◊Ê•Ê ◊Ê⁄U◊, ¬Ê•Ê◊ÊÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬ÈL§‹ ∑§ •ŸÈ◊ÊÁŸÃ •Ê¢∑§«∏U ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥ ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ߟ ÃËŸ ©U¬ Á¡‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ wÆÆv ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚ÁŸ∑§ ∞fl¢ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë ∑§Ê⁄UáÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë fl¡„U ‚ ⁄UŒ˜Œ ∑§⁄U ŒË ªß¸ ÕË– Ô ‚ÍòÊ — ÷Ê⁄UÃËÿ ◊„Uʬ¢¡Ëÿ∑§ ∑§Êÿʸ‹ÿ 11
  16. 16. 12 ÷Ê⁄UÃ-wÆvÆ ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.x ⁄UÊÖÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑¢§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚ÉÊŸÃÊwÆÆv ⁄UÊÖÿ/∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡Ê ‚ÉÊŸÃÊ (¬˝Áà flª¸ Á∑§.◊Ë.) v~~v ◊¥ SÕÊŸ◊¥ SÕÊŸ wÆÆv v~~vv w x y zv. ÁŒÀ‹Ë ~,xyÆ {,xzw vw. ø¢«U˪…∏U |,~ÆÆ z,{xw wx. ¬Ê¢Á«UUø⁄UË w,Æxy v,{}x zy. ‹ˇÊmˬ v,}~z v,{v{ xz. Œ◊Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒËfl v,yvx ~Æ| y{. ¬Á‡ø◊ ’¢ªÊ‹ ~Æx |{| {|. Á’„UÊ⁄U }}v {}z |}. ∑§⁄U‹ }v~ |y~ ~~. ©UûÊ⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê {~Æ zy} }vÆ. ¬¢¡Ê’ y}y yÆx vÆvv. ÃÁ◊‹ŸÊ«ÈU y}Æ yw~ vvvw. „UÁ⁄UÿÊáÊÊ y|} x|w vwvx. ŒÊŒ⁄UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Ÿª⁄U „Ufl‹Ë yy~ w}w vyvy. ªÊflÊ x{y xv{ vxvz. •‚◊ xyÆ w}{ vzv{. ¤ÊÊ⁄Uπ¢«U xx} w|y v|v|. ◊„UÊ⁄UÊCÔ˛U xvz wz| v{v}. ÁòʬÈ⁄UÊ xÆz w{x v}v~. •Ê¢œ˝ ¬˝Œ‡Ê w|| wyw v~wÆ. ∑§ŸÊ¸≈U∑§ w|{ wxz wÆwv. ªÈ¡⁄UÊà wz} wvv wvww. ©U«∏UË‚Ê wx{ wÆx wwwx. ◊äÿ ¬˝Œ‡Ê v~{ vz} wxwy. ⁄UÊ¡SÕÊŸ v{z vw~ wywz. ©UûÊ⁄UÊπ¢«U vz~ vxx wzw{. ¿UûÊË‚ª…∏ Uvzy vxÆ w{w|. ŸªÊ‹Ò¥«U vwÆ |x w|w}. Á„U◊Êø‹ ¬˝Œ‡Ê vÆ~ ~x w}w~. ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄vU vvv }w xÆ
  17. 17. ÷Ê⁄Uà ÷ÍÁ◊ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ÁŸflÊ‚Ë 13v w x y zxÆ. ◊ÉÊÊ‹ÿ vÆx |~ w~xv. ¡ê◊Í •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U vÆÆ || xvxw. Á‚ÁÄ∑§◊ |{ z| xwxx. •¢«U◊ÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ÁŸ∑§Ê’Ê⁄ mˬ‚◊Í„U yx xy xxxy. Á◊¡Ê⁄U◊ yw xx xyxz. •L§áÊÊø‹ ¬˝Œ‡Ê vx vÆ xzÁ≈Uå¬áÊËv. ÷Ê⁄Uà •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄ ∑§ •Ê¢∑§«∏U •¢ÁÃ◊ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ߟ◊¢ ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄U ∑§ ‚ŸÊ¬Áà Á¡‹ ∑§ ÃËŸ ©U¬ Á¡‹Ê¥ ◊Ê•Ê ◊Ê⁄U◊, ¬Ê•Ê◊ÊÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬ÈL§‹ ∑§ •ŸÈ◊ÊÁŸÃ •Ê¢∑§«∏U ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥U ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ߟ ÃËŸ ©U¬ Á¡‹Ê¥ ∑§Ë ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ wÆÆv ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚ÁŸ∑§ ∞fl¢ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë ∑§Ê⁄UáÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë fl¡„U ‚ ⁄UŒ˜Œ ∑§⁄U ŒË ªß¸ ÕË– Ô ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.y SòÊË-¬ÈL§· •ŸÈ¬Êà — v~Æv-wÆÆv ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ fl·¸ SòÊË-¬ÈL§· •ŸÈ¬Êà (vÆÆÆ ¬ÈL§·Ê¥ ¬⁄U ◊Á„U‹Ê∞¢) v~Æv ~|w v~vv ~{y v~wv ~zz v~xv ~zÆ v~yv ~yz v~zv ~y{ v~{v ~yv v~|v ~xÆ v~}v ~xy v~~v ~w{ wÆÆv ~xxÁ≈Uå¬ÁáÊÿÊ¢v. v~}v ∑§ Á‹∞ •‚◊ ∑§ •Ê¢∑§«∏U •¢Ã⁄U-ªáÊŸ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ÁŸ∑§Ê‹ ª∞ „Ò¥U–w. wÆÆv ∑§Ë ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ ∑§ ¡ê◊Í •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U ∑§Ë ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§ •Ê¢∑§«∏UÊ¥ ∑§Ê •¢Ã⁄U-ªáÊŸ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U v~~v ∑§ Á‹∞ ¬˝ÿÈÄà Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ „ÒU–x. wÆÆv ∑§ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ •Ê¢∑§«∏U •¢ÁÃ◊ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ߟ◊¢ ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄U ∑§ ‚ŸÊ¬Áà Á¡‹ ∑§ ÃËŸ ©U¬ Á¡‹Ê¥ ◊Ê•Ê ◊Ê⁄U◊, ¬Ê•Ê◊ÊÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬ÈL§‹ ∑§ •ŸÈ◊ÊÁŸÃ •Ê¢∑§«∏U ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥ ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ߟ ÃËŸ ©U¬ Á¡‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ wÆÆv ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚ÁŸ∑§ ∞fl¢ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë ∑§Ê⁄UáÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë fl¡„U ‚ ⁄UŒ˜Œ ∑§⁄U ŒË ªß¸ ÕË „UÊ‹Ê¢Á∑§ ߟ ÃËŸ ©U¬ Á¡‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ÁŸœÊ¸Á⁄Uà ∑§Êÿ¸∑˝§◊ ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ Ô „ÈU߸ ÕË–
  18. 18. 14 ÷Ê⁄UÃ-wÆvÆ ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.z ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ Œ⁄U — v~zv-wÆÆv (¬˝ÁÇÊà ◊¥) fl·¸ √ÿÁÄà ¬ÈL§· ÁSòÊÿÊ¢U v~zv v}.xx w|.v{ }.}{ v~{v w}.xÆ yÆ.yÆ vz.xz v~|v xy.yz yz.~{ wv.~| v~}v yx.z| z{.x} w~.|{ v~~v zw.wv {y.vx x~.w~ wÆÆv {y.}y |z.w{ zx.{|Á≈Uå¬ÁáÊÿÊ¢v. fl·¸ v~zv, v~{v •ÊÒ⁄U v~|v ∑§Ë ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ Œ⁄U ◊¥ z fl·¸ ÿÊ ©U‚‚ •Áœ∑§ •ÊÿÈ ∑§ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ‹Ë ªß¸ „ÒU– v~}v, v~~v ÃâÊÊ wÆÆv ∑§Ë ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ ◊¥ ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ Œ⁄U | fl·¸ ÿÊ ©U‚‚ •Áœ∑§ •ÊÿÈ ∑§ ‹ÊªÊ¥ ∑§Ë ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ¬⁄U ‹Ë ªß¸ „ÒU–w. v~}v ∑ Á‹∞ ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ Œ⁄U ◊¥ •‚◊ ∑§Ê ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ Ÿ„UË¥ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ „Ò ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ fl„UÊ¢ v~}v ◊¢ ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ∑§⁄UÊ߸ ¡Ê ‚∑§Ë–x. v~~v ∑§Ë ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ Œ⁄U ◊¥ ¡ê◊Í •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U ∑§Ê ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ Ÿ„UË¥ Á∑§ÿÊ ªÿÊ ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ fl„UÊ¢ ª«∏U’«∏UË ∑§ ∑§Ê⁄UáÊ v~~v ◊¥ ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ Ÿ„UË¥ ∑§⁄UÊ߸ ¡Ê ‚∑§Ë– ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.{ ⁄UÊÖÿÊ¥ •ÊÒ⁄U ∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡ÊÊ¥ ◊¥ √ÿÁÄÃÿÊ¥, ¬ÈL§·Ê¥ ÃÕÊ ÁSòÊÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ Œ⁄U, ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ-wÆÆv ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ ¬ÈL§· ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ SòÊË ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ SÕÊŸ ⁄UÊÖÿ/∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡Ê Œ⁄U Œ⁄U Œ⁄Uv w x y zv. ∑§⁄U‹ ~Æ.}{ ~y.wy }|.|ww. Á◊¡Ê⁄U◊ }}.}Æ ~Æ.|w }{.|zx. ‹ˇÊmˬ }{.{{ ~w.zx }Æ.y|y. ªÊflÊ }w.Æv }}.yw |z.x|z. ø¢«U˪…∏U }v.~y }{.vy |{.y|{. ÁŒÀ‹ËU }v.{| }|.xx |y.|v|. •¢«U◊ÊŸ •ÊÒ⁄U ÁŸ∑§Ê’Ê⁄U mˬ‚◊Í„U }v.xÆ }{.xx |z.wy}. ¬Ê¢Á«Uø⁄UËU }v.wy }}.{w |x.~Æ~. Œ◊Ÿ •ÊÒ⁄U ŒËfl |}.v} }{.|{ {z.{vvÆ. ◊„UÊ⁄UÊCÔ˛U |{.}} }z.~| {|.Æxvv. Á„U◊Êø‹ ¬˝Œ‡Ê |{.y} }z.xz {|.ywvw. ÃÁ◊‹ŸÊ«ÈU |x.yz }w.yw {y.yxvx. ÁòʬÈ⁄UÊ |x.v~ }v.Æw {y.~v
  19. 19. ÷Ê⁄Uà ÷ÍÁ◊ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ÁŸflÊ‚Ë 15v w x y zvy. ©UûÊ⁄UÊπ¢«U |v.{w }x.w} z~.{xvz. ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄U |Æ.zx }Æ.xx {Æ.zxv{. ¬¢¡Ê’ {~.{z |z.wx {x.x{v|. ªÈ¡⁄UÊà {~.vy |~.{{ z|.}Æv}. Á‚ÁÄ∑§◊ {}.}v |{.Æy {Æ.yÆv~. ¬Á‡ø◊ ’¢ªÊ‹U {}.{y ||.Æw z~.{vwÆ. „UÁ⁄UÿÊáÊÊ {|.~v |}.y~ zz.|xwv. ∑§ŸÊ¸≈U∑§ {{.{y |{.vÆ z{.}|ww. ŸªÊ‹Ò¥«U {{.z~ |v.v{ {v.y{wx. ¿UûÊË‚ª…∏U {y.{{ ||.x} zv.}zwy. ◊äÿ ¬˝Œ‡Ê {x.|y |{.Æ{ zÆ.w~wz. •‚◊ {x.wz |v.w} zy.{vw{. ©U«∏UË‚Ê {x.Æ} |z.xz zÆ.zvw|. ◊ÉÊÊ‹ÿ {w.z{ {z.yx z~.{vw}. •Ê¢œ˝ ¬˝Œ‡Ê {Æ.y| |Æ.xw zÆ.yxw~. ⁄UÊ¡SÕÊŸ {Æ.yv |z.|Æ yx.}xÆ. ŒÊŒ⁄UÊ •ÊÒ⁄U Ÿª⁄U „fl‹Ë z|.{x |v.v} yÆ.wxxv. ©UûÊ⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê z{.w| {}.}w yw.wwxw. ¡ê◊Í •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U zz.zw {{.{Æ yx.ÆÆxx. •L§áÊÊø‹ ¬˝Œ‡ÊU zy.xy {x.}x yx.zxxy. ¤ÊÊ⁄Uπ¢«U zx.z{ {|.xÆ x}.}|xz. Á’„UÊ⁄U y|.ÆÆ z~.{} xx.vwÁ≈Uå¬ÁáÊÿÊ¢v. ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄ ∑§ •Ê¢∑§«∏Ê¥ ◊¥ ‚ŸÊ¬Áà Á¡‹ ∑§ ÃËŸ ©U¬ Á¡‹Ê¥ ◊Ê•Ê ◊Ê⁄U◊, ¬Ê•Ê◊ÊÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬ÈL§‹ ∑§ •ŸÈ◊ÊÁŸÃ •Ê¢∑§«∏U ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥U ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ߟ ÃËŸ ©U¬ Á¡‹Ê¥ ∑§Ë ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ wÆÆv ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚ÁŸ∑§ ∞fl¢ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë ∑§Ê⁄UáÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë fl¡„U ‚ ⁄UŒ˜Œ ∑§⁄U Ô ŒË ªß¸ ÕË– ‚ÊˇÊ⁄UÃÊ Œ⁄U | fl·¸ ÃÕÊ ß‚‚ ™§¬⁄U ∑§Ë ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ‚ ‚¢’¢ÁœÃ „ÒU– ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.| •ŸÈ‚ÍÁøà ¡ÊÁà ∞fl¢ ¡Ÿ¡ÊÁà ∑§Ë ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬˝ÁÇÊà — ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ wÆÆv∑˝§◊. ⁄UÊÖÿ/ •ŸÈ‚ÍÁøà ¡ÊÁÃÿÊ¢ •ŸÈ‚ÍÁøà ¡Ÿ¡ÊÁÃÿÊ¢‚¢. ∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à ¬˝Œ‡Ê ∑ȧ‹ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑ȧ‹ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑ȧÀÊ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ („U¡Ê⁄U ◊¥) ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ („U¡Ê⁄U ◊¥) ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÁÇÊà ∑§Ê ¬˝ÁÇÊÃv w x y z { | ÷Ê⁄UÃv v,Æw},{vÆ v{{,{x{ v{.wÆ }y,xw{ }.wÆv. ¡ê◊Í •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U vÆ,vyy ||Æ |.z~ v,vÆ{ vÆ.~Æw. Á„U◊Êø‹ ¬˝Œ‡Ê {,Æ|} v,zÆw wy.|w wyz y.Æwx. ¬¢¡Ê’ wy,xz~ |,Æw~ w}.}z Æ Æ.ÆÆy. ø¢«U˪…∏U ~Æv vz} v|.zÆ Æ Æ.ÆÆ
  20. 20. 16 ÷Ê⁄UÃ-wÆvÆv w x y z { |z. ©UûÊ⁄UÊπ¢«U },y}~ v,zv| v|.}| wz{ x.Æw{. „UÁ⁄UÿÊáÊÊ wv,vyz y,Æ~v v~.xz Æ Æ.ÆÆ|. ÁŒÀ‹Ë vx,}zv w,xyx v{.~w Æ Æ.ÆÆ}. ⁄UÊ¡SÕÊŸ z{,zÆ| ~,{~y v|.v{ |,Æ~} vw.z{~. ©UûÊ⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê v,{{,v~} xz,vy} wv.vz vÆ} Æ.Æ{vÆ. Á’„UÊ⁄U }w,~~~ vx,Æy~ vz.|w |z} Æ.~vvv. Á‚ÁÄ∑§◊ zyv w| z.Æw vvv wÆ.{Ævw. •L§áÊÊø‹ ¬˝Œ‡Ê v,Æ~} { Æ.z{ |Æz {y.wwvx. ŸªÊ‹Ò¥«U v,~~Æ Æ Æ.ÆÆ v,||y }~.vzvy. ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄Uv w,v{| {Æ w.|| |yv xy.wÆvz. Á◊¡Ê⁄U◊ }}~ Æ Æ.Æx }x~ ~y.y{v{. ÁòʬÈ⁄UÊ x,v~~ zz{ v|.x| ~~x xv.Æzv|. ◊ÉÊÊ‹ÿ w,xv~ vv Æ.y} v,~~x }z.~yv}. •‚◊ w{,{z{ v,}w{ {.}z x,xÆ~ vw.yvv~. ¬. ’¢ªÊ‹ }Æ,v|{ v},yzx wx.Æw y,yÆ| z.zÆwÆ. ¤ÊÊ⁄Uπ¢«U w{,~y{ x,v}~ vv.}y |,Æ}| w{.xÆwv. ©U«∏UË‚Ê x{,}Æz {,Æ}w v{.zx },vyz ww.vxww. ¿UûÊË‚ª…∏U wÆ,}xy w,yv~ vv.{v {,{v| xv.|{wx. ◊äÿ ¬˝Œ‡Ê {Æ,xy} ~,vzz vz.v| vw,wxx wÆ.w|wy. ªÈ¡⁄UÊà zÆ,{|v x,z~x |.Æ~ |,y}v vy.|{wz. Œ◊Ÿ ŒËfl vz} z x.Æ{ vy }.}zw{. ŒÊŒ⁄UÊ ∞fl¢ Ÿª⁄U „fl‹Ë wwÆ y v.}{ vx| {w.wyw|. ◊„UÊ⁄UÊc≈˛U ~{,}|~ ~,}}w vÆ.wÆ },z|| }.}zw}. •Ê¢œ˝ ¬˝Œ‡Ê |{,wvÆ vw,xx~ v{.v~ z,Æwy {.z~w~. ∑§ŸÊ¸≈U∑§ zw,}zv },z{y v{.wÆ x,y{y {.zzxÆ. ªÊ•Ê v,xy} wy v.|| v Æ.Æyxv. ‹ˇÊmˬ {v Æ Æ.ÆÆ z| ~y.zvxw. ∑§⁄U‹ xv,}yv x,vwy ~.}v x{y v.vyxx. ÃÁ◊‹ŸÊ«ÈU {w,yÆ{ vv,}z} v~.ÆÆ {zv v.Æyxy. ¬Ê¢Á«ø⁄UË ~|y vz} v{.v~ Æ Æ.ÆÆxz. •¢«U◊ÊŸ ∞fl¢ ÁŸ∑§Ê’Ê⁄U mˬ ‚◊Í„U xz{ Æ Æ.ÆÆ w~ }.w|Á≈Uå¬ÁáÊÿÊ¢v. ÷Ê⁄Uà •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄ ∑§ •Ê¢∑§«∏Ê¥ ◊¥ ‚ŸÊ¬Áà Á¡‹ ∑§ ÃËŸ ©U¬ Á¡‹Ê¥ ◊Ê•Ê ◊Ê⁄U◊, ¬Ê•Ê◊ÊÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬ÈL§‹ ∑§ •Ê¢∑§«∏U ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ Ÿ„UË¥ „Ò¥U ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ߟ ÃËŸ ©U¬-Á¡‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ wÆÆv ∑§ ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊ ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚ÁŸ∑§ ∞fl¢ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë ∑§Ê⁄UáÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë fl¡„U ‚ ⁄UŒ˜Œ ∑§⁄U ÁŒ∞ ª∞ Õ– Ô
  21. 21. ÷Ê⁄Uà ÷ÍÁ◊ •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚∑§ ÁŸflÊ‚Ë 17 ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.} ª˝Ê◊ËáÊ ÃÕÊ ‡Ê„U⁄UË ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ fl·¸ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ (Œ‚ ‹Êπ ◊¥) ∑ȧ‹ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÁÇÊà ª˝Ê◊ËáÊ ‡Ê„U⁄UË ª˝Ê◊ËáÊ ‡Ê„U⁄UËv w x y zv~Æv wvx w{ }~.w vÆ.}v~vv ww{ w{ }~.| vÆ.xv~wv wwx w} }}.} vv.wv~xv wy{ xx }} vwv~yv w|z yy }{.v vx.~v~zv w~~ {w }w.| v|.xv~{v x{Æ |~ }w v}v~|v yx~ vÆ~ }Æ.v v~.~v~}v zwy vz~ |{.| wx.xv~~v {w~ wv} |y.x wz.|wÆÆv |yx w}{ |w.w w|.}Á≈Uå¬ÁáÊÿÊ¢v. ÷Ê⁄Uà •ÊÒ⁄U ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄ ∑§ •Ê¢∑§«∏U •¢ÁÃ◊ „Ò¥U •ÊÒ⁄U ߟ◊¢ ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄U ∑§ ‚ŸÊ¬Áà Á¡‹ ∑§ ÃËŸ ©U¬ Á¡‹Ê¥ ◊Ê•Ê ◊Ê⁄U◊, ¬Ê•Ê◊ÊÃÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¬ÈL§‹ ∑§ •ŸÈ◊ÊÁŸÃ •Ê¢∑§«∏U ‡ÊÊÁ◊‹ „Ò¥U ÄÿÊ¥Á∑§ ߟ ÃËŸ ©U¬ Á¡‹Ê¥ ◊¥ ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ wÆÆv ∑§ ¬Á⁄UáÊÊ◊ ¬˝‡ÊÊ‚ÁŸ∑§ ∞fl¢ Ã∑§ŸË∑§Ë ∑§Ê⁄UáÊÊ¥ ∑§Ë fl¡„U ‚ ⁄UŒ˜Œ ∑§⁄U ÁŒ∞ ª∞ Õ– Ôw. ¡ê◊Í •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U ◊¥ •‡Êʢà ¬Á⁄UÁSâÊÁÃÿÊ¥ ∑§Ë fl¡„U ‚ v~~v ∑§Ë ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊ ‚∑§Ë ÕË– ß‚ËÁ‹∞ ¡ê◊Í •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U ∑§Ë ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ◊¥ v~~v ∑§ •Ê¢∑§«∏U •¢Ã⁄U-ªáÊŸ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U wÆÆv ∑§Ë ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§ •¢ÁÃ◊ •Ê¢∑§«∏UÊ¥ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ÁŸ∑§Ê‹ ª∞ „Ò¥U–x. •‚◊ ◊¥ v~}v ◊¥ ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ Ÿ„UË¥ „UÊ ¬Ê߸ ÕË– •‚◊ ∑§ v~}v ∑§ •Ê¢∑§«∏ •¢Ã⁄U-ªáÊŸ ÁflÁœ ‚ ÁŸ∑§Ê‹ ª∞ „Ò¥U– ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.~ ∑§S’Ê¥ ∑§ flª¸ ∑§ •ÊœÊ⁄U ¬⁄U ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ, ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ wÆÆv ∑§S’Ê¥ ∑§Ê flª¸ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ wÆÆv v. v,ÆÆ,ÆÆÆ •ÊÒ⁄U •Áœ∑§ v,|},wwy w. zÆ,ÆÆÆ-~~,~~~ xy,yzw x. wÆ,ÆÆÆ-y~,~~~ yw,vv~ y. vÆ,ÆÆÆ-v~,~~~ ww,{vy z. z,ÆÆÆ-~,~~~ |,}~Æ {. z,ÆÆÆ ‚ ∑§◊ }wv ‚èÊË flª¸ w,}{,vwÆ ∑ȧ‹ ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ◊¥ ‡Ê„U⁄UË ¡Ÿ‚¢ÅÿÊ ∑§Ê ¬˝ÁÇÊÃ* w|.}w
  22. 22. 18 ‚Ê⁄UáÊË v.vÆ wÆÆv ∑§Ë ¡ŸªáÊŸÊ ∑§ •ŸÈ‚Ê⁄U ªÊ¥flÊ¥ ∑§Ë ‚¥ÅÿÊ •ÊÒ⁄U ¡Ÿ‚¥ÅÿÊ ÁflÃ⁄UáÊ∑˝§◊ ⁄UÊÖÿ/ vÆ,ÆÆÆ z,ÆÆÆ w,ÆÆÆ v,ÆÆÆ zÆÆ wÆÆ wÆÆ ∑ȧ‹‚¢. ∑¥§º˝‡ÊÊÁ‚à •ÊÒ⁄U ©U‚‚ •Áœ∑§ ‚ ~,~~~ ‚ y,~~~ ‚ v,~~~ ‚ ~~~ ‚ y~~ ‚ ∑§◊ ªÊ¢flÊ¥ ¬˝Œ‡Ê •Ê’ÊŒË flÊ‹ ªÊ¥fl Ã∑§ •Ê’ÊŒË Ã∑§ •Ê’ÊŒË Ã∑§ •Ê’ÊŒË Ã∑§ •Ê’ÊŒË Ã∑§ •Ê’ÊŒË •Ê’ÊŒË ∑§Ë ‚¢ÅÿÊ flÊ‹ ªÊ¥fl flÊ‹ ªÊ¥fl flÊ‹ ªÊ¥fl flÊ‹ ªÊ¥fl flÊ‹ ªÊ¥fl flÊ‹ ªÊ¥flv. ¡ê◊Í •ÊÒ⁄U ∑§‡◊Ë⁄U@ vÆ vxz }}{ v,zy{ v,{{y v,y~~ {|| {,yv|w. Á„U◊Êø‹ ¬˝Œ‡Ê v } v|y {{Æ w,Æ~y z,{yz },~vx v|,y~zx. ¬¢¡Ê’ w{ w|x v,~}| x,yÆz x,x|} w,vxÆ v,Æ|~ vw,w|}y. ø¢«U˪…∏U w { | w w v x wxz. ©UûÊ⁄UÊπ¢«U vx {~ xzÆ |zw v,}~Æ y,~vw |,||z vz,|{v{. „UÁ⁄UÿÊáÊÊ ~| zÆy w,Ævz w,Æ~v v,wÆz z}w w|Æ {,|{y|. ÁŒÀ‹Ë wy w{ {Æ w~ ~ y { vz}}. ⁄UÊ¡SÕÊŸ vÆÆ {{v y,{{Æ },||| vv,Æz} ~,vzv z,xy{ x~,|zx~. ©UûÊ⁄U ¬˝Œ‡Ê w~{ w,w{{ v{,z|x w|,wv} wz,{vy v{,}|~ ~,Æ~{ ~|,~ywvÆ. Á’„UÊ⁄ {xÆ w,xÆ{ },z|v vÆ,vvx },y~} z,{{w x,wxz x~,Ævzvv. Á‚ÁÄ∑§◊ Æ ~ yÆ vwÆ vz| }w yw yzÆvw. •L§áÊÊø‹ ¬˝Œ‡Ê Æ x w{ vw{ w{{ {}w w,|{Æ x,}{xvx. ŸªÊ‹Ò¥«U z zÆ v|v wzx x|w xwx vÆy v,w|}vy. ◊ÁáʬÈ⁄Uv { w} vz| wÆw xw{ |xv |y~ w,v~~vz. Á◊¡Ê⁄U◊ v v xv |{ v~} wz} vyw |Æ|v{. ÁòʬÈ⁄UÊ w} vÆ{ x|Æ v}} ~~ zz vw }z} ÷Ê⁄UÃ-wÆvÆ
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