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1 Principles In Hse
 

1 Principles In Hse

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1 Principles In Hse 1 Principles In Hse Presentation Transcript

  • Principles in HSE
    • At the end of this exposition you will know about:
    • Mission and responsibilities of OSHA
    • Rights and duties of workers
    • Duties of employers
    • HSE Policy
    1. Objectives
    • The safety of personnel and the protection of the environment and facilities is a primary concern of any company
    • To ensure this concern is recognized, understood and accepted by all. All employees must become familiar with: HSE Policy, Procedures and management rules
  • What´s OSHA?
    • Occupational Safety & Health Administration
    • Federal Agency created in 1970
    Responsable of health protection and Safety of worker
  • Mission
    • To make sure that the safety and health concerns of all workers in USA
    • Develops specific workplace standards and policies
    • Provides training and educational programs
  • Why is OSHA important ?
    • Every year:
    • 6000 accidents in workplaces
    • 50000 deaths caused by professional diseases
    • The injuries cost about 125 billions dolars
  • Which is the function of OSHA?
    • To do than the employer be responsible face to health and safety of its employees
    • To develop and to promove health and safety standards
    • To answer to complaints of workers about health hazards and safety in their workplace
  • The poster must be placed in every workplace, where everybody can see and read it
  • Employee workplace rights
    • Request information from the employer on safety and health hazards in the workplace, appropriate precautions to take, and procedures to follow if the employee is involved in an accident
    • Request an OSHA inspection if they believe hazardous conditions or violations of standards exist in the workplace.
    • Respond questions from OSHA accompliance officer
    • Read the OSHA poster at the jobsite
    • Comply with all applicable OSHA standards
    • Follow all lawful employer safety and health rules and regulations, and wear or use prescribed protective equipment while working
    • Report hazardous conditions to the supervisor
    Employee responsibilities
  • Employer responsibilities
    • Employers have a legal obligation to inform employees of OSHA safety and health standards that apply to their workplace
    • The employer must prominently display the official OSHA poster that describes rights and responsibilities under the OSH act
    • Employer must inform employees of the existance, location and availability of their medical and exposure records
  • OSHA Inspection The inspections are very important because they guarantee than the norms and standards be respected
  • Some definitions:
    • Accident:
    • An unexpected and undesirable event, especially one resulting in illness, injury, death, damage to environment or facilities
  • Some definitions:
    • Incident:
    • An unwanted event which, in different circumstances, could have resulted in harm to people, damage to property or loss to a process
    • Risk:
    • The probability of a worker suffering an injury or health problem, or of damage occuring to property or the environment as a result of exposure to or contact with hazard
    Some definitions:
    • Risks evaluation:
    • General process of risk magnitude estimation and deciding if it is acceptable or not
    Some definitions:
    • Hazard:
    • The potential of any machine, equipment, process, ametrial (including biological and chemical) or physical factor that may cause harm to people, or damage to property or the environment
    Some definitions:
    • Hazard identification:
    • Process of determining the existence of a hazard and the definition of its characteristics
    Some definitions:
    • Health:
    • The world health organization has defined health as more than just the absence of disease. Rather, it is a state of complete physical, mental and social weel- being
    Some definitions:
    • Occupational health:
    • The development, promotion, and maintenance of workplace policies and programs taht ensure the physical, mental and emotional well-being of employees
    Some definitions:
    • Industrial hygiene:
    • A science that deals with the anticipation, recognition, and control of hazards in the worplace. These hazards may cause sickness, harm to employee health, discomfort, and inefficient performance on the job
    Some definitions:
    • Unsafe condition:
    • An imminent danger caused by a workplace hazard
    Some definitions:
    • Personal Protective Equipment:
    • Any device worm by a worker to protect against hazards
    Some definitions:
    • Environmental aspect:
    • Activities, products, or services elements of an organization that can interact with the environment, i.e. generation of waste water
    Some definitions:
    • A serious situation or ocurrence that happens unexpectedly and demands inmediate action
    Some definitions: