Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
East Asia
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

East Asia

4,723

Published on

0 Comments
2 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
4,723
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
141
Comments
0
Likes
2
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide

Transcript

  • 1. East Asia East Asia
  • 2. East Asia
    • East Asia consist of six political entities
    • China
    • Mongolia
    • North Korea
    • South Korea
    • Japan
    • Taiwan
  • 3. East Asia
    • One of the world’s cultural hearths, and
    • China… continuous civilization-over 4000years
  • 4. East Asia
    • It is a realm in transition
    • political entities…
    • Why?
  • 5. East Asia- transitional realm
    • Taiwan is still regarded by mainland China as temporary wayward country
  • 6. East Asia- transitional realm
    • North Korea is not a full member of the United Nations, and the division between North and South Korea may be temporary
  • 7. Natural Environment
  • 8. Natural Environment
    • Snowcapped mountains,
    • vast deserts,
    • cold climates,
    • Earthquakes and tremors occur almost continuously
  • 9. Recent Earth Quake
    • May 12, 2008
    • Earthquake measuring 7.9 occurred in Sichuan Province, South East China
  • 10. Natural Environment
    • VAST AND VARIED TOPOGRAPHY
  • 11. Major Geographic qualities
    • Avalanche is a slide of large masses of snow and ice and mud down a mountain
  • 12. Geographic qualities
    • The three major rivers are:
    • Huang He ( Yellow River)- in the north
    • Chang Jiang ( Long River) also known as Yangzi
    • Xi Jiang ( west River) in the south
  • 13. Major Geographic qualities
    • Population concentrations in the east, in river basins
    • Interior most sparsely populated
  • 14. Early Cultural History
    • Jomon people,
    • Origin is uncertain
    • First to have crossed into Japan about 10,000- 12000 years ago
  • 15. Ainu People
    • Ainu people are the modern descendents of the Jomon.
    • Subsisted on hunting, fishing.
  • 16. Ainu People
    • Only 20,000 persons living in northernmost Hokkaido trace their ancestors to the Ainu
  • 17. Dynasty of China
    • The Xia was the first documented dynasty in China (2200-1700 BC)
    • Capital, Erlitou
    • lasted for 4000 years ( 1911)
  • 18. The Han Dynastic
    • The Han Dynasty (206 BC- AD 220) was China’s formative period
  • 19. Han Achievements
    • Territorial expansion of China,
    • Xian, also referred to as “the Rome of China” was the greatest city in the world
    • Time of the Silk route-the most well-known trading route of ancient Chinese civilization.
    • Authoritarian government and disciplined armies
  • 20. Manchu dynastic
    • last dynasty
    • They were a minority group that controlled millions
    • Their territorial expansion created for China, the largest empire ever.
    • Their empire included Mongolia, much of Turkestan, Xizang (Tibet). Myanmar ( Burma)
    • Crumbled under the European powers
  • 21. 4000 YEARS OF DYNASTIC RULE
  • 22. Regions
    • Five geographic realms can be identified
    • China Proper
    • Xizang (Tibet)
    • Xinjiang
    • Mongolia
    • Jakota Triangle
  • 23. Regions of the realm
    • China proper- eastern half; the core
  • 24. Xizang
    • The Tibet Autonomous Region
    • Located on the Tibetan Plateau , the highest region on Earth
    • sparsely populated
  • 25. xinjiang
    • Xinjiang- vast desert basin and mountain rims;
  • 26. Mongolia
    • It is the nineteenth largest state
    • Population of around 2.9 million people
  • 27. Jakota triangle
    • The Jakota triangle
      • Japan, south Korea, Taiwan
      • rapid economic development
  • 28. China, Extent and Environment
  • 29. China, Extent and Environment
    • China’s total area is slightly smaller than the United states including Alaska
    • China has no west coast
  • 30. Evolving China
    • The teachings of Kongfuzi ( 551-479 BC) still known as Confucius, dominated Chinese life and thoughts for 20 years
  • 31. Kongfuzi
    • Kongfuzi abhorred supernatural mysticism
    • Dismissed notions of divine ancestries of dynastic rulers
    • Believes competence and merit should determine a person’s place in society
    • He wrote the Confucius classics ,which consisted of 13 texts
    • Until western influence began to erode their relevance, these 13 classics was the basis of education in China
  • 32. A century of convulsion
    • China’s cultural strength was a force that withstood European interferences
    • None of the British manufactured good attracted the Chinese: Mechanical watch, British India textiles were ignored by the Chinese
  • 33. A century of convulsion
    • The British were confined to small peninsular outpost-Macau.
    • Chinese minimized communication with the Europeans
  • 34. Colonial Influence The colonial powers conquered China during the Manchu era, economically and Politically
  • 35. Economically
    • Economic-
    • lower prices and better qualities of European commodities
  • 36. Politically
    • Politically
    • Growing presence of English and the demand of European merchants created conflicts:
    • Importation into China of Opium from British India
    • Armed hostilities (The first Opium war 1839-1842)
    • China was forced to Cede Hong Kong to the British
    • The British opened five ports, Including Guangzhou (Canton), and Shanghai to foreign commerce
  • 37. Colonial Sphere
  • 38. China colonial control
    • The German also obtained a lease on the city of Qingdao
    • The French- Zhanjiang
    • Portuguese- Held on to Macau
    • The Russians took control over Liaodong
    • Japan- Annexed Ryukyu Islands ( 1879) and Formosa ( Taiwan) in 1879
  • 39. The Doctrine of Extraterritoriality
  • 40. The Doctrine of Extraterritoriality
    • European international law employed in China during the late 1800s
    • Foreign states and their representatives are immune from the jurisdiction of the country in which they are based
    • Sha Mian Island
  • 41. China Revival
    • Boxer rebellion in 1900
    • Formation of political parties – The nationalist (leader –Sun Yat-Sen) and the Chinese communist party ( prominent member-Mao Zedong)
    • Aim: targeted foreign presence
  • 42. China’s revival
    • By 1927 foreigners began to run for their lives
    • Communists were also pursued by the nationalist
    • Mao and his cronies resisted the nationalist invasion
  • 43. Japan in China
    • Japan seized the opportunity over the nationalist and communist contest and took control over the Northeast China
    • Chinese and Japanese war in 1937- the Nationalist party bore much of the brunt of the war
    • The Japanese committed atrocities on the Chinese
    • The communist party gained power
    • China quickly resumed after the US-led western powers defeated Japan in 1945
  • 44. Mao Zedong
    • Leader of the communist party of China
    • He ruled china from 1949 to 1976
    • His population policy resented any population control because such policy was deemed as a capitalist plot to constraint China’s human resources
  • 45. China’s human geography
  • 46. Population of China
    • 1.6 billion
    • Annual natural increase 0.7% (1970s - 3%)
    • Doubling time : 100 years
    • Life expectancy : 70 (males), 73 (females)
    • TFR 1.8 born/women (1997)
    • Only 10% of the land is arable and 69% of the population lives on this land
  • 47. Population concentration
  • 48. Economic and social problems
    • State controlled economy.
    • Energy shortage
    • poorly developed transportation infrastructure
    • Popular resistance have weakened china’s population control program.
  • 49. Reorganization under communist
    • 1950s- 1976 reconstruction and reform based on the soviet model
    • Land was expropriated.
    • Farming was collectivized.
    • Industries were reorganized as state-owned communal enterprises.
    • Emphasis on “heavy industry”
    • Dramatic social changes- education, religion, population growth
  • 50. XIZANG (TIBET)
    • A harsh physical environment
    • Sparsely populated
    • Chinese control during the Manchu dynasty in 1720
    • Gained separate status in the late 19 th century
    • China’s communist regime took control in the 1950s
  • 51. Extra credit
    • What is the relation between China and Tibet?
    • Why does China want Tibet?
    • Who is Dalai lama?
    • What is the Future of Tibet with China?
  • 52. Geography of Development
    • Geographers view development process spatially
    • Walt Rostow formulated a global model of the development process
  • 53. Traditional Society
    • Traditional society-engages in mainly subsistent farming, locked in rigid social structure, resists technological change
  • 54. Precondition to take off stage
    • Progressive leaders move the country toward greater flexibility.
    • Openness and diversity.
    • Old ways are abandoned,
    • workers move from farming to manufacturing,
    • Transport improves
  • 55. Take off stage
    • The country experiences a type of industrial revolution,
    • Industrial urbanization
    • Mass-production break through occurs
  • 56. Drive to maturity
    • Continued expansion of the economy brings with it sophisticated industrial specialization and increasing international stage
  • 57. High Mass consumption
    • High Mass consumption stage:-
    • The society is marked by:
    • High income,
    • Widespread of goods and services
    • Most workers are employed in the tertiary and quaternary economic sector
  • 58. challenges of the theory
  • 59. challenges of the theory
    • Little account of core-periphery contrast within individual countries
    • In China take off conditions ( stage 3) exist in much of the pacific rim, but other areas remain in stage 1
  • 60. Hong Kong
  • 61. Hong Kong
    • Means “ fragrant harbor ”- an excellent deep water port
    • Boomed during the Korean war
    • 6 million people within 400 sq miles
    • Economy is larger than half of the world’s countries
    • 1 July 1997- British transferred control to china
    • Hong Kong renamed Xian Gang
    • Acquired a new status as China’s only special administrative region (sar)
  • 62. Jakota Triangle
  • 63. Jakota Triangle region
    • This region consists of
    • Japan
    • Korea ( South)
    • Taiwan
  • 64. The Jakota Triangle region
    • CHARACTERISTICS
      • Great cities
      • Enormous consumption of raw materials
      • State-of-the-art industries
      • Voluminous exports
      • Global links
      • Trades surpluses
      • Rapid development
    • CHALLENGES
      • Social problems
      • Political uncertainties
      • Vulnerabilities
  • 65. Japan historical outline
    • For 250 years this policy enabled Japan to enjoy stability
    • The Treaty of Kanagawa with the US in 1854, allowed Japan to open its ports and began to intensively modernize and industrialize.
  • 66. Japan history….
    • It occupied Korea, Formosa (Taiwan), and southern Sakhalin Island.
    • In 1933 Japan occupied Manchuria, and
    • In 1937 it launched a full-scale invasion of China.
    • Japan attacked US forces in 1941 - triggering America's entry into World War II
    • After its defeat in World War II, Japan recovered to become an economic power and a staunch ally of the US
  • 67. Meiji Restoration
    • Modernizers took control of Japan in 1868
    • Japan turned to Britain for guidance in reforming their nation, an event known as Meiji Restoration
    • Adopted aspects of the British model
    • Launched a systematic study of the industrialized world
    • Focus was on industrialization and education system
  • 68. Impact of Britain on Japan
    • Layout of cities,
    • The construction of railroad networks,
    • The organization of education
    • Today, the Japanese, like the British, drive on the left side of the road
    • Literacy: T otal population: 99% male: 99% female: 99% (2002)
  • 69. Korea
  • 70. Korea
    • The size of “Idaho” but with a population of 73 million
    • Turbulent political history :
      • A dependency of China
      • A colony of Japan’s
      • Divided along the 38 th parallel by Allied Powers > WWII (1945)
      • The division gave North Korea to the forces of the Soviet Union and the South Korea to those of the United States
  • 71. Korea War (1950-1953)
    • Communist forces from North Korea invaded the south in a forced unification drive
    • A ceasefire line was drown in 1953
  • 72. Korea
      • Regional complimentarity,
      • North Korea has raw materials south Korean needs and
      • South Korea produces food that North Korea needs
  • 73. NORTH-SOUTH CONTRASTS
    • NORTH KOREA
      • 55% of the land, 1/3 of the population, extremely rural
      • Inefficient, non-productive agriculture
      • Limited trade – former Soviet Union and China
    • SOUTH KOREA
      • 45% of the land, 2/3s of the population, highly urbanized
      • Modern factories
      • Intensive, increasingly mechanized agriculture
      • Extensive trade – US, Japan, and Western Europe
  • 74. South Korea
    • South Korea has become a prosperous country by global standard
    • Seoul is the capital with a population of 10 million
  • 75. North Korea
    • One of the poorest nation in the world
    • Population 23.6 million
    • Its Capital, Pyongyang, has a population one-fifth that of Seoul
    • Its nuclear capability became an international concern in 2003.
    • Multinational efforts, led by the United States, Russia, China, Japan and South Korea have proved futile
  • 76. Does North Korea have nuclear Weapons?
  • 77.  

×