Thirteen Days Movie AnalysisPresentation Transcript
THIRTEEN DAYS Directed by:Roger Donaldson
Thirteen days Bruce Greenwood asPresident John F. Kennedy
Kevin Costner asKenneth “Kenny” O’donell
FILM REVIEW STORY FAST FACTS PLOT DIAGRAM EXPLORING THE FEATURE PRESENTATION Insights of Culture and Subculture Leadership in Action Positive and Negative Instances Basic Decision Making Process Leading in Values with Moral Courage
1. The television docudrama The Missiles of October (1974) a. was based largely on Robert F. Kennedy’s book Thirteen Days: A Memoir of the Cuban Missile Crisis (1971)2. With the publication in 1997 of The Kennedy Tapes: Inside the White HouseDuring the Cuban Missile Crisis, edited by Ernest R. May and Philip D. Zelikow, previous accounts have been revised. http://www.geocities.com/polfilms/thirteendays.html
3. The film Thirteen Days, directed by Roger Donaldson, is the cinematic reworking of the events of October 1962, based on the May and Zelikow’s book.Release date(s): December 25, 2000 Running time: 145 minutesCountry: United States Language: EnglishBudget: $80 million Box office: $66,579,890 4. Accordingly, the Political Film Society has nominated Thirteen Days as best exposé and won best film on peace for the year 2000. http://www.geocities.com/polfilms/thirteendays.html
The Cuban Missile Crisis, – known as the October Crisis in Cuba and the Caribbean Crisis in the USSR was a thirteen-day confrontation betweenthe Soviet Union and Cuba on one side and theUnited States on the other; the crisis occurred in October 1962, during the Cold War. CIA reference photograph of Soviet R-12 intermediate-range nuclear ballistic missile(NATO designation SS-4) in Red Square, Moscow In August 1962, after some unsuccessful operations by the US to overthrow the Cuban regime (Bay of Pigs), the Cuban and Soviet governments secretly began to build bases in Cuba for a number of medium-range and intermediate-range ballistic nuclear missiles (MRBMs and IRBMs) with the ability to strike most of the continental United States. Marfleet, B. Gregory. "The Operational Code of John F. Kennedy During the Cuban Missile Crisis: A Comparison of Public and Private Rhetoric".
CLIMAX Thirteen Days at Rotten Tomatoes They settle on a step less than a blockade, which is formally regarded as an act of war. They settle on what they publicly describe as a quarantine. Soviets offer to remove the missiles in exchange for the U.S. that it will never invade Cuba and involving removal of its Jupiter missiles from Turkey. Several wrong steps were done from the US: the defense readiness level of Strategic Air Command (SAC) is raised to DEFCON 2 (one step shy of maximum readiness for imminent war), without informing the President; and a routine test launch of a U.S. offensive missile is also carried out without the Presidents knowledge. FALLING ACTION RISING ACTION JFK and his inner circle struggle to The Joint Chiefs of Staff advise immediate rein those who would take unilateral U.S. military strikes against the missile action sites followed by an invasion of Cuba. communicates with the Soviet Kennedy is reluctant to attack and invade leadership and provide them a face- because it would very likely cause the saving solution to their mutual Soviets to invade Berlin. dilemma. INTRODUCTION RESOLUTION In October 1962, U-2 surveillance JFK secretly agrees to remove all Jupiter photos reveal that the Soviet Union is missiles from southern Italy and in Turkey, in the process of placing missiles in exchange for Khrushchev removing all carrying nuclear weapons in Cuba missiles in Cuba. (have the capability of wiping out Off the shores of Cuba, the Soviet ships most of the Eastern and Southern US) turn back from the quarantine lines.
1.) Insights of subculture and culture in an organization. In the film, having a strong culture in an organization enforces stability. It will be easier for an organization to meet its goal if they hold on to a strong culture. But strong-cultured organizations may somehow find it difficult to adapt to the fast-changing environment. Thus, subcultures of strong-cultured organizations help strengthen its overall organizational culture by providing the flexibility and awareness that a nation may normalize.
2.) What can you say about leadership? Give instances: positive and negative. President John F. Kennedy is a good leader : strong values and effective principles the one who provide direction to the organization To AVOID war, he came up with an alternative and diplomatic solution Thinks about his countrymen
POSITIVE In the film, President John F. Kennedy had: strong values he did not easily give in on what his generals want, which is war. definitely stood on his beliefs that the USA takes diplomacy first over war.
NEGATIVEStill in the film, General LeMay’s decision: wanting to go to war right away was emotionally driven from what happened in the past, particularly the “bays of the pigs”
3.) Basic decision making process asreference: summarize and present how the decision making was practiced. Step 1 Outline the problem The problem was identified when a U2 plane surveillance exercise, they discovered that the Soviet placed a missile on Cuba. Step 2 Choose the people President John F. Kennedy immediately ordered ameeting with his generals and all the people who he felt was vital in making a decision, like the secretary of defence.
Step 3 The best processRecognize hoW The SoVieT WoRkS: “UndeRSTandS onlyone language, action. and respects only one word, foRce.” Step4 Destroying the bombs alternatives still Create the while they were not operational An invasion was also considered (by force) Put up international pressure over the Soviet through the UN by exposing evidences of a missile
Step 5 Define the values Each options was distinguished and studied; andgenerally considered all the consequences of the alternatives. Step 6 Analyze facts After examining all of the alternatives, John F. Kennedy agreed the U.S. public declaration and agreement to never invade Cuba in order for the Soviet to dismantle the missile in Cuba.
4.) Example of leading in values and moral courage.In the film, President John F. Kennedy showed good leadership: resulted to the most favourable outcome. handled everything with good composure and strong values. Regardless of his “staff” (generals & the congress) questioning his leadership, he remained true to what he stood for and what the USA stands for. JFK is a leader with principles and moral courage because of strong culture.
President John F. Kennedy “I am the commander in chief of theUnited States, and I say when we go to war!”