The simple present tense
MAIN AIM: To express daily routines and lifestyles
Use the simple present tense to talk about facts and habitual actions in the present.
FACTS HABITUAL ACTIONS
Freddy speaks French very well. I go to bed at 10:00 p.m. every night.
I work at 43 Fork Road. She eats lunch at Mr. Chung restaurant on Fridays.
THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: Form
Add –s to the verb for third-person singular (he, she, it)
I like Japanese food. He likes Mexican food
You study Korean She studies English
They open at 7:00. It opens at 8:00.
We work at Manuela Beltrán University She works at Manuela Beltrán university.
When to use it
Use don’t (do not) and doesn’t (does not) and the base form of the verb to make negative statements.
I don’t go to bed before 10:00p.m. Pedro doesn’t speak German very well.
THE SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE: YES/NO QUESTIONS
Use do or does and the verb to make Yes / No questions.
Do you live in Galerias? Does she speak by cell-phone?
Around eight /s/ /z/ /iz/
On Monday works is teaches
At night takes loves washes
At noon gets does watches
At midnight helps goes fixes
From 7:00a.m. to 12:00 O’clock /ʃ/ /ʈʃ/
Every day wash watch
Every single day dish teacher
Twice a month
Once a year
To express preferences and to use “would like” to make an invitation and an excuse.
To express something that is enjoyable or not like food, sports, movies, etc.
She would like to have two children
I’d like to study architecture.
Would you like to have children? Yes, I would / No, I wouldn’t
Would like to
When to use it:
Asking for a meal in a restaurant.
like + Noun
Like + Verb
going to the beach
Add -s- at the end
of the verb in
When like/Dislike are followed
by a verb you need to add ing
ending to the verbs.