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Conditionals_Zero And First conditional
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Conditionals_Zero And First conditional


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Zero and First Conditional

Zero and First Conditional

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  • 1. Conditional sentences express a result of an action. They usually have an “if” clause and a result clause. “If” clause (the condition) result clause (the effect/consequence) If I eat dinner at home I don’t eat too much If they speak Dutch to the taxi driver He won’t understand If I wake up early in the morning I arrive to work on time Examples: • Water Freezes If you decrease its temperature below 0 degrees. • She goes on vacation in August if she doesn’t have much work. • He runs in the park if the weather is good.
  • 2. ZERO CONDITIONAL: Use the simple present tense to talk about general and scientific facts. You can use the simple present tense or the present tense with verb to-be in both clauses. (cause and effect) EXAMPLE: • If it rains, We have to take an umbrella (general fact) • If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils. (scientific fact) FIRST CONDITIONAL • Use the simple present tense in the “IF” CLAUSE AND THE SIMPLE FUTURE WITH (WILL OR BE GOING TO) in the result clause. • Use simple future to talk about what will happen in the future under certain conditions. ZERO AND FIRST CONDITIONAL
  • 3. BE CAREFUL Use the simple present tense in the “IF” CLAUSE AND THE SIMPLE FUTURE WITH (WILL OR BE GOING TO) in the result clause. • If I go to sleep too late tonight, I won’t be able to get up on time (future result) • If she comes home after 8:00, I’m going to make dinner. • If he eats all the chili, he will get a terrible stomachache. Don’t forget that the clause “IF” can go in the second part of the whole clause, for instance: I WILL GO TO THE MOVIES IF HE CALLS ME TODAY OR IF HE CALLS ME TODAY, I WILL GO TO THE MOVIES. Pay attention to the requirement that the use of “will” has, It only goes in the result clause not with the “if “clause.
  • 4. If you notice, in written form when using the “if” clause first, the second or result clause goes after a comma (,) PAST: a few years ago in the past in the last century in the 1990s. TIME EXPRESSIONS PRESENT: These days Today Nowadays This year This month It’s your decision the order you prefer. The most important thing is to practice and use CONDITIONALS… FUTURE: Soon In twenty years In the future Next week In a year tomorrow tonight