Conditional sentences express a result of an action. They usually have an “if” clause
and a result clause.
“If” clause (th...
ZERO CONDITIONAL:
Use the simple present tense to talk about general and scientific facts. You can use the
simple present ...
BE CAREFUL
Use the simple present tense in the “IF” CLAUSE AND THE SIMPLE FUTURE WITH (WILL OR BE GOING
TO) in the result ...
If you notice, in written
form when using the “if”
clause first, the second
or result clause goes
after a comma (,)
PAST:
...
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Conditionals_Zero And First conditional

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Zero and First Conditional

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Transcript of "Conditionals_Zero And First conditional"

  1. 1. Conditional sentences express a result of an action. They usually have an “if” clause and a result clause. “If” clause (the condition) result clause (the effect/consequence) If I eat dinner at home I don’t eat too much If they speak Dutch to the taxi driver He won’t understand If I wake up early in the morning I arrive to work on time Examples: • Water Freezes If you decrease its temperature below 0 degrees. • She goes on vacation in August if she doesn’t have much work. • He runs in the park if the weather is good.
  2. 2. ZERO CONDITIONAL: Use the simple present tense to talk about general and scientific facts. You can use the simple present tense or the present tense with verb to-be in both clauses. (cause and effect) EXAMPLE: • If it rains, We have to take an umbrella (general fact) • If you heat water to 100 degrees, it boils. (scientific fact) FIRST CONDITIONAL • Use the simple present tense in the “IF” CLAUSE AND THE SIMPLE FUTURE WITH (WILL OR BE GOING TO) in the result clause. • Use simple future to talk about what will happen in the future under certain conditions. ZERO AND FIRST CONDITIONAL
  3. 3. BE CAREFUL Use the simple present tense in the “IF” CLAUSE AND THE SIMPLE FUTURE WITH (WILL OR BE GOING TO) in the result clause. • If I go to sleep too late tonight, I won’t be able to get up on time (future result) • If she comes home after 8:00, I’m going to make dinner. • If he eats all the chili, he will get a terrible stomachache. Don’t forget that the clause “IF” can go in the second part of the whole clause, for instance: I WILL GO TO THE MOVIES IF HE CALLS ME TODAY OR IF HE CALLS ME TODAY, I WILL GO TO THE MOVIES. Pay attention to the requirement that the use of “will” has, It only goes in the result clause not with the “if “clause.
  4. 4. If you notice, in written form when using the “if” clause first, the second or result clause goes after a comma (,) PAST: a few years ago in the past in the last century in the 1990s. TIME EXPRESSIONS PRESENT: These days Today Nowadays This year This month It’s your decision the order you prefer. The most important thing is to practice and use CONDITIONALS… FUTURE: Soon In twenty years In the future Next week In a year tomorrow tonight
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