PRIMARY LEGAL MATERIAL
SECONDARY LEGAL MATERIAL
PRIMARY: AUTHORITATIVE RECORDS
OF LAW MADE BY LAW MAKING
- Legislation made by Parliament
- rules, regulations, orders, and by
- authoritative reports of decisions of
SECONDARY : THOSE PUBLICATION
WHICH REFER AND RELATE TO THE
LAW WHILE NOT BEING THEMSELVES
- LEGAL TEXT BOOKS
WHAT IS CITATION?
It is necessary to reference any statement
of law that is made by attributing the legal
(primary) authority , the starting point for
legal research is to know how that law
,contained in the report of a case, section
or clause of regulation ,is referred by legal
profession. This is known as citation of
Aim is to avoid piracy .
ALWD Citation Manual
s3,s4 and s5
and par ( c)
r 2 and r 3
Clause cl 5
Chapter ch I
r 2, r3, and r4
cl 6 and cl 7
Book: author(s), book title, edition,
publisher, date of publication, and page
number(s) if appropriate.
Smith, G Administrative Law (2nd ed.),
Oxford University Press, London,1970.
Singh Avtar, Law of Contract and Specific
Relief, (10th ed.),Eastern Book Company,
Journal: author(s), article title, journal
title, date of publication, and page
Rogers,B ,“The Pitfalls in Occupational
Health and Safety”, Vol 15 No 4 ,1998,
Newspaper: author(s), article title, name
of newspaper, section title and page
number(s) if desired, date of publication.
Shruti Setia Chhabra, “A green candle to
cut pollution”, Times of India ,Editorial,,
2010, p 3, Aug 28
M.C.Mehta v. Union of India, AIR 1987
SC 1086 at pp.1092-1098.
Brijendra Singh v. Haryana,
Web site: author(s), article and publication
title where appropriate, as well as a URL,
and a date when the site was accessed.
Judith Lloyd Yero, “The Meaning of
Education”, available at
. Accessed on 8th September 2010.