Sapa edisi 1 desember 2011
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×
 

Sapa edisi 1 desember 2011

on

  • 616 views

 

Statistics

Views

Total Views
616
Views on SlideShare
616
Embed Views
0

Actions

Likes
0
Downloads
6
Comments
0

0 Embeds 0

No embeds

Accessibility

Categories

Upload Details

Uploaded via as Adobe PDF

Usage Rights

© All Rights Reserved

Report content

Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
  • Full Name Full Name Comment goes here.
    Are you sure you want to
    Your message goes here
    Processing…
Post Comment
Edit your comment

Sapa edisi 1 desember 2011 Sapa edisi 1 desember 2011 Document Transcript

  • SAPA VOLUME 1, DESEMBER 2011 Strategic WTSTLE R TEEDRI SEIforIRPoverty ,VN O V E M B2E0R1 1 0 1 1 S L alliance DP S T A MT A M A alleviation N E WN E E ET IE PER A, NO EMBER 2 (ALIANSI STRATEGIS UNTUK PENANGGULANGAN KEMISKINAN) PROMOTING INNOVATION, COORDINATION AND PARTICIPATION IN POVERTY ALLEVIATION PROGRAMS E D I SI 1 , D E SE M B E R 2 0 1 1 | VO LU M E 1 , D E CE MBE R 2011 KEMENTERIAN KOORDINATOR BIDANG KESEJAHTERAAN RAKYATAdvisorSujana Royat (Kemenko Kesra),Bambang Widianto (Tim NasionalPercepatan Penanggulangan Kemiskinan, Bersama­dengan­Badan­Pertanahan­nasional­(BPN),­petani­miskin­di­Dusun­Kulonbambang,­TNP2K), Alexander Irwan (Ford Foundation) Kabupaten­Blitar,­Jawa­Timur­berpartisipasi­dalam­pengukuran­tanah­untuk­land reform.Chief EditorKatiman Kartowinomo (Kemenko Kesra) Together with the National land Agency BPN, poor farmers in Kulonbambang Village in Blitar District,Editor East Java, participated in the land mapping for land reform. KYaury Tetanel (Komite Kemitraan Indonesiauntuk Penanggulangan Kemiskinan –KKIPK), Katiman Kartowinomo (Kemenko Dari redaksiKesra), Luh Nyoman Dewi Triandayani(KKIPK), Fakhrulsyah Mega (KKIPK)Contributors tanah: asset dan aksesaceh: Azharuddinnorth Sumatera: Kominta Sari Purba Menuju Sejahtera emiskinan memang bisa pa­ ar­yang­memungkinkan­me­ e­ s ­ r ­ ­West Java: Surahmat, Eva Patimah, Umar di­ efinisikan­ secara­ luas,­ d ka­mengelola­asset­mereka­un­ uk­ t ­Alam, Yudi Kurnia, Daden Sukendar, baik­ fisik­ maupun­ non­ men­ ukupi­kebutuhan­hidup.­ cDeden fisik,­baik­praktis,­pragmatis­mau­ Dalam­ edisi­ perdana­ ini­ se­ ­ ­central Java: Zakaria, Gunung Wiryanto pun­ filosofis.­ Tapi­ sebenarnya­ ngaja­ sidang­ redaksi­ me­ i­ ih­ mlyogyakarta: Triwahyuni Suci Wulandari be­ ang­ merah­ yang­ bisa­ ditarik­ n ­ tema­ terkait­ dengan­ perta­ ah­ n­ n ­ aSouth Sulawesi: Mulyadi dari­kemiskinan­adalah­ketiadaan­ karena­ tanah­ mem­ unyai­ fung­ i­ p ­ s ­east nusa tenggara: Paul asset­dan­akses.­ yang­ sangat­ strategis­ seka­ i­ us­ lg ­­Bali: Luh Debora Murthy Asset­ bisa­ diartikan­ sebagai­ vital­ untuk­ menang­ u­ angi­ ke­ g lWest nusa tenggara: Siti Sanisah hak­penguasaan­terhadap­sumber­ mis­ inan.­ Selain­ itu­ dari­ bebe­ k ­layout da­ a­yang­tangible­seperti­tanah,­ y ­ rapa­ kasus­ sengketa­ tanah,­ yang­KOMSENI dan­akses­dapat­diartikan­sebagai­ me­ upakan­feno­ ena­gu­ ung­es,­ r m n hak­masyarakat­miskin­untuk­ikut­ ter­ impan­ perma­ a­ ahan­ men­ s s lPublisher menentukan­alokasi­sumber­daya­ dasar­ yang­ menjadi­ bom­ wak­ u­ tSAPA Secretariat yang­ non­tangible­ seperti­ bi­ it­ b ­ yang­ seolah­ menunggu­ pe­ icu­m ­Address: Jl. Kesehatan IX No. 8, Jakarta, dan­ ternak,­ dan­ keuangan­ dan­ un­ uk­ meledakkan­ berba­ ai­ t g ­Telephone and fax 62 21 3865213Website: www.sapa.dev.idEmail: sapa-indonesia@googlegroups.com 1
  • Dari redaksi SAPA NEWSLETTER, EDISI 1, DESEMBER 2011 masalah­ sosial­ di­ negeri­ ini.­ struktural­melemahkan­mereka.­ tiga­ wilayah­ tersebut­ menun­ Ma­ a­ ah­ pertanahan­ juga­ sebe­ s l Seiring­ dengan­ kemampuan­ juk­ an­ bahwa­ land reform­ yang­ k ­ nar­ ya­ mencerminkan­ multi­ n ­ me­ eka­ mengorganisir­ diri­ un­ r se­ ak­ dulu­ diwacanakan­ dan­ te­ j pro­ lem­ baik­ dari­ sisi­ ekonomi,­ b ­ tuk­ mem­ erjuangkan­ hak­ mere­ p ­ ­ lah­ di­ a­ angkan­ menjadi­ pro­ c n ke­ dilan­sosial,­budaya,­good go­ a ­ ka­atas­asset­dalam­bentuk­ta­ ah­ n ­ gram­nasional­Badan­Pertanah­ n­ a vernance­ dan­ demokrasi.­ Sebut­ yang­dipelopori­oleh­Kinan,­ke­ i­ h Nasional,­ bukanlah­ sesuatu­ yang­ sa­ a­ satu­ masalah­ yang­ di­ ng­ j a ­ dupan­ masyarakat­ di­ perke­ un­ b ‘menakutkan’­ dan­ tidak­ masuk­ kat­dalam­salah­satu­topik,­yaitu­ an­ tersebut­ sudah­ men­ adi­ jauh­ j akal.­ Land reform­ da­ am­ bentuk­ l per­ a­ alahan­tanah­yang­terjadi­ m ­ s lebih­ baik.­ Apalagi­ apabila­ akses­ asset­ dan­ akses­ re­ orm­ justru­ f di­ Blitar,­ tempat­ dimana­ sang­ ter­ a­ ap­pengambilan­keputusan­ h d men­ adi­simpul­da­ i­be­ ang­per­ j ­ r n ­ ­ Pro­ ­ amator­ dan­ Wakil­ Pre­ i­ k ­l s un­ uk­ alokasi­ sumber­ daya­ yang­ t masalahan­ ke­ is­ in­ n­ dan­ ke­ m ­ a k ­ ­ den­ kita­ sekarang­ lahir­ dan­ di­ in­ a­ gi­ le­ juga­ bisa­ mereka­ per­ t n b sen­ angan­ yang­ kusut­ untuk­ ke­ j ­ ­ besarkan.­Issue­pertanahan­yang­ oleh.­ Hal­ serupa­ juga­ terjadi­ di­ mu­ ian­diurai­dan­menjadi­solu­ i­ d ­ s ­ di­ isahkan­oleh­Kinan,­De­ an­Pe­ k ­ w ­ ­ Ka­ u­ aten­ Garut­ dan­ Bandung­ b p tepat­untuk­mem­ er­ aya­ an­dan­ b d k na­ ehat­ Paguyuban­ Pe­ ani­ Ar­ o­ s ­ t y di­ ana­asset­dan­akses­terhadap­ m men­ ejahterakan­masya­ akat­pe­ s ­ r Blitar,­ tentang­ bagai­ ana­ ti­ ak­ m ­ d tanah­ diberikan­ dan­ dibuka­ se­ ta­ i­yang­miskin. n ber­ ayanya­ para­ pekerja­ per­ e­ d ­ k ­ ­ hingga­ masyarakat­ dapat­ lebih­ Tantangan­ yang­ harus­ diha­ bunan­yang­tadi­ ya­adalah­pe­ ilik­ n m ­ leluasa­untuk­mengatur­kehi­ up­ d dapi­ selanjutnya­ adalah­ bagai­ ­ kebun­menunjukkan­bahwa­ke­ ia­ t ­ annya­dan­membebaskan­diri­dari­ ma­ a­ mereplikasi­ upaya­upaya­ n daan­ asset­ dan­ akses­ bisa­ di­ ki­ a ­ ­ ­ masalah­kemiskinan.­ ino­ asi­ land reform,­ yang­ pada­ v ­ batkan­oleh­kebijakan­yang­se­ ara­ c ­ Cerita­ sukses­ land reform di inti­ ya­ membuka­ akses­ and­ n ­ lanDholDingS: aSSetS anD born and raised. The issue raised by Kinan, advisor to the Association acceSS to ProSPerity of Aryo Blitar Farmers, showed how incapacitated the field workers felt, who in fact were the original owners A definition of poverty can In this first edition of this pu- of the agricultural estate where they be wide-ranging, because blication, the editors have selected toiled as laborers. This case shows it encompasses both the the theme of landholdings because how non-ownership of assets and physical and non-physical, the land ownership is not only strategic access can be a direct result of practical, the pragmatic, and one but also vital in the effort for com- policy that by default takes away a can even be philosophical about munities to overcome poverty. community’s power over assets. it. In fact, the basic tenet running Often land dispute cases are like In tandem with the community’s through a discussion on poverty is icebergs, with the larger portion capability to organize themselves to that there is a glaring lack of assets of the problem buried out of sight, fight for their land rights with Kinan and access to resources. Assets can creating a social time bomb waiting taking up the cudgels, life for this include the rights over tangible to detonate. Landholding issues are community has taken a turn for resources, such as landholdings. in fact a reflection of a multitude the better. This would be further Access could include the rights of problems, including ones with an enhanced once they have gained of poor communities to take part economic, social injustice, cultural, access to their rights to determine in determining the allocation of good governance and democracy allocation of intangible resources. A non-tangible resources such as dimension. similar situation happened in Garut seedlings, livestock, financing and One of the topics we have and Bandung regencies, where market decisions, which could em- taken up is the one concerning land assets and access to landholdings power them to fulfill their own basic disputes in Blitar, the place where were opened up, enabling the daily needs. Indonesia’s first president was communities to manage their own2
  • SAPA NEWSLETTER, VOLUME 1, DECEMBER 2011 from the editormem­ eri­ an­ asset­ tanah­ kepada­ b k ­ baik­pusat­maupun­daerah,­swasta­ warning­ system­ terhadap­ per­ ­pe­ ani­dan­masyarakat­miskin,­ke­ t ­ dan­kelompok­lainnya.­ ma­ alahan­permasalahan­ sosial­ s ­wilayah­wilayah­ lain­ yang­ mem­ Program­ SAPA­ yang­ didu­ yang­ mungkin­ akan­ mun­ ul­ cpunyai­tanah­potensial­untuk­‘di­ kung­ oleh­ berbagai­ stakeholders­ dan­ me­ er­ ukan­ pena­ gan­ n­ m l ­ n abagikan’­ kepada­ petani.­ Upaya­ ber­ paya­ menjadi­ katalisator­ u ­ yang­ cepat.­ Yang­ pasti­ pe­ ang­ nupa­ a­positif­kemitraan­yang­te­ ah­ y l agar­ good­ will­ dan­ willingness­ gu­ angan­ kemis­ inan­ me­ erlu­ l k mdiupayakan­oleh­BPN,­Pemerintah­ dari­ semua­ pihak­ terkait­ refor­ kan­ upaya­ yang­ konsis­ en­ dan­ tDaerah,­dan­Swasta­menjadi­best ma­ agraria­ dapat­ tumbuh­ dan­ terus­ menerus.­ Banyak­ cara­ dan­practices dan lessons learned­yang­ ter­ em­ atani­ dalam­ jeja­ ing­ ke­ j ­ b r jalan­ bisa­ ditempuh­ menuju­ ke­perlu­ ditularkan­ seluas­luasnya­ mitraan­ yang­ saling­ meng­ n­ u ­ ­ sana,­ dan­ reforma­ agraria­ men­un­ uk­mempercepat­pengurang­ n­ t a tung­ an.­ Upaya­upaya­ ter­ e­ ut­ k s ­b jadi­satu­kunci­sukses­untuk­me­kemiskinan.­Yang­lebih­urgen­lagi­ diantaranya­ dengan­ mengem­ wujudkannya.­adalah­bagaimana­melembaga­ an­k ­ bang­ an­ resource­ center­ di­ 15­ k ­ Selamat­membaca.pola­pola­ kemitraan­ yang­ telah­ kabu­ aten/kota­ sebagai­ basis­ p ­terbukti­ efektif­ meningkatkan­ data­ kemis­ inan­ yang­ akan­ di­ kke­ ejahteraan­ rakyat­ ke­ da­ am­ s ­ l per­ aya­ oleh­ pemerintah­ dae­ k ­ ­ Katiman Kartowinomo,ke­ ijakan­ dan­ program­ peme­ b ­ rah­ masing­masing­ untuk­ mem­ Pemimpin Redaksirin­ ah­daerah­secara­reguler.­Jadi­ t ­ pertajam­ tar­ et­ kebijakan­ dan­ gda­ am­ inovasi­ land reform ini l program­dae­ ah.­Yang­lebih­pen­ rme­ erlukan­ good will­ sekaligus­ m ­ ting­ lagi­ adalah­ resource­ cen­ er­ twillingness to do­dari­pemerintah,­ akan­ menjadi­ salah­ satu­ early­lives and free themselves from sector can produce best practicespoverty. and lessons learned to be spread The success stories of land re- far and wide to reduce poverty.form in the three areas are strong Even more urgent is the need toevidence that the notion for land institutionalize those partnershipsownership, long a favourite discour- that have proven effective in increas-se of the National Land Agency is ing the prosperity of communities, poverty databases. This data cannothing to be “scared” about, nor by the creation of policies and go- then be enhanced by the localis it an improbable one to make it vernment programs. Land reform governments in each locale toreal. Land reform in the form of innovations urgently need good will enrich their policy targets and localasset and access reform can in fact and political will on the part of both programs. More importantly, thebe the central solution to poverty local and the central governments, resource centers can act as an earlyalleviation and social gaps, and it as well as actors in the private sector warning system for social problemscan empower and create prosperity and NGOs. that can emerge at any moment,for poor farming communities. The SAPA program participated needing rapid and careful handling. The biggest challenge ahead by various stakeholders aims to be- Poverty alleviation needs consistentis replicating the innovative efforts come a catalisator for goodwill and and constant efforts. There arefor land reform, the central point willingness of all parties involved many roads and avenues that canto open up access and provision in agrarian reform. We hope this be taken, and agrarian reform is oneof land assets to farmers and poor reform will grow and create bridges of the key solutions that could leadcommunities, in areas with enough between partners and networks, to the pathway of success.land to be redistributed to farmers. and be of benefit to all. These Happy reading, Effective partnerships created efforts include the establishmentbetween the National Land Agency, of resource centers in 15 cities/ Katiman Kartowinomo,local governments, and the private regencies as the repository for Editor in Chief 3
  • Data SAPA NEWSLETTER, EDISI 1, DESEMBER 2011 I Konversi lahan, Pembangunan Pertanian, dan Kemiskinan di indonesia Oleh, Yauri G.P Tetanel ndonesia­sejak­lama­telah­mendeklarasikan­diri­ Data­ pada­ grafik,­ menunjukkan­ bahwa­ jumlah­ nya­ sebagai­ negara­ agraris.­ Hal­ ini­ tentu­ saja­ lahan­sawah­di­pulau­jawa­terus­mengalami­penurunan­ tidak­terlepas­dari­potensi­dan­kesuburan­lahan­ dibandingkan­dengan­luas­lahan­sawah­diluar­pulau­ yang­dimiliki,­akan­tetapi­juga­karena­sebagian­besar­ jawa.­ Penurunan­ lahan­ sawah­ dipulau­ jawa­ sebesar­ penduduknya­menggantungkan­mata­pencahariannya­ 10,37­ juta­ hektar­ atau­ 0,31­ %­ /­ tahun.­ Disamping­ pada­ bidang­ pertanian.­ Walaupun­ demikian,­ dalam­ masalah­alih­fungsi­lahan­sawah,­persoalan­lain­yang­ beberapa­ dekade­ terakhir­ ini,­ pembangunan­ sektor­ tidak­kalah­pentingnya­adalah­tanah­terlantar.Dalam­ pertanian­ mengalami­ ketertinggalan­ dengan­ pem­ Peraturan­ Pemerintah­ No­ 11­ Tahun­ 2010­ ­ tentang­ bangunan­sektor­lainnya.­Contoh­yang­dapat­dilihat­ Pe­ ertiban­ &­ Pendayagunaan­ Tanah­ Terlantar­ dise­ n ­ secara­kasat­mata,­adalah­tidak­adanya­keberpihakan­ butkan­bahwa­yang­dimaksud­dengan­obyek­pener­ pemerintah­ dalam­ melindungi­ alih­ fungsi­ lahan­ tiban­ tanah­ terlantar­ meliputi­ tanah­ yang­ sudah­ pertanian.­ Walaupun­ telah­ diterbitkan­ sejumlah­ diberikan­ hak­ oleh­ Negara­ berupa­ Hak­ Milik,­ Hak­ kebijakan­ dan­ regulasi­ untuk­ mencegah­ alih­ funsi­ Guna­Usaha,­Hak­Guna­Bangunan,­Hak­Pakai,­dan­Hak­ lahan­ pertanian,­ namun­ pada­ kenyataannya­ alih­ Pengelolaan,­­atau­dasar­penguasaan­atas­tanah­yang­ fungsi­ lahan­ pertanian­ terus­ meningkat­ setiap­ tidak­ diusahakan,­ ­ tidak­ dipergunakan,­ atau­ tidak­ tahunnya.­Data­BPS­menyebutkan­terjadi­alih­fungsi­ dimanfaatkan­ sesuai­ dengankeadaannya­ atau­ sifat­ lahan­pertanian­sebesar­100­ribu­hektar­per­tahun.­ ­ dan­tujuan­pemberian­hak­atau­dasar­penguasaannya. Berikut­ ini­ adalah­ grafik­ mengenai­ perkembangan­ Data­BPN­menyebutkan­bahwa­di­Indonesia­masih­ada­ luas­lahan­sawah­di­Indonesia. sekitar­7,2­juta­hektar­tanah­terlantar.­ Alih­ fungsi­ lahan­ sawah­ di­ pulau­ jawa­ dipicu­ juga­ de­ ­ ngan­ meningkatnya­ jumlah­ Grafik 1. Perkembangan Luas Lahan Sawah pen­ uduk­ setiap­ tahun­ yang­ d ­ di Indonesia (Juta Hektar) mem­ erikan­ tekanan­ pada­ me­ b ­ ning­ atnya­ kebutuhan­ lahan­ k untuk­ permukiman­ mau­ un­ p pem­ angunan­ infrasruktur­ lain­ b ­ nya.­ Meningkatnya­ alih­ fungsi­ lahan­ pertanian­ menimbulkan­ an­ aman­ yang­ serius­ terhadap­ c ke­ ampuan­ negara­ dalam­ pe­ m ­ nye­ iaan­ pangan.­ Bahkan­ pada­ d tahap­ tertentu,­ Indonesia­ mulai­ dianggap­ telah­ kehilangan­ ke­ daulatan­atas­pangan.­Sebut­saja­ beberapa­ komoditi­ penting­ per­ tanian­ yang­ menjadi­ konsumsi­ masyarakat­banyak­seperti­beras,­ harus­ diimpor­ dari­ negara­ lain.­ Sumber­Data­:­Luas­Lahan­&­Penggunaannya,­BPS4
  • SAPA NEWSLETTER, VOLUME 1, DECEMBER 2011 DataBerikut­ ini­ adalah­ beberapa­ komoditi­ penting­ yang­ nurunan­ jumlah­ penduduk­ miskin­ dari­ tahun­ ke­harus­diimpor­Indonesia­dari­negara­lain. ta­ un,­ namun­ demikian­ jumlah­ penduduk­ mis­ h ­ kin­ yang­ tinggal­ di­ perdesaan­ masih­ cukup­ ting­ i.­g Bah­ an­ diduga­ bahwa­ sebagian­ penduduk­ mis­ in­ k ­ k yang­ berada­ di­ perkotaan­ merupakan­ juga­ pen­ u­ dTabel 1. Posisi & Rerata Volume Impor Indonesia duk­ perdesaan­ yang­ melakukan­ urbanisasi­ un­ uk­ tTerhadap Bahan Pangan Beras Jagung Kedelai Daging Gula mendapatkan­ penghidupan­ yang­ lebih­ baik­ di­ per­ ­ kotaan.­Dalam­beberapa­tahun­terakhir,­pe­ e­ in­ ah­ m ­ t r Bahan Pangan mulai­memfokuskan­untuk­mendorong­im­ le­ entasi­ p m 437,99 962,24 1.180,55 13,60 822,76 program­program­ penanggulangan­ ke­ iskinan­ di­ m Rerata Volume Impor (Ribu Ton) 13 22 11 33 2 perdesaan,­ seperti­ PNPM­ (Program­ Na­ ional­ Pem­ s ­ ­ PeringkatSumber­Data­:­USDA,­Grain­:­World­Markets­&­Trade.­Desember­2007­ berdayaan­ Masyarakat).­ Walaupun­ demi­ ian,­ pro­ k ­ gram–program­ penanggulangan­ ke­ is­ inan­ yang­ m kdikutip­melalui­Harian­Kompas. dilakukan­ belum­ sepenuhnya­ menjawab­ persoalan­ Kebijakan­ negara­ yang­ belum­ berpihak­ pada­ dasar­yang­menjadi­akar­kemiskinan­di­ ingkat­desa­ tper­ anian­juga­berdampak­pada­aspek­lainnya­yaitu­ t ­ yaitu­masih­timpangnya­distribusi­kepe­ ilikan­dan­ mtingkat­ penyerapan­ tenaga­ kerja­ pada­ sektor­ per­ penguasaan­ lahan.­ Hampir­ sebagian­ besar­ tenaga­tanian.­Jumlah­tenaga­kerja­yang­bekerja­pada­sektor­ kerja­pertanian­diperdesaan­merupakan­buruh­tani­pertanian­ menunjukkan­ penurunan­ dari­ tahun­ ke­ atau­ penggarap­ yang­ bekerja­ dengan­ upah­ yang­tahun­ dan­ menjadi­ salah­ satu­ faktor­ penting­ yang­ sangat­ minim.­ Kondisi­ ini­ tentu­ saja­ tidak­ bisa­ ha­mendorong­terjadinya­urbanisasi­masyarakat­desa.­ nya­ diselesaikan­ dengan­ menginisiasi­ program­ pe­ ­ ­ Penurunan­jumlah­tenaga­kerja­di­sektor­perta­ i­ n ­ nang­ ulangan­ kemiskinan,­ akan­ tetapi­ mem­ u­ uh­ g b tan­akibat­alih­fungsi­lahan­serta­tidak­adanya­ke­ i­ ak­ bj kan­ komitmen­ dan­ kebijakan­ politik­ peme­ intah­ran­pemerintah­yang­melindungi­produksi­hasil­perta­ yang­kon­ isten­untuk­mengakhiri­ketimpangan­yang­ snian­dalam­negeri­juga­menyebabkan­dam­ ak­serius­ p ber­ e­ anjangan­ pada­ sektor­ pertanian.­ Berikut­ ini­ k ­ pdalam­penanggulangan­kemiskinan.­Kecen­ erungan­ d ­ adalah­ gambaran­ mengenai­ perkembangan­ kondisi­yang­ terjadi­ selama­ ini­ memang­ menunjukkan­ pe­ kemis­ inan­di­tingkat­perkotaan­dan­pedesaan. kGrafik 2. Perkembangan Jumlah Penduduk Miskin di Perdesaan & Perkotaan (Dalam Juta Jiwa).Sumber­:­Data&­Informasi­Kemiskinan­BPS 5
  • Data SAPA NEWSLETTER, EDISI 1, DESEMBER 2011 land conversion, agrarian Development, and Poverty in indonesia By Yauri G.P Tetanel I ndonesia for quite a long time now has referred to The graph shows that the number of paddyfields in itself as an agrarian country. This of course relates Java is on the decline (10.37 million hectares, or 0.31 per very much to the country’s fertile soil and land cent per year) in comparison to figures of land devoted potential. But it also refers to the fact that a major to paddyfields outside of Java. Besides the matter of portion of the population depends on agriculture for shifting of land function, another issue which is just as their livelihood. It is ironic then that in the past few serious is that of fallow land.Government Regulation No. decades, agrarian development is lagging far behind 11, 2010 governing Order and Utilization ofFallow Land when compared to progress enjoyed by other sectors. statesthat fallow lands to be put in order include plots An outstanding case in point is the fact that the furnished with rights bestowed by the State in the form government provides practically no protection against of Right of Ownership,Right of Livelihood Utilization, shifts in the usage of agrarian land. Even though policies Right toBuild Upon, Right to Use, and Right to Manage, and regulations exist in abundance to waylay alteration or basic power over plots not managed for business, of agrarian land functions, the reality is, agrarian land not utilized, or land not made use of in line with its continues to decrease as years go by. Data by the Bureau condition or characteristics or the aim of the rights and of Statistics show that these shifts occur to the tune of basic power over bestowedby the State.Datafrom the 100 thousand hectares per year. Follows is a graph of Bureau of Statistics show that some 7.2 million hectares paddyfield development in Indonesia. of land are left fallow, or not made good use of. Graph 1. Paddy-Field Development in Indonesia Source: Land Size and Its Usage, Bureau of Statistics6
  • SAPA NEWSLETTER, VOLUME 1, DECEMBER 2011 Data Shifts in usage of agrarian land on the island of The decline in numbers of the workforce in theJava is triggered by yearly population increases which agriculture sector is a direct result of changes in landcreate huge demands for housing areas and other types usage, as well as the fact that the government pro-of infrastructure. This shift in agrarian land usage has vides no protective policies towards domestic agri-created major pressures on the country’s ability to culture products. This in turn has created seriousensure food security. On a certain level, Indonesia is now poverty challenges. Statistics show that even thoughperceived as having lost its food sovereignity. Several poor communities are on the decline in Indonesia, thestaple agricultural commodities, such as rice, now has to number of poor populations in villages are still quitebe imported. Follows is a graph that shows important high.staples that Indonesia imports from other countries. It is estimated that figures for portions of the poor in urban centers are also the self-same figures forTable 1. Position and Average Food Import Volumes poor communities in villages who have migrated toby Indonesia the city to seek out better livelihoods. In recent years, the government has focused on poverty alleviation Husk Food Type Rice Corn Soy Meat Sugar programs, such as the PNPM (the National Community Average Import 437,99 962,24 1.180,55 13,60 822,76 Empowerment Program) in village areas. Yet, these Volumes programs have not touched on the inherent cause (in thousand 13 22 11 33 2 of poverty at the village level, i.e. the glaring gaps in Tons) Levels distribution of ownership and access to landholdings.Source: USDA, Grain: World Markets & Trade, Dec. 2007, quoted by A big number of the agricultural workforce in villagesKompas daily are field labourers or hired help who work for a very basic minimum wage. Policies that do not support growth in the agriculture This state of affairs obviously cannot be solvedsector also have impact on another aspect, that of the by a mere initiation of poverty alleviation programs.absorption of people working in that sector. Statistics They need real commitment and consistent govermentshow a definite decline on the numbers of people policies to end longstanding gaps in the agricultureworking in agriculture through the years, and this is sector. Follows is a graph on the development of povertyone of the main factors behind the migration of village growth in urban centers and villages.communities to urban centers.Graph 2. Development of Poor Populations in Villages and Urban Centers (in millions)Source: Poverty Data and Information, Bureau of Statistics 7
  • Data SAPA NEWSLETTER, EDISI 1, DESEMBER 2011 Setelah­berhasilnya­ujicoba­SID­di­berbagai­desa­ ter­ ebut,­ se­ arang­ CRI,­ IDEA­ (Institute­ for­ Deve­ s k apa Manfaat lop­ ent­ and­ Economic­ Ana­ ysis,­ Yogyakarta)­ dan­ m l ­ Sistem informasi Desa (SiD) FORMASI­(Forum­Masyarakat­Sipil,­Kebu­ en),­seba­ m Gagasan­pengembangan­Sistem­Informasi­Desa­(SID)­ gai­bagian­dari­SAPA,­be­ erjasama­untuk­se­ ara­ber­ k c Sejarah SID yang­ di­ pe­ asikan­ oleh­ perangkat­ desa­ pertama­ o r tahap­membangun­SID­di­selu­ uh­desa­di­Kabupaten­ r kali­ muncul­ di­ ta­ un­ 2008­ di­ Desa­ Terong­ di­ Ban­ h Gunung­ Kidul­ dan­ Kebumen.­ Untuk­ tahap­ pertama,­ tul,­Yogyakarta.­Pemerintah­desa­ingin­membangun­ di­ Gunung­ Kidul­ SID­ di­ angun­ di­ Desa­ Nglegi­ dan­ b ­ sis­ em­ layan­ n­ publik­ di­ desa­ yang­ baik,­ leng­ ap,­ t a k Girikarto.­Kedua­desa­tersebut­di­ ilih­menjadi­loka­ p dan­ cepat­ berdasarkan­ data­ berbasis­ computer­ si­awal­pe­ gem­ angan­SID­karena­disana­IDEA­dan­ n b yang­ aku­ at.­ Pemerintah­ Desa­ Terong,­ yang­ telah­ r ­ PKM­(Peningkatan­Ke­ er­ ayaan­Masyarakat),­da­ am­ b ­ d l menge­ al­ COM­ INE­ Resource­ Institution­ (CRI)­ n ­ B kerangka­program­SAPA,­telah­mem­ asilitasi­dilaku­ f me­ a­ ui­ pengelolaan­ jaringan­ radio­ komu­ itas­ di­ l l ­ ­ n kannya­Ana­ isis­Kemiskinan­Desa­Parti­ ipatif­(AKDP).­ l s Yogyakarta,­ me­ inta­ bantuan­ NGO­ tersebut­ untuk­ m AKPD­kemudian­diintegrasikan­ke­dalam­SID­supaya­ mem­ angun­ sistem­ infor­ asi­ pengelolaan­ sumber­ b m perencanaan­dan­pengambilan­keputusan­desa­bisa­ daya­komunitas.­ responsif­terhadap­kebutuhan­orang­miskin. SID­di­Desa­Terong­mulai­ di­ a­ gun­ pada­perte­ b n ngah­ n­tahun­2009.­Pada­akhir­tahun­2011­ini,­SID­ a te­ ah­ diuji­ obakan­ di­ sejumlah­ desa­ di­ Yogyakarta,­ l c SID­mempunyai­tiga­basis­data­utama,­yakni­basis­data­ Apa isi SID Jawa­tengah,­Jawa­Timur,­dan­Jawa­Barat,­me­ iputi: l kependudukan­desa,­basis­data­keuangan­desa,­dan­ basis­data­sumber­daya­desa.­Basis­data­kependudukan­ •­ Bantul,­Yogyakarta­­ :­ 3­desa desa­ adalah­ bagian­ pertama­ yang­ dibangun­ untuk­ •­ Gunungkidul,­Yogyakarta­­ :­ 2­desa menjadi­data­dasar­yang­bisa­dijadikan­rujukan­bagi­ •­ Klaten,­Jawa­Tengah­­ :­ 8­desa pengembangan­data­dan­informasi­lainnya.­Basis­data­ •­ Magelang,­Jawa­Tengah­­ :­ 2­desa kependudukan­ ini­ menyimpan­ data­ dasar­ keluarga­ •­ Temanggung,­Jawa­Tengah­:­ 1­desa yang­ mencakup­ data­ kependudukan­ berdasarkan­ •­ Pacitan,­Jawa­Timur­­ :­ 1­desa data­ Kartu­ Keluarga­ (KK)­ dan­ data­ individu­ per­ •­ Tasikmalaya,­Jawa­Barat­­ :­ 1­desa Nomor­Induk­Kependudukan­(NIK).­ What a village information mid-2009. By the end of 2011, the SID had already been tried and tested on a number of villages in Yogyakarta, System (SiD) is for Central Java, East Java and West Java, covering: History of SID Bantul, Yogyakarta : 3 villages The notion to develop a Village Information System (SID) Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta : 2 villages operated by the village administration was first sounded Klaten, Jawa Tengah : 8 villages out in 2008 at the Terong Village in Bantul, Yogyakarta. Magelang, Jawa Tengah : 2 villages Village administrations had a dire need to establish good Temanggung, Jawa Tengah : 1 villages public service systems that were comprehensive and Pacitan, Jawa Timur : 1 villages rapid, and ones that used accurate computer-based Tasikmalaya, Jawa Barat : 1 villages data. The Terong Village administration, already familiar with the Combine Resource Institution (CRI) through After a successful SID trial run in all those villages, a community radio network project in Yogyakarta, CRI, the Institute for Development and Economic Ana- requested NGO assistance to push through the idea of lysis (IDEA) in Yogyakarta, and the Forum for Civil So- establishing a community resource information mana- ciety (Formasi) in Kebumen, members of SAPA, are now gement system. working together in steps to form SID in all the villages SID in Terong Village began to be established in throughout the Gunung Kidul and Kebumen Regencies.8
  • SAPA NEWSLETTER, VOLUME 1, DECEMBER 2011 Data Data­ dalam­ SID­ dapat­ diolah­secara­ statistik­ dan­ juga­ dapat­dijadikan­ data­ dasar­ pengolah­ n­ adokumen.­Catatan­bukti­kegiatan­ad­ inistrasi­ dan­ keuangan­ di­ m ­ting­ at­desa­terekam­pula­dalam­ ksis­ em­ ini.­ Kegiatan­ urusan­ ke­ t ­uang­ n­ desa­ yang­ bersifat­ ha­ a ­rian,­ bulanan,­ dan­ tahunan­ da­pat­ disimpan­ dan­ dipanggil­kem­ ali­ datanya­ dalam­ format­ b ­stan­ ard­ yang­ telah­ diatur­ oleh­ dpe­ erintah­ kabupaten.­ Modul­ mke­ angan­ dalam­ aplikasi­ SID­ ini­ uda­ at­ mencetak­ secara­ langsung­ pla­ or­ n­ kas­ buku­ kecil­ sebagai­ p a Staf­Pemerintah­Kabupaten­Bangka­Barat­berkunjung­ke­Desa­Terong­di­Bantul­untuk­buk­ i­ transaksi­ keuangan­ desa­ t mempelajari­SID.hingga­jurnal.­ Staf of West Bangka District Government visited Terong village in Bantul to learn about Village Information System (SID). dilakukan­oleh­pemerintah­desa­dengan­bantuan­tim­Siapa yang mengumpulkan dan melakukanData­awal­SID­Terong­dibangun­de­ gan­mengguna­ n ­ Karang­Taruna­selama­3­minggu.­Untuk­selanjutnya,­updating data?kan­ hasil­ sur­ ei­ Data­ Dasar­ Keluarga­ –­ Profil­ Desa­ v ­ proses­pengelolaan­data­dan­update­data­dilakukan­yang­ diterbitkan­ oleh­ Ke­ enterian­ Dalam­ Negeri­ m oleh­ staf­ pemerintah­ Desa­ Terong.­ Sekarang­ SID­di­awal­tahun­2010­yang­merupakan­ker­ asama­an­ j Desa­ Terong­ sudah­ bisa­ diakses­ melalui­ internet­ di­tara­ pemerintah­ desa­ dengan­ lembaga­ masyarakat­ http://terong­bantul.web.id.­ Se­ ang­ SID­ Nglegi­ dan­ ddesa­ seperti­ dusun,­ RT,­ dan­ Karang­ Taruna.­ Proses­ Girikarto­ bisa­ di­ kses­ di­ http://nglegi.sidesa.co.cc­ ainput­data­1605­Ke­ ala­Keluarga­(KK)­ke­dalam­SID­ p dan­http://girikarto.sidesa.co.cc.At the beginning, the Gunung Kidul SID was established in on their Population Central Number (NIK).the villages of Nglegi and Girikarto. The two villages were Data in SID can be crunched statistically, and canselected because it was there that IDEA and Association also be used as basic data to organize documents. Ad-of Community Empowerment (ACE), as part of SAPA ministrative and fiscal village documents are recordedProgram, facilitated a Participatory Village Poverty Ana- into the system. Fiscal activity of the village, from thelysis, or AKDP. This AKPD was later on integrated into the daily, monthly and yearly records can be filed and retrie-SID, to ensure all village planning and decisionmaking ved in standard format as organized by the regency ad-were responsive to the needs of the poor. ministration. Financial modules when applying SID can be printed directly into the ledgers as proof of monetaryWhat Are SID’s Contents? transactions right up to when they are recorded in theSID contains three main databases, i.e. the village village’s journal.population figures, the village’s fiscal database, andinformation on the village’s resources. The village Who compiles and updates data for SID?population database was the first part to be established Initial Terong village SID data was constructed usingto become the basic data for reference when creating survey results on Basic Family Data from the Villagefurther databases and information systems. Population Profile published by the Ministry of Internal Affairs indata covered basic family data including population early 2010, a joint-program between village adminis-details, family data, and data on the individuals based trations and village agencies, including hamlets, RT and 9
  • Data SAPA NEWSLETTER, EDISI 1, DESEMBER 2011 Update­data­dilakukan­ber­ arengan­dalam­fung­ i­ b s juga­akan­bisa­memanfaatkan­SID­untuk­menentukan­ SID­untuk­pelayanan­publik.­Setiap­hari­dalam­pro­ es­ s prioritas­dan­penyaluran­program­pro­ ram­mereka.­ g pelayanan­publik­kepada­warga­desa,­staf­peme­ in­ ah­ r t Dengan­ demikian,­ program­program­ mereka­ akan­ desa­akan­ selalu­ menerima­ update­ perubahan­ atau­ lebih­ sesuai­ dengan­ kebutuhan­ masya­ akat­ desa,­ r koreksi­data­dari­warga­yang­datang­ke­kantor­desa­ terutama­penduduk­miskinnya. untuk­melakukan­urusan­administrasi.­Perubahan,­ko­ ­ Sinkronisasi­ sistem­ juga­ akan­ memungkin­ an­k reksi,­ dan­ pembaruan­ data­ dapat­ dilakukan­ saat­ itu­ pe­ e­ intah­kebupaten­menampilkan­berbagai­doku­ m r ­ ­ ­ juga.­Warga­dapat­melihat­hasil­update­data­itu­me­ ­ ­ men­ kebijakan­ perencanaan­ dan­ penganggar­ n­ se­ a ­ lalui­satu­komputer­di­ruang­tunggu­kantor­desa­atau­ per­ i­Pagu­Indikatif­Kecamatan­(untuk­sistem­ting­ at­ t k ­ melalui­website.­Jika­ada­data­yang­salah,­warga­da­ at­ p kecamatan)­ dan­ Pagu­ Indikatif­ SKPD­ yang­ berbasis­ melaporkannya­secara­langsung­atau­melalui­sms. Dinas­ (untuk­ sistem­ tingkat­ kabupaten).­ SID­ juga­ akan­ menawarkan­ sistem­ sms­ gateway­ yang­ me­ ­ mung­ inkan­ warga­ untuk­ mengirimkan­ data­ hasil­ k Tim­Koordinasi­Penanggulangan­Kemiskinan­Daerah­ moni­ oring­ yang­ mereka­ lakukan­ sendiri­ terha­ ap­ t ­ d Apa manfaat SID (TKPKD)­Gunung­Kidul­sangat­mengapresiasi­inovasi­ pro­ ram­program­ pembangunan­ yang­ ada.­ Sistem­ g SID­ dan­ mempersilahkan­ data­ tersebut­ digunakan­ informasi­ interaktif­ pengembangan­ SID­ saat­ ini­ se­ sebagai­ dasar­ pelaksanaan­ program­ daerah­ di­ dua­ dang­ terus­ dikembangkan­ dalam­ sebuah­ sistem­ desa­ tersebut.­ Rencananya,­ SID­ akan­ diagregasikan­ online­di­alamat­ http://lumbungkomunitas.net.­Keber­ dengan­ sistem­ yang­ ada­ di­ tingkat­ kecamatan­ dan­ ada­ n­ sistem­ yang­ interaktif­ ini­ dapat­ mendorong­ a kabupaten.­ Sistem­ ini­ tidak­ hanya­ memungkinkan­ terlak­ ananya­ program­ pengentasan­ kemiskinan­ s pemerintah­ yang­ lebih­ tinggi­ untuk­ memonitor­ yang­efektif­dan­efisien. proses­yang­terjadi­di­tingkat­desa,­tapi­setiap­Dinas­ Karang Taruna. Data input processing of 1605 Heads of towards the SID innovation, and has allowed their data Households into the SID was conducted by the village to be used as the base for implementation of regional administration with the help of Karang Taruna members programs in the two villages. According to plan, SID for three weeks. In the next step, data management will be aggregated into the Sub-district and Regency and updating will be carried out by administrative staff systems. The system does not only make it possible of Terong Village. The Terong Village SID can now be for higher offices to monitor processes occurring on accessed on http://terong-bantul.web.id. Nglegi and the ground at village level, it also provides inputs for Girikarto SID can be accessed on http://nglegi.sidesa. each Government Agency to examine priority issues co.cc and http://girikarto.sidesa.co.cc. and decide appropriate programs. Finally, programs Data updates can be carried out in tandem with created will be responsive to the community’s needs, the SID function of servicing the public. Each day in the in particular the needs of the poor in that community. process of servicing the village public, village adminis- Synchronization of the system will also make it tration staff will keep on receiving alterations or data possible for Regency Administration to present policy corrections from village members visiting their office. and budgeting documents such as the Sub-district These alterations and corrections can be done right there Budget Platform and the SKPD Budget Platforms. SID and right away. The community can see the updates as can also offer a gateway equipped with short messaging they are processed into the computer in the waiting system that would make it possible for community room of the office, or on the website. Incorrect data members to send personal monitoring results on can be reported directly or through short messaging existing development programs. Interactive information texts using cell phones. systems to develop SID are currently being designed into an online system on http://lumbungkomunitas.net. Why SID is Needed The existence of an interactive system can really push The Local Poverty Alleviation Coordination Team forward the implementation of effective and efficient (TKPKD) of Gunung Kidul has shown much appreciation poverty alleviation programs.10
  • JSAPA NEWSLETTER, VOLUME 1, DECEMBER 2011 inovasiKerjasama Multi Pihak dalam Pelaksanaan Reforma Agraria:Sebuah Jalan Keluar Baru dalam PenanggulanganKemiskinan di Kabupaten garut dan Bandung awa­Barat­sebagian­besar­penduduknya­ber­ ata­m pen­ aharian­sebagai­petani,­sehingga­ke­ ika­dari­ c t nerima­ manfaat­ terhadap­ sumber­sumber­ eko­ omi­ n reform­merupakan­proses­penyediaan­akses­bagi­pe­ tahun­ke­tahun­luas­tanah­garapan­se­ akin­ber­ m dan­politik­serta­partisipasi­ekonomi­politik,­modal,­kurang,­isu­kepemilikan­tanah­menjadi­topik­ha­ gat.­n pasar,­ teknologi,­ pendampingan,­ peningkatan­ ka­ a­ pDisinyalir,­semakin­banyak­orang­menjadi­miskin­ka­ sitas­ dan­ kemampuan­ yang­ memungkinkan­ petani­rena­tidak­lagi­memiliki­lahan­untuk­di­ arap.­Mereka­ g untuk­ mengembangkan­ tanahnya­ sebagai­ sumber­yang­ dahulu­ petani­ pemilik­ sawah,­ beralih­ menjadi­ ke­ idupan.­Asset reform­tanpa­diikuti­access reform h ­buruh­tani­atau­petani­peng­ a­ ap.­Di­daerah­daerah­ g r tidak­ akan­ berhasil­ membuat­ petani­ keluar­ dari­se­ erti­ Kabupaten­ Garut­ dan­ Ban­ ung,­ kemiskinan­ p d kemiskinan.­ Sebaliknya,­ asset reform­ yang­ diikuti­ti­ ak­dapat­terlepas­dari­ma­ a­ ah­kepemilikan­tanah.­ d s l dengan access reform­akan­menjadi­jalan­keluar­ba­Maka­ketika­Pemerintah­me­ geluarkan­program­re­ n gi­petani­untuk­keluar­dari­kemiskinan­,­seperti­yang­forma­ agraria­ yang­ merupakan­ perpaduan­ antara­ terjadi­di­Kabupaten­Garut­dan­Bandung.Sesung­ uh­ gasset reform dan access reform,­ disambut­ baik­ oleh­ nya,­reforma­agraria­bukanlah­sesuatu­yang­baru­yang­se­ ua­pihak,­utamanya­petani­tanpa­tanah.­ m dapat­ dikategorikan­ sebagai­ sebuah­ inovasi.­ Te­ api­ t Asset reform yang­merupakan­penataan­kem­ ali­ b re­ orma­agraria­menjadi­sebuah­inovasi­ketika­dalam­ fpenguasaan,­ kepemilikan,­ penggunaan­ dan­ peman­ pelak­ anaannya­ menggunakan­ dan­ melahirkan­ me­ sfa­ tan­ tanah­ berdasarkan­ hukum­ dan­ peraturan­ a ­ tode­baru­yang­mendatangkan­keberhasilan.­per­ ndang­undangan­ pertanahan,­ mencakup­ re­ is­ u ­ d Dalam­ reforma­ agraria­ saat­ ini,­ ia­ tidak­ hanya­tri­ usi­ tanah­ dan­ legalisasi­ aset.­ Sedangkan­ access b ­ sekedar­asset reform,­tetapi­juga­diikuti­access reform.­Working Together to Implement Agrarian Reform:innovations in Poverty alleviation in garut and BandungA large portion of the population in West Java political resources, giving them access to capital, the relies on farming for their livelihood. This market, technology, assistance, capacity building, and makes the issue of ever-decreasing landholdings participation in political economy, and increasing theirover the years a hot topic for discussion. Many people capability to develop land as their source of livelihood.became destitute for no longer having land to farm Asset reform without access reform is of no use toon. Many former paddy-field owners had to become farmers embroiled in poverty.field laborers, working on land owned by other parties. On the other hand, the combination of the two re-In areas such as Garut and Bandung, poverty is very forms has provided a way out of destitution for farm-much related to the issue of land ownership. Thus, when ers in Garut and Bandung. Agrarian reform, of course,the government declared an agrarian reform program, is nothing new, and cannot even be dubbed as inno-i.e. a combination of asset reform and access reform, vative. But it is innovation if in its implementation,the move was applauded by stakeholders, especially new methodologies are enacted with successful endlandless farmers. results. Asset reform, which is a reorganization of owner- The current agrarian reform program does notship and the right of use over land based on law and only deal with the issues of assets and access, it alsoby-laws, also includes redistribution of land and lega- involves all stakeholders, encompassing the central andlization of assets. Access reform is the process of local governments, the private sector and NGOs, and ofproviding beneficiaries an access to economic and course the landless farmers. 11
  • inovasi SAPA NEWSLETTER, EDISI 1, DESEMBER 2011 Dalam­ pelaksanaannya­ pun­ melibatkan­ seluruh­ Potret­ keberhasilan­ petani­ (dan­ buruh­ per­ e­ k pihak,­tidak­hanya­pemerintah­(pusat­atau­daerah),­ bunan)­ yang­ mem­ eroleh­ kombinasi­ asset reform p tetapi­juga­swasta­dan­lembaga­swadaya­masyarakat,­ dan access reformdalam­bentuk­tanah,­modal­(tidak­ serta­ masyarakat­ penerima­ tanah­ (petani­ tanpa­ hanya­be­ upa­uang),­dan­ketrampilan­me­ alui­peng­ r l tanah).­ Keterlibatan­ multi­ pihak­ ini­ membutuhkan­ organisasian­yang­di­ akukan­oleh­LSM,­dapat­dilihat­ l koordinasi­satu­dengan­lainnya,­agar­reforma­agraria­ di­Kabupaten­Garut­dan­Bandung.­ dapat­berjalan­dengan­baik.­Maka­pembagian­peran­ Di­Desa­Sagara,­Kecamatan­Cibalong,­Kabu­ aten­ p masing­masing­ menjadi­ sebuah­ keharusan.­ Secara­ Garut, buruh­perkebunan­yang­menjadi­sasaran­pe­ umum,­ pembagian­ peran­ yang­ terjadi­ adalah:­ BPN­ lak­ anaan­ reforma­ agraria­ berhasil­ meningkatkan­ s berperan­dalam­proses­asset reform­(redistribusi­dan­ taraf­ hidupnya­ secara­ signifikan.­ Sebelum­ memiliki­ legalisasi­tanah),­ada­kalanya­swasta­juga­berperan­ tanah­ (kebun­ karet),­ mereka­ bekerja­ sebagai­ bu­ dalam­asset reform,­yakni­ketika­memberikan­tanah­ ruh­ perkebunan­ dengan­ upah­ per­ bulan­ sebesar­ mereka­untuk­diredistribusikan.­Pemerintah­Daerah­ 220.000­ rupiah.­ Setelah­ memperoleh­ tanah­ seluas­ dan­LSM­lebih­banyak­berperan­dalam­access reform, rata­rata­ 1­ hektar­ per­ kepala­ keluarga­ dan­ ta­ a­ n walaupun­ dalam­ lingkup­ kegiatan­ yang­ berbeda.­ m­ n­ karet,­ pendapatan­ mereka­ per­ bulan­ men­ a­ a c Pemerintah­Daerah­berperan­dalam­pemberian­mo­ pai­ 7.000.000­ rupiah.­ Tentunya,­ mereka­ dibekali­ dal­serta­peningkatan­kapasitas­dan­keahlian­dalam­ dengan­ ketrampilan­ dalam­ mengelola­ per­ ebunan­ k rangka­ membuka­ akses­ ekonomi­ bagi­ petani­ pe­ e­ n karet­ dan­ juga­ pemasarannya.­ Peme­ intah­ Daerah­ r rima­ tanah.­ LSM­ berperan­ da­ am­ pengorganisasian­ l dan­ Lembaga­ Swadaya­ Masyarakat­ bekerjasama­ dan­pe­ ingkatan­kapasitas­petani,­se­ ingga­mereka­ n h dalam­ pengorganisasian­ buruh­ dan­ peningkatan­ mampu­mengelola­modal­yang­akan­mereka­terima­ kemampuan­dan­ketrampilan­mereka.­ bersamaan­dengan­pemberian­tanah.­ Obviously, this involvement of multi-stakeholders In the village of Sagara, Cibalong, in Garut, we needs thorough coordination to ensure that reform is now can find field laborers beneficiaries of agrarian carried out well. Each party has their own well-defined reform who have improved the quality of their lives role. And so the National Land Agency, and in certain significantly. Before obtaining ownership of their rubber cases the private sector, take care of asset reform when plantation land, they had been workers earning monthly divvying out their land for redistribution. salaries of Rp 220,000 (just a little under USD 25). After Meanwhile, local governments and NGOs are more receiving rubber saplings and land to the amount of involved in access reform, though both holding differing one hectare per household, their income multiplied to roles. While the local administrations provide capital Rp 7,000,000 (almost USD 800) per month. They were and expertise to open up economic access to program also given trainings in plantation management and beneficiaries, NGOs help farmers to organize themselves marketing techniques. The local government and NGOs and assist in capacity building so that farmers can had worked closely together to organize these workers manage their assets and landholdings well once they to enhance their capacity and provide them with the have received them. Portraits of successful farmers and skills they needed. field laborers, beneficiaries of a combination of assets In Bandung regency, coordination and division of and access reforms being enacted in the form of provision stakeholder roles were key to the success of agrarian of land and capital (though not necessarily financial), reform in the village of Cipelah. Local Government and increased capacity organized by NGOs, can now be Departments, known as SKPD, defined each of their observed in the Bandung and Garut areas. roles and coordinated with other SKPDs, ensuring that12
  • SAPA NEWSLETTER, VOLUME 1, DECEMBER 2011 innovation Di­Kabupaten­Bandung,­koordinasi­dan­pem­ agian­ b Melalui­ program­ reforma­ agraria­ (asset reform)­peran­para­pihak­menjadi­kunci­keberhasilan­reforma­ sebanyak­200­KK­memperoleh­sertifikat­tanah­ru­ ah­ magraria­ di­ Desa­ Cipelah.­ Pembagian­ peran­ SKPD­ tinggal­mereka.­Selain­itu,­tanah­yang­diobyek­reforma­(Satuan­ Kerja­ Pemerintah­ Daerah)­ dan­ koordinasi­ agraria­ dialokasikan­ untuk­ pertanian­ dan­ pem­ a­ bantar­ SKPD­ berjalan­ dengan­ baik,­ sehingga­ tanah­ ngun­ n­fasiltias­umum.­Dengan­demikian,­tanah­yang­ aseluas­ 84,2­ hektar­ berhasil­ diredistribusi­ ke­ ada­ p sebelumnya­hanya­menjadi­lahan­tidur­dapat­diman­petani­penggarap­yang­sebelumnya­menggarap­tanah­ faatkan­untuk­menanggulangi­kemiskinan.yang­ dikuasai­ oleh­ PT­ Millenia­ Indonesia­Cibuni­ Jika­ berjalan­ dengan­ baik,­ reforma­ agraria­ yang­Estate.­ Beberapa­ SKPD­ yang­ terlibat­ dan­ bentuk­ memadukan­ antara­ asset reform dan access reformketerlibatannya­dapat­dilihat­dalam­tabel­berikut: dapat­menjadi­sebuah­alternatif­solusi­dalam­upa­ a­ y penanggulangan­ kemiskinan.­ Keberhasilan­ pe­ ak­ l sanaan­ reforma­ agraria­ membutuhkan­ keter­ i­ atan­ lb seluruh­pihak,­baik­Pemerintah­(Pusat­dan­Daerah),­ swasta,­ maupun­ LSM,­ dan­ tentunya­ masya­ akat­ r No SKPD Progam Kegiatan 1 BKP3 Desa­Mandiri­Pangan 2 Distanhutbun Penyediaan­bibit­budi­daya­tanaman yang­ menjadi­ sasaran­ program.­ Karena­ melibatkan­ 3 Diskoperindag Pelatihan­koperasi banyak­pihak,­maka­koordinasi­dan­sinergi­para­pihak­ 4 BPMPD Alokasi­Dana­Desa­(ADD) menjadi­sebuah­keharusan. 5 Dinas­SEDAPE Infrastruktur­Irigasi 6 Disnakan Penyediaan­bibit­ternak­domba/kelinci 7 Kepala­Desa Alokasi­Dana­Desa­84.2 hectares of land were successfully redistributed In this agrarian reform program, 200 householdsamong farmers formerly working on land managed by received certificates for their homes and land of abode.PT Millenia Indonesia-Cibuni Estate. SKPDs and their Land dedicated to the reform was allocated for farmingforms of involvement can be glanced at in the following and public amenities infrastructure. Thus, plots of landtable: formerly lying fallow are now being utilized to overcome poverty. SKPD (Local Govern- If all goes well, agrarian reform combining the con- No Program Activity ment Department) cepts of asset reform and access reform can be a solution 1 BKP3 Village Food Sovereignity in the effort to alleviate poverty. Success in this endeavor Forest, Farming and Provision of horticulture see- would need the involvement of all concerned, including 2 local and national government administrations, the Plantation Office dlings Cooperatives, Industri- private sector, NGOs, and of course the communities 3 Cooperatives training targeted in the programs. As a multi-stakeholder effort, es and Trade Office solid coordination and synergy among the parties should 4 BPMPD Village Fund Allocation (ADD) be an imperative. 5 Dinas SEDAPE Irrigation Infrastructure Animal Husbandry Of- Provision of sheep and rabbit 6 fice livestock starters 7 Village Head Village Fund Allocation 13
  • Stakeholder’s opinion SAPA NEWSLETTER, EDISI 1, DESEMBER 2011 S tersebut.­ Kegiatan­ reforma­ agraria­ di­ Jateng­ telah­ Dodi Kholid imron menampakkan­ hasil­ yang­ dapat­ mem­ erikan­ jalan­ b keluar­ dari­ permasalahan­ kemis­ inan­ yang­ ber­ k sumber­ pada­ ketiadaan­ aset.­ Di­ Cilacap,­ melalui­ pro­ es­ mediasi­ denganantara­ masyarakat­ dengan­ s (Kepala Kantor Wilayah Badan Pertanahan Nasional PT­ RSA,­ tanah­ seluas­ 284,12­ ha­ diredistribusikan­ Provinsi Jawa Tengah) ebagai­Kepala­Kantor­Wilayah­Badan­Perta­ ah­ n ke­ ada­ 5.141­ petani­ penggarap,­ di­ Desa­ Kauripan­ p ­ an­Nasional­Provinsi­Jawa­Tengah,­Bapak­Dodi­ Kec.­ Subah­ Kabupaten­ Batang,­ melalui­ mediasi,­ Kholid­ Imron­ banyak­ berkecimpung­ dalam­ konflik­ pertanahan­ dapat­ diselesaikan,­ dan­ tanah­ reforma­ agraria,­ terutama­ karena­ di­ Jawa­ Tengah­ seluas­ 32,72­ Ha­ berhasil­ diredistribusikan­ untuk­ masalah­kemiskinan­banyak­terkait­dengan­masalah­ kurang­lebih­144­petani­penggarap,­di­Desa­Trisobo­ kepemilikan­aset.­­Dari­4.840.798­KK­miskin­di­Jawa­ Ke­ amatan­Boja­Kabupaten­Kendal,­melalui­mediasi,­ c Tengah,­sebanyak­1,26­Juta­KK­tidak­memiliki­rumah.­ konflik­pertanahan­antara­masyarakat­dan­PT.­KAL,­ Keadaan­kemiskinan­yang­disebabkan­oleh­ketiada­ n­ a ­ dan­tanah­seluas­11,5­Ha­berhasil­diresdistribusikan­ kepemilikan­ asset­ tersebut­ mengakibatkan­ ter­ adi­ j untuk­kurang­lebih­500­petani. nya­sengketa­dan­konflik­pertanahan­yang­sis­ emik.­ t Selain­ dalam­ bentuk­ redistribusi­ tanah,­ refor­ Data­ Tahun­ 2011­ me­ ampakkan­ jumlah­ konflik,­ n ma­agraria­secara­utuh,­yang­merupakan­per­ aduan­ p sengketa­dan­perkara­di­Jawa­Tengah­mencapai­347­ antara­asset reform dan access reform­juga­telah­ber­ kasus,­dengan­detil­rincian:­konflik­sebanyak­5­kasus,­ hasil­ dilakukan.­ Kerjasama­ terbesar­ dalam­ rangka­ ­ seng­ eta­sebanyak­102­kasus,­dan­perkara­sebanyak­ k access reform dilakukanmelalui­ MOU­ antaraKanwil­ 240­kasus.­ BPN­dengan:­Pemprov.­Jawa­Tengah,­Bank­Indonesia,­ Permasalahan­ tersebutlah­ yang­ harus­ diha­ api­ d Diperindagkop,­Dinas­Peternakan,­Pemkab­Semarang,­ dan­dicarikan­jalan­keluarnya­oleh­Kanwil­Badan­Per­ PT.­SidoMuncul,­Bank­BRI,­Bank­Jateng,­PT.­Indolakto,­ tanahan­Nasional­Prov­Jateng­dibawah­kepe­ impinan­ m PT.­ Cimori,­ PT.­ Sari­ Husada,­ danPT.­ CitaNasional.­­ Bapak­ Dodi­ Kholid­ Imron.­ Reforma­ Agraria,­ yang­ Access reform­ tersebut­ diwujudkan­ dalam­ bentuk­ me­ upakan­ program­ Badan­ Pertanahan­ Nasional­ r ­ pengembangan­klaster­tanaman­obat­dan­sapi­perah/ men­ adi­jalan­keluar­yang­efektif­bagi­per­ asalahan­ j m sapi­potong.­ Dodi Kholid imron conflict, 102 cases of land disputes, and legal tussling amounting to 240 cases. (Head of Provincial National Land Agency, Province These cases had to be provided with solutions. of Central Java) Agrarian Reform, a program under the National Land Agency has been deemed as being the most effective A s the Central Java office Head of the National of these solutions. Agrarian Reform in Central Java has Land Agency, Dodi Kholid Imron is very familiar been most successful in the alleviation of poverty caused with agrarian reform issues, especially in light of by non-ownership of assets. In Cilacap, a process of the fact that in his region, much of the issues of poverty mediation between the community and PT RSA company are directly related to the matter of asset ownership. Of resulted in 284.12 hectares of land being redistributed 4,840,798 poor households in Central Java, 1.26 million to 5,141 landless farmers. In the village of Kauripan, of them do not own housing. Poverty as a result of non- Subah, in Batang, mediation resulted in 32.72 hectares ownership of assets has periodically caused systemic being redistributed to around 144 landless farmers. In conflicts and disputes over landholdings. In 2011, 347 the village of Trisobo, Boja, Kendal, mediation between dispute cases were recorded, covering: 5 cases of the community and PT KAL company resulted in 11.514
  • SAPA NEWSLETTER, VOLUME 1, DECEMBER 2011 Stakeholder’s opinion Menyadari­ pentingnya­ peran­ dan­ keterlibatan­ Alliance for Poverty Alleviation)­ untuk­ bersama­ba­ yak­ pihak­ selain­ pemerintah,­ Kantor­ Wilayah­ n sama­ mendorong­ partisipasi­ petani­ tidak­ bertanah­Badan­ Pertanahan­ Propinsi­ Jawa­ Tengah­ dibawah­ dalam­ pengambilan­ keputusan­ pelaksanaan­ pilotkepe­ im­ inan­ Bapak­ Dodi,­ bekerjasama­ dengan­ m p projectreforma­ agraria­ di­ Jawa­ Selatan.­ ­ Melalui­pihak­swasta­dan­lembaga­swadaya­masyarakat­yang­ kerjasama­ini,­diharapkan­reforma­agraria­di­Propinsi­peduli­dan­mem­ okuskan­kegiatannya­pada­isu­tanah.­ f ­ Jawa­Tengah­dapat­berjalan­semakin­baik,­sehingga­Oleh­ karena­ itu,­ Kantor­ Wilayah­ Badan­ Pertanahan­ petani­ yang­ miskin­ karena­ tidak­ memiliki­ tanah­Propinsi­ Jawa­ Tengah­ menyambut­ baik­ kerjasama­ semakin­berkurang,­dan­kesejahteraan­rakyat­sebagai­yang­ditawarkan­oleh­KPA­(Konsorsium­Pembaruan­ tujuan­akhir­dari­reforma­agraria­dapat­tercapai.Agraria)­melalui­kerangka­program­SAPA­(Strategichectares of land being redistributed to around 500 and cattle for meat products.farmers. Realizing the importance of having a multi-stake- Besides showing solid results in the form of holders approach including other parties beside govern-redistribution of land, comprehensive agrarian reform, ment agencies, the Land Agency of Central Java underwhich is a combination of asset reform and access Dodi worked in cooperation with the private sectorreform, has also been successfully implemented. The and NGOs committed to land issues. The Central Javabiggest joint-effort for access-reform was conducted office embraced wholeheartedly an intiative to workunder an MOU between the Head of the Land Agency closely with an Agrarian Reform Consortium (KPA) underand the Provincial Government of Central Java; Bank the SAPA Program. Participation for non-landholdingIndonesia; the Industries, Trade and Cooperatives farmers towards the right of self-determination andDepartment; Animal Husbandry Department; Regency decision making was the aim in an agrarian reform pilotGovernment of Semarang; PT Sidomuncul; Bank BRI; project in Southern Java. It was hoped that the joint-Bank Jateng; PT Indolakto; PT Cimori; PT Sari Husada effort would result in a decrease in the numbers of veryand PT Cita nasional. Access reform was created in the poor farmers, and that community prosperity could beform of cluster development for herbs and dairy cattle increased substantially. 15
  • Stakeholder’s opinion SAPA NEWSLETTER, EDISI 1, DESEMBER 2011 P Kinan bekerja­sebulan­setelah­melahirkan.­Agar­buruh­tidak­ memiliki­ daya­ (kemampuan)­ untuk­ meninggalkan­ perkebunan,­ mereka­ pun­ dibatasi­ haknya­ atas­ (Dewan Penasehat Paguyuban Petani Aryo Blitar kepemilikan­ ternak,­ untuk­ kambing­ tidak­ boleh­ (PPAB) & Presidium Paguyuban Warga Tani lebih­dari­2­ekor,­sedangkan­untuk­sapi­hanya­boleh­ Kulonbambang) 1­ekor.­­Anak­anak­mereka­yang­telah­menyelesaikan­ erjalanan­ hidup­ Bapak­ Kinan­ adalah­ sejarah­ SMP­ nya­ pun­ tidak­ diperbolehkan­ bekerja­ keluar­ perkebunan­Kulonbambang­dan­gerakan­buruh­ perkebunan.­ Bahkan­ pilihan­ politik­ pun­ dibatasi.­ ­ perkebunan­untuk­keluar­dari­eksploitasi­yang­ Tidak­ ada­ karyawan­ yang­ diperbolehkan­ memilih­ terjadi­di­perkebunan­tersebut.Eksploitasi­buruh­di­ selain­ memilih­ partai­ politik­ yangberkuasa­ pada­ perkebunan­Kulonbambang­terjadi­dengan­masuknya­ saat­itu.­­Sanksi­bagi­yang­memiliki­pilihan­berbeda­ PT­ Sawit­ Guni­ Kawi.­ Petani­ yang­ pada­ awalnya­ adalah­ pengusiran.­ ­ Maka­ pekerjaan­ sebagai­ buruh­ memiliki­ hak­ kepemilikan­ tanah­ di­ perkebunan­ perkebunan­adalah­pekerjaan­turun­temurun.­­ Kulonbambang,­ berbalik­ menjadi­ buruh­ karena­ Diskriminasi­ yang­ dialami­ terus­ menerus,­ serta­ kepemilikan­tanah­mereka­beralih­ke­PT­Sawit­Guni­ beban­ harus­ memikul­ anggapan­ bahwa­ menjadi­ Kawi.­ ­ Masa­ ini­ ditandai­ dengan­ rendahnya­ upah­ orang­ persil­ bodoh,­ miskin­ dan­ tidak­ berdaulat,­ yang­ diterima­ oleh­ buruh,­ dan­ berbagai­ bentuk­ menimbulkan­dorongan­dalam­diri­Bapak­Kinan­untuk­ diskriminasi­ lainnya.­ ­ Pada­ tahun­ 1999,­ upah­ yang­ mulai­memperjuangkan­hak­buruh­perkebunan­agar­ diterima­adalah­3500­rupiah­per­hari,­dengan­waktu­ mereka­dapat­menjadi­pemilik­tanah­yang­memiliki­ kerja­dari­pukul­06.00­hingga­pukul­14.00.­­Karyawan­ kedaulatan.­ ­ Perjuangan­ tersebut­ tidak­ mudah,­ perempuan­ yang­ hamil,­ tetap­ harus­ bekerja­ hingga­ tantangan­datang­tidak­hanya­dari­pihak­perkebunan,­ 2­ minggu­ sebelum­ waktu­ melahirkan,­ dan­ kembali­ tetapi­juga­dari­para­buruh­yang­merasa­takut.­ Kinan field laborer received a salary of Rp 3,500 a day, with (Member of Advisory Board Aryo Blitar Farmers working hours from 06.00 am to 2 pm. Pregnant female Club, member of Presidium of Kulonbambang Farming Club workers had to work til at least two weeks before the expected due date and were expected to return to work one month after giving birth. To disenfranchise K inan’s lifestory is the history of Kulonbambang the workers, the company limited the right to ownership Plantation and plantation worker movement of animals. One person could not own more than two to come out from the exploitation that occurs goats, and only one head of cattle. Their children who there. Exploitation on plantation workers started to take had reached middle school were not allowed to work place when PT Sawit Guni Kawi entered the picture. outside the plantation. If the offspring did dare to work The company began exploiting worker farmers. Farmers outside, the parents would be dismissed from the who were orginally landholders of their own estate in plantation. Even their political aspirations were stunted. Kulonbambang were turned into laborers to work the All worker farmers were to vote for the ruling party at land now held by the company. Wholesale exploitation the time. Sanction was swift and cruel: dismissal from was evident in the very low wages the workers received, the plantation. Work in the area then became a family besides many other forms of discrimination. In 1999, a affair, going down from parents to offsprings.16
  • SAPA NEWSLETTER, VOLUME 1, DECEMBER 2011 Stakeholder’s opinion Berbagai­cara­ditempuh­untuk­memperjuangkan­kedaulatan­ mereka­ melalui­ kepemilikan­ tanah,­mulai­ dari­ berunjuk­ rasa,­ menduduki­ kantor­ DPRD­dan­Kantor­Pemkab­Blitar,­hingga­menduduki­tanah­dengan­cara­menanam­jagung­dll­hingga­membangun­rumah­di­atasnya,­agar­tanah­tersebut­tidak­diambil­oleh­pihak­perkebunan.­Setelah­melalui­perjuangan­panjang,­akhirnya­DPRD­mengeluarkan­rekomendasi­bahwa­beberapa­persen­dari­tanah­sengketa­menjadi­milik­masyarakat.­Dan­akhirnya­melalui­sidang­landreform,­ diputuskan­ bahwa­ tanah­ tersebut­ menjadi­milik­masyarakat.­ Dari­cerita­perjalanan­hidup­Bapak­Kinan­dapat­ditarik­ benang­ merah­ bahwa­ kepemilikan­ tanah­penting­bagi­kaum­miskin­(yang­diwakili­oleh­buruh­ Pembaruan­Agraria)­yang­mendampingi­Bapak­Kinan­perkebunan)­ untuk­ keluar­ dari­ kemiskinan­ karena­ selama­memperjuangkan­hak­para­buruh.­­tanah­ membuat­ mereka­ berdaulat.­ ­ Walaupun­ hak­ Sebagai­salah­satu­pelaksana­program­SAPA­(Stra­tersebut­ membutuhkan­ perjuangan­ yang­ panjang,­ tegic Alliance for Poverty Alleviation),­KPA­me­ akukan­ ldengan­ kesolidan­ para­ buruh­ yang­ terorganisir,­ berbagai­ upaya­ untuk­ mendorong­ partisipasi­ orga­buah­ manislah­ yang­ mereka­ peroleh.­ ­ Seperti­ yang­ nisasi­organisasi­petani­dalam­pengambilan­kepu­ usan­ tdiceritakan­oleh­Bapak­Kinan,­apa­yang­mereka­raih­ dalam­rangka­pelaksanaan­reforma­agraria,­yang­salah­saat­ini,­tidak­terlepas­dari­peran­KPA­(Konsorsium­ satu­daerah­pendampingan­mereka­adalah­Blitar. The unfair practices and treatments of workers as if through a land reform hearing, the land was returnedthey were down and out, dumb beings with no dignity to the people.and sovereignity pushed a button in Kinan’s heart to fight Kinan’s story shows how important it is for the veryfor his and his friends’ rights to get their landholdings poor to have ownership of the land they work on inback. This of course was not an easy path, as Kinan did order for them to come out of poverty and regain theirnot only have to face the company, he had to negotiate human dignity. Even though their struggle was long andwith his frightened colleague workers. arduous, workers who organize themselves proved that The workers tried every avenue to take back their their struggles can be immensely worthwhile. Kinan hasland ownership. They picketed, organized sit down pointed out that they would not have won without thedemonstrations at the parliament hall and the Blitar support of the KPA who provided him with informationgovernment office. They planted corn instead of the on his rights thorugh every step of the struggle.required plants, and even went so far as to build As one of the SAPA implementors, KPA takes everyhouses on the plantation land to symbolize the original effort to push for participatory action by farmers in theownership. After much frustration, the local parliament agrarian reform decision making processes. This is highlyissued a recommendation that a certain percentage of evident in the fight taken up by the farmer workers ofthe land should be given back to the community. Finally, Blitar. 17
  • news from SaPa SAPA NEWSLETTER, EDISI 1, DESEMBER 2011 yang­disediakan­Resource Center­diantaranya:­i)­da­ S ta­ kemiskinan­ (pendidikan,­ kesehatan,­ penduduk,­ Launching Resource Center dll);­ii)­data­pengangguran­(pengangguran­terbuka,­ pekerja­formal­&­informal,­dll);­iii)­data­program­&­ Penanggulangan Kemiskinan ke­ ijakan­ penanggulangan­ kemiskinan­ (Nasional,­ b ­ di 15 Kabupaten/Kota lokasi Pro­ insi,­dan­Kabupaten/kota);­iv)­data­alokasi­ang­ p garan­penanggulangan­kemiskinan­(APBD,­Dana­De­ Program SaPa konsentrasi,­DDUB,­DAK);­v)­data­regulasi­&­kebijakan­ ebagai­salah­satu­wujud­kepedulian­dan­ko­ it­ m penanggulangan­kemiskinan­(Nasional,­Propinsi,­dan­ men­ Program­ SAPA­ terhadap­ upaya­ penang­ Ka­ upaten/Kota);­dan­vi)­hasil­penelitian­tentang­pe­ b gulang­ n­ kemiskinan­ di­ daerah,­ dibentuklah­ a nanggulangan­kemiskinan­di­daerah. Resource Center­ Penanggulangan­ Kemiskinan­ di­ Kelak­ Resource Center­ diharapkan­ dapat­ menja­ 15­ ka­ u­ aten/kota­ yang­ menjadi­ wilayah­ kerja­ b ­ p lan­ an­peran:­i)­mengumpulkan­data­&­Informasi­Ke­ k Program­ SAPA.­ ­ Setelah­ melalui­ tahapan­ persiapan­ mis­ inan­dari­dinas­atau­instansi­terkait;­ii)­menge­ k be­ upa­ penyediaan­ data­ kemiskinan­ yang­ menjadi­ r ­ lola­ database­ kemiskinan­ daerah;­ iii)­ menganalisis­ sa­ ah­satu­menu­yang­disajikan­dalam­Resource Cen­ l ­ kondisi­­kemiskinan­di­daerah;­iv)­mengkaji­kebijakan­ ter,­ maka­ dilakukanlah­ peresmiannya­ di­ kelima­ be­ dan­program­penanggulangan­kemiskinan­daerah;­v)­ las­ kabupaten/kota­ tersebut,­ yang­ ditandai­ de­ gan­ n memberikan­ bantuan­ teknis­ terhadap­ TKPKD­ dan­ penyerahan­ data­ kepada­ Resource Center­ yang­ ber­ SKPD­ dalam­ penyusunan­ kebijakan­ &­ program­ pe­ kedudukan­ di­ Sekretariat­ Tim­ Koordinasi­ Pe­ ang­ n ­ ­ nang­ ulangan­ kemiskinan;­ dan­ vi)­ sebagai­ wadah­ g gulangan­ Kemiskinan­ Daerah­ (TKPKD).­ Jenis­ data­ per­ ukaran­ informasi­ kemiskinan­ antar­ pemangku­ t ­ launching of Poverty (open unemployments, formal workforce, infomal alleviation resource centers workforce, etc); iii) data on poverty alleviation programs in SaPa’s 15 Best Practice and policies (at the national, provincial, and city/regency levels); iv) data on poverty allocation budgets (National cities/regencies Budget, Deconcentration Fund, DDUB, DAK); v) data on regulations and policies for poverty alleviation (at A s part and parcel of the SAPA Program’s com- the national, provincial and city/regency levels); and, mitment to take part in the effort to alleviate vi) research and studies on poverty alleviation efforts poverty in the regions, Poverty Alleviation in the regions. Centers have now been created in 15 Cities/Regencies It is hoped that the Resource Centers will eventually where SAPA Programs have been established. After take up the role to: i) collate data and information on going through preparation steps involving compilation Poverty from related government offices and agencies; of data on poverty, the fifteen Resource Centers were ii) manage a database on poverty in the regions; iii) inaugurated, marked by submission of the said data analyze poverty conditions in the areas; iv) examine to the Centers based in each Local Poverty Alleviation regional poverty alleviation policies and regulations; Coordination Team, known as the TKPKD. v) provide technical assistance to TKPKD and SKPD in The type of data available in each Resource Center formulating policies and programs to alleviate poverty; include: i) data on poverty (encompassing education, and vi) become an information exchange center for health, population, etc.); ii) data on unemployment poverty issues between stakeholders in the regions.18
  • SAPA NEWSLETTER, VOLUME 1, DECEMBER 2011 news from SaPake­ entingan­di­daerah. p 7. Resource Center­Kota­Banda­Aceh,­diresmikan­ Beberapa­ daerah­ yang­ saat­ ini­ telah­ memiliki­ pada­tanggal­8­Agustus­2011Resource Center­ yang­ peresmiannya­ dilakukan­ oleh­ 8. Resource Center Kab.­Gunung­Kidul,­diresmikan­Deputi­ Bidang­ Koordinasi­ Penanggulangan­ Ke­ is­ m pada­tanggal­25­Agustus­2011kinan­Kementrian­Koordinator­Bidang­ Ke­ e­ ahtera­ s j 9. Resource Center Kab.Jembrana,­diresmikan­pada­an­ Rakyat­ (atau­ yang­ mewakili)­ sebagai­ salah­ satu­ tanggal­12­September­2011stake­ older­sekaligus­penggagas­Program­SAPA,­di­ h ­ 10. Resource Center­Kota­Kupang,­diresmikan­pada­antaranya: tanggal­21­September­2011 11. Resource Center Kab.Kebumen,­diresmikan­pada­1. Resource Center Kab.­Lombok­Tengah,­ tanggal­24­September­2011 diresmikan­pada­tanggal­13­Juli­2011 12. Resource Center­Kota­Tasikmalaya,­diresmikan­2. Resource Center Kab.­Serdang­Bedagai,­ pada­tanggal­6­Oktober­2011 diresmikan­pada­tanggal­15­Juli­2011 13. Resource Center Kabupaten­Garut,­yang­3. Resource Center Kab.Sukabumi,­diresmikan­ diresmikan­pada­tanggal­24­November­2011 pada­tanggal­18­Juli­20114. Resource Center Kab.Subang,­diresmikan­pada­ Dua­ daerah­ yang­ Resource Center­nya­ belum­ tanggal­21­Juli­2011 diresmikan­adalah­Kabupaten­Bandung­dan­Ciamis.­ ­5. Resource Center­Kota­Surakarta,­diresmikan­ Peluncuran­ Resource Center­ kedua­ daerah­ tersebut­ pada­tanggal­28­Juli­2011 akan­ dilakukan­ pada­ akhir­ bulan­ Desember­ 2011,­6. Resource Center­Kota­Makasar,­diresmikan­pada­ sehingga­pada­akhir­tahun­ini­seluruh­lokasi­program­ tanggal­29­Juli­2011 SAPA­telah­memiliki­Resource Center.­ Areas that now have Resource Centers officiated by 8. The Gunung Kidul Regency Resource Center,the Deputy for Coordination of Poverty Alleviation under inaugurated on August 25, 2011the Coordinating Ministry for Social Welfare, as one of 9. The Jembrana Regency Resource Center, inauguratedthe stakeholders and initiators of the SAPA Programs, on September 12, 2011now include among others: 10. The Kupang Resource Center, inaugurated on September 21, 20111. The Central Lombok Regency Resource Center, 11. The Kebumen Regency Resource Center, inaugurated inaugurated on July 13, 2011 on September 24, 20112. The Serdang Bedagai Regency Resource Center, 12. The Tasikmalaya Resource Center, inaugurated on inaugurated July 15, 2011 October 6, 20113. The Sukabumi Regency Resource Center, inaugurated 13. The Garut Regency Resource Center, inaugurated on on July 18, 2011 November 24, 20114. The Subang Regency Resource Center, inaugurated on July 21, 2011 The two remaining areas that have not yet had their5. The Surakarta Resource Center, inaugurated on July Resource Centers inaugurated are Bandung and Ciamis 28, 2011 Regencies. Officiation of these two Resource Centers are6. The Makasar Resource Center, inaugurated on July scheduled to take place this December, so that by year’s 29, 2011 end, all the locales where the SAPA Program operates7. The Banda Aceh Resource Center, inaugurated on will have their own resource centers. August 8, 2011 19
  • news from SaPa SAPA NEWSLETTER, EDISI 1, DESEMBER 2011 Bapak­Sujana­Royat­(Deputi­Bidang­Koordinasi­Penanggulanan­Kemiskinan­dan­Pemberdayaan­Masyarakat­ Kemenko­Kesra)­meresmikan­RC­Kab.Subang. Bapak­Hadi­Santoso­(Asisten­Deputi­Bidang­Pengarusutamaan­Kebijakan­dan­Penganggaran,­Kemenko­Kesra)­ dan­Bapak­Dicky­Chandra­(Wakil­Bupati­Garut­yang­juga­Ketua­TKPKD­Kab.Garut)­meresmikan­RC­Kab.­Garut.20