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ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)
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ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)

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ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)

ဂ်ီေဟာသူ (မစႏၵာ)

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  • 1. *sDa[mol*sDa[mol*sDa[mol*sDa[mol rpErpErpErpE´m´m´m´m
  • 2. rpE´m 1 (1) ]tm&f tdkifwDrSm wpfaqmifwnf; &SdwJh *sDaymmausmif;awmfol? yHkrvmygw,f? wdk hrsm;rkef;wJh0g'ifjuD;eJ hwl} ]tpfudkajymjyr,f tdk acsmeSr&,f? wu,fyJem;axmifuG,f? pdwful;rvGJeJ hwpfudk,fwnf;yJuG,f tysdKjuD; vkyfawmhuG,f} cifcsdKwdk hpufrSKwuúodkvfwGif ausmif;om;aqmifrsm;udk at-1mD-pDwyfíac:onf/pkpkaygif; ajcmufaqmif&Sdonf/owårajrmufaqmifonfum; rdef;uav;aqmifjzpfí ]Owå&aqmif}ymk trnfay;xm; / odk h aomfvnf; eHygwfpOft& ]G} jzpfaom taqmifrdk h *sDaymm ymk tac:rsm;avonf/ 1m,folu1m,fvdkpvdkufonfudkawmhtaotcsmrod&acs/pufrSKausmif;om;rsm;onf *sDaymmolrsm; udk txufygtwkdif; axmrem jyKjuonfum; trSefyif/ *sDaymmudk yrmcdkif;&vSsif vGifwD;acgifwGif aqmifxm;aom taqmuftOD;juD;eSifh wlonfymk ajym& ayrnf/ opfyif 0g;yif pdkpdkjynfjynf tkyftkyfqkdif;qkdif; 1mmrSs r&Sdacs/ usJaeatmif ylaom ae'Pfudk vnf;aumif;? onf;aeatmif &Gmaom rdk;'Pfudkvnf;aumif;? wzGJzGJ usaeaom eSif;'Pfudkvnf;aumif; txD;wnf;juHhjuHh cH&&Smavonf/ taqmifapmifh OD;pHnGef hvufxufu pdkufoGm;aom taqmift0if0 &Sd ydawmufyifysdKav; eSpfyifrSmum; tawmftwefyif juD;xGm;aejyD jzpfavonf/ tazmfuif;pGm txD;usef &yfwnfaeaom taqmifjuD;twGuf 1m0c&D;azmfav;eSpfOD;ymk cifcsdKu uAsmqefqef awG;rdavonf/ ]ae&mwum tawG; racgifprf;ygeJ hcifcsdK&,f? taqmifu taqmifyJaygh? ydawmufyifu ydawmufyif yJaygh? touf&SdwmawGrS rymkwfwm? txD;usefawG tazmfawG pOf;pm;raeprf;eJ h} rrcifu cyfaigufaigufuav; ajymavh&Sdonf/ rrcifonf cifwdk htkyfpkwGif vljuD; tqefqHk; jzpfonf/ ol hudk 1m,folurS q&mrwifaomfvnf; ol hoa1mmeSifhol ol h udk,fol rJay;jyD; jydKif1mufr&Sd Akdvfwufvkyfaeavonf/ pdwful;,OfvGef;aom cifcsdKudkvnf; qlonf/ uav;qefaom axG;axG;udk vnf; aigufonf/ tpm;juD;jyD; ajumufwwfaom rd udkvnf; oa1mmrawG h/ jrifjriforSs &,fp&m vkyfjyD; 1m&kwfusavh &Sdaom a0a0eSifharmfarmfudkvnf; rajueyf/ apwemt&if;cHjyD; qlylavh &Sdonfrdk h cifcsdKwdk h tm;vHk; rekdifí onf;cHjcif;ymlaom cEÅDp w&m;udk vufudkifxm;jyD; rrcifudk a1m;rJhay;xm; ju&avonf/ rSwfrdygao;onf/ wpfcgu cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; a&Twd*Hk1mk&m; wufjzpfjuavonf/ 1mk&m;toGm;
  • 3. *sDa[mol 2 1mwfpfum;ay:twufwGif zdeyfwpfzuf uGswfusef&pfaom rdarmfudk &Syfjymjym vkyf&aumif;vm;ymk rrcifu qlawmhonf/ zdeyfwpfzufwnf;udk qufpD;xm;& aumif;edk;? cGswfjyD; vTwfypfvdkuf& aumif;ekd; eSifh armfarmfcrsm pdwf&SKyfae&onfhtxJ rrcif qlorSs awayjyD; cH&&Smavonf/ a&Twd*Hk1mk&m; qkawmif;jynhfapwDodk ha&mufaomtcg oajyyef;rsm; wayG hwydkufvSLjyD; ]þoajyyef;rsm; vSL&aom tusdK;aus;Zl;ajumifh rrcifonf a,musfm;qkd;qkd;eSifh &jyD; tekdifcH&ygap1mk&m;} ymk atmfjuD;ympfus,f qkawmif;avawmhonf/ jumjzLjumeDrsm;eSifh 1mk&m;udk jidrfjidrfoufouf tm&HkjyKum edAÁmefqkyefaeaom rrcifonf rsufvHk;juD; jyJceJ yGifhvmjyD; tvef hwjum; xckefavawmhonf/ armfarmfcrsmvnf; 1mk&m;udkrS jyD;atmif OD;rcsekdif/ ]cPaeygOD; 1mk&m;? jyD;rS quf&Sdcdk;ygr,f 1mk&m;} ymk avSsmufwifum oajyyef;rsm; ayG hum tl,m;zm;,m; xajy;onf/ cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; 1mk&m;&Sdcdk;udk jyD;atmif rqdkedkif1mJ olwdk h eSpfOD;udkjunfhum tlematmif &,fju&avonf/ armfarmfu tpoefonf/ rrcifu a'guefonf/ vltrsm;jum;xJwGif rrcifwpfa,muf Zkd;ceJ ZwfceJ vSrf;í acgufrnf rymkwfonfudk odojzifh y0gwpfurf; vufwpfvSrf; avmufrSaejyD; armfarmfuvnf; rcHcsifatmif trsdK;rsdK; pavonf/ aemufqHk; rrcifudk,fwkdif raeedkif1mJ &,f&avawmhonf/ ]ausmif;om;1m0ymm aysmfp&m taumif;qHk;yJwJh? vlwdkif;ajymjuw,f? pmusuf&w,f? *Pef;wGuf&w,f? ajcmufem&D xdk;&if taqmifxJrSm tydwfcH&w,f? q&mawGudk ajumufae&w,f? uJ 1m,frSmvJ aysmfp&m? 'Djum;xJ rrcifudk ajumuf&ao;} pmusuf&rSmudk ysif;vGef;aom rd0gudkrl rrcif redkifay/ rrcif qlvGef;vSSsif tcef;xJwGif ajczsm; axmifí avSsmuf&if; ymdkarmh onfarmheSifh aysmfp&mudk &SmrawG hoa,mif vkyfwwfavonf/ atmufqHk; xyfu auoDwdk htcef;wGif pum;0kdif;zGJ haeonfudk awG hí rrcifqlvSsiftv,fxyfwufvmjyD; ckwif ay:wGif yufvufvSefum pmtkyfuav;udk rsufeSmay:wif&if; tdyfygavawmhonf/ ol hudkar;vSsif usufjyD;om;pmrsm;udk pdwfxJwif jyefí qkdjunfhaewmygymk ajzavh&Sdonf/ ]tjymuav;vJ ZdrfyJ? tjzLuav;vJ ZdrfyJ? a1mmif;1mDav;u arsmufuav;? 1m,fnm 1m,fnm ymkwfjyD? 1m,f1m,f 1m,f1m,f nm} taqmiftay:qHk;xyfrSaejyD; taqmifa&S hjzwfavSsmufaom ausmif;om;rsm;udk ajcvSrf;trSm;rSm; eSifh okwfajcwifay;atmif aemufavh&Sdaom axG;axG;crsmrSmrl rrcif acguforSs acgif;ylatmif cH&&Smav onf/ ]axG;axG; ausmif;a&mufcgpu acgif;ao;ao;av;&,f? 'Da&mufrS rrcif cPcP acgufwmeJ h zl;a,mifjyD; axG;axG;acgif; juD;vmwm? rrcif rw&m;1ml;} a0a0u rausreyf ajymwwfonf/ a0a0h tqdkt&rl ol hyg;eSpfzufrSmvnf; rrcif qGJvdrfvGef; aomajumifh wpfae hwpfjcm; azmif;vmjcif; jzpfonfymk qdkonf/ jzLazG;aom a0ha0h yg;pHk hav;eSpfzuf azmif;jynfhaeonfuvnf; trSefyif/ ]ymJh rda0a0&J h? apwemeJ hauGs;&if aoaq;awmif pm;&owJh? igu eifwkd hwawGudk aumif;apcsif vGef;vdk h? rdef;ryDoapcsifvGef;vdk h qHk;rwmudk? apwemudk a0'em xifaeovm;} rrcifu a'gjuD;armjuD;eSifh ajymaomtcgwGifrl a0a0onf &,fusJusJeSifh okwfajcwifav awmhonf/ rrcifudk qufajymaeyguvnf; rqHk;edkifatmifqlawmhrnfrdk ha&Smifajy;jcif; jzpfavonf/ wpfenf;awmhaumif;onf/ cifcsdKwkd htm;vHk;udk rrcifonf apwemh0ef;xrf; qHk;ryJhjyifaeonfrdk hqkd;csif
  • 4. rpE´m 3 wdkif; rqkd;&? awcsifwdkif; rawju&ay/ rauseyfcsifaomfvnf; taumif;1mufrS awG;jyD; auseyfju&av onf/ rrcifom xdef;raevSsif cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; ol henf;eSifhol qkd;rnfhawrnfh oluav;rsm;om jzpf/ pmar;yGJeD;cgrS taru,fyg? t1mu,fygeSifh pmudk zifaxmifatmif usufwwfolrsm;? wpfcgwpf&Hvnf; eHeufvif;tm;juD;txd avuefwwfjuolrsm;? tpm;pm;vSsifyif pm;ydk;eifhjyD; wtifhtifh jzpfwwfolrsm;udk rrcifwpfa,mufom pdwf&Snfvuf&Snf apmifhjunfhjyD; ajymekdifqdkekdifayonf/ ol hyg&rD uvnf;rao;i,f vS ay/ ]ighrSmom armifawG tpfudkawG &Sd&if eifwdk hudkawmh r,lap&1ml;? tymkwfajymwm} wpfcgwpf&Hawmhvnf; pdwfnpfvmovdk ajymwwfonf/ rrcif pdwfnpfovdk cifcsdKwkd hyHkpHrsm;udk junfhí pdwfnpfol tawmfrsm;ymef wlavonf/ xkd h ajumifh oHcsyfxJüyif xnfhí pyfqdkcJhao;onf/ ]*sDaymmoludk rvkdcsifAD,uferfyif oGm;vdkufcsifao;} wJhav/ * * *
  • 5. *sDa[mol 4 (2) ]rauseyf1ml; cifcsdK&,f? t0g enf;enf;rS rauseyf1ml;} ]1mmudkvJ} ]tm;vHk;udkaygh? t0gwkd htaqmifudk eSdrfaejuwJh vlwdkif;udkayhg} t0gonf cifcsdKwkd htcef;xJodk hajcvSrf;usJusJeSifh vSrf;0ifvm&if; ajymavonf/ cifcsdKvnf; wGuf vufpocFsmykpämudkcsxm;vdkuf&if;t0ghudktxl;tqef; junfhrdonf/t0gwpfckckawmh jzpfvmjyD xifonf/ ]t0g 1mmjzpfvmwmvJ} ]tdk rcHcsifvdk hyg} ]1mmudk rcHcsifwmvJ} ]tvum; iemawG? t0gwkd htqmifu ausmif;olawGudk rvS1ml;wJh? rvS&if 1mmvdk h &nf;pm;pm awG atmwkdufatmif ay;aejuao;vJ? wpfae hwpfae holwkd hwawGyJ tm;tm;,m;,m; pmawG a&;edkif w,f? xnfhxnfhekdifw,f? ydk; rpGHawmh tvum; yHkrvmyg1ml;qdkjyD; vufcgw,f? ymGef; aumif;ovm;} t0gonf yg;eSpfzufudk azmif;aeatmif plum rausreyf ajymaeavonf/ rJhvdkuf &GJ h vdkufeSifh tacsmufwkduf a'gojuD;aeonf/ cifcsdKu junfh&if; &,frdaomtcg pum;ajym&yfjyD; cifcsdK hudkyg j*dKymfjunfh junfhaeavonf/ ]'grsm; pdwfqkd;p&mvm; t0g&,f? olwkd hymm olwkd hajymcsif&m ajymjuapaygh} ]tdk olwkd hajymcsif&m ajymwkdif; cH&rSmwJhvm;} ]uJ rcHvdk h1mmvkyfcsifovJ} ]ymGef; &dkufypfcsifw,f? wu,f} jyHK;usJusJ vkyfaeaom cifcsdK ykcHk;eSpfzufudk udkifvSKyf&if; rajurcsrf; ajymonf/ wpfaqmif vHk;udk ajymonfhtxJwGif r0gonf wpfa,mufwnf; 'dkifcHjyD; pdwfqkd;aeavonf/ cifcsdKu oleSifh twl vdkufjyD; pdwfrqdk;ojzifhvnf; auseyfekdifymef r&acs/ pufrSKausmif;om;rsm;eSifh *sDaymmolwkd h&efyGJonf *smat; ol htar&dkufovdk csmvnfvdkuf aeavonf/ *sDaymmolrsm; tvSrjyifjuonfrSmvnf; wu,fyif/ oeyfcg;a&usJvdrf;jyD; ausmif;wufju olrsm;rdk hausmif;roGm;rD tvSjyifcsdef ig;rdepfcef h &vSsif vHkavmufjuavonf/
  • 6. rpE´m 5 wpf&mvSsif wpfa,mufavmufom a&arT;oHk;wwfjuonf xif/ ,cif ae hausmif;ol 1m0u eSKwfcrf;eD rdwfuyfoHk;avh&Sdaom cifcsdKyif *sDaymmaqmifa&mufvmaomtcgoeyfcg;a&juJtkyfpkwGif yg0if oGm; avonf/ cifcsdK &ufAvGef eSKwfcrf;eD1ml;av;rsm; rSdKyifwufvk aejyD xifonf/ &dk;&dk;0wf? &dk;&dk;qifwwfjuaom olrsm;onf aumif;aumif;0wf? aumif;aumif;jyifwwfjuolrsm;eSifh ,SOfaomtcg rvS1ml;ymkom tajymcH&rnfrSm udk;q,fhudk;&mcdkifeSKef; usdef;aoaeavonf/ rdef;uav;wdk h tvStyyml onfrSm t0wftpm; tqiftjyifwGif trsm;qHk; rlwnfaeonfudk t0godoifhayonf/ ]olvJav avmuDom;ayrdk htvSruf&Smayvdrfhr,f} ymk cifcsdKu ajymvSsif r0gvufcHrnf rymkwf acs/ tvStyudk rnfonfhpHcsdefeSifh rnfuJhokd hwkdif;wmqHk;jzwfrnfenf;ymk ar;OD;rnfom jzpf/ xkdodk h ar;vmvSsif cifcsdKrnfuJhodk h&Sif;&rnf rodacs/ tvSty &SmyHkawmf zGifhjyD; a&S;oa&mtcgu p&awmhrnf xifonf/ ]ymif; wu,f tjrifuwfp&m aumif;wm] ]ajomf r0g&,f} &,fp&mvnf; aumif;vSygonf/ r0g tygt0if cifcsdKwdk h*sDaymmoltm;vHk;onf ausmif;om; rsm;u ]yHkrvm1ml;} ymk ajymvSsif enf;enf;rS rcHcsifjuay/ rdef;uav;wdk h o1mm0rdk h1m,folrSvnf; cHcsif rnfrymkwfacs/ rcHcsifrSef;odíajymolu ydkajymonf/ ajymaomajumifhvnf;rcHcsif/ odk haomfvnf; olwdk h onf oeyfcg;a&juJudk vdrf;jrJvdrf;juavonf/ qHyifudkvnf; uspfqHjrD; wpfacsmif;wnf; tuspfrsm; juavonf/ xrDwapmif;0wfjyD; ausmif;wufcsdefeD;rS ausmif;odk h wufokwf&kduf ajy;juav onf/ wpfcgwpf&H rsufcHk;arG;ay:rS oeyfcg;acsmufudkyif jcpfrypftm;/ wpfrsufeSmvHk; tarT;eH homr&Sd 1mJ rsufcHk;arG;ay:wGif tpkvdkuf tyHkvdkuf oeyfcg;rsm; cJapaom *sDaymmolwkd htvStytm; &SmrawG h oludk rnfuJhodk h tjypfwif&rnfenf;/ ]r0g 1mmjzpfaewmvJ} ]a'guefaewm} ]uJ q,fheSpf&moD 'efaumwJh ra'guef? vufzufpm;juGygwJh? vm cifcsdK a0a0wkd htcef;rSm vufzufawG okwfxm;w,f} a0a0onf tcef;0rS acgif;uav; jyLum vmac:onf/ a0a0hpum;qdkvSsif cifcsdKwkd h aumif;pGm r,Hkay/ tpoef taemufoefvSojzifh ol hpum;udk ,Hkrdwkdif; wpfenf;rymkwf wpfenf;awmh t&l;jzpfju& onfrdk htawmfvef hju&onf/ ]cifcsdK&,f? a0a0 wu,fajymwmyg/ vufzufawG wu,f trsm;juD; okwfxm;wmyg? vufzuf xJrSmvJ ayG;udkif;eJ huecdkrxnfhxm;yg1ml;} a0a0u rsufeSmi,fav;eSifh ajymaomtcg cifcsdK&,frdawmhonf/ tpoefvGef;vSawmh taumif; ajym onfudkyif trsm;u aumif;pGm r,Hkjunfojzifh tcufawG haeyHk&onf/ ]a0a0aemf eif wu,fajymwmvm;} ]tymkwfajymwmyg r0g&,f? 1mk&m;pl;&ap&J h? 'o*D&deJ hnm;&ap&J h} ]wu,faemf}
  • 7. *sDa[mol 6 r0gonf r,Hkovdk xyfar;onf/ r,Hkvnf;r,Hkp&myif/ a0a0eSifharmfarmfwdk hyl;aygif;jyD; acsmufcs orSsudk cifcsdKwkd hr0gwdk htm;vHk;rjumcP vdrfhaeatmif cHju&onf/ jyD;cJhaom aEGuyif 0rf;wGif;&l; a':at;vSeSifh vSnfhwkdufay;ojzifh cifcsdKwdk htoufvkjyD; ajy;cJhju&ao;onf/ ]uJ uJ 'Davmuf jzpfae&ifvJ rvmeJ h? rpm;eJ h? tukefawmif oufomao;w,f} a0a0onf pdwfnpfvmovdk vSnfhxGufoGm;awmhonf/ xkdtcgusrSyif r0geSifh cifcsdKvnf; tawmf twef ,Hkjunfvmonf/ 1m,fewfaumif;ewfjrwfu rnfuJhodk h pdwfaumif;pdwfjrwfrsm;udk ay;tyfcJhav onfrod/ a0a0onf wu,fhudk apwem t&if;cHeSifh vufzufokwfpm;&ef vmac:jcif; jzpfymefwlonf/ ]usm;om;rdk;judk; cifcsdKa&? a0a0 wu,fajymwm xifw,f? vm vm awmfjum; ukefoGm;&if 'ku©} ,ckrS vufzufeH h ykpGefajcmufeH hudk &vmonfrdk hr0gonf uref;uwef; vdkuf&ef ymefjyifonf/ ]'Dae h1mmae hvJ rSwfxm;OD;rS? a0a0 pdwfaumif;0ifwJhae h? wu,fhudk xl;jcm;wJhae h} cifcsdKonf tajy;vSrf;&if; ajymrdonf/ trSefwu,fyif xkdae hxdk&uf a0a0wkd h pdwfaumif;0ifcJh avonf/ a0a0wdk hvufzuf0dkif;wGif vlpHkwufpHk pkrdjuavonf/ xkdrSpí jyóem pcJhjcif; jzpfonf/ udk&ifarmifeSifh rndKaxG;wdk h jyóemonf a0a0wkd hvufzuf0dkif;rS pwifcJhavonf/ * * *
  • 8. rpE´m 7 (3) a,musfm;av;rsm; pkrdvSsif rdef;uav;tajumif;udk trsm;qHk; ajymjuonfymk qdkonf/ wu,f ymkwfrymkwfawmh cifcsdKvnf; a,musfm; rymkwfí taotcsm rodacs/ rdef;uav;rsm; pkrdvSsif a,musfm;av;tajumif;ajymjuonfum; trSefyif/ a,musfm;awGaumif;ajumif;? qdk;ajumif; tusifhp&dkuf rsm;udkOD;wnfjyD;ajymrdjuonf/ xkdae huvnf; vufzuf0dkif;wGif *sDaymmolrsm;udk eSdrfaomausmif;om;rsm; tajumif;udk pum;OD;wnfrdjuavonf/ ]trSefawmh pdwfqdk;p&m rymkwf1ml;? rdef;uav;awG&J htvS? tdkav vlom;awG&J h tvSppf tvSrSefymm &ifxJrSm eSvHk;om;rSm &Sdw,fqdkwm rjrif1mJ rdwfuyf? eSKwfcrf;eDeJ hqHyif *kwf0JawGudk rufjyD; ta&jym;wpfaxmufudkom junfhwwf jrifwwfwJh olwdk hawGymm oem;p&mawmif aumif;ao;w,f} rdonf vufzufokwfudk wjrHK hjrHK hpm;&if; t1md"r®mqefqef ajymonf/ rdpum;udk cifcsdK oa1mm usrdaomfvnf; r0gurl auseyfyHkr&acs/ ]tdk t0gawmh rauseyf1ml;? olwkd h&kyfawGua&m tif*sifeD,mausmif;om;&,fvdk husm;usm;,m;,m; &Sdvdk hvm;? ykwJholu yk? ydefwJholu ydef? 0wJhvlawGuvJ pnfydkif;vm;atmufarh&w,f? ykuGydefacsmufawG} ]ymJh r0g&J h? eifuvJ ta&jym;tvSudk junfhjyefjyDvm;} ]junfhwmaygh? wlnDaom rsufpdeJ hyJ jyefjunfh&w,f? 'grS w&m;rSm} r0gonf tvum;ae&if; a'gojuD;vSavonf/ cifcsdKurl r0gudkjunfh&if; &,fcsifaeonf/ *sDaymmoltm;vHk; udk,fpm;olu 'dkifcHpdwfqdk;aeavawmh cifcsdKwdk h pdwfqkd;zdk h&efyif rvdkawmh acs/ r0g wpfa,mufwnf;eSifh vHkavmufovdk jzpfaeavonf/ ]tr,fav; tJ'D ykuG ydefacsmufawGu tjyifrSm aps;aumif;w,fuGJ h} ]'gajumifhvJ ol henf;eJ hol 1m0ifudkufjuwm xifyg&J haemf} xkdae hu cifcsdK em;axmiform; oufouf jzpfavonf/ vufzufokwfu tpyfwnfhvSojzifh vufzufudkom wGifwGif rJjyD; pm;rdonf/ olwdk hajymaeaom tajumif;t&mrsm;xuf vufzufudk ydkjyD; pdwf0ifpm;rdonfqdku rSm;rnf rymkwfacs/ ]aym; 1mmawG pm;aejuwmvJ? 'Dvdkrsm;usawmh 'dk hudk owdr&1ml;aygh? aymm'Du tacsmtvS av;udk owdr&ju1ml;ayghav w,faumif;}
  • 9. *sDa[mol 8 ndKaxG;onf 1m,fu 1m,fvdk teH h&vmonf rod/ tcef;wGif;odk hjAKef;'dkif;eSifh ajy;0ifvm&if; ajymonf/ cifcsdK ha1m;wGif tuste wifyvifacGjyD; xdkifvdkufum vufzuf yef;uefudk ol h1mufqGJ,l vdkufavonf/ ]ajomf ndKaxG;&,f ajrmufavudk owif;pum;yg;vkdufygw,f? aveJ twl teH hcH&if; ndKaxG; a&mufvmwmyJ rymkwfvm;} em;yg;onf ? rsufpdaumif;onf? vSsmyg;onfymk ajymavh&Sdjuonf/ ndKaxG;url eSmacgif;yg; onfymk ajym&rnf xifonf/ trJvdkufacG;yif vdkufí rrDatmif teH hcHaumif; vSonf/ 1mmteH hjzpfjzpf cifcsdKwdk hr&rD olu t&if&wwfonf/ ]1mmawG ajymaejuwmvJ qufajymav? ndKaxG;vJ em;axmifr,f} vufzufudk av;ig;vkyf qufwkdufpm;jyD;aomtcgrS &yfoGm;aom pum;0dkif;udk owdxm;rdovdk ajymonf/ ol hudk 0dkif;junfhaejuonfudk awG haomtcg &SufoGm;ovdk ZGef;udk ypfcs&if; ymufymuf yufyuf &,favonf/ ndKaxG;&,fvSsif yg;csdKifhav; eSpfzufrSm cGuf0ifjyD; xif&Sm;vmonf/ ]r0gu *sDaymmolawGudk eSdrfwJh ausmif;om;awGudk pGJcsufwifaeav&J h? olom tmPmydkifjzpf&if tJ'D ausmif;om;awGawmh rvG,f1ml;} ]1mmjzpfvdk hvJ} ]ausmwpf&m &ifwpf&m judrf'PfcwfjyD; jrdKif&yfudk eSifvdrfhr,f xifw,f} ]tdk enf;ao;wmaygh? tukefvHk;udk tvkyf&HkxJydk h? judk;wkwfjyD; zpfwif;a&Smhyf xJu vT0dkif;juD;eJ h vnfyif; jzwfypfr,f? uJ rSwfua&m} ]tkd 1mk&m; 1mk&m;} r0ga'gojuD;onfudkjunfh&if;cifcsdKwkd htm;vHk;w0g;0g; &,faejuonf/ yg;eSpfzufudk azmif;ae atmif pl&if; ymkwfwma&m rymkwfwma&m? ajymcsifwmawG avSsmufajymwwfavonf/ ol ajymcsifwmawG ajymjyD; &ifxJrSm a'gojidrf;oGm;wwfonf/ &ifxJwGif judwfjrHKxm;avhr&Sd1mJ tm;vHk; tHxkwfavh&Sdonf uawmh ol htwGuf pdwfcsrf;omp&m tusifhaumif;uav;yif jzpfonf/ xkd hajumifhvnf; ol h&ifxJwGif 1mmtusdwftcJrS r&Sd1mJ &Sif;aeavonf/ ]tJ'DxJrSm udk&ifarmifqkdwJhvlu omwHk;ao;w,f? olvJ 1mmrS rajymwwf 1mmrSvJrod? olrsm;awG eSdrforSs em;axmifjyD; wymJymJeJ h&,faew,f} ]1m,f udk&ifarmifvJ? ymkd tom;ndKndK t&yfjrifhjrifheJ hvlvm;} ]at;av ausmif;ajy;ckefypfwkef;uawmif ygao;w,fav} ]ymkdk ymdk a&S hqHk;u ajy;vmjyD; vrf;wpf0ufavmufusrS arSmuf&ufjuD; vJwJhvlvm;} ]tif;aygh olyJaygh} ]ajomf tJ'Dvlvm;}
  • 10. rpE´m 9 ndKaxG;u acgif;uav; wndrfhndrfheSifh ajymonf/ xdkpOfu cifcsdKeSifh ndKaxG;twlyif a&S h qHk;wef; rSxdkifjunfhaejuonfudk rSwfrdonf/ aoewfazmufuwnf;u udk&ifarmifonf ajcvSrf;usJjuD;eSifh pajy;av onf/ cifcsKdwkd hXmeu udkjrifhaxG;u 'kwd,yif vdkufedkifonf/ ]'DAdsKif;rnf;juD;uvJ ajy;yJ ajy;ekdifvGef;} ymk cifcsdKpdwfxJrSmyif jiLplrdao;onf/ vrf;wpf0ufavmuf a&mufaomtcg 1m,fu 1m,fvdkjzpfonf rod? ajcacguffoGm;íyif xifonf/ arSmufvsufjuD; vJusawmhonf/ rDwmwkdrdk hol hudk tukefvHk; ausmfwufukefjuaomfvnf; tm;ravsmh1mJ vl;vJxum qufajy;ao;onf/ ]ZGJqkawmh ay;oifhw,f} ymk ndKaxG;u &,farm&if; rSwfcsufcscJhavonf/ ]olua&m *sDaymmudk eSdrfwmyJvm;} ]oleSdrfwwfvdk heSdrf&if cHomao;w,f? ckawmh olrsm;awG eSdrforSs a1m;uaejyD; tm;ay;tm;ajrSmuf vkyfaewm ydkcHjyif;p&m aumif;w,f} ]ajymjuao;w,f *sDaymmolrsm;qdk&if ajumufyg&J hwJh? rvdkcsifyg1ml;wJh} ]trSefawmh OD;olajympwrf;aygh r0g&,f? pufrSK ausmif;om;awGrsm; tjyifvlawGom txifjuD; wm? 'dk hawGrsm;uawmh roHk;a&;cs roHk;vdk hajymaewmvJ olwdk hawG cHae&wmyJ} ]'gayr,fh a,musfm;eJ hrdef;r jydKifajymjupwrf;qdk&if rdef;uav;uyJ &SHK;&rSmayhg} ]t ym,f ym,f ymJ} r0gu tm;i,foHav;eSifh ajymaomtcg ndKaxG;onf avSmif&,fuav; &,fvdkufavonf/ ndKaxG; rsufvHk; ndKndKav;rsm;onfvnf; cyfavSmifavSmifeSifh &,farmaejuymef wlonf/ ]1mmvdk h&SHK;&rSmvJ? rSwfxm; r0g&J h? a,musfm;qdkwm 1mmeJ hxkxm;wmrdk hvJ? a,musfm;wdkif; a,musfm;wdkif;ymm rdef;uav;wdkif;twGuf upm;p&m t&kyfuav;awGyJ} ]t,f t,f} a'gojuD;aeaom r0gonf ol ha'goudk cPa1m;csdwfvdkufjyD; ndKaxG;udk yg;pyfuav; ymvsuf ai;junfhaeavonf/ r0g a'gorsm;onf vGifhaysmufjyD; rsufeSmusufodk h wufuyfukefjyD xifonf/ ]ymm 'gawmh rymkwfao;yg1ml;} ]ymkwfwmrS odyfymkwfwmaygh} ndKaxG;u cyfwif;wif;yif ajymavonf/ ndKaxG; rsufeSmoG,foG,fav;onf rmea&mifeSifh 0if;aeoa,mif&Sdonf/ ]aumifav;awGom jum;&if odyfa'guefrSmaem} ]uefcsif&ifom uefaya&mh 'gymm trSefw&m;yJ? rupm;csif&ifom &Sd&r,f? rupm;wwf&ifom &Sd&r,f? a,musfm;qdkwmrsdK;ymm rdef;ru vSnfhvdkuf&if 'dk;uav;vdk 0Dac:atmif vnfoGm;wwfwmrsdK;}
  • 11. *sDa[mol 10 ]avavSsmhygOD; ndKaxG;&,f} wpfcsdefvHk; jidrfaeaom a0a0u ,ckrS 0ifajymavonf/ a0a0jyHK;pyfpyf? &,fusJusJ rsufeSm uav; wGifyif acwårSs tjyHK;uG,faysmufaeonf/ tHhjoovdk rsufvHk;uav; t0dkif;om;eSifh ndKaxG;udk ai;junfhaeavonf/ ]ndKaxG;avus,fwm rymkwfyg1ml; a0a0&,f? wu,fajymaewmyg? *sDaymmoludk rvdkcsif1ml;qdkwJh ausmif;om;awGudk *sDaymmola&S hrSm 'l;axmifjyD; idkcsif;csatmif vkyfedkifygw,f} ]rvG,f1ml; ndKaxG;&J hrvG,f1ml;? a,musfm;ymm rdef;rtwGuf upm;p&m qkd&if olwkd hu wjyef rdef;rymm a,musfm;awGtwGuf tysif;ajzp&myJvdk hoa1mmxm;&if rcufygvm;} 'Dwpfcgawmh cifcsdKajymjzpfavonf/ r0gudk a'gorjuD;apcsifovdk ndKaxG;ukdvnf; rmerjuD; apvdkay/ rmeymlonfrSm pifppftm;jzifh &ifwGif;ü avmifaomrD;ymk cifcsdKxifrdonf/ ]tdk tcspfyGJrSm tonf;aysmhol cHpwrf;aygh? rdndKaxG;wdk htonf;rrm&if cHrSmaygh? 'gayr,fhf ndKaxG;wdk htonf;u rmvdkufwmrS oHvufcwfeJ hwD;&ifawmif wl&d,moH xGufedkifw,f} ]tvJh w,fpmwJhqkdygvm;? tJav w,fqdkwJh pmygvm;} cifcsdKwdk hpum;0dkif;onf 1mmvdkvdkeSifh OD;wnfcsufajymif;oGm;avonf/ wpfavwnf; wpfoHwnf; xGufaeaom 0dkif;wGif eSpfpkuGJoGm;onf/ a0a0? armfarmf? rd0geSifh r0gu wpfzuf? ndKaxG;u wpfzuf pum;&nfvkyGJjuD; pwifavawmhonf/ jum;aea&;0g'udk vufudkifxm;jyD; 'dkifvljuD;vkyfaeaom cifcsdK vnf; ymdk1muf pdwfa&mufvdkuf? 'D1mufpdwfa&mufvdkufeSifh olwdk htajymaumif;ovdk pdwfajymif;ae&onf/ ]ndKaxG;rmejuD;vGef;w,f} rdu rSwfcsufcsonf/ ]rdwkd hu rmeenf;vGef;w,f} ndKaxG;u rajureyf ajymonf/ ]ql;usvJzuf zufusvJzuf qkdwmymkd q,fh&Spf&mu pum;? ckacwfymm eSpfq,f&mpk? eSpfq,f&mpk rdef;uav;awGymm 'Dpum;ajymaejuao;w,fqkdawmh 0rf;enf;zkd haumif;w,f? 'DacwfrSm ql;usdK;&r,f} ]jrwfpGm1mk&m;} ndKaxG;onf avudk enf;enf;rS ravSsmhacs/ rsufeSmudk armhjyD; eSKwfcrf;udk wif;wif;aph xm;av onf/ w&m;oljuD; cifcsdKvnf; 1mmudk qHk;jzwf&rnf rodawmhacs/ rdwdk honf ]uGsefrrSm rdef;rom;} ymlí tm;EGJ hvGef;onf/ ndKaxG;url ]igymJh rdef;r} ymk rmefjuD;vGef;onf/ rdwdk h u enf;enf;wdk;? ndKaxG;u enf;enf;avSsmhvSsif taeawmf jzpfrnf xifonf/ xdkae hu pum;&nfvkyGJonf wpfem&Dausmfjumonf xifonf/ pum;&nfvkyGJudk tavmif;tpm; eSifh tqHk;owfoGm;aomtcg 'dkifvljuD; cifcsKdonf &ifwkefvmojzifh aq;ojum; azsmfaomuf&avonf/ tavsmftpm;tjzpf ausmif;rS atmifjyD; tvkyfvkyfaomtcg vcwpfvcudk owfrSwfonf/ ndKaxG;edkif vSsif ol&onfh wpfvcudk rdwdk hav;OD;cGJ,l&rnf/ rdwkd hekdifvSsifrl olwkd hwpfvcpD ndKaxG;udk ay;rnf/
  • 12. rpE´m 11 ypfrSwfonfum; ]udk&ifarmiftonf;} ypfrnfhjrm;onfum; ]rndKaxG;} yGJjunfhy&dowfonfum; r0g? rd? a0a0eSifh armfarmfwdk hjzpfonf/ w&m;oljuD;um; cifcsdK jzpfonf/ xkdtajumif;udk rnfolrSs rodap&ef cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; vufzufpm;jyD; opömjyKcJhju &avonf/ * * *
  • 13. *sDa[mol 12 (4) ]trSefawmh 'Dvdktavmif;tpm;qdkwm vkyfudk rvkyfoifh1ml;} wpfnae cifcsdKwdk hwawG tcef;tjyif1mufwGif zsmcif;xdkif&if; pkrdjuaomtcg rdu aemifw& ovdk ajymavonf/ avu cyfjurf;jurf; wdkufaeojzifh rd qHyifrsm; wjzwfjzwf vGihfaeavonf/ cifcsKdonf 1mmrS jyefrajym1mJ rdudkom cyfai;ai; junfhaerdavonf/ avwGif a0hum 0dkufumeSifh 0Jae aom rdqHEG,fav;rsm;rSm junfhí aumif;vSonf/ *sDaymmwpfaqmifvHk; cifcsdKwdk htydkifpm;&aom tay:qHk;xyf taemuf1muf a'gifhonf avtwdkufqHk; xifonf/ aEG rdk; aqmif; Owkra&G; pdrfhat;ae atmif wdkufcwfavh &Sdonf/ ]tdk *Gwfw,fxifvdk h'l;wmyJ} ]tif;aygh 'l;jyD;rSawmh *Gwfom*Gwf} a0a0eSifh armfarmfonfum; jyHK;&,f&if; oHjydKifajymjuavonf/ ]1mmtavmif;tpm;vJ? 1mmvkyfxm;wmvJ} axG;axG;onf olrodvdkuf&aom udpördk hem;rvnfekdif1mJ ar;onf/ vufzuf opöm pl;rnfpkd;aom ajumifh cifcsdKwkd htm;vHk; eSKwfydwfa&iHk aevdkufju&onf/ axG;axG;vufxJrS pm;vufp qD;,dkxkyfudk a0a0eSifh armfarmfu wpfa,mufwpfvuf ,lpm;vdkufjuaomtcgwGifum; pum;vrf;ajumif;vnf; ajymif;oGm;avawmhonf/ ]ausmif;zGifhwmawmif rjumao;1ml;? 1mmvdkvdkeJ hpmar;yGJawmif wjznf;jznf; eD;jyD} ]at;uG,f eD;vmjyDaygh} pmar;yGJajumif;jum;&vSsif cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; wnfwnfjidrfjidrf jzpfoGm;wwfjuonf/ tjcm;ae&m rsm;wGif rnfrSsyif aqmhae ajymifaeaomfvnf; pmar;yGJqkdvSsifrl ajumufju&onf/ av;av;pm;pm; usufrSwfjyD; av;av;pm;pm; ajzju&onfom jzpf/ odk haomf tif*sifeD,m 1mmom&yftm;vHk;xJwGif Adokum 1mmom&yfudk oif,laom cifcsdKwdk honfum; wpf1mmomjcm;aeavonf/ olwkd havmuf usufpm rrsm;ay/ twef;juD;vmaom tcg a&;ajzwpf1mmom eSpf1mmomrSty usufpm r&Sdawmhacs/ taqmuf tOD;trsdK;rsdK;udkom OD;aeSmufudk jcpfukwfjyD; wpfvwpfjudrf xkwfju&awmhonf/ wpfvwpfjudrf wif& aom yHkpHrsm;rS trSwfudk OD;pm;ay;jyD; tatmift&SHK; qHk;jzwfavonf/ xkd hajumifh tif*sifeD,mwdk h tvkyf&SKyfaecsdefwGif Adokumwkd htm;aevSsifaewwfonf/ Adokumrsm; rtdyfraetvkyfrsm;aom tcsdefwGif vnf; tif*sifeD,m1mmom&yf,lolrsm; at;at;aq;aq; xdkifaeedkifjuonf/ tif*sifeD,m vlrsm;pkjum;xJ
  • 14. rpE´m 13 wGif Adokum vlenf;pkuav;rSmuef hvef huef hvef hjzpfaewwfonf/ cifcsdKwdk hutdrfyHkpH?wkdufyHkpH tao; av; rsm; aqmifvkyfí tvkyf&SKyfaecsdefwGif rdwdk honf *Pef;aygif; aomif;ajcmufaxmifjum;xJwGif epfjrKyf aeavonf/ ]aymm ymdkrSm ajym&if;qdk&if;} taqmifa1m;rS auG hywfjyD; wufoGm;aom vrf;uav;udk junfh&if; armfarmfu ajymavonf/ wpfa,mufwnf; wpdkufpdkuf avSsmufoGm;aom udk&ifarmifudk awG h&onf/ naeapmif; wGif ausmif;om; rsm;onf tpkvdkuf at;at;oufom vrf;avSsmufavh &Sdjuonf/ udk&ifarmifonfum; naeig;em&DcGJ wGif xrif;pm;jyD; wpfOD;wnf; vrf;avSsmufxGufavh&Sdonfudk cifcsdKwkd howdxm;rdonf/ ]ajomf crsm oem;p&m? 1mmrS rod&Sm1ml;} rdonf jyHK;rvdk rJhrvdk rsufeSmuav;eSifh udk&ifarmifudk ai;junfhaeonf/ jzpfcJh&aom tavmif; tpm; jyóemtwGuf tawmfyif pdwfroufrom jzpfaeyHk&onf/ ]ndKaxG;u 1mmajymao;vJ} ]tymJ tcsdefwefawmh EGm;ydefuefvdrfhr,fwJh? ckxdawmh 1mmtpDtpOfvkyf&r,fawmif rodao; 1ml;wJh} ]aumif;uGm} r0gonf cifcsdKa1m;wGif 0ifxkdif&if; &,favonf/ pifppf jyóemudk r0gu pcJhjcif; jzpfonf/ a0a0? armfarmfeSifh rdwdk hu ulnDtm;ay;olrsm; jzpfonf/ ]jyóempol r0g? ajrSmufay;olu a0? armf? rd? juHazmfjuHzuf tm;vHk;teufwGif irdkufom; &ifarmifav? eifcsnf;yif aoayawmhymk av;ypfrnfholum; rndKaxG;} armfarmfonf wdk;wdk;av; a&&Gwfaeonf/ a0a0au em;axmif&if; &,faomfvnf; rdonf r&,fedkif acs/ r0gurl jyHK;pp vkyfaeavonf/ olwdk hwpfawG vkyfcJhjuaom tavmif;tpm;tajumif;udkom rrcif odvSsif rnfuJhodk h aernfudk cifcsdKawG;aerdonf/ ol'Davmuf qHk;raeonfhjum;xJu 'Dvdk vkyfju&rvm;ymk krqkH;edkifatmif qlawmh qJawmhrnf jzpfonf/ a0a0wdk h? ndKaxG;wdk hacgif;uav;awGudk AHkpDovdkpDjyD; 'vpyf vdkufacgufvdrfhrnf xifonf/ 'Dvdkqdkjyefawmhvnf; vufzuf0dkif;wkef;u rrcifom &SdvSsif taumif;om;ymk cifcsdKawmifhw rdonf/ rrcifom &SdvSsif tavmif;tpm;vnf; jzpfvmedkifrnf rymkwfacs/ tavmif;tpm;r&SdvSsif tavsmftpm;vnf; &Sdrnf rymkwfygacs/ t&SHkK;tedkifvnf; &Sdrnf rymkwfygacs/ cifcsdKuawmh 1m,fol hudkrS redkifapvdkay? tedkif&SdvSsif t&SHK;&Sd&awmhrnfrdk hjzpfonf/ rnfol hudkrSs r&SHK;apcsifaomajumifh jzpfygonf/ * * *
  • 15. *sDa[mol 14 (5) ]ndKaxG;wpfoufvHk; wpfcgrS r&SHK;zl;1ml;? ndKaxG;vkyf&if edkif&rSmyJ} ndKaxG;onf cifcsdK hyefuefxJodk hc&rf;oD;eSyfwpfZGef;cyfxnfhay;&if; ajymonf/ ndKaxG;rsufvHk; ndKndKav;rsm;onf rmea&mifeSifh &Tef;vJhaeonf/ acgif;avSsmfjyD;prdk h zm;vsm;csjyD; zJjukd;eSifh uydku,dk csnfxm;aom qHyif aysmhaysmhrsm;onfum; eufarSmif oefpGrf;vSonf/r0gurl ndKaxG;udk cyfjyHK;jyHK; junfhjyD; xrif;om ukef;pm;aeonf/ oljudkufaom c&rf;oD;eSyfymif;rdk htpm;udk pum;xuf rufaejcif; vnf; jzpfedkifonf/ c&rf;oD;eSyfqdkvSSsif cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; judkufjuonf/ taqmifu xrif;ymif;udk nHhvSonfymk nnf;oltawmfrsm;avonf/ rD;a&tpHk? aeonfhtwGuf a&m? pm;onfhtwGufyg taqmifaju;rSm ig;q,fhckepfusyfom jzpfonfhtwGuf ymif;wGif qDenf;onf qdkjyD; rnnf;oifhymk cifcsdKxifonf/ tdrfxrif; tdrfymif;eSifh eSdKif;jyD; tjypfwif&ef roifhay/ trsm;pm csuf&aom ymif;onf tdrfwGif csufaom qDjyefymif;eSifhum; ,SOfekdifrnf rymkwfacs/ odk haomf pufrSKwGif auGs;aom c&rf;oD;eSyfonfum; tdrfpHcsdefudk rDonfymk cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; pHxm;qHk;jzwfjuonf/ c&rf;oD;eSyfauGs;aomae hwGif cgwdkif;xuf xrif;pm;í 0ifjuavonf/ taqmifaepu taqmifxrif; ndKndKeSifh jzLavsmfavsmf ymif;rsm;udk junfhjyD; rsdKrusedkif1mJ idkcsifpdwfaygufaeaom cifcsdKyif c&rf;oD;eSyf ymif;eSifh xrif;pm;edkifcJhonf/ ]aymh cifcsdK 1mmidkifaewmvJ} r0gonf cifcsdK hycHk;udk qwfceJ ykwfvkdufonf/ ymif;cGufudk junfh&if; tawG;vGefoGm;aom cifcsdKvnf; rdrdpdwfudk jyefqGJac:&if; &,fvdkufrdonf/ cifcsdKwdk hxrif;pm;tjyD;wGif taqmifudk wef;rjyef jzpf1mJ ausmif;udk ywfí vrf;avSsmufrdjuonf/ ausmif;taemuf1muf tvkyf&Hkrsm;1mufwGif jruf&dkif;yif eDeDrsm;nf yef;cif;juD;ozG,f &Jaeonf/ avtaoG;wGif 1m,fnm ,drf;EGJ haejuonf/ ]'Dausmif;rSm ndKaxG; tcspfqHk;u tJ'D jruf&dkif;eDawGyJ? ndKaxG; olaX;jzpf&if jcHtus,fjuD;0,fjyD; tJ'DjrufawGudk rsufpdwpfqHk; tcif;juD; jzpfatmif pdkufxm;r,f} wEGJ hEGJ hnGwfaeaom jrufnSmwHav;udk cl;,l&if; pdwful;,Ofaeaom ndKaxG;onf cav;i,f av;eSifh wlaeonf/ cifcsdKom yef;csDqGJwwfvSsif jruf&dkif;yif eDeDrsm;tjum;wGif qHEG,fqHnGef hrsm; avwGif vGifhaeaom ndKaxG; yHkudk yef;csDqGJrdrnf xifonf/ ndKaxG;0wfxm;aom tusF D0g0geSifh vHkcsnft0gyGifhonf jruf&dkif;yifrsm; tjum;wGif vGifvGifuav; xif&Sm;aehrnf jzpfonf/ eD&J&J ,Sufjzm
  • 16. rpE´m 15 us aeaom naecif; aea&mifjcnfonf ndKaxG; yg;csdKifhuav;rsm;udk ydkrdk xif&Sm;aprnf jzpfavonf/ teDeSifh t0gqdkvSSsif ylaEG;aom ta&mifrsm;aeonf/ ndKaxG; qHyifudk pD;xm;aom zJjudk;jym;av;onf avxJwGif ysH0JaejyD; rsufpdudk rodromuav; at;oGm;apekdifrnf jzpfavonf/ yef;csDum; trnfudkrl ]t&dkif;} ymk ay;&vSsif aumif;rnfxifonf/ t&dkif;ymlonfrSm o1mm0twdkif; rjyKrjyif xm;onfudk qdkvdkonf rymkwfygavm/ ]ndKaxG;om wefcdk;&Sif qkd&if tJ'D jruf&dkif;eDawGudk ckvdk aqmif;wGif;ru1ml;? q,fheSpf&moD &Sdaeatmif zefqif;xm;rSmyJ} ]tdk uG,f yef;vJ rymkwf? t&GufvJ rymkwf? arT;vJ rarT;? aymmymkd acsmufxJu yef;0gav;awGurS ydkvSao;w,f} ]yef;qdkwm arT;rS vSrS yef;vdk hoa1mmxm;&if rSm;rSmaygh r0g&,f? yef;qdkwm yef;qefvGef;&if raumif;1ml; rdef;uav;&J h} jruf&dkif;eDrsm;jum;xJwGif &yf&if; ndKaxG;u ajymaepOf cifcsdKwdk ha1m;rS udk&ifarmifonf jzwfí avSsmufoGm;onf/ ol hymeftwkdif; acgif;iHk hum ajcvSrf;udk a&wGufí avSsmufaeovdk wpfvSrf;csif; avSsmufoGm;/ wpfOD;eSifh wpfOD; rdwfqufp&mrvdk? odaejyD; jzpfjuaomfvnf; rnfolurSpí eSKwfrqufonfhtwGuf eSKwfrqufjzpfjuay/ ndKaxG;url jrufwpfyifudk trSwfwrJh vSrf;Ekwf&if; rsufvTm0ef;0dkufjyD; tuJcwfvdkufonf/ xkdh aemufwGifum; wdkifyifp&myif rvdk? ndKaxG;? r0geSifhcifcsdKwkd h oHk;OD;om; udk&ifarmif aemuf1mufrS jznf;jznf;oufom vdkufvmrdjuonf/ ]yef;qdkwm vSwdkif;vJ rarT;1ml;? arT;wdkif;vJ rvS1ml;? wcsdK husawmh uHaumif;vdk hxifyg&J h arT;vJarT;w,f vSvJvSw,f? uHqdk;wJh yef;av;rsm; usjyefawmhvnf; arT;vJ rarT; vSvJ rvS? 'dk hrsm; rdef;uav;awG&J h1m0ymmvJ yef;uav;rsm;vkdyJ} ndKaxG;onf avat;av;eSifh ajymaeonf/ rsufvHk;ndKav;rsm;u &D&Tifaeaomfvnf; ndKaxG; toHonf aqG;aqG;ajrhajrhav; jzpfaeonf/ cifcsdKwdk hta&S hvufwpfvSrf;omomavmufwGif avSsmufoGm; aom udk&ifarmifonf ndKaxG; toHudk aumif;pGm jum;ekdifayvdrhfrnf xifonf/ ]yef;jrif&if cl;csifjuwmawmh vlawG&J hnmOfyJ xifyg&J haemf? tjrwfwedk;tyefcH&wJh yef;av;awG uawmh uHaumif;wmaygh? wcsdK hvlawGuawmh yef;jrif&if cl;jyD; acsypfwwfwmrsdK;? yef;uav;awGudk 1mmOya'urS umuG,fray;1ml;? tnSmvG,f& aumif;vm;vdk hawmif 0dkif;jyD; zdvdkufjuao;w,f? tJ'gu awmh rw&m;yg1ml; aemf cifcsdK&,f} ]tif;aygh} ndKaxG;u pum;axmufvkdufí cifcsdKonf a,mifeeeSifh tif;om vkdufvdkuf&onf/ rndKaxG; ajcvSrf;udk aumif;pGm rjrifrdao;acs/ rdef;rrm,m oJudk;jzmymk qdkpum; &Sdonf/ ndKaxG;onf oJudk;jzm xJrS oJwpfqkyfudkawmh toHk;jyKjyD xif&onf/ udk&ifarmif ajcvSrf;rsm; aeS;oGm;onfum; trSefyif/ ]wu,fawmh ndKaxG;wdk hrdef;r1m0ymm wu,fhudk zuf1m0? ql;usus zufusus zufomayguf& w,fqdkwm a&S;vljuD;awGymm wu,fajymcJhwmaemf? t&SHK;cH1m0 oufouf&,f}
  • 17. *sDa[mol 16 ndKaxG;u aqG;ajrhemjunf;oHav;eSifh ajymaomtcg r0grsufvHk;eSpfzufonf jyL;xGufjyD; tvef hwjum; jzpfoGm;avonf/ eSpfq,f&mpkeSpfrSm zufay:uswJhql;awG usdK;&r,fymk avoHrmrmeSifh ajymcJhaom pum;udk owd&íxifonf? ndKaxG;onf ol hudk rsufvHk;tjyL;om;eSifh vSnfhjunfhaomtcg r0gtm; &,fusJusJeSifh rsufpdwpfzuf rSdwfjyavonf/ rsufpdymlonfudk acgif; ta&S h1muf rsufeSmwGifom eSpfvHk;pvHk; wyfqifay;cJhaom o1mm0w&m;juD;ajumifh ndKaxG;udk ausmcdkif;xm;aom udk&ifarmifonf ndKaxG; &,fusJusJymefav;udk rjrifedkif&Smacs/ toHudkom jum;ae&ol onf rsufvHk;av;&Da0a0eSifh aqG;&dyforf;aeaom rsufeSmav;udkom awG;xifjrifa,mif rdrnf jzpfayonf/ ]1m,facwfjuD; 1m,fvdkwdk;wufjyD; 'HkysHawG 1m,fvdkvTwfvTwf? vudk1m,fvdkoGm;oGm;'dk hrdef;uav; awGvJ ynmawG 1m,fvdkwwfwwf? ql;eJ hzuf ed,mrjuD;uawmh ajymif;rSm rymkwf1ml;aemf} ]ndKaxG;u a,musfm;jzpfcsifvdk hvm;} ]tdk rjzpfcsifyg1ml;? rjzpfekdifwmudk 1mmvdk hwrf;wae&rSmvJ? a,musfm;awGudkom rdef;uav;awG&J h 1m0 em;vnfapcsifwm? pmemapcsifwmyg} ajcvSrf;aeS;aeaom udk&ifarmifudk cifcsdKwdk hwawG ausmfwufcJhjuonf/ tuJcwfymefeSifhrodrom vSnhfjunfhonfudkyif vHk;0trSKrxm;rdovdk aumif;uifjymudk armhjunfhaeaom ndKaxG;onf trlt,m aumif;vSayonf/ udk&ifarmifymlonfh vludk &Sdonfymk trSwfxm;yHkyifr&/ ta&;pdkufrdyHkyifr&/ pdwfwHcg; udk rodromav;zGifhjyD; *sdKif;ceJ jyefydwfxm;vdkufonf/ xdjyD; ajy;aom ]xdajy;} uav;rsm;onf tcspfyGJwGif ppfcif;juonfymk cifcsdKjum;zl;onf/ jidrfoufpGm &yfaeoltm; pwifjyD; xdcdkuffí vSKyf&Sm;vmaomtcg ajy;avawmhonf/ tajy;orm;eSifh tvkduform;ymlonf ajy;olu ompjrJyifwnf;/ ndKaxG;udk junfh&onfrSmvnf; tajy;orm;av;eSifh wlonf/ uefa&jyifuJhodk hjidrfaeaom pdwftpOftm; cJao;ao;av;eSifh rxdwxd pjyD; ypfcwfaejyD xif&onf/ cifcsdKjum;zl;aom yHkjyifxJwGif ol&Jaumif; rif;om;av;u av;ypfrnfymk av;nSdK hudk wD;cwfvdkufaomtcg &efoltukefvHk; rSifoufrdjyD; ausmuf&kyfvdk jzpfukefjuonf qdk/ av;ypfrnfh cspfjrm;&Sif ndKaxG;onfvnf; av;nSdK hudk omomav; wD;cwfaeacsjyD/ irdkufom;&ifarmifav a&Smifedkif &if a&Smifayawmhymk cifcsdK pdwfxJwGif wD;wdk;a&&Gwfaerdonf/ ]oJudk;jzmxJu oJwpfqkyfudkawmh ndKaxG;oHk;cJhjyD xifyg&J h} taqmifodk hjyefa&mufaomtcg zm;zm;a0a0 ydawmuf&Gufrsm;udk ckefcl;&if; r0gu ar;ajymav; ajymonf/ ndKaxG;onf 1mef'gyif&dyfatmufrS cHkpdrf;av;wGif ajcypfvufypf xkdifcs&if; &,favonf/ ]oJwpfrSKef eSpfrSKefyg r0g&,f? wpfqkyfrukefyg1ml;} * * *
  • 18. rpE´m 17 (6) 'Dae hcifcsdKausmif;rwufjzpfacs/ wufcsifpdwfvnf;r&SdvS/q&mqGJcdkif;xm;aomyHkpHudkqGJí rjyD;ao; aomajumifhq&meSifhvnf; &ifqdkifcsifpdwfr&Sdacs/ xdk hajumifhtcef;xJwGifwpfreufvHk;atmif;aejyD;ausmif; ajy;jzpfavonf/ cifcdsKwdk htaqmifeSifh ydokumXmeonf eD;uyfojzifh tcef;tjyif1mufxGufaevSsif XmerS vSrf;jrifekdifonf/ xkd hajumifh tcef;tjyifudk yif rxGuf&J? taqmifa&S hwGif jzwfoGm;aom q&m rsm; trSwfwrJh vSrf;jrifoGm;rnfudk ajumufaomajumifh jzpfonf/ odk haomf q,fhwpfem&D xdk;aomtcgwGufum; cifcsdKonf raeomawmhacs/ igh0rf;ylqm raeom vdk hxGuf&w,fymk nnf;&if; xrif;pm;aqmif1mufokd hcyfvSsdK;vSsdK; xGufvm&onf/ *sDaymmolrsm; 'Dwpfcg awmh uHqdk;vSonf/ xrif;pm;aqmifeSifh taqmifonf wpfac:omom a0;avonf/ oD;jcm;pD &Sdju onfrdk hxrif;wpfcg pm;&efta&; usJusJylaom aexJrS jzwfjyD; ig;rdepfomomcef hvrf;avSsmuf ju&avonf/ aeylonfurSawmfao;onf/rdk;wGif;tcgwGifum;'l;qpfcef hjrKyfaeaoma&xJwGifw0kef;0kef; eSifh a&ul;usifhjyD;rS xrif;pm;ju&avonf/ ]aym; cifcsdK axG;axG;} pm;aomufqdkifrsm; a1m;rS tjzwfwGif qdkifxJrS ,k,kaqGu vSrf;ac:onf/ ol ha&S hu pm;yGJ ay:wGif 'HaygufyGJudk jrif&ojzifh cifcsdKwkd hajcvSrf;vnf; xrif;pm;aqmifudk arhjyD; 'HaygufqDodk htvdkvdk OD;wnfoGm;avonf/ ]1mmjzpfvdk hausmif;rwufjuwmvJ? q&mjuD; a':uefaew,f} ]tymkwfvm;} cifcsdKa&maxG;axG;yg &ifxJwGif 'dkif;ceJckefoGm;juonf/ wpfcgwpf&Hawmhvnf;cifcsdKwkd hpdwfnpf rdonf/ pmtydk'fwpf&musuf ymkqdkvSsifyif 0D&d,tm;udk;eSifh usufygu jyD;edkifao;onf/ 'DyHkudk 'Dae h pOf;pm;jyD; tjyD;qGJ&rnfymkqkdygu OD;aeSmufu &TifaevSsif jyD;edkifayonf/ wpfcgwpf&H ÚmPfajcmufcef; aomtcgrsm;wGif rnfuJhokd haom yHkpHudk xkwfvkyf&rnfudk pOf;pm;í r&edkif1mJ wpfaeukef&onf/OD;aeSmuf xJrS pOf;pm;ÚmPfymlonf jcpfxkwfaumfxkwfívnf; &aumif;onf rymkwfygacs/ ]'dk hawG 'DZdkif;rxGufao;vdk h} ]tdk 1mmyHkyJjzpfjzpf awG hu&m qGJjyvdkuf&if jyD;wmyJ} ]'DvdkvJ rjycsif1ml;uG? rif;wdk hjrefrmawG nHhvSacsuvm;vdk hxifoGm;&if tcuf}
  • 19. *sDa[mol 18 axG;axG;u wkd;wdk;av; ajymonf/ cifcsdKwdk h twef;q&monf &yf&Sif;vlrsdK; jzpfavonf/ &k&Sm;rSa&mufvmonfrSm rjumao;ojzifh jrefrmwkd h tavhtx? tusifhp&dkufudkvnf; aumif;pGm em;rvnfao;acs/ awG horSs jriforSsudk pl;prf;avhvmjyD; &k&Sm;eSifh ,SOfjunfhavh&Sdavonf/ cifcsdK hpdwfxJ wGif jrefrmawGudk txifao;rSm pdk;&drfaom tawG;jzifh jynfhaeonf/ cifcsdKwdk htwef;wGif 'kwd,eSpfuwnf;upí &yf&Sifq&mrsm;eSifh a&pufqHkcJh&onf/ OD;qHk;q&m onf tdk*sDaumhjzpfonf/ t&yfjrifhjrifh cg;udkif;udkif;eSifh vufeSpfzufudk vTJjyD; avSsmufavh&Sdaom q&m ymefonf xl;jcm;avonf/ pum;ajymvSsif ol hrkwfqdwf wdkwdkav;udk oyfíoyfí ajymavh&Sdonf/ wpfcgwpf&H jrefrmykqdk;udk cyfwkdwkd 0wfwwfavonf/ jrefrmhtavh? jrefrmhp&dkufudk em;tvnfqHk; q&mymk qdkedkifayonf/ 'kwd,q&monfum; 'dk,dkzD;,uf jzpfonf/ t&yfcyfykyk 00zdkihfzdkifheSifh xm0pOf jyHK;aewwfonf/ &yf&Sifyif jzpfaomfvnf; tar&duef pD;u&ufudkrS aomufwwfonf/ jrefrmjynfrS rdausmif;om;eSifh ajrGom;udk tonf;pGJatmif judkufeSpfoufavonf/ ausmif;om;rsm;udk em;vnfrSK&SdjyD; oa1mmaumif; vSonf/ ,ckaemufqHk;q&monfum; rpöwm t,fvufZjE´d,m; Apf&Sftl&Sm;aumhymk trnfwGifav/ jreffrmjynfa&mufvmonfrSmvydkif;om&Sdao;onf/ cifcsdKwkd hausmif;ajy;vSsifol htoiftjyudk reSpfouf aom ajumifhymk awG;jyD; pdwfraumif; jzpfwwfonf/ pkpkaygif;rS q,fhig;a,mufom &Sdaom cifcsdKwdk h twef;uav;wGifvnf; vlwpfOD;ajy;vSsif ajy;rSef; odomvSacsonf/ ]'Dae hausmif;ajy;wJhvlawG trsm;juD;? 1mmjzpfvdk hrwufwmvJvdk hcsnf; ar;aew,f? aeraumif; jzpfw,fqdk&atmif uvJ wjydKifeufwnf; zsm;wm rsm;vGef;w,f? 1m,fvdk ajz&r,fawmif rod1ml;} ]1m,feSpfa,mufawmif aysmufaevdk hvJ} ]udk;a,muf? 'Dae hausmif;wufwm ajcmufa,mufwnf; &Sdw,f} ]ymdkuf} rwdkifyif1mJeSifh wkdufqdkifukefacsjyD/ twef;xJwGif vlwpf0ufyif r&Sdavawmh q&ma'guef rnfqdk vSsifvnf; uefoifhvSacsonf/ ]naeydkif;awmh vmvdk hrjzpf1ml;xifw,f} ]jyp&m yHkvJ r&Sdao;1ml;} ]uJ pm;rSm pm;ygOD;} &SHK hrJhrJh jzpfaeaom cifcsdKwdk heSpfOD;1mufodk h,k,kaqGonf 'Haygufyef;uefrsm; xdk;ay;onf/ rqvmeH hu oif;ysH hhjyD; a0h0Jvmaom tcgrS wjukwfjukwfjrnfaeaom Adkufudk owd&rdonf/ pufrSKu pm;aomufqkdifrsm;onf emrnfjuD;avonf/ w&kwfpm? ukvm;pm? jrefrmxrif;ymif; tvHk;pHk tqifh twef;rDrDeSifh aumif;rGefonf/ ,kaqGonf pm;í ukefvkeD;aejyD jzpfaomfvnf; cifcsdKwdk hudk apmifhjyD; jznf;jznf;pm;aeonf/ ]aymmawmh OD;a&Taumh}
  • 20. rpE´m 19 axG;axG;onf o&ufoD;oeyf yef;uefudk vSrf;í cyf,l&if; vufjuD;wef;vef;eSifh &yfoGm;onf/ yg;pyfuav;ymvsuf ezl;jyifwGif csufcsif;yif acGs;rsm; pdk hvmavonf/ ]ym,f} oljunfh&m wpfzufqdkifudk vSrf;junfh&if; cifcsdKonf vufxJrS ZGef;udk a,mifa,mifrSm;rSm; ypfcs vdkufrdonf/ wpfzufqdkifa&S hwGif cifcsdKwdk htac: OD;a&TaumhtrnfcH q&mjuD; rpöwmtl&Sm;aumhonf rm;rm; juD; &yfaeonf/ qdkifxJrS vlrsm;udk wpfOD;pD taotcsm vdkufjunfhaeavonf/ jrefrmjynfa&mufprdk h jrefrmwdk h &kyfudk uGJuGJjym;jym; rrSwfrdao;acs/ 0wfpm;jyifqifyHkrsm; a&maxG;aeojzifh ol hwynfhausmf ausmif;om;rsm; ymkwfrymkwf wpfOD;pD avSsmufjunfhaejcif; jzpfonf/ ]1mm 1mm 1mm vkyfjurvJ} axG;axG;u xpfxpf aighaigh ar;avonf/ xrif;pm;csdefrdk hpm;aomufqdkifxJwGifvnf; vltjynfh jzpfonf/ ajumifvufwGif rdaom juGufuav;rsm; ozG,f ausmif;ajy;zrf;aom q&mjuD;vufxJwGif vla&S hola&S hü trdcH&awmhrnf xifonf/ 0l;0l;0g;0g; qlyljyD; ausmif;cef;wGif;odk hqGJac:jcif;udk cH& ayawmhrnf/ rsufeSmav;rsm; atmufcsjyD; ukyfacsmif;acsmif;vdkufoGm;&rnf xifonf/ ]ym,f ym,f ym,f vmjyD} wpfzufqdkifrS cifcsdKwdk hpm;aeaom qdkif1mufokd hvmaom tcgwGifum; 1mmudkrSs rpOf;pm;ekdifawmh acs/ pm;vufp 'HaygufyGJrsm;udk ypfjyD; qkdifaemufzuf aiGodrf;pm;yGJqDodk h OD;wnfajy;rdjuonf/ ]aymh aeOD; aeOD;av} 'HaygufoHk;yGJeSifh wpfOD;wnf; cef hcef hjuD; xdkifusef&pfaom ,kaqGonfvnf; cifcsdK hvuf udk vSrf;jyD; qGJum; wymkefxdk; vdkufavonf/ tcsdefrD&Hkuav;yif jzpfonf/ oHk;OD;om; aiGodrf;pm;yGJ aemufa&mufjyD; ikwfwkwfxdkifcsjyD;onfeSifh q&mjuD;OD;a&Taumhvnf; qdkifa&S ha&mufvmacsawmhonf/ wpfOD;pDudk taotcsm vdkufjunfhavawmhonf/ cifcsdKwdk haemuf1mufwGif xrif;csufaom avrD;zdkjuD;u w&SJ&SJeSifh jrnfymnf;&if; awmufavmifaeonf/ rD;zdkeSifh uyfaeaomfvnf; axG;axG;vufrsm;onf at;pufaeavonf/ rm;rm;juD;&yfaeaom q&mjuD;tm; taygufjum;rS acsmif;junfh&if; &ifxJwGif wqwfqwf ckefaeonf/ £ajE´rysuf 'Haygufpm;&if;trdcH&onfurSawmfOD;rnf/ pm;yGJaemuf1mufwGif rsufvHk;uv,f uv,feSifh ikwfwkwfuav;awG xkdifaeonfudk rdoGm;ygrS rymmt&Sufawmf vSvSjuD; uGJacsawmhrnf/ ydkíyif &Sufp&m aumif;acsOD;rnf/ ]1mk&m;-1mk&m;-1mk&m;-u,fyg} ,kaqGonf wdk;wdk;av; &Gwfaeonf/ ausmif;wufygvsufeSifh cifcsdKwdk heSifh taygif;aumif; aomajumifh tajcmufwdkuf 0&rf;ajy;jzpf&&Smonf/ qdkifwGif;rS ausmif;om;rsm;onf tl,m;zm;,m; xajy;aom cifcsdKwkd hoHk;OD;eSifh qdkifa&S hwGif &yfaeaom q&mjuD;wdk htjzpfudk &,fcsifjuymef &Sdonf/ vlajymifvlaemuf wpfOD;OD;om ygí pm;yGJaemufokd hvufnSdK;nTefjyvdkufygu w&m;cHajy;rsm;udk ikwfwkwf
  • 21. *sDa[mol 20 uav;awGawG h&awmhrnf jzpfonf/ odk haomf armifrif;juD;om;rsm; awmf&Smjuygayonf/ £ajE´rysuf qufpm;aejuonf/ wpfOD;rS azmfaumifrvkyf/ ]oGm;jyD oGm;jyD} acsmif;junfhaeaom axG;axG;onf armymkdufoHav;eSifh ajymonf/ oufjyif;udk ymif;ceJ cs&if; pm;yGJpGef;av;udk rSDxm;vdkufonf/ wtHhwjojunfh&if; jyHK;aeaom qkdif&Sifukvm;juD;tm; a,mifcsmcsm oGm;jznf;jyaeaom axG;axG; &kyfuav;onf &,fp&maumif;vSacsonf/q&mjuD; tawmfvGefoGm; aomtcgrS cifcsdKwdk hoHk;OD;om; acgif;axmif&Jawmhonf/ pm;yGJaemufuG,frS ukwfacsmif;acsmif; xGufvm aom cifcsdKwkd htm; junfhum wpfqdkifvHk; jyHK;aejuonf/ &Sufaomt&Sufonf i,fxdyfodk hwufuyfae oa,mif cHpm;&onf/ wpfrsufeSmvHk; xlylaeonf/ ]ausmif;ajy;csifOD; rSwfyvm;} 'Haygufrsm;udkyif qufrpm;edkifjuawmhacs/ qdkifxJrS a,mifayay xGufvmjujyD;aomtcg ,kaqGu qlavonf/ cifcsdKwkd hvnf; qloHudk remcHtm;/ taqmifodk htjrefqHk; jyefajy;cJhjuonf/ taqmifwGif;ü tcef;atmif;aeonfyifvSsif a1m;uif;ayrnf/ jyó'g;rvGwfaomae hrdk hnaeydkif;vnf; ausmif;rwuf&J juawmhacs/ cifcsdKwdk homru a0a0eSifh armfarmfudkvnf; jyó'g; eSdyfpufcJhavonf/ xkdae hxkd&ufwGif udk&ifarmif? rndKaxG;wdk hjyóemtwGuf olwdk hwawG OD;aeSmufajcmufcJhju&avonf/ * * *
  • 22. rpE´m 21 (7) ]rajymcsifawmh1ml;uG,f rajymcsifawmh1ml;} a0a0onf vufxJrS pmtkyfrsm;udk pm;yGJay: 1mkef;ceJ ypfcsvdkufonf/ rsufeSmav;u &SHK hrJh aeaomf vnf; rsufvHk;av;rsm;onf ta&mifawmufyjyD; ymufymufyufyuf &,farmaejuymef &Sdonf/ armfarmfurl jyHK;rvdk? &,frvdkeSifh a&wpfcGuf jynfhjynfhcyfjyD; w&Sdef;xdk;aomufavonf/ xkd haemuf ]tymJ armfarmfwdk hawmh &SHK;rvm; ekdifrvm;rod} ymk ajymonf/ ]rndKaxG; wu,fvsifw,f? uHuvnf; ol h1mufvdkufaevm; rod1ml;} rajymcsifyg1ml;ymk atmfaeaom a0a0onfcifcsdKrar;1mJeSifh tptrStqHk;Zmwfajumif;jyefavonf/ ]ae hcif;u a0a0wkd hawG aEG;at;rSm edk hat;oGm;aomufw,f} aEG;at;onf tyla&m tat;yg&aom pufrSKpm;aomufqdkif jzpfonf/ vufzufokwf? *sif;okwf? tmvl;okwfyg tpHk&aom aEGat;wGif vlrjywfvSacs/ ]ausmif;om;awG ajymjyD; &,faejuw,f? cifcsdKwdk hawG ae hcif;u uJifwif;rsm 1m&kwfvkyfoGm;ju w,fqdk} cifcsdKonf roufromeSifh acgif;jidrhfjy&onf/ olwkd htajumif;uvnf; trSefyif &,fp&mrdk h&,f yGJzGJ haeaom olrsm;tm;vnf; tjypfrwifedkif&Smacs/ ]a0a0wdk hvJ tukefjum;ae&wmaygh? cifcsdKwdk hjzpfyHkuvJ &,fp&mjuD;? 'Dae hawmh cifcsdKwdk h wif 1m&kwfjzpfwmrymkwf1ml;? udk&ifarmifuvJ tlwlwl vkyfoGm;ao;w,f} ]ajymygOD;} a0a0onf pum;qufrajymekdifao;1mJ ol hymmol &,faeonf/ ckwifay:wGif yufvufvSJ tdyfaeaom armfarmfonfvnf; a0a0hudk junfhum ymufymufyufyuf &,favonf/ ]udk&ifarmifeJ hApfwmeJ haygh? 1mmjzpfvmw,f rod1ml;? udk&ifarmifu rsufrSeftxljuD; wyfjyD; qdkifxJudk apmif;ief; apmif;ief; eJ h0ifvmw,f} ]udk&ifarmifu rsufrSefwyfvdk hvm;}
  • 23. *sDa[mol 22 ]rwyf1ml;av? t&ifu ol hrsufcGufrSm rsufrSefrS r&Sdwm? tckawmh 1mmpdwful;aygufjyD; wyfvm w,f rod1ml;? atmifodyÜHqdkifrSm olwdk htkyfpku xkdifjunfh&if; &,faejuw,f? Apfwmu rsufrSefryg1ml;? udk&ifarmifhvufudk aemuf1mufu wif;wif;qkyfvdk hayuvyf ayuvyfeJ hav} Apfwmonf cifcsdKwdk hpufrSKwuúodkvfwGif rsufrSefyg0gtrsm;qHk; wyf&ol jzpfrnf xifonf/ rsufrSefcGswfxm;vSsif tem;u vludkyif vlvHk;ruGJawmhacs/ ApfwmrsufrSefudk udk&ifarmifu xyfjyD; warmharmheSifh qdkiful;vmjcif; jzpfonf/ ]qdkifa&mufawmh atmufzufrSm acGeufusm; tdyfaewmudk olwdk heSpfa,mufpvHk; rjrif1ml;? Apfwmu acG;udk wnfhwnfhjuD; wufeif;ygava&m} Apfwmu acG;udk wufeif;aomtcg at;at;vlvl Zdrf,l&if; rSdef;aeaom acG;eufusm;onf wudefudefeSifh pl;pl;0g;0g; xatmfavawmhonf/ olwkd h ajcaxmufatmufrS acG;atmfoH wudefudef xGufvmaomtcg eSpfa,mufpvHk; ajrmufceJ aeatmif xckefjuawmhonf/ acG;onf ajumuftm;vef h tm;eSifh wdk;xGufavonf/ acG;oGm;&mvrf;wGifvnf; olwdk heSpfOD; ajcav;acsmif;onf ajrmufjuG ajrmufjuGeSifh &SKyf&Sufcwfaeonf/ acG;wpfaumifeSifh vleSpfa,muf xkwfqD;xdk;wrf; upm;aejuymefESifh wlaeavonf/ w0g;0g;&,faejuaom &,foHrsm;ajumifh acG;onf ajumufvef hwjum; twif;wdk;&if; udk&ifarmif ajcusif;0wfudk ymyfrdoGm;avonf/ ]acG;udkufygw,fqdkrS udk&ifarmifu wpfawmifavmufjrifhatmif 0kef;ceJ xckefao;w,f? aemufjyD; awmhrS ol hajcaxmufudk jyL;wl;jyJwJeJ hukef;junfhaew,f} ajcusif;0wfwGif aoG;rsm; pD;usaeaomfvnf; yg0grsm;vSaom rsufrSefjuD;ajumifh taotcsm jrifyHkr&acs/ acgif;udk qwfceJ jyefarmhum rsufrSefudk jzKwfjyD; ApfwmqDodk h vSrf;ay;avonf/ rsufrSef cGswfvdkufaom udk&ifarmifeSifh rsufeSmjyefwyfvdkufjuaom Apfwmwdk honf wpfOD;udk wpfOD; cyfajumif ajumif junfhaejuonf/ ESpfOD;pvHk; rsufrSefxlpeufajumifh wpfatmifhavmufjumaomtcgrS Apfwmonf tvef hwjum; xatmfavonf/ ]aymhaumif &ifarmif rif;ajcaxmufrSm aoG;awG} ]at;uG} udk&ifarmifonf trl;rajyao;ymeffeSifh rsufpdudk yGwf&if; cyfat;at; ajymavonf/ qdkifxJrS ausmif;om;rsm;onf xkdtcgusrS ajcaxmufrS aoG;udk owdxm;rdjuymefwlonf/ wpfa,mufwpfayguf ajym&if; 0dkif;vmjuonf/ a0a0eSifh twlxdkifaeaom ndKaxG;onf ol hpmtkyfjum;xJwGif nSyfxm;aom vufudkify0gtjzLav;udk xkwf,lvdkufonf/ aoG;rsm;udk vufjzifh oyfcsvdkufrnf ymefjyifaom udk&ifarmifxHodk hurf;ay;vdkufonf/ ]a&mh 'geJ hywfxm;? taqmifudkjyef? uma1mmfvpfqyfjymeJ htemudk aq;vdkuf? jyD;&if q&m0efudk oGm;jyOD;? acG;u &l;ae&if tcuf} ndKaxG;toHu wdk;wdk;av;yif jzpfonf/ wpfa,mufwpfayguf qlaejuolrsm;txJwGif ol h toHat;at;av;u jywfjywfom;om; xGufvmojzifhudk&ifarmifonf ndKaxG;vufudkify0g tjzLav; udk eSajrmovdk junfhaeonf/ csdKat;aomfvnf; wnfjidrfaeonfh ndKaxG; rsufeSmudk wpfcsuf armhjunfhjyD; ndKaxG; ajymovdk temudk cyfzGzG pnf;vdkufonf/
  • 24. rpE´m 23 ]uHudku ol h1muf az;aewmudk;? udk&ifarmifudk junfhwm ndKaxG;udk tawmfaus;Zl; wifoGm;yHk &w,f} ]igwdk hudku nHhwm? igwdk hvJ vufudkify0gay;ekdifom;yJ? owdawmif r&1ml;} armfarmfonf ajym&if;&,faeonf/ cspfjrm;&Sif ndKaxG;onf tcGifhomcdkufwGifav;nSdK hudk wpfcsuf wD;cwfvkdufjyefjyD xifonf/ ndKaxG;wD;aom av;nSdK hoHuav;rsm;onf nifomvGef;ojzifh a1m;vlrsm; yif vHk;0&dyfrdedkifymef rwlacs/ ]oJwpfrSKef hESpfrSKef hoHk;cJhjyefjyDxifyg&J h? ymkwfvm; ndKaxG;} jyHK;jyHK;av; cifcsdKu ar;aomtcg ndKaxG;onf acgif;cgjyavonf/ jyHK;&Tifaeaom ndKaxG; rsufeSmoG,foG,fav;rSm tjypfuif;vSonf/ ]'Dwpfcg wu,fapwemeJ hay;vdkufwmyg cifcsdK&,f? nKdaxG;xGifwm rymkwfyg1ml;} ndKaxG; wu,fajymjcif; jzpfymefwlonf/ rmea&mif oef;aewwfaom rsufvHk;ndKuav; rsm;wGif u&kPma&mif vJhvJhudk cifcsdK &SmawG hoa,mif xifrdonf/ * * *
  • 25. *sDa[mol 24 (8) ]cifcsdKa& x x} a0a0onf cifcsdK hudk omomav; vSKyfEddSK;onf/ we*FaEGae hrdk hpdwf&Sdvuf&Sd tdyfvdkufrnfymk pdwful;xm;aom cifcsdKonf rajureyfjzihf vl;vGef h&if; rsufvHk; zGifhvdkuf&onf/ ]eSif;awGrS trsm;juD;yJ? tkyfqkdif;aewmyJ? xjunfhprf;yg} tdyf,mrS rxao;1mJ tjyif1mufodk harSsmfjunfhvdkufonf/ eSif;jrLrsm;onf rdk;aygufuav;rsm; ozG,f wzGJzGJ usaeonf/ cifcsdKonf xdktcgrS tdyf,mrS vl;vJxjyD; tcef;tjyif1muf xGufvmrdonf/ eHeufajcmufem&Dcef h&SdjyDjzpfaomfvnf; ae0ef;onf vHk;0 rxGufjyLekdifao;acs/ eSif;jzLjzL rsm;u tkyfqkdif;xm;onf/ taqmifta&S h1muf a1mmvHk;uGif;xJudkyif taotcsm rjrif&/ ]at} taqmifudkrl a&;a&;av; jrif&avonf/ xrif;pm;aqmifeSifh ausmif; aq;&Hkudkvnf; rawG h&acs/ t&yf&SpfrsufeSm tukefvHk; eSif;rsm;eSifh rSKefrSdKif;aeonf/ ]ym,f aumif;vdkufwm? odyfaumif;wmyJ} ndKaxG;onf ol htcef;0wGif &yf&if; atmfaeonf/ judk hukef;? tif;pdef1mufwGifvlaetdrfrsm;u jrdK h xJvdk rxlxyf1mJ usJyg;avonf/ atmufcHodyfonf;rSKenf;ojzifh eSif;jrLrsm;onf odyfodyf onf;onf; usavh&Sdonf/ ]awmpy,fawG oGm;cl;r,f} ndKaxG;? a0a0eSifh cifcsdKwdk hoHk;OD;om; rsufeSmudk uref;uwef;opfum tajy;xGufvmrdjuonf/ csrf;csrf;pD;pD; eSif;awmxJ wdk;jyD; arT;ysH hysH hpy,fyef;rsm;udk cl;,l&onfrSm aysmfp&m aumif;vSonf/ ]aym; 'dk hvJ vdkufr,f} cifcsdKwdk hudk jrifaomtcg rrcifonf usufvufp pmtkyfudk ypfcsjyD; tajy;tvTm; vdkufvmonf/ *sDaymmaemuf1mufwGif ukef;jrifhuav;eSifh vSdsKrsm; &Sdonf/ xkdukef;jrifhwGif awmpHy,fyifrsm; EG,f,Suf aygufaejuonfh rSdKif;a0aom eSif;rSHKrsm;eSifhtwl py,fyGifh jzLjzLrsm;onf azG;aeatmif yGifhwwfavonf/ twefi,f vljywfojzifh cifcsdKwdk h eHeufapmapmwGif wpfOD;p? eSpfOD;p roGm;&Jjuay/ vltkyfaumif;vSsif tzGJ hvdkuf yef;cl;xGufjuonf/
  • 26. rpE´m 25 ]ym,f trsm;juD; trsm;juD;yJ? azG;aewmyJ} a0a0onf jzLazG;El;nHhaom py,fyGifhrsm;udk avm1mwjuD; cl;&if; atmfaeonf/ awmifukef; uav;u odyfrjuD;aomfvnf; py,fyifrsm;onf ymkdem;wpfpk? onfem;wpfpk eSifh tawmfrsm;onf/ py,fyifcsnf;yif jzpfaomfvnf; trsdK;tpm;u rwlacs/ wcsdK hpy,f rsm;onf yGifhzwfcGsefcGsefav;rsm; jzpfonf/ tcsdK honfum; ao;ao; ekyfekyfav;rsm; jzpfonf/ tcsdK honf yGifhzwf0dkif;eSifh eSpfxyfpy,frsm; jzpfavonf/ py,fawmifukef; a&mufonfeSifh ymdkjcHKajy;? onfjcHKajy; cl;rekdifatmif jzpfawmhonf/ ]ymJh cifcsdK jcHKxJ odyfrwkd;eJ h? ajrGyg; uif;yg;vJ owdxm;OD;? a0a0ua&m urf;yg;&HudkwG,fraeeJ h OD;? rsufpda&S hu yef;awGyJ ukefatmif cl;ygOD;? ndKaxG; vSsdKxJ rqif;eJ h} rrcifonf ol h0goemtwkdif; ymdkatmfonfatmfeSifh yef;rsm;udk rJcl;aeonf/ eSif;rsm;ydkí odyfonf; vmonf/ eSif;pufeSif;rSHKrsm;onf pdk&TJaeaom py,fyifrsm; jum;xJwGif wdk;a0S h aeonfh cifcsdKwdk honf vnf; tusF DvHkcsnfrsm; pkdukefawmhonf/ eSif;rSHKrsm;wifum vef;pGifhaeonfh yef;jzLav;rsm;onf arT;judkif oif;ysH hvSonf/ yef;tzl;rsm;aom tcdkifav;rsm;qkdvSsif cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; rcl;&ufjuacs/ vufusef tzl; enf;jyD; tyGifhrsm;avvSsif tcdkifvdkuf cl;onf/ tzl;rsm;aom tcdkifqdkvSsif tyGifhvdkuf acGscl;onf/ a0a0onf yef;cl;&if; wpfzufuvnf; acGacgufxm;aom qHyifwGif yef;cdkifrsm; xdk;pdkufyefqifaeonf/ awmifwpfcuf ajrmufwpfcuf jzpfovdk a0aeatmif yefqifxm;onf/ ]aym; awmfa&maygh? 'Davmuftrsm;juD;&aerS? wpfaqmifvHk;awmif a0vdk h&w,f awmfa&maygh} rrcifu avmaqmfaomtcgrS cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; py,fukef;rS rcGmcsif cGmcsif cGmvmcJhju&onf/ vufxJwGif pHy,fyef;rsm; wayG hwydkuf&xm;aomfvnf; tyifwGif usefaeao;onfh yef;av;rsm;udk oHa,mZOf tjrSifrjywfedkif1mJ vufvSrf;rDorSs cl;csifaeao;onf/ ]eSif;awG ydkawmif rsm;vmao;w,f? ausmif;1mufu pG,fawmfawGyg oGm;cl;ju&atmif} a&ajrmif;av;udk ckefausmf&if; ndKaxG;u ajymavonf/ ndKaxG; wpfacgif;vHk; yef;awG a0ae onf/ rsufawmifaumhwGif eSif;pufav;rsm; wGJ&GJcdkaeavonf/ tusF DjzLjzLav;onfum;aywl;aeonf/ xkdtcgrS cifcsdKvnf; udk,fhudk,fudk junfhrdonf/ zHkrsm;ayaeaom opf&Gufay:wGif eSif;pufrsm;usjyD; pdkaepOf jcHKwdk;cJhjuojzifh cifcsdKwdk h wpfudk,fvHk; zHkeSifha& a&mokwfxm;ovdk aywl;wl; jzpfaejuavonf/ ]at; pG,fawmfawGyg oGm;cl;&atmif} rrcifu axmufcHonfhtwGuf cifcsdKwdk hwpfzGJ hvHk; taqmifudk rjyefjzpfao;1mJ ausmif;taemuf 1mufrS ywfjyD; avSsmufvmrdjuonf/ cifcsdKwdk hausmif;onf uHhaumfawmymk rwifpm;edkifaomfvnf; pG,fawmf&dyfndKymk qdkygu qdkekdifonf/ cifcsdKwdk h yxreSpfu eSpfvTmaygif;rS wpf&Gufjzpfaom pG,fawmf &Gufav; rsm;udk cl;jyD;? pmtkyfjum;wGif nSyf&if; &l;cJhjuao;onf/ c&rf;&ifha&mif? yef;&ifha&mif pG,fawmf yef; av;rsm;udk twef; tul;tajymif; oGm;&if; vm&if; cl;jyD yefwwfjuonf/ ]ym 1mmvkyfwmvJ? rda0a0aemf jyefay; jyefay;} &lyaA'Xmeem;odk hta&mufwGif tvpfacsmif;aeaom a0a0onf rrcifvufxJrS yef;rsm;udk qwfceJ qGJvk&if; xGufajy;avawmhonf/
  • 27. *sDa[mol 26 ]ighyef;awG jyefay; rda0a0 tpkwfyvkwfrav;} ol wyifwyef; cl;vmorSs tukefygoGm;ojzifh rrcifonf aqG haqG hckefaeonf/ tpoefovdk tajy;oefaom a0a0onf eSif;awmxJodk hwymkefxdk; ajy;onf/ yg;pyfrSvnf; ]tysdKjuD;awG ymdkymmr&vdk h vrf;ay: rwfwyfckef py,fyef;awGvJ ukef *sDaymmaqmifjuD;wkef aAxHk aAxHk} ymk &,farm&if; aygufu& atmfoGm;onf/ rrcifonfvnf; vHkcsnfwkdwkd jyif0wf&if; atmfum ympfumeSifh ajy;vdkufavawmhonf/ ausmif;ydwf&uf eHeuf apmapm eSif;rsm; xlxyfcsddefrddk holwdk htoHrSty wpfausmif;vHk; wdwfqdwfaeonf/ vl&dyfol&dyfvnf; rjrif&? vloHolvHvnf; rjum;&/ ]atmifrav;awmh 1mk&m;u,fyg} 1mmrSs rjumvdkuf? rdepf0ufyif &Sdrnf rxif? rrcif atmfoHeSifhtwl vJjydKoHudk jum;&awmh onf/ aemuf1mufrS ajy;vdkufvmaom ndKaxG;eSifh cifcsdKwdk honf a1mmif;1mDwdkav;0wfum av;zuf axmufvsufom; jzpfaeaom 'o*D&dwdk hudk awG h aomtcg r&,f1mJ raeedkifawmhacs/ reufapmapm xjyD; tajy;usifhaom'o*D&donfurl;&SL;xkd;ajy;vdkufaomrrcifeSifha&Smifomwdrf;omaom vrf;us,fwGif ra&Smifedkif rwdrf;ekdif wnfhwnfhjuD; wdk;rdjuymef wlonf/ ]ajomf 'o*D&d} ]cifAsm} rrcifonf ol ha&S hwGif av;zufaxmifaeoltm; junfhum y#doE¦m&pum;qdkavonf/ ol hudk 'o*D&dymk 1mGJ hxl;emrfxl;ay;xm;onfudk rod&Smaom wpfzufom;crsmrSmawmh em;vnfedkifymef rwlacs/ ]1mmjzpfjuwmvJ} a0a0onf &lyaA'Xmeatmuf1muf avSum;rS jyHK;usJusJeSifh xGufvmonf/ avSum;atmufwGif 0ifykef;aejyD; qlqlnHnH jum;rS raeedkif1mJ xGufvmymef &Sdonf/ a0a0hudk jrifaomtcgrS 'o*D&donf owd0ifvmovdk uref;uwef; rwfwyf&yfvkdufavonf/ ]tymJ 'DtoHawG jrifzl;ygw,fvdk hawmh txifom;} 'o*Dd&donf yGef;oGm;aom 'l;udk yGwf&if; ta,mifa,mif trSm;rSm; ajymonf/ a1m;wGif tapmifh ta&Smuf oHkh;a,mufawmifygavawmh a0a0onf tawmfowådaumif;avonf/ ]a0a0uvJ a&S huajy;vmwJhol jum;zl;ygw,fvdk hxifaewm} a0a0onf &,foHav;eSifh ajymaomtcgrS 'o*D&donf ol pum;ajymrSm;oGm;jcif;udk &dyfrdymef &Sdonf/ rsufeSmwpfckvHk; &JceJ jzpfoGm;avonf/ ]oGm;OD;r,f} ymk eSKwfquf&if; wcsdK;wnf; vpfavawmhonf/ ]rSwfyvm;ym 'o*D&d} a0a0onf &,foHav;eSifh judrf;avonf/cifcsdKurl'DwpfcgwGif'o*D&d1mufrSvdkufí ajymjzpfonf/
  • 28. rpE´m 27 ]ajomf a0a0&,f 'o*D&dvJ tonf;eSvHk;awmh &Sdygw,f vludk rcifayr,fh eSvHk;om;udkawmh todtrSwfjyKoifhygw,f} ]rjyKeJ ha0a0 roem;eJ hrjuifemeJ h? oem;wwfwJh rdef;uav;ymm tcspfyGJrSm ppfcif;jupwrf;qdk&if wyef;&SHK;jyDom rSwfayawmh} ndKaxG;onf rrcif acgif;rS jyKwfusoGm;aom yef;uav;rsm;udk ulaumufay;&if; ajymonf/ ndKaxG;rsufeSmwpfzufodk hvSnfhaeojzifh rmea&mif 0if;aeoavm? u&kPm&dyforf;aeoavm? rcHcsif pdwfeSifh x,faeoavm? cifcsdK taotcsm rodacs/ ndKaxG;onf olpm;rnfh rkef hwGif yk&Gufqdwfrsm; wufaevSsifyif wpfaumifcsif; jznf;jznf;oufom z,favh&Sdonf/ cyfjurf;jurf; z,fxkwfvdkufygu aoajuukefrnfpdk;aomajumifh jzpf/ yk&Gufqdwfudkyif tom;vGwfrowf&ufaom ndKaxG;onf roem; eJ hymk a0a0hudk oifwef;ay;aomtcg cifcsdK &,fcsifonfum; trSefyif/ ndKaxG;onf rmejuD;onfeSifhtrSs u&kPmvnf; juD;onfudk cifcsdKwdk h aumif;aumif; odaomajumifh jzpfonf/ * * *
  • 29. *sDa[mol 28 (9) ]ndKaxG;} toHu cyfwdk;wkd;yif jzpfonf/ odk haomf udk&ifarmif toHrSef; cifcsdK rSwfrdojzifh vSnfhjunfh rdonf/ udk&ifarmifonf cifcsKdwkd hem;odk hoGufoGufavSsmufvmonf/ aumf&pf'gvloGm;vrf;wGifvltoGm; tvm &SKyfaeojzifh cifcsdKwkd honf a1m;1mufodk huyfjyD; &yfaevdkufjuonf/ ]vufudkify0gav; jyefay;rvdk hyg} tem;a&mufaomtcgrS jyHK;í ajymonf/ jyHK;vdkufaomtcg udk&ifarmifhrsufeSmonf eke,foGm; onf/ cifcsdKwdk hxifoavmuf toufjuD;yHk r&acs/ ]tJ'Dae hu uGsefawmfeJ hApfwm aemufajymifjyD; twwfqef; juwm? acG;udkufvdk haowJh romrsm; ay:&ifawmh 1m,folrS oem;rSm rymkwf1ml;aemf} tdwfxJrS vufudkify0gav;udkrl w&dkwao xkwfay;onf/ tuste jyefavSsmfjyD; rD;yljyef h jyef h wdkufxm;ymef &Sdavonf/ ]acG;&l;aq; xdk;ao;vm;} ndKaxG;onf trSwfwrJhyif vufudkify0gav;udk pmtkyfjum; nSyfvdkufjyD; ar;onf/ cifcsdKwkd ha&S h qufjyD; avSsmufcJhaomtcg udk&ifarmifvnf; vdkufvmonf/ ]acG;u taumif;yJAsm? ol hcrsm rsufpdaemufvGef;vdk hudkufwmyg} udk&ifarmifu roufrom ajymaomtcgwGif cifcsdKa&m ndKaxG;yg tm;rem edkif1mJ jyHK;&,frd juavonf/ ndKaxG;u &,faomtcg udk&ifarmif rsufeSmonf &SufaoG;rTef;ovdk eDoGm;onf/ xkd h aemufrS vdkufa&mjyD; wymm;ymm; &,fawmhonf/ cifcsdKwdk hausmif;atmuf1mufrS tjzwfwGif armfarmfwdk hudk awG h&onf/ pmtkyfawG wayG h wydkufeSifh pmtkyfqkdifrS jyefvmjuymef &Sdonf/ pum;ajym&if; avSsmufvmaom cifcsdKwdk h oHk;OD;udk awG h aomtcg rsufvHk;av;rsm; jyL;oGm;juonf/ udk&ifarmifudk wpfvSnfh? ndKaxG;udk wpfvSnfh rodrom junfh&if; tuJcwfaejuaom olwdk heSpfOD;udk junfh&if; cifcsdK &,fcsifvmonf/ eSpfOD;om; a&S hquf ravSsmuf1mJ aemufajumif;jyefjyD; ndKaxG;em; uyfvmavonf/
  • 30. rpE´m 29 ]temaysmufjyDvm;} armfarmfonf tpr&Sd tqHk;r&Sd1mJ jAKef;ceJ ESKwfqufvdkufonf/ ]ajomf ymkwfuJ aysmufygjyD} ]1mmaq;xnfhao;vJ} rSefrSefavSsmufaeaom ndKaxG;eSifh udk&ifarmiftjum;odk ha0a0a&m armfarmfyg uef hvef h uef hvef h 0ifvmjuonf/ ndKaxG;onf rodromav;jyHK;í a1m;odk hcsJay;avonf/ tom;vGwfjuD; omoemvdkuf zsufonfudk ajrGajrGcsif;rdk hajcjrifymef &Sdonf/ ukd&ifarmifurl ol hudk wpfcgrS azmfazmfa&Ga&G eSKwfrquf zl;aom a0a0wdk hwawG azmfa&GyHkqefk;aeí tHhjoaeyHk &onf/ armfarmfeSifh a0a0 atmifjrifaeonfymk qkd&avrvm;awmh rodygacs/ udk&ifarmifeSifh ndKaxG;onf qufjyD; pum;ajymcGifhr&onfum; trSefyif/ vrf;cGJa&mufjyD; eSKwfqufjuonftxda0a0eSifh armfarmfwkd h om a&yufr0if pum;ajymjuavonf/ ]armfarmfwdk hudk ndKaxG; aus;Zl;wifvdkufwm} ]ymif 1mmjyKvdk hvJ} ]ndKaxG; udk&ifarmifeJ hpum;&Snf&Snf rajymcsifao;1ml;? a0a0wkd ha&mufvmawmh tawmfaygh} ]ymif 1mmjyKvdk h} ]ajomf a0a0&,f? ppfyGJqdkwm trsdK;rsdK; &Sdw,f? xdk;ppf &Sdw,f? cHppf &Sdw,f? qkwfppf &Sdw,f} ndKaxG;onf udk&ifarmif oleSifh pum;&Snf&Snf ajymcsifonfudk odojzifh rodromav; qkwfvkd ymef &Sdonf/ wpfzufu qkwfvSsif vl ho1mm0t& wpfzufu wufpjrJyifwnf;/ odk haomf xdk;rnfhqif aemufodk hwpfvSrf;qkwfavh&Sdonfudk cifcsdKu jrifaeonf/ olwdk huysuf,ysuf vkyfcgrS ndKaxG;u tjudkufusjyD; aus;Zl;wifygonfymk qdkojzifh a0a0wdk h eSpfOD;om; tawmfyif pdwfysufvufysuf jzpfoGm;juavonf/ olwdk heSpfOD; 0ifa&mjcif;onf ndKaxG;udk wifay;ovdk jzpfaerSef; ,ckrSyif &dyfrdymef &Sdonf/ ]cHayghymm} armfarmfonf ol hezl;udk ol&dkuf&if; &,favawmhonf/ ol h&,foHu us,fojzifh a1m;rS jzwfoGm; olrsm;u junfhoGm;aom tcg yg;pyfudk uref;uwef; ydwfvdkufonf/ taqmifwGif aqmhvSaemufvS aomfvnf; taqmiftjyifa&mufvSsif olawmfaumif; ozG,f £ajE´q,favh&Sdonf/ ]rajymr&SdeJ haymh} cifcsdKwdk hav;OD;om; a,musfm;av;taqmifem;rS tjzwfwGif taqmifxufrS armif;uGJjuD; xkovdk toHukefatmfavonf/ rdef;uav;rsm; jzwfvSsif wpfaqmifvHk;ukef? a&csdK;cef;xJrS vlyg rsufeSm okwf y0gywfjyD; xGufjunfhavh&SdjuonfrSm pufrSK ausmif;om;wdk htusifhjzpfonf/ cifcsdKwdk hausmif; a&mufpu ]rajymr&SdeJ h} toHjum;vSsif ajcvSrf;trSm;rSm;eSifh acgif;ikH hum tjrefavSsmufwwfjuaomfvnf;
  • 31. *sDa[mol 30 ,cktcgwGifum; ta&xlaejujyD jzpfí wpfaqmifvHk; ruvdk h1m,feSpfa,muf 0dkif;atmfatmf £ajE´rysuf juawmh? rajumufjuawmhay/ ]odjua&maygh? armfarmf rSefajymif;wpfvufavmuf &atmif &SmOD;r,f} armfarmfonf wdk;wdk;av; judrf;vdkufonf/ rdef;uav;taqmifudk rSefajymif;eSifh junfhavh &Sdonfqdkí cifcsdKwdk htukefvHk; txdwfxdwf tvef hvef hjzpfcJhju&onf/ a,musfm;av; taqmifudkvnf; tjyeftvSef rSefajymif;eSifh acsmif;vdkaom qE´ tm;vHk;wGif &Sdjuavonf/ * * *
  • 32. rpE´m 31 (10) ]cifcsdKa& 'DrSm junfhprf;} armfarmfonf cifcsdKtcef;wGif;odk hcyfoGufoGuf vSrf;0ifvmonf/ ol hvufxJrS rSefajymif;juD;udk axmifjyavonf/ 1m,fuae 1m,fvdkrsm; &atmif&SmvmcJhavonf rod&acs/ armfarmfh aemuf1mufrS a0a0onf jyHK;pyfpyfeSifh vdkufvmonf/ ]1m,folrS rajymeJ haem} ]at;yg rajymyg1ml;} rdef;uav;awG rSefajymif;wpfvufeSifh a,musfm;av;aqmif1mufodk hjunfhjuonfymlaom owif; udkom taqmifrSL;jum;oGm;vSSsif cifcsdKwdk hwawG oufomrnf rymkwfacs/ xkd hajumifhvnf; a0a0wkd h onf pdwfcs,Hkjunfavmufaom cifcsdKwkd hvlpkavmufom rSefajymif;&Sdajumif; todcHjcif;jzpfymefwlonf/ odk haomf ol hrSefajymif;juD;onf q,fh&Spf&mpku xkwfvkyfcJhaom rSefajymif;jzpfymefwlonf/ a&S;acwf &kyf&Sif um;rsm;xJwGif yifv,f"m;jyrsm; oHk;aom wpfzufjunfhrSefajymif; &SnfjuD;jzpfonf/ ]aym; ymkd;taqmifay:u tusF Dt0gav;eJ hausmif;om;udk junfh&atmif} taqmif ]1mD} tay:qHk;xyfwGif tusF Dt0geSifh &yfaeaom ausmif;om;wpfOD;udk OD;pGm rsufrSef; wef;rdonf/ vlymefudk jrifae&aomfvnf; tawmfuGmvSrf;ojzifh vlvHk;roJuGJacs/ rnfol rnf0grSef; rSef;qí r&acs/ ]yxrqHk; rSefajymif;udkk jidrfaeatmif csddef&r,f} q,fh&Spf&mpkeSpfu rSefajymif;udk toHk;rjyKwwfaom cifcsdKudk a0a0onf rSefajymif;junfhenf; oifay;avonf/ ukvm;xdkifaemufrSDay:wGif acgif;tHk;rsm; ckwifum rSefajymif;udk wifjyD; udk,fjunfhvdk &m1mufokd hOD;pGmcsdef&avonf/ tay:wdk; atmufqkwf? 1m,fa&T hnma&T hESifh csdefrdaomtcgwGif rSefajymif; udk ra&G h&Sm;ap&ef acgif;tHk;rsm;eSifh ckjyD; xdef;xm;vdkuf&onf/ xkd haemuf rSefajymif;udk rxdawmh1mJ a&S h 1mufrS rSef1mDvl;udkom csdefom;udkufatmif wjznf;jznf; vSnfhay;&avonf/ rsufpdwpfzufwnf; junfhae&onfhtwGuf tm;aeaom 1m,f1mufrsufpdudk vuf0g;eSifh tkyfxm;&onf/ olwdk hrSefajymif; juD;udk toHk;jyK&onfrSm tawmfyifyef;vSonf/ ]aymm-aymm-junfvmjyD? junfvmjyD? jrif&jyD? aymm-aymmawmh-tJ'g apmndK&,f}
  • 33. *sDa[mol 32 nmzufrsufpd wpfzufwnf;jyL;xGufvmrwwf tyef;wjuD; junfhae&SmaomcifcsdKonftusF Dt0g eSifh rif;om;udk taotcsmawG haomtcg yufvufvefoGm;avonf/ apmndKonf cifcsdKwdk hXmerS ausmif;om;jzpfonf/ XmewGif rawG hcsiftqHk; tcsdefjynfh awG hae&oludkrS tyef;wjuD; rSefajymif;eSifh rsufpdprf;rdavojzifh cifcsdK idkcsif&,fcsif jzpfoGm;onf/ xkd hajumifh rSefajymif;pjumudk tenf;i,f a&T hay; vdkufonf/ ]tJ-tJ-'Dwpfcgawmh tom;jzLw,f? 'Drif;om;u a&csdK;jyD;p xifw,f? tusF Dr0wf& ao;1ml;} ]1m,folvJ-1m,folvJ} ]rod1ml;? jrifawmhjrifzl;w,f} cifcsdKwdk honf ausmif;wuf&ifhvSjyD jzpfaomfvnf; wpfausmif;vHk;&Sd ausmif;om;rsm;udk tukef rodacs/ tukefrajymeSifh? av;yHkwpfyHkyif odrnfrxif? wpf0ufavmufudkawmh jrifzl;awG hzl; rsufrSef;wef; rdonf xifonf/ ]tm-'Dvluawmh wpfrsdK;? tcef;tjyifxGufjyD; acgif;zD;aew,f? atmifrm-atmifrm- acgif;zD;&if; jyHK;aew,f? aymm-atmfaew,f? wpfckck atmfaew,f? aumifrav;awG jzwfoGm;vdk hxifw,f? rSwfxm;? rSwfxm;? 'DrsufeSmawmhvm;? *sDaymma&S ha&muf&if taoyJ} cifcsdK hvufrS rSefajymif;udk vkjyD; junfhaeaom a0a0onf yg;pyfrS wwGwfwGwf ajymaeonf/ cifcsdK hvdk wkefwkefcsdcds rymkwf1mJ wpfzufjunfhrSefajymif;udk usifvnfpGm csdefwwfavonf/ *sDaymmaqmifonf ,cifu q&mrsm; aexdkif&ef &nf&G,fcJhjcif;jzpfonfymk qdkonf/ xkd hajumifh tcef;rsm;onf us,fjyD; vif;vSonf/ tcef;wdkif;wGif a&csdK;cef; tdrfom wpfckpD ygonf/tvif; a&mifeSifhav aumif;pGm&jyD; aeí aumif;vSaomfvnf; wHcg;udk zGifhxm;vSsif tcef;wGif;odk hvif;vif; csif;csif; wef;jrif&onfuawmh cufvSonf/ a&csdK;jyD;p xrdef&ifvsm;eSifh ausmif;olrsm;? tdyf&may:wGif ajcaxmufaxmif tdyfaeolrsm;onf ausmif;om;rsm; rSefajymif;'Pfudk rjumcP cH&&Smonfymk tqkd &Sdavonf/ a0a0wdk hu rSefajymif;wpfvufeSifh *vJhpm;acsaejuajumif;om armifausmif;om;wkd hodvSsif ymm;wkdufí &,favrvm;? pdwfysufvufysuf nnf;avrvm;? cifcsdK aumif;pGm rawG;wwfacs/ ]t,f-t,f-'Dwpfa,mufu rSefajymif;juD;eJ h? *sDaymm1mufudk junfhaew,f? tm;-a0a0wdk h1muf udk junfhaewm? tif-tif-t,f-aoygjyD? 'o*D&djuD;awmh} a0a0onf rSefajymif;juD;udk jAKef;ceJ vTwfcsvdkufavonf/ rSefajymif;juD;w0if;0if;eSifh rsufvHk; csif; pum;ajymvdkuf&onfhtwGuf rsufeSmuav;rSm jzLwpf0uf? eDwpf0uf jzpfaeonf/ ]ao ym} rarmfonf ymufymufyufyuf &,f&if; tcef;wHcg;udk wGef;ydwfvkdufonf/ olcdk; olcdk;csif; wpfOD; eSifh wpfOD; qHkaomtcg vef hjzef hjyD; atmfjuonfymk jum;zl;onf/ a0a0h tjzpfonfvnf; xdktjzpfeSifh wlrnf rxifyg/ ]a0a0hudk rSefajymif;juD;junfh&ufeJ hawG hoGm;rSmawmh}
  • 34. rpE´m 33 ]ymvdk-eSra':? armifa':vJ rSefajymif;juD;eJ hygyJ? udp rpd1ml;? r&SufygeJ heSra':vdk h vSrf;ajymwm rjum;vdkuf1ml;vm;} ymufymufyufyuf &,faeaom armfarmfhudk a0a0onf ajumifpDpDav; junfhaeonf/ xdk haemuf acgif;tHk;juD;udk qGJum 'kef;'dkif;eSifh udkifaygufavawmhonf/ acgif;tHk;wpfvHk;jyD; wpfvHk; udkifayguf&if; ol hymmol raeedkif1mJ &,favawmhonf/ ]at;ym,f-juHjuHzefzef jzpf&w,f} rSefajymif;eSifh qufjunfh&ef tjuHudk vufavSsmhvdkufjuonf/ tcef;xJrS csufcsif;rxGuf&Jao; aomajumifh cifcsdKwdk hckwifay:wGif pkxdkifrdjuavonf/ ajymrdajym&m pyfrdpyf&m ajymaeju&if; a0a0 onf cifcsdK hvufudk qGJjunfhavonf/ vu©Pm ta&;tajumif;rsm;udk em;vnfymefeSifh taotcsm junfhaeonf/ ]a0a0-eifwu,fvJ rwwf1mJeJ h} ]enf;enf;yg;yg;awmh odygw,f} ymdkpyfpyf 'Dpyfpyf 0goemygaom a0a0onf vu©Pmudkvnf; tenf;tyg; junfhwwfonfqkd onfrSm jzpfekdifayrnf/ ]aym;-1mmvkyfaejuwmvJ? atmifr,f-a0a0u vu©Pmjunfhwwfvdk hvm;? ndKaxG;udk junfhay; prf;yg} ndKaxG;onf tcef;xJ vSrf;0ifvmonf/ a0a0ha&S hwGif vuf0g;av;jzef h&if; junfhcdkif;aomtcg jyHK;usJusJeSifh ajymavonf/ ]ndKaxG; wu,f0goemygovm;} ]'gaygh} ]rarmfwkd hwpfcgjukd hukef;&GmxJrSm ar;zl;w,f? ukvm;t1mkd;juD; odyfrSefwmyJ} ]ym,f-ndKaxG; ar;csifvdkufwm} ]tm;wJhae hajymav? vkdufydk hay;r,f} ol hudk tuJcwfymefeSihf junfhaeaom a0a0tm; armfarmfonf rsufpdwpfzufrSdwfjy vdkufonfudk cifcsdK &dyfceJ jrifvdkuf&onf/ wpfckckawmh wpfckckyJ jzpfrnf/ 1mmwpfckrSef;awmh cifcsdK taotcsm rodacs/ * * *
  • 35. *sDa[mol 34 (11) 1mmwpfckckrSef;rodí cifcsdK hpdwfxJwGif paemifhpeif;jzpfaeaomfvnf; nKdaxG;u aA'ifoGm;ar;& atmifymk tazmfpyfaomtcg vdkufjzpfavonf/ rSwfrSwf&& xdkae honf vjynfhae hjzpfonfymk cifcsdK rSwfrdonf/ ausmif;ydwf&ufjzpfojzifh cifcsdKeSifh ndKaxG;onf eHeufapmapmwGif armfarmfOD;aqmif&m aemufokd hwaumufaumufvdkufvmjuavonf/ a0a0eSifh armfarmfonf judk hukef;&Gmav;xJwGifawmh wu,fhudk uGsrf;usifvSonf/ wpfcgwpf&H &GmxJwGif wpfaeukefavSsmufvnfae havh&Sdonf/ judk hukef;&Gm xJrS vmjyD; cifcsdKwkd htaqmifa&S hwGif qD;oD;? iSufaysmoD;? aumufnSif;aygif;ponfwkd hudk a&mif;aom aps;onfuav;rsm;eSifhvnf; i,faygif;juD;azmfozG,f cifrifvSonf/ acsmifjudkacsmifjum;rS tajumfqdkif? rkef hymif;cg;qdkif tukefvHk; olwkd hodvnf; odekdifvSonf/ ]a0a0yg&if aumif;rSmaemf} ]at;uG,f-'Dae hrS ol hta':uvnf; qGrf;auGs;&Sdw,fwJh} armfarmfonf pdwfysufvufysuf ajymonf/ ol hjunfh&onfrSm a0a0rygojzifh odyfjyD; pdwfygvSyHk r&acs/ pum;tcH&Sdaomajumifhom vdkufydk h&jcif; jzpfymef wlonf/ ]OD;&efuem; &SdrS&Sdyghhrvm;awmif rod1ml;} ]OD;&efuem;wJhvm;} ]tif; armfarmfawmh ol hemrnfudk tJ'DvdkyJ jum;rdw,f xifwmyJ} ]emrnfu &,fp&mjuD;} ]vluvJ &,fp&maumif;w,f? 'gayr,fh oGm;r&,feJ h? olu vu©PmaA'ifomru1ml;? orxvJ aygufw,fwJh? olrsm;pdwfxJrSm jzpfwmudk tvdkvdk odw,fwJh} armfarmfhpum;udk cifcsdKwu,faxmufcHrdonf/ OD;&efuem;onf emrnfomru vlyg &,fp&m aumif; onfrSm trSefyif jzpf/ rnfolrnfrSs tom;rnf;onfqdkqdk OD;&efuem;avmufawmh rnf;ekdifrnf rxifacs/ aq;rnf;okwfxm;ovdk arSmifaeatmif rnf;onf/ qHyifudkrl qm'l;rsm; xHk;ovdk xdyfwnfhwnfhwGif a,mifaypl;ozG,f xHk;xm;onf/ OD;&efuem; qHyifonf jzef hcs vdkufygu ausmwpf0ufavmufawmh &Snfrnf xifonf/ a&Tudkif;rsufrSeft0dkif;av;onf ol htom;rnf;eJ hawmh vdkufzufoa,mif &Sdonf/ um;pGifhaeaom eSKwfcrf;arT;juD;onfum; yknSufaom cE¨mudk,fav;eSifh junfhraumif;vSay/ wpfjcm;pD
  • 36. rpE´m 35 jzpfaeovdk &,fp&maumif;aeonf/ oleSifh rwefwq yGaeaom &SyftusF Dudk vufju,foD;? &if1muf ju,foD; taphwyfjyD; 0wfxm;onf/ tusF DtjzLeSifh ydwfjzLvHkcsnf wdk hajumifh ol htom;rnf;rnf;rSm ydkí rnf;aeymef wlonfymk cifcsdKawG;rdavonf/ ausmufoifykef;wpfcsyfeSifh ymkdjcpfonfjcpf wGufaeaom OD;&efuem;onf r0Hr&J 0ifvmaom cifcsdKwdk htm; cyfpl;pl; vSrf;junfhonf/ ]&efuem; odw,fav? 'D-oli,fraemf? vu©Pmtm;juD; ar;csifw,f} cifcsdKwdk hwawG juHk hjuHk h,Hk h,Hk hav; xdkifjyD;juaomtcg pl;prf;ymefeSifh junfhaeaom ndKaxG;udk vufnSdK;xdk;í ajymvdkufonf/ emrnfeSifh vlom tcsdK;rusonfrymkwf? ol h toHuvnf; tcsdK;rusvS acs/ toHpl;pl;ao;ao;eSifh cyfav;av;ajymonf/ cifcsdKwdk htaqmifa&S hwGiftusF Daymmif;? vHkcsnfaymmif; eSifh yvwfpwpf ypönf;rsm; vmí vJavh &Sdaom ukvm;rsm; 0JyHkrsdK; 0Jojzifh cifcsdKwdk hawG hzl;aom aA'if q&mrsm;eSifh rwlonfum; trSefyif/ ]'D1mufu oli,frav;aemf? &efuem;udkjunfhjyD; &,fcsifaew,f? raumif;1ml;aemf? r&,fygeJ h? &efuem;pdwfqdk;&ifaemf ydkjyD; raumif;1ml; &Sdr,f} ]ymdkuf} aA'ifq&mudkjunfh&if; yvwfpwpf? ZvHk? cGuf? jcif;rsm; wxkyfwydk;eSifh vmavh&Sdaom ukvm;udk awG;xifjrifa,mifrdaom cifcsdKcrsm ymdkufceJ jzpfoGm;onf/ rsufarSmif rodrom csD&if; cifcsdK hudk cyfapmif;apmif;junfhaom OD;&efuem;onf pdwfwGif;udkvnf; xGif;azmufjrifedkifymef &Sdonf/ cifcsdK hausm xJwGif pdrfhceJ jzpfoGm;jyD; uref;uwef; £ajE´qnfvdkuf&onf/ ]&efuem; odw,fav? t*FgorD;vmyg? a&S hwkd;yg? nm1mufvuf0g;jyyg} ndKaxG;udk t*FgorD;ymk 'ufceJ ajymjyD; a&S hwkd;cdkif;onf/ ndKaxG;onf rsufvHk;uav; t0dkif;om; eSifh uref;uwef; a&S hwdk;um vuf0g;av;jzef hjyavonf/ ]oli,fraemf i,fi,fu tm;juD;aysmfw,f? armifeSr okH;a,muf&Sdw,faemf? oli,fru ti,fqHk;? rSefovm;} ]ymkwf ymkwfygw,f} ]tckavrd1mawGeJ hcGJae&w,f? oli,frtdrfudkowd&w,f?pdwfnpfw,faemfrnpfygeJ htm;vHk; aumif;w,f? ynma&; tm;juD;aumif;w,f? 1mGJ htjuD;juD; &r,faemf &efuem;udk rarhygeJ h? jrefrmjynfrSm wpfck&r,f ymdk;ta0;juD;rSm aemufxyf wpfck&r,f} ]ymkwfuJh} OD;&efuem;onf rsufrSef*dkif;udk udkifum vuf0g;jyifudk taotcsm iHk hjunfhonf/ tcsdK h ta&;tajumif; rsm;onfum; rxif&Sm;ymefeSifh vufeSifh yGwfjunfhonf/ vluom tymef h r&Sd1mJ &,fp&maumif;aeaomf vnf; ol hynmonf ao;yHkr&acs/ ]q,feSpfavmufwkef;uaemf? tjuD;tus,f aeraumif;jzpfzl;w,f? &efuem; odw,f ymkwfovm;}
  • 37. *sDa[mol 36 ]ymkwfygw,f &efuem; tJ tJ OD;&efuem;} ndKaxG;u tm;wufoa&m ajzavonf/ ndKaxG; i,fi,fu wdkufzGdKufjzpfí aq;&HkwufcJh&zl; onfh tajumif;udk cifcsdKwdk hodonf/ aymmorSs rSefí ,Hkjunfpdwf rsm;jym;vmonf/ OD;&efuem;onf cifcsdKwdk h1mufodk hrodrom apGjunfhjyD; acsmif;wpfcsuf ymef hvdkufonf/ ]armfarmf rajymvm;? OD;&efuem; u odyfrSefwm} ymk armfarmfonf wdk;wdk;av; ajymonf/ ]rmejuD;w,faemf raumif;1ml;? oli,frav tm;juD;rmejuD;w,f} rSefjyD;&if; rSefjyD;rdk hcifcsdKyif OD;&efuem;udk txifjuD;vmonf/ OD;&efuem;onf ndKaxG; 1m,f1muf vufz0g;udkyg jzef hcdkif;jyD; taotcsm junfhaeonf/ xdk haemuf acgif;udk 1m,fnm,rf; cgavonf/ OD;&efuem;a&S hwGif vuf0g;uav;eSpfzufjzef h&if; usHK husHK h av;xkdifaeaom ndKaxG;onf rsufvHk;av; 0dkif;oGm;avonf/ ]a,musfm;awGudk txifao;w,faemf? raumif;1ml; &Sdr,f? olwkd hawGeJ htrsm;juD; qufqHw,f? oli,fr tm;juD; 'ku©a&mifr,f} touf&SL&efyif cifcsdKwpfa,mufarhoGm;onfymk qdkygu ydkonfymk rxifrSwfapvdkyg/ 'ufceJ 'ufceJaeatmif rSefaeaom OD;&efuem;onf ndKaxG; tavmif;tpm;udkyif odaea&mhovm;ymk pOf;pm;aerdonf/ ol htoHpl;pl;ao;ao;av;onf jum;&wdkif; pdrfhceJ jzpfoGm;atmif tpGrf;xufvSonf/ ]olwdk hudk 'ku©jzpfatmif vkyfw,faemf raumif;1ml;? oli,fryg 'ku©rsm;rsm; jzpfr,f &efuem;ajymwm rSwfxm;yg} ndKaxG;rsufeSmav;onf qD;uif;cef hom &Sdawmhrnfxifonf/ rsufeSmi,fav;eSifh cifcsdKudkvSrf; junfh aomtcg oem;p&myif aumif;awmhonf/ OD;&efuem;onf ajym&if; aymm&if; pdwf0ifpm;vmovdk ae&mjyifxkdifjyD; ausmufoifykef;udk vSrf;,lum wukwfukwf wa*smufa*smufeSifh wGufcsufaeavonf/ ]ymif} cifcsdKonf cyfwdk;wdk; atmfvkdufrdonf/ ae&mjyifxkdif&if; wpf0ufwpfysuf ay:oGm;aom OD;&efuem; ajcovHk;om;rsm;onf jzL0if;aeonf/ ajczrdk;eSifh ajcusif;0wfonf tdk;rnf;u t1mac:& atmif t&pfvdkuf rnf;aejyD; ajcovHk;om;rsm; azG;azG;jzLaejcif;onfum; ,kwåd odyfjyD; rwefvSacs/ wpfpHkwpfckawmh rSm;,Gif;aeacsjyD/ ndKaxG;onf ausmufoifykef;av;udkom pl;pdkufjunfhaeojzifh OD;&efuem; ovHk;om; jzLjzLudk owdxm;rdymef rwlacs/ ]cifcsdK wdwfwdwfae &Sdcdk;yg&J h&Sdcdk;yg&J hcifcsdK&,f} cifcsdK pl;pkdufjunfhaeonfhae&mudk vdkufjunfhjyD; armfarmfonf rsufvHk;jyLl;oGm;onf/ cifcsdK h vufudk vSrf;qkwfjyD; wdk;wdk;av; awmif;yefaeavonf/ wusdwfusdwfjzpfaeaom toHrsm;ajumifh OD;&efuem;onf rodrom rsufvHk;apGjunfhaomtcg armfarmfonf toHrxGufatmif jyL;vdkuf? &GJ h vdkufeSifh yGpdyGpd ajym&if; ajcovHk;udk vufnSdK;xdk;jyaeavonf/ xkd hajumifh ndKaxG; rjrifrD OD;&efuem; jzLazG;aom ovHk;om;av;onf ydwfjzLvHkcsnfeSifh jyefvnf tkyfrdoGm;avonf/
  • 38. rpE´m 37 ]Ak'¨yml;om;eJ hqufqHw,faemf - trsm;juD; raumif;1ml;? oli,fcsif;awG tm;juD;rsm;w,f? aumif;aumif;ulnDr,f? rSwfxm;yg? 'Da1m;u oli,fraemf oleJ haygif;yg? tm;juD;ulnDwwfw,f? trsm; juD; pdwfaumif;&Sdw,f? &efuem; odw,f} OD;&efuem;onf cifcsdK hudkzm;aejyD/ tom;rnf;rnf;eSifh eSKwfcrf;arG; um;um;juD;udk awGawGa0a0 junfh&if; rsufarSmifjukwfaeaom cifcsdK htm; qdkif;rqifh AHkrqifh xí csD;usL;avonf/ ]olrsm;awG 'ku©jzpfatmifaemf? ol1m,fawmhrS rvkyf1ml;? olrsm; raumif;ajumif;aemf rajym1ml;? tomrsufpdrSdwfaew,f trsm;juD; pdwfaumif;w,f} ae hcsif;ncsif; olawmfaumif;jzpfoGm;aom cifcsdKtm; ndKaxG;onf av;av;pm;pm; vSnfhjunfh avonf/ xkdpOfwGif OD;&efuem;onf cifcsdK hudk qvHtxyfxyf ay;aeavonf/ ]ym,f - ym,f - a0 - a0 -&,f} cifcsdKonf pdwfxJrS atmfvdkufrdonf/ rsufeSmcsdKaoG;aeaom OD;&efuem;udk pdwful;xJwGif rsufrSefjzKwf? eSKwfcrf;arT;jzKwfjyD; junfhrdaom tcg aq;rnf;okwfxm;aom a0a0h&kyfudk a&;a&;rSs jrifa,mifvmonf/ wwfvnf; wwfedkifaom oli,frav; jzpfonf/ 0if'grD,mu ol hta':tdrfwGif qGrf;auGs;&SdonfqkdjyD; reuftapmjuD;uwnf;u xGufoGm;aom a0a0ymlonfh oli,frav;onf judk hukef;&GmxJu wJykwfi,fwGif rnf;rnf;wlwleSifh OD;&efuem;jzpfae vdrfhrnfymk cifcsdK vHk;0 rarSsmfvifhrday/ ndKaxG; tvpfwGif 'dk;qvH? wif;qvH ay;um toHwdwfawmif;yef&Smaom &efuem;udk junfh&if; cifcsdKonf &,fcsifvGef;ojzifh vSsmudk ememudkufxm;vdkuf&onf/ ]&efuem;aemf w&m;xkdif&OD;r,f? ar;jyD;&if jyefyg} &,fcsifpdwfudk twif;rsdKodyfxm;&ojzifh eD&Jvmaom cifcsdK rsufeSmudk junfhum OD;&efuem; trnfcH a0a0onf tawmfvef hvmymef &Sdonf/ ESKwfcrf;arT;vSKyfvSKyfjuD;udk rjyKwfap&ef vufeSifh zdxdef;xm;&if; eSifavawmhonf/ ]wpfckawmh ar;yg&apOD;} ndKaxG;onf wpfpHkwpfck ar;vdkymef &Sdao;onf/ odk haomf OD;&efuem;onf ndKaxG;udk pdwf0ifpm; edkifymef rwlawmhacs/ tvdrfay:jyD; ndKaxG; xwD;ygu 1m,ftaygufrS ajy;&rnfenf;ymk ajy;aygufudk &Smaeymef &Sdavonf/ ]w&m;tm;juD; xkdif&r,f? aemufus&ifaemf txufq&mjuD;rsm; pdwfqdk;w,f? jyefyg &efuem; w&m;tm;xkwf&r,f? jyefyg} OD;&efuem;u twGifom; eSifavonfhtwGuf ndKaxG;vnf; rjyefcsif jyefcsifeSifh x&avonf/ ]jyefvdkufygOD;r,f OD;a0uem;} ymk cifcsdKu pum;rSm;oa,mifa,mifeSifh eSKwfqufaomtcg eSkwfcrf;arT;um;um;juD;rsm;yif ukwfusoGm;oa,mif rsufeSmav;i,foGm;onf/ cifcsdKwdk htdrfay:rS qif;aomtcg OD;&efuem;trnfcH a0a0onf oufjyif;uav;csum ajcoHvHk; vHkatmif juHk hjuHk h av;xkdif&if; rsufawmifav; ykwfcwf ykwfcwfeSifh usefcJhavonf/ qHxHk;av;udk i,fxdyfwGif uspfuspfyg
  • 39. *sDa[mol 38 atmif xHk;jyD; eSKwfcrf;arT;juD; wvSKyfvSKyfeSifh &kyfysufqif;ysuf jzpfaeaom a0a0htm; cifcsdKonf aemufjyefvSnfhjunfh&if; £ajE´raqmifedkifawmh1mJ ymufymufyufyuf &,frdawmhonf/ tom;vGwf&,f aom cifcsdKudk ndKaxG;onf em;rvnfekdifovdk tai;om; junfhaeavonf/ ]wu,frSefw,faemf} ndKaxG;onf wtHhwjoeSifh wD;wdk;csD;usL;aomtcg armfarmfonf oHk;a,muf ,SOfavSsmufae&mrS rodrom aemuf1mufcsefae&pfonf/ &,foHxGufrnfpkd;í ol h yg;pyfudk ol vufeSifh tkyfxm;&if usdwfí &,faernfudk cifcsdK odygonf/ cifcsdKudk,fwdkifvnf; ndKaxG;udk rjunfhrd&ef rsufeSmvTJxm;&onf/ OD;&efuem;onf acsmvSygonf/ ndKaxG;uvnf; aygvSygonf/ &,fcsifpdwfudk rsdKodyfxm;ojzifh rsufeSmuav; eDaeaom armfarmfuvnf; tawmfyif pdwfarmoGm;ymef &Sdonf/ trSefw&m;udk ajymjy&efvnf; tcsdefapmao;onfymk cifcsdKxifygonf/ w&m;oljuD;vm1mfpm;onfymk qdkvSsifvnf; cH&ayawmhrnf/ ndKaxG;qDrS &aom ylaZmfaiG ig;usyfeSifh a0a0wkd hu acgufqGJajumf 0,fauGs;aomtcg cifcsdK rjiif;rqef pm;avonf/ * * *
  • 40. rpE´m 39 (12) ckwavm ndKaxG;tawmfajcjidrfaeavonf/ ausmif;rSefrSefwufum tcef;atmif;jyD; pmrSefrSef usufaeonf/ pum;juD; pum;us,fawGudkvnf; olrsm; tjrifuyfatmif rajymonfrSm tawmfjum acsjyD/ twef; tul;tajymif;wGif udk&ifarmifeSifh rjumcP qHkrdwwfjuonf/ ndKaxG;onf wwfedkifvSsif rsufeSmcsif;rqdkifrd&ef a&Smifavh&Sdonf/ rwwfomí &ifqdkifwdk;vSsif ryGifhwyGifh av; jyHK;um acgif;ikH h ypfwwfavonf/ ]ndKaxG; qkwfppfu w,faumif;ygvm;? udk&ifarmifawmh zef hwief hief hjzpfaejyD} cifcsdKwdk hvltkyfudkawG hwkdif; ndKaxG;udk rodrom &Smavh&Sdaom udk&ifarmif rsufvHk;rsm;udk OD;pGm owdxm;rdolrSm r0gjzpfonf/ qlnHqlnHeSifh aysmfaysmfyg;yg; aewwfaom ciffcsdKwdk h vlpkxJwGif at;at; aq;aq;jzpfaeaom ndKaxG;onf wpfrljcm;aeonf/ rSdefrSdefav;eSifh vif;aeaom ju,fav;ozG,f tm&Hk pll;pdkufpzG,f jzpfaeavonf/ ]ndKaxG;udk junfh&wm &ifxJrSm wpfrsdK;yJ? ol hrsufeSmav;ymm wnfvJwnfw,f at;vJ at;w,f rmefvJ &Sdw,f &TifvJ &Tifw,fAs} udk&ifarmifu vomaom nwpfnwGif vjynfh0ef;udk junfh&if; ajymonfymk wpfqifhpum; jum;&onf/ v0ef;wGif ndKaxG;rsufeSmav; xifymyfaejyDvm;ymk cifcsdK awG;rdonf/ av;rypf&ao;1mJ av;nSdK hwD;cwf&HkeSifh &efolonf tajc,dkifaejyD xif&onf/ wpfnae xrif;pm;tjyD; cifcsdKwdk hvrf;avSsmufxGufaomtcg ndKaxG;vnf;ygvmonf/ jruf&dkif;eDrsm;onfum; wHk;ukefacsjyD/ teDa&mifaysmufum ndKrnf;rnf;eSifh acG,dkifvJaeonf/ onfvdk qdkjyefawmhvnf; eDeDvGifum vScJhzl;onfymk ,Hkp&myif r&Sdacs/ ]tvStyqdkwm ocFg&ygyJuG,f} ymk rdonf oHa0*pum; qdkaeavonf/ jruf&dkif;eDrsm;udk awG hwkdif; tajy;cl;avh&Sdaom ndKaxG;onf ndKazsmhazsmh jzLavsmfavsmf jrufyifrsm;udk ai;junfh&if;rS ajymaeymef &Sdavonf/ ca&vrf;wGif ca&yifrsm;eSifh a&m,Sufaygufaeaom ]tm&ftdkifwD cs,f&D} rsm;onfum; yifvHk;uGswfyGifhaeonf/ xdkyef;udk rnfuJhodk hac:&rnfymk cifcsdKwdk hwpfa,mufrS aumif;aumif;rodjuacs/ yifvwftrsdK;tpm;jzpfjyD; yef;cdkifyef;yGifhav;rsm;onf yef;a&mifeSifh tjzLa&mum yJyef;eSifh qifqifwlav onf/ cs,f&Dyef;ozG,f yifvHk;uGswf nGwfaeatmif yGifhwwfaomajumifh cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; oa1mmwlyif ]tm&ftdkifwD cs,f&D} ymk vG,fvG,fulul ac:vdkufjuavonf/ teH hrarT;onfhtwGuf rufrufarmarm yefavh r&Sdjuay/ tcdkifvkdufcl;jyD; yef;tdk;xdk;vSsifrl tvGefvSyavonf/ cifcsdKwdk htwGuf yef;tdk;xkd;&ef yef;r&Sm;vSay/ tm&ftdkifwDcs,f&DwHk;vSsif ikpyfcs,f&D yGifhonf/ xkd haemuf wpfqufwnf; c&rf;a&mif
  • 41. *sDa[mol 40 ysOf;reSifh ik0gwkdk hyGifhjuavonf/ rdk;wpfjydKuf eSpfjydKuf usvSsif ausmif;t0ifvrf;&Sdd pdefyef;eDwdk hu &J&JeDatmif tvSjyjujyD jzpfonf/ 1mmyef;rS ryGifhaom &moDjzpfapumrl ausmif;ta&S h1mufa&uefwGif 0dkif;pdkufxm;aom yk@&dyfyef;eDeDwdk hurl 'dkifcHjyD; yGifhju&Smavonf/ vrf;ymdk1muf 'D1muf ,SufEG,faeaom cs,f&Dyef;wHwm;atmufu cifcsdKwdk htjzwfwGif rdonf yef;cl;csifpdwfaygufvmymefeSifh cs,f&Dudkif;udk ckefqGJavonf/ ]junfhprf; cifcsdK rdudkjunfhprf;} odrfhceJ nGwfusvmaom yef;udkif;juD;udk qGJcdkxm;&if; rdu atmfaeonf/ rdrsufeSmav;onf yef;cufyef;cdkifrsm; jum;xJwGif 0if;0if;yyav; jzpfaeonf/ yef;uav;rsm;udk &SdKuferf;&if; uav;i,fvdk &,farmaeaom rdudk ndKaxG;onf jyHK;í junfhaeonf/ ]yef;cl;aejuwmvm;} toHjum;rSyif tem;wGif udk&ifarmif a&mufvmrSef; owdxm;rdjuonf/ rdonf yef;cdkifwpfcdkifudk csdK;,lvdkufjyD; yef;udkif;udk vTwfvkdufonf/ rdqHyifay:wGif yef;a&mifyGifhzwfav;rsm; ajuGususef&pf juonf/ ]'Dyef;u wpfrsdK;yJ? odyfjudkufvScsnf&J hvJ rymkwf1ml;? jrifjyefawmhvJ rcl;1mJ raeedkif1ml;? wpfcuf jzpfjzpf? wpfcdkifjzpfjzpf cl;rdwmcsnf;yJ} ]yef;av;awGu vSw,f} ]arT;awmh rarT;1ml;} ]ndKaxG;a&m rcl;1ml;vm;} udk&ifarmifonf jidrfjidrfav;&yfaeaom ndKaxG;1mufodk hvSnfhar;onf/ ndKaxG;onf yg;csdKifhav; ay:&HkjyHK;jyD; acgif;,rf;jyonf/ ]1mmjzpfvdk hvJ rarT;vdk hvm;} ]rymkwfyg1ml;? yef;wdkif; 1m,farT;yghrvJ? yef;wdkif;vJ 1m,fvSekdifyghrvJ} ]wcsdK hyef;av;awGusawmh arT;vJarT;ygw,f? vSvJ vSygw,fAsm} udk&ifarmifpum;udk jum;&aomtcg rdonf rodromav; jyHK;vdkufjyD;rS £ajE´ qnfvdkuf avonf/ udk&ifarmifudk junfh&onfrSm ndKaxG;wpfapmif;wdkufaymm&aom yef;t1md"r®mav;udk owdw& &SdaeyHk&onf/ rxdwxd ypfcwfxm;aom cJcsufao;ao;av;ajumfh *,ufxvmonfudk ndKaxG;vnf; odymefwlonf/ ]rdef;uav;1m0qkdwm yef;av;awGvdkyJ} ]a,musfm;1m0ua&m} ]yef;cl;olaygh}
  • 42. rpE´m 41 ndKaxG;onf cs,f&Dyef;av;wpfcufudk trSwfrJh yefqifvdkufonf/ ndKaxG;acgif;ay:rS yef;av;udk udk&ifarmifonf ai;junfhaeavonf/ cifcsdKwdk hu pum;jzwfjyD; taqmif1mufodk hvSnfhjyefvmaomtcg ukd&ifarmifonf wpfOD;wnf; qufjyD; avSsmufoGm;avonf/ ]OD;&efuem;u aymmxm;w,faemf? Ak'¨yml;om;eJ hqufqH&if 'ku©jzpfr,fwJh? &ifarmifqdkawmh &- ,-v-0 Ak'¨yml;om;aemf} cifcsdK tawmf&,fcsifoGm;onf/ ndKaxG;wpfa,muf jidrfukwfukwfav;jzpfaejcif;rSm OD;&efuem; vufcsuf jzpfrSef; ,ckrSyif od&awmh/ ndKaxG;ymlonfh oli,frudk cifcsdK u,frS jzpfacsawmhrnf/ ]tJ'DAk'¨yml;om; 'ku©jzpfr,fvdk haymmwmyg} ]tymkwfvm;} ]ymkwfygw,f? Oyg'efajumifh Oyg'fra&mufprf;ygeJ h? ndKaxG; 'ku©jzpfrSm rymkwf1ml;? Ak'¨yml;om; 'ku©jzpfr,fvdk haymmwmyg} cifcsdKtm;ay;pum;udk jum;&aomtcg ndKaxG;rsufeSmav;onf &TifoGm;onf/ cifcsdK hvufudk wif;wif;qkyf&if; tm;wufoa&m ar;avonf/ ]tymkwfaemf-cifcsdK} ]ajomf ymkwfvdkufwmrS ymkwf ymkwfeJ hawmif jrnfao;w,f} ]rodyg1ml; cifcsdK&,f? OD;&efuem;aymmjyD; ndKaxG; awmfawmf pdwfnpfaewm? olaymmwmawGuvJ odyfrSefw,f rymkwfvm;? ndKaxG;av 1mmqufvkyf&r,fawmif rod1ml;? vrf;udk aysmufoGm;wm1mJ? avmif;xm;jyD;rS &SHK;oGm;rSmvJ t&rf;ajumufw,f? vufpowfawmh ndKaxG; t"dyÜm,faumuf vGJwmudk;} a0a0omygvSsif £ajE´raqmifedkif1mJ x&,frnf jzpfonf/ OD;&efuem;aumif;rSK ndKaxG; tawmf yif 'ku©rsm;oGm;ymef &Sdonf/ udk&ifarmifonf Ak'¨yml;eHjuD;udk a&S havSsmuf'ku©ay;&ef tawmfuav; vef h aecJhymef wlonf/ ]tcka&m 1mmvkyf&r,frod} ]tckawmh qufvkyf? uJ&DtGef ndKaxG;aygh] cifcsdKu &,farm&if; ajymvdkufonf/ a0a0wkd hxkd;aom acgifqGJajumf vm1mfoyfyumudk vufcH aomfvnf; ndKaxG;udkvnf; jyefvnf pdwf"mwfjrSifhwifay;ojzifh cifcsdKonf ormorwf usaom w&m;oljuD; jzpfvdrfhrnf xifygonf/ w&m;oljuD; ymlonf csdefcGifudk udkifjyD; rsufpdudk tkyfxm;&onfymk tqkd&Sdonf/ yg;pyfydwf&rnfymk Oya'u rqkdygacs/ xdk hajumifh acgufqGJajumfvnf; pm;edkifonf/ rymkwfwmvnf; ajymekdifonfymk rdrdukd,frdrd tmywfvTwfvdkufonf/ ]&efuem;a& ru,fawmh1ml;vm;}
  • 43. *sDa[mol 42 ndKaxG;u udk&ifarmihfqDrS arwåm o0PfvTm rjumrDa&mufap&rnfymk ajymaomtcg armfarmf onf xatmfawmhonf/ ]tdk-&efuem;uudk aymmvdkufwmav? ndKaxGG;eJ hqufqHvdk hAk'¨yml;om; 'ku©jzpfr,fwJh? tymif; ymif; ndKaxG;ekdifrSm usdef;udk aovdk h} ]&efuem;a& jrefrmpum;udk jrefrm em;rvnfatmif ajymOD;ymJh} armfarmfonf 'kwd,tjudrf pdwfysufvufysuf atmfjyefonf/ a0a0onf OD;aeSmufajcmufymefeSifh acgif;udkwGifwGifukwfaeonf/ rnfol hya,m*ajumifh ndKaxG;ae hcsif;ncsif;tm;wufvmrSef; pOf;pm;ekdifyHk r&acs/ ]&efuem;av; trsm;juD; acsmufwGef;w,f? 'Doli,fraemf tm;juD; acgif;rmw,f? &nf;pm;pm &atmif ,lr,f ajymw,faemf- &efuem; 1mmvkyf&rvJ trm;] tceff;xJrS ndKaxG; vSnfhxGufoGm;aomtcg a0a0onf juH&mr&ymef &SHK h&SHK hrJhrJh nnf;&Smavonf/ * * *
  • 44. rpE´m 43 (13) ]apmapmtdyfvdk hapmapmxvdk hapmapmvrf;avSsmufjuygpdk h} xkdoDcsif; a&'D,dkrS rjumcPvmvSsif eSif;rSKHrSKdif;rSdKif;eSifh tm;upm; &moDokd ha&mufjyD jzpfonf/ wpfpdwfwnf;? wpf0rf;wnf;? wpfavwnf; xGufavh&Sdaom r0g? armfarmf? a0a0eSifh rdwdk h pdwfcsif;uGJvGJ juonfrSmum; xdktcdsefyif jzpfonf/ tm;upm;&moDwGif Xmetvdkuf jydKifyGJrsm; jyKvkyfonf/ oli,fcsif; tcsif;csif; 1m,favmufyif cifcif? Xmetvdkuf jydKifaomtcg XmecGJuav;rsm; jzpfvmjuonf/ cifcsdKwdk h pufrSKwuúodkvfwGifvnf; pufrSK? "mwk? vSsyfppf? csnfrSsiffeSifh txnf? jrKd hjy? owåKwl;azmfa&;? Adokum ponfjzifh Xmetcsif;csif; jydKifju&aomtcg cifvSaom oli,fcsif;rsm;onfvnf; oli,fcsif;ymlí rnSm edkif? XmetwGuf aoaoausaus tpGrf;jyjuavawmhonf/ ykí 0aom rrvSyifvSsif a1mmif;1mDwdkav;0wfum a1mmfvDa1mm 0ifykwfavonf/ avwdkufvSsif vJawmhra,mif ydefjyD; &SnfvSaom rat;oG,fonfvnf; oHjym;0dkif; 0ifypfavonf/ vufarmif;&if; udkufaeaom ,kaqGyif raeedkif? y&kyfqDvdrf;jyD; juufawmif&dkufjydKifyGJ 0ifcJhao;onf/ axG;axG;wpfa,mufonfvnf; Xmetvdkuf vGefqGJ&ef vlpkaeonf/ cifcsdKonfum; tm;upm; &moDwGif ]yHk;qGJ} ymlaom trnftopfwpfckudk &cJhavonf/ ol hcrsm 1m0ay;yg&rDajumifh tm;upm; 1mufwGif tawmfyif tusdK;ay;nHh&Smavonf/ juufawmif&dkuf&ef judk;pm;onf? 1mufwHeSifh juufawmif onf &efjzpfxm;juymef wlonf/ wpfckeSifhwpfck xd&ef judk;pm;í r&1mJ wpfvGJpD jzpfaeí vufavSsmh vdkuf &onf/ xkd haemuf a1mmfvDa1mm ykwf&ef tm;xkwfjyefonf/ avxJwGif ysH0Jaeaom abmvHk;ol h qDodk h wef;vmavvSsif ajumufajumufvef hvef heSifh acgif;udk vufeSpfzufjzifh tkyfjyD; uGif;xJwGif avSsmufajy; aeonf/ xkd hajumifh a1mmfvDa1mm toif;uvnf; vufcHvdkymef r&Sdacs/ ydefcsdaom cE¨mudk,fav;ajumifh vGefqGJ&efvnf; rnfolurSs pm&if;xnfhroGif;acs/ xkd hajumifh jydKifyGJ0ifolwdk h tarmajyaomuf&ef oHyk&m &nfazsmfjyD; yHk;juD;wum;um;eSifh o,f,loGm;avh&Sdaom cifcsdKudk ]yHk;qGJ} ymlí uifyGef;wyfxm;juonf/ yHk;qGJuvnf; acawmh racvSygacs/ a1mmfvDa1mmtoif; a&TwHqdyf&aomtcg q,fheSpfck &avonf/ t&Hvl aeaeomom? rdef;uav; &Sm;vGef;í ajcmufa,mufjynfhatmifyif renf;vlpkupm;&aom pufrSKa1mmfvDa1mmtoif;ayrdk hyHk;qGJaom cifcsdKvnf; a&TwHqdyfwpfck&avonf/ ]vGefqGJwm ekdif&if XmetrSwfodyfaumif;rSmaemf} ]qGJuGm ekdifatmifqGJ? rdk&D;,mrif;aomuf? EGm;edk haomuf}
  • 45. *sDa[mol 44 cifcsdKu twGifom tm;ay;avonf/ udk,fwkdif 0ifqGJ&ef rwwfedkifavawmh tm;ay;&mwGif cifcsdK udk rnfolrSs rDrnf rxifay? oHyk&m&nf wpfyHk;eSifh yGJwdkif;ausmf jzpfavonf/ ]ymm udk&ifarmif vGefqGJr,f xifw,f} a1mmif1mDwkdav;eSifh avSsmufvmaom udk&ifarmifudk awG hojzifh r0gonf cyfwdk;wdk; ajymonf/ a,musfm;av; vGefyGJrsm; t&ifprnfrdk hcifcsdKwdk hrdef;uav;rsm;onf yGJjunfh y&dowfjzpfonf/ cifrif&m cifrifajumif; XmecGJuav;rsm;eSifh udk,feSpfouf&m 1mufodk h tm;ay;juonf/ ]udk&ifarmif vGefqGJrvdk hvm;} ]at;Asm awmfrD&,f zsm;aevdk hvlrjynfh1ml;qdkjyD; zufwD;0if;atmif&,f twif;qGJac:vmw,f} ]qGJ qGJ edkifatmifqGJ} ]tm;ay;juygAsm? tm;vdkygw,f} ndKaxG;udk a0hceJ junfh&if; udk&ifarmifonf cyfjyHK;jyHK; ajymavonf/ ndKaxG;onf eSpfeSpfjcdKuf jcdKuf &,fvdkufonf/ ndKaxG;&,fvSsif cGuf0ifoGm;avh&Sdaom yg;cdsKifhav;rsm;onf pGJrufpzG,faumif; vSonf/ ]zufwD;udk0if;atmif ygaerSawmh udk&ifarmifwdk hr&SHk;ekdifyg1ml;} rnfonfhae&mwGifrS rsufeSmaumif;&avhr&SdaomzufwD;rsm;onfvGefyGJwGifrl txl; rsufeSmyGifhvef; juavonf/ acsmifjudkacsmifjum;rS zufwD;taygif; olawmfaumif;wkd hudk Xmeqdkif&m tm;upm;rSL;rsm;u awmif;awmif;yefyef yifhac:ju&avonf/ ]zufwD;u 0om0wm tm;r&Sd1ml;} ]aemufqHk;u judk;csnfcdkif;aygh} zufwD;udk0if;atmifonfum; cifcsdKwkd hodorSs wuúodkvf&Sd vl0rsm;xJwGif t0qHk;jzpfonf/ ol h vufeSpfzufudk a1m;okd h&dk;&dk;csxm;vSsif olrsm;vdk wef;wef;rwfrwf usraeacs/ 0xpfaeaom tom;rsm; ajumifh um;um;juD; jzpfaeonf/ tom;jzLjzL? eSmwHay:ay:? rsufcHk;xif;xif;ESifh rsufeSmudkcsnf; junfhvSsif vlacsmwpfOD;ymk ajymedkifonf/ rwefwq 0aom udk,fcE¨majumifh ol hcrsm ckxdawmh rpGHedkif&Sm ao;acs/ ]zufwD;uG - zufwD;? judk;pm;ay;} udk&ifarmifwdk htzGJ hwGif zufwD;udk0if;atmifonf t"du& jzpfaeonf/ aemufqHk;rS aejyD; vGefjudk;vGwfrxGufap&ef cg;udk judk;eSifh ywfjyD; csnfxm;onf/ judk;wif;vGef;vSsif tom;xJjrKyfjyD; yGef;rnfpdk;aomajumifh xifonf/ cg;eSifh judk;tjum;wGif uif;Awfpf 1mdeyftjzLrsm; cHxm;onf/ cg; ywfvnfwGif zdeyfrsm; pD&&DESifh 0onfxuf 0aeaom udk0if;atmifudk junfhum vlwdkif; yGJusaejuonf/ udk0if;atmifonf y&dowfu xyfwvJvJ awmif;qdkjcif; cH&aom Zmwfrif;ozG,f tm;&yg;& jyHK;jyD; cg;uav;ukef;um OD;nGwfjyaomtcgwGifum; w0g;0g; jzpfukefjuawmhonf/
  • 46. rpE´m 45 zufwD;ta&S heSpfa,mufausmfwGif udk&ifarmifudk awG h&onf/ vlrjynfhojzifh qJGoGif;xm;olrdk h olwkd htzGJ hxJwGif tydefqHk; jzpfaeonf/ ]aymhaumif - &ifarmif? rif;eH&dk;awGu ywåvm;wD;vdk h&w,faymh} vltkyfxJrS ApfwmtoHudk jum;&onf/ vl0rsm;tjum;xJwGif ydefaeaom udk&ifarmifonfvnf; vl&,fp&m jzpfaeonf/ ]vGefyGJom ekdifatmifqGJ? tcspfyGJrSmvJ ekdifap&yghr,f armifarmif&,fwJh? olu ajymw,f? olu ajymw,f} y&dwfowfxJrS toHajumifajumifeSifh wpfOD;u xatmfjyefonf/ vGefyGJrprcsif; atmfympfoH aemufajymifoHrsm;eSifh qlnHaeonf/ ]udk&ifarmifu Avrqdk;1ml;q&m/ t&yfjrifh? tom;ndKwJh vlcef h acsmqkdwm ol hvdkvlrsdK; xifyg&J h} ymk axG;axG;u wkd;wdk;av; rSwfcsufcsaomtcg ndKaxG;onf jyHK;ae avonf/ ]0rf;-wl;-qGJ-0rf;-wl;-qGJ} aoewfypfazmufvdkufonfeSifh vGefjudk;onf wHk hceJ wif;oGm;jyD; tjydKiftqdkif qGJjuavawmh onf/ awmufavSsmufjuD; tm;ukefatmif rqGJ1mJ csdefom;udkufum aqmifhí aqmifhí qGJaom udk&ifarmif wdk htzGJ honf vuf&nfomavonf/ ]ymm;-ymm;-junfh-cifcsKdjunfh-&,fp&mjuD;} tHjudwfum &SHK hrJhrJhjzpfaeolrsm;udk junfhum axG;axG;onf tm;rem yg;rem &,faeonf/ rnfol rnfrSs acsmonfqkdqdk? vSonfajymajym vGefwpfcgqGJcdkif;vSsif vSorSs ysufavawmhonf/ tm;oGefcGefpdkuf qGJ&avonfrdk hrdrdudk,fudkvnf; arh? ywf0ef;usifudkvnf; arhwwfjuavonf/ tvStyudk tom a1m;ypfcsxm;jyD; rJhvdkuf? &GJ hvdkuf? tHjudwfvdkufeSifh tedkiftxuf judk;pm;juawmhonf/ rsufeSmu &SHK hav onfeSifh trSs rsufvHk;eSpfzufu jyL;xGufvmaomtcgum; vlysuf&kyfaygufukefjuavawmhonf/ ]'grS 'dk hzufwD;uG- ekdifiHausmf zwfwD;? urÇmausmfr,fh zufwD;} zufwD;0if;atmifrsufeSmonf c&rf;csOfoD;rSnfhvdk wGwfwGwf&Jaeonf/ ajrjyifudk ajcuefumwHk h ceJ wpfcsuf qGJwdkif; wpfzufrS vlrsm; idkufceJ jzpfoGm;wwfavonf/ vGefjudk;onf zufwD;wdk hzuf wjznf;jznf; ygvmonf/ wpfzuftoif;rS ausmif;om;rsm; arSmufvJolvJ? '&GwfqGJolqGJ jzpfukefju aom tcg Apfwmonf vufckyfvuf0g;wD;jyD; rsufrSefjuD; w0if;0if;eSifh xuavawmhonf/ ]igwdk hu vleJ hqGJ&rvm; atmufarhygw,f? rif;wdk hu EGm;awG 0ufawG xGufvmwmudk;} judk;juD;udk rvTwf1mJ arSmufvsufom; '&GwfqGJygvmaom udkoef;armifaX;onf ajrjyifay:wGif ikwfwkwfjuD; xkdifumatmfaeonf/ zufwD;0if;atmifonf ol ha&S hwGifaqmifhajumifhav;xkdifumvuftkyf csDvdkufavonf/ ]XmetwGufrdk hyg a,mufz&,f? vGefyGJ&SHK;ayr,fh eSrawmh ay;ygaemf}
  • 47. *sDa[mol 46 eSracsmav;rsm; &Sdaom udkoef;armifaX;? ae&mrS txwGif zufwD;onf &kwfceJ xum ajy;av onf/ odk haomf ol hcrsm vGeftqGJaumif;aomfvnf; tajy;roef &SmavonfhtwGuf pGefokwfcH&aom 0uf0HjzLjuD; ozG,f udkoef;armifaX;vufwGif rdjyD; Zufydk;tkyf cH&avonf/ ]tm;ay;wJh vlawG aumif;vdk hedkifwmygAsm} ukd&ifarmifu cifcsdKwdk hqDrS oHyk&m&nf awmif;aomuf&if; ajymonf/ cifcsdKwdk hvlpk uvnf; ol h a1m;rS toHukefatmfjyD; tm;ay;cJhjuavonfhtwGuf tawmfauseyfaeymef &Sdonf/ atmifyGJ& vGeftzGJ h wGif qk&aom oGm;wdkufaq;1ml;av;rsm;udk a&S hwGifaxmifjyD; aqmifhajumifhav;rsm;xkdifum "mwfyHk&dkuf juaom tcg ndKaxG;wdk htem;a&mufaeaom udk&ifarmifudk atmfympfac:,lju&avonf/ ]aymhaumifjuD; &ifarmif? rr,frudk &Smaeovm;? "mwfyHk&dkuf&atmif juGygOD;} zufwD;udk0if;atmifonf toHjyJjuD;eSifh ukef;atmfaomtcg udk&ifarmifrsufeSmonf &JceJ jzpfoGm;jyD; ndKaxG;udk zsufceJ cdk;junfhvdkufonfudk cifcsdKjrifvkdufonf/ ndKaxG;url 1mmudkrSs trSKrxm; rdovdk junfjunfvifvifuav;yif &,faeonf/ ]udk&ifarmif "mwfyHkxJrSm toHygoGm;atmif &,faemf} ymkyif vSrf;íaemufvdkufao;onf/ ]rr,frqdkwm 1mmudk ajymwmvJ} r0gonf jrefrm0w¬Krsm; zwfavhzwfxr&Sdojzifh ]armif&ifarmif? rr,fr} tajumif; odymef rwlacs/ ]armif&ifarmif? rr,fr}onf *sdrf;vSausmfa&;aom 0w¬KacwfOD;u 0w¬K jzpfajumif;/ rdef;uav; rsm;em;wGif a&mufaeaom ukd&ifarmifudk ]rr,frudk &Smaeovm;} ymk0w¬KxJrS emrnfoHk;um aemufajymif jcif; jzpfajumif;udk cifcsdKu &Sif;jyae&avonf/ ]'Dvkdqdk&if ndKaxG;udk rr,frvdk hajymwmxifw,faemf} ]tdk 1mmjzpfvdk h} 1mkrod 1mrod xifaju;eSifh rSwfcsufcsaom axG;axG;udk ndKaxG;uacgif;uav;cgjyonf/ a0a0 eSifh armfarmfurl ]'dk hudkajymwm xifw,f] ymk oHjydKif 0ifajymonf/ ]ymkwfyg1ml;-axG;axG; 'Davmufawmh vsifygw,f? udk&ifarmifu ndKaxG;qdk&if uGufjunfh uGufjunfheJ hymif;-odwmaygh? uJ-rr,fr eufjzef a1mmfvDa1mm yGJus&if udk&ifarmifjuD; vmtm;ay; ygvdrfhr,f} axG;axG;u tydkifajymaomtcg ndKaxG;onf 1mmrSrjiif;omawmh1mJ jyHK;aeavonf/ ndKaxG;onf xkdae hrSpí ]rr,fr} ymlaom emrnfajymifav;udk &&SdoGm;&Smavonf/ axG;axG; twyfaymmouJhodk hyif ndKaxG;wdk ha1mmfvDa1mmyGJodk hudk&ifarmif a&mufvmcJhonf/ ndKaxG;eSifh cifcsdKonf ydefrom vdrfrom jzpfonf/ tm;upm;zufwGif eSpfOD;vHk; yg&rD enf;&Smjuonf/ odk haomf ndKaxG;onf cifcsdKxufawmh owådaumif;w,f qkd&ayrnf/ olwdk hXmeu upm;&efvlrjynfhí 0if&yf&Hkuav; &yfay;yg/ vljynfhvSsif awmfygjyDymk twif;ac:aomtcg ndKaxG;uGif;xJodk hqif; &avonf/ r0Hhr&JeSifh a1mmfvDa1mmuGif;xJwGif ajumif;pDpDav;&yfaeaom ndKaxG;onf &,fp&m aumif;aeonf/ axG;axG;url ndKaxG;udk junfh&if; wcGD;cGD;eSifh usdwfí &,faeavonf/ cifcsdKwdk huJhodk h
  • 48. rpE´m 47 yif a1mmvHk;udk junfh&if; wcGD;cGD;eSifh usdwfí &,faeonf/ cifcsdKuJhodk hyif a1mmvHk;udk ajumufjyD; vufeSpfzufeSifh acgif;udk tkyfum uGif;xJwGif avSsmufajy;avh&Sdaom ndKaxG; t&nftcsif;udk twGif;od tpif;odrdk hymefymefyefyef uGif;xJ0if&yfaeaomtcg &,fcsifpdwfudk xdef;edkifymef rwlacs/ wpfzuf toif;wGif a0a0? armfarmfeSifh rrcifwdk hygonf/ ndKaxG;1mufwGif r0geSifh rdygavonf/ eSpfoif;pvHk; cifrifolcsnf;rkd hcifcsdKwdk hvnf; eSpfzufvHk;udk tm;ay;ju&rnf jzpfonf/ ]ndKaxG;u upm;rvdk hvm;} ]ymkwfuJh} cifcsdKwdk ha1m;wGif 0if&yfaom udk&ifarmifonf ndKaxG;udk vSrf;ar;onf/ ndKaxG;onf jyHK;a&miforf;a,mifa,mifeSifh acgif;ndwfjyD; £ajE´q,faeonf/ jyHK;pyfpyfvkyfaeaom axG;axG;udk rsufapmif;wpfcsufxkd;um cyfwnfwnfvkyfaeaom ndKaxG;onf ydkjyD; &,fp&m aumif;aeonf/ ]cgwdkif; ndKaxG; upm;wm rawG h1ml;} ]1m,fupm;rvJ olu pufrSKuvlawGeJ hvuf&nfwlw,fxifwm rymkwf1ml;? csdKxm;wm? tckrS ynmawGjyr,fav? apmifhjunfh} axG;axG;pum;udk ,Hkovm;? r,Hkovm;awmh rod? udk&ifarmifonf ndKaxG;udk txifwjuD; vSrf;junfhaomtcgwGif ndKaxG;onf taecufymefeSifh udk,fuav; usHK h oGm;&Smonf/ ]apmifhjunfh apmifhjunfh} axG;axG;ajymovdkyif apmifhjunfhaeaom udk&ifarmifonf ndKaxG;csdKxm;aom ynmrsm;udk jrif&aomtcg tawmfyif &,fcsifvmymef &Sdavonf/ olwdk hwpfzGJ hvHk;wGif ndKaxG;onf tcsmqHk;rSef;odojzifh awmfaom vleSpfOD;jzpfonfh r0geSifh rdwdk h jum;xJwGif nSyfjyD; xm;onf/ a1mmfvDa1mmuGif;xJ0ifjyD; a1mmvHk;ajumufaeaom ndKaxG;udk a1m;eSpf zufrS 0kdif;uljuonf/ ndKaxG;qD a1mmvHk; ta&mufrcH/ olwdk hu 0dkif;ykwfay;onf/ wpfzuftoif;rS a0a0wdk huvnf; ndKaxG;qDudkrS csdefjyD; ypfwwfjuonf/ ndKaxG; qDvmorSs a1mmvHk;udkvnf; r0geSifh rdwdk hu tajy;tvTm; 0ifzrf;juonf/ ndKaxG;onf olwdk h0ifvmatmif ymdkwdrf;? onfwdrf;eSifh qkwfvdkuf? a&Smifvdkuf? vrf;&Sif;ay;avh&Sdonf/ a1mmfvDa1mmuGif;xJwGif a1mmvHk;udk a&Smifajy;aeaom ndKaxG;tjzpfudk junfhum y&dowf tm;vHk; tlwufaejuonf/ ]ymkd1mufudk a&muf&if ig;jym;ay;r,f} ]judk;pm;uG,f ESro,fav;a&? tpfudku wpfrwfay;r,f} ndKaxG; qmAifay;&rnfhtvSnfhwGif ausmif;om;rsm;u 0dkif;aemufaejuonf/ XmetwGufrdk h r&Sufrajumuf vlysufvkyfae&aom ndKaxG;onf rsufeSmuav; eDaeonf/ rsufeSmuav;ysufum tawmftm;i,faeymef &Sdonf/ ol htjzpfuvnf; wu,fyif &,fp&mrdk htlwufatmif &,faeolrsm;udk tjypfwifvdkymef r&Sdacs/ ol hymmol vnf; &,fcsifidkcsif jzpfaeymef &Sdonf/ ]&SL; wdk;wdk; r&1ml; ajymedkifvm;}
  • 49. *sDa[mol 48 axG;axG;u £ajE´qnfum ajymaomtcg jidrfoGm;ju/ odk haomf ndKaxG; wkd;xkwfvkdufaom a1mmvHk;onf t&Sdefjyif;jyif;eSifh a&S hodk hoGm;&rnfhtpm; 1mkef;ceJ aemufzufvGifhoGm;aomtcg wGifum; wpfcsdefvHk; jidrfaeaom udk&ifarmifyif Adkufudk eSdyfjyD; vdrfhaeatmif &,fawmhonf/ a1mmvHk;udk a&S hodk h xdk;&rnfudk a,mifuef;uef;eSifh aemufjyef xdk;xkwfvkdufjcif; jzpfymef wlonf/ ]zrf; zrf; ndKaxG; rdatmif zrf;} ndKaxG;qDodk hwef;wef;rwfrwf csdefvTwfvkdufaom a1mmvHk;udk 0ifykwf&ef rrDojzifh r0gu ajy;vm&if; atmfaeonf/ ndKaxG;onf a1mmvHk;udk ykwfvkduf&rnfhtpm; rdrd&& zrf;udkifum ajumifpDpD &yfaeaom ndKaxG;udk junfh&if; r0geSifh rdwdk honf pdwfrqdk;ekdif1mJ ajcjypfvufjypfxkdifcsum &,fju avawmhonf/ aA'ifar;p&m rvdk/ xkdyGJwGif ndKaxG;wdk h1mufu r&SKrvS &SHK;avonf/ yGJjyD;aomtcg cifcsdKwdk h tm;vHk; Adkufemaejuygonf/ ]ndKaxG;ajumifh &SHK;wm} ndKaxG;onf rsufeSmi,fav;eSifh ajymonf/ ol hjunfh&onfrSm wu,fyif pdwfraumif;jzpfaeymef wlavonf/ XmetwGufrdk hvlysufvkyfcJh&aom ndKaxG;udk udk&ifarmifonf u&kPmruif; junfhaeonf/ ]&SHK;vJ 1mmjzpfvJ? &,f&wm tjrwfaygh} r0gu ajymaomtcg ndKaxG;rsufeSmav;onf &SHK hoGm;&Smonf/ ]ndKaxG;udk uGsefawmf wu,fcsD;usL;w,f? uGsefawmfom qdk&if 'Dvdkowåd&SdrSm rymkwf1ml;? udk,frwwfwmudk yGifhyGifhvif;vif; rwwfajumif; jy&Jwm enf;wJhowådrS rymkwfwm} udk&ifarmifonf &,f&Sdefrowfekdifao;aomfvnf; csD;usL;pum;ajymonf/ &Sufvnf; &Suf? &,fcsif idkcsifvnf; jzpfaeaom ndKaxG;rsufeSmav;onf ezl;jyifay:rS acGs;rsm;udk vufeSifh oyfcs&if; jzwfceJ rsufvTmcsvdkufavonf/ rsufeSmav;i,fi,feSifh jyHK;rJhrJhjzpfaeaom ndKaxG;udk udk&ifarmifonf trSwfrxif ai;junfh aeavonf/ * * *
  • 50. rpE´m 49 (14) ]udk&ifarmifu wu,fcifp&maumif;w,faemf? t&ifu ol hudk 'Davmufcifp&maumif;vdrhf r,f awmif rxifrd1ml;} axG;axG;onf tkef;oD;tcGHrmay:&Sd tkef;qHrsm;udk 'g;yg;eSifh jcpfypfae&if; pum;rpyfajymonf/ ndKaxG;onf ocsFmwpfyk'fudk ukef;wGufae&mrS rodromav; apmif;junfhavonf/ ]1mmjzpfvdk h} ]cifp&maumif;w,fqdkwm tao;tzGJav;awGudk ajymwmxifw,f? ol hjunfh&wm ulnDwwf w,f? &dk;w,f? tm;emwwfw,f? ymdkae hu uGif;xJrSm ndKaxG;vlysufvkyfaewkef;u junfhygvm;? ol h junfh& wm &,fwm&,fae&w,f? ndKaxG;udk oem;aeovdkyJ} ]atmifrm rvdkyg1ml;? 1mmvdk hoem;&rSmvJ} ndKaxG;onf azmifwdeftzHk;udk ydwfvdkufjyD; xvm avonf/ rcHcsifovdk rsufeSmav; ndKae onf/ rmejuD;aom rdef;uav;rsm;onf toem;cH&rSm tvGefajumufwwfjuonf/ ol htjzpfuvnf; wu,fhudk oem;p&m &,fp&m jzpfcJhí emvdkcHcuf jzpfoGm;ymef &Sdonf/ ]oem;wm pdwfqkdk;p&mvm; ndKaxG;&J h} ]tdk qkd;w,f} ]tymJ cspfjcif;tp oem;jcif;uwJh? jum;zl;wmyJ} r0geSifh rdonf xif&mjrif&m pGwfawmaeaom axG;axG;udk cyfai;ai;junfhaeavonf/ tysuf tysufeSifh pcJhaom udk&ifarmihf tonf;cGJa&; pDrHudef;juD;onf eSmacgif;aoG;xGufavatmif taumif txnfay:vmrnfhta&;udk awG;rdjyD; &ifav;aejuymef &Sdonf/ ndKaxG;url cyfaxhaxhav; jyHK;aeonf/ ]aemufjyD; udk&ifarmifu pmodyfawmfwmyJ? pmar;yGJvJ eD;vSjyD? pifoD,mwdk hu udk&ifarmifudk rodwmawG ar;&tHk;r,f wJh} ]tJ'g 1mmjzpfvJ} ]udk&ifarmifuawmh ndKaxG; pmawGvdkufekdif&J hvm;wJh tymJ}
  • 51. *sDa[mol 50 ]wjcm;tajumif;ajymprf;yg axG;axG;&,f? 1mmvdk hw&ifarmifxJ &ifarmifae&wmvJ? ay;prf;r0g? qufcGm ay;r,f} r0gu pdwfr&Snfovdk cyfaigufaigufav; 0ifajymonf/ cifcsdKwpfcgu rdef;rrm,m tajumif; pmtkyfxJwGif zwfzl;onf/ xrD0wfwmu tp? ajcaxmufum;xdkifwma&m? aygifaphxkdifwma&m? uav; csDwmtqHk; vSKyf&Sm;rSKrSeforSs 1mmrSrvGwf1mJ rm,mxJ ygaeí tawmfpdwfnpfoGm;onf/ ckawmh ,Hk&rvkd jzpfaeonf/ ndKaxG;onf udk&ifarmifudk wpfcgrS odomavmufatmif tcGifhta&;ay; azmfa&Gjcif; r&Sdao;ay/ oGm;&if;vm&if; c&D;oGm;ymefvTJeSifhyif aeSmifjudk;eSifh iifcJhonf/ rdef;uav;wdk honf a,musfm; om;rsm;udk &dk;&dk;wef;wef; oGm;vmvSKyf&Sm;&if; rodromav; qGJaqmifedkifpGrf; &Sdjuymef wlavonf/ xkd h ajumifhvnf; tawmifeSpfq,frif;a,musfm;rsm; tvef hjuD; vef hjyD; rdef;uav;wkd hvSKyf&Sm;avorSs trlt,mrSeforSsudk rm,mymk owfrSwfcJhjuymef wlavonf/ ndKaxG;onf jrm;udk cGsefjyD; axmifxm;&m? udk&ifarmifu jrm;OD;odk h wjznf;jznf; wkd;vmaeonfeSifh wlaeonf/ ]OD;&efuem;uawmh aymmxm;w,f? ndKaxG;eJ haygif;&if Ak'¨yml;om; 'ku©a&mufr,fwJh} ]OD;&efuem;wJhvm; 1m,folvJ} judk hukef;&GmxJu aA'ifq&mjuD;av odyfrSefwm1mJ} OD;&efuem;toHudk jum;&aomtcg cifcsdKonf &,fcsifvGef;í rsufeSmudk wpfzufodk h vSnfhxm; vdkufonf/ jyóemuawmh oyGwftlvdkufaeayjyD/ OD;&efuem; ay:vmonfhtwGuf w&m;oljuD; acgufqGJpm;&avonf/ rymkwfwmvnf; ajymcJhayjyD/ w&m;oljuD; ya,m*ajumifh ndKaxG;tm;wufjyD; tonf;cGJa&; tpDtpOfudk qufvuf vkyfaqmifcJhhonf/ 1mmvdkvdkeSifh w&m;oljuD;onf w&m;cH1m0odk h a&mufrSef;rod a&mufaeacsjyD/ cifcsdKonf &,fcsif&ufu pdwfvnf; t&SKyfjuD; &Skyfrdonf/ ]axG;axG;a&m ar;rvm;? odyfrSefwm} ]tymkwfrSefvm;} ]ar;raeeJ h? OD;&efuem; r&Sdawmh1ml;} ]ymif 1mmjzpfvdk h} ]ymdk; ykyÜm;awmifrSm w&m;tm;xkwfzkd hxGufoGm;jyD? odyfvJaeraumif;1ml;wJh? tJ'DrSmyJ xGuf&yf ayguf&if aygufoGm;rSm...} &efuem;Zmwfodrf;rS jzpfawmhrnfrdk hcifcsdKonf twnfaygufeSifh 0ifí ajymrdonf/ ]ym,f emvdkufwm? axG;axG;awmif rar;vdkuf&1ml;? pmar;yGJrSm trSwfaumif;yghrvm;? tqifh 1m,favmufeJ hatmifrvJ? ar;csifvdkufwm} ]ewfwif eifwwf&if atmifrSmaygh rdaxG;&,f} r0gonf pdwfr&Snfedkifovdk 0ifajymonf/ a0a0&efuem;tajumif;udk odxm;ojzifh jumvSsif r&,fedkif1mJ x&,frdrnf pkd;aomajumifh jzpfymefwlonf/ axG;axG;onf 1mmrS qufrajymawmh1mJ ukwifay:wGif rwfwyf&yfvkdufonf/ tkef;oD;xJrS t&nfrsm;udkvnf; azmufxkwfjyD; jzpfojzifh
  • 52. rpE´m 51 tkef;tcGHrmudk cGJ&ef cifcsdKwdk hwwfekdkifaom enf;wpfenf;om &Sdonf/ tjrifhwGif wuf&yfjyD; vufeSpfzuf udk tay:ajrSmufum tkef;oD;udk oHrHwvif; ay:odk hypfcsvkdufjcif;jzpfonf/ acgif;rmaom tkef;oD; qkdygu wpfcsufwnf;eSifh r&ay/ oHk;av;cg ypf&wwfonf/ ]0rf; wl; o&D; ypf] rdonf em;udk vufeSpfzufeSifh tkyfcg atmfonf/ axG;axG;vufxJrS t&SdefeSifh usvmaom tkef;oD; av;onf oHrHwvif;eSifh &dkufcwfrdaomtcg cGrf;ceJ uGJoGm;onf/ ]ym,f ym,f qHusnfaxG;av;} tkef;oD;tuGJwGif qHusnfaxG;jzLjzLav;onf jyKwfjyD; vdrfhxGufvmonf/ tpm;aemufodk h vdkuf aom r0gonf ukwifatmuftxd av;zufaxmufvsuf vdkufoGm;onf/ pmtkyfyHkrsm; aowåmrsm;eSifh nyfaeaom ckwifatmufwGif wukef;ukef; wuGuG &SmazGjyD; av;zufaxmufvsufeSifhyif aemufjyef xGufvmonf/ ol hvufxJwGif qHusnfaxG; jzLjzLav;onf zHktvdrf;vdrf;eSifh ygvmonf/ ]ym,f tkef;oD;jrifrS xrif;pm;csifw,f} ]rqDrqdkifymm rduvJ} ]tymkwfajymwm? wu,fqmvmvdk h} rdajymrSyif cifcsdKwdk hvnf; qmvmonf/ naexrif;pm;raumif;ygu &Spfem&DcGJ udk;em&Davmuf usvSsif qmvmjyDjzpfonf/ vqef;&uf tdrfrS a&mufcgp qdkvSsif azmazmoDoD pm;ekdifonf/ vukef &ufqdkvSsifum; a&aomufjyD; AdkufarSmuftdyfoihfygu tdyfju&avonf/ cifcsdKwdk htkyfpkonf udk,fhydkufqH eSifh udk,f tusF Dwpfpyif r0,fekdifatmif tpm;eSdyfpufjcif; cH&olrsm; jzpf/ ]aEG;at;u tmvl;okwfeJ hvufzufokwf0,fuGm? xrif;oHk;xkyfqkd&if avmufa&maygh? OD;at;armifudk ay;zkd hu ig;rl;} nxGufcGifhr&Sdaom taqmifaeausmif;olrsm;onf taqmifapmifhrsm;udk ydkufqHay;jyD; 0,fckdif; ju&onf/ OD;av;juD;rsm;uvnf; awmf&Smjuygayonf/ ausmif;olrsm; pm;csiforSs rnnf;rnL tacgufacguf tcgcg 0,fay;ju& avonf/ odk heSifhyif cifcsdKwdk hwawG vufzufokwfeSifh nv,f xrif;pm;jzpfjuavonf/ tcef;tjyif 1mufwGif 0kdif;zGJ hjyD; pmrdjuonf/ vloGm;vrf;wGif rD;ydwfxm;ojzifh arSmif&dyforf;um va&mif vJhvJhjzm usaeonf/ avajyavnif;aoG;aeaom ntcsdefwGif xrif; rvHkravmuf? ymif;? rvHkravmufeSifh oli,fcsif;wpfpk wpfvkwfwpfqkyfpD pm;&onfrSm t&omxl;vSonf/ vufzufpm;&if; i&kwfoD;pm; csifaomajumifh r0gonf wpfcef;0if wpfcef;xGufeSifh i&kwfoD;vdkuf&Smonf/ aemufqHk;vGifvGifat;wdk h tcef;rS ajcmufaeaom i&kwfoD;pdrf;oHk;axmifh &vmcJhavonf/ r&SdygrS pm;aumif;aeaom i&kwfoD;av; onf wpfa,mufwpfudkufeSifh cPav; ukefoGm;onf/ ]aymm ymkdrsm udk&ifarmif rymkwfvm;] axG;axG;onf taqmifa&S h&Sd vrf;uav;wGif jznf;jznf;av; avSsmufoGm;aom ausmif;om; wpftkyfudk nTefjyonf/ nOfhtarSmifwGif vlvHk;roJuGJvSacs/ odk haomf cifrifol tcsif;csif;qkdygu vlymef
  • 53. *sDa[mol 52 eSifh vrf;avSsmufymefudk junfhjyD; rnfolrnf0g cGJjcm;ekdifavonf/ t&yfjrifhjyD; cyfav;av; avSsmufavh &Sdaom udk&ifarmif ymefudkvnf; cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; rSwfrdjuonf/ ausmif;om;rsm;onf taqmifa&S h wGif jzwfavSsmuf&if; taqmifwGif;odk hiJhapmif;junfhjuavonf/ ]ymdwf 1mmjunfhwmvJ? rr,fr r&Sd1ml;} axG;axG;onf eSmacgif;udk vufeSifhydwfcg eSmoHav;eSifh toHzsufí atmfvdkufonf/ toHudk rSwfrdoGm;ygu udk,fhtvSnfhusvSsif aoatmifcH&rnfrdk haxG;axG;vnf; ajumufwwf&Smavonf/ ]yma&; tmudk; 1m,fwGm;rvJ? rr,fru vufzufpm;ygOD;wJh tmudk;} cifcsdKwkd hrwm;edkifrD 'kwd,tjudrf atmfjyefonf/ ausmif;om;rsm;qDrS &,foHusdwfusdwfudk jum;&onf/ udk&ifarmifonf taqmif1mufodk hjunfhcsif&ufeSifh acgif;iJhjyD;rjunfh0Hh&Smawmhay/ ndKaxG; onf axG;axG; aygifwGif;ajumudk qGJvdrfawmhonf/ ]yma&; 1mmaumif;vJ? u,fygOD; tmudk;? rr,fr emhudk qdwfaew,f} axG;axG;onf ravSsmh1mJ uJí atmfavonf/ *sDaymmonf &wem? tif;vsm;paom rdef;uav; aqmifrsm;eSifh rwlacs/ taqmifeSifh vrf;uyfaeaomajumifh toHcyfus,fus,f ajymqdkvdkufvSsifyif vrf;rS aumif;aumif; jum;&avonf/ axG;axG; aumif;rSKajumifh udk&ifarmifonf rnfonfh1mufrS rvSnfh0Hhawmh1mJ ZufjuD;ckdifoGm;&Smonf/ ol ha1m;rS ausmif;om;rsm;onfum; toHtkyfjyD; usdwf&,fae juonf/ cifcsdKwdk hvnf; tjyifwGif jumjumrae0Hh? tcef;xJ 0ifajy;ju&onf/ taqmifrSL;odoGm;ygu woDwwef;juD; tqlcH&rnf pdk;aomajumifh jzpfygonf/ * * *
  • 54. rpE´m 53 (15) ]OD;atmifnGef heJ hpdkif;&Dvdwfu oHk;wef;? OD;atmifodef;eJ harmifarmifzkef;u av;wef;? tl&Sm;aumheJ h &kd'D,dkaemhzfu ig;wef; ajcmufwef;? OD;rsdK;jrifhpdef XmerSL;? tdk*sDaumh? tl&Sm;aumh? 'dk&dkzD;,uf? OD;rsdK;jrifhpdef XmerSL;} udk0if;ekdifonf AdokumoDcsif;udk atmfqdk&if; yHkqGJaeonf/ ]tdk1mvm'D; tddk1mvm'g} oDcsif;tvdkuf q&mrsm;trnfoGif;um zsufqdkxm;jcif; jzpf/ oDcsif;tvdkuf ajyajyvnfvnf qdkedkifaomajumifh wrsdK;wzHk em;axmifí aumif;avonf/ Adokum ausmif;olausmif;om;tm;vHk;vdkvdkyif toHaumif;ola&m? raumif;olyg yHkpHpdwful;&if; qGJ&if; oDcsif;jiD;avh&Sdjuonfudk cifcsdK owdxm;rdonf/ pdwftm&Hkudk yHkpHxJwGif pl;pdkufjyD; epfjrKyfae csdefwGif yg;pyfrS tvdkvdkyif oDcsif;oH xGufvmwwfjuayonf/ pum;ajymvSsif xpfaom armifjrifhyif yHkqGJ&if; oDcsif;qkdaomtcg vHk;0rxpfawmhacs/ ]cifcsdK qGJvdk hjyD;vkjyDvm;? 1mmidkifaewmvJ} ]ajomf axG;axG;} axG;axG;onf yHkqGJrifvdkufwHudk udkif&if; idkifaeaom cifcdsK ykcHk;udk zswfceJ ykwfvdkufonf/ qwfceJ wkefoGm;aom cifcsdKudkk junfhjyD; ymufymufyufyuf &,faeavonf/ &,fp&mudk &SmjyD; &,fae avh&Sdaom axG;axG; rsufeSmekekav;onf &TifcsdKaewwfavonf/ ]cifcsdK 1mmawG awG;aewmvJ} ]1mm&,frymkwfyg1ml;? 'DvkdygyJ} ]cifcsdKurS 'DZdkif;xGufaejyD? awmfao;w,f? axG;axG;jzifh 'DZdkif;awmifr&ao;1ml;? yHkpHujzifh wif& cgeD;aejyD} cifcsdKqGJvufp tdrfyHkpHi,fav;udk junfhae&if; axG;axG;u ajymavonf/ q&mrsm;u yHkpHwpfck qGJckdif;vdkufvSsif rnfuJhodk haom taqmuftOD;ypönf;udk oHk;jyD; rnfuJhodk haom yHkpHudk wnfaqmufrnfymk OD;aeSmufcsmcsmvnfatmif pOf;pm;&onfrSm cifcsdKwdk h Adokum ausmif;om;rsm;tvkyfyifjzpf/ OD;aeSmufrS pOf;pm;í a&;a&;rSs xGufvmaomtcg wu,faqmufekdif raqmufekdif csí qGJjunfhju&avonf/ qGJí jyD;aomtcg yHkpHi,fuav;udkyg puúLjym;rsm;eSifh uyfjyD; wnfaqmufju&avonf/ yHkpHi,fuav;wGif wu,ftaqmuftODeSifh wlap&ef um;uav;rsm;? vluav;rsm;? opfyifuav;rsm;udk ol hpau;eSifhol
  • 55. *sDa[mol 54 xnfhoGif; ay;wwfjuonf/ cifcsdKwdk htwGuf opfyifrsm;? um;rsm;udk ndKaxG;eSifh a0a0wdk honf 'dkifcHul jyD; vkyfay;avh&Sdjuonf/ ]ndKaxG;u ajymw,f 'Dwpfcg um;a&mif;pm;r,fwJh? wpfum;udk wpfrwfwJh} wpfvufrvSsif q,fhajcmufayeSKef;eSifh vkyfxm;aom ndKaxG;puúLum;av;rsm;onf vufr avmufom &Sdavonf/ aemufqHk;ay: rSefum;yHkav;rsm;udk awG;jyD; pdwf&Snfvuf&SnfjyKvkyfumaq;a&mif awmufawmuf okwfay;avh&Sdaom ndKaxG; um;av;rsm;onf cifcsdKwdk h taqmuftODi,fav;rsm; eSifh vdkufzufvSonf/ wpfcgwpf&Hk &dk;yHkpHrsm; jyKvkyf&aomtcg vrf;rjuD;wGif ajy;qGJaom ymD;edk;um; av;rsm;udkyg pdwfvdkvuf& jyKvkyfay;wwfavonf/ ]'Daumif pD;yGm;a&; aomif;usef;w,f? ymdkwpfcgwkef;u opfyifwpfyif q,fjym;ay;&w,f} ]'Dwpfcg pmar;yGJeD;ae&ufeJ hulvkyfay;&wmrdk hwpfrwfwJh? aps;wufoGm;w,f} ]aumif;wmayghymm? acG;rav; ndKaxG;} cifcsdKonf rausreyfeSifh ajymrdonf/ nKdaxG;ymlonfh ndKaxG;onf ulp&m&SdvSsif rjiD;rjiL apwem &Sd&SdeSifh ulavh&Sdavonf/ odk haomf wpfcgwpf&H aAGqdk;azmufjyD; apwemudk aiGeSifh wefzdk;jzwfum vufzufokwf 0,fpm;wwfaom owå0gav;jzpf/ ]cifcsddK xrif;pm;cef;eJ hrD;zdkcef;wGJxm;rSmyJvm;? axG;axG;awmh wjcm;pDxm;wm judkufw,f} ]wjcm;pDxm;wmu tdrfazmfrsm;rsm;?xrif;csufowfowfxm;edkif&ifawmhymkwfwmaygh? tdrf&SifruyJ csuf&wJh tdrfrSm xrif;pm;cef;eJ hrD;zdka0;ae&if raumif;1ml; xifw,f} ]tif; 'gvJ ymkwfwmyJ} ]aemufjyD; 'dk hjrefrmtdrfawGu ekdifiHjcm;vdk rymkwf1ml;? rD;zdkacsmifrSm pm;yGJ0kdif;av;eJ h pkpm;wwf juwm? wnif;oD;qm;pdrftdk;utp? iHjym&nf? ig;yd? ig;ajcmuf tqHk; rD;zdkrSm xm;wwfjuwmrdk hrD;zdkvJ us,fus,fvkdw,f} ]at; ymkwfw,f? rD;zdkrus,f&ifvJ odkavSmifcef;av; &SdygrS? 'grSrymkwf&if wnif;oD; qm;pdrfeH h ymm tdrfcef;em;txd e,fcsJ hvma&m? tJ'gawGu pm;vdk hom aumif;wm? &SLvdk h awmh w,fraumif;1ml; aem} axG;axG;onf awG;awG;qqav;ajymjyD; &,faeavonf/ axG;axG;onf uav;qefvGef; aomfvnf; wpfcgwpf&HwGifrl twnfayguf awG;wwfavonf/ odk haomf q,fcgwpfcgom twnf awG;wwfaom axG;axG;udk rnfolurS vljuD;t&m roGif;wwfacs/ ol hqdkvSsif wpfqihfeSdrfhhjyD; uav; ozG,f oa1mmxm;avh&Sdojzifh axG;axG;onf tvGefa'goxGufavh&Sdonf/ ]aym; jyD;jyDvm;? jyD;jyDvm; qGJvdk hjyD;jujyDvm;? yHkpHwifzdk hu zifem;uyfaejyDaem} udkoef;a0onf twef;xJodk htajy;tvTm; 0ifvm&if; ajymonf/ ol hvufxJwGif yHkpHi,fjyKvkyf&ef aumf1ml;rsm;? puúLjym;rsm;udk wayG hwydkufjuD; udkifxm;avonf/ cg;jum;xJwGifrl uwfaju;wpfvufudk xdk;xm;onf/
  • 56. rpE´m 55 ]udkoef;a0 taqmifu vmwmvm;} ]ymifhtif; pyg;vHk;a&G;jyD; jyefvmwm} ]1mmymif;vJ} ]1mJOa&ajumfeJ hjuuf&dk;ymif;} taqmifrS auGs;aom xrif;onf trsm;pmcsufonfrdk hpyg;vHk; ra&G;ekdif1mJ csufju&avonf/ xkd h ajumifh xrif;xJwGif pyg;vHk;rsm; edkifcsif; ygavh&Sdonf/ xrif;pm;vSsif pyg;vHk;a&G;&onfrSmvnf; tvkyf wpfvkyf jzpfaeavonf/ xkd hajumifh ausmif;om;rsm;onf xrif;pm;aqmifodk hxrif;pm;&efoGm; onfudkyif pyg;vHk;a&G;&ef oGm;onfymk ajymavh&Sdjuonf/ xrif;wpfyef;uefvSsif pyg;vHk; tvHk;oHk;q, eSifh av;q,fjum; ygavh&Sdonfymk ajymjuonf/ ]a0a0url pyg;vHk;vJ txJrSm xrif;yJ 1mmjzpfovJ} ymk ajymum *&kwpdkuf z,favhr&Sdacs/ ]cifcsdK cifAsm; ndKaxG;eJ hcifovm;} ]cifw,fav 1mmjzpfvdk h} udkoef;a0onf cg;jum;xJrS uyfaju;udk tHqGJxJ xnfhvdkufjyD; qGJvufpyHkudk qufqGJ&ef cJwH cGsefaeonf/ ]aymm q&mvmjyD} cifcsdKonf taotcsm ar;rnfymk ymefjyifaepOf q&m0ifvmí tomjidrf&if; yHHkqufqGJae&onf/ wpfavmu ausmif;tajy;rsm;oGm;ojzifh cifcsdKwdk hwpfawG ckwpfavm ausmif;rSefrSef wufae&onf/ pm;aomufqdkifxJwGif xGufajy;&onfhtjzpfudkrl q&mjuD; rodí awmfygao;onf/ yHkpHqGJí wifonf qkdaomfvnf; udk,fxif&m udk,fqGJedkifjuonf rymkwfay/ twef;ydkifq&meSifh wpfqifhjyD; wpfqifh tajutvnf aqG;aEG;jyD;rS *sL&D wifju&onf jzpfonf/ cifcsdKwdk hq&mjuD;onf wpfOD;pD vdkufjunfhjyD; qGJxm;aom yHkpHrsm;udk taumif;tqdk; nTefjyjyD; aqG;aEG;avonf/ cifcsdK ta&S h1mufcHkrS ,keSifhq&monf jiif;aejuonf/ ,kqGJxm;aom yHkpHwGif jrefrmqef ap&efymk jyom'fvdkvdk tcGseftwufrsm; xnfhcdkif;aeavonf/ 1mmoma&; taqmuftODrymkwfonfh twGuf ,kuvnf; rxnfhvdkay/ edkifiHjcm;om;q&meSifh oif&onfrSm wpfcgwpf&H jrefrmrSK? jrefrmymefeSifh ywfowfjyD; jyóemay:wwfavonf/ trSwf&vSsif jyD;a&mymk q&mhtjudkufvdkufjyD; wHpufjrdwfutp yef;qGJvdkvdk twGef huav; rsm;eSifh jyKvkyfjyefaomtcgüvnf; tlajumifajumif taqmuftOD jzpfoGm; wwfjuavonf/ ]udkoef;a0? ndKaxG;tajumif; 1mmvdk har;wmvJ} q&m tvkyfrsm;aepOf cifcsdKonf ukdoef;a0udk wdk;wdk;av;vSnfhjyD; ar;rdavonf/ ]cifAsm; udk&ifarmifudk odvm;} ]odom;yJ}
  • 57. *sDa[mol 56 ]ajomf olu ajymvdk hyg? cifcsdKeJ hndKaxG;eJ hcifw,fxifygw,fwJh] ]tif;av tJ'g 1mmjzpfvJ? 1mmeJ hpum;pyfrdvdk hvJ} ]ndKaxG;tajumif; ajym&if;yg? ndKaxG; a1mmfvDa1mmupm;wmudk ajymjyD; taqmifrSm &,faeju w,f? ol howådudkawmh tm;vHk; csD;usL;aejuw,fav} ]ndKaxG;av; oem;ygw,f} ]cifcsdK cifAsm;eJ hudk&ifarmifeJ hwpfavwnf;yJ? udk&ifarmifuvJ oem;ygw,fwJh? ol h rsufeSmav; ymm eD&JjyD; t&rf;&Sufaeayr,fh r&Sufcsifa,mifaqmifjyD; qufupm;aewmudk oem;p&m aumif;aewmwJh} udkoef;a0onf ajym&if;wef;vef; ol htem;odk hq&ma&mufvmonfhtwGuf ]r*Fvm eHeufcif;yg q&m} ymk eSKwfquf&if; rwfwyf&yfvkdufonf/ cifcsdKeSifhvnf; pum;jywfoGm;avonf/ ymefrysuf yHkqufqGJaeaomfvnf; cifcsdK hpdwfrsm; a0aeonf/ r0g? rdeSifh a0a0? armfarmf wdk hwawG wpfvc pDjyKwf&ef ta&;onf wjznf;jznf; zefvmaejyD xifygonf/ * * *
  • 58. rpE´m 57 (16) ]zefvmi,fa&;i,f? ajomf zefvmi,fa&;? at; - aym; i,f - tdk - ymdk - ymdk &,fvJ&,fcsif idkvJ idkcsifw,f} a0a0onf ol hvufxJrS yef;a&mifpm&GufeSifh pm&GuftjzLuav;udk ,SOfvsuf axmifjy&if; aygufu& atmfaeavonf/ ol ha1m;wGif armfarmfonf jyHK;pyfpyfuav; xdkifaeonf/ ol hjunfh&onfrSm tawmf&,fcsifaeymef &Sdonf/ ]1mmjzpfvdk hvJ a0a0} ]ajym rajymcsifawmh1ml;? rajymcsifawmhyg1ml; yml; yml; yml;} a0a0onf pdwfysufvufysuf atmfavonf/ armfarmfurl 1mmrSrajym1mJ a0a0hvufxJrS pm&Guf eSpf&Gufudk qGJ,ljyD; cifcdsK hqDodk hurf;ay;onf/ ]cspf&vGef;aom a0wJh? tymrf; - 1m,fol hqDuvJ rda0} ]'o*D&dqDu - tJ'g xm;ygOD;? ymdkpmzwfygOD;} a0a0onf tdyf,may:wGif yufvuf vSJae&if; 1mdef;pm;oHav;eSifh ajymavonf/ odk h ajumifh cifcsdKvnf; pm&GufjzLav;udk zGifhzwfjzpfonf/ ]orD;av;a0a0wJh? ymm rda0 eifhtarqDu pm 1mmvkyfzkd hwHk;} ]qufzwfygOD;av} ]orD;av; aeaumif;vdrfhrnfymk xifygonf/ pmar;yGJeD;í pmjudk;pm;ae&ojzifh yifyef;aevdrfhrnf xifygonf/ arar vljuHkeSifh tm;aq;rsm; ay;ydk hvdkufygonf/ arar azmfay;vdkufaom aoG;aq;udkvnf; rSefrSefaomufyg} ]ymm eifhymmawGuvJ 1mmrS pdwf0ifpm;p&m ryg? aymm - aymm - awG hjyD} ymdkwpfae hu ararh oli,fcsif; r&ifjreJ hawG hygonf/ om;ajumif; orD;ajumif; ajymju&if; ol h om;vnf; orD;wdk hausmif;rSm &Sdonfymk od&onf/ orD;eSifh wpfeSpfwnf; a&mufonfymk ajymygonf/ armif&ifarmif t&yfjrifhjrifh ymk ajymygonf/ ]tvJh - igwdk hudk&ifarmifayghaemf}
  • 59. *sDa[mol 58 ]ararwdk holi,fcsif; tcsif;csif; uGJoGm;juwm tawmfjumjyD; ckrS jyefawG hjcif; jzpfonf/ aemif aqGrsdK;awmfju&ef orD;eSifh om;udk ae&mcsay;&&if raumif;vm;ymk r&ifjru ajymaeygao;onf/ ]ym,f - ym,f - ym,f} cifcsdKonf pmudk qufrzwfjzpfawmh1mJ vufxJrS pm&GufvGwfusoGm;ygonf/ yg;pyftaymmif;om; jzpfoGm;aom cifcsdK hudk a0a0onf &,fcsifidkcsif rsufeSmxm;uav;eSifh ajumifai;ai; jyefjunfhae avonf/ ]ym,f juHkrS juHkwwfw,f} ]at;uG,f juHk&w,f} ar;udk vufeSifh pHk axmufum jyHK;rJhrJh jzpfaeaom armfarmfonf cyfnnf;nnf;av; ajymonf/ a0a0u 1mmrajym nmrajymeSifh ymufymufyufyuf x&,faomtcgwGifum; cifcsdKa&m armfarmfyg &,fjzpfjuavonf/ udk&ifarmifwpfa,mufawmh rsufcHk;vSKyfa&mhrnf xifonf/ ]a0a0 1m,fvdk oa1mm&wHk;} ]1mmudkvJ} ]udk&ifarmifh udpöudkav} tymuf a0a0awmh udk,fhvcav; wpfvcjyKwfatmif udk,fhymmukd,f tm;judk;rmefwuf judk;pm; &OD;rSmaygh} ]1m,f vdk} ]udk&ifarmif ndKaxG;udk judkufw,fvdk haocsm&if a0a0wkd h&SHK;r,f rymkwfvm;? t&ifwkef;uawmh &SHkK;rSm ajumufvdk h&efuem;awmif vkyfcJh&ao;w,f? ckawmh &SHK;atmif vdk hudk judk;pm;&OD;r,f} ]qkdygawmh &SHK;awmh 1mmvkyfrvJ} ]&SHK;awmh tarhudk ajym&rSmaygh? yma&; trm; - &ifarmifaemf raumif;1ml; &Sdw,f? olav trm; orD;udk rjudkuf1ml;? ndKaxG;vdk hac:w,faemf? t*FgorD;udk judkufw,f? trm;orD;eJ h ay;pm;vdk haemf? trsm;juD; 'Gwfca&mufr,fvdk hajym&rSmaygh} &efuem;aveSifhajym&if; a0a0onf &,faeavonf/ cspfa&;judkufa&; tdrfaxmifa&;udk vHk;0rpOf;pm;ao;aom a0a0onf udk&ifarmifeSifh ndKaxG; eD;pyf&ef tm;oGefcGefpdkuf judk;yrf;awmhrnf xifonf/ tlvnfcsmvnf vdkufaeaom jyóemxJwGif w&m;oljuD; cifcsdKwpfa,mufawmh *Gsrf;om vSdrfhjyD; xkd;csifpdwf aygufvmonf/ ]1m,fymkwfrvJ rda0a0? &SHK;&if eifwpfa,mufwnf; rymkwf1ml;? igwkd hyg &SHK;rSm? udk&ifarmifeJ hae&m csrSm eifom oa1mmwlvdkuf&if igwdk htukefedkifa&m} ]tvkdav; - av; - rvkyfvdkufygeJ h}
  • 60. rpE´m 59 armfarmfu rausreyf 0ifajymaomtcg a0a0onf ajcum;,m; vufum;,m;eSifh atmfaeavonf/ ol hudk junfh&onfrSm &,fp&mvnf; aumif;onf/ pdwfnpfp&mvnf; aumif;vSonf/ ]trfrmav; tar&J h? 1mmjzpfvdk hrsm; udk&ifarmifqkdwJhvl&J htareJ hrsm; oGm;jyD; oli,fcsif; awmf&wmvJ? ataym;aym; - oli,fcsif;awmf&wHk; ymHk; - ymHk;} ]ym,f a0a0 1mmjzpfaewmvJ} tdyf,may:wGif yufvufvSeftdyf&if; awG hu&m atmfum idkcsif;csaeaom a0a0hudk tcef;xJ 0ifvmaom ndKaxG;onf wtHhwjo junfhaeonf/ jzLwpf0uf eDwpf0uf jzpfaeaom a0a0hrsufeSmav; onf ndKaxG;udk awG haomtcg aoG;a&mifvSsrf;vmonf/ ]rdndKaxG; - csmwl; avayg} ]ymif} ]tvum; tD;aygavm} ]ymm} ]avjuGm;} ]aymmawmh} 1mmrajym nmrajym xqJaeaom a0a0hudk ndKaxG;onf jyL;ajumifajumifav; junfhaeavonf/ ndKaxG;vufxJwGif udkifxm;aom yk@&dyfyef;eDeDav;rsm;udk awG h&ojzifh ndKaxG;wpfa,muf vrf;avSsmuf &mrS jyefvmjcif; jzpfymefwlonfymk cifcsdKawG;rdavonf/ ]tvum; avayg tD;aygavm} ]ymif rda0a0 eif1mmjzpfaewHk;} tuste rsufpdrSdwfum wpfckjyD;wpfck pOf;pm;a&&Gwfaeaom a0a0 ykcHk;udk ndKaxG;onf udkifvSKyfaeavonf/ ol hjunfh&onfrSm tawmfyif rcHcsd rcHom jzpfaeyHk &onf/ ]1m,frvJ udk&ifarmihfqDu &nf;pm;pm} ]ajomf 'gvm;} ]rjumcif &ygaphr,fqdk avjuGm;uav;&J h} ndKaxG;rsufeSmwGif rmea&mifvTrf;oGm;avonf/ yk@&dyfyef;uav;rsm;udk pm;yGJay: ypfwifvkduf jyD; a0a0hudk cyfawGawGav; junfhaeonf/ ]tajymeJ htvkyfqdkwm nDrSaumif;wm} rcHcsd rcHom ajymaeaom a0a0hudk armfarmfonf tomvufukwfaeonf/ cifcsdKurl 1mm0ifajym &rSef; rodonfhtwGuf jidrfaerdonf/
  • 61. *sDa[mol 60 ]rdndKaxG;wdk hu rjzpfekdif&if rajym1ml;? od&J hvm;? apmifhjunfhaygh? a0a0wkd hrif;om;juD; &ifuGJr,fhae hudk apmifhjunfhaygh} ndKaxG;u rmefygyg ajymaomtcg a0a0onf usdwfí jyHK;aeavonf/ armfarmfurl oufjyif;cs&Smonf/ pufrSKpum;eSifh ajym&vSsifrl at;aeaompufudk csm*sif0ifatmif rme a&avmif;aejyD ymk ajym&rnf xifygonf/ a0a0 rw&m;ymk cifcsdK awG;rdonf/ jyóemt&SKyfawmfyHkxJwGif 1mmrS 0ifrajym1mJ at;at;aq;aq; ikwfwkwf prÜ,faeaom w&m;oljuFD; cifcsdKvnf; tawmfyif csmvS ygao;onf/ * * *
  • 62. rpE´m 61 (17) ]csmvdkufwmymm - igheS,f? aoygawmh? jyD;umeD;usrS xyfjyD; rSm;oGm;w,f? aoym} r0gonf vufeSpfzufudk pHkcgjyD; ckefaeonf/ wpfausmif;vHk; jidrfwdwfae&mrS pmar;yGJ tcsdefaph acgif;avmif;xdk;jyD;onfeSifh a0gceJ qlnHoGm;avonf/ cgcsOftHkudk wkwfeSifh xdk;ovdk ausmif;om;rsm; onf taygufrS vSsHjyD; xGufvmjuonf/ ar;cGef;pm&Gufrsm;udk udkifjyD; tajzwdkufjuaom toHrsm;onf wpfOD;eSifhwpfOD; rjum;edkifavmufatmifyif qlnHaeonf/ r0gonf ckefaygufjyD; xGufvmonf/ ol h aemuf1mufwGif rrcifeSifh rdonf acgif;csif;qkdifum tajzwdkufaejuonf/ ]aym; ajzedkifvm;? ajzedkifvm;} cifcsdKwdk hrajz&aom 1mmomrsm;udk tayguf0rSqD;jyD; olwkd hudk jukdk&onf/ rdujyHK;aeaomfvnf; r0gu &SHK hrJhaeonf/ wpfzufcef;rS a0a0eSifharmfarmfurl &,fusJusJ eSifhxGufvmjuavonf/ olwkd ha1m;rS ndKaxG;url rsufarSmifjuKwf&if; ar;cGef;vTmudk tjyefjyef tvSefvSef junfh&onf/ ]ndKaxG;ajzekdifvm;} ]odyfr&1ml;} ]awmfprf;ygym,f? r&1ml; r&1ml;eJ htcsdefwef&if *&dwfzdk;eJ hzdkufuudk atmufrus1ml;} ]'dk huawmh &Sif;&Sif;yJ? *&dwfzdk;avmufawmh 0ifw,fuG} ]r0gawmh *&dwfo&D;yJ xifyg&J h? ,leJ hyDawmh vGwfr,f xifyg&J h} cifcsdKapmifhaeaom tvkyf&HkatmufwGif vlpkrdjuonf/ pmar;yGJaemufqHk;&ufrdk hcifcsdKwdk h tm;vHk; &kyf&Sifjunhf&ef pDpOfxm;juonf/ pmar;yGJjyD;vSsif aEGausmif;ydwf&uf pjyD jzpfavonf/ odk haomfvnf; cifcsdKwdk haemufqHk;eSpf ausmif;om; ausmif;olrsm; wpfOD;wpfa,mufrSs tdrfrjyefju&ay/ 1mGJ h,lppfwrf; twGuf pkaqmif;avhvmrSKrsm;ukd jyKvkyfaeju&rnf jzpfonf/ ]aymm - udk&ifarmif? udk&ifarmif ajzekdifvm;} ]ajomf - a0a0 toifhtwifhygyJAsm? 1m,fheS,fhvJ vlpHkvSacsuvm;} ]tymJ vlpHkqdk &kyf&SifoGm;jurvdk h} ]1mmum;vJAs}
  • 63. *sDa[mol 62 ]&&mum;yJ? vufrSwf&wJhum; 0ifjunfhjurSmyJ} ]ymm; aysmfp&mjuD;} ]vdkufcJhygvm;} a,musfm;av;wpfOD;udk eSKwfoGufvSsmoGufeSifhh &kyf&Sifjunfh&ef zdwfac:vdkufaom a0a0hudk rrcif onf rodrom rsufapmif;xdk;avonf/ a0a0u rodcsifa,mifaqmifaeonf/ udk&ifarmifu ndKaxG;udk a0hceJ junfhvdkufaomtcgüvnf; ndKaxG;onf rodymef jyKaeavonf/ ]uGsefawmfwdk ha,musfm;om;eSpfa,mufxJudk rw&m;awmh rvkyfjuygeJ haemf} Apfwmonf eSmacgif;ay:usvmaom rsufrSefxljuD;udk vufeSifh yifhwifvdkuf&if; &,fp&mvdkvdk ajymonf/ cifcsdKwdk hvlpkeSifh &kyf&Sifvdkufjunfhcsifaomfvnf; r&Jw&J ajumufaeymef &Sdonf/ ]aym; tcsdefeD;jyD oGm;jur,f} rrcifu avmaqmfvdkufaomtcg tm;vHk;xGufvmjzpfjuavonf/ udk&ifarmifESifh Apfwmvnf; a,mifvnfvnfeSifh ygvmjuonf/ a0a0awmh taqmifa&mufvSsif acgif;acgufcH&awmhrnf jzpf/ ]ndKaxG; ajzekdifvm;} ]'DvkdygyJ? atmifawmh atmifygvdrfhr,f} ]*&dwfzdkuf 0ifw,fxifyg&J h} ]ajomf txifrjuD;ygeJ h} ndKaxG;onf yg;csdKifhav;ay:atmif jyKH;&,f&if; ajzonf/ 1mwfpfum;qdyf ta&mufwGif ndKaxG; acgif;rS jyKwfusoGm;aom pHy,fukH;av;udk udk&ifarmifu aumufay;vdkufonf/ ]ndKaxG; yef;odyfjudkufw,fxifw,f} ]1mmjzpfvdk h} ]ajomf tjrJwrf; yef;wpfrsdK;rsdK;awmh yefxm;wmvdk hyg} a0a0hudk tajumif;jyKjyD;vdkufvmaom udk&ifarmifonf ndKaxG;eSifh pum;vufqHkusaeaomtcg cifcsdK tawmf&,fcsifaeonf/ rda0a0 ynmpGrf;awG jyaejyD xifonf/ w&m;oljuD;vnf; 0goemygonf rdk holwkd hajymaeaom pum;rsm;udk em;pGifhaxmifrdonf/ ]rda0a0 acG;r} armfarmfonf a0a0hudk usdwfjyD; qdwfum toHtkyfeSifh qJavonf/ omoemzsuf&rnfh ta&;wGif wm0efudk ausyGefpGm rxrf;aqmif1mJ omoem tjyKaumif;? a&tavmif;aumif;aeonfh a0a0hajumifh avmif;aju;&SHK;awmhrnfudk awG;jyD; &ifav;aeymef &Sdonf/ ]ndKaxG; 1mmyef;tjudkufqHk;vJ}
  • 64. rpE´m 63 ]judkufwmcsnf;ygyJ} ]uHhaumfa&m} ]judkufwmaygh} ]uGsefawmfwdk htaqmifem;u uHhaumfawG zl;ukefjyD} uHhaumfyifrsm;onf pufrSKwuúodkvf0if;xJwGif tawmfrsm;rsm; &Sdaomfvnf; rdef;uav;taqmif em;wGif r&Sd1mJ a,musfm;av;aqmif1mufwGif jzpfonf/ cifcsdKwdk h rdef;uav;rsm;onf a,musfm;av; aqmifa&S hu uHhaumfyifudk oGm;cl;&Javmufatmifum; owådraumif;vSay/ reuftapmjuD; ausmif;om; rsm; redk;rD wdwfwdwfuav; oGm;cl;&ef juHpnfjuao;onf/ armifrif;juD;om; ausmif;om;rsm;onf nuwnf; u tzl;juD;juD;rsm;udk cl;jyD; a&pdrfxm;juonfymk qdkonf/ uHhaumfonf tyifay:wGifyif wpfyGifhrS ryGifhju&&Smay/ zefcGufxJwGif yGifhaom yef;av;rsm;onf cifrif&m cifrifajumif; eD;pyf&m ausmif;olrsm;xHodk ha&mufvmwwfonf/ tyifay:wGif tyGifh&SdrnfrymkwfavonfhtwGuf reuftapm juD; vlredk;rD yef;cl;&ef juHaom cifcsdKwdk h vnf; tjuHudk vufavSsmhvdkufju&avonf/ udk&ifarmifuawmh ndKaxG;udk yef;judkufovm;ymk ar;aeayjyD/ taqmifapmifhjuD;rSwqifh uHhaumfyef;av;rsm; a&mufvmvSsif cifcsdKwdk huyfyef&OD;rnf xifonf/ a0a0onf cifcsdK h udk tomvuf ukwfjyD; rsufpdwpfzuf rSdwfum vufraxmifjyavonf/ ]q&mwkd ha& a0 aym aym} ]q&mwkd ha& a0 aym aym} ]'dk hwawG pmjudk;pm; zsm;juyg&J hAsm;} ]0g;} ]'dk hwawG *&dwf0rf; ray;ygeJ hvm;} ]0g;} ausmif;om;wpfodkufonf atmf&if;ympf&if; oHcsyfxdk;um xGufvmjuonf/ jyHK;oljyHK; rJholrJh &,fol&,f rSdKifolrSdKifeSifh qlnHaejuonf/ ]aym; um;acsmifw,f wufju wufju} eHygwf&Spfum;wpfpD; xdk;tqdkufwGif cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; wdk;a0S hwufcJhjuonf/ um;wpfpD;vHk; ausmif;olausmif;om;rsm;om jzpfaeordk hqlnHaeonf/ vrf;rawmftxd c&D;&Snf pD;&rnfjzpfojzifh cifcsdKwdk honf um;a&S hydkif;txd wkd;vmcJhjuonf/ ]þazudk,fjuHwm rajyvnfvm;} ,SOfvsuf &yfaeaom udk&ifarmifeSihf ndKaxG;udk ar;aighjy&if; a0a0u jyHK;pyfpyfeSifh ajymonf/ wwfvnf; wwfedkifaom uav;rav; jzpfonf/
  • 65. *sDa[mol 64 ]&kyf&Sif&HkxJodk ha&mufaomtcgwGifum; rda0a0 ukvm;zef rxdk;ekdif&Smawmhay/ juHkovdk0ifjyD; xkdifju&aomajumifh ndKaxG;eSifh udk&ifarmif uyfjyD;xkdif&ef rjuHedkif&Smawmhay/ udk&ifarmifha1m;wGif &SHK hrJhrJh av;xkdifae&aom a0a0hudk junfh&if; armfarmfonf usdwfí &,faeavonf/ jyHK;usJusJeSifh rsufpd wpfzufrSdwfjyaom r0gudk junfhum &SHK haeaoma0a0hrsufeSmav;wGifeSKwfcrf;juD;uplxGuf vmavonf/ ]udk&ifarmifwdk htaqmifem;u uHhaumfawG t&rf;zl;aejyDaem? a0a0wkd htJ'Dyef;awG vmcl;csifvdkufwm? ndKaxG;qkd&if uHhaumf odyfjudkufwm? a0a0wkd htxJrSm ndKaxG;u yef;tjudkufwwfqHk;} &kyf&Sifpí jyaecsdefwGifyif a0a0htoHudk wkd;wkd;av; jum;ae&ao;onf/ wwftm;orSs avSmfae aom a0a0hudk junfh&if; cifcsdK tawmf&,fcsifaeonf/ * * *
  • 66. rpE´m 65 (18) ]odyf&,fp&maumif;wmyJ cifcdsKa&? ymm; ymm; vmjunfh vmjunfh} axG;axG;onf tcef;a&S haumf&pf'gvloGm;vrf;wGif xdkifae&if; cifcsdK hudk cyftkyftkyf vSrf;ac: onf/ ]aymm'DrSm aymm'DrSm? tkef;yifatmufudk apmif;juD;ydkufvdk h0ifajy;w,f} aEGausmif;tm;&ufrsm;wGif ausmif;om;rsm;onf n1mufusvSsif rdef;uav;taqmifrsm; 1mufodk h vm&if; oDcsif;qdkavh&Sdonf/ udktHhjuD; oDcsif;at;at;av;rsm;udk r,f'vifeSifh omomav;wD;cwf wwfol &Sdovdk *DwmeSifh 1mDwJvf oDcsif;qdkolrsm;vnf; &Sdonf/ attaqmifrS yavGoHurl pdwfonf avxJwGif vGifhajrmoGm;avmufatmifyif om,mvSonf/ tzGJ haygif;pHkwGif apmif;juD;ydkufjyD; pnf;eSifh *syfudkifumvmaom oDcsif;juD;tzGJ hrsm;vnf; ygonf/ taqmifa&S hwGif wifyvif acGxdkifum apmif;juD;udkd nif;ajymif;pGm wD;cwf&if; *Dwpsmef0ifaepOf um;jzwfoGm;jyD; um;rD;xdk;aom tcgrsm;wGifum; xajy;wwfjuonf/ rnfol rnfrSs ajumif&Jonf qdkqdk rdef;uav;taqmifa&S hwGif apmif;juD;ydkufvsufom; ikwfwkwfjuD; um;rD;txdk;awmh rcH0Hhju&Smay/ ,ckvnf; tkef;yifaemufodk h 0ifajy;aom ausmif;om;wpfOD;udk junfh&if; axG;axG;onf tm;rem yg;rem wcGD;cGD;eSifh &,faeonf/ um;jzwfoGm;jyD; twefjumrS tkef;yifaemufrS olonf cyfukef;ukef;av; jyefxGufvmonf/ &,foHusdwfusdwf xGufaeaom rdef;uav;aqmifa&S hwGif jumjumrae&JawmhymefeSifh oDcsif;wpfyk'f qdkjyD; aomtcg xjyefoGm;avonf/ ]tkdufvkdufwm? tcef;xJrSm tdyf&wm ylavSmifaewmyJ} a0a0eSihfarmfarmfonf zsmwpfcsyfudk qGJ&if; tcef;tjyifxGufvmjuonf/ vloGm;vrf;rD;u vif;aeojzifh wdwfwdwfuav; oGm;jyD; ydwfvdkufjuonf/ rD;a&mifrsm; avsmhoGm;aomtcgrS avuvnf; at;vmovdk ttdkufoufomvmavonf/ odk h&mwGif vloGm;vrf;rD;udk ydwfxm;ajumif; taqmifrSL; odvSsif tqlcH&rnf jzpfonf/ taqmifaumf&pf'garSmifaejcif;udk q&mrrsm;u rjudkufay/ tcef;xJwGif tdkufojzifh tjyifxGuftdyfaom cifcsdKwdk huvnf; rD;a&mifatmufwGif rtdyfcsifjuay/ vpfvSsif vpfovdk vloGm;vrf;rD;udk cdk;jyD; ydwfxm;wwfjuonf/ ]aym; z&JoD;pm;rvm;} ]ymm pm;rSmaygh? odyfpm;rSmaygh} raxG;jrifhonf ol htcef;xJrS z&JoD;wpfvHk;rjyD; xGufvmonf/ ajrvwfydkif;wGifaeaom raxG;jrifhwdk ht&yfwGif tvGef z&JoD;aygavonf/ aEG;OD;tp z&JoD;ay:csdefwGif raxG;jrifh tdrfjyefygu
  • 67. *sDa[mol 66 z&JoD;awmif;vdkuf ygvmwwfavonf/ z&Japhrsm;udkvnf; wazsmufazsmufeSifh wpfvavmuf pm;rukef atmif o,fvmwwfavonf/ ]z&JoD;u t0gvm; teDvm;} ]t0ga&m teDa&mygw,f? judkufwmcGJ} ]eSpfckvHk; judkufw,f} ]'gjzifh eSpfckvHk;cGJ} z&JoD;juD;onf eifhaeatmifav;um tawmfjuD;vSonf/ eSpfvHk;cGJvSsif av;ig;ajcmufa,muf pm;ukefrnf rymkwfygacs/ z&JcGHxJodk h"m;oGm;ESpfvdkufvSsifyif t&nfrsm; pdrfhxGufvmatmif t&nf&Trf;vSonf/ &TD;ceJ "m;oGm;eSifhtwl z&JoD;juD; xufjcrf;uGJoGm;avonf/ taphenf;um tom;rsm;jyD; t&nf&Trf;vSaom z&JoD;eDeDrS csdKat;aom teH hu a0hxGufvmonf/ acgif;tHk;wGif rsufeSmtyfum pdwfr0ifpm;ymefeSifh tdyfaeaom rdonf z&JoD;eH hudk &SL&SdKuf&if; aigufceJ xxdkifavonf/ ]ymm csdKw,f? csdKw,f? odyfaumif;? aemufwpfvHk;qdk&if ydkaumif;OD;r,f} axG;axG;onf yxrqHk; tpdyfudk aumufpm;aejyD; aemufwpfvHk;udk rsufapmif;xdk;aeavonf/ csdKat;aeaom z&JoD;&nfonf &ifxJodk hpdrfh0ifaeoGm;jyD; at;jroGm;avonf/ aemufwpfvHk;cGJaomtcg ojum;cJuav;rsm;yif tlwdkifwGif uyfaeavonf/ z&JoD;teDeSifh t0gonf wpfvHk;eSifhwpfvHk; csdKyHkjcif; rwljuacs/ wpfrsdK;pDaumif;jyD; wpfrsdK;pD csdKjuavonf/ a0a0eSifh axG;axG;u teDudk judkufjuonf/ r0g? armfarmfeSifh rdu t0ga&mif judkufonf/ cifcsdKurl eSpfrsdK;vHk; jukdufavonf/ ]'Dae hyJ ararhqDu pmvmao;w,f} cifcsdK hvufxJrS z&JoD;pdyf tv,fom;av;udk jzwfceJ vk,lvdkuf&if; a0a0u cyfwdk;wdk;av; ajymavonf/ ]1mmwJhvJ} ]armif&ifarmifudk orD;odjyDvm;wJh? orD;oa1mmxm;a&m 1m,fvdkvJwJh- tymJ} ]ukd&ifarmifhtaruvJ ol hom;qD a0a0htajumif; pma&;avmufa&maygh} ]tJ'gqdk&ifawmh 'ku©yJ? 'gayr,fh araru orD;oa1mmar;yg&apOD;vdk hajymxm;w,fwJh} ]awmfao;wmaygh} va&mifrSdefrSdefazsmhazsmhwGif a0a0rsufeSmjyHK;jyHK;av;udk jrifae&onf/ tarh0rf;u uGswfuwnf; u ridk1mJ &,fvsufom; arG;vmaom uav;rav;rdk h,ckvnf; rjyHK;rysuf &,faeekdifjcif; jzpfvdrfhrnf xif&onf/ oloa1mmwlxm;aom owdk hom; avmif;vsmudk tonf;cGJa&;twGuf r&ao;aom tvkyf
  • 68. rpE´m 67 vcwpfvcudk avmif;aju;xyfxm;ajumif;om a0a0htarodvSsif rnfuJhodk hjzpfoGm;rnfudk cifcsdK pOf;pm; í rwwfedkifacs/ ol horD;aygufausmfudk udkifjyD; zGwfcsifvdrfhrnfum; taotcsmyif/ ]ukd&ifarmif ndKaxG;udkawmh tawmfpdwf0ifpm;aeyHkyJaemf} ]ymkwfw,f ndKaxG;u 1mmrS xl;xl;jcm;jcm; ymefa&;awmif rjyao;1ml;? armfarmfwdk hawmh &SHK;rSm ygyJ} cifcsdKu ajymaomtcg rdonf cyfwdk;wdk;av; &,fvdkufavonf/ &,fom&,fvdkufaomfvnf; rdrsufvHk;av;rsm; twGef hcsdK;um rsufarSmifav; rodrom csDaeavonf/ ]wu,fvdk hndKaxG;uyg udk&ifarmifudk jyefjyD; judkufr,f qkd&ifawmh w&m;oljuD;u t&SHK;tedkifudk 1m,fvdk qHk;jzwfrSmvJ} ]ymif} cifcsdK wpfcgrS rawG;rd? 'Djyóemudk wpfcgrS rawG;rdacs/ ndKaxG; tonf;eSvHk;udk arhxm; rdonfymk ajym&rnf xifonf/ ]ndKaxG;u 1mmajymvdk hvJ} ]tdk oluawmh 1mmajymrvJ? 'gayr,fh olu tifrwef oem;wwfwJh rdef;uav;rymkwfvm;? udk&ifarmifuvJ wu,fhudk vlaumif;vlat;wpfa,mufyJ? ndKaxG;ymm udk,fhudk wu,farwåmppfeJ h cspfvmwJh vlwpfa,muf&J heSvHk;om;udk cGJypf&ufyghrvm;? tajymeJ htaymmnDatmif vkyfedkifyghrvm;} ]ymm ym olwdk heSpfa,muf wu,fjudkufoGm;&if at;a&m? odyfaumif;rSm} ta&;xJwGif a0a0onf 0rf;omtm;& xatmfaeavonf/ cifcsdKonf vauG;auG;udk oHwdkifjum;rS iJhapmif;junfh&if; rmejuD;aom rdef;uav; u&kPm&dyforf;aom rsufvHk;ndKav;rsm;udk jrifa,mifvmrdonf/ avajyavat;u woGifoGif wkdufcwfvmaomfvnf; cifcsdK h&ifxJwGif rat;edkif atmif ylavmifaeonf/ ]trf rm av; u,fjuygOD;? tifh tifh wif;vdkuf wm} ]aymm awmh} cifcsdKwdk hpum;0kdif;udk vHk;0pdwfr0ifpm;1mJ z&JoD;wpfpdwfjyD; wpfpdwf rJpm;aeaom axG;axG;udk ,ckrSyif owdxm;rdawmhonf/ zsmay:wGif yufvufvefum wtifhtifh jzpfaeonf/ r&SLedkif ru,fekdif jzpfaeavonf/ ]axG;axG; aymh - axG;axG; 1mmjzpfaewmvJ} ]z&JoD;pm;wm odyfrsm;oGm;w,f? Adkufudk wif;azmif;aewmyJ vkyfygOD;} axG;axG;u toH,Jh,JheSifh ajymonf/ ol hAdkufudk prf;junfhaomtcg wif;jyD; at;pufaeonf/ vufeSifh ykwfjunfhaomtcg wAHkAHk jrnfvmonf/
  • 69. *sDa[mol 68 z&JoD;udkyif pm;ydk;eifhatmif pm;aom axG;axG;vdk vlrsdK;onf wpfaomif;wGif wpfa,mufyif &Sdrnf rxif/ ]plpumykPÖm;ymm zsm;vdk haowm rymkwf1ml;aemf rdaxG;&J h} r0gonf tcef;xJrS y&kyfqD1ml;udk tajy;tvTm; 0if,l&if; ajymonf/ a0a0eSifh armfarmfurl axG;axG; Adkufudk wpfvSnfhpD omomav; ykwfjunfh&if; &,faejuonf/ &,fvnf;&,fp&m ? ol h AdkufxJ wGif z&JoD;&nfrsm;eSifh wif;jznfhum wuGD;uGD; w*Gm;*Gm; jrnfaeonf/ ykwfvkdufvSsif AHkceJ jrnfum wl&d,moHxGufvmonf/ tavmif;pnfolrif;juD;jum;vSsif wl&d,mtopf wnfxGifvdrfhOD;rnf xifonf/ tavmif;pnfolrif;juD; rdzk&m;juD;onf axG;axG;vdk z&JoD;Adkufum;atmif pm;jyD; pm;ydk; reifhzl;onfhtwGuf *DwavmuwGif epfemrSKjuD; jzpfoGm;&onf/ ]plpum ykPÖm; zsm;vdk haowmrymkwf1ml;aemf? zsm;vdk haowm rymkwf1ml;} axG;axG; AdkufwGif y&kyfqDvl;ay;&if; r0gonf wjzpfawmufawmuf ajymaeavonf/ axG;axG;url 1mmrS jyefrajymedkif? AdkufjuD;vSefum pef hpef hjuD; jzpfaeonf/ y&kyfqDekdifedkif vl;ojzifh at;pufwif;azmif;aeaom Adkufonf twefi,foufomvmaom tcgrS ol h Adkufudk wpfvSnfhpD ykwfaejuaom a0a0eSifh armfarmfudk ]'o*D&d} ]acgif;rqef h}wdk heSifh ay;pm;um toHoJhoJheSifh qJaeav onf/ ]aymmawmh axG;axG; 1mmjzpfaewmvJ} ]pm;ydk;eifhvdk h} acgif;tHk;wpfvHk;ydkufum cifcsdKwdk h1muf avSsmufvmaom ndKaxG;onf AdkufjuD;vSefum y&kyfqD tvdrf;cHae&aom axG;axG;ukd junfh&if; tvef hwjum; jzpfoGm;onf/ ]'o*D&d&J h&nf;pm;u axG;axG;Adkufudk ykwfw,f? acgif;rqef h&J htqufu axG;axG; Adkufudk ykwfw,f} axG;axG;onf 1mdef;pm;oHeSifhqD;jyD; wdkifaeavonf/ olr&SLedkif ru,fedkif wtifhtifh jzpfaeonf udk a1m;rS w0g;0g; &,faejuonfhtwGuf tawmfcHjyif;aeyHk&avonf/ ]ymJh 'o*D&d&J h&nf;pm; axG;axG;udk 1mmvdk hp&wmvJ - ymGef; acgif;rqef h&J htqufaemf} ndKaxG;onf axG;axG;toHudk vdkufjyD; tajcmufwdkuf 0ifjudrf;avonf/ rrcifonf zsmwpf csyfqGJum a&mufvmjyefojzifh cifcsdKwdk hvlpkonf tawmftiftm;awmifhvmavonf/ zsmeSpfcsyfudk qufcif;um oHwdkifrsm;udk acgif;qdkufjyD; pDwef;tdyfju&onf/ tcef;xJwGif tdkufaomfvnf;tjyif1muf wGif twefi,fcsrf;oa,mif jzpfvmatmifyif at;vmonf/ ndKaxG;onf vauG;auG;udk ai;junfh&if; ]o&ufyifatmuf0,f} oDcsif;udk wdk;wdk;av; jiD;aeonf/ ndKaxG;toHonf at;aq;jyD; EGJ havonf/ ymdk; ta0;juD;rS vGifharsmí vmovdk jidrfhjyD; 0Jaeonf/ ndKaxG;u trSwfrJhqdkaejcif;jzpfaomfvnf; cifcsdKwdk h tm;vHk;jidrfjyD; em;axmifaerdjuonf/ plpum vufopf axG;axG;onfvnf; rsufawmifpif;arS;um tdyfaysmfoGm;avonf/ndKaxG; aw;oHwGif vGifharsmaejuaom cifcsdKwdk hpdwftm&Hkudk atmufzufvrf;rS oDcsif;orm;rsm;u zsufypfvdkufonf/
  • 70. rpE´m 69 ]rdef;rqdkwm a,musfm;rsm;&J h"mwfpmwpfrsdK;yg/ vlysdKjrif&if rsufapmif;xdk;vdk h? pdwfrSm wpfrsdK;yg? juufr1m,favmufwGefwGef? rdk;rvif;yg1ml;Asm} ]aymmawmh vlyg;0vdkufwm} r0gonf tdyfae&mrS vl;vJjyD; acgif;axmifjunfhonf/ taqmifa&S h1muf arSmif&dyfwGif ausmif;om;av;a,mufudk awG h&onf/ arSmif&dyfuG,fwGif xkdif&if; rxdwxd paejujcif; jzpfonf/ rdef;uav;taqmifa&S hvmjyD; juufrwGefí rdk;rvif;ymk atmfqkdaejcif;onf rdef;ravmuudk apmfum;ae jcif; jzpfonfymk cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; ,lqrdjuonf/ ]rdef;rqdk&if 'dk hrajumuf? ajumufrdjyef&ifig;yg;juD;udk arSmuf juufr1m,favmuf wGefwGef rdk;rvif;yg1ml;Asm} taqmifatmufrS a0hwufvmjyefavonf/ ydawmufyif&dyfeSifh tHk;yif&dyfndKndKwGif cdkjyD; qdkaeju jcif;ajumifh vlymefudkvnf; zrf;ír&acs/ ausmif;om;aygif; aomif;ajcmufaxmifwGif rnfol htoH jzpfrnfenf;ymlívnf; cifcsdKwdk ha&;a&;rSs rawG;rdedkifjuacs/ ]vlysdKjriff&if rsufapmif;xdk;vdk hpdwfrSmwpfrsdK;yg? juufr 1m,favmufwGefwGef rdk;rvif;yg1ml;Asm juufr1m,favmufwGefwGef rdk;rvif;yg1ml;Asm} ]atmuftD;tD; - juufz -ymm; - rdk;rvif;ao;ygvm; - ymm; - ymm; - ymm;} oDcsif;wpfacgifausmhí tjyD;wGif a0a0eSifh armfarmfonf oHjydKifatmfjuavonf/ juufatmfoH ]atmuftD;tD;tGwf} udk &GJ hjyD; ]atmuftD;tD; juufz} ymk atmfvdkufojzifh *Dworm;rsm;onf trf;oGm; ymefeSifh jidrfjyD; wdwfoGm;juonf/ olwkd huarSmif&dyfcdkaeovdk cifcsdKwdk hvlpkuvnf; tarSmif&dyfwGif uyfaejuojzifh wpfOD;eSifhwpfOD; vlvHk;roJuGJacs/ vlymefzrf;í r&acs/ armfarmfwdk hatmuftD;tD; tatmf aumif;ojzifh 1mmqufqdk&rnf rod1mJ jidrfoGm;juaom olaumifhom;rsm;udkjunfhum cifcsdKwdk h tm;vHk; 0rf;om;tm;&eSifh usdwfjyD; &,frdjuonf/ ]tdk; - rdef;rqdk&if 'dk hrajumuf ajumufrdjyef&if ig;yg;juD;udkarSmuf juufr1m,favmufwGefwGef - rdk;rvif;yg1ml;Asm juufr1m,favmufwGefwGef- -}
  • 71. *sDa[mol 70 ]ymm; atmuftD;tD;juufz? ymif - arSmifvdk hrnf;vdk h} ausmif;om;rsm;u ravSsmh1mJ wpfywfausmhaomtcg a0a0wdk huvnf; uJí atmfjuavonf/ tv,fwGif jidrfí em;axmifaeaom ausmif;olrsm; &,foHonf 0Jwufvmonf/ a,musfm;av;rsm; wlxkvSsif rdef;uav;rsm; vTwdkuf&aom pufrSKausmif;olrsm;jzpfonfhtwGuf rdef;uav;rsm;udk wpfqifh eSdrfhjyD; eSdrfvSsif rnfonfh ausmif;olrS onf;cHekdifvdrfhrnf rxif/ rrcifurl a0a0wkd hudk ]odyfruJeJ h taqmifrSL; odoGm;r,f} ymkajym&if; xdef;avonf/ olvnf;rcHcsif jzpfaeojzifh ratmfeJ hymlíawmh rajymacs/ a0a0wdk h xdyfudkvnf; racgufacs/ *sDaymma&S hvmjyD; rdef;uav;rsm;udk rxdwxd eSdrfavolrsm;udk olvnf; cGifhvTwfekdifymef rwlacs/ ]aiGpE´ma&mifjcnf ? xdefvif;awmhonf 1mHkjudk;jywfwJh - rdk;ewfr'D o'¨guydkonf ? unmeSrudkyJ tonf;pGJ cspfawmhrnf} juufzrsm;onf jumjumatmfvSsif rdk;vif;oGm;rnfudk pdk;&drfaomajumifh xifonf/ twefjum&yf oGm;jyD;rS oDcsif;ajymif;qkdum ppfajyjidrf;a&; urf;vSrf;vmavonf/ armfarmfonf yg;pyfudk tkyfum usdwfí &,faeonf/ wpfzufu oDcsif;taumif;qdkawmhvnf; olwdk honf 1mmrS jyefratmfjuawmh1mJ jidrfí em;axmifaejuavonf/ ]'gajumifhrdk hvdk hudk&ifarmifu ajymwm? ndKaxG;wdk h*sDaymma&S hrSm tazmfryg1mJ wpfa,mufxJrsm; ravSsmuf0Hhyg1ml;wJh? odyfjyD; ajcvSrf;rSm;w,fwJh} ]jo - udk&ifarmifu ajymw,fvm;} ]tif;av} ]rr,frudk ajymw,fvm;} ]tif;av} ]ajomf ajomf udk&ifarmifu rr,frudk ajymw,fvm;} ndKaxG;onf odvsufeSifh rodymefaqmifjyD; tajumif&dkufum ar;aeaom a0a0hudk jyHK;jyHK;av; junfhaeavonf/ va&mifazsmhazsmhwGif ndKaxG;rsufeSmav;onf aysmhajymif;El;nHhaeonfudk cifcsKd owdxm;rdonf/ ]ndKaxG; udk&ifarmifeJ hpum;ajymawmh &ifrckef1ml;vm;} cifcsdKu wkd;wdk;av; uyfar;aomtcg ndKaxG;onf cifcsdKudk awGawGa0a0av; pdkufjunfhaejyD; &,favonf/ ta&;rpdkufymefeSifh avSmif&,fuav; &,fae&mrS rodrom oufjyif;av; &SdKufvkduf onfudk cifcsdKu jrifjzpfatmif jrifvdkufrdao;onf/
  • 72. rpE´m 71 ndKaxG; rsufvHk;ndKndKuav;rsm;onfvnf; avSmif&dyforf;um &Tef;vJhaeonf/ odk haomf &,f&Tif rae1mJ ndSdK;aeonfymk cifcsdKxifrdavonf/ * * *
  • 73. *sDa[mol 72 (19) 1mef'g&GufeDeDrsm;onf avta0S hwGif a0h0Jum ajuGvGifhoGm;juonf/ taqmif0u 1mef'gyif eSpfyifonf oHk;av;eSpftwGif; jrifhrm;um xGm;wufvmonf/ ]ysif;vdkufwm] ndKaxG;onf avwGif0Jaeaom 1mef'g&GufeDeDudk ai;junfhae&if; jiD;avonf/ aEG&moD ausmif;ydwf&ufrdk h*sDaymmwpfaqmifvHk; wdwfqdwfaeonf/ &Sdaom ausmif;ol tenf;i,fuvnf; &uftm;rkd hXmejyefaejuonf/ 1mGJ h,lppfwrf;jyKpkae&aom aemufqHk;eSpfausmif;olrsm;om&Sdaom taqmif onf jidrfjyD; wdwfaeonf/ cgwdkif;ysif;vSsif jrdK hxJ xGufjyD; vnfedkifaomfvnf; ,cktcgwGifum; a&ajumufojzifh rxGuf&Jjuacs/ ajomf 1mmvdkvdkeSifh twmul;aom wef;cl;vodk hyif a&mufvmjyD rymkwf ygvm;/ ]eSpfopfeJ hojuFefusav? tjypfjzpfr,fh twGif;&ef1m,awG aoGajumif;eJ ha&avmif;um axGaxG awmif;qkacGs} ndKaxG;onf wdk;wdk;av; qdkaeonf/ tif;pdefvrf;r1mufrS a&upm;oHonf wpfcgwpf&H taqmif 1mufodk hvGifhysH hvmavonf/ cifcdsKwdk htaqmif1mufwGifrlojuFefusaeonfeSifhyifrwl/ajcmufaoG hwdwfqdwfaeonf/ rrcifeSifh r0gwkd hwawGurl *sifrDwdk hvlodkufeSifhtwl um;rSmjyD; a&upm;xGufjuonf/ a&ajumufaom cifcsdKeSifh ndKaxG;eSpfOD;om taqmifwGif ukwfjyD; usef&pfcJhjuavonf/ tv,fxyfrS 0if;0if;wdk hurl ojuFefxrif; csufjyD; ig;ajcmufajumf&ef pDrHaejuavonf/ cifcsdKeSifhndKaxG;url ysif;ysif;&SdonfeSihf 1mef'gyif&ddyfu cHkwef;av;wGif qif;xdkifaerdjuonf/ 1mef'g&GufajuGrsm;udk wpf&GufjyD; wpf&Guf a&wGufaerdonf/ rmvumyifrS toD; oGm;&Smao;onf/ tuspfrsm;om &Sd/ yGyGqdkvSsif wpfvHk;rSs rusefacs/ ]aym; ydawmufyifjuD;a& yGifhawmh yGifhawmh jrefjref yGifhawmh} taqmift0if0wGif vufcsif;,Sufum udkif;nGwfaeymef &Sdaom ydawmufyifeSpfyifwGif vnf; tzl;rsm; pD&&Dzl;aejyD jzpfonf/ 'DeSpfrS pzl;aom tyifrdk hcifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; yGifhrnfh&ufudk warmharmheSifh
  • 74. rpE´m 73 arSsmfrdjuonf/ ndKaxG;onf ydawmuf&Gufrsm;udk ckefqGJum pdwfr&Snfovdk ajymaeonf/ ojuFefusjyD jzpfaomfvnf; ydawmufzl;rsm;u yGifhrnfh t&dyfta,mif rjyao;acs/ ]ndKaxG;a& vm vm tvum;ae tvum;yJ? 1mef'gaph vmxuGm} 1mef'gyif&if;wGif usJjyef haeaom 1mef'goD;eDeDrsm;udk junfh&if; i,fpOfu 1mef'gaph xkpm;ju onfudk owd&rdonf/ 1mef'goD; taphudk avSum;tkwfcJay:wifjyD; tkwfcJeSifh ememxkaomtcg uGJoGm;jyD; txJrS tqHjzLjzLav; xGufvmonf/ tm;vGefoGm;vSsif tqHyg ajuoGm;jyD; &Smr&atmif jzpfoGm;wwfonf/ cyfqwfqwfav; xkjyD; taphtufaomtcg tomuav; qGJymvdkufygu tqHvdkuf rusdK;raju &avonf/ pdrf;qwfqwfeSifh qdrfhaeaom 1mef'gqHudk cifcsdKi,fpOfu tvGefjudkufcJhonf/ xkd hajumifh 1mef'gaphjrifvSsif tkwfcJeSifh xkpm;csifaom i,fusihfuav;udk razsmufekdifatmif &Sdwwfonf/ ]ymm cifcsdK&m xk&wmeJ hpm;&wmeJ hvJ rumrd1ml;} ]umrdygw,f xkomxk} ]'DurÇmavmujuD;rSm qefawG r&Sd1mJ 1mef'gaphom xkpm;ju&r,fqkd&if vlawG vufarmif; juD;awGudk xef;vHk;avmuf wkwfvmjurSm} ]1mmjzpfvJ 1m,favmufusef;rma&;eJ hnDrvJ} 1mef'goD; oHk;av;oD;cef hxktjyD;wGifrl ndKaxG;onf qufrxkedkifawmhymefeSifh tkwfeDcJ udk ypfcs vdkuf&if; jiD;avonf/ olxkorSs toD;rsm;onfvnf; tm;vGefukefojzifh tqHaumif;aumif; wpfckrSs r&acs/ tusdK;eSifhtajursm; jzpfukefojzifh pm;í raumif;acs/ ]ndKaxG; 1mmvkyfaewmvJ} ]aymmawmh udk&ifarmif} ndKaxG;onf ikwfwkwfav;xkdif&if; 1mef'goD;tajuxJrS tqHjzLjzLav;rsm;udk a&G;ae&mrS tem; a&mufvmaom udk&ifarmifhudk owdrxm;rdacs/ pum;oHxGufvmaomtcgrS tvef hwjum; armhjunfhjyD; uref;uwef; x&yfvdkufavonf/ cifcsdKvnf; xkvufp 1mef'goD;rsm;udk wGef;z,fjyD; rwfwyf&yfvkduf rdonf/ *sDaymmolrsm; 1mef'goD;xkpm;aeju onfymk &yfausmf&Gmausmf armif;wD;cH&rnfudk pdk;&drfaom ajumifh jzpfygonf/ udk&ifarmifonf wpfcgrSs rdef;uav;aqmifodk htvnf rvmzl;acs/ ol haemufwGif wpfudk,fvHk; &TJpdkaeaom ApfwmeSifh udkoef;a0udk awG h&onf/ ]uGsefawmfwdk hawG q&mjuD;udk a&uefawmhjyD; jyefvmjuwm cifcsdKwdk hwawG wukef;ukef;eJ h 1mmvkyfaejuwmvJvdk h0ifjunfhwm? vufpowfawmh 1mef'goD;xkaejuwmudk;} ukdoef;a0onf olwdk hvm&jcif; tajumif;&if;ukd &,fymymeSifh &Sif;jyavonf/ q&mrsm; aeaom tdrfrsm;onf rdef;uav;taqmiftvGefwGif &Sdí toGm;tjyef taqmifa&S hu vrf;rS jzwfoGm;&pjrJ jzpfonf/ ,ckvnf; c&D;oGm;ymefvTJ 1mef'goD;xkyHk qef;aeojzifh 0ifjyD; pyfpkjuymef wlonf/ ]1mef'gqHu pm;vdk hodyfqdrfhwm}
  • 75. *sDa[mol 74 cifcsKdvnf; ajymrdajym&m ajymvdkufrdonf/ Apfwmonf &,fcsifvSaomfvnf; r&,frd&ef eSKwfcrf;udk twif;aphjyD; yg;pyfydwfxm;onf/ rsufrSefxljuD;atmufrS eSmacgif;juD;onfum; yGpdyGpd jzpfaeavonf/ wymm;ymm; &,fcsvdkufonfurS awmfao;onf/ ol hrsufeSmjznf;pyfpyfjuD;ajumifh cifcsdKwdk hydkjyD; taecufonf/ ]cifcsdKwdk ha&yufcH rxGuf1ml;vm;] ]ymifhtif;} ]wpfcgrS ojuFefa& rxdao;1ml;aygh} ]rxdao;1ml;} ]ymm 'Dvdkqkd 1m,fjzpfrvJ} olwdk honf &,farmajym&if; vufaemufjyefzGufxm;aom a&zvm;rsm;eSifh oGef;avmif;csjuonf/ atmfzkd h&efyif tcsdefr&/ wpfukd,fvHk; at;ceJ jzpfum &TJpdkoGm;onf/ cifcdsKa&m ndKaxG;yg udk,fhymmudk,f 1mef'gaph xkpm;juonfudk a&S havm juD;jyD; &SufaoG;rTefaejuojzifh olwdk hwGif a&zvm; ygvmvdrfh rnfudk owdrxm;rdekdif atmif jzpfoGm;juonf/ owdvpfoGm;onfymk qdk&ayrnf/ a&ajumufí taqmifatmif;aeumrS &TJTJqdkoGm;&ojzifh pdwfvnf;npf? &,fvnf; &,fcsifoGm;onf/ ]ndKaxG; pdwfrqkd;aju;aemf} udk&ifarmifonf a&pufrsm;wifum 0if;yaeaom ndKaxG;rsufeSmav;udk awG;ai;ai; junfh&if; awmif;yefovdk ajymonf/ ndKaxG;onf a&pufrsm;wifum nGwfusaeaom rsufawmifpif;&Snf&Snfudk wpfcsufeSpfcsuf cwfjyD; eSKwfcrf;aphxmavonf/ &,fvnf; r&,f? jyHK;vnf; rjyHK;? pdwfqkd;ymefvnf; rjy1mJ jidrfaeaom ndKaxG; ymefuav;onf wpfzufvludk raewwf rxdkifwwf jzpfvmatmif pGrf;edkifymef &Sdonf/ ]aym; ndKaxG;u pdwfqdk;vdk hvm;} Apfwmu ar;aomtcg ndKaxG;onf eSKwfcrf;nGwf&Hkav; jyHK;jyD; at;at;aq;aq; acgif;cgjy avonf/ ndKaxG; at;pufpuftrlt,mav;udk junfh&if; ol hrsufvHk; ndKndKrsm;udkyg owdxm; tuJcwfrdonf/ El;nHh&Tef;pdkaeaom rsufvHk;av;rsm;onf ndKaxG;pdwfrqkd;ajumif; wdwfwcdk; ajymjyae juonfudk cifcsdKjrifvdkuf&onf/ ]aym; 0dkif;ju 0kdif;ju? *sDaymmtxd e,fusL;vmwJh usL;ausmfolawGudk 0dkif;ju zrf;ju} a0a0eSifh armfarmfwdk htoHonf pDceJ xGufvmonf/ ysif;ysif;eSifh tdyfaysmfoGm;jujyD; tdyf&mrS wpfa&;edk;wGif taqmifa&S h&Sd olaumif;om;oHk;OD;udk jrifojzifh nmoHay; xvmjujcif; jzpfymef wlonf/ olwkd htoHjum;rS taqmifa&S huJjunfhrdjuaom ausmif;olrsm;onfvnf; ojuFefwGif; usL;ausmfo lrsm;udk xdktcgrSyif owdxm;rdjuymef wlavonf/ ]aymmAsm} ]tJ'grS 'kau©m}
  • 76. rpE´m 75 Apfwm rsufrSefxlxljuD; atmufrS rsufvHk;rsm;onf ykpGefrsufvHk;uJhodk hjyL;xGufvmonf/ udk&ifarmifeSifh udkoef;a0wdk honfum; yg;pyftaymmif;om;eSifh ausmuf&kyfjuD;rsm;vdk awmifhawmifhjuD; &yfaejuavonf/ ]armifajumif1mDvl;a&} ]ymm - 'Daomuf≪? rif;t1mZifatmuf 0w¬Ka&;aewm rymkwf1ml;uG ajy; ajy;} avSum;rS w0kef;0kef; ajy;qif;vmaom toHrsm;udk jum;&aomtcg qwfceJ wkefoGm;juonf/ OD;pGm owd0ifvmolrSm udkoef;a0 jzpfonf/ AvHk;AaxG;atmf&if; w&Sdefxkd;ajy;avawmhonf/ udk&ifarmif uvnf; racyg/ jcHayguf0txd aemufqkwf aemufqkwfeSifh qkwfcGmjyD; eSKwfqufpum;av;yif rqdkedkif/ csmceJ vSnfhum okwfajcwifavawmhonf/ aemufqHk;usef&pfolum; Apfwm jzpfonf/ a&eSifh pdkuyfae aom ykqdk;u wkwfqGJaeojzifh wkwfqwfqwfeSifh pdefatmifrif; uovdk qwfawmuf qwfawmuf ajy;aeonf/ ]aym; vdkufym zrf;ym? tkd;rnf;okwf&atmif? a0; aym;aym;} a0a0wkd honf avSum;&if;wGif at;at;aq;aq;xdkif&if; atmfaejcif; jzpfonf/ olwdk h aemufudk vdkuf&efum; pdwfyif rul;acs/ pifppfum; udk&ifarmifwdk htajumufvGefjcif; jzpf/ rnfonfh ausmif;olonf olwdk hudk twif;csKyfudkif zrf;qD;0Hhygrnfenf;/ ]a0; aym; aym; tdk;rnf; tdk;rnf; &jyDvm;} armfarmfonf Adkufudk &Syf&if; vdrfhaeatmif &,f&mrS xatmfaeao;onf/ ykqdk;juD;awG zwfvwf zwfvwfeSifh okwfajcwifajy;aeaom udk&ifarmifwdk honf aemuf1mufodk hvSnfh rjunfhjuacs/ ausmif;ol wyfjuD; tkyfvkdufcsDjyD; tdk;rnf;okwf&ef ajy;vkdufvmjuonf txifeSifh toufvkjyD; ausmaumhajy; aejuonf/ olwdk hudk aemuf1mufrS at;at;aq;aq; xdkifjunfhjyD; tlwufatmif &,faejuonfudkum; rodju&Smao;acs/ ApfwmvufrS a&zvm;juD;vGwfusjyD; vrf;ray:wGif w*Grf;*Grf; vdrfhoGm;onf/ Apfwmonf a&zvm;udk rufonfxuf aqGwpfyg;wdk h tkd;rnf;udk ajumuf&Smojzifh iJhapmif;íyif rjunfhacs/ pm;aomufqdkifwef;a&mufcgrS aemuf1mufodk hvSnfhjunfh0Hhjuonf/ olwdk haemufu toHomyg vmonfudk odaomtcgrS udk&ifarmifwdk honf rwifat;qdkifwGif 0ifjyD; ajcypfvufypf xkdifaejuonf/ pm;aomufqdkifwGif vlyg;&Sm;vSaom tcsdefrdk h twefi,f t&Sufoufom&m &juavonf/ t&Sifocifu rsufeSmvTJoGm;aom a&zvm;jzLjzLav;onf uwå&mvrf;a1m;u jrufawmxJwGif rsufeSm i,fi,feSifh vJavsmif;ae&Smonf/ a0a0u zvm;udk aumuf,lxm;avonf/ a0a0onf a&zvm;yhhHoul aumufaepOf udk&ifarmifwdk hu pm;aomufqkdifrS junfhaejuonf/ pdwfarmvlarmjzpfoGm;í aymmymJ ymdkufae&mrS ]a0a0eSifh armfarmfqdkygu urÇmajuaomfvnf; O'gef;raus] ymk toH,Jh,JheSifh judrf;juavonf/ * * *
  • 77. *sDa[mol 76 (20) ]ymmym rr,frav;a&? rif;&J hudk&ifarmifjuD;u a0a0hudk urÇmajuaomfvnf; O'gef;raus wJhav? tr,frif;jidK;rmefzufvdk h&ufpufavw,f? a&r&SdwJh acsmif; eSmacgif;azmfjyD; a&ul;oifOD;r,f} qHyif&Sif;aeaom ndKaxG;udk tdyf,may:wGif tm;vsm;arSmufí junfhae&if; yg;pyfrS tjidrfrae1mJ awG hu&m ajymaeaom a0a0hudk awG h&onf/ wpfzufukwifay:wGifum; armfarmfonf yvwfpwpf puf&kyfpk1ml;juD;udk udkifum Zmuemwpfacsmif;eSifh tvkyfrsm;aeonf/ cifcsdK hvufxJrS oHjudk;acGeSifh &m1mmprsm;udk awG haomf rsufeSmav;rsm; &SHK hoGm;juonf/ olwkd hudk opfyifi,fav;rsm; vkyfay;&ef acGs;wyfqGJawmhrnfudk aA'ifrar;1mJ odaejuaomajumifh jzpfonf/ ]a0a0uvJ vGefwmudk;? oem;ygw,f} ndKaxG;onf &,fp&mvdkvdkeSifh cyfjyHK;jyHK;ajymonf/ a0a0onf rsufvHk;av;rsm; jyL;oGm;jyD; ndKaxG;udk qwfceJ armhjunfhavonf/ ]oem;w,f ymkwfvm;? tHr,f ndKaxG;u udk&ifarmifhudk xdvdk hemw,faygh} ]ymkwfyg1ml; a0a0&,f? 1m,foljzpfjzpf rdef;uav;taqmifuaejyD; aoajy; &Sifajy; xGufajy;&&if &SufrSmaygh? ndKaxG;u yk*¾dKvfpGJt& ajymaewm rymkwfyg1ml;? vlwpfa,muf taeeJ hyJ junfhjyD; ajymwmyg} 1ml;xJrS ig;rl;aph rwfaphrsm;udk Zmuemwpfacsmif;eSifh qGJxkwfaeaom armfarmfonf cifcsdKwdk h 1mufodk hapmif;iJhíyifrjunfhacs/ vqef;&ufqdkvSsif armfarmfonfol hpk1mll;xJodk hydkufqH tajuGrsm;jynfh wufvmatmif xnfhavh&Sdonf/ wpf0ufcef hom jynfhrnf juHcg&Sdao;onf/ vqef;rS vv,fodk hul; vmaomtcg pk1ml;av;udk pm;yGJaemuf1mufodk hwGef;ydk hxm;vdkufonf/ tajuGrsm;rsm; rxnfhedkif&Sm awmh ay/ vv,frS vukef&ufodk h eD;uyfvmaomtcgwGifum; Zmuemwpfacsmif;eSifh jyefjyD; qGJxkwfav awmhonf/ vpOfvwkdif; ZmuemeSifh qGJcsJ hjcif; cH&aom pk1ml; taygufav;onf us,faejyDyif jzpfonf/ uav;rsufeSmav;udk jyHK;jyHK;av; jzpfaeaom 0ufrsufeSmav;onf vukef&ufqdkvSsif ol hAdkufxJrS aiGrsm; qGJxkwfawmhrnfudk judkwifodymefeSifh rJhwJhwJhav; jzpfaewwfonfymk a0a0u ajymonf/ 0uf&kyf uav; Adkufonf eSJorm;yg;pyfvdkyif ydefvdkuf azmif;vdkufjzpfae&Smavonf/ ]aymm &jyD &jyD} armfarmfonf Zmuemzsm;wGif nSyfygvmaom aiG'*Fg;usyfaphjuD;udk owdjuD;pGmeSifh qGJxkwf&if; 0rf;omtm;& atmfavonf/
  • 78. rpE´m 77 ]a0a0a& - vmaymh? acgufqGJajumf wpfxkyfzkd;awmh jynfhjyD? OD;av;juD;udk oGm;rSm&atmif} xkwfxm;jyD;aom ig;rl;aph? rwfaphrsm;eSifh aygif;um wcGsifcGsif aiGoHay;&if; eSpfOD;om; tajy; xGufoGm;juonf/ tcef;xJwGif olwdk hr&SdjuaomtcgrS ndKaxG;onf oufjyif;av; wpfcsufcsvdkufjyD; cifcsdK hudk vSnfhjunfhonf/ wpfpHkwckudk ajym&aumif;edk;? rajym&aumif;ekd;eSifh csDwHkcswHk jzpfaeovdk idkifawGawGav; jzpfaeavonf/ ]ndKaxG;junfh&wm wpfckck ajymcsifaeovdkyJ} ]ymkwfw,f} ndKaxG;onf acgif;udk cyfav;av; ndwfjyonf/ OD;a&jym;xdatmif tkef;qDedkifekdifvl;avh &Sdaom ndKaxG; qHyifrsm;onf eufarSmifaysmhajymif;vSonf/ qHyifudk vufeSpfzufeSifh zGí &Sif;ae&if; ndKaxG;u wdk;wkd;av; ajymavonf/ ]ol hqDu pmvmw,f} ]1m,fol hqDuvJ} ]udk&ifarmifhqDuav] ]ymif 1mmwJhvJ} awGai;ai; jzpfaeaom ndKaxG;udk ai;junfh&if; cifcsKdu acsmufuyfuyftoHeSifh ar;rdonf/ cspfcGifhyefaom pmjzpfvdrfhrnfudkum; ar;p&mrvdk? pdwfxJwGif tvdkvdk odaeonf/ ]cifcsdK&,f ndKaxG; 1mmvkyf&r,f rod1ml;} ]olwdk hudk 1mmvdk hrajymwmvJ} ]tdk; ndKaxG; 1mmvkyf&r,f rod1ml;} ndKaxG;onf pm;yGJwifrSefav;xJwGif xifymyfaeaom ol ht&dyfudkol cyfawGawGav; junfh&if; avoHav;eSifh ajymaeonf/ xifvnf; xifcJhonf/ xifonfhtwdkif;vnf; jzpfvmonf/ jzpfvm jyefawmhvnf; &ifarm&onfrSm trSefyif/ ]nKdaxG;udk owdxm;rdwm jumvSygjyDwJh? ndKaxG;pum;eJ hndKaxG;udk jyefajym&r,f qdk&if ndKaxG; ymm vSvJvS? arT;vJarT;wJh yef;av;wpfyGifhygwJh - cifcsdK&,f? ol hudk tdrfaxmifzuftjzpf pOf;pm;zdk h ajymwmygyJav? yxrqHk;pmxJrSm vufxyfzdk hcGifhawmif;vdk hpdwfrqdk;ygeJ hwJh? ndKaxG;udk ol &dk;ajrus atmif jrwfedk; edkifw,fqdkwm odapcsifw,fygw,fwJh} ndKaxG;onf tdyfrufxJwGif pum;ajymaeolvdk cyfav;av; ajymaeonf/ cifcsdKonf 1mmajym &rnfrodonfhtwGuf tdyf&mcif;jzLjzLav;udk tai;om; junfhaerdavonf/ ]ndKaxG; pdwfxJrSm 1m,fvkdaevJ} ]wpfrdsK;yJ}
  • 79. *sDa[mol 78 ]ol hudk oem;aevm;} ]ymkwfw,f? ndKaxG;u ol hudk 'ku©a&mufatmif oufoufvkyfovdk jzpfaew,faemf? ndKaxG; pdwfraumif;1ml;} ]e*dkxJu od&ufeJ hvkyfcJhwm1mJ} ]tJ'Dwkef;u pdwfu wpfrsdK;} ndKaxG;onf rsufvTmudk zswfceJ csvdkufonf/ acgif;udk atmufpdkuf&if; 1mD;0g0gudk t"dyÜm,fr&Sd jcpfaeonf/ cspfjrm;&Sif ndKaxG;onf olcsdefypfvdkufaom jrm;onf wpfzufom; tonf;eSvHk;udk cdkuf&Hkru xkwfcsif;cwfygoGm;ajumif; od&aomtcg &,farmedkifpGrf; &dSawmhymef rwlacs/ ]ol hqDu pmvmwm oHk;apmif &SdjyD} ]jumjyDvm;} ]yxr tapmifu ojuFefruscifuav;uyJ} ]ndKaxG;u vSdsKvdkufwm} ]cifcsdK&,f ndKaxG; 1mmvkyf&r,f rod1ml;? 'gajumifh taqmifatmif;aewmaygh? cifcsdK owdrxm; rdvdk hyg} olajymrSyif pOf;pm;rdawmhonf/ ndKaxG; tjyifodyfrxGuf1mJ taqmif uyfaeonfum; trSefyif/ cifcsdKonf ndKaxG;rsufeSmudk aphaphjunfhum jyóem tajzudk &Smrdonf/ &Smí rawG hekdifatmif&Sdawm h onf/ jyóemonf rnfuJhodk htqHk;owfrnfenf; ymk cifcsdK rpOf;pm;edkifawmhacs/ ]aymh cifcsdKa& cifcsdK? ydawmufawG yGifhaejyD} r0geSifh rdonf tcef;xJodk hajy;0ifvmju&if; toHtkyfí ajymjuonf/ cifcsdKonfvnf; 0rf;om tm;& ae&mrSckefí xrdavonf/ ]ym,f trsm;juD;&,f} 0if;0gaeaom va&mif&dyf0,f iHktmvmaom ydawmufyGifhav;rsm;udk taqmifay:rS qD;jyD; a&;a&; &dyf&dyf awG h&onf/ ndKrnf;aom ydawmuf&Gufrsm;jum;0,f 0gekek ydawmufzl;iHkav;rsm;onf avwkduf &m1mufodk h,drf;nGwfaejuonf/ ]ratmfeJ hodyfratmfeJ h? olrsm;awG odukefr,f? OD;aomif;nGef hudk wdwfwdwfuav; cl;cdkif; ju&atmif? a&pdrfxm;&if reufusawmh yGifhrSmaygh} rdonf cifcsdK hyg;pyfvSrf;ydwf&if; ajymonf/ wpfaqmifvHk;t&dyfwjunfhjunhfeSifh apmifhjunfh aeaom ydawmufyifjzpfí olrsm;xufOD;atmif cl;csifjuaom wpfudk,faumif; pdwfuav;rsm;eSifhrdk h atmufxyfodk hwdk;wdk;wdwfwdwf qif;vmjuonf/ nq,fem&Dcef h &SdjyDjzpfí taqmifaeausmif;olrsm; wpfcsdK hwpf0uf tdyfaejujyD jzpfonf/ taqmifapmifhOD;av;juD;uyg uif;wJav;xJwGif tdyfidkufaejyD jzpfí wdk;wdk;av; toHtkyfí eSdK;ju&onf/ njuD;rif;juD; opfyifwpfyif wufcdkif;&onfuawmh
  • 80. rpE´m 79 odyfraumif;vSacs/ okd haomf OD;av;juD;onf rjiD;rjiL wufcl;ay;&Smonf/ cifcsdKwdk h wawG ydawmufcufrsm; redkifreif; ydkufjyD; ajcazmhí tajy;tvTm;jyefvmjuonf/ wpf0ufcef hom yGifhaeao; aom ydawmufyGifhav;rsm;onf iHktmtm jzpfaeju/ ]rr,fra& yef;,lOD;rvm;} ndKaxG;onf ydawmufzl;wpf0uf tyGifhrsm;udk junfh&if; acgif;cgjyavonf/ ]yef;qdkwm tyifay:rSm iGm;iGm;pGifhpGifh yGifh&rS aumif;wm? ckvdkqdk 1m,fvSrvJ} ]tdk a&pdrfxm;vJ yGifhrSmyJ} ]o1mm0 tyGifheJ hawmh rwledkif1ml;} ]ajymyg ajymyg? o1mm0q&mrjuD;&,f? q&mrjuD;&J harwåmyef;wpfiHkymmvJ o1mm0usus yGifhvmOD;rSmayhgaem} r0gonf yvwfpwpf a&ZvHkwGif a&tjynfhxnfhjyD; yef;cdkifrsm;udk xdk;pdkufae&if; cyfaxhaxh ajymonf/ ]rr,fr a&TarwåmoHwHcg;onf udk&ifarmif zGifhí yGifhavownf;? arwåmodkufxJ&Sd ork', yef;rmvmonf &eH hoif;ysH hpGmeSifh yGifhaomtcg? tdk w&m;oljuD;&J h? tavmif;tpm;udk 1m,fvdk qHk;jzwf ay;rSmvJ} rdonf ydawmuf&Gufrsm;udk oifh&HkacGsae&if;rS tljrL;pGm ajymonf/ yef;awG wyHkwyif olrsm;xuf OD;atmif &xm;aomajumifh tl&Tifum cyfaomaom ajymaejcif; jzpf/ ]tm; pl0ufav plvdk heda,muf nm;ju&if tDavmif;tDpm; emwdk hekdifwmaygh? 0avvkudk cspfv,f? vkav 0udkcspfv,f? y,fplrS tDwJruGJ1ml;v,f} a0a0onf axmifuJtoHeSifh0ifajymonf/ ymefeSifhyefeSifhudk&ifarmif vrf;avSsmufovdk vufeSpfzuf udk vTJcgum cyfav;av; avSsmufjy&if; ajymaeaom a0a0hudk junfhum cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; 0g;ceJ &,frd juonf/ ndKaxG;url cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk;udk odrf;juHK;jyD; pl;pl;pdkufpdkufav; junfhaeonf/ ]ymm ym? ndKaxG;vcav;awmh jyKwf&acsao;&J h? *sDaymmolav;awmhygoGm;acsao;&J h? udk&ifarmif uawmh rdwdk hudk aus;Zl;wifrSmaemf ymm; aus;Zl;&SifawG? tymrf; aus;Zl;&SifawG} xl;xl;jcm;jcm; tavmif;tpm;vkyfolrsm;eSifhw&m;oljuD;cifcsdKomtcef;xJwGif pkrdaejuí pum;udk csifhcsdefrae1mJ ajymcsif&m ajymaejuonf/ &,farmaemufajymifaejuaom r0gwdk hwawGudk junfhum ndKaxG; rsufeSmuav;onf rJhoa,mifa,mif jzpfvmonf/ idkrJhrJhrsufeSmav;wGif rme&dyf rmea&mif rsm;vnf; xifymyfvmonf/ ]we*FaEGae hus&if udk&ifarmifu taqmifudk vmcJhyg&apwJh? olvmvdrfhr,f? *sDaymmol ygoGm; roGm; apmifhjunfhaygh ymkwfvm;? ndKaxG; &SHK;r&SHL; apmifhjunfhjuaygh}
  • 81. *sDa[mol 80 ndKaxG;onf ydawmufyGifhav;rsm;udk ai;junfhaejyD;rS jywfjywfom;om;av; ajymvdkufonf/ &,farmaemufajymifaeoltm;vHk; acwårSs wdwfqdwfoGm;juonf/ acgif;uav; armhum rxDw&Dav; jyHK;aeaom ndKaxG;udk wtHhwjo junfhaerdjuavonf/ cifcsdKuawmh oufjyif;udk av;yifpGm csrdonf/ rdonf yef;rsm;udk ypfcsvkdufjyD; ]ym,f ndKaxG;&,f? rdudk pdwfqdk;ovm;? aysmfvdk hpwmyg} ymk 1mkrod 1mrod ajymaeonf/ a0a0url ndKaxG;udk txdwfwvef hjunfhae&Smonf/ aysmhra,mifeSifh rmaeaom ndKaxG; rsufeSmav;wGif t"dyÜm,f&atmif &Smaeymef &Sdonf/ ]1m,fvdkvJ 1m,fvdkvJ tajctaeu 1m,fvdkvJ} cifcsdKwdk hudk,fhtcef;udk,f jyefvmjuaomtcg r0gwkd hu ar;aeonf/ cifcsdK 1mmjyefajym&rnfudk rodacs/ udk,fwdkifvnf; tajctaeonf rnfuJhodk h&Sdonfudk rodaomajumifh jzpfonf/ wpfckawmholwdk h xufydkonfymk ajymedkifonf/ udk&ifarmifhqDrS pmrsm; ndKaxG;qDa&mufaejcif;udkawmh r0gwkd hrodao;acs/ xkdae hnwGif nOfheufrS tdyfjzpfjuavonf/ wpf0ufwpfysufom jrif&aom aumif;uifjyifeSifh v0g0gudk tajumif;rJhxdkifjunfhaeaomajumifh jzpfavonf/ aemufwpfae hreufwGif tdyf,mxaemufusjuonf/ *sDaymma&S hu ydawmufyifvnf; wpfyifvHk; 0gatmif yGifhavonf/ cifcsdKwdk hawG avm1mjuD;jyD; cl;xm;aom ydawmufcwfrsm;onf yGifhtmrvm1mJ nwkef;utwdkif; jyLwpfwpf 1m0wGifom &yfwef h aeavonf/ r0gonf zl;wpf0uf? iHkwpf0uf ydawmufyGifhrsm;udk eSajrmwopGm junfhae&if; ]ymm yGifhprf; yGifhprf;? 1mmvdk hjyLwpfwpfjuD; vkyfae&wmvJ xGuf xGuf xGufprf; yGifhprf;} ymk usdwfredkif cJr& ajymaeonf/ * * *
  • 82. rpE´m 81 (21) ]cifcsdKa& xGufprf; xGufprf; xGufjunfhprf; udk&ifarmif vmaejyD} r0gonf cifcsdK hudk toHtkyftkyfeSifh vSrf;ac:onf/ udk&ifarmifymlaom toHudk jum;&aomtcg cifcsdK h&ifxJwGif xdwfceJ jzpfoGm;onf/ usm;eSifhqif v,fjyifrSm awG hju awmhrnfymkawmh rajymvdkyg/ ndKaxG;onf usm;rymkwfovdk udk&ifarmifonfvnf; qifrymkwfygacs/ El;nHhaom eSvHk;om;udk ydkifqkdifjuonfh vlom;pifppfrsm;om jzpfjuygonf/ eSvHk;om;ekekrsm; ryGef;r&SapcsifaompdwfeSifh cifcsdK h &ifxJwGif cJqGJxm;ovdk av;av;vHvHjuD; jzpfaeonf/ ndKaxG;onf udk&ifarmifudk *sDaymma1m;u {nfhcef;aqmifwGif qif;íawG havonf/ {nfhcef;aqmifqkdíum; txifrjuD;apvdkyg/ trdk;om&Sdí tum r&Sdaom taqmuftOD;jzpfygonf/ aiGrwwfedkifao;í tumrumedkif ao;ymk qdkygonf/ trdk;onf av;1mufapmif;tv,fwGif pkcGsefaom Z&yfvdkyHkjzpfí *sDaymmZ&yfymk tac:rsm;juavonf/ pum;ajym aejuaom ndKaxG;wdk hudk jrifekdifonfjzpfí rodrom tuJcwfvdkjuaomfvnf; cifcsdKwdk honf r0Hhr&J jzpfaejuonf/ tcef;a&S hwGifom pkxdkifí xdkif&if; 1mk&m;waerdjuavonf/ ]ndKaxG;udk junfh&wm udk&ifarmifhudk oem;ovdkyJ? oHa,mZOfvJ jzpfvmyHk&ygw,f} ]'gayr,fh oluawmh rjudkuf1ml;vdk hajymrSmyJ} ]r0gonf rsufarSmifcsD&if; a1mmvHk;uGif;xJrS jrufyifajcmufajcmufrsm;udk ai;junfhaeonf/ ndKrnf;ajcmufaoG haeaom jrufyifrsm;jum;0,f xdu&kef;yGifh yef;a&mifav;rsm;udk uGufjum; awG h&onf/ ]ol hjunfh&wm ndKaxG;udkwu,fcspfyHk&ygw,f? r0gt&ifuol hudk odyfrkef;wm? tckawmh wu,f pdwfraumif;1ml;} ]jyóemqdkwm puwnf;u pOf;pm;juzkd haumif;w,f} rdurl w&m;&oHav;eSifh nnf;&Smonf/ cifcsKd 1mmrSrajymrd? 1mmrSvnf; rajymcsif? Wwfedkif vSsifawmh tavmif;tpm; pjzpfcJhjuaom ae hudk jyefjyD; a&mufcsifonf/ xkdae hxdktcsdefudkom jyefa&mufcJh vSsif xdkuJhodk htavmif;tpm;rsdK;jzpfrvmatmif judkwifjyD; wm;qD;edkifvdrfhrnfymk arSsmfvifhrdaomajumifh jzpfygonf/ ]udk&ifarmifudk awG hawmh wif;xm;wJh nKdaxG;&J hpdwfawGymm u&kPmzHk;jyD; acgif;ndwfvufcHcsif vufcHvdkufrSmyg? junfhaeudk&ifarmifjuD; jyHK;jyD; jyefoGm;rSm} a0a0onf oljzpfapcsifovdk pdwful;,OfjyD; wrf;wrf;ww ajymaeonf/ a0a0eSifh armfarmfwdk h &,fusJusJ rsufeSmav;rsm;yif xl;xl;jcm;jcm; wnfjidrfaeonf/ pdwfraumif;jzpfovdk nSdK;aejuonf/ ylajcmufajcmuf avrsm;onf a0hum0JumeSifh wdkufcwfaeonf/ cifcsdK h&ifxJwGif wif;usyfjyD; touf&SL
  • 83. *sDa[mol 82 r0ovdk jzpfaeavonf/ cifcsdKom wefcdk;&SifjzpfvSsif ndKaxG;&ifxJrS rmersm;udk xkwf,ljyD; a&arSsmypf vdkufawmhrnf/ ndKaxG;rmersm; a&wGif arsmoGm;vSsif aysmf&TifzG,f&m Zmwfodrf;av;udk awG hjuHkekdif vdrfhrnf xifonf/ ]aymm udk&ifarmif xGufvmjyD? r0gwdk hawG tcef;xJ 0ifae&atmif? awmfjum &SufaeOD;r,f} r0gu pmempdwfuav;eSifh ajymí cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; tcef;xJ 0ifcJhjuonf/ tcef;xJrS aejyD; taqmifa&S hwGif avSsmufoGm;aom udk&ifarmifudk uJjyD; junfrdjuonf/ udk&ifarmifonf t&dyfryg usJusJylaom vrf;uav;wGif wpfOD;wnf; ajz;nif;pGm avSsmufoGm; onf/ ol hymeftwdkif;yif acgif;udk atmufpdkufjyD; wpfvSrf;csif; jznf;av;pGm avSsmufoGm;avonf/ udk&ifarmif aemufausmydkif;udk ai;junfh&if; cifcsKdwdk h touf&SL&efyif arhaejuonf/ ]aymm ndKaxG;} ndKaxG;onf tcef;wGif;odk hcyf,dkif,dkifav; 0ifvmavonf/ jidrfoufpGm xdkifaejuaomcifcsdKwdk h tm; ai;ai;av;junfhaejyD;rS a&wpfcGuf jynfhjynfhcyfum w&Sdefxdk; armhaomufvdkufavonf/ ]jyefoGm;jyDvm;] cifcsdKu odvsufeSifh wdwfqdwfrSKudk onf;rcHedkifaomajumifh ar;rdar;&m ar;rdonf/ ndKaxG;onf acgif;uav; wpfcsuf qwfum ajcmufaoG haoG h&,fvdkufavonf/ ]jyóemuawmh jyD;oGm;jyDav? Zmwfodrf;cef; a&mufoGm;jyD] ymk &,farm&if; ajymonf/ ]Zmwfodrf;aomf irdkufom; udk&ifarmif tonf;uGJavownf;ayhg ymkwfvm;} ]'gaygh} ndKaxG;onf ol hvufxJrS py,fyef;av;rsm;udk pm;yGJay:odk hayghqqeSifh ypfwifvdkufonf/ py,fyef;rS arT;ysH haom &eH honf oif;oif;av; a0hysH haeonf/ ndKaxG;udk udk&ifarmif ay;oGm;jcif; jzpfymefwlonf/ arwåmyef;&Sifu acgif;idkufpdkufeSifhjyefoGm;avjyDrdk hpy,fwdk haw;qdkwwfvSsif tvGrf;aw; av;rsm; oDqdkjuvdrfhrnf xifonf/ a0a0onf pm;yGJay:rS py,fyGifhjzLjzLav;rsm;udk vufeSpfzuf pHkaxmuf&if; ai;junfhaeonf/ ]ndKaxG;edkifjyDaygh} ]ndKaxG; wpfoufvHk; 1m,fawmhrS r&SHK;cJhyg1ml;} rdu oHjywfeSifh ajymaomtcg ndKaxG;uvnf; rmeoHav;eSifh jyefajymavonf/ rmea&mifeSifh 0if;vJhaeaom ndKaxG; rsufvHk;ndKwGif rsuf&nfjunfrsm; pdrfhjyD; a0hvmonfudk awG h&aomtcg cifcsdK onf tdyf&may:odk hajcypfvufypf vSJcsvdkufrdonf/ rnfol hudkrSs rjunfhcsifonfhtwGuf rsufeSmusuf jzLjzLudkom armhjyD; ai;pdkufjunfhaerdonf/ ]ndKaxG; arT;wJhrD; ol hudk avmifaew,fwJh}
  • 84. rpE´m 83 ndKaxG;onf rsufawmifwjzwfjzwf cwf&if; ajcmufuyfuyf&,foHav;eSifh ajymonf/ pm;yGJay:&Sd py,fyef;jzLjzLav;rsm;udk twefjumai;junfhaejyD;rS tcef;tjyif vSnfhxGufoGm;avonf/ ol hrsufvHk; tdrfrS vSsHusvmaom rsuf&nfjunfrsm;udk cifcsdKwdk h rjrifapvdkonfhtwGuf a&SmifxGufoGm;rSef; tm;vHk; em;vnfvdkufjuonf/ ]jyóempolu r0g? ajrSmufay;olu a0 - armf - rd? juHazmf juHzuftm;vHk;teufwGif irdkufom; &ifarmifav? eifcsnfhyif aoayawmhymk av;ypfcJholum; rndKaxG;} armfarmfwkd hwawG aemufajymifa&&GufcJhaom pmydk'fuav;udk owdw&&SdjyD; cifcsdK pdwfarmaerd onf/ touf&SLíyif r0atmifyif armymdkufymdkufjzpfaeonf/ rdef;rvSav;rme onf1m0wGif onfrSseSifh ajuapawmhymk qkawmif;&atmifuvnf; t&SdefjuD;aom rD;onf wnD;nD; awmufavmifaejyD jzpfyg onf/ ]uJuG,f aemufqHk;usawmh igwdk h&SHK;juavownf;aygh ymkwfvm;} ]ukd&ifarmifvJ &SHK;wmyJ} ]ndKaxG;wpfa,mufyJ edkifwmayghav} ]tdk oluvJ &SHK;wmyJ} ]1mmjzpfvdk h} ]rD;arT;wJhvlymm rD;eJ hydkjyD;awmhawmif ylOD;r,f rymkwfvm;? ndKaxG;vJ rD;avmifcH&wmyJ? ol hrD;urS &ifxJrSmavmifwJh rD;} awG;awG;qqajymaeaom rdrsufeSmav;onf nSdK;aeonf/ cifcsdKurl ol hpum;av;udk tawmfjudkufoGm;rdonf/ ]rD;arT;wJhvlymm rD;eJ hydkeD;vdk hydkjyD;awmif ylOD;r,f} wJhav/ pifppftm;jzifh awmufavmifvmaom rD;yHka1m;&Sd cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk;vnf; rD;ymyfcHcJh&onf xifygonf/ &ifxJwGifyljyD; armjuyfaejuonfum; trSefyif/ * * *
  • 85. *sDa[mol 84 (22) vufzufpm;jyD; opömjyKcJhjuaomajumifh r0gu pcJhaom jyóem tavmif;tpm;onf wdwfwdwf uav;eSifh jyD;qHk;oGm;cJhavonf/ vufzufopömpl;rnfudkum; tm;vHk; ajumufjuavonf/ xdk hajumifh vnf; vHk;0raygufrjum; ydyd&d&d &SdcJhjcif; jzpfymefwlonf/ ndKaxG;onfum; wpfOD;wnf; taersm;avonf/ wpfcgwpf&H cifcsdKwdk heSifhtwl &,farmaysmf&Tif aeymef &Sdaomfvnf; ol hrsufvHk;ndKav;rsm;onf &Da0a0jzpfaewwfonf/ &,fae&if;rS wpfpHkwpfckudk ai;junfh&if; idkifawGawGav; jzpfoGm;wwfojzifh cifcsdK yifhouf &SdKuf&wwfonf/ ]rdwdk hawG tedkifr,leJ hqdk&if r,lyg1ml;? 'Dtajumif;udk arhypfvdkufqdk&ifvJ arhyghr,f? ndKaxG;udk 'Dvdkjzpfaewmawmh rjunfh&uf1ml;? ol hrmeu ol hudkeSdyfpufaewmqdkawmh rdwdk h vJ 1mmrS rwwfedkif1ml;} rdonf wkefcwfaom toHav;eSifh ajym&Smonf/ ndKaxG;url cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; ol hudk tuJcwfae juonfudk taotcsm *&krlrdymef rwlacs/ nSdK;vsaom ol hymefukdrl wpfcgwpf&H ol hymmol owdxm;rd ymefeSifh judk;pm;jyD; &,favh&Sdavonf/ 'kwd,eSpf0uf ausmif;jyefzGifhjyD; wpfausmif;vHk; pnfpnfum;um;eSifh vloHoloH qlnHvm jyefjyDjzpfonf/ ausmif;olausmif;om;rsm; &,farmaysmf&TifoHeSifhtwl avoHrdk;oHuvnf; *sdK;*sdrf; nHvmavonf/ ajomf 1mmvdkvdkeSifh wpfaEGukefum wpfrdk;qef;jyefjyD jzpfonf/ cifcsdKwdk hpkaeus tcef;tjyif1muf vloGm;vrf;uav;wGifvnf; rdk;a&&TJ&TJpdkaewwfojzifh tcef;atmif;um vlodyfrpkrd juawmhacs/ ]cifcsdK&,f wu,fhwu,fawmh ndKaxG; oufoufqkd;wmyg/ 'Dvdk tavmif;tpm;qdkwm vkyfudk rvkyfoifh1ml;aemf? 'gayr,fh avmif;jyefjyDqkdawmhvJ ndKaxG; ravSsmhcsif1ml;} rdk;oJoJ&Gmaom ae hwpfae hwGif ndKaxG;onf cifcsdK htdyf&mxJwGif twlvmtdyf&mrS cyfwdk;wdk; ajymavonf/ naeapmif;yif jzpfaomfvnf; rdk;u oJoJrJrJ &Gmaeojzifh wpfrdk;vHk;arSmifrnf;aeonf/ vSsyfyef;vSsyfEG,frsm;u jydK;jyufvufaeonf/ cifcsdKwdk honfrdk;a&xJwGif a&ul;rxGufcsifojzifh xrif;pm; aqmifodk hyif xrif;pm; roGm;juawmhacs/ ]ol hudk vufrcHedkif1ml;vdk hajymvdkufawmh ol hrsufeSmudk jzLazsmhoGm;wmyJ? ndKaxG;udk ai;junfh aejyD;rS acgif;iHk hvdkufw,f? ol hudk 1mmjzpfvdk hvufrcHedkifwmvJwJh? ndKaxG; rjudkufwJh tjyKtrl &Sd&ifvJ ajymygwJh cifcsdK&,f? ndKaxG; 1mmajym&rvJ} ]ndKaxG; 1mmjyefajymvdkufvJ}
  • 86. rpE´m 85 ndKav ndKaxG;av &,fvdkufwmaygh? renf;juD; judk;pm;jyD; &,fvdkufwmaygh? ol hudk cspfvJ rcspfekdif1ml;? judkufvJ rjudkuf1ml;? &if;&if;eSD;ESD;ac:ajymaewmudk tcGifhta&; ,lvmvdk hrkef;w,f? ol h rsufeSmudk junfhae&wmawmif pdwfnpfw,fvdk h ajymcsvdkufw,f} ]ymif} pdrf;rnfhpdrf;awmhvnf; jrurÁvmjcHKjyD; jrpdrf;yifatmufwGif &yfum pum;pdrf;yef;yefjyD; pdrf;vdkuf yHk&avonf/ cifcsdKu ndKaxG; vufuav;rsm;udk wif;wif;qkyfudkifrdaomtcg at;pufaeonfudk owdxm;rdavonf/ ]cifcsdK&,f ol hrsufeSmudkav ndKaxG;junfhawmif rjunfh&uf1ml;? jzLazsmhjyD; eSKwfcrf;awG wkefae w,f? 'Davmuf rkef;aewmrodvdk hyg? oGm;ygawmhr,fwJh? ndKaxG;rjrifcsifwJh rsufeSmrjrif&atmif a&Smifygh r,fvdk hajymjyD; xxGufoGm;awmhwmyJ} ]ndKaxG; ridkcsif1ml;vm;} ]ymifhtif; ndKaxG;&,faew,f} ndKaxG;onf jydK;jyufvufaeaom vSsyfyef;vSsyfEG,frsm;udk rSefjywif;rS armhjunfh&if; wkefcwfaom toHav;eSifh ajymonf/ ymkwfygonf/ trSefwu,fyif ndKaxG; &,faecJhavonf/ ndKaxG; eSKwfcrf;av;rsm;u &TifcsdKpGm &,faecJhavonf/ odk haomf vnf; &ifxJwGifum; idk&SdKufaeymef &Sdonf/ ]ndKaxG; udk,fhudkukd,f 1mmvdk hvSnfhpm;&wmvJ? ol hudk wu,frrkef;1mJ 1mmvdk hrkef;w,f vdk hajym&ovJ} ]tdk ol hudk rrkef;&if ndKaxG; &SHK;oGm;rSmaygh? ndKaxG; 1m,fawmhrS t&SHK;rcHcsif1ml;} ]tJ'D rmejuD;ajumifh cufaewmaygh? 'DrSm junfhprf; ndKaxG;? cka&m ndKaxG;u udk,fhudkudk,f edkifw,fxifaevdk hvm;} cifcsdKonf cyfrmrmajymvdkufrdonf/ avoHrrmpzl; rmaeaom cifcsdK hudk ndKaxG;onf txdwf wvef hav; armhjunfhavonf/ ]'Dtavmif;tpm;rSm 1m,folrS rekdif1ml;od&J hvm;? r0gwkd hvJ &SHK;w,f? udk&ifarmifvJ &SHK;w,f? ndKaxG;vJ &SKH;w,f? oa&yGJawmif rymkwf1ml; tm;vHk;u &SHK;juwJh &SHK;yGJ} u&kPma'gaom ajymaeaom cifcsdKudk ndKaxG;onf awGawGuav; junfhaeonf/ rmeoHav;eSifh eSKwfvSefrxdk;1mJ jidrfaeavonf/ twefjum jidrfaejyD;rS yifhoufwpfcsufudk av;yifpGm&SdKuf&if; cifcsdK h vufudk qkyfudkifvdkufonf/ ndKaxG; vufuav;rsm; at;pufwkef&Daeojzifh cifcsdKonf wif;wif; juyfjuyfuav; jyefqkyfxm;vdkufrdonf/ tjyif1mufwGif arSmifrnf;aejyDjzpfaomfvnf; cifcsdKwdk honf tcef;rD; rzGifhrdjuacs/ arSmifxJrJxJ wGif wdwfwdwfqdwfqdwf idkifaerdjuonf/ ]aym; "r®pjum&Gwf&atmif vmju}
  • 87. *sDa[mol 86 r0gonf tcef;tjyif1mufrS atmfac:&if; qif;oGm;onf/ 0gwGif;a&mufvSsif Oykofae h wdkif; pkjyD; "r®pjum&Gwfavh&Sdonfu cifcsdKwdk h*sDaymm tavhtxav;jzpfonf/ 'Dwpfcgawmh 1mmrS vkyfcsifpdwf r&Sdí tomjidrfaerdonf/ rjumrD om,mnGwfajymif;zG,f aumif;vSaom "r®pjum&GwfoHonf rdk;oHeSifh twl a0hysHxGufay:vmonf/ xkdae hnaeu cifcsdKwdk heSpfOD;pvHk; naepmxrif;rpm;rdju1mJ tdyfaysmfoGm;juonf/ tdyfaysmf onfqdkaomfvnf; eSpfeSpfjcdKufjcdKuf tdyfaysmfonfawmh rymkwfacs/ xrif;vHk; wapäajcmufovdk edk;wpf0uf tdyfrufrsm;eSifh acsmufacsmufcsm;csm;juD; tddyfaysmfjcif;om jzpfonf/ aemufwpfae heHeufwGifum; tapmjuD; edk;vmjuonf/ wpfnvHk; oJjuD;rJjuD; &Gmxm;aom aumif;uifjyifwGif rdk;om;uif;pifum jymrSdKif;aeonf/ tcef;tjyif1mufwGifum; rdk;a&rsm;aumif;pGm rajcmufwwfao;acs/ a&wifum pdkpdkpGwfpGwf jzpfaeavonf/ ]ndKaxG;a& udk&ifarmifu ravSsmh1mJ jyefjyD;qufOD;r,f qkd&ifaum vufcHrvm;? tJ'Dvdkqdk&if ndKaxG; &SHK;w,fvdk hrqdkdedkifyg1ml;} tcef;tjyif1mufwGif pdkpdkpGwfpGwf xGufí &yfaeju&if; cifcsdKu aoG;wdk;prf;ovdk ajymrdonf/ ndKaxG;onf cifcsdKudk jyHK;rJhrJhav; junfhjyD; acgif;cgjyonf/ ]rjzpfekdifyg1ml; cifcsdK&,f? ndKaxG; 'Davmufajymypfvdkufwm? tjywfajymjyD;om;yJ? ckrsm; ol hudk awG hawmif rawG h&awmh1ml; rymkwfvm;} ymkwfygonf/ udk&ifarmifonf udk,faysmufrif;om;vdk &Sdef;qm,m ydkarmufjyD; udk,ftaysmuf aumif;vSavonf/*sDaymma&S hurlravSsmufrdatmifa&Smifymef&Sdavonf/ wpfcgwpf&H naevrf; avSsmuf &if; &ifqdkifawG hrdra,mif qHkrdwwfaomtcgrsm;wGifvnf; a&Smifomaom vrf;rS auG hoGm;wwfonf/ ra&Smifom rwdrf;om &ifqdkifwdk;avvSsifrl rcsdjyHK;av; jyHK;jyavh&Sdavonf/ a,musfm;uav;rsm; tonf;a0'emudk cHpm;&avvSsif t&uftdk;xJwGif pdrfjuonfymk jum;zl;onf/ t&ufrl;jyD; tdyfaysmfoGm;avvSsif t&m&mudk arhypfekdifpGrf;&Sdonfymk qdkjuavonf/ udk&ifarmifurl t&ufaomufymefrwlacs/ odk haomfvnf; t&ufraomuf1mJ rl;aeovdk ol h rsufvHk;rsm;u &Da0a0jzpfaewwfonf/ ndKaxG;udkawG hvSsif ol hrsufvHk;rsm;udk atmufpdkufjyD; rjunfhrd atmif vTJxm;wwfavonf/ ]&ifarmifymm wu,fh vl&dk;vlaumif;ygAsm? aysmfwwfaemufwwfayr,fh wu,f&dk;ygw,f? ndKaxG;u 1mmvdk hrsm; rjudkufwmvJ] udkoef;a0u ajymaomtcg cifcdsKonf a,mifcsmcsmyif jyHK;aevdkuf&onf/ 1mmjyefajym&rnf rodaomajumifh jidrfaeonfuom taumif;qHk; jzpfrnf xifonf/ ]'DaumifjuD; tawmfxdaew,f? nwdkifus&if wvl;vl; wvGef hvGef heJ h? vomwJh nawGrsm; wpfa,mufwnf; vrf;xxavSsmufaevdk huGsefawmfwdk hrSm wzm;zm; vdkufaeju&w,f} udk&ifarmif owif;udk cifcdsKu jyefvnf azmufonfcsaomtcg ndKaxG;onf idkrvdk rsufeSm xm;av;eSifh &,faeavonf/ a0a0onf ndKaxG; rsufeSmav;udk tai;om;junfh&if; oufjyif;cs
  • 88. rpE´m 87 onf/ 'Dwpfcgawmh &efuem;vnf; u,fekdifymef rwlawmhacs/ rnfolupí arT;rSef;rodaomfvnf; avmifavaom rD;onf tm;vHk;udk ylapcJhavonf/ wdrfawmufaom naewGif cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; tcef;tjyif1mufwGif pkrdjujyefavonf/ o&ufoD; ay:cdsefrdk hrcspfpk o&ufoD;udk iHjym&nf? jiKyfoD;pyfpyfeSifh wdk hpm;&if; pyfrdpyf&m pum;0dkif; zGJ hrdjuonf/ ]o&ufoD;pm;&if; tcGHygpm;&w,f? tom;u 0rf;oufw,f? tcGHu 0rf;csKyfw,f? eSpfckpvHk;awmh wpfckeJ hwpfck xdef;oGm;w,fwJh} ]ymm 'dk hawmh tom;yJpm;r,f? 0rf;awmfvm;&Hkruvdk h1mmjzpfjzpf} r0gu rdkufpum;ajymjyD; tv,fom;rsm;udkcsnf;a&G;pm;avonf/ z&JoD;udkpm;ydk;eifhatmifpm;aom axG;axG;onf rcspfpk o&ufoD;pm;&HkeSifh tm;r&ao;acs/ trSnhfcHxm;aom &ifuGJo&ufrsm;udkyg cGJpm;&ef armfarmfhudk tazmfpyfaeavonf/ ]tck taqmifrSm atmfwdkawG yvlysHaewmyJ? aemufqHk;eSpfqkdawmh cGJju&awmhrSm rymkwfvm;} armfarmfu ajymaomtcg cifcsdK h&ifxJwGif 'def;ceJ jzpfoGm;onf/ ymkwfayonf/ 'kwd,eSpf0uf ausmif;zGifhjyD; vydkif;twGif; pmar;yGJppfawmhrnfjzpf/ xkdaemufwGifum; cifcsdKwdk hwawG ausmif;ouf ukefqHk;awmhrnf jzpfonf/ ajcmufeSpfwdkifwdkif aygif;vmaom oli,fcsif;rsm;onfvnf; cGJcGmju&awmhrnf jzpfayonf/ ausmif;om;1m0rS tvkyform;1m0odk hul;ajymif;ju&awmh rnfjzpfayonf/ ]ckvqkd&if *Gsef? *sLvdkifqkd&if pmar;yGJjyD;jyD? 1mmvdkvdkeJ hwpfvausmfausmf1mJ vdkawmhw,f} r0gonf tcsdefudk aocsmpGm wGufjunfh&if; vef hoGm;ovdk ajymonf/ aerif;juD;udk aemufcHxm;jyD; ta&mifpHkawmufyaeaom wdrfrsm;onf tqkyfvdkuf tcJvdkuf a&G hvsm; aejuonf/ ae0ifcsdefeD;jyDjzpfí pufrSKwuúodkvfacgifrdk;ay:&Sd a&puftdrfav;rsm;onf rJrJ&dyf&dyfeSifh uGsef;arsm av;rsm;vdk jzpfaeonf/ 'Dwuúodkvf 'D0ef;usif? 'Dtaqmif? 'Dajr 'Dav 'Doli,fcsif;rsm;eSifh cGJcGm&ef tcsdefonf eD;uyfvmacsjyDudkk ,ckrSyif tm;vHk; owdxm;rdjuonf/ uAsm0goemygaom rdonf uAsmav;ydk'fudk pyfqdkjyD; cifcsdKwdk hpmtkyf a&S h1muftzHk;wGif wdwfwdwfav; a&;xm;avonf/ ]ajomf wpfae hwpfae h? wa&G ha&G heSifh eSif;aiG hodkif;jcHK? aqmif;eSif;ukefí cgaEG1mufodk hul;cJhjyD/ aEGtOD;rdk h? av&l;jrL;aysmf Ojoausmfvsuf? uHhaumfawGvJ zl;cJhjyD/ zl;yk&pfpD? uopfeDeSifh &moDtcg ik0g0gwkd h ruGmaysmfvsuf armfjuonf/
  • 89. *sDa[mol 88 a&Tpifaomfarmf? uopfaysmfvnf; oHausmfOjo? aw;oDajymvnf; pdwfarmAsma0? aomuayGonf 'dk hawG cGJcGm&OD;rnf/ / * * *
  • 90. rpE´m 89 (23) ]cGJ&rSmyJ? wpfae hawmh tm;vHk; cGJju&rSmyJ? arG;vmuwnf;u wpfa,mufwnf; arG;vm&wm? rjyefvrf;udkawmif avSsmufjyD; tjyD;tydkif cGJju&rSm} rrcifonf w&m;oHygygeSifh ajymonf/ cgwdkif;naecif;vrf;avSsmufvSsif &Tifaysmf oGufvufjyD; &,fp&mrsm; ajymumavSsmufavh&Sdaom cifcsdKwdk hvlpkonf ckwpfcgawmh r&,fedkif? raysmfedkif ajcvSrf;av; aejuonf/ cGJju? cGmju? auGuGif;ju&rnfudk taotcsm odaeaomfvnf; pdwfxJwGif vufrcHcsifjuay/ ]cspfcifaygif;oif; qufqHjcif;um;? auGuGif;aemufqHk; &Sdacs wJh} rdonf vrf;a1m;acsmufxJrS ajruyfyef;0g0gav;rsm;udk qif;cl;&if; ajymonf/ rkd;jzKdifjzdKif usvSsif rdk;a&eSifhtwl 0g0if;aeatmif yGifhvef;vmwwfjuaom yef;av;rsm;onf cspfpzG,faumif;vSonf/ rdk;zGJzGJ wGifvnf; yGifhonf/ rdk;oJoJwGifvnf; vef;onf/ aeylvSsifvnf; rnSdK;acs/ 1m0eSifhcsDjyD; juD;juD; us,fus,f ajym&vSsif avmu"H txktaxmif;udk tawmfcHedkifonfymk ajym&rnfxifonf/ ]eSpfywfvnf xrif;pm;yGJus&if 'dk hawG tpDtpOfwpfckavmufvkyfzdk haumif;w,f} ]1mmtpDtpOfvJ} ]a':&oDu ajymw,f? 'dk h*sDaymmolawGymm ausmif;om;awGeSdrforSs tjrJcHae&wmwJh? ausmif;u rxGufcif trSwfw& wpfckck jyefaqmfoGm;csifw,fwJh} ausmif;oufwpfeSpfukefjyD; 'kwd,eSpf0uf pm;ar;yGJppfcgeD;wGif taqmifae ausmif;ol ausmif;om; rsm;udk txl;tpDtpOfeSifh auGs;arG;jyD; eSKwfqufyGJvkyfwwfonfum; eSpfpOfyif/ pm;aomufjyD;juaomtcg tekynm toif;eSifh 0goem&Sifrsm;u tutckefrsm;eSifh ajzazsmfjuavonf/ ]1mmtpDtpOfvkyf&rvJ? u& ckef&atmifuvJ 'dk hawGtxJrSm csdKrdkifrdkifawmif rSefatmif uwwf ju&J hvm; rod} ]jyZmwfqkd&ifaum} ]1mmZmwfvrf;udk ujurSmvJ} cifcsdKwdk hat;at;oufom pum;ajym&if; avSsmufvmcsdefwGif ta&S h1mufrS ausmif;om;wpfpk avSsmufvmonfudk owdjyKrdonf/ rsufrSefjuD;w0if;0if;eSifh Apfwmudk jzwfceJ awG hvdkufí olwdk hvlpkxJ wGif udk&ifarmifvnf; ygvmvdrfhrnf xifonf/ ndKaxG;u 1m,fvdkaernfrod/ cifcsdKyif &ifckefcsifonf/ ]AsdK; rrcif? cifAsm;wkd h*sDaymmu eSpfvnfxrif;pm;yGJus&if Zmwfpifay:wufjurvdk hqdk}
  • 91. *sDa[mol 90 tekynm toif;0if udkoef;atmifonf tmus,fygus,feSifh vSrf;eSKwfqufavonf/ udkoef;atmif aemuf1mufwGif udk&ifarmifudk awG h&onf/ rsufeSmudk cyfvTJvTJxm;jyD; acgif;iHk haeav onf/ a0a0onf udk&ifarmif rsufeSmudk trdt& vdkufjunfhjyD; tuJcwfaeonf/ ]wufr,f wufr,f? uGsefrwdk h*sDaymmolawGudk tjrJwrf;eSdrfaewm? Zmwfpifay:wufjyD; &Sifwdk h awGudk jyefeSdrfypfOD;r,f} ]trf rm av; ajumufygw,fAs} Apfwmonf a0a0eSifh armfarmfudk rsufvHk;tjyL;om;eSifh junfh&if; xatmfonf/ ol hjunfh &onf rSm wu,fhudk ajumufaeymef &Sdonf/ armfarmfwdk honf olwdk heSifh 1mmrS rqdkifovdk rsufeSmxm; wnfwnfxm;jyD; r0geSifh vSnfhpum;ajymaeavonf/ ndKaxG;onf cifcsdKwdk haemuf1mufwGif uyfí &yf&if; ajr0yfyef;0g0gav;rsm;udk pdkufjunfhaeav onf/ ndKaxG; &ifxJwGif rnfuJhodk h&Sdrnfudk cifcsdKodcsifaeonf/ cifcsdKwdk hvlpktm;vHk;a&m? udk&ifarmifyg £ajE´rysufjuonfhtwGuf pum;0kdif;onf pdkpdkjynfjynf jzpfaeonf/ ]ndKaxG;a&m urSmvm;} ]rvkyfygeJ h? vltm;vHk; xGufajy;ukefyghr,f} ]wpfa,mufawmh usefrSmayghAsm} ]1m,folvJymif} Apfwmu taeSmifhrvGwftoGm;rvGwf ajymaomtcg a0a0onf pum;udk eif;um uref;uwef; ar;avonf/ a0a0wpfa,muf tjuHtzefawG vkyfaejyefjyD xifonf/ ndKaxG; rsufeSmav;onf &JceJ jzpfoGm;jyD; Apfwmhudk cyfawGawGav; vSrf;junfhonf/ Apfwmonf acgif;udk ukwfum &,foGrf;aoG;&if; pum;avSsmhcsvdkufonf/ ]tymJ uGsefawmfyg? uGsefawmfu tuqdk&if arsmufuawmif xrif;arh ymif;arh xdkifjunfhwwfwm} a0a0onf pdwfysufoGm;ovdk rsufeSmav; &SHK hoGm;onf/ udk&ifarmifurl rodrom oufjyif;&SdKuf vdkufavonf/ tajumif;rSefudk rodaom rrcifeSifh axG;axG;wdk hurl ymefeSifhyefeSifh ajymaom Apfwmhudk junfhum &,faejuavonf/ junfjunfvifvifaom rdk;aumif;uifonf &kwfcsnf;yif rdk;&dyfrsm;wufum tHk hqdkif; vmonf/ &Gmra,mif ymefjyifum *sdK;*sdrf;oH ay;aeavonf/ ausmif;udk ywfjyD; avSsmuf&ef tjuHudk vufavSsmh vdkufjyD; aemufajumif;jyefavSsmufvmcJhjuonf/ cifcsdKwdk h vlpkeSifhtwl udk&ifarmifwkd hvlpkvnf; ygvm juavonf/ ]&efukefrdk;eJ h&efukefolymm tpdk;r&1ml;wJhAs} udkoef;atmifonf cyfoGufoGufavSsmufae&if;rS rdk;#Dum zGifhavonf/ wpfcsdefvHk; jidrfaeaom udk&ifarmifonf 'Dwpfcgawmh toHxGufvmonf/
  • 92. rpE´m 91 ]&efukefrdk;u tpdk;r&ayr,fh &Gmwwfygw,fAsm? tnmrdk;urS &Gmawmhrvdk tHk hqdkif;jyD; rdk;csdrf;oH awGom nHaew,f? rdk;ajy;uav;rS r&Gm? rdk;aygufuav;rS rus? arSsmfwJholom arm&wwfwm} rdonf rdk;vGwfatmif tajy;wpfydkif;eSifh vrf;avSsmuf&if; udk&ifarmifhudk rodrom vSnfhjunhf onf/ rdk;aumif;uifudk armhjunfhaeaom udk&ifarmifurl owdxm;rdymef rwlacs/ tnmrSm arG;jyD; tnmrSjuD;aomtnmolav; ndKaxG;uwdwfwcdk;av; yifhouf&SdKufvdkufonfukdum; cifcsdKodvdkufonf/ ]atmifr,f tnmrdk;u &Gm&ifvJ oJjuD;rJjuD;ygyJ&Sif} ]&GmygapAsm? oJoJrJrJjuD;udk &GmygapAsm} axG;axG;onf 1mkrod 1mrod 0ifawmavonf/ Apfwmonf ndKaxG;udk a0hceJ junfh&if; tmvkyfoHjud;eSifh qkawmif;aomtcg a0a0onf ymufymufyufyuf &,favawmhonf/ cyfoGufoGuf avSsmufae&if;rS rdk;pufrdk;aygufrsm; usvmaomtcg ciffcsdKwdk hwawG tajy;wpfydkif; jzpfukefjuonf/ AdokumXme teD;vrf;cGJwGif udk&ifarmifwdk hu Xme1muf ajy;jujyD; cifcsdKwdk hu taqmif1muf ajy;cJh juonf/ ]uGsefawmfwdk hZmwfvdkufjuD; udk&ifarmifvJ oDcsif;wufqdk vdrfhr,fAs? wpfyifwdkif rif;om;juD;wJh} wjznf;jznf;pdyfjyD;oJvmaomrdk;ajumifh cifcsdKwdk hwawGtajy;rvGwfrSef;odíajcvSrf;udk t&SdefavSsmh vdkufjuonf/ Apfwmonf rrDrurf; vSrf;atmfajymvdkufao;onf/ ]ndKaxG; ajy;eSifhr,f? acgif;udk a&pdkrcHcsif1ml;} ndKaxG;onf ajymajymqdkqkd wpfOD;wnf; ajy;xGufoGm;avonf/ cifcsdKwdk hurl pdkrnfh twlwl rxl;awmhonfhtwGuf rdk;a&xJwGifyif avSsmufvmcJhjuavonf/ cyfpyfpyfav; rdk;pufrdk;rSKefrsm; rsufeSm udk yufaeonfrSm wpfrsdK;t&om&Sdonf/ a0a0onf acgif;udk armhjyD; yg;pyfudk ymxm;avonf/ ]rdk; rdk; rdk; vm; armifwkd h av av avvm; armifwdk h aym; av av avvm; r,fwkd h ymm; rdk; rdk; rdk;vm; r,fwdk h} a0a0? armfarmfeSifh axG;axG;wdk honf wpfvSnfhpD wdkif&if; 0&kef;okef;um; atmfaejuonf/ rdk;a&rsm;eSifh &TJuyfaeaom qHyifrsm;ajumifh olwkd h &,fusJusJ rsufeSmav;rsm;onf ajumifpDpD jzpfaejuonf/ vljyuf&kyfaygufaejuonf/ rrcifonf olwdk hudk ai;junfhae&if; 0rf;omtm;& xatmf onf/ ]ymkwfjyD ymkwfjyD oHcsyfxdk;r,f? 'ifemus&if *sDaymmu oHcsyfxkd;r,f} ]aumif;w,f aumif;w,f}
  • 93. *sDa[mol 92 r0gu vSdKufvSdKufvSJvSJ axmufcHonf/ tjuHay:vmjyDrkd htaqmif&Sd vlpkeSifh wdkifyif&ef ajcvSrf; oGufvmjuonf/ taqmif0&Sd ydawmuf nDaemifatmufodk ha&mufaomtcg armfarmfonf ydawmuf&Guf rsm;udk ckefí qGJ&if; &,farm&Gwfqdkvdkufavonf/ ]pufrSKausmif;om; a*:irf;ayG? rdef;r&SmawGawmif a&Smif1ml;qdkyJ} ]ymm; odyfaumif;w,f? armfarmf qufpyf? qufjyD; pyfygOD;} rdonf tm;wufoa&m ajymonf/ armfarmfvufudk twif;qGJum qufí pyfcdkif;aeonf/ armfarmfonf 1mmqufqdk&rnf rodonfhtwGuf acgif;ukwf&if; ymufymufyufyuf &,faeavonf/ * * *
  • 94. rpE´m 93 (24) &,farmoHrsm;onf wpfcef;vHk; yJhwifxyfum qlnHaeonf/ Zmwfpifay:wGifpdyfykwD;juD; {&meE´m juD;qGJum ajumifpD pD&yfaeaom udkoef;a0tjzpfuvnf; &,fp&mrdk hcifcsdKwdk h £ajE´raqmifedkifacs/ eSpfvnf npmpm;yGJtjyD; uyGJrsm;rprD rJazmufavonf/ rJaygufaomol uHxl;olrsm;onf olwdk h qkvm'frsm;udk pifjrifhay:wufjyD; ,lju&onf/ vltrsm;a&S hwGif aygufrJudk zGifhjunfhju&avonf/ udkoef;a0onf yxrqHk;aygufaom uHxl;oljzpfí cifcsdKwdk hwawG vufckyfudk qlnHaeatmif wD;ay; juonf/ ol&aom aygufrJu txkyfcyfao;ao;yif jzpfonf/ eSpfvnfyGJrdk htusF Dpdrf;&ifh&ifh? a1mmif;1mD pdrf;&ifh&ifhESifh OD;cGsefzdeyfpD;um tuste &SdK;xkwfxm;aom ukdoef;a0onf y&dowfqE´t& ol haygufrJudk pifjrihfay:wGif zGifhjy&&Smonf/ ykwD;aphwpfvHk;vSsif ZD;jzLoD;cef h&Sdaom pdwfykwD;juD; xGufvmojzifh rsufeSmav; i,foGm;&Smonf/ tcrf;tem;rSL;u pdyfykwD;juD;vnfyif;pGyfay;aomtcgolonf y&dowfzuf vSnfhjyD; OD;nGwfjyavonf/ a1mmif;1mDjuD;um;um;eSihf pdyfykwD;qGJxm;aom udkoef;a0udk junfhjyD; rnfolrSs £ajE´raqmifedkifjuawmhay/ w0g;0g; jzpfukefjuawmhonf/ wdkufwdkufqdkifqdkifyif aemufwpfcg rJaygufolum; a0a0jzpfavonf/ a0a0onf pifjrihfhay:odk h ajumufqkwfqkwfeSifh wufoGm;&&Smonf/ a0a0haygufrJonfum; juD;rm;vSacsonf/ cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; txkyfjuD;udk junfhjyD; 1mk&m;waejuonf/ zGifhvdkufaomtcg zdk;0&kyfjuD; um;um;juD;xGufvmojzifh 0g;ceJ jzpfukefjuonf/ ]ymm; ymm; a0a0uG? *sDaymmu rdaumuG ymm; ymm; ymm;} cifcsdKwdk haemuf1mufweff;wGif xdkifaeaom Apfwmonf tlvSdKufoJvSdKuf &,faeavonf/ zdk;0&kyfjuD;udk pifjrifhay:wifjyD; ayG hxm;&aom a0a0tjzpfuvnf; roufomvSacs/ a0a0acsmufayguf wdk;aeyHkudk junfhjyD; udk&ifarmifeSifh Apfwmwdk htawmfyif 0rf;omtm;& jzpfaeyHk&avonf/ rcsdoGm;jznf; eSifhajumifpDpDav; &,faeaom a0a0hudk junfh&if; Apfwmha1m;rS tvGrf;rif;om;udk&ifarmifuvnf; raeedkif toHxGufatmif wymm;ymm; &,faeonf/ ]a&mh cifcsdKpm;ygOD;vm;} uyGJrsm;rprD udk&ifarmifonf qm;iHaphwpfxkyf vSrf;ay;avonf/ cifcsdKwdk huvnf; uGmaphxkyf rsm; jyefay;onf/ cyfwef;wef;jzpfae&mrS a0a0vljyuftvkyfaumif;onfh twGuf &,fjuarmjueSifh jyefjyD; wpfpnf;wpfvHk;wnf; pkrdoGm;juonf/ ndKaxG;onfvnf; junfjunfvifvifuav; jyHK;&,fae avonf/ ]aymm xGufjyD xGufjyD oHcsyfxGufjyD}
  • 95. *sDa[mol 94 rjumygacs/ arSsmfaeaom oHcsyftzGJ hxGufvmavonf/ a,musfm;av;wpfzuf rdef;uav; wpfzuf *i,fyHk0dkif;jyD; &yfvdkufjuonf/ oHcsyfxdk;rnfholrsm;wGif vSvSjrifh? a':&oD? rpef;? jroufndK? rwif&D? rmrmwif? pE´DvSdKif? rtHk;jrifhpaom owådcJrsm; ygavonf/ tusF DeSifhvHkcsnfqifwl tpdrf;? t0g? tjymponfjzifh wpfa&mifpD tay:atmuf qifwl0wfxm;aom *sDaymmolav;rsm;onf vdyfjyma&mifpHkav; rsm; pkpnf;xm;onfeSifh wlaeonf/ tm;vHk;yif &SKrjiD;atmif vSaejuonf/ a,musfm;av;1mufurl udkwif0if;eSifh wifarmif0if;wdk hygavonf/ a,musfm;av; wpfvSnfh? rdef;uav;wpfvSnfh oHcsyfxdk;&if; i,fusdK;i,femrsm; azmfum aqmfju? eSufju? wG,fjurnfrdk htm;vHk;yif pdwf0ifwpm; &Sdjuavonf/ yrmPysdK;jyD; q&m? q&mr? y&dowfrsm;udkuefawmhjyD; onfeSifh 1mmrajym nmrajym ]wuúodkvfwdkif;rSm ymdk;ymdk;ausmf *sDaymmolaemf a&Smifju &Sm;ju} ymk xwG,fygawmhonf/ a,musfm;av;rsm;onf 0g;ceJ &,fum vufckyfwajzmif;ajzmiff; wD;avonf/ ]eSrunmwdk hudk tjypfqkd&if udk,fhudkukd,fyif? jyefjunfhygOD;} ]yk uG ydefacsmuf rnf;jymjym yHkrvmwm &Sifwdk h&Sifwdk h} *sDaymmolrsm;uvnf; raeygacs/ ausmif;om;rsm;udk vufnSdK;xdk;um jyefvnf oHcsyfxkd;juonf/ 'Dwpfcgawmh cifcsdKwdk hndKaxG;wdk htvSnfhjzpfonf/ vufckyfemem wD;ay;&onf/ ]*sDaymmoludk rvdkcsif AD,uferfyif oGm;vdkufcsifao;} AD,uferfppfrD;yGm;aecsdefrdk holwdk hpum;onf xdrdvSonf/ olwdk hu toHudk jrSifhum ymdef;aeatmif atmfovdk atmufzufrS jo1mmoHuvnf; nHoGm;avonf/ ]pm;csifvSwJh? pyspfcsdK vSrf;rrDoudk? csOfjuwmaygh} ]ukwfacsmif;acsmif;eJ hydef*kwfarmif rwefaygifaemf O'kAÁ&eJ h} yd*Fkwå&vkvifeSifh O'kAÁa'0Dwdk h Oyrmudk cdkif;eSdkif;jyD; *sDaymmolrsm;udk aoG;juD;ymef vkyfavonf/ ]ig;rmefwufolrdk h&ufpufavw,f oufoufu,f aoGz,fvdk harwu,f pdrf;wmayghaemf} ymk Apfwmonf &,f&if;arm&if; wdk;wdk;av; a&&Gwfaeonf/ ]wHcg;ydwfvdk h? zsmvdyfum ewfar;wmymm olwkd htusihf}
  • 96. rpE´m 95 ]wdk;wdk;wdwfwdwf usdwfvdk hom *Pef;wGufwm olwdk htusifh} rdef;uav;aqmifwGif &SifratmifjzL zsmvdyfewfar;juonfudk oHcsyfxJ xnfhaomtcg *sDaymmol rsm;uvnf; a,musfm;av;aqmif&Sd zJ0kdif;rsm;udk &nf&G,fjyD; jyefqdkjuavonf/ a&S hwef;wGif xdkifaeaom q&mrsm;onf wjznf;jznf; vrdkif;uyfum ymefeSifh yefeSifh qdkukefjuaom oHcsyftzGJ hudk junfh&if; ymufymuf yufyuf &,faejuavonf/ i,fusdK;i,fem tukefvHk; zHk;r&1mJ ay:ukefjuaom ausmif;ol ausmif;om;rsm; tjzpfuvnf; roufomvSacs/ ]ig;ydajumf q,fjym;zdk;? q,fa,mufwdk;wm junfhraumif;1ml;} ]xrif;pm;cef;xJ a,mifrSm;0if aiGroGif;&if jyefxGuf jyefxGuf} ig;ydajumfq,fjym;zdk;udk 0,fjyD; q,fa,muf0dkif;pm;juonfymk rdef;uav;wdk huyfap;eSJyHkudk olwdk h u pmzGJ havonf/ ausmif;vc? taqmifaju;? xrif;vc ponfwdk hudk roGif;1mJ tcsdefwefvSsif xrif;vmpm;juaom ausmif;om;rsm; tjyKtrludk twGif;od tpif;odrdk hausmif;olrsm;uvnf; csufcsif;jyefyufavonf/ twdkiftazmufnDvSojzifh &,foHonf rpJedkif1mJ yJhwifvdkufaeavonf/ oHcsyfvrdkif;uyfjyD; trlt,mpHkpHkeSifh jyHK;um rJhum &,farmum vufnSdK;wxkd;xdk; tusdwfte,f jzpfukefojzifh em;axmif&onfa&m? junfh&onfyg tm;&p&m aumif;vSonf/ ]pdwfrqkd;ygeJ haqGuvsm 'dk hwawGymm armifeSrawGyJ} ]armifeSrawGrdk h? aysmfaysmf&Tif cifrifwmawG ? ajymvdk hrqHk;} oHcsyftjyD; ajuat;pum;qdkaejuaomtcg udkoef;a0onf usdwfredkif cJr&eSifh ]aymhaumifawG owådenf;vSacsuvm;? qufqdk? qufqdk} ymk toHjyJjuD;eSifh xatmfavonf/ Zmwfpifay:rS vlrsm;yg raeedkif1mJ &,fju&awmhonf/ ]1mJOjcrf; jzLwlwl qm;a&eJ hul? pufrSKol trlwHk;? 1mJOeJ hzHk;/ ymdkrav 'Drav ymif;csdKa& yef;uefxJ
  • 97. *sDa[mol 96 ydkufusa& ylylaEG; qm;uav;eJ hwJh/ t&d&,f t&GJ&,f ajc&kd;wJhuG,f vnfacsmif;oG,f? awmifyefum;? pufrSKjuufom;/ aymm'DrSm aymm'DrSm tacgufrSm tqDaxG; arT;ndKndK? yifcsif;,Suf? 0ufymif;wJhav;/ rrSKyg tdk igh&Sif? tm;enf;vm&if ADwmrif at wl Zuf? aq;&HkuxGuf 0rf;udk hpfwJh vHk;wpf&m aq;vmxdk;yg 'dk ha'gufwmudkvlajzmifh tyfjuD;eJ hapmifh 0rf;udk hpfrSm vHk;wpf&m ? aq;vmxkd;yg? wifyg;rSm 1m,fnm,Suf? xkdif&cufcuf? eSmacgif;ydwfrcHedkif? ikwfwkwf&ifqdkif? &eH hjudkif xdkifr&? 'dk htdrfomAs? ymdka&S hu uefom-uefom? pufrSKuefom urÇmrSm pHwifxm;? tHhzG,fwpfyg; 1mdk;1mGm;rS ajr;jrpfwD? jyD;vkygjyD &mjynfhrD 'DuefxJ ul;&rvGJ/ aemufqHk;wGifum; 1mmrS rusefawmhacs/ pm;raumif;aom taqmifymif;rsm;udk vnf;aumif;? vmorSs vlemudk aq;xdk;vTwfaom q&m0efudkvnf;aumif;? teSpfeSpf tvvuaqmufaejyD; ,ckwdkif rjyD;edkifao;aom pufrSKa&ul;uefudk vnf;aumif; wG,fjuawmhonf/ vufckyfnDpGm wD;jyD; oHjydKif qdkaeaom oHcsyftzGJ hudk tm;ay;aom vufckyfoHrsm;onfvnf; rpJawmhacs/ yg;pyf rydwfedkifatmif &,fcJh&í yg;&kd;rsm;yif anmif;aeonf/ ]'Dwpfcg *sDaymmolawG w,fowådaumif;vSyguvm;} Apfwmu a0a0hudk vSrf;junfhonf/ &,farm&TifcsdKaeaom ndKaxG;udk udk&ifarmifu ai;pdkufjunfh aeavonf/ tuFsDtpdrf;&ifh&ifh0wfxm;ojzifhndKaxG;tom;av;rsm;onftuFsDa&mifymyfum tajumpdrf; rsm; ,Sufaeoa,mifyif xif&atmif 0if;yaeonf/ wywfvSsdKqHxHk;wGif uyfyefxm;aom eSif;qDyef; t0gav;onf judkifaeatmif arT;avonf/ ykvJoG,f&Snf&Snfav;wpfuHk;wnf;udk qGJxm;aom ndKaxG; ymefonf ausmh&Sif;vSonf/
  • 98. rpE´m 97 ol hudk ukd&ifarmifjunfhaeajumif;udkodaomtcgndKaxG;rsufeSmav;onf&TifcsdKae&mrS wnfoGm; avonf/ eSKwfcrf;eSpfvTmudk wif;wif;aphum ZmwfcHkudk ai;junfhaeavonf/ &ifckefaumif; ckefae rnfjzpfaomfvnf; ol htrlt&monf at;pufvSavonf/ ]1mmjzpfvdk hymefaqmifcsif&wmvJ rdef;uav;&,f} ymk ar;vdkufcsifaomfvnf; rar;&ufí rar;rdacs/ ndKaxG;&ifxJrS rmeonf ckxd t&nfaysmfao;ymef rwlacs/ ]wu,fhwu,fawmh 'DyGJymm uGsefawmfwdk hausmif;om;awGtwGuf eSKwfqufyGJyJ? rjumcif pmar;yGJppfawmhrSm? jyD;vdk h&Sd&if wpfae&mpD? wpfXmepD? rawG hrjrifcsif&ifvJ rawG hju rjrifju&awm h 1ml;ayghAsm? uGsefawmfuawmh cifygw,f? 'DvlawGudk arhrSmvJ rymkwfyg1ml;} uyGJtjyD;wGif udk&ifarmifonf cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk;udk eSKwfqufpum;qdkavonf/ rsufvTmcsxm;aom ndKaxG;udk cyfpdkufpdkufav; junfhjyD;rS vSnfhxGufoGm;avonf/ cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; ajumufaeaom auGuGif; cGJcGmjcif; ymlaom avmu"Hw&m;juD;udk &ifqdkifju&awmhrnfymk taotcsm odvnf; od? awG;vnf; awG;aerdjuavonf/ rawG;rdvSsif aumif;onf/ awG;rdvSsif oHa,mZOf trSsifwef;í &ifxJwGif av;oGm;wwfonf/ apmapmu &,farm &Tifaysmfaeonfudkyif arhoa,mif jzpfoGm;onf/ ]vlcsif; rawG hekdif&ifawmif pma&;awmh rysif;juygeJ h oli,fcsif;wdk h&m} r0gonf wkefcwfaom toHeSifh rSmavonf/ * * *
  • 99. *sDa[mol 98 (25) ]cifcsdKa&- r0gav pma&;ysif;vSwJhjum;xJu yxrqHk;a&;wJh pmyg? cifcsdKwdk hppfwrf;a&m wif&cgeD;a&maygh? opfyifav;awG um;av;awG ulvkyfray;edkifwm pdwfraumif;1ml;uGm? r0g 'DrSmawmh tm;aejyD? tdrfrSmqdkawmh twdk;cs Zdrfusaewmaygh? pm;jyD; tdyf tdyfjyD; pm;? pmar;yGJatmifpm&if;awGvJ cifcsdKwdk h ppfwrf; wifjyD; av;ig;&ufae&if xGufrSmqdk} ,laom 1mmomwGJjcif; rwlovdk? cifcsdKwdk holi,fcsif;wpfpk pmar;yGJjyD;aomtcsdefonfvnf; rwljuay/ r0g? a0a0eSifh armfarmfwdk honf tapmqHk; jyD;oGm;juonf/ cifcsdKwdk hwawGxuf eSpfywfcef h apmjyD; tdrfjyefoGm;juonf/ r0gwdk hpnf;pdrfjuD;aeaom tcsdefwGif cifcsdKwdk haxG;axG;wdk hrtdyfrae judk;pm;aewkef; jzpfonf/ tpm;ysuf ttdyfysuf yifyef;aeonfhjum;xJrS r0g pmuav;udk zwf& onfrSm vlygtem;a&mufvmjyD; pum;ajymaeovdk &ifxJwGif aEG;oGm;onf/ xdkae hnwGif cifcsdKonf yHkqGJae&if; vufay:acgif;pdkufum vpfceJ tdyfaysmfoGm;onf/ cPuav; tdyfaysmfoGm;onfhtxJwGiftdyfrufrufaeao;onf/ tdyfrufxJwGif r0gvnf; ygonf/ a0a0vnf; ygonf/ ndKaxG;vnf; ygonf/ udk&ifarmif wpf,mufvnf; cifcsdK htdyfrufxJodk h a&mufvmao;onf/ ndKaxG;eSifh udk&ifarmifwkd hjyHK;&TifpGm pum;ajymaejuonfudk junfh&if; a0a0onf 0rf;omtm;& jzpfaeavonf/ udk&ifarmif tareSifh a0a0tarwdk hwkwfjuD;rsm; udkifum a&mufvm aomtcg cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; xajy;juonf/ tl,m;zm;,m; ajy;ae&mrS a0a0 junfvifaom &,foH uav;udk jum;&ao;onf/ cifcsdKurl ajy;vdkufonfrSm w&Sdefxdk;jzpfonf/ aemufudkyif vSnfhí rjunfhtm;/ ajy;&if;vTm;&if; acsmufxJvdrfhusaomtcgrS at;ceJ jzpfjyD; edk;vmonf/ ekd;vmjyD;aomtcg wGifyif wu,f ajy;vTm;xm;&ovdk armaeao;onf/ ]axG;axG;wdk hawG ausmif;udk ywfjyD; eSKwfqufju&atmif} ppfwrf;wifjyD; aemufwpfae heHeufapmapmwGif axG;axG;u tazmfpyfojzifh cifcsdKwdk honf ausmif;udk wpfywfywfjyD; avSsmufvmcJhjuonf/ ae hv,fcif;wGif tdrfjyef&ef tm;vHk; odrf;qnf; jyifqifxm;jyD; jzpfonf/ wu,fcGJju&awmhrnf qkdawmhvnf; oufrJhausmif;juD;udkyif rcGJcsif? rcGmcsif? oHa,mZOf trSsifwef; rdavonf/ ]ajcmufeSpfqdkwJhtcsdefymm 1mmrSrjum1ml;? ukefoGm;vdkufwmaemf? junfhprf; cifcsdK? axG;axG;wdk h ausmif;a&mufpu ajrrSm yk0yfaewJh ca&yifav;awG? junfhygOD; jrifhvSjyDaemf? axG;axG;wdk hvJ touf ajcmufeSpfawmif juD;vmjujyD}
  • 100. rpE´m 99 ca&&Gufpdrf;pdrf;av;rsm;udk w,kw, yGwfoyf&if; axG;axG;onf cyfaqG;aqG;av; ajymonf/ ajcmufeSpfqdkaom tcsdefonf jzKwfceJ ukefoGm;cJhayjyD/ cifcsdKwkd hvnf; vli,fouf ukefqHk;jyD; vljuD;ydkif; 0ifa&mufvmjyDrdk hat;jrjravudk w0&SLjyD; tm;opf pkxm;rdonf/ cifcsdKwdk hq&mjuD; OD;a&Taumh tajym t&rl 1m0 pmrsufeSm topfwpf&Guf vSefju&awmhrnf jzpfonf/ cifcsdKwdk honf ca&yifvrf;rS arwåmaygif;ul;wHwm;1mufodk hauG hvmcJhjuonf/ taqmif (1)eSifh (2)udk qufoG,fxm;aom wHwm;av; eSpfcktv,fwGif a&uef0kdif;av;eSifh &GufvSyif pdrf;pdrf;rsm; jzma0aeonf/ ausmif;juD;wpfausmif;vHk; cifcsdKwdk heSpfOD;u vGJí ouf&Sdowå0gyif r&Sdoa,mif jidrfvS wdwfvSonf/ arwåmaygif;ul;a&uefav;wGif 0dk;w0g; vSKyf&Sm;aeaom udk,fht&dyfudk udk,fiHk hjunfh&if; jidrfaerdjuonf/ a&uefxJwGif trSdKufrsm;usjyD; zm;avmif;aumif taoav;rsm; aygavmarsmaeonf/ cifcsdK wwd,eSpfwkef;url vl&Sif;vSsif a&uefxJrS zm;wpfydkif; ig;wpfydkif;av;rsm;udk vuf0g;eSifhtkyfum zrf;jrJ jzpfonf/ vufxJwGif wjzKwfjzKwfckefum ymdk'Dwkd;a0S haeaom zm;avmif;uav;rsm;eSifh upm;& onfrSm eSpfjcKdufzG,faumif;vSavonf/ ckawmh zm;aoav;rsm;udk awGawGa0a0junfh&if; ukefvGefcJhaom tcsdefrsm;udk jyefvnf awG;aerdonf/ i,f1m0udk wrf;wrf;ww jyefvnfawG;&aom vljuD;1m0udk tpjyKvmjyD xifonf/ &GufvS&GufeDeDav;wpf&Gufudk tzsm;aumhum a&xJcsvdkufonf/ &GufavSeDeDav;ozG,f avwdkuf &m 1mufodk h0JvSnfhí arsmaeavonf/ a&wGiful;cwfaeaom zm;avmif;av;rsm;u olwkd hqD avSuav; OD;wnfvmvSsif &SJceJ csJum a0;&modk hul;ajy;wwfjuonf/ ]emewfavSsmfyifaygufuav; wpfyifavmufawmh trSwfw& ,loGm;tHk;r,f? ol htyifyHkpHudk axG;axG; odyfjudkufw,fyJ} axG;axG;onf yifrjuD;rS jzmxGufaeaom tyifaygufuav;wpfckudk qGJekwfaeonf/ emewfyifozG,f t&GufcGsefrsm; um;aeaom uEÅm&yifrsdK; jzpfonf/ t&GufcGsefrsm; xdyfwGif cGsefjraeaom ql;rmrmrsm; &Sdao;onf/ pl;vdkufvSsif wjznf;jznf; tqdyfwufvmum roufrom cH&wwfonf/ a1m;zufodk hjzmum axmifxGufaeaom t&Gufrsm;onf vSawmh tawmfvSavonf/ ]av,mOfysufusjyD; avxD;eJ hqif;vmwJhvl emewfavSsmfyifay:us&ifawmh 'ku© } ymk a0a0onf tonf;w,m;,m;eSifh ykcHk;wGef hum ajymzl;onf/ ywfywfvnf ql;cGsefrmrmrsm; &Hxm;aom tyifay:odk husygu aqGrsdK; arhoGm;rnfvnf; trSefyif/ axG;axG;vufxJodk htyifaygufav;wpfyif uGswfygvmaomtcg cifcsdKwdk hvnf; qufjyD; avSsmuf cJhjuonf/ &lyaA'XmeteD;u avSum;tkwfcHkwGif wpfOD;wnf;xdkifaeaom udk&ifarmifudk awG haomtcg cifcsdKa&m axG;axG;yg ajcvSrf;wHk hoGm;juonf/ ,ckvdk eHeufapmapm wGif cifcsdKwdk huvGJjyD; rnfolrSs ausmif;1mufvmvddrfhrnfymk xifrxm;aomajumifh jzpfonf/ ]wpfa,mufwnf; 1mmawG awG;aewmvJ? 1mmawG aqG;aewmvJ} ]vlwpfck ylrSK&,fwJh taxGaxGqdkwm jum;zl;w,f rymkwfvm;Asm} axG;axG;uar;aomtcg udk&ifarmifonf ezl;ay:0Jusaeaom qHyifrsm;udk oyfwif&if; cyfjyHK;jyHK; av; ajymonf/ udk&ifarmifonf ydefoGm;ojzifh ydkjyD; t&yfjrifhvmoa,mif xif&onf/ pmar;yGJjyD;í ppfwrf;wifjyD;vSsif ae&yfjyefedkifjyD jzpfaomfvnf; tcsdK hausmif;om;rsm; onfatmifpm&if; apmifhjyD;rS jyefwwfjuonf/ udk&ifarmifvnf; atmifpm&if;apmifhaeymef &Sdonf/
  • 101. *sDa[mol 100 ]wdkufwdkufqdkifqdkifAsm? uGsefawmfrae hurS odw,f? a0a0htareJ huGsefawmfhtareJ hi,foli,fcsif; awGwJh} cifcsdK h&ifxJwGif 'def;ceJ jzpfoGm;onf/ r&Tifvef;aom ol hrsufeSmudk pdk;&drfwjuD; junfhrdavonf/ a0a0eSifh udk&ifarmifwkd h jyóemonf tpysdK;vmayjyDymk xdwfvef hpGm awG;aerdonf/ vljuD;tcsif; csif; cifrifjujcif;onf wpfcgwpf&H vli,fwdk htm; uoduatmuf jzpfapwwfjuonf/ ]ymkwfvm; a0a0vJ ajymzl;w,fxifw,f} ]ymm a0a0u e*dkxJu odw,fvm;} udk&ifarmifonf cifcsdK hudk tuJcwfovdk junfhaeavonf/cifcsdKua,mifuef;uef;eSifh acgif;ndwf jyaomtcg udk&ifarmifonf tkwfavSum;udk tm;avsmhpGm rSDcsvdkufonf/ wEGJ hEGJ hnGwfaeaom pdefyef;jym&Guf pdyfpdyfav;rsm;udk ai;junfhaeonfh udk&ifarmif rsufvHk; tpHkonf &Da0aeavonf/ ]&Sif;&Sif;yJ ajymjuygpdk hudk&ifarmif&,f? a0a0hudk tdrfu oa1mmwlayr,fh ndKaxG;udkyJ cspfw,f rymkwfvm;} cifcsdKu 'Jh'dk;juD; ajymcsvdkufaomtcg udk&ifarmifonf qwfceJ wkefoGm;um cifcsdK hudk pdkufjunfh aeavonf/ cifcsdKvnf; 1mmjzpfvdk hajymvdkufrdonfudk udk,fhudkudk,fyif pOf;pm;í r&acs/ w&m;oljuD;u 'g&dkufwm0ifvkyfaom Zmwfvrf;onf Zmwfodrf;aumif;ygapymlíomwdwfwcdk; judwfjyD;qkawmif;rdonf/ ]cifcsdKu tukefodaewmudk;} udk&ifarmif rsufeSmonf eDaejyD; oufjyif;wpfcsuf csvdkufonf/ a1m;wGif &yfaeaom axG;axG; onf 1mmrS em;rvnf1mJ yg;pyfuav;ymvsuf wtHhwjo jzpfaeavonf/ ]ndKaxG;ymm uGsefawmhfwpfoufeJ hwpfudk,f yxrqHk; eSpfeSpfumum cspfrdwJh rdef;uav;ygAsm? aemif wpfjcm;wpfa,mufudk cspfzkd hqdkwm vG,fedkifyghrvm;} udk&ifarmifu aqG;aqG;jrnfhjrnfh ajymaomtcg ajzodrfhpum;udk cifcsdK rajymedkifcJhacs/ rsufvHk; jyL;vdkuf ar;aighvkdufeSifh toHwdwf ar;cGef;awG xkwfaeaom axG;axG; vufudkom ememqkyfjyD; jidrfaerdonf/ rdndKaxG; rmetdk;uav; ymefaqmifrSK wHwdkif;juD; jydKaomae hudkom wrf;wrdavonf/ ]a0a0hudkawmh uGsefawmfu i,fajumuf} udk&ifarmifonf rcsdjyHK; jyHK;&if; ajymonf/ ykqdk;juD;awG zwfvwf zwfvwfeSifh rdef;uav; aqmifrS acG;ajy;0ufajy; ajy;&avatmif rpxm;aom a0a0hudk juif,moufxm;awmf&ef ta&;awG;yif awG;0Hh&Smymef rwlacs/ cifcsdKvnf; olwdk htjzpfudk pOf;pm;jyD; pdwfnpfonfhtxJrS &,frdao;onf/ cifcsdKwdk hoHk;OD; taqmif1mufodk hwdwfwdwfqdwfqdwfyif jyefcJhjuonf/ udk&ifarmifeSifh vrf;cGJonfeSifh axG;axG;onf ar;cGef;awG w&pyf ar;avawmhonf/
  • 102. rpE´m 101 vufzufopömpl;vSsifvnf; pl;ygapawmh? cifcsdKonf a&S;oa&mtcg vSvnf;vS? rmevnf; juD;aom *sDaymmol ndKaxG;eSifh udk&ifarmif qkdao cGususvlwdk h&Sdjuavownf;ymlonfu tpjyKjyD; ajym&avonf/ axG;axG;onf wpfcsdefvHk;jidrfvsuf em;axmifaeonf/ yHkjyifqHk;aomtcg &ifxJwGif wif;juyf aeovdk toufjyif;jyif; &SLavonf/ xkdaemuf ]'DyGJrSm ndKaxG;om rmercH&if aysmfp&m jzpfoGm;rSm} ymk rSwfcsufcsavonf/ rmeqdk awmifvdk armufaom ndKaxG;ymlonfh rdef;uav; jum;apcsifygonf/ * * *
  • 103. *sDa[mol 102 (26) cifcsdKa&- rmeqkdwm 1m,fae&mu uyfjyD; ygvmcJhwmvJymif? cifcsdKajymovdk ndKaxG; rmejuD; vGef;ovm;? udk,fhudkudk,fawmh rodwmtrSefygyJ? t&SHK;ray;csifwJhpdwfymm rmeqdk&ifawmh ndKaxG; rmejuD;cJhw,fvdk h ajym&rSmaygh/ rxifwmawGymm jzpfvmwwfw,faemf? ndKaxG;udk tcktdrfu edkifiHjcm;jyefwpfa,mufeJ h aphpyfcsif aew,f? t&ifuwnf;u armifeSrvdk cifvmcJhjuwJholygyJ? ararwdk huawmh ajymygw,f? orD;oa1mm rwl&if twif;rvkyfyg1ml;wJh? orD;rSm cspfol&Sd&ifvJ ajymygwJh? cifcsdK&,f ndKaxG;1mmvkyf&rvJ? wpfcg wpfav wpfa&;edk;&if ndKaxG; rsuf&nfawG usaew,f/ cifcsdK hudkawmh ndKaxG; r&Sufyg1ml;? olrsm; tonf;cJGcJhwJhae&mrSm ndKaxG;&J h tonf;udk &if;cJhwm ndKaxG; tckrS em;vnfw,f? cifcsdKajymovdk r0gvJ &SHK;? udk&ifarmifvJ &SHK;? ndKaxG;vJ &SHK;wJh &SHK;yGJjuD;ygyJ cifcsdK&,f/ aymh...cifcsdK a0a0awmh a*smufaygufwdk;aejyD/ udk&ifarmifqdkwJh iwduvJ pmar;yGJatmif&if a&Smifaewm rymkwf1ml;/ tdrfjyefvmawmh 'DrSm a,mu©rjuD;awGu crnf;cruf awmzdk h pdkif;jyif;aejuav&J h/ om;wdk h orD;wdk hrSm cspfol&nf;pm;r&Sdju&if rd1mpDpOfwm jiif;zkd hroifhyg1ml;wJh? tvum; iwHk; udk&ifarmif? ndKaxG;udkvJ pGHatmif rydk;edkif1ml;? a0a0uvJ csmvdkufwm? ajcmufeSpfvHk;vHk; ausmif;aejyD; &nf;pm;xm;zkd h arhvmcJhw,f? &nf;pm;r&Sdwdkif; olwdk h ay;pm;wm ,l&rSmvm; cifcsdK&m? vljuD;awGu w&m;jyvdk hvJ r&1ml;? ynmay;vdk h vJ r&1ml;/ ckcsdefawmh 'o*D&dvmcdk;vJ a0a0awmh vdkufajy;rSmyJ? tymkwf pdwfnpfwm/ cifcsdK- cspfjcif; arwåmqdkwm vkyf,lvdk hr&1ml;qdkwm vljuD;awGu em;rvnfju1ml;Asm? ]twwfoifap? ay;a0eSD;&if;? xdrf;jrm;jcif;vSsif? 0wfig;tif} qdkwJh rd1m0wfawGGudk &GwfjyD; wGifwGifjuD; em;csjuwmyJAsm/ a0a0hcrsmvJ &SHK hrJhaewmyJAsm? ndKaxG;udk &atmif rydk;cJh&aumif;vm;vdk h ae hpOfeJ htrSs &efaxmifaewmyJ/ ndKaxG;udkyJ owd&aew,fAsm? oluawmh aysmfaerSmayghaemf? uGsefawmfeJ ha0;&m a&mufjyD; rawG h rjrif& awmh1ml; qdkawmh pdwfcsrf;omr,f xifyg&J h/ ndKaxG;? a0a0eSifh udk&ifarmifqDrS pmoHk;apmifonf cifcsdKqDodk ha&S hqifhaemufqifh a&mufvmju onf/ olwdk hpmrsm;udk zwf&if; cifcsdK hacgif;xJwGif qla0aeonf/ pmar;yGJatmifpm&if; xGufaomtcg tm;vHk;avSsmavSsm&SL&SLyif atmifjrifjuonf/ tdrfjyefa&mufjyD; twdk;csZdrf,laeojzifh oli,fcsif;rsm;eSifh tquftoG,f rvkyfrdcJhacs/ ausmif;pmoifcef;udka&m? ausmif;ywf0ef;usifudkyg acwåarhxm;jyD; tdyf&m wGifom arsmaerdonf/ pmoHk;apmifonf cifcsdK hudk jyóemxJodk hqGJac:vdkufonf/ zwfvufp 0w¬Krsm; udk a1m;csjyD; ai;idkifaerdonf/
  • 104. rpE´m 103 ]r0gwdk hvJ &SHK;w,f? udk&ifarmifvJ &SHK;w,f? ndKaxG;vJ &SHK;w,f? tm;vHk;&SHK;juwJh &SHK;yGJjuD;ygyJ cifcsdK&,f} ymlaom ndKaxG; toHudk jum;a,mifvmaomtcg cifcsdKonf pGef hpm;rSKwpfckudk jyKvdkufrd onf/ ndKaxG;qDudk pmjyefrnfymk pOf;pm;ae&mrS azmifwdeftzHk;ukd ydwfvdkufrdonf/ a0a0eSifh udk&ifarmif wkd h pmeSpfapmifudk jyefacgufum pmtdwfxJ twljyefxnfhum ndKaxG; vdyfpmwyfjyD; ydk hvdkufonf/ ndKaxG;pmudkrl udk&ifarmifhqDodk hydk hay;vdkufonf/ rSm;rvm; rSefrvm;awmh cifcdsK &J&Jyif rawG;0Hhacs/ rSm;vSsif tukefvHk; tvl;tvJ cHju&rnf jzpf/ cifcsdKvnf; w&m;cHvHk;vHk; jzpfoGm;rnf jzpfonf/ rSefvSsifrl tm;vHk; aysmfju? &Tifju? &,farmju&ayrnf/ cifcsdKonfvnf; aus;Zl;&Sif1m0odk hae hcsif; ncsif; ul;ajymif;oGm;rnf jzpfonf/ rnfolurSs aus;Zl;rwif1mJ arhxm;vdkuvnf; arhxm;edkifygonf/ olwkd hwawG Zmwfodrf;aumif;vSsif cifcsdK auseyfygjyD/ Zmwfodrf;raumif;1mJ 1mDvl;uawG xGufukefyguvnf; cifcsdKwpfoufvHk; pdwfaumif; ekdifawmhrnf rymkwfygacs/ ]rdcsddKa&? vmjunfhprf;? oufwef hjuD; oufwef hjuD;} cifcsdKtpfudkonff tdrfa&S hjcHxJrS atmfac:aeonf/ rdk;&GmjyD;prdk htdrfa&S hu ajreDvrf;av; onf odyfodyfonf;onf; jzpfum ajroif;eH hjudkifaeonf/ rdk;ukwfpuf0kdif; wpfzufqDrS ay:xGufvmaom oufwef heSpfckonf wjznf;jznf; jrifhwufvmum tv,fwGif pkqHk&ef t&Sdef,laeavonf/ junfh&if; junfh&if; wjznf;jznf; xif&Sm;vmum aumif;uif v,fwGif qufrdoGm;aom oufwef hauG;auG; juD;onf junfhrjiD;ekdifatmif vSyaeonf/ oufwef haemufcHxm;jyD; azG;azG;jzLaeaom AdsKif;wpftkyfonf jrpfjyifus,f1mufodk h ysHoGm;ju onf/ AdsKif;rsm;udk wpfaumifeSpfaumif ponfjzifh tjrefvdkufí a&wGufjunfhonf/ ajcaxmufjuD;rsm; qef hum v,fuGif;1mufodk hwpfcsdK hwpf0uf qif;oufukefjuojzifh ra&rwGuf edkifawmh1mJ a&maxG;ukef avonf/ ]rdcsdK 1mGJ h,l&if qHxHk;eJ h,lrSmvm;? OD;xkyfaqmif;rSmvm;} tpfudkvwfonf tquftpyfr&Sd1mJ ar;avonf/ 1mGJ h,lcgeD; rdef;uav;wdkif; qHxHk;eSifh OD;xkyf jyóemay:wwfonfhtwGuf ol hnDr ykcsmcsm uav;vnf; qHxHk;xHk;rvm;? OD;xkyfaqmif;rvm; odcsif ymef wlonf/ ]csddK hrsufeSmu qHxHk;eJ hrvdkuf1ml;} ]1m,folajymwHk;} ]xifwmyJav} ]ymm; ymm; OD;xkyfaqmif;awmh ausmufoifykef;av; tjym;vdkuf &Gufxm;wmeJ hwlrSm? 0wf&HkjuD; uvJ aemufzufrSm tdwfjuD;eJ h? uav;wpfa,muf xnfhvG,fvdk h&w,f ymm; ymm; ymm;} rcHcsd rcHomjzpfaeaom cifcsdK hudk junfh&if; ymufymufyufyuf &,faeavonf/ * * *
  • 105. *sDa[mol 104 (27) ]ymm; rd&m eift&yfykykav;eJ hOD;xkyfaqmif;awmh ajrjuD;xJ 0yfqif;oGm;rSmaygh? ymm; ymm; tdrfrSm 1mmawG pm;vmovJ ymm? 0vdkufwm vHk;vdk h} axG;axG;onf rdudk junfhjyD; w0g;0g; &,faeonf/ wpfa,mufeSifh wpfa,muf 0rf;omtm;& atmfju? ac:jueSifh 1mGJ heSif;o1mifcef;rjuD;a&S hwGif qlnHaeonf/ 1mGJ hr,lrD wpf&ufwGif cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; tprf;avhhusihf&ef vmju&onf/ oHk;av;v uGJuGm aeaom oli,fcsif;rsm; jyefvnfpkqHk&ojzifh jyHK;&Tif &,farmoHrsm; eSKufqufoHrsm;eSifh qlnHaeavonf/ ]ymm; rdaxG;axG;uvJ a'gufzdeyfjuD;pD;vdk h} a'gufzdeyfpD;xm;aom axG;axG;udk junfhjyD; rduvnf; &,faeonf/ rnfol hudkjunfhvdkuf junfhvdkuf rdwfaymmif; aqGaymmif;rsm;rdk hcifcsdKawmh &ifxJwGif aEG;aeonf/ rrcifonf tvkyfr&ao; onfhtwGuf jiD;aeonf/ r0geSihf rdurl wpfa,mufjrdK hudk wpfa,mufwpfvJpD vdkufvnfaejuonfymk qkdonf/ cyfvSrf;vSrf;wGif Apfwmudk rsufrSefjuD;w0if;0if;eSifh awG h&onf/ Apfwmha1m;wGif 'o*D&dudk vnf; uifr&mjuD; vG,fvsufom; awG h&onf/ wkdufyHkteufeSifh xl;xl;jcm;jcm; £ajE´&aeonf/ jrefrmqefqefeSifh junfhaumif;aeonf/ ]aym; aus;Zl;&SifjuD;a&} a0a0onf oa1mFmr,fZvDyifjuD;atmufwGif &yfvsuf ai;aeaom cifcdsK hcg;udk zufvdkufonf/ a&arT;roHk;pzl; oHk;xm;ymef &Sdaom a0a0hqDrS a&arT;eH hoif;ysH hysH hav;udk &SL&dSKuf&onf/ yg;eDudk rodromav; qdk;xm;onfukd cifcsdK owdjyKrdonf/ yef;&ifha&mif eSKwfcrf;qdk;aq; qdk;xm;aom a0a0heSKwfcrf;av;rsm;onf wif;jyD; ekpdkaeonf/ a0a0hrsufeSmav;onf ,ckrS yGifhvmaom yef;uav;vdk ekysdKvSyvSavonf/ ]tHr,f tHrav; rda0a0 vlawG 1mmawGudk rSm;vdk h? ihg oli,fcsif; w,fvS w,facsm} r0gonf a0a0hudk junfhum atmfavawmhonf/ a0a0onf tvSomjyifxm;aomfvnf; ol h udk,fydkifrsufeSm &,fusJusJav;udkrl razsmufedkif&Smacs/ acgif;udk ukwf&if; raewwfovdk tymJceJ &,foGrf;aoG;avonf/ ]tqifajyw,f cifcsdKa& odvm;? 'Dwpfcgawmh udk&ifarmifuvJ ajcoGufvmjyD;? ndKaxG;uvJ odyfrrlawmh1ml; xifw,f}
  • 106. rpE´m 105 cef;raqmifxJ wef;pD0ifvmju&if; a0a0onf cifcsdK hem;uyfum uref;uwef; ajymoGm;onf/ tptqHk; ar;csifaomfvnf; wpfa,mufwpfae&mpD xdkifae&onfrdk h rar;ekdif rajymedkif? cifcsdKvnf; zef h wief hief hjzpfae&onf/ udk&ifarmifa&m ndKaxG;yg tprf;avhusifhyGJodk hrvmjuacs/ ta0;a&muf1mGJ hrsm; ,ljuavrnfvm; ymk cifcsdKpdwfylrdao;onf/ olwkd hrsufvTmrsm;udk cifcsdKtuJcwfcsifonf/ jrifcsifonf/ awG hcsifonf/ tm;&yg;& pum;ajymcsifao;onf/ odk haomfvnf; olwdk hudk acgif;xJwGif jumjumxnfhrxm;edkifacs/ udk,fudk,fwkdif 1mGJ h,lzdk h jyif&if; qif&if; arh&jyefavonf/ cifcsdK hudk azazu jrefrmqefqef qHxHk;xHk;apcsifavonf/ qHxkH;xHk;ívSvSsif udpör&Sd? rvSryeSifhfqdkvSsif xl;xl;jcm;jcm; jznf;pyfpyfeSifh vlysufxGufovdk jzpfaernfudk pdk;&drfaomajumifh jzpf/ 0wf&HkjuD; 0wfvdkufjyefaomtcg wu,fhudk &Snfzm;zm;eSifh 0efjuD;u u&awmhrvkd jzpfaeonf/ jcHKvTmuvnf; uav;wpfaumifxnfhí &aom ausmydk;tdwfjuD; ygonfrSm trSefyif/ OD;xkyfaqmif; vdkufaomtcg cifcsdKwu,fyif idkcsifpdwfaygufoGm;onf/ ausmufoifykef;juD; tjym;vdkuf &Gufxm;onf eSifh wu,fyif wlaeaomajumifh jzpfonf/ udk,fhudkudk,f udk,fvHk;ay:rSefxJwGif junfh&if; yGJxJrS 0efjuD;ysuf ausmufoifykef;&Gufxm;onfudk jrifa,mifaeavawmh rnfolonf pdwfcsrf;omedkifygtHh enf;/ ae hv,fcif; ylylavmifavmiftcsdefwGif 0wf&HkjuD; wzm;zm;eSifh OD;xkyfpGyfxm;&ojzifh acGs;jydKufjydKuf usaeonf/ ]aymm cifcsdK cifcsdK} 1mGJ heSif;o1mif cef;ra&S hodk hta&mufwGif a0a0eSifh armfarmfwdk hudk awG h&onf/ eSpfa,mufwGJ "mwfyHk&dkufae&mrS cifcsdKudk qDD;jyd; ac:juavonf/ olwdk hvnf; rxl;/ ausmufoifykef;av;awG aqmif;xm;aom 0efjuD;ysufuav;rsm;eSifh wlonfom jzpfonf/ olwdk hudk junfh&if; cifcsdK twefi,f pdwfcsrf;omoGm;avonf/ ]'dk hausmif;a&S hrSmom "mwfyHk&dkuf&&if odyfaumif;rSm} a0a0u rausreyf ajymonf/ ,cifeSpfu 1mGJ h,lolrsm;onf pufrSKwuúodkvf jrufcif;jyifwGifom tcrf;tem;eSifh ,lju&avonf/ cifcsdKwdk htm;vHk; udk,fhausmif;wGifyif jyefvnfjyD; 1mGJ heSif;o1mifwuf vdkaom qE´ &Sdjuonf/ odk haomfvnf; ,ckeSpfrS pjyD; 1mGJ heSif;o1mifcrf;rwGifom 1mGJ h,lju&rnfqdkawmh cifcsdK wdk hvnf; 1mmrSs rwwfekdifju&Smay/ ]a0a0awmh vHkcsnfuGswfusrSm odyfajumufaew,f? pifjrifhay:rSm acsmfvJ&ifvJ tcufaem} a0a0onf olpdk;&drfaeonfudk rsufvHk;av; tjyL;om;eSifh ajymavonf/ olajymrSyif cifcsdKonf 0wfxm;aom vHkcsnfyif acsmifcsdcsd jzpfaeovdk r0Hhr&J jzpfvmonf/ 0wf&Hkrnf;juD;atmufrS vHkcsnfudk jyifjyD; 0wf&efvnf; rvG,fulvSay/
  • 107. *sDa[mol 106 ]'D0wf&Hkav; cPiSm;wm oHk;q,fawmif ay;&w,f? armfarmfawmh jyefrtyfcif 0wfypfOD;r,f? 'grS wefrSm} armfarmfurl &Gwfwd&Gwfxkd;ajymaeao;onf/ vkyfrnfqdkvSsif tajymeSifh rjyD;? wu,fvkyfcsif vkyfrnfh uav;rav; jzpfavonf/ ]aymm ymdkrSm udk&ifarmif&J htar? ol ha1m;u a0a0wkd htarav? vmvm cifcsdK? a0a0wkd h awG "mwfyHktwlwl &dkufju&atmif} udk&ifarmiftaronf udk&ifarmifuJhodk hyif rsufeSmoG,fjyD; rsufcHk;xlavonf/ 0wf&Hkrnf;rnf; juD;awG wum;um;eSifh wvTm;vTm; ysm;yef;cwfaejuaom ausmif;olausmif;om;rsm;udk wjyHK;jyHK;eSifh vdkufjunfhaeonf/ "mwfyHk1m,feSpfyHk&dkufrdvJyif cifcsdK owdrxm;rd/ 1mGJ heSif;o1mifcrf;rxJwGif xdkifrdaomtcg acGs;jzKdifjzdKif usaeonfudk om odawmhonf/ ]vHkcsnfuGswfusrSm odyfajumufaew,f? pifjrifhay:rSm acsmfvJ&ifvJ tcufaem} 1mGJ h,lrnhfoltm;vHk; rwfwyf&yfjyD; wdkif;jynftusdK; o,fydk;aqmif&Guf&ef? t*wdrvdkufpm;&ef uwdopöm cH,lae&csdefwGif a0a0ajymaom pum;udk jzwfceJ owd&jyD; acgif;juD;oGm;onf/ ajymr,Hk juHkzl;rS odrnf/ cifcsdKtrnfudk q&mu ajunmvdkufjyD; ygarmu©a&S hodk h avSsmufoGm; aomtcsdefwGif cifcsdKrsufvHk;rsm; jyma0aeonf/ acsmifcsdcsd vHkcsnfudkom pdwfa&mufaeonf/ acsmfvJrSm ajumufaompdwfeSifh ajcvSrf;udkvnf; 1m,fvdkvSrf;rdonfyif rodacs/ ygarmu©a&S hwGif&yfjyD;1mGJ hvufrSwf ,lcsdefwGif jyHK;rdav ovm;? &,frdavovm;? acgif;yifiHk hrS iHk hrdav&J hvm;udk,fhudkudk,f1mmrS owdrxm; rdacs/ ajcmufeSpfwdkifwkdif wyifwyef; qnf;yl;cJh&aom ynmtxdrf;trSwftjzpf 1mGJ hvufrSwfudk &,l csdef0,f *kPf,l0ifhjuGm;aom yDwdtpm; acsmfvJrSm ajumufaom pdwfom wpfudk,fvHk; teSH hysH haeonfymk odavvSsif orD;acsmudk vufckyfvuf0g;wD;um tm;ay;aeaom rd1meSpfyg;crsm tawmfyif pdwfnpfoGm; &Smayvdrfhrnf/ ]aymm ymdkrSm ndKaxG;} ndKaxG;udk ckrSyif cifcsdK jrif&awmhonf/ qHxHk;jrifhjrifhxHk;jyD; oZifyef;rsm; a0aeatmif yefxm;aom ndKaxG;onf cifcsdK hudk yg;csdKifhav;ay:atmif jyHK;&if; vSrf;junfhaeonf/ wpfOD;eSifhwpfOD; tvSrf;a0;aomajumifh pum;vSrf;ajymí r&acs/ &D&Tifaeaom rsufvHk;ndKav;rsm;udk awG h&ojzifh cifcsdK h &ifxJwGif vef;qef;oGm;onfum; trSefyif/ w&m;oljuD;onf atmifjrifpGm 'g&dkufwmvkyfekdifonfymk ajym&rnf xifonf/ udk&ifarmif 1mGJ h ,lcsdefwGif jyHK;&TifpGm vufckyfwD;aeaom ndKaxG;udk cifcsdKorifvnfjyefvSnfhjunfh&if; &,frdonf/ Zmwfvrf;tao;pdwfudkawmh cifcsdKrodao;? odk haomfvnf; vSyaomZmwftdrfudkum; wnfaqmufrdjyDymk taotcsm ajym&Jonf/ 'Dwpfcg Zmwfvrf;wGifawmh a0a0vnf; edkifonf/ udk&ifarmifvnf; edkifonf/ ndKaxG;vnf; edkifonf? tm;vHk;ekdifjuonfh ekdifyGJymk ajym&ayrnf/ ]1m,fvdkvJ 1m,fvdkvJ olwdk hawG ajyvnfoGm;jujyDvm;}
  • 108. rpE´m 107 axG;axG;onf cyfwdk;wdk;ar;aeonf/ 1mmrS em;rvnfedkif1mJ rsufpdvnfaeyHk &avonf/ ]at; at;aygh? olwdk hawG ajyvnfoGm;jyD] cifcsdKonf aysmf&TifpGm ajymvdkufrdonf/owif;tjzef haumif;vSacsonfymkndKaxG;u tjypfwifcsif vSsifvnf; wifayawmh/ wwfedkifvSsif armif;w'l'l xkíyif 0rf;omtm;& atmfvkdufcsifao;onf/ tm;vHk;1mGJ h,ljyD;íygarmu©csKyfrdef hcGef;tjyD;wGif1mGJ heSif;o1miftcrf;tem;udk&kyfodrf;ajumif; armfuGef;xdef; uajunmavonf/ jidrfhajimif;om,maom qdkif;oHeSifhtwl ygarmu©csKyftrSL;jyKaom q&mrsm;onf pifjrifhay:rS jznf;nif;pGm qif;vmjuonf/ Aymdkvrf;rjuD;rS avSsmufoGm;aom q&mrsm;aemufwGif 1mGJ h ,ljyD; ausmif;ol ausmif;om;rsm; eSpfa,mufwpfwGJ ,SOfwGJum pDwef;xGufcGmvmju&avonf/ wdkufwdkufqdkifqdkif ndKaxG;eSifh ,SOfvsuf usolum; udk&ifarmifjzpfonf/ ]ymm; zlpm1mufrSefw,f? w,fnDwJhtwGJ} cifcsdKeSifhwGJxGuf&aom a0a0onf wdk;wkkd;av; ajymonf/ ndKaxG;rsufeSmav;onf &SufaoG;eSifh eD&Jaeavonf/ cifcsdK h&ifxJwGif wodrfhodrfh jzpfaeonf/ olwdk heSpfOD; &Da0a0 rsufvHk;av;rsm; aysmf&TifpGmeSifh ta&mifawmufvmjcif;onf cifcsdK htwGuf wefzdk;rjzwfedkifaom &vm'fyif jzpfonf/ toufjuD; vmaomtydkif;wGif opfyif&dyfwGif at;aq;pGmxdkif&if; i,f1m0udk jyefvnfawG;awm&wwfavonf/ *sDaymmu oli,fcsif;rsm;tajumif;udkvnf; rsufpdrSKef0g;0g; em;av;av; tzGm;juD;cifcsdKonf wpfcgwpf&H jyefvnfawG;awmum wrf;wrdrnfom jzpfonf/ rmerD;avmifcJhaom ndKaxG;tajumif; awG;rdvSsifum; jyHK;ekdifjyD jzpfonf/ tpraumif;aomfvnf; taeSmif;wGifawmh Zmwfaygif;cef;rdk hrvGrf; raqG; jyHK;&,fekdifvdrfhrnf xifonf/ ]aymh cifcsdK aeOD;? cPav; cPav;} tdrfjyef&ef um;ay:twufwGif udk&ifarmifonf cifcsdK hvufxJodk hpm&Gufvdyfuav; wpfck vmxnfhavonf/ rvSrf;rurf;wGif &SufjyHK;av; jyHK;um &yfaeaom ndKaxG;udk awG h&onf/ ]tdrfusrS zwfjunfh} ymk wD;wdk;ajymvdkufaomfvnf; cifcsdKonf tdrfxdatmif rapmifhedkifí um;ay:wGifyif zGifhjyD; zwfrdonf/ cifcsdKa&- trsm;juD; aus;Zl;wifygw,f/ armif&ifarmif - rr,fr rpE´m

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