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Series 34 G -Satya Prakash -History of Pirana Satpanth Guj


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Satya Prakash - A comprehensive yet brief book, in Gujarati language, on history of Pirana Satpanth

Satya Prakash - A comprehensive yet brief book, in Gujarati language, on history of Pirana Satpanth

Published in: Spiritual, Lifestyle
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  • Hello Satya Prakash, I have been looking for documents and text to find out about my roots, please connect with me on facebook Zahra Patel and email Zahra I would love to engage in friendly dialouge. It's amazing you published this, I am so glad you did all this research, thank you so much!

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  • 5. 8 T diXS Jp 5 d d5S j BVa^h eh^hK ^ ^ K D, ^ , ^ K ^ ?D dhIh d5S 7Wp Uµ aj 8 h dWhSW V½ hN° iW ahT½ dpahWj SjS h Tj _sDsWj Es [^h: 8ap Jp kdSX5T V½Wj K S XDP SsPŽWp ìhiSWp dWhSW V½ S^Y ah`ahWj ^RWjiS 8XWh^ 8K ehW d5S Jp 8XRs dhK 8 ehW d5SWs dUh]hN° =Rj ^ebp Rp 8XRj ìhiSWh dpah hN° K 8 ehW d5SWs K _jVs eSs
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  • 7. 8 k dhK Vh^D j Wh^h]R ^h _ ZhRj ^ ^ ^ E Z d ^ , , ?D ehW l ^Ub˜ SpK ehW dhK 7Wp V½ dpaDSpWh 7ThF ] WsWh Dh^RpK 8XRWp 8XRs ehW dWhSW V½ 7Wp ìhiSWh 9iSehdWj SjiS T: ìhiSh5 VhiD dhh‰KD 7Wp 8T˜D h5iS _haahah`h Xe°_h5 7 Rj
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  • 9. aj^ ìhiS dpaD j ^SWbj[h: Ej [h: EpShRj s ^ ^ Z d ^ ^ , Z d ^ dhK 7Wp ìhiS hN° XsSh k 5 aW 7Wp i_DSsWs [sF 8Xahah`h ?D dhIh 7T½h5 diXS 7Wp ehW ]Š S XsShh5 D½ h^h ìhiS dY`Sh la½D dWhSW ˆe„ k V½Ws FjDh^ D^Ž 7Wp XsShWh la½KsWh l` d bD° Sp k 5 ik Wi S D^Wh^ eh [ha k 8X Wh esS Ss D°UhI 8 8XRp d k dSX5T V½ Xh`Sh esS
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  • 11. d] Dhb :hbheŽ Xj^hRh dSX5TWs 9iSehd Sh y€ p zxyy 8 mi y ^ W, W ^ / D
  • 12. Z W Z W D E ^ W , W ^ / Z D Wd d / hd/KE d ^ d
  • 13. Preface ° ð ° ð ° . È ° ì . ì ì .Everybody, at some point of time would be curious about one’s past and of his ancestors. Inschool we only learn about history of our Country and Society in general. Hence, myknowledge about the history of our community was limited to the knowledge I got fromacademics. ì , Ž ì , ð ° . , ° ì , ½ ½ , ° , ± , , ½ Ž ½ ½ . Ž ° Ž ° . ° , ½ Ž ,ˆ „ .  ½ ‡ .Our Community, Shri Kachchh Kadva Patidar Community, had never understood theimportance of educating its members about the true history. From the time I grew, the onlything I heard was that our Community, originally followers of Santan Religion (Hinduism),used to follow Satpanth religion, a nizari shia muslim sect, also known as ImamShahiSatpanth or Pirana Satapanth, advocated by a muslim, Imam Shah Bawa, who came fromIran. And of-late re-embraced Hindu religion few decades ago. The level of generalknowledge about religious history, amongst the masses, was astonishingly so poor, thatthere was no known source to know about the true history.
  • 14. ° ì . , ì , . ˆ . ì . ° Ž ½ , , Ž Ž ° . ° ë ° . ½ ° ½ ½ ° . ˆ ° ° . ° ì , ½ .I always felt that the words ‘Community’ and ‘Society’ were one and the same and usedinterchangeably. On the other hand I used to hear about Sanatan Samaj and SatpanthSamaj (both separate societies) within our community. But I never bothered to put enoughefforts to understand the intricacies of the words ‘Community’ and ‘Society’. On the otherhand, I started noticing the cries in our society about the systematic atrocities caused bypeople from Satpanth Samaj. Literally every village, in Kachchh, was victim of the verysystematic atrocities (planned in a way that the victim gets entangled in false police andcourt cases) caused with the aim to create an environment of fear amongst the people whowork and speak for the interests of the Sanatan (Hindu) Religion. These cries becamelouder and louder. To my great dismay, I learnt that our community was not united and ithas two societies, the other being Satpanth Samaj, following the religion preached by ImamShah called Satpanth. , ‡ Ž , ½ ½ ½ ˆ . . .  ° ½ .
  • 15. Of-late, during the eve of 50th anniversary of the constitution of our Samaj (society), ShriAkhil Bharatiya Kachchh Kadva Patidar Samaj, (“ABKKPS”) the number of instances ofatrocities caused by people from Satpanth Samaj, increased dramatically. The pain causedby these atrocities was so high that it touched the nerves of common people. The feelingsof ordinary people were hurt. There was tremendous uproar amongst the ordinary peopleagainst Satpanth. My curiosity to know religious history increased and thus lead me to doresearch on Satpanth to understand its basis, fundamentals, principals and values. ° Ž ° , ,“ ˆ ” ° , ° , ° °. ˆ , , , , ˆ „ ½ Ž Ž ½ . ½ ,  , ½ ° . ˆ . ° . ° ° ° , ì ˆ ° , ˆ „ ½ , . ‰ ˜ ½ Ž . ì ½ , ˆ .ì  ° ° ½ . ± . ° ½ Š , Ž ° .I was shocked to learn that Pirana Satpanth uses the most dreaded and effective weaponof Islam, the Taqiyaa, to confuse, divide, conceal and to fool people to make them believethat Satpanth is a Hindu sect. Satpanth also advocates paying tithe (“Dasond”), (10% ofannual income) to its religious heads. Nobody has right to question the use of this money.Naturally more the number of followers, the greater would be the share of moneyreceived each year, by its leaders/preachers. The ulterior motive came out very clear and
  • 16. that was to save its dwindling number of followers from drifting away from PiranaSatpanth, by bringing in new followers from our Community, by fooling them to believethat Satpanth is a Hindu sect. This would not only give social security, but also financialsecurity. The use of Taqiyaa was very successful mainly because very large portion of ourcommunity was ignorant about its religious history and registration of new (formal)Samaj called Akhil Bharatiya Kachchh Kadva Patidar Samaj, in 1960, by the people whoquit Satpanth and embraced Sanatan Dharm. A point worth noting here is that areenough documents suggesting that informal Samaj was already in existence way backduring late 1930s and early 1940s, which was later on given a legal format, in 1960. , , ° ½ ° ‡ „ , . ˆ , ½ °, . Ž, Š Ž . .This is the point, where several likeminded people, whose hearts burnt for the cause andinterest of Sanatan (Hindu) religion, came together and started raising voices, as a jointeffort, against the atrocities caused by Satpanthis. Atrocities were part of Taqiyaa exercised,so that people do not raise questions about its Islamic connection. I personally was deeplydisturbed upon learning the modus operandi and objective of the people behind theseatrocities. These are the people who are solely responsible to disturb the peace andharmony of our Samaj. Ž ½ ˆ ° . . Ž ° Ž . Ž ° , ° , Š , ° . ° ˆ ° Ž Ž. .
  • 17. ½ ½ ½ Ž Ž ° ° ° Ž . Š ½ ˆ ° ½ ½ ¿ ½ .Within our Samaj, supporting the cause of Sanatan religion meant working against theinterest of Satpanthis. That means inviting trouble from people of Satpanth Samaj. I wastaken aback by this hard reality and felt like shying away by finding some good excuse likelack of time, somebody else would do, why me… etc. But, I always had a burning desire todo something for the interests of ordinary people. For days together, my thoughts neverallowed me rest in peace. Taking clue from the bad experiences of other Sanatan Dharmworkers, I wanted to shield myself from the systematic atrocities caused by use of falsepolice and court cases. Also, being an ordinary person of the Samaj and having no backingof leaders of ABKKPS, I felt it would be utter foolish and suicidal to come out openly insupport of Sanatan religion. Š Ž ° . Ž Ž ½ ˆ ° ° . . “Real Patidar” (“ Ž Ž ”) Ž , Ž , . ¿ ° Ž ° . ¿ Ž ° ‡ . ° , °, .Amongst these circumstances, I found an idea that was most suitable for me. I felt thatthere was an opportunity, whereby I could work for the interests of Sanatan Dharm and atthe same time need not reveal my true identity. The idea was to use the internet to thebest possible extent. I created an online identity using pen name called “Real Patidar” andstarted educating people of our Samaj about the true facts and its history, by way ofsending emails. My initial email id was, but later on as the load ofemails increased, I switched to This turned out to be most ideal and
  • 18. suitable solution as I could sit from my home, work voluntarily, and keep the members ofour Samaj, updated and educated, about the happenings and history of our Samaj and itsreligion. Ž ¿ ˆ ì ½ . ¿ ˆ Ž . ¿ ° ° ½ . . ( ¿ , °. ° ½ . “ Ž Ž ” Ž ° . ° Ž Ž .Toying with the idea, I started sending educative emails and in process started researchingon the community’s religion and its history. The outcome of my research work formed theemails giving full particulars of information and its basis. Slowly my work got noticed andalso appreciated. Many people started supporting and joining me. Later I created a group( on internet where ordinary people could also contribute.The magnitude of public participation went up so high that it became a people’s movement.I call this movement as “Real Patidar Movement”. Today thousands of people eagerly waitfor the emails from Real Patidar and its online group. . ° ° ½ , , ì ° Ž ° . ° ° Ž Š . ° ˆ ° , . - - , ½ ( ° ˆ ) Ž . .
  • 19. ° . ïŽ ¿ Ž ë .From the people’s response to the emails, two things became apparent. Firstly, that though peopleof our Samaj were aware that Satpanth was a Muslim religion, they were ignorant about its roots,how were the people of our community deceived etc. Secondly, on occasions when there was needto explain to the people outside our community about the facts of Satpanth, there was no singlebook which presented in a systematic way with solid documentary proofs. Hence some days back on20-Apr-2011, I created a presentation (which could be run on a computer or in a video player). Theresponse to the presentation was overwhelming and beyond all expectations. The response was sogood that people started demanding a presentation in a book format. Hence I have created a bookwhich contains the slides of the presentation and am presenting it before you. , ° Š Ž ° , ½, ° ½ ½ . ˆ ° ½ ° . ° ½ Ž Ž Ž “ Ž Ž ” Ž ° Ž .I sincerely thank all people (without naming anybody) for participating in the online group,giving suggestions, forwarding research material and supporting this noble cause for thebenefit of the ordinary people of our Samaj. Without the help and support of people fromthe ground, this movement would not have been so successful and would not have beeneligible to be called a “Real Patidar Movement”. ° ± Ž , ˆ . ° Ž ð . ° Ž , . . , ° °, , ë , . ½ Ž ° ½ ° ,
  • 20. ° . Ž ° ½ .I am personally extremely happy that my long and hard efforts have been fruitful in guiding,inspiring and instrumenting by the people and the leaders of the Samaj to take the steps inright direction. Also I am equally happy to note that I have been successfully able to makeuse of latest technology, the information technology, for the benefit of the ordinary peopleof our Samaj. Many people who were completely computer illiterate, started following theemails. Some of them actually learnt and started sending emails. Many such benefits willcome to light in due course. Surely, the benefit of this movement is multifold, with a hugepotential ahead. I am confident of getting more and more support and encouragement forthis noble cause. Equally I am confident that many more people will join the movement andreap its benefits. °... ½ . ½ .Concluding, we should not forget that…. the struggle is not over. The struggle is ON and it’sa long way ahead.|| ½ || || |||| Jay Sanatan Dharm || || Jay Laxminarayan Bhagwan || - - 18-May-2011 Ž Ž Real : Series 33 from the presentation: Series 33 from
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  • 31. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ :h bheWj liDh Z :h bhe [h^S XhJh a ]h 7Wp kW K^hS S^Y ^ahWh T]h Z :h bhe 7UhahUWj Zh k h5 Fj^hTh FhWh Zeh^ Xj^hRhh5 S_Z Xj^ Dh k 8Wh 8ajWp Th]j T]h 8 K ]hWp :h ^h :h l^Ž XR De°ahh5 8ap Jp Z [h^S 8ajWp SpWh iXSh 7Wp UhUh k 5 7 l 5k ^e° k5 Dh 8F` aVh^ah k 5 Ih k ^h k5 Z I Dhˆ^D bŠ SWj UUTj GRh eŽ k BWp dSX5T V½ S^Y aN_ha ]h Z ~{ ac½Wj ;^h5 SpB k K^Ž F]h 7Wp SpWp Xj^hRhWj U^Fheh5 UYW D^ahh5 8 ]h Jp k k Z SpWj FhUŽWh ; ^hiVDh^Ž S^ŽD° SpWh UŽD^h ^ e U bheWp Wjahh5 8ap_ Jp k SpWh Wh 8F` ^ b U ? Ubh½ap Jp D° Xj^hRh X5TjB Xj^hRh dSX5TjB hN° SpB :h eSh Ih^ X iS sXF5Ph3URSDJDQGD
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  • 37. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ sXF5Ph ²ia WsWs ;Xh] W Z ]Š SFS V½ Xˆ^aS½W 7Wp dh ˆk eD V½ Xˆ^aS½WWh Dh^Rp V½ Xˆ^aS½W D^Wh^Wh m Œ N? Z k sNs Y^D XP° Jp dh ˆk eD V½ Xˆ^aS½WTj _sDsWp ik aVh ^e° Jp SpK d5FSWj 7d^ [haWh Dh^Rp V½ Xˆ^aS½W de° 5k T: ] Jp Z dh ˆk eD ^ŽSp V½ Xˆ^aS½W T: bD° Sp hN° SpWh V½Wh d5SsWj I Dhˆ^D ahSh½B De°ahh5 8ap Tj SpWj 7_tˆDD bŠ SWj ahSsh5 _sDs d5D`h: ] Z 8aj ^ŽSp Wah 7 ]h]j XsShWh 7RFs 7Wp ia^sV JsPŽWp S^SK k5 dSX5T V½Ws ?D diW O 7Wp k S 7 ]h]j ZWj ] 7Wp V½ k Ih^DWj ahSs Xh`ah Sq]h^ T: ] sXF5Ph ²ia WsWs ;Xh] Z W 7_tˆDD bŠ S 7Wp X^IhB ah`Ž ahSh½BWj UUTj Wah 7 ]h]jBk K_UŽTj Was V½ 7XWhaj _p 7Wp XsShWh 7RFs 7Wp b5DhB JsPŽ U° Spaj ]a Th D^ahh5 8aj Jp k k Z 9 _hWp Jp _s F ?N_p D‡_ FWs V½ S^ŽD° _sDs dë k DahWs ]W D^ahh5 8ap Jp Z ˆe„ k V½Wh id h5SsWp 9 _hh5 [p`aahWh sXF5Ph id h5S KZ Xe°_s k :h 7_j Sh‡_Z Wp [FahW ia Ws Uds 7aSh^ S^ŽD° _sDs dë ^ k k D^ahh5 8 ]h Z SpajK ^ŽSp : h:_j d5ZV `ajWp :hWp b 8STj K [FahW 5 k ia Ws 7aSh^ ZShahh5 8 ]s Jp 7Wp SpRp Wh^h]R 7Wp iW D_5DŽ 7aSh^ S^ŽD° Wh 8Xj B`Ehaahh5 8ap Jp Page 11 of
  • 38. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ sXF5Ph ²ia WsWs ;Xh] Z W k ^hWWp 8E^Ž apU 7Ta½ apU S^ŽD° e°^ D^ahh5 8 k5 Jp 7 ] VhiD k SDs 7Wp dhˆe ]sWp ^ D^ahh5 8 ]h Jp Sp k5 e°^ D ¿ k Jp Z Zj Zh k [FahWWh 7aSh^Wj ˆe„ k X^5 X^h Ih k ^hEj Jp Z ahSh½ 8F` aVh^ah ? k5 ZShaahh5 8 k5 Jp D° 7_j Sh‡_Z yxs 7aSh^ Jp ? Ds: dhVh^R VhiD Wh]D WesSs D° 9iSehdh5 FN T9 XsShWh I Dh^ ZShajWp 7W5Sh5 Fh]Z T: F]s Z 7_jWj U° aj bŠ S SpWh5 ; ^hiVDh^Ž :hh5 De°ahSh iW^5 S^ Xp 7aSh^ _jVh ^hEp Jp sXF5Ph ² ˆQahUŽ 9 _h dhTp d5_ W k 5 ;X^ KRhap k5 sXF5PhWh Dh^Rp Was V½ Th ]s Jp ! 8 sXF5Ph ˆQahUŽ 9 _h dhTp D°aj ^ŽSp d5_ W Jp Sp Ks: 5k Page 12 of
  • 39. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ sXF5Ph ² ˆQahUŽ 9 _h dhTp d5_ W 8F` KRhap_ W sXF5Ph d5 lR½ ^ŽSp 9 _hWh id h5Ss dhTp d5_ W Jp Z 8XRp Rj? JŽ? D° 9 _h e5pbh U° aj 7aSh^Wp @iSehidD 7Wp ˆY_sdsˆY u id h5S dhTp KsPŽWp [FahWWj 7aSh^ Vh^R D^ahWj ?DK ˆ ]h Jp Sp k5 hWah k 5 Xd5U D^ k5 8 k 5 Jp Z 8 Z k5 Xe_h 8ˆU hWa ZhZh 8U dhTp b T k 5 Wp [FahWWs ?D ehW XqFZ^ 7Wp Ih^D Jp Sp k5 ZSh k 5 Jp 5 Z ThiWD iaIh^Vh^h 7Wp Xˆ^Š TiS dhTp 7PIR TahWj eh_Sh5 ?ah id h5SWp 8F` D^ahh5 8ap D° Wh hRp ˆe„ k V½Wh U° as 7Wp ehW d5Ss Ss [FahW h^h V½ Ih^ D^ah hN° 8 U° bh5 sD_ahh5 8 ]h Jp Sp k5 ZShaahh5 8ap sXF5Ph ² ˆQahUŽ 9 _h dhTp d5_ W W Z iac]Wp ?D DU 8F` aVh^ah ˆe„ k V½Wh iaDhd I Wh 8E^Ž I^Rh5 9 _hWp FsOap 5k Jp Spas Ih^ D^ahh5 8 ]s Z k ^hW Jp _s 7Wp iWRh½]D apU 7Ta½ apU Jp Sp k5 ZShaah _h ]h Z Wh Dh^Rp 8Fh; T]p_ 7aSh^Wj ;X^aN K:Wp ^ D^Ž Wh ]h 7Wp [FahWWh 7aSh^ I Wp lR½ Tah k5 e°^ D k¿ Z dhIh V½ ?N_p dSX5TWp FN D^ahWj ˆ ]hh5 ?as id h S ^ k D^ahh5 8 ]s D° :dh: ] UŽ ah5 7 ] V½Wj ˆe„ k V½Wp l XR 8 ˆ ]hh5 h^5 ‡[D I^R 7Tah la½Sq]h^Ž Xp ^ k D^ahh5 8 k5 Page 13 of
  • 40. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ sXF5Ph ² ˆQahUŽ 9 _h dhTp d5_ W Z 8 ^ŽSp k 9 _hWj WK^Tj Ks:? Ss 9 _h 7Wp ˆe„ k V½ W a IpWs S^ BJs D^ah hN° : h:_j V½ Ih^Ds? X iS 7XWhap_j eSj Sp 9 _hWh ˆQahUŽ id h5Ss 7Wp iaIh^ Vh^h dhTp ðh5] ND^hSj WTj l Z 5Dh5 sXF5Ph ?aj ^ŽSp Sq]h^ D^ahh5 8 ]s eSs Wh TDŽ ˆe„ k BWh V½Wh l ]s id h5Ss 7Wp 8Ih^iaIh^sWp O D^Ž XsShWh V½ X^ ia hd NŽ ] Z 8 ^ŽSp ˆe„ k BWp 8E^° 9 _h S^Y KSh ^ Sh X^ Ih_Sh D^Ž U° ah d5U[½ W Z : Sj8D kdW k ^°bj k SD ´Vj Šk _ D liWNŽ BY Vj 9 PsXhD q dZD ˆNWN D^hIj SS
  • 41. h5 _pEp Jp D° ´U ShapKsh5 ?ah GRh UhE_hA Ksah `p Jp D° h5 : h:_j V½ Ih^Ds ?D h R D° ˆe„ k ^sˆeS k 5 X 7XWhajWp e°^ ˆe„ k id h5SsWs ia^sV W D^Sh5 ˆe„ k V½Wh k Xh]hWj Vh^RhBWp h ] ^hEj : h:_j h ]ShB X^së 7Wp Xj ^ŽSp k dhPŽWp Vj^° Vj^° V½ Xˆ^aS½W hN° ^ Ss Sq]h^ D] Z d5 lR½ 7Wp d S Xh_WWh 7[haTj 9 q_jB ðh^° ] ‡I„iSS W eSh5 Dh^R D° k SpBWp l^Ž EhS^Ž eSj D° 8E^° 7 ]h]jB V½Wp d5 lR½ ^ŽSp 7XWhaj _pbp K Page 14 of
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  • 44. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Xj^ dU ŽWWj X iS Z W k 9 _h 9W WsT½W :Œ P]h 7_jFQ S
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  • 46. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Xj^ dU ŽWWj X iS I^R ] 7a Th Z Zj I^Rh5 ib ]sWp ?Dh5Sh5 V^h p KX D^ah hN° W k k 5 dS b U 8Xahh5 8ap Jp k Z ib ]sWp R D^ahh5 8ap Jp D° [FahW ia Ws Uds 7aSh^ 7_j Xp 7^Z E5Ph5 K j lðs Jp 7Wp eh_p 9h Wh Xh5 :^hWh5 adp Jp Z 5Dh5 Wah 7 ]h]jB dSX5TWp XsShWj lWj l k hWp l^s XhP k 5 ?D l^D S^ŽD° KsSh5 T: ] Jp se U XpFZ^ 5 7Wp 7_jWp XsShWh la½KsWj X^5 X^h dhTp kdFS d Jp 5 Xj^ dU ŽWWj X iS I^R X^ŽaS½W 7a Th W Z ib ]sWp ]hWh5 _jW D^Ž U° ah X^ [h^ 8Xahh5 8ap Jp Z Sq]h^ XJŽ Wah 7 ]h]jBWp SpWh lWh ^ŽS ˆ^ahKsTj ia E D^ah k 5 Dh k k Xj^ dU ŽW? b D k¿ ˆe„ k BWj ˆ ]hBWj SD½ Wh 8Vh^° iW„Uh D^ah k 5 b D k¿ ah D° aR½ [pU ik S k VhiD WhW ˆe„ k ˆY_sdsYŽWj ~ k ] iaIh^ ah`Ž bh`hB d ]hd 7Wp ]hFWj X^5 X^h aFp^° Z E^° E^ Xj^ dU ŽW? _sDsWj h k 5 dt ] ^ŽSp 9 _hj D^R D^Ž Wh k 5 e k5 XR SpWj dhTp dhTp SpRp _sDsWj d5 m iS dhTp ðh^° XR 7PIR [j WesSj D^Ž 8Wh Dh^Rp ˆe„ k KW d Uh]p [h^Sj] X V^haSh 9 _hWh id h5SsWp k 7XWhaj _jVs Page 17 of
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  • 50. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ lYŽ 8a^R W lYŽ id h5Ss k 5 k5 eR D^ lYŽ 8a^R W Z dSX5T V½Wh dhˆe ]h5 Xe°_hTj Sq]h^ [ha ] S D^ahWj lYŽ ^ŽS 7XWhajWp _pEDs? XsShWj [haWhB 7Wp WqiSD l ]sWp ^ k D]h½ Jp Z ]h^ XJŽ lYŽ Sj ahU VPEROLVP
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  • 53. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ lYŽ [ha Z ;XU° bWp e a FR k 5 Jp W lYŽ [hah5 Zh 8I^R X^ ðh^° ] [h^ 8Xahh5 8 ]s WTj epbh5 lYŽ Z VhiD aWh5 WqiSD 7Wp 8 ]h‰ D X`s X^ ]hW 8XjWp lYŽ [hah5 ðh^° XR Zh 8I^R X^ Ds: iabpc _ë WTj 8Xahh5 8 k 5 Z 8 a k ?D Zh k Yh]UhDh^D eSj ]h^° Zj Zh k ?N_jK KsEj eSj Z Wj Uµ iWD hT½WhWs XhO D^ah hN° Ds: Z5VW W esahWh Dh^Rp ˆe„ k k 7 ]h]jBWp aN_haah k 5 Dh Z k d^` ZWj F k 5 k Z XR 9 _h dhTp d5ZV V^haSh Zh ‡I esWh 7[haWp Dh^Rp ˆe„ k V½Wj XDP 5 SpWh X^ Dh] ^e° Spaj bðShB ZWj ^eŽ lYŽ [ha Z 8Wh Dh^Rp k W 7 ]h]jB E^h : h:_j iaIh^ Vh^hWp hWSh eSh UhE_h S^ŽD° Es B Spah _sDs Y°^Yh^ D^ShD^Sh IsEs 9 _h V½ 7XWhaSh F]h 7Wp ˆe„ k V½ 7Wp SpWj ^ŽS ˆ^ahK JsPSh F]h Z Zj Zh k _sDs :hbheŽ Xj^sWp hWSh eSh Es Tj 7_F T]h XJŽ ˆe„ k aWh iW]iS UZhaWp Dh^Rp 9 _hTj _h5Zh ^e°ah _h ]h Z 8h5 k ] k s ? Jp D° 9 _h dhTp d5ZV V^aSh Zh 5 8I^RWh 7[haWp Dh^Rp _sDs ˆe„ k V½ S^Y a`ah _h ]h Z 8 k hWh _jVp Xj^hRh dSX5T h^h ShˆD]hWs ;X]sF D^ŽWp XsShWs V½ aVh^ah hN° D°as ;X]sF D^° Jp Sp 8XRp 8F` Ks 5k Page 23 of
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  • 55. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ V½ id h5S Z XR ? 7E5P ]sS 7ia[h S esahWh Dh^Rp 7_F7_F K ]h? W k DPhh5 W ^eŽ bD° ?N_p [FahW 7Wp ]sSVh^D ]Š S a Ip d5 lR½ djD^R es] Jp Z 8 ˆU ] ]Š S ZjKs Ds: Wˆe XR :h es] Jp k 7_jWs e U XpFZ^Ws Kh: a5bK 7Wp djVj ^° EhUs^ŽWs ; ^hiVDh^Ž es] Jp 5 Z :hWp ?D ˆU ] SpK V^haSs _sDsWh WpSh S^ŽD° hWahh5 8ap Jp 7Wp k iW]hh5 e5pbh :hWj e]hSj es] Sp k5 XR hWahh5 8ap Jp V½ id h5S Z eŽ k BWh Ih^ k W FsWs id h5S _:Wp d] I Wp | k Fh5 ia[h S D^ahh5 8 k5 Jp k Z U^° D FWp 7Wp Dh`h5 [hF_h D^ahh5 8 ]h Jp k h5 [FahWp 7 D Xh5 7aSh^ _jVs Jp Xe°_s k k F dS F 7Wp SpWh Ih^ Dh`h5 J D J a^he 7Wp W^id„e 7aSh^ T]h k ZjKs pSh F 7Wp Sph5 R Dh` 7Wp SpWh5 k R 7aSh^ ahW X^ ^h 7Wp ^h 7aSh^ T]h jKs hX^ k Fh5 Zp Dh` h5 m R 7Wp k V 7aSh^ T]h Jp _s 7Wp iWRh½]D k k Fh5 D`Ž Fh5 ?D Dh` Jp Sph5 ?DK 7aSh^ 7_j Ws Jp Z 8aj ^ŽSp ˆe„ k BWh yx 7aSh^Wh id h5SWp d aahh5 8 ]s Jp 7Wp Jp _h Dh`h5 9 _hWp K hRd SWs V½ ZShaahh5 8 ]s Jp Page 25 of
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  • 58. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ V½ id h5S W Z D‡_„FhWp Uµ ]sWh ^h S^ŽD° ^ k D^ahh5 8ap_ Jp XR SpWj X Wj ^ ^hRj ˆe„ k D DŽ ^hRh5 SpWs ; _pE WTj VhiD Jp 7Wp k k V½ Xˆ^aS½W D^ŽWp dSX5T V½ 7XWhap_s Jp Z XsShWj KahZUh^Ž l^Ž D^Sh k aYhUh^ 7 ]h]jB Jp SpB ZIj Kbp 7Wp ?D k S X^5 X^hWh d ] ZWbp 7Wp SpRp ^ŽEjd^ 7Wp sWjW De°ahh5 8abp Z yz D^sP hRdsWp yz D^sPŽWj dsZS së `bp 7Wp k Wh k ZShap_ ^ Sh X^ Ih_jWp 7^h ^Ž iabpc aF½ `bp ]h5 Y S dhIh dSX5TjBK K: bDbp V½ id h5S k Z aYhUh^ dSX5TjB e ^s ac Vj ^hK D^bp [FahW ZVh W asWh D Ws ˆedhZ ^hEbp 7Wp SpWh hRp SpRp d D^bp D° dh^h 9Wh 8Xbp Z ^ 7Wp Xˆ^[hch ˆe„ k Xt^h‡RD DThB h5Tj _pahh5 8aj Jp XJŽ k k k [_p Sp D DŽ ^hR es] D° XJŽ [hFaS ^hR ah 7 ] ^hR k Z [h^S ;Xeh jXh5 iWLh^Ž X^5 X^hWh ^ŽahK hRp 8ah ˆe„ k l ]sh5 ZU_ha D^ŽWp SpRp 9 _hj ^5 F 8Xj U° ahh5 8 ]s Wh Dh^Rp V½h5 9 _hj l ]s bhp_ D^Ž bDh] Page 28 of
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  • 78. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ XPUs eNhaj? Z W ]h^ XJŽ dSX5Tj Ud 7aSh^h5 W^id„eWh a5bh5 XhJh hRds K ]h5 k Z [FahW X^ ^h? ðh^° ] _ W WesSh D]h½ 8 ahS Ss ]hS Jp SpB 7E5P Ih^Ž eSh XR dSX5Tj Ud 7aSh^h5 SpBWh _ W T]h eSh 7Wp SpWh a5bKs XR eSh Z ˆe„ k B hRp X^ ^h ia Ws b 7aSh^ eSh 7Wp SpWs 7aSh^ ^h 7aSh^Wh k k k d] Dh`h5K T]s eSs XR dSX5TjB hRp X^ ^h 7aSh^Wh a5bh5 j XpQŽ? ^h K ]h Jp Z ˆe„ k B hN° 8 ahSh½ l^° l^Ž EsNŽ Jp 7Wp IsEj ZWhaNŽ Jp Z ]h^ XJŽWs 7aSh^ [FahW ^hWs Jp Z 8XRp k Rj? JŽ? D° [FahW X^ ^h Ss ?D h R eSh Ss SpWh a5bh5 [FahW ^h l]½abj eSh Sp D° K ]h5 5 XPUs eNhaj? W Z 8F` aVj? dSX5Tj Ud 7aSh^ De° Jp D° ^hp ^haRWp h^ŽWp ^h e^ŽbI5 Wp Sh]h½ Z ^h ^h 7Wp ^h e^ŽbI5 Wj ahSh½B 8XRp d k? dh5[`p _j Jp Z p ahSh½B a Ip Ds: d5ZV WTj Ss XJŽ dSX5Tj Ud 7aSh^h5 d5ZV ðh5Tj 5 5 XpUh D^Ž _jVs Z ]h^ XJŽWs 7aSh^ Jp [FahW ^hWh a5bh5 [FahW m RWs Z ˆe„ k ^hRs hRp [FahW m R I5 a5bj eSh 7Wp [FahW ^h ]abj k k ½ 5 8Ws S_Z Z p ?D a5bWh WesSh XR dSX5T Ud 7aSh^h5 Z Wp ?DK p a5bh5 K h ]h Jp Z dSX5Tj V½ Ih^Ds? XhJŽ Gs^ l_ D^Ž Page 36 of
  • 79. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ XPUs eNhaj? W Z a5b 8F` aVh^Sh ? De° Jp D° [FahW m RWh a5bh5 X k hW XJŽ dp ThW 7Wp Zp_ ThW aFp^ T]h Z XR X k hWWh UŽD^h 7iW k V Ss l_h: F]h 7e XR XhJŽ sNŽ l_ D^Ž WhEj Z m RWh € h a5bh5 V 7aSh^ K haj UŽVh XR 8XRp d k 5 Rj? JŽ? k D° m R 7Wp V aIp z}xx ac Ws S^ Jp dhVh^R ^ŽSp € XpQŽ zxx Tj k {xx ac h5 T9 ] XR 7e S^ z}xx ac½Ws Jp 8 XR dh‡ZS D^° Jp k k D° dSX5TV½Ws V 7aSh^ ? dhIs V 7aSh^ WTj Z dSX5Tj Ud 7aSh^ De° Jp D° [FahW V? l ] VWWp h] TsPŽ ah^ 8 k ahSWp dhIj hWj _:? Ss XR m RWh € j XpQŽh5 l ] VWWp h] K]h^° 8XRp EZ^ Jp D° l ] VW m RWh d]h5K Xh5Pas? h] eSs XPUs eNhaj? Z dSX5Tj Ud 7aSh^ ? De° Jp D° [FahW W k V? Xh5PasWp Fh] h^ŽWp Ft pV ]ì D^ah k 5 D 5k Z 8Ej k iW]h Rp Jp D° 7ˆe„dh X^sV½ Ws k 8Xah ah`h [FahW V k k eSh Ss XJŽ [FahW V Ds: Wa^Wp h^ahWj d_he D° aj ^ŽSp 8Xj bD° 7Wp Sp XR l ] Fh]Wp h^ahWj d_he! k Z Xh5Pas 7Wp [FahW VWh ahSh½_hXWj ahSh½ Wh X^ dSX5T V½ ;[s T]s Jp SpWs ˆe„ k bh sh5 ðh] ; _pE WTj Z 8F` aVSh5 [FahW k VWh a5bWp k d_hWs dhTp KsPŽ UŽahh5 8 ]s k Z ia Ws De°aSs Uds 7aSh^ 7_j Wp [FahW k VWh a5bh5 KsPŽ UŽVs ˆe„ k B hN° D° N k5 Es k 5! Page 37 of
  • 80. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ [FahWp yxh5 Tj  7aSh^ ˆe„ k Bh5 [h^Sh5 _jVh Ss XJŽ dSX5TjB hRp yxs 7aSh^ bh hN° k d_hWsh5 :^hW U° bh5 _jVs! k d_hWsh5 yxs 7aSh^ bh hN° ! W Z Xe°_h  7aSh^ [h^Sh5 ˆe„ k B a Ip _jVh XJŽ [FahWWp yxs k 7aSh^ bh hN° d_hWsh5 :^hWh5 _pas XPÈs! 8as dah_ ˆe„ k B D^bpK ?aj 7Xpëh dSX5TWh ThXDsWp eSjK Z 8Wh hN° ?D ‡ZW ik W]hUŽ EsNs 7Wp X aj DhQ°_s KahZ Sq]h^ D] WjIp hRp Jp Z eh[h^S k 5 k h5 [FahW m R? FjShWs ;XU° b 8 ]s eSs 7Wp m R [FahWWj d_he hRp Xh5Pas? SpWh Dt^a [h:BWs aV D] Page 38 of
  • 81. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ k d_hWsh5 yxs 7aSh^ bh hN° ! Z W XR h Rs 8 ahSWp d W bðh 7Wp Xh5PasWp XhXWh [hFjUh^ O^hah]h ?N_p XhXTj p`aah hN° ^hK ] ]ì D^ahWj ahS D^Ž 8 Z k5 Xj^ dU ŽWWj FsOap_j ahSs Jp k Šk S Z K]h^° [FahW m RWp Xh5Pas h^h ^hK ] ]ì D^ahWh ahSWj R T9 ]h^° SpB Z Wh^hK T]h k k FjShWs ZsV 8 ]h XJŽ XR Wp l_j ] Jp 7Wp h RsWj ahSsWp dhIj hWp Jp ? k5 d Wp siVS T]h Z ?N_p [FahWp e°^ D ¿ k D° [_p 5k yxs 7aSh^ ˆe„ k Bh5 _pahWs eSs XR eap XJŽ 5k yxs 7aSh^ k d_hWsh5 eL^S 7_jWh Whp 7^Z E5Ph5 _:b Z 8 ZVjK ahSs Xj^ dU ŽWWh ˆUhFWj XK Jp SpWs ˆe„ k bh sh5 ðh] ; _pE WTj Z 8 K ]h? ?D Zj ahS KRhaaj K ^Ž Jp D° h Rs FjShWs ZsV W d bðh 7Wp Xh5PasWh ehTp ^hK ] ]ì D^h ]s ?N_p h RsWp dhIh apUs k5 ìhW WTj ?as ?D Was id h5S X aj DhQÇs 8 k id h5SWh Dh^Rp h RsWp 7ìhWj O^haj dSX5TjB SpWj l 7Wp D½Dh5P h RsWh ehTp WTj D^haSh dSX5T V½Wp ?D dWhSW V½ S^ŽD° ^ k D^ahWs X5I Page 39 of
  • 82. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ dWhSW DPŽ p`aahWs ]W X5I Sq]h^ D^ahh5 8 ]s WjIp hRp Jp W dSX5T V½ dWhSW Dh`Tj 7Š S ah5 Jp ?aj ahS Whaah ?D Was ˆe„ k BWj WK^Tj Z V^SjWs Xe°_s k ] ZhZh 8UWs a5b ap_s SpWh De°ahSh k s id dh _sDW apFp^ Tj _:Wp S½Lh 7_j 7Wp :h bheWp KsPahh5 8 ]s Jp ˆe„ k V½h5 8 ahSWp k N°Ds 8X k5 Ds: dhˆe ] WTj Z 8aj ^ŽSp dSX5T V½Wp dWhSW V½ dhTp KsPahWj Dsibb D^ahh5 8aj Jp Z ]h^ XJŽ ia k Ws iW^hDh^ 7aSh^Wp :h bheWh k W^ se U bhe dhTp KsPahh5 8 ]s Z 8 ahSs XhJ`Ws e° k ?N_sK Jp D° 7 R ˆe„ k BWp Zpa Y ZWhajWp dSX5T V½ ˆe„ k l V½ Jp Sp k5 SpWh Wh5 Odhaj SpRp dSX5T V½ Xh`Sh D^Ž U° ah 7Wp Vj^° Vj^° k d_hW V½h5 Xˆ^aiSS D^Ž U° ah dSX5TWh dhˆe ] W dSX5T dhˆe ] X^ ;PSj WK^ Page 40 of
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  • 85. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ FjWhW dhˆe ] N_j d h 7Wp hF½Ub½W 8X k5 FRp Jp k W Z dSX5TjB h^h VhiD FjWhW X^5 X^hWp d_hWs k 5 k ^hW 7Wp ˆe„ k BWh apUs Z FjWhW dhˆe ] Dh ] Xh5 Jp h5 WjIp KRhap_ k hB a^° _h Jp
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  • 127. sXF5Ph Ih^ X iS • k5 9 _hWh V½ Ih^Ds? 9 _hWh ; I 8Ub Wp 7 ]]sWh la½KsWh V½ ?N_p ˆe„ k V½Wj Xˆ^[hch 7Wp d5 miSh5 d k5 • ˆe„ k V½Wh I‡_S 7Wp U^ 8Ub d5 Dh^s ^ŽS ^ŽahKs h ]ShB Z5VWs k5 aFp^°Wp 7Wp 9 _hj F[½8 hZjKWj 8d Xhd KsPahh5 8 k5 • V½ Xˆ^aS½WWh Dh]½ 8dhWjTj l 5k D^Ž bD° Sp hN° Dh` la½D 7Wp ik W]s‰KS X5I FsOaahh5 8 ]s dh^h5b ²I^R y
  • 128. :h 7Wp 7E5P ]sS W • k 7_jWp Xe°_s :h 7Wp ia Ws Uds 7aSh^ S^ŽD° Wh] Jp 7Wp Sph5 U^ k ^Ws 7E5P ]sSWs ahd Jp • k 8 ^ 7E5P ]sS XpQŽ U^ XpQŽ iXSh :h h^h :hWj FhUŽWh ; ^hiVDh^Ž k h5 k U^Sj ^ŽSp ;S^ k5 8ap Jp
  • 129. lYŽ ahU • dSX5T V½Wh Ih^Ds? lYŽ ahUWh id h5SsWp 7XWhajWp d5FjSWh h^h k 7 ]h]jBWp 8D ]h½ • DUhI 8 k5 SpWh dhTp Ds: Zj W D^Ž ] ?N_p 8 XR Dü^ k d_hWs d5FjSWh ia^sVj Jp • XR SpWs k ] ; p b e5pbh _sDsWs V½ Xˆ^aS½W D^haahWs K eSs Page 53 of
  • 130. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ dh^h5b ²I^R y
  • 131. • V½ id h5S k W dSX5T V½ id h5S ? De° Jp D° [FahW ia Ws yxs 7aSh^ ?D 7^Z U° bh5 Tbp 7Wp E^h d] X^ FN T:Wp D‡_„Fs WhWh Uµ ]Ws aV D^bp 7Wp k 5ahˆ^Dh V^Sj dhTp k _ W D^bp ]h^ ZhU U^° D sjW e ^s ac Vj V^Sj ;X^ ^hK D^bp
  • 132. Ud 7aSh^ • ˆe„ k Ud 7aSh^Wp O D^ŽWp Sph5 9 _hj S as k dhPahh5 8 ]h 7Wp eL^S 7_jWp k [FahW ia Ws yxs 7aSh^ S^ŽD° e°^ D]
  • 133. FjWhW dhˆe ] • FjWhW h^h ? k5 ik Wi S D^ahh5 8 k5 D° 7 ]h]jB Ds:Wh X^ b5Dh W D^° 7Wp SpWh k X^ Via hd ^hEp
  • 134. k 8 7Wp D_h • k 8B 7Wp D_hB ?aj ^ŽSp ^Iahh5 8 ]h Jp D° ˆe„ k S asWp ahX^ŽWp SpWh l` 9 _hj k ^hEahh5 8 ]h Jp Tj 7 ]h]jB 8E^° 9 _h V½ Xh`Sh T: ] 7Wp 9 _hWpK dhIs V½ d Ehd W V 7a_sDW iW^ŽëR Fp SpN_h ˆe„ k S as ahX]h½ es] Jp aN° dSX5T Xh`ahah`hBWs ^ Ss 9 _h S^Y ] Jp ˆe„ k BWj VhiD _hFRj k [hajWp SpWs V½ [s D] Jp Page 54 of
  • 135. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ d^Dh^Ž U ShapK 7Wp d5bsVWDh^sWs iW Dc½ d5bsVWDh^s 7Wp d^Dh^Ž U ShapKs k 5 W k 5 De°ah k 5 Jp SpWj W V _9? Page 55 of
  • 136. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 8XRp 7 ]h^ Vjk dK]h JŽ? SpWj WjIp KRhap_ hˆeSjWh 8Vh^° Œk N D^Ž?
  • 137. d5bsVWDh^s 7Wp ia hWsWh iW Dc½ 7Wp
  • 138. dSX5T iac] X^ d^Dh^Ž U ShapKs ]h ]h Z dSX5T ?N_p W dhIs X5T D° së hN° Ws dhIs ^ Ss ? 9 _hWh ?D X5T k 5 Wh Jp h5 ˆe„ k 7Wp ib]h k d_hWsWh VhiD id h5Ss Jp ah UŽj^ 9aWsa ik a ]hS dj ia hW Z Es k d_hWsWs X5T ´KsPRj Dsbµ k K^hS ia hXjO h^h DhibS Page 56 of
  • 139. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ]h ]h W Z dSX5T ? V½ Jp : h:_j Es iS]h X5T Xj^hRh X5T :h bheŽ X5T iWLh^Ž X5TWs [Fa s5P` k K^hSj ?Wdh] _sXjˆP]h (QFFORSHGLD Z dSX5T ? Es k d_hWsWs X5T Jp k k K^hSj _p‡ëDsW ² K^hSj b U Dsb LFWLRQDU ZZZJXMDUDWLOH[LFRQFRP ]h ]h Z k Wh sWh W DRZj ìhiSWs ?D [hF ˆe„ k BWs ?D [hF Xj^hRh X5TWs k d_hWj V½ Xh`p Jp k ? _sDsWs d Uh] Rp Xj^hRhWh dq ]U :h bhe° aN_hajWp ib]h k d_hW ZWh ]h SpWh ^ŽS ^ŽahK ˆ ]hB 7Wp 8I^Rs 7PVh ˆe„ k ah Jp 7Wp 7P k 5 k d_hW ah Jp aFp^ k K^hSj _p‡ëDsW k K^hSj [hchWs ?D sNs 7Wp ]hXD b U Dsb Page 57 of
  • 140. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ]h ]h Z Xj^hRh X5T W DhDh X5T iS]h X5T dSX5T Wp :h bhe? y}j dUŽh5 Th ]s k K^hSj _p‡ëDsW [h^SWj a Sj FRS^Ž ²E5P ;9, ²Z^sPh ²[hF pL d^Dh^° [h^SWj a Sj FRS^Ž D^Ž eSj Sph5 Xj^hRh X5T ;X^ hˆeSj 8Xp_ Jp 7Wp Xj^ k 7Wp ^ŽU a IpWh d5ZVsWh Zh^hh5 5 _Ep_ Jp Page 58 of
  • 141. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ [h^SWj a Sj FRS^Ž ²E5P ;9, ²Z^sPh ²[hF XhW €h5 Xj^hRh X5T ;X^ hˆeSj `bp 7 D W V _pah ah5 k hB k
  • 142. DRZj ìhiSWh ˆe„ k BWp :h bhe° aN_h ]h
  • 143. :hbheŽB k 5 VhiD k SD 7Ta½ apU ? 7_F Jp
  • 144. WhB 7 ]h]jB k S D^hap k k Jp [h^SWj a Sj FRS^Ž ²E5P ;9, ²Z^sPh ²[hF k Xj^hRhWh Xj^ 7Wp ^ŽU a IpWh d5ZVs 5 XhW  h5 Ksah `bp Ehd k hB
  • 145. b^ZS Wp Xj^ k 5 D^° 7Wp SpWh XJŽ k k SpWh 7 ]h]j ^ŽU ?Wp Xj? k5
  • 146. 8 ˆ ]hWp _Z D° D _pahWj ˆ ]h De°ah] Page 59 of
  • 147. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ k ´ K^hSWh V½ d5 Uh]µ ac½ y€{h5 k K^hS ik WaidNŽ h^h D°Œ ] d^Dh^Wj ?D ]sKWh e°O` JhXj Jp XhW y|€ Xj^hRh X5T k ] k hB k
  • 148. Xj^hRhh5 } DZ^s Jp :h bhe ^bhe k ^h[h: Zhah se U 7Wp ZhD^ 7_jWs
  • 149. :h bhe :^hWTj 8ap_h 7Wp GRh XhNŽUh^sWs Vh½ S^ D^h ]s eSs
  • 150. Vh½ S^R XJŽ SpBWp sWh 7Wp iS]h DRZj S^ŽD° B`Eh]h
  • 151. SpB ;S^Sh U^ Wh ˆe„ k B 7Wp S^Sj k DëhWh d_hW S^ŽD° B`Eh]h
  • 152. 7 _he Wp da m N ˆD^Sh^ S^ŽD° hWp Jp k k
  • 153. e U dhWp 7 _heWh XpFZ^ S^ŽD°5 ajDh^° Jp Page 60 of
  • 154. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ XhW y| Xj^hRh X5T k ] k hB
  • 155. se U XpFZ^Wp k k hWp Jp 5
  • 156. k ^hWWp Wp dSX5Tj 7T^apU XR De° Jp SpB Uµ aj T FRp Jp 5 DhDhWp Wjah aESp Xj^hRhWh dq ]Us 7Wp DhDh ^h _ R a Ip Sh x{yzyz}Ws D^h^ k ] k hB
  • 157. 8 D^h^Wj b 8ShK ? k 5 _ k 5 Jp D° Xj^hRh dSX5T ? ?D V½ WTj XR Sp ?D Šk _ V½Ws Yh5Ns Jp k
  • 158. DhDh 7 ]h]jB XhdpTj Uds U [pFj D^ŽWp dq ]UsWp 8Xbp
  • 159. ? Zj Xqdh XR [pFh D^ŽWp dq ]UsWp 8Xbp Page 61 of
  • 160. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ´[h^Sj] d5 im Sµ Vs^R yz k 5 XhOÈ k SD ² K^hS d^Dh^ h^h ac½ y}h5 k Zeh^ XhPahh5 8 k 5 e k 5 XhW |{ [h^Sj] d5 miSWs 9iSehd :h bhe Xj^hRhah`h? y}j dUŽh5 7UhahU Xhdp adahN D^ŽWp DRZjB Wp ib]h Šk _ V½ 7Xh ]s Page 62 of
  • 161. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ FjWhWd N° Nd 7Wp DsWN° Nd *LQDQV 7H[WV DQG RQWH[WV • ia hWsWh FjWhW ;X^ _pEsWs U^ d5 e 8 k SDh5 Jp k5 • dSX5TjB h^h FahSh FjWhWs X^ PŽ hˆeSj 8 k SDh5 `bp _j P 9 _h 9W dh;T
  • 162. XhW dSX5T ? ?D ik W]s‰KS Vh¿S^ D^haahWj ]sKWh Jp ?ib]h
  • 163. XhW ac½ y~Wh5 ?D DsN½ D°dh5 dSX5TjB? DsN½ dhp ^ k D ¿ k e 5k k D° iW D_5DŽ Wh^h]R ia Ws Uds 7aSh^ Jp :h bheWh UŽD^h [hF ,9 Io N^ e U bhe
  • 164. Wp SpB 8ˆU ia k 7Wp SpWj hShWp 8ˆU bŠ S S^ŽD° hWp k Jp
  • 165. XhW :hWp ia k Ws yxs 7aSh^ 7Wp YhiShWp U° aj bŠ S S^ŽD° hWp Jp
  • 166. XhW y€h5 ?D DsN½ D°dh5 KahZ 8XSh D^dW DhDh? DsN½ Wp D 5k D° Xj^hRhWj d5 Th Zs Zp X _D N y}x e°O` D°N°F^Ž (µ h5 W Vh]p_ Jp D^dW DhDh? D 5k D° ?Ws S_Z ? Th] D° ? N ‡ZWV˜ Jp ?D ‡ZW ˆe„ k 7Wp ‡ZW d_hW N k
  • 167. XhW ´« Xj^hRhh5 l hN° j]hj liS WTj ZpdhPŽ UŽah_ X^ Us^° _h5 ‡I s h bs[h aVh^ah hN° Jp µ
  • 168. 5 k XhW ´« : h:_j d5ZV `ajWp :hWp e5pbh ia Ws 7aSh^ hWahh5 8ap Jp 7Wp Es 7Wp Xj^hRh dSX5TWh FjWhW dhˆe ]sh5 SpRp Wh^h]R 7Wp iW D_5DŽ 7aSh^ S^ŽD° hWahh5 8ap Jp
  • 169. XhW ´v ‡I eWs ZpaPs S_Z DhQŽWp dSX5Tj k SDsh5 ?aj ^ŽSp JhXahh5 8 k5 D° ˆe„ k Wh v Wp KRpTj PhZj Zh k ah5Ip Ss 7_j a5Ih]
  • 170. XhW ´«Z p ˆe„ k 7Wp d_hW ² ˆe„ k ^ŽahKTj 7Wp k k d_hW V½Tjµ Page 63 of
  • 171. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ D_p N° Wj]h _p ah Uj^ 9ahWsa ROOHFWDQHD E :ODGLPLU ,YDQRZ K Tj dj ah Uj^ 9ahWsa dSX5T iac] X^ d5bsVW D^ahah`h Xe°_h5 8 ik WD KhWhWh _pED Jp 8 k SDWh k ] k hB
  • 172. dSX5TWp D‡_ FWs V½ S^ŽD° ^ k D^ahWs ]hd k Jp
  • 173. Xe°_s :h 7_j Wp [FahWWs yxs 7aSh^ S^ŽD° ^ k D]
  • 174. k ^hWWp Jp _s apU e°^ D] 7Wp 8Fh;Wh apUs 7Wp dhˆe ]sWp ^ e°^ D]h½
  • 175. k SDWh k ] iac]s
  • 176. 9iSehd
  • 177. sXF5Ph
  • 178. V½ id h5S
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  • 182. Wh^h]R ^h _ ZhRj Ds hDN^ Xe°_h ]Š S eSh Dhb Rp ac½ yz~h5 Xj^hRh dSX5TWh Xh [pUs 7Wp ^ ]s Zeh^Ž k iW]h dhp ðh k
  • 183. Z PhRTj d5bsVW D^ŽWp 8 k SD Sq]h^ D^ahh5 k 8 k5 Jp Sph5 ˆe„ k BWp Jp S^ŽWp SpWh V½h5 X^së k k ^ŽSp 9 _hj S as dhPŽWp d_hW ZWhaahWs X5I k _s D^° Jp
  • 184. dSX5T ˆe„ k V½ W esah JSh5 SpWh 7 ]h]jBWp k dSX5T ˆe„ k V½ Jp ? k5 Ohdahh 8a k5
  • 185. GRh ZVh FjWhWsWp 8 k SDh5 JhXahh5 8 ]h Jp dSX5TjB hN° FjWhW Rah k 5 ?D s k5 dhVW ZWj F k5
  • 186. SpWj ìhiSWp XhJh ˆe„ k V½h5 ah`ahWs SpWj _PSWh Zh^hh5 RDh^Ž 8Xj Jp
  • 187. ah Uj^ 9ahWsa deŽS GRh ehW ia hWs 8 k SDWs d5U[½ _pSh es] Jp
  • 188. dSX5TWj dhIj RDh^Ž p`aah hN° 8 k SD ah5I k5 7iWah]½ Jp Page 64 of
  • 189. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ k ´ K^hSh5 :hbheWs X5Tµ -%%5$6 9RO
  • 190. Wh^h]R ^h h^h Xj^hRh dSX5TWj Xs_ IsXPŽ Zeh^ XhPahWh yx a^d XJŽ ah Uj^ k5 9ahWsa? :hbheŽ X^ 8 U^ _pE _ ]s
  • 191. 8 k SDh5 :hbheŽBWs :hbheTj k _:Wp SpWh Jp _h ; ^hiVDh^Ž VjWs a5b ap_hWj W V 8Xp_ Jp
  • 192. Es B 7Wp :hbheŽBWs dSX5T V½ id h5S ?D esah JSh5 :hbheŽB D°ah d5KsFsh5 7Wp D]h Dh^Rsd^ k ] dSX5T Es B Tj 7_F T]h
  • 193. 7 ] 9iSehdDh^s h^h dSX5TWh 9iSehd Zh^hh5 _pEsWj W V XR `bp k5 Z: eh: DsN½ Ws ac½ y€~~Ws ]hS Es D°d Z ac½ y€~~Ws k5 ]hS Z: eh: DsN½ Wh Es W D°dh5 dSX5T ?D d_hWj X5T Jp Sp k5 e°^ T k5 k Z ? D°dh5 Zp k h ?ah eSh Wh ;X^ D°dWs iWR½] iWVh½ˆ^S eSs da½dhh ] ^ŽSp V½ Xhaah hN° ShˆD]h k 5 T k5 Xh_W k Wah 7 ]h]jBWs Vh½ S^R D^aahWj ^ŽS Vj^° Tj SpWh eh_Wh V½ hN° b5DhB ;[j D^haaj 7Wp XJŽ SpWh ;Xh]h5 dSX5T ^ k D^as Z Jp _p Ud 7aSh^ FjWhW Wh 8Vh^° DsN² iWR½] _jVs D° Es B k ib]h d_hW Jp Page 65 of
  • 194. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ d^Dh^Ž FpLpNŽ7^ W Z [h^Sj] FpLpNŽ7^ [hF y y{ Z [h^Sj] FpLpNŽ7^ D J y€x ² dSX5Tj k Wh Z k5 Z: pdjP°Wdj FpLpNŽ7^ E5P | XhW {|y Z k5 Z: pdjP°Wdj FpLpNŽ7^ E5P  [hF z XhW {|y Z 7UhahU ‰K _s FpLpNŽ7^ [h^S d^Dh^ XhW zyxyy y€€ € zxzy Z 7UhahU ‰K _s FpLpNŽ7^ [h^S d^Dh^ XhW € ~y ~~ 7 ] d5U[½ dh j D JWh DPah XhNŽUh^sWs 9iSehd W X5I apU [hF y Tj  Es mSh5S
  • 195. Es DsWs 9iSehd
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  • 202. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiS 7Wp dSX5T W k dSX5T Xh`ahah`h d kTj sNh d Uh] k5 Sp V½Wh iac] ;X^ k 5 De° k5 Jp ! 8as Ks:? DDXh ìhiS 7Wp dSX5T dSX5T V½Wh €} 7 ]h]jBWj ìhiSWs Sp V½ iac] 5k De° k W Jp 7Wp SpWh U ShapKsh5 D°aj eDŽDS UZh]p_j Jp Sp Ks:? Z :h bhe° GRh eŽ k B k 5 Vh½ S^ D^h k 5 e k 5 Sph5 k ] D JWh DPah XhNŽUh^s eSh k k Z Xj^hRh dSX5TWh 7 ]h]jBWj _Wh D^Ž? Ss ?D aESp k €} Tj aVh^° 7 ]h]jB 8 ìhiSWh eSh Z Zj Ds: ìhiS? Xj^hRh dSX5TWs 8aj sNŽ d5 ]hh5 FjDh^ WesSs D] Page 67 of
  • 203. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiS 7Wp dSX5T Z 8 Jp W XR Xj^hRh dSX5TWp hWWh^hBh5 Z k sNŽ d5 ]h DDXh ìhiSWj K Z Xj^hRhWj U^FheWj U° E ^° E hN° N ZWhahh5 8 k 5 Jp ? Nh5 8 ìhiSWh NŽB k ] Jp Z ? Nh5 y Ip^pW 7Wp yx NŽ Jp Wh  NŽ DDXh ìhiSWh Jp 7Wp { dq ]Us Jp FhUŽXiS DhDh es hWj ? Ip^pW es] Jp DhDh XR DDXh ìhiSWh es] Jp DDXh ìhiS €{ Wj Z kSj [sFap Jp Z N ZsP½ JsPŽWp _F[F Zj ZVh d5Ih_Ds XR DDXh ìhiSWh K Jp DDXh ìhiS 7Wp dSX5T Z DDXh ìhiS k 5 ?D k ] 7Wp bŠ S bh`Ž D° W ThW FRhSj d5 Th j 7‡E_ [h^Sj] D J DPah XhNŽUh^ dhK 7[hDDXh ZZZDENNSVDPDMRUJ
  • 204. Wh U ShapKsWs 7 ]hd D]h½ aF^ dSX5T iac] X^ D^° _s Ds: XR 7 ]hd k 7 ^s Jp Z dSX5T 7Wp Xj^hRhh5 TSj FiSiaiVBWj U^Wj Xj 7Wp dhIj hˆeSj p`aah hN° 7[hDDXh dhK 7Wp SpWh _sDs d kTj sNs sS Jp 5 Z Ks Ds:Wp Xj^hRh V½ Ih^ 7Wp Xh_WWj ^ŽS Raj es] SpK SpWs dhIs ½ dKas es] Ss 7[hDDXh dhKWh _sDs 7Wp SpWh U ShapKs k 5 7 ]p]W D^ k 5 7iWah]½ Jp Page 68 of
  • 205. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiS 7Wp dSX5T W Z ìhiS 7iVapbWs d[hB KW^_ d[hB iˆN„F diiSWj ZpODs dhKWh WpShBWh [hchWs dhIh^s hidD Xi DhB 7Wp SpWh ah5 7d5 ] U ShapKsh5 Xj^hRh dSX5T ;X^ dhIj hˆeSj `bp Z dhKWh WpShBWj 7Wp dhKWh _sDsWj _hFRjB X^Tj XR GRj hˆeS `p Sp Jp Z Sp U ShapKsTj `p _j hˆeSjWj Œk N dhKWh aˆ^ O _sDsWp `ŽWp D^Ž? Ss ?D ahS IsDd dhY Th] Jp D° _sDsWp Xj^hRh dSX5T ˆe„ k V½ Jp ? DeŽWp SpWp Sp V½ Xh`Sh D^Ž U:Wp Jp S^ahh5 8 ]h eSh Z K]h^° _sDsWp eDŽDSWj R T9 D° V½ SpB Xh`p Jp Sp D5: ˆe„ k V½ WTj ]h^° SpB Xj^hRh dSX5TTj ia E Tah _h ]h 7Wp XhJh dWhSW ˆe„ k V½Ws k FjDh^ D^ah _h ]h DDXh ìhiS 7Wp dSX5T k W Z 8 hˆeSj _sDsWj _hFRjB SpWh 7 [as ZWhas 7Wp Spaj 7 ] Z d Ih:B Rah `bp h5 WjIp KRhap_ sS k ] Jp k W5 Sh^ŽD iaFS $XJ DDXh ìhiS e°^ d[h UhRh Z5U^ k5 Z: 0DU DDXh ìhiS e°^ d[h ia^hRj sNŽ $XJ y 5k DDXh ìhiS 7iVapbW D^hIj 2FW z k 5 DDXh ìhiS 7iVapbW D^hIj $SU { k 5 DDXh ìhiS 7iVapbW GhNDsX^ DDXh dWhSW dhK ² ahicD 7e°ah_ RQWG« Page 69 of
  • 206. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiS 7Wp dSX5T W5 Sh^ŽD iaFS W $SU ;i]h hSh 5ˆU^ ah5Qh] ² hR iS Oh es daWs ˆ^XsN½ 0D y k5 ² 7[hDDXh 7iVapbW WE hRh WE hRh Š TS 7[hDDXh dhKWj ^IWh 7Wp ia hT˜B hN° ZrˆP›F k _Wh ; hNWWs ˆ^XsN½ 0D z k 5 7[hDDXh 7iVapbW WE hRh 0D { k 5 7[hDDXh 7iVapbW WE hRh $SU | k5 7[hDDXh 7iVapbW WE hRh 0D } k5 ² 7[hDDXh 7iVapbW WE hRh ShˆD]h 9 _h k 5 ?D ES^WhD 7Wp W k 5 7d^Dh^D eiT]h^ Page 70 of
  • 207. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ e aWs k 8 GPŽ? ah[hiaD Jp D° ZVhWh Wh5 7 D dah_s [h TSh ebp W D°
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  • 270. ˆe„ k Wj Vh^RhBWp ZU_ahWs ] W W Z ZVj hWa Sh5 Ds: ; Ij hWa iS es] Ss ? d_hW K Jp ? k5 k l^° l 5k DDXh ìhiSh5 Odhap_ e k5 Z K]h^° WjI_h a^RWh _sDsWp 7PahTj 8[PJp N _hFSj eSj ]h^° Jh5N _pahWj Th eSj D° Ds: WjI_h a^RWh hRdWp JZj F]h XJŽ XhRjWj Jh5N _jVh aF^ G^h W Kah k5 Z XR DDXh ìhiSh5 ShˆD]hWh UUTj ? k5 Odhahh5 8 k5 e k5 D° Ks WjI_h a^RWh k hRdWp J ]h XJŽ Ds: d_hWWp JZj_s Ss Jh5N W _paj XP° 7Wp SpB Xia T9 ] Z K]h^° Zj ˆe„ k B d_hWsTj l ^Ž `aSh ]h^° ;X^ KRh ]h hRp k k d_hWsWp ; I FRhaj SpWp dSX5TjBWj W D _haahWh ]hd D^ahh5 8aSs Page 104 of
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  • 278. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ :hbheŽWj N Z W^ se U bhe° :hbheŽ X5TWp :h bheWp W hWahah`h k ] dSX5T X5Th5Tj y~j dUŽh5 7_F D] Z dSapRj ap_ WhWh FjWhWh5Tj 8 @iSehidD hˆeSj `Ž 8ap Jp :hbheŽWj N Z W^ se U bheWh d hWh b 8SWh ˆUadsh5 XR X^5 X^h W hRp :^hW k Š TS :h Vj Xqdh sD_ahh5 8aSh Z XR ]h^ ZhU W^ se U bhe° ia se D^ŽWp Xqdh sD_ah k 5 Z5U D ¿ k 7Wp ?D EpSh WhWs 7 ]h]j Wh XhJ` y€xxx ˆe„ k BWs dhT eSs SpahWp W^ k se U bhe? 8U° b D] D° eap XJŽ D5: Xqdh [pFh Th] Sp SpWp 8Xah :^hW sD_ah Wˆe Z EpSh? Is Ej Wh XPŽ UŽVj 7Wp _h5Zs LFPs Ih ]s WhS Zeh^ D^ah k 5 T k 5 7Wp Jp _p N XPŽ Z 8Wh Dh^Rp iaiVd^ :hbheŽB k ] dSX5TTj ?N_p Es Ds 7_F T: F]h Page 109 of
  • 279. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ NWj 7d^ :hbheŽB X^ NWj D°aj 7d^ XPŽ W Z W^ se U bhe° N XhPŽ eSj SpWh5 Dh^Rp : h:_jBWh m Œ NDsRTj :hbheŽ X5TWp [h^° 7Wp 7F‡RS DdhW T k5 k Z : h:_j V½Wh 7 ]h]j ZWah D^Sh5 SpB Xj^hRhah`h S^ŽD° e_Dh ˆe„ k B 7Wp k ;S^Sh kd_hWsWj Ds ZWjWp ^eŽ F]h Z Zj Zh k k ] dSX5T Ds Es Ds Vj^° Vj^° 9 _hWp 7XWhaSh F]h Z k ˆQahUŽ d_hWs :hbheŽBWp k d_hW WTj FRSh SpK k S ˆe„ k B SpWp ˆe„ k WTj FRSh DhDhWj liDh W ^sLhU^FheWj U° E^° E D^Sh k a^ DhDhWj liDh Page 110 of
  • 280. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DhDhWj liDh Z :hbheŽ d Uh]h5 ZVh 7 ]h]jB ˆe„ k eSh k k W Z aZIha 7Wp k leh D Dh^RsWp _:Wp 7 ]h]jB XsShWh Vh½ S^Wp k5 ^hESh SpWp Zh U° Eha ˆe„ k B as ^hEahWj N eSj Z 7Wp B? XsShWs V½Xˆ^aS½W WesSs Xh ]s SpB XR XsShWj ìhiSTj 7_F Tah WesSh hFSh Z dSX5TWh Ih^Ds 7Wp 7 ]h]jB a Ip X^ X^ d k Sj ^e° 7Wp ?D Zj 5 dhTp k k k d5XD½ h5 ^e° Sp hN° DhDhWp Wjahh5 8aSh 7 ]h]jBWp d_he 8XjWp SpWj KaR l ^ D^ahWh DhWj dhTp Sp k 5 k ] Dh Uds U 7Wp _hFhWh Xqdh 7 ]h]jB XhdpTj k [pFh D^ŽWp Xj^ Vj XsIhPah k 5 Jp k k k Z DhDhWp 7 ]h]jBWh d Uh]h5Tj k5 Nahh5 8ap Jp DhDhWj liDh W Z K]h^° DhDhWp Wjahh5 8ap Jp ]h^° SpWj VhiD iaiV dq ]Us h^h D^ahh5 8ap Jp Z X^5 X^hFS ^ŽSp DhDhWh Zp Wh es] Jp ?D ˆe„ k Wh 7Wp Zj k 5 Šk _ Wh UhE_h S^ŽD° Wh]h DhDhWp Xj^ Wdj k ŽW De°ahh5 8aSh Spaj ^ŽSp D^dW DhDhWp Xj^ D^Ž De°ahh5 8aSh Z DhDhWj FhUŽ ?D d5 Th k 5 ThW Jp b 8Sh5 DhDh WhWj FhUŽ Xp d5 ThDŽ] Y°^Yh^ Fh S^° Ih k D^ahh5 8aj 7Wp Vj^° Vj^° D° h5 d^Ž F: Z Xj^hRhWh D° h5 DhDhWp _haah k 5 k ] Dh^R W^ se U bheWh UŽD^hB a Ip 8Xdh5 ap^ LFPh Z XsShWh ^R XJŽ LFPSh UŽD^hBh5 iW Xë ^ŽSp Xj^hRhWj Dh:Ws ZNah^s Th] Sp hN° ?D ]a ThWj F^K d W^ 7_j? W^ se5U bhe k 5 Zj k 5 Wh DhDhWj liDh aVh^Ž WhEj Xqdh [pFh D^ah hN° XpNh DhDhBh5Tj ?D k ] DhDhWp Wj ]h 7Wp Sp k 5 aVh^h k 5 Dh DZ^Wj U° E^° E D^ah k 5 XR e k5 Page 111 of
  • 281. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DhDhWj liDh Z DhDhWp 8 aW hN° Wjahh5 8aSh 7Wp DhDhWp e d5dh^ W ]hF D^as XPSs a`S^h5 DhDhWp Ehah k 5 7Wp DXPh5 `Sh Z XR ah Sah5 d5bsVWDh^sWh De°ah hRp 9iSehd Fahe k Jp D° :hbheŽ d Uh]h5 DhaS^hB 7Wp D NWs 7 lN DUŽ dh S W Th] Spas l` DhDhWj FhUŽ Jp Z XqdhWh Ks^° DhDhWj ShDhS aVSj F: XsShWp V½ k k 7Wp X5TWs da¿dah½ hWah _h ]h Xj^hRhWh DhDhBWj ]hUŽ bhRh k ^ se U W k
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  • 290. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ‡se U bheŽ k _h k ^ehW l^Ž ‡K ^R k ‡DZ^ ZehU^ ^ Y° ^Wj Zh k h5 k ‡7 k se U bheŽ j^h5 ‡K ^R ‡DZ^ Xj^hRh ‡se U bhe ‡K ^R ‡DZ^ 7eUWF^ ‡se U YhUŽ_ ‡K ^R ‡DZ^ Ih5XhWp^ ‡dq ]U b^ŽY ‡K ^R WK )HE 8F` k B« ‡DZ^ ‡ZU k ŽW ZPh i]h5 ‡K ^R ‡DZ^ ‡ZhD^ 7_j ‡K ^R ‡DZ^ ‡XpQŽWs S ‡ZhD^ 7_jWs Ds: ah^dUh^ WesSs SpB ; V˜Dh^Ž Wjah aF^ k K^Ž F]h k k ;X^ KRh ]h KZ d5bsVWDh^sWh Osd ^hahBWh 8Vh^° Zeh^ XP°_s d5bsVWWs iW Dc½ ;X^Tj Rah `p Jp D° k :h bheWj FhUŽWs S T: F]s Jp SpWs ZjKs S_Z ? Th] D° dSX5TjB ia Wh 7aSh^Wj 7E5P ^° EhWp hWp Jp Sp l^Ž T: F: Xj^hRh dSX5TWh eˆ^a5bWs S T: F]s Jp W V GRh dSX5Tj [h:B 8 ahSTj 7 R Jp 7Wp ?D dq ]U b k ŽW EhDŽ XsShWp d U WbjW S^ŽD° B`Ehap Jp 7Wp XsShWp :h bheWj FhUŽWs ah^dUh^ esahWs Uhas D^° Jp SpWp E Z5U D^ŽWp hWp Jp dSX5T V½ k id h5S hRp 8 dq ]U ?N° _ aSs :h 7Wp 7_j ia Ws Uds 7aSh^ Jp U]h 8ap Jp D° GRh dSX5TjB 7ìhWShWh Dh^Rp 8 5k hWp Jp Page 114 of
  • 291. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Was id h5S [s D^ahh5 8 ]s Z W eˆ^a5bWs S T]s esah JSh5 7b^Y bhe dq ]UWp _:Wp ?D Was ˆU_I X id h5S [s D^ahh5 8 ]s Jp ? ahS hRp ˆe„ k B X^ 7 ]hIh^ D^Wh^s k ]hS 7Wp ^ d_hW ^h C^5 FLpZp k hRjS D ¿ k D° 7b^Y bhe Zhah :h bheWj FhUŽWs ; ^hiVDh^Ž Jp Z 8 ]½Wj ahS Jp D° 7 D _sDs 8 ahSWp dhIj hWp Jp 7Wp :h bheWj FhUŽWh UhapUh^ b k ŽW k EhDŽWp hWp Jp Z eh_h5 Sh z{xzzxyxTj b k ŽW ZhahWh UŽD^h d_h; ŽW Zhah EhDŽ XsSp d U WbjW esahWs Uhas D^° Jp Z eˆ^a5bWh ; ^hiVDh^Ž dq ]UWs ?as Ih^ ^ s Jp D° FhUŽXiS dq ]U ibah] Ds: XR 7 ] d ]UsWp hWah Wˆe XJŽ [_p eˆ^a5bWh dq ]UWs dFs [h: Dh5 W es] :hbheWj XpQŽ Ubh½a k5 ib_h _pE 7Fh; KRhap_ XpQŽWj ]hUŽ 7Wp 8 _pEh5 TsPsK Y^D Jp Page 115 of
  • 292. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iS W D J DPah XhNŽUh^ DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iS 7Wp SpWj Xj^hRh dSX5T X^ 7d^ DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ DDXh ìhiS 7Wp Xj^hRh dSX5T a Ip d5ZV 5 W Z DDXh ìhiS 7Wp Xj^hRh dSX5T a Ip Ehd d5ZV Jp 5 Z 7Fh;Wj _h:Ph5 8Xp Ks k 5 D° Xj^hRh X5TjBh5 sNŽ Z kSj V^haSs aF½ DDXh ìhiSWs Jp Z ?N_p ah[hiaD Jp D° DDXh ìhiSWh _sDsWj VhiD 8 Th iaIh^s 7Wp ˆ ]hBWj Xj^hRh dSX5T ;X^ 7d^ XP° Z eap XJŽWj _h:Psh5 Ks k 5 D° D° ah iaX^ŽS 7Wp U]Wj] 7a Thh5 DDXhìhiSh5 ac½ yzx Tj y~x a Ip h5iS d ½ : 7Wp SpWj Xj^hRh dSX5T X^ D° aj 7d^ T: Page 116 of
  • 293. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ :h bheWj dY`Sh XhJ`Wh Z :h bheWj dY`Sh XhJ` k 5 k ] Dh^Rs W k ] Dh^R e k 5 D° :h bhe I Dh^ D^ahh5 Z k iW R eSh k Z SpWj I Dh^ D^Ž bDahWj bŠ SWh Dh^Rp DhbjWj ]h h? WjD`p _h ?D d5GWp Dhbj ia WhTWh Ub½W e ^s ˆD_sjN^ l ^ Xj^hRhh5K D^haj UŽVh 7Wp SpWp Dhbj Kah W UŽVh 8 ahSWh _jVp _sDsWj Xˆ^D XWh SpWh X^ Dch½ : 7Wp SpB :h bheWh I Dh^Ž bŠ SWp hWah _h ]h Z Zj ahSh½ ?aj Jp D° R a^dTj dSS k Dh` XPahWh Dh^Rp hdp_h Ep Ss :h bhe Xhdp UU h5Fah F]h 7Wp :h l l bhe° ach½ U D^h ]s F^ŽZ Ep SsWp 8 ahSWs I Dh^ _h ]s 7Wp :h bheWp hWah _h ]h Z k GRj WhWj sNŽ I Dh^Wj ahSs Ih_p Jp 7 D ahSs FjWhWh5 XR Jp Y S 7[R F^ŽZ 7ìhW 7Wp V hh5 l Zp_h aF½Wh _sDsWj D XWhWp 8Dc˜ bD° Z ?D aES _sDs SpRp hWah _h ]h ?N_p :h bhe° Vj^° Tj ib]h Šk _WWs ?D X5T dSX5TWp D‡_ FWs dhIs ˆe„ k k V½ S^ŽD° SpWj dhp ^ k D] Z k [RS^Ws 7[ha F^ŽZj 7Wp 7ìhWShWj dhTp :h bheWs ;X^ KRhap_ hRpWs I Dh^ ah`h dh^h 7 [aWh _jVp _sDsWj b5Dh D^ahWj bŠ S Ih_j F: 7Wp _sDs? :h bhe X^ Via hd ðs k ^ŽSTj :h bhe? ˆe„ k S as [^° _s dSX5T V½ _sDs dhp k S D] SpWh Dh^Rp _sDs? SpRp S^SK 7XWhaj _jVs DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ dSX5TWs FjDh^ W Z k ah^ Sh yyxy}{| Wh DPah XhNŽUh^ DXh ìhiSWh 8 ìhiSWp DRZj D° k RZj S^ŽD° XR B`Eh] Jp 7 D _sDs? :h bheWs V½ dSX5TWs FjDh^ D] k Z 8 _sDs? dSX5T V½ ajDh^ŽWp k Wh k d_hW ZWj F]h eSh Z 8 XR k k KWh d5 he_] PXVXHP
  • 294. h5 Wh DRZjWj liS Jp Z Sp Dh`h5 DXhìhiS e°dhRh _hh5 LhWj 8d Xhd a Sj eSj Z Vj^° Vj^° ìhiSWh 7 ] ˆe„ k d ]sWp SpWh dSX5Tj[h:BWh k d_hWj V½Wj R T: Page 117 of
  • 295. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ D Jh5 T`h5S^ W Z k _sDsWp K]h^° dSX5T V½ ?D d_hWj V½ Jp ?aj EZ^ XPŽ ]h^° dSX5T Xh`Sh _sDsWs ìhiS? Zˆe Dh^ D] 8Wh Dh^Rp dSX5TjXBWp SpWs U° b e°dhRh JsPŽWp D J S^Y X_h]W D^ k5 XP 5k Z e°dhRh ah5 Y` kX U° bWp JsPŽWp D J ah5 Eh [O U° bh5 K:Wp ad k5 D: de° k5 Dh Wes k5 D J k ah5 Eh ^R 7Wp k Dh` ah5 U° bh5 EpSj D^aj ? ?D Ep lSWp hN° k a W aj ahS Jp k Z D Jh5 8 ]h XJŽ SpB Xe°_h5 [Ih;Wj Zh k h5 idD^h Fhh5 8ajWp a ]h Z D Jh5 8ajWp adahNWh Dh^Rp SpRp D J DPah XhNŽUh^ Wj Waj B`E `Ž 8 }xx ac½ XJŽ k XR 8 ìhiSWh G^h5 K^hSj [hch Zs_h] Jp 8 XR sNh [hFWh _sDsWp D JŽ [hch WTj 8aPSj Z 5 k ;X^ KRhap_ eDŽDS d kTj sNs d S Jp D° D J DPah XhNŽUh^ ìhiS k K^hSTj D Jh5 8ajWp adj DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ ˆe„ k ^ŽS ^ŽahK 7Wp ˆ ]hB 5k Xh_W W Z k sWh d_hWWj B`E V^hajWp GRh D O apOŽWp D J ah5 l F½ U° bh5 a ]h XR SpB e5pbh ? k5 hWSh eSh D° SpB dhIh ˆe„ k Jp Z D° W dKSh! SpWh ^ŽS ^ŽahKs 7Wp ˆ ]hB ˆe„ k B aj eSj _ W 7Wp ^RWj ˆ ]hB XR ˆe„ k BWh5 ajK eSj Sh yxyy~ Vj ˆUah`Ž Wa^h j Fs k ` 8O ah5 ]seh^s XR k WhaSh Z :h bheWh a5bK dq ]UsWp l ] FRSh Uds U 7Wp _hFh 8XSh 7Wp ðh^° DK Xj^hRhWj ]h h D^Sh e Vj SpWh ibah] SpWhh5 d_hWsWh Ds: ^ŽahK k ]h WesSh k k Z ìhiS 7[R F^ŽZ 7ìhWj 7Wp ˆe„ k 7Wp dSX5T V½Tj 7 R esahWh Dh^Rp dq ]UsWh5 s‡ED lIWhB hWah ibah] Ds: ;Xh] WesSs 8Wh Dh^Rp SpWj EsNŽ h ]ShB X`hSj ^eŽ Page 118 of
  • 296. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ DDXh ìhiS 5k ia h WhD^hRjWp 8Xp 5 k aIW
  • 297. W Z DDXh ìhiSWh FpQ°^h 7Wp 8FpahW j ia hZhXh WhD^hRj D JWj djhWj Zh k h5 8ap k5 ´ibD^hµ Fhh5 8 ]h Sp aESp DDXhìhiS k 5 TD ibD^h Fh e k5 D JWh U^Wh Fhsh5 e ìhiS ?N° _j ZVj Y°_h]_j WesSj Z ia h ZhXh DDXh dhKWh FpQ°^h eSh5 7Es DDXh dhK SpWp hWSs eSs Z da5S Wh ?N_p ac½ h5 SpB h5Uh XPÈh 7Wp Jp _j GPŽ 8aj F: Z XR SpWs a WesSs KSs SPYˆP]h5 h^Sh eSh ?N_p SpWp lJ k5 D° ZhXh Sh^Ž : Jh k 5 Jp ! Sh^Ž dUFiS D° WTj TSj! DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ DDXh ìhiS 5k ia h WhD^hRjWp 8Xp 5 k aIW
  • 298. W Z ZhXh? D 5k D° 8XRp sNŽ l_ D^ŽWp :h bheWp hWSh hWj F]h JŽ? ?D d_hWWp V½ k k ZWhaj UŽVh l [h½ ]ab eap Xh Ss a`Ž bDh] SpSs WTj XR Ks k 5 8XRWp ˆe„ k ZWjWp ^e° k5 es] Ss Wp Zp aIW 8Xs Sp ðh^° ] Fs k ‡` k5 Wˆe JsPs SpWh Dh^Rp DDXh ìhiSh5 e5bh m R [FahWWs p K h Oj ; da WhaSh 8 ]h Jp dq ]Us EhWh5 Wj U^ K h Oj Whaah W 8XSh5 ?N_p EhWh5Wj Ih_jh K h Oj WhaahWs ˆ^ahK T: F]s d_hWsWp DDXh ìhiS S^Sj Ds hWp Jp ?N_p S^Sj Ds k5 ^h5Vp k5 W EhKs k X^hNŽ WsW apK W EhSh ?D Šk _ V½ Xh`ah JSh5 8K Vj DDXh ìhiS WsW k apK WTj EhSj k Z ;X^ KRh ]h hRp ZhXhWp 8Xp_ Zp aIWsWp DDXh ìhiS 8K Vj Xh`Sj 8aj Jp 7Wp SpWh5 Dh^Rp dq ]Us _hE Dsibb D^ah JSh5 8 ìhiSWh EhWXhWWp N W D^Ž bðh Page 119 of
  • 299. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ D°b^h X^p ^hWs Z`as W Z Sh yxyy~ 7Wp k ah^Wh ? @iSehidD GNWh T9 h5 [ia ]Wj h5iS k 5 ZjK ^sXh k5 Z Sp aESWh Xj^hRhWh DhDh hF 7Wp dq ]U ah_jj]h? WE hRhh5 ìhiS X5IWj ?D d[h Zs_haj Z SpWj ehK^Žh5 ìhiSWh5 h R 7Wp aeŽa5IhWp ^ U° ahh5 8aj 7Wp SpWh X^ iSZ5V k Dahh5 8 ]s Z ìhiSWp SpWh ˆe„ k l`h5Tj ;EpPŽ WhEahWs ]hd eSs Wh Xˆ^Rhp ìhiSWp d_hW k ZWhaah k 5 X5I e k5 Dh^R D° [h^SWj aR½ ]a Thh5 ]Š SFS Vh½ S^R dY` W Th] ìhiSWs V½ ZU_p SsK Sp dY` T: bD° DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ ìhiSh5 Xe°_j N W Z k ìhiSWh 8FpahW B Wp h FhWh Ej XR eSh Sp j D°b^h Sp dh5E_h D°b^h X^pba^hWp 8 X5IWj F5V XPŽ F: ?K d[hh5 SpRp Sp O^haWs ia^sV D] Z k XR Sp O^haWp 7NDhaj bD° SpN_s SpWp dhT W ]s ?N_p SpWh 7 D dhTjUh^sWp _:Wp d[hWs Zˆe Dh^ D] Z XsShWh Fhh5 K:Wp SpRp FhWh _sDsWp dq ]Us 7Wp DhDhWh ^Ip_h X5IWj eDŽDS d aj Z k ahj Wh^h]R d5 Uh]Wh dh Wh [hah5 8ajWp Sp FhsWh _sDs? dh ˆk eD ^ŽSp ˆe„ k V½Ws ahj Wh^h]R d5 Uh]Ws FjDh^ D] Z [_p D°b^h X^p ^hWj dhTp WhWj d5 ]hh5 hRds eSh XR 8 GNWhTj _sDsWh Wh5 dSX5TWs ˆe„ k esahWh Uhah X^ b5Dh Dh] hN° Zpdj F: Z l [h½ ]ab ìhiSWh 7 ] d ]s Xj^hRh dSX5TWp Xh`Sh ^ h dq ]UsWp l ] FRSh 7Wp SpWp V½ k k SpK 8 h‰ D k k hWSh ^ h Page 120 of
  • 300. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ ehW WpSh Wh^h]R ^h _ ZhRjWs K W Z ìhiSh5 dq ]UsWh 8FWWp [ FRh 5k 7 ]h]jB dq ]UsWh 8FWWp sNŽ d5 ]hh5 `ŽWp WhaSh 7Wp SpWp Xqdh k k 7Wp Zj DŽSj a kB [pN 8XSh dq ]UsWh OhWp dhU hWSh 7Wp 7 ]h]jBh5 ZhNahh5 8aSs k Z dq ]Us JsD^h5Wp [RhaahWj Wh XPSh dq ]UsWp V½ k k hWSh ?N_p _sDs SpWj ahSs X^ V`s ia hd ^hESh 7Wp SpWj ahSsWp Xh`Sh Z 7ìhWShWj dhTp Ds:XR d5KsFsh5 Uds U 7Wp _hFhB 8XahWj K l^Ž eSj k 6Esh5 aVh^s D^ah hN° D Jh5 ah^° FPŽ]p XPSh k Dh`s Ss eShK _sDsWj eh_S Wa^sTj XR E^hZ eSj Z 8ah U]Wj] 7Wp E^hZ Xˆ^Š TiSh5 D°b^h X^p ^hWh Z`ahWh yx€ a^d XJŽ Sh zz}y€€{Wh5 ^s ìhiSWh ehW WpSh j Wh^h]R ^h _ ZhRjWs K Fh ia^hRj sNŽh5 T]s Z Wh^h]R ^h _ ZhRj? SpWh iXShWj U° E ^° E e°O` Xh5Ij Vs^R k VjWs 7 ]hd k ^s D] Sp aESp Xh5Ih5 Vs^R k Vj [Rp_h 8Ej ìhiSh5 Y S Zj Ih^ KRK eSh DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ iWRh½]D GPŽ
  • 301. W Z SpWh iXShWj Wh^h]R ^h XR ?D k b` DhW ZWhahWh O°D°Uh^ 7Wp Dh^ŽF^ eSh V5Vhh5 XsSh k 5 ˆD S 7Khah SpB ac½ yxzh5 Z: 8 ]h 7Wp Sph5 SpWp k5 k Z dY`Sh XR `Ž Z ]h^° ac½ yx€h5 SpWh aWh5 ?aj GNWh GNŽ D° SpWh TDŽ Sp k 5 aW dUh] hN° ZU_j F k5 8 GNWhWj ìhiS X^ XR Dh]j 7d^ T: Z ?D ˆUad G^ ZWhaahWh Wah O°Dh hN° bpO j D°ba Uh Wp ]h d5KsFabhS 8 bpO XR D JWh aSWj eSh 7Wp SpB [hˆN]h ìhiSWh eSh Z j D°ba Uh ? DhW ZWhahWs O°DsSs Wh^h]R ^h Wp 8 ]s XR SpWp ?D ahS DeŽ WhTj Wh^h]R ZhXh k 5 aW ZU_h: F k5 Page 121 of
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  • 303. W Z SpRp D JŽ [hchh5 DNhë D^Sh D 5k D° ´? U° Eh]Jp ˆe„ k ah XR V½h5 Ss ? DhY^ Jp ² W : ˆe„ k 7Wp W : d_hW 8_sDsh5 ^° ]h^° UhN° 7Wp X^Rp ]h^° k 8 XP° ´ k Z 8 ahS d5[h`ŽWp Wh^h]R ZhXhWp Rp LNDs _h ]s 7Wp ‡I„SW D^ah _h ]h D° ˆe„ k esah JSh5 h^Ž ìhiSWh V½ k 5 8 k5 7XhW D°! k5 h^Ž ìhiS ˆe„ k WTj! Z d Ih: RahWj ‰KìhdhWh Dh^Rp SpB d ]Wj EsK D^ah WjD ]h Z ˆe„ k V½Wh GRh 8FpahWsWp ]h 7Wp dhIs ˆe„ k V½ k5 Jp Sp k5 SpRp ? XR k5 D° Xj^hRh dSX5T ? ˆe„ k BWp aN_hajWp d_hW ZWhaah hN° Sq]h^ D^° _s ?D k ]a Th Xp X5I Jp h5 7 ]h]jBWj 7ìhWShWs _h[ _:Wp XsSp dhIs ˆe„ k V½ k X`p Jp Sp k5 Es k 5 OdhajWp d_hW V½ Xh`Sh D^Ž U° k5 k DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ dSX5T V½ 5k ìhW _j k5 W k Z _h5Zh d] Vj dSS e°WS D]h½ ZhU Wh^h]R ZhXh? dSX5T V½Wh ìhW X^ eh^T eh5d_ D^Ž _jVs Z SpWh ìhW k 5 S^ ?N k5 ; I e k5 D° 8F` KSh5 SpWp ?D k SD Zeh^ XhP k 5 k 5 Wh Xj^hRh dSX5TWj Xs_ 7Wp d ]Ws Dhb e k5 Xj^hRh dSX5TWh Xh [pU Zeh^Ž k iW]h dhp D k5 8 Xe° k k SD e k5 k Z 8 XR 8 iac]Wh ]hS _pEDs 7Wp ia hWs 8 k SDWs d5U[½ _pSh es] Jp Page 122 of
  • 304. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ h5iSWj b 8S W Z dSX5T V½ k5 ìhW _jVh XJŽ Wh^h]R ZhXh SpWh dhTjU^s 7Wp i s dhTp IIh½ D^ah _h ]h 7Wp SpWh iaIh^sWp _sDsWs N° Ds `ah _h ]s Z Sh x|x~yx€Wh5 SpWh  i s dhTp ZD° ^Wj Xia 5 lih5 U° b k D^hajWp KWs: Vh^R D^ŽWp dWhSW ˆe„ k V½Ws FjDh^ D] Z b 8Sh5 WhWj d[hB [^ah _h ]h 7Wp Sph5 dSX5TWj d Ih: _sDs dhp k DSh GRh _sDs SpWj ahSsTj [hiaS T]h 7Wp SpWh iaIh^s k5 dT½W D^ah _h ]h Z K]h^° ìhiSWh _sDsWp EZ^ XPSj D° V½ SpB Xh`p Jp Sp D: ˆe„ k V½ WTj ]h^° _sDsWp sNs 8GhS _hFSs Z Vj^° Vj^° _sDsWs dhT `Ss F]s 7Wp _sDs ˆe„ k V½ FjDh^ D^ahWj Sq]h^Ž ZShaSh F]h Z SpRp d5 lR½ ia[hKW Wj ^RWjiS 7XWhaj dSX5TjBWh XPJh]hTj XR Ds: d5ZV W ^hEahWh ˆeh]Sj eSh 5 DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ _h5Zh d] hN° dY`Sh Lj_aj W bDh: W Z SpRp 7‡[]hW ac½ yx€h5 b D ¿ k 7Wp yzxWh Uh]DhWh b 8Sh5 ibE^ k Vj Xse 5k Z Sp d]p Wh^h]R ZhXh 7Wp SpWh KRh ehT dhW j ^SWbj Ej EpShRjWj dhTp `ŽWp SpB? GRh Fhsh5 d[hB D^Ž SpB R KFj ìhiS d5p_W lR½ D^ahh5 XR dY` ^ h 5 Z k ?Wj d[hBh5 Xj^hRh dSX5TWp dUh] hN° ]hFahWh O^has dah½ Sp Xdh^ D^ahh5 8aSh Z GRh Xˆ^ah^s? dWhSW ˆe„ k V½Ws FjDh^ XR D] Z XR b 8SWj dY`Sh Vj^° Vj^° O5PŽ XPah _hFj Z _sDs? Wh^h]R ZhXhWh [hah5 8ajWp ˆe„ k V½ ajDh] eSs SpB XhJh Xj^hRh dSX5TWs FjDh^ D^ah _h ]h Wh^h]R ZhXh 7Wp SpWh 7‡[]hW hN° 8 Z k sNs Vïs eSs Page 123 of
  • 305. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ iW Y`ShWh Dh^Rs ²
  • 306. W Z ia WWh Zp k ] Dh^Rs eSh _sDs? ˆe„ k V½ ajDh] eSs SpBWp dSX5TjB h^h S^SK ìhiS Zeh^ lDahh5 8aSh ìhiSh5 dSX5TjB sNŽ Z kSjh5 eSh • ìhiS Zeh^ D^° _h _sDsWp ]aehˆ^D 7PIRs Tah _Fj Dh^RD° SpWh dFh5 d5ZVjB 5 Xj^hRh dSX5TjB eSh dFh5 d5ZVjB h^h SpBX^ UZhR Dahh5 8a k5 7Wp Sp k5 5 k ^sKZ^sKWh aWh5 SpWp dShaahWh ] Ws TSh Sp k5 aW Z k D° _jh5 lDŽ k U° ahh5 8a k5 Wh^h]R ZhXh 8]½ V½Wh ˆeh]Sj eSh 8]½ V½Wp IsEh ˆe„ k V½ k5 ?D Yh k5 FRh] Jp k 8KWh Fh5 [Rp_h aF½Wp XR 8]½ V½Wj ˆ ]hB Xh`aj 7G^Ž _hFp Jp DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ iW Y`ShWh Dh^Rs ²
  • 307. W Z dDPs ac Tj ˆe„ k aTj ia E ^e°ahWh Dh^Rp ìhiS ˆe„ k V½Wh k l ]s 7Wp id h5Ss l_j k DŽ eSj SpajK ^ŽSp ^sKZ^sKWj ˆ ]hB XR l_j F: eSj Z Xˆ^Š TiS ?aj eSj D° Rp ?D Zh`5ˆU^Wh ia hT˜Wp yxh5 Vs^Rh5 [^Sj k D] es] ah[hiaD Jp D° 8ah d5KsFsh5 ia hT˜ Kah: ] 7Wp 7 ]hdh5 Sp k 5 W W _hFp Jp _p [Rah k 5 JsPŽ U° Z ?N_p Wah iWbh‡`]hWh Xp Sh ZWp_h ˆe„ k BWp ˆe„ k V½Ws ?D k S X5T X`haahh5 iW Y` ^ h Page 124 of
  • 308. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ Wh^h]R ZhXhWh ] Ws iW^T½D W F]h W Z Xˆ^Š TiS ˆUadp ˆUad ZFPSj F: Wh^h]R ZhXhWh G^° ^sK dah^ TSj 7Wp dhUPŽ [^hSj _sDs XhGPŽ ;Sh^ŽWp ZhXhWh XFh5 DŽWp De°Sh D° 7h^hTj 8 V½ ˆe„ k Wˆe X`h] ZhXhWh dhTjUh^s k XR BJh Tah _h ]h Z Wh^h]R ZhXh 7Wp SpWh dhTjUh^sWp Z k sNs 8GhS _h ]s WhTj SpB ðh^° ] Zeh^ W 8aj bðh Z ìhiSWp XhJh ˆe„ k V½h5 _haahh5 ZhXh dY` W T]h Z XR ZhXhWj e°WS d5 lR½ ^ŽSp iW^T½D W F: ìhiSWp SpWs dhIs V½ d : F]s ìhiSh5 im S SpB _9 8 ]h eSh SpWh Dh^Rp ?N_jSs ‡IWFh^Ž ; X T9 D° 8F` KSh5 Zj _sDs ? ‡IWFh^ŽWj UUTj dhKh5 V½ h5iSWj ah`h _FhPŽ bðh DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ BVa^h eh^hK 5k 8FW W Z 8ah d5KsFsh5 ?D dhIh d5S j BVa^h eh^hK k 5 ìhiSWh ˆeShT± 8FW T k5 Wh^h]R ZhXhWh KRh ehT dhW FRhSh ia^hRj sNŽ FhWh Zj ehW aj^ j ^SWbj Ej EpShRj dhTp SpWs [pNs T]s Z Wh^h]R ZhXh 7Wp SpWh dhTjUh^sWj Dh]½ Rh_jWj dKR _jVh XJŽ BVa^h eh^h ^SWbj ZhXhWp dU[haWh Wj ^he^RWjiS ZShaj Z dSX5TjBTj l ^ ^e°ahWh ZU_p dSX5TjB dhTp d5XD½ ZWhaj SpWp pTj SahWj ^RWjiS ZWhaj eSj d] KSh5 8 ^RWjiS Z k Dh^F^ dh‡ZS T: Z 8 ^RWjiS? ik Wi S D ¿ k D° _sDs Xj^hRh dSX5TWj ZpPŽBTj 8LhU T:Wp epb hN° ˆe„ k V½Ws FjDh^ D^Ž bD° 7Wp Vh½ S^Wj Ž]h Z k de°_j D^ahh5 8aj Page 125 of
  • 309. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ dU[haWh ^RWjiSWj dY`Sh W Z k k S 7 [aTj sNs Ds: XR 7 [a W es: bD° K]h^° ^SWbj ZhXh? BVa^h eh^h ZShap_j ^RWjiS SpWh XsShWh G^h5 ahX^ŽWp SpWh [h:BWh Xˆ^ah^Wp dWhSW V½ 7XWhah hN° ^h D^Ž _jVh ]h^° SpWp BVa^h l eh^hK hN° 7 N h 7Wp ia hd ]s Z SpWj ^RWjiS Dh^F^Ss eSjK XR dhTp Wh^h]R ZhXhWj d5 lR½ ia[hKWWj ^RWjiSWj EhjBTj XjPhSj WesSj Z dSX5TjBTj l ^ ^e°ahWh ZU_p SpWp hW 8Xj SpWh dhTp d5XD½ `ajWp SpWp dWhSW V½ 7XWhah hN° ^h D]h½ Z ^SWbj ZhXh 7Wp SpWh dhTjUh^s BVa^h eh^hK dhTp `ŽWp Fhp Fh Y]h½ 7Wp 7F‡RS d[hB D^ŽWp _sDsWp dWhSW ˆe„ k V½ 7XWhah hN° ^h D]h½ Z Xj^hRh dSX5T dhKTj k Uh T:Wp ^SWbj ZhXh 7Wp SpWh dhTjUh^s? Waj /D J DPah XhNŽUh^ dhK ;[j D^Ž dWhSWjB ˆe„ k B Wj D°Œ ] dhK eSj DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ _ jWh^h]R 5ˆU^s Z5Vh]h W Z [ia ]h5 _sDs XhJh dSX5T V½ S^Y W a`p Sp ik Wi S D^ah hN° VhiD 7Wp dhh D h` k5 ; k5 D^ahWj K ^ KRh: D° 5ˆU^s 7Wp dhK ahPŽB Z 8 ahS k5 e a d Wp BVa^h eh^h U° d_X^ ah5Qh]h5 DPah XhNŽUh^sWh k `U° aj ;i]h hSh k5 5ˆU^ Zh5Vahh5 Z FS ^d _jVs k Z XR e ìhiSWp SpWh 8^h ] U° a WesSh ]h Xj^hRh dSX5T V½Wh Dh^Rp ìhiS SpWh l` 8^h ] U° aWp l_j F: eSj BVa^h eh^h l ^5U°bj ahX^ŽWp ìhiSWp _ jWh^h]R [FahW S^ŽD° 8^h ] U° a I ]h SpWh Dh^Rp ìhiSWp ˆe„ k S^ŽD°Wj 8Faj B`E `Ž 7Wp Sp B`E 8K ˆUad k k Vj Dh] ^eŽ Z ^SWbj ZhXh? D JWh DDXh ìhiSWh Uh S N_h5 Fhsh5 K:Wp _ jWh^h]R 5ˆU^Wj ThXWh D^Ž Z ^SWbj ZhXhWh 8ah ]hdsWh Dh^Rp ˆe„ k B k5 WsZ` K lS T k5 7Wp _sDsWs dhT `Ss F] Page 126 of
  • 310. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ BVa^h eh^hKWs W [ha 7Wp ^SWbj ZhXhWj _hFRj [^Ž ehD_ Z ^SWbj ZhXh _hFRj []h½ [hcR hN° ]hS eSh SpWh [hcRsTj _sDsWh ˆU_ Sj _pSh 7Wp _hFRjTj _sDs ^Pah _FSh SpWp dhT `Ss BVa^h eh^hKWh [haWs BVa^h eh^hK SpWh [hcRs h^h sShB X^ ?as KZ^U S [ha JsPSh D° _sDs V½ Xˆ^aS½W D^Ž ˆe„ k ZWah hN° S^SK Sq]h^ T: KSh Z _sDs k5 ˆU_Tj Xˆ^aS½W T k5 e 5k Ds:? SpWh X^ Ks^ KZ^U Sj WesSj D^Ž Z la½KsWh dhIh 7Wp ehW ˆe„ k V½Wj RahWj dhTp SpWh Zp ehW 7Wp _sDi ] WpShB X^ 7 N ia hdWh Dh^Rp l _sDsWh ˆU_ Sahh5 SpB dY` ^ h d^` VhiD ˆ ]hB 7XWhaj Z ;X^ KRhap_ k hBWj dhTp dhTp d^` 7Wp Xh`ah _h]D VhiD ˆ ]hB 7XWhaahWh Dh^Rp _sDs d k_j] 7 [aah k _h ]h _sDsWp BVa^h eh^h ^ k D^° _s ˆe„ k V½ Xh`ahh5 7Wp dKahh5 Z k de°_s 7Wp ae°ahˆ^D _h ]s Z Wah V½ ˆe„ k V½h5 ìhiSWp Xh]h_ D^Ž U° Sh Uds U 7Wp 7 ] VhiD _hFhB [^ahWj Ds: K ^Ž WesSj Z VhiD D^ [^ahWj Y^Kh5Tj 8 UŽ `Ž F: _sDs k k b bh_ T: F]h SpWj bjWs Ds: hX W ^ s 7Wp ˆe„ k V½ k 7XWhah _h ]h DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ ìhiSWs V½ Xˆ^aS½W W Z ˆe„ k V½h5 Uds U 7Wp _hFhB [^ahWj F^K W esahWh Dh^Rp ìhiSWj LPXj FiS T: _sDsWj 8iTD FiSWj dhTp SpWj DhRjh5 Z^DS Tah _hFj Z k yzxWh Uh]DhWh ]h5 dWhShWjBWj D° j] dhKWj ^IWh T: eSj Sp dhK Z dh^Ž ^ŽSp Dh D^Sj eSj 8 d5 Th dWhShWjBWh ˆeS hN° ZWhahh5 8aj eSj 7Wp Vj^° Vj^° Xj^hRh dSX5T dhKTj? sNŽ dhK ZWj F: Z ?K d] U^ ]hW ^SWbjZhXh 7Wp SpWh dhTjUh^s ?D ik W]s‰KS ]sKWh k KZ FhWh 8FpahWsWp `ŽWp SpWh ˆU_ Sah k5 Dh U^s U^ Ih k ^h 5k Z TsPh d]h5K BVa^h eh^h ZShap_ ^RWjiS I Dh^ D^ah _hFj Z ?D d] ?as 8 ]s D° _F[F d5 lR½ ìhiS ˆe„ k BWj k ] Vh^hh5 KsPh: F]h Page 127 of
  • 311. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ DDXh ìhiSh5 h5iSWj 7d^ BXIhˆ^D 7Wp Dh]U° d^Wj d5 ThdhKWj ^IWh W Z BVa^h eh^hKWj p^Rh T: 7Wp XhJs ?as d] 8 ]s K]h^° dhKh5 D°`aRjWj 7 ]5S e h d : ia hT˜B hN° dh WE hRhh5 ?D sNŽ 7Wp 8_jbhW ZrˆP›F k _ Zh5Vj Z Waj D° j] dhK _F[F | Uh]Dh N_j lWj eSj Z k dh^h 7Wp 7d^Dh^D dhh D Dhs D^Sj eSj [ia ] k 5 ]hW ^hEjWp ac½ y~xh5 8 dhKWp ?D BXIhˆ^D 7Wp Dh]U° d^ k 5 X 8Xahh5 8 k5 8 8 dhKWp D J DPah XhNŽUh^ l dhK 5Dh5 DDXh S^ŽD° B`Eh] Jp k 5 XhJ`Tj Wh ZU_jWp 7‡E_ [h^Sj] l D J DPah XhNŽUh^ dhK 5Dh5 7[hDDXh D^ahh5 8 k5 Z ^SWbj ZhXhWh d5dF½Wh Dh^Rp SpWh dhTjUh^s Z k _sDi ] ZWj F]h eSh SpB? 8 Dh]U° DŽ] d5 ThWs Xh]s Wh ]s 7Wp Xe°_h NŽ 7Wp Dh^sZh^Ž d ]s Z ]h k [h½ ]ab Sp d]p ^SWbj ZhXhWj S‡Z]S dh^Ž WesSj ^e°Sj Z 8 l _Wh DhWh5 dhK k 5 D°Œ ] Dh]h½_] ^hEahh5 8 k5 8 XR Jp h5iS XJŽ XR D° dSX5T Ih ]s W Z Ds: XR dhVh^R ]Š SWh Wh5 ?D dah_ Tbp D° Ks dSX5T ˆe„ k V½ WTj 7Wp SpWh7 ]h]jBWp ˆe„ k V½ Xh`as eSs Ss XJŽ dSX5T dhTp D° NDŽ ^ h Jp ! k Z ]hW la½D ‡I„SW D^Ž? Ss 8Ws KahZ `bp k Z dSX5TWh 7 ]h]jBWp Zp k ] [hFh5 ZhNŽ bDh] RDh^ _sDs 8 _sDsWp EZ^ Jp D° dSX5T ˆe„ k V½ WTj XR V½h5 h esahWh Dh^Rp SpB ? V½ Xh`p Jp 7 R _sDs 8 _sDs dSX5TWj d Ih:Tj 7 R Jp ShˆD]hWj UUTj dSX5TWh WpShB? 8 _sDs X^ ? k5 OsDŽ ZpdhP k5 Jp D° Zj _sDsWj ahS W hWaj 7Wp Ehd D^ŽWp SpWh dWhSWj [h:BWj Ss WeŽK U]h 8ap Jp D° 8KWh 8 ik WD Fh5 XR k 8 _sDs Zpa lY ZWj ^ h Jp 7Wp lWj X^5 X^h Xh ]h ^hEp Jp Page 128 of
  • 312. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Xj^hRh dSX5Th5 7bh5iS W E^hZ Us^Tj K^ k5 Xj^hRh dSX5Th5 d ½: 7bh5iS k Xj^hRh dSX5Th5 7bh5iS FZPSj Xˆ^Š TiS W Z d k 8Sh5 Wh^h]R ZhXhWs _sDs ;X^ ˆe„ k V½Wh Whp Ps [ha 7Wp XhJ`Tj ^SWbj ZhXh h^h Dh^F^ 7Wp GhSD eh^sWh Dh^Rp Xj^hRh dSX5TWs k OhRhWh Xh]hX^ ZWp_s X hWs ˆD _s XPah _h ]s Z _sDsWp ZK dh^Ž ^ŽSp d : F k5 e k5 D° k V½ SpWp Xh`as eSs SpWj 8 k Zh k Xj^hRh dSX5T 8aSs K WesSs Z _sDsWp Fp^ ˆe„ k V½ Xh`ahh5 Ds: ^d WesSs k Z Xj^hRh dSX5TWh Xh [pUs _sDs dhp 8aj F]h eSh Xj^hRh dSX5TWh 7 ]h]jBWj d5 ]h K_UŽK_UŽ GNah _hFj SpB ˆe„ k V½ 7XWhah hN° hWidD ^ŽSp Sq]h^ T9 F]h eSh ^SWbj ZhXh 7Wp SpWh dhTjUh^sWh ]hdsh5 ^5 F U° Ehah _h ]s Page 129 of
  • 313. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Xj^hRh dSX5Th5 7bh5iS Sˆ^D _Ph:B DsN½ D°d ²
  • 314. W Z Sp Dh`h5 Xj^hRh dSX5TWj d5 Th iaahUs 7Wp Sˆ^D KFPhBTj Gp^h]_j eSj Z Ws ]hS DsN½ D°d Ws Xj^hRh dSX5T ;X^ 8Fhj 7Wp Dh]j 7d^ XPŽ 7Wp d5 ThWs aeŽaN D^ahWj ^ŽS Dh] hN° ZU_j F: 8 D°d dq ]Us 7Wp dSX5TWh k 7 ]h]jB DhDhWs dhT p`ajWp a Ip GRs _h5Zs Ih ]s Z Xj^hRhWj i_DS 7Wp Uds UWh Xqdh X^ eïWs iaahU eSs Z h5 K]h^° D°dWs iWR½] 8 ]s ]h^° DsN² ?D N ZWhaahWs Y°d_s 8 ]s 8 N k 5 Wh Jp Vj :h bhe Zhah ^sLh d5 ThW DjNŽ N 7Wp ^‰K N^ W5 :{€ Jp 8 XR 8 d5 Th Xj^hRhWj i_DSWj U° E^° E D^° Jp Z DhDhWh ?D_h ehTp TSh d5 ThWh d5Ih_Wh5 dq ]UsWp Xe°_s ae°_s Dh]U° d^ ^ŽSp NWh NŽ S^ŽD° [hF _pah ]s Xj^hRh dSX5Th5 7bh5iS Sˆ^D _Ph:B DsN½ D° d ²
  • 315. W Z NWh  NŽ DDXh ìhiSWh es] Jp 7Wp { dq ]Us es] Jp 7Wp Xj^hRhWh DhDh es hWj ? NWh Ip^W es] Jp Z dq ]hUsWh ehTp TSj DŽ]h½B hN° SpWp 8XahWh Xqdh WïŽ D^ahh5 8 ]h SpajK ^ŽSp VhiD d5Fsh5 dq ]UsWp 8XahWj [pN XR WïŽ D^ahh5 8aj Z eˆ^a5bWh FhUŽ XiS dq ]U ibah]Wh Xj^hRhWh dq ]Us 7Wp DhDh a Ip WhWh sNh LFPh Ih ShK ^ h k Z DhDh 7Wp dq ]Us a Ip ap^ KFPhWh Dh^Rp 7 ]h]jBWj d5 ]h GNSj F: SpWj Xs_ _sDsdhp 8aj F: eSj k K Dü^ahUŽ 7 ]h]jBK Z ]h eSh k Page 130 of
  • 316. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Xj^hRh dSX5Th5 7bh5iS d aW D^ahWh iW Y` ]hds
  • 317. W Z Xj^hRh dSX5Th5 U^s U^ KFPh Ih_Sh eSh ]h^° ?D K_h_bheŽ dq ]U Zhah 7eU 7_j EhDŽ? Xj^hRhWh des ]sWp Y^ŽTj _Eah k5 Dh b k D ¿k Z 7eU 7_j EhDŽ? :h bheWh a5bK 7b^Y bhe ZhahWh ah^dUh^ esahWs Uhas D] SpB :h bheWj FhUŽWh djVh ; ^hiVDh^Ž W esah JSh5 SpB? Xj^hRh dSX5TWh aSh :h [FahW k ia Ws yxs 7aSh^ esahWs XR Uhas D] Z k k [FahW ia Ws yxh 7aSh^Wh ah^dUh^Wp eˆ^a5bj S^ŽD° hWahh5 8ap Jp ?N_p 7 D dSX5TjB SpWp e^Ža5bj dq ]U S^ŽD° hWah _h ]h eSh Z Xj^hRh dSX5TWj FZPSj eh_STj SpB ahD°Y eSh 7Wp SpWh ;Xh]h5 SpB? ShˆD]hWs ]sF D^ah k5 b D SpB? dhˆe ]sh5Tj 7^Zj b Us DhQŽWp ˆe„ k b Us Dah k5 WïŽ D ¿k k ¿k Z apUs ^hRs k ^hW Zh:Z_ k5 k k 5 ìhW _j k5 7Wp d5 mS [hch X^ k a p`aj _j 5k Z SpB? GRj k SDs JhXj h5 dSX5TjB k5 Ud 7aSh^ Wh k5 k SD k ] Jp Xj^hRh dSX5Th5 7bh5iS d aW D^ahWh iW Y` ]hds
  • 318. W Z I ^h: ahX^ŽWp dSX5Tj Ud 7aSh^Wh 7^Zj b UsWh 7T½Wp ˆe„ k [h^Sj] [hchBh5 d k ]s Z k SDWh _pEWp K^hSj [hchh5 _sDs Ehd D^ŽWp DDXh ìhiS dë ?aj ^ŽSp ^ k D^ah k5 b D k ¿k Rp Sp k SDs dhIh ˆe„ k V½WhK es] 7Wp Sph5 e5U bp dY`Sh XR `Ž Z ?Wj U_j_ eSj D° [hch Y S ahS Xe IhPah k5 ?D h ] Jp [_p dhˆe ]sWh l`h5 7^Zj b Us ahX^ŽWp Sq]h^ D^ah 8 ]h es] XR SpB epbh ˆe„ k V½WhK dhˆe ]s Jp dhˆe ]sWh b Us k ZU_haSj aESp I ^h: ahX^ŽWp l` 9 _hj l ]s dhTp Ds: Jp PJhP WesSj D^Ž Z SpWh Ud 7aSh^h5 d5 mS _sDhWh EsNh 7T½GNW ^ k D]h½ 7Wp SpWh h^h 9 _hj l ]sWp k dhPahh5 8 ]h Z 9 _hj l ]sWp dhIaSs ?D UhE_h S^ŽD° SpWh k SDh5 SpB? Fh]Wj e ]hWp XR ahKZj FRahWj ˆe„S U° EhPŽ UŽVj k B Ft pV ]ì Ud 7aSh^Wh XhWh W5 {|€ Z SpWj GRj Dsibb D^ah5 JSh5 SpB dSX5TWp ˆe„ k V½ S^ŽD° EXhahh5 iW Y` ^ h SpB Y S kK k 7 ]h]jBWpK dhIaj bð Page 131 of
  • 319. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Xj^hRh dSX5Th5 7bh5iS
  • 320. DsN½ D°d W Z ac½ y{h5 ?D ZjKs DsN½ D°d UhE_ D^ahh5 8 ]s y{Wh DsN½ D°dh5 8Xp_ iWR½] ;X^ Y°^ ZU_ D^ah hN°Wj 7^ D^ahh5 8ap_ eSj Z dq ]Us? SpWp 7XhSh eïWh XqdhB 7Wp Zj _hFhBh5 aVh^s h5 ]s eSs Z SpB? DsN½ dhp ^ l8S D^Ž eSj D° :h bhe K Tj d_hW eSh 7Wp ]h½ ]h5 k k Vj k d_hW ^ h SpB ^sK WhL XPSh eSh 7Wp ðh^° ] ˆe„ k d5S WesSh Z SpWj dhp dSX5TjB ? ^ l8S D^Ž D° :h bhe iW D_5DŽ Wh^h]RWp hWSh eSh [FahW ia Ws yxs 7aSh^ Jp :h bheWh UŽD^h W^ se U bheWp 8UŽ ia k S^ŽD° 7Wp SpWj hShWp k 8U bŠ S S^ŽD° hWahh5 8ap Jp Z k 7 ]h]jB k KaRh5 XPŽ F]h 7Wp DsWj ahSWs [^sds D^as SpWj EZ^ WesSj XPSj Z k 7 ]h]jBWj d5 ]h []hWD S^° 8aj F: eSj 7Wp dhTp dhTp d5 ThWj 8iTD Xˆ^Š TiS XR Xh]h_ T: F: eSj WaiWiS ShˆD]h W D^dW DhDhWp FhUŽ X^ ZpdhPŽWp Xj^hRhWp d aW D^ahWh ]hds Page 132 of
  • 321. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ WaiWiS ShˆD]h W k O li %DFNJURXQG
  • 322. Z y{x 7Wp yx a IpWh TsPhK Uh]DhBh5 D JWh :h bheŽ XhNŽUh^sWj Z kSj V^haSh dSX5Tj Fhsh5 bhWUh^ Xˆ^aS½W T]h5 Z Fhp Fh X^5 X^hFS dSX5Tj k Wh EhWh BWj Zh k h5 Wah5 iW]iS ˆe„ k _ jWh^h]R 5ˆU^s Z5Vh]h Z d5 ]hh5 _sDs dSX5T JsPah _h ]h ? Xj^hRhWh D^She^ShB hN° Z k 5 sNŽ ‡I„ShWs iac] eSs Z 8 d]p d U WbjWWs Uhas D^Wh^ b k ŽW EhDŽ XsShWp Xj^ 7Wp Xh :hWs k ] 7iVDh^Ž esahWs Uhas D^Ss eSs SpWp XhJŽ ShˆD]hWj ^ŽS Xh`ah k5 b D^Ž UŽ k5 Z 8Fh; _h:P Tj h5 KRh ]h hRp dSX5TjBWp :h bheWs a5b k ^s T: F]s esahWj EZ^ WesSj Spah _sDs V ia hd ^hEjWp SpWp hWah _h ]h Z XsShWh XhNŽUh^ i sWj UU _:Wp XsShWh k Wh i XN° _ D^dW 7^KR Jh[q]hWp DhDh Wj FhUŽ X^ ZpdhPŽ UŽVh WaiWiS ShˆD]h WaiWiS ShˆD]h
  • 323. W Z dSX5T k5 7Š S a ES^hh5 Ks:Wp k Sj d Uh]Wh WpSh ?N_p k ] DhDh D° DZ^Wh k a^ D° ^Epah`p k d U WbjWWs Uhas D^Wh^ b k ŽW ZhahWh hF½Ub½W e°O` X5T k5 Zh eŽ k ahUŽ Vh^h D^ah k5 k b D ¿k Z 8Ws e° k ?N_sK eSs D° dSX5TWh 7 ]h]jBWp dWhSWj [h:BWj iW„Uh W deaj XP° 7Wp dSX5TWp k Šk _ V½ d Wp JsPŽWp F]p_h 7 ]h]jB XhJh dSX5Th5 a`p k Z 8Wh Dh^Rp k SjB XsShWj B`E ?D QŽahUŽ ˆe„ k S^ŽD° esahWs K S Uhas D^Ž bD° 7Wp k 9 _hWs Ds: [ha W esah k5 XR DeŽ bD° Z SpWh Wah Z5Vh]_h EhWhB Ws Dh^ XR ?D X^5 X^hFS ˆe„ k 5ˆU^sWh as 8Xahh5 8 ]s Sp EhWhBWh Wh ia Wh yxh5 7aSh^ 8Vhˆ^S iW D_5DŽ 5ˆU^ S^ŽD° ^hEahh5 8 ]h k Z SpajK ^ŽSp Xj^hRhWj U^Fhe k5 Wh ZU_jWp dhVj ^hEahh5 8 5k 7Wp Xj^hRhWp p^Rh XjO k5 Wh 8Xahh5 8 5k Page 133 of
  • 324. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ WaiWiS ShˆD]h WaiWiS ShˆD]h
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  • 326. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Y°^Yh^sWp D° aj ^ŽSp dKahh5 8 ]h W Z [hchSs Y S iaIh^s dKah k 5 ?D dhVW Jp ?as id h5S [s D^ahh5 8 ]s k k Z sNh [hFWh 7 ]h]jBWp 7^Zj [hchWp d_hWs dhTp KsP° Jp 7Wp SpWh5 Dh^Rp 7 ik aVh 7 [ap Jp 7Wp Zj Ds dhp 7^Zj [hchWh b Us V^haSh V½Wj ahSs k D^ahh5 b^h] Jp ?N_p 7^Zj b UsWp eNhajWp ˆe„ k [h^Sj] b Us lDŽ U° ah5h5 8 ]h k Jp Ks 8 ZU_has W D^S Ss sNh [hFWh 7 ]h]jB dSX5TWp JsPŽ U° S dSX5TWp XsdhSK Wˆe Z DsWj l D^s Js ? e a k 5 Jp W D° D: [hchh5 D^s Js iW D_5DŽ Wh^h]R Des D° 7_j Des Ds: Y^D XPSs WTj Z p 7 _heWh Wh Jp SpB ˆe„ k U° asWh Wh WTj 8aj ^ŽSp d ajWp 9 _hWh l` S asWp XhJ`Wh U^ah dPah k 5 ik Wi S D ¿ k Jp k Z 8aj ^ŽSp d ]h ZhU k Wh dSX5Tj Ks W d 7Wp lWj ahSs XDPŽ ^hEp Ss SpWp ?as KahZ 8Xahh5 8ap Jp D° Ks SWp ? _hF k5 es] D° l` b Us WesSh ZU_ah Ss l` k SDs ah5IahTj SWp DsR ^sD° Jp ! l` k SDs ah5IsWp WaiWiS ShˆD]h WaiWiS ShˆD]h
  • 327. W Z K^hSh5 ˆe„ k ^h Ž]ShWj [haWh K S esahWh Dh^Rp Xj^hRh X^5 X^hWp k k k ZIhaahWh e° Tj 8 Y°^ Yh^s D^ahh5 8 ]h Z 7Vj k S½ ^ŽSp D^° _h5 Y°^ Y^s ZU_has ShˆD]hWh Dh^Rp D^ahh5 8ap_ Z Sh Y°^Yh^sWh Dh^Rp ? k 5 Ksahh5 8 k 5 Jp D° dSX5Tj dhKWj Waj XpQŽ 8 Y°^Yh^sWp S^SK ajDh^Ž _p Jp SpWh Dh^Rp SpWh dWhSWj [h:B dhTp ?DSh 7Wp deDh^ `aj ^hEj bD° dhTpdhTp ˆe„ k ahUŽ Xˆ^Š TiSh5 ^heS 7 [aj k bD° Z 8Wh Xˆ^Rhp Wa k ahW aF½Wp 7d_j dSX5TWs 9 _h dhTp d5ZV Jp SpWhTj 5 Sp d5 lR½ ^ŽSp 7 R Jp Page 135 of
  • 328. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ WaiWiS ShˆD]h l` B`EWp NDhaaj ²
  • 329. W Z ï XRp ˆe„ k U° Eha 7XWhajWp dhˆe ]s 7Wp ˆ ]hBh5 Y°^ZU_ D^ah k 5 k ] Dh^R dSX5TWj 8Faj B`E NDhaj ^hEahWs ] W eSs Z b k ŽW EhDŽ? 8aj ^ŽSp ˆe„ k aWh ˆeh]SjB h^h TSj NŽDhWp 7NDahWj dhTp ?ah d]p D° K]h^° 7 ]h]jBWj d5 ]h ‡I„Sh KWD ^ŽSp GNSj eSj ]h^° dSX5T k 5 7Š S a k ik Wi S D k¿ k Z 8 Dsbjd D5: de°_j WesSj ?D dD½ dWh D_hZh h5 d5 _W `aah k5 DOŽW Dh e k5 ?D Zh k dSX5TWp ˆe„ k X 8Xah k 5 Dh e k5 ]h^° Zj Zh k SpWj 8Faj B`E dIah: ^e° ˆe„ k V½h5 [`Ž W ] Sp k 5 Ehd ]hW ^hEahWj K ^ eSj Z Zj Zh k SpWh iXSh 7eU 7_j EhDŽ h^h JXh]p_h k SDs 7Wp _pEs? Sp k 5 Dh de° k5 D^Ž UŽ k5 e k5 Dh^R D° Sp _pEsWp ˆe„ k Xˆ^[hch ahX^ŽWp Xe°_h5Tj Sq]h^ D^ahh5 8ap_ eSh WaiWiS ShˆD]h Z l` B`EWp NDhaaj ² RI
  • 330. W Z: dha½KiWD N 7iViW] y}x e°O` Xj^hRh k5 N D°N°F^Ž ( h5 W Vh] k5 esahWh Dh^Rp k5 D^dW DhDhWp UU `Ž 7ë^ ( h5 ‡ZWdh5 Uhi]D d5 ThBWp W Vahh5 8ap Jp ?N_h hN° 7iV mS ^ŽSp dSX5TWj ˆ ]hB IsEj Šk _ 7Wp IsEj ˆe„ k ˆ ]h Jp ? W DeŽ bDah k5 SpWp Dh^R `Ž F 5k Z y{x€y€Wh D^dW DhDh dhp UhE_ T]p_h ?D DsN½ D°dh5 KahZ 8XSh D^dW DhDh? ^ l8S D^Ž eSj D° Xj^hRhh5 l D^ah e° k [FahWWh j]hj liS
  • 331. ‡I WTj _FhPahh5 8 ]h ‡I s Jp Sp Y S d aN hN°K Jp Z ˆe„ k BWh VhiD 7Wp l ] v ‡I eWs ZpaPs S_Z DhQŽWp dSX5Tj k SDsh5 ?aj ^ŽSp JhXahh5 8 k5 D° ˆe„ k Wh v Wp KRpTj PhZj Zh k ah5Ip Ss 7^Zj b Ush5 7_j a5Ih] k as _h:P W5 k5 Ys k 5 Z ShˆD]hWh id h5Ss hRp ZU_hB Y S Zh eSh dhIj B`E ðh^° XR ZU_ahh5 8aj WesSj Z ^RWjiS Z k d^` eSj ShˆD]h ahX^ŽWp ?aj Xˆ^Š TiS iWh½R D^aj D° h5 K]h^° Ks:? ]h^° dSX5TWp ˆe„ k V½ dhTp KsPŽ bDh] 7Wp K ^ KRh] ]h^° 9 _hWs [hF XR ZShaj bDh] dhˆe ]s 7Wp ˆ ]hBWs ZpaPs 7T½ 8Xj as K ^ XP° Spas 7T½ ;[s D^Ž ˆe„ k D° Šk _ V½ dhTp KsPŽ bDh] Page 136 of
  • 332. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ˆe„ k VhiD WpShBWj liDh Z W ShˆD]hWj UUTj ac½ h5 dq ]U 7eU 7_j EhDŽ 9 _hj Vh^RhBWp apˆUD S as dhTp KsPahh5 ?N_h dY` ^ h D° ˆe„ k ehd[h? dSX5TWp b5Dh k S e°^ D^ŽWp apˆUD V½ e°^ D] Z yx Tj zxxx a IpWh Uh]Dhh5 dSX5TjB h^h ShˆD]h ahX^ŽWp dh k d5p_Ws XR 8]s S D^ahh5 8 ]h 7Wp Sph5 SpWp eU bp dY`Sh XR `Ž Z ]h^ XJŽ 7iaI_Uhd eh^hK ah 7 D ˆe„ k VhiD WpShB? Xj^hRh dSX5TWp ?D ˆe„ k X5T S^ŽD° k e°^ D] Z XR ˆe„ k WpShB? De°ahSh hR X s 7 D b^Ss Wp 8VjW 8 ]h eSh Sp b^Ss eSj D° Xj^hRhWh k d5Ih_Ds? X5TWp ˆe„ k V½ S^Y ah`as 7Wp dSX5TWp 9 _h S^Y KSh5 7NDhaas Z XR ˆe„ k VhiD WpShBWp Xj^hRh h^h ShˆD]hWh TSh ]sFWj R W esahWj l^° l^Ž d5[haWh U° Eh] Jp ah Sah5 ˆe„ k WpShB ShˆD]hWh ibDh^ T]h Jp ? k5 Is k5 U° Eh: 8ap Jp Z 8Wh Dh^Rp DhDhWs Z p Xës dhTp dh^s d5ZV K`ah: ^ s ˆe„ k B SpWh DhWp Xd5U D^ah5 _h ]h 5 7Wp SpWp dhT 8Xah _h ]h ]h^° Zj Zh k dq ]U k _hWsWp EZ^ eSj D° DhDh ShˆD]hWs ]sF D^Ž ^ h Jp ?N_p eh_Wj Xˆ^Š TiS TsPh ˆUad hN°K Jp K]h^° ˆe„ k B k5 UZhR B 5 T: Kbp ]h^° SpB XhJh 9 _hj l` S^Y a`Ž Kbp 7[hDDXh dhKWj ;Uh^Sh 7Wp SpWj dhTp UFs W 7[hDDXh dhKWh dU ]sWj _hFRjWs k [ha Page 137 of
  • 333. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 7[hDDXh dhK dhTp UFs 7[hDDXh dhKWj ;Uh^Sh W Z Wh Uh]DhWh S Vjh5 _F[F d5 lR½ DDXh ìhiS ˆe„ k V½ 7XWhaj k k DŽ eSj Z ZhDŽWh ZIj F]p_h k K dSX5TjBWp ˆe„ k V½h5 [`haah hN° 7[hDDXh dh ;Uh^ WjiS 7XWhajWp SpWp ˆU_Tj 8aDh]h½ dhKWh 7 ] _sDsWh d5XD½ h5 8ajWp K_UŽTj XsShWs dSX5T V½ JsPŽ U° 7Wp XsShWh [h:B XsShTj 7_F W T: ] Spaj I [haWh ^hEjWp dSX5TjBWp dhKWh Dh]½ sh5 [hF _pahWj N 8Xahh5 8aj Z l [h½ ]ab 7[hDDXh dhKWh WpShBWp ShˆD]hWj Ds: RDh^Ž WesSj ?Wh Dh^Rp dSX5TjB ShˆD]h Xh`p Jp Sp ahSTj SpB d5 lR½ ^ŽSp Vh^hh5 ^ h Zh ˆe„ k U° EhaWh Dh^Rp SpB Jp S^h: F]h dSX5TjB Y°^ Yh^ D^ŽWp ˆe„ k V½h5 [`ahWs ] W D^Ž ^ h Jp ? d Wp SpB iWi ƒS T9 F]h Z dhKWh dhVh^R d ]Wp XR 8 K _hF k5 e k5 dSX5TjB ˆe„ k V½ 7XWhaahWh dhIh k5 ^ Sh X^ Ih_j ^ h Jp 7Wp K_UŽTj ˆe„ k ZWj Kbp ? d ^ h eSh Ds:? dSX5TjB X^ b5Dh W D^Ž 7[hDDXh dhK dhTp UFs dhh D d5ZVs Y^Ž Th ]h 5 W Z K]h^° dWhShWjBWj D° ˆe„ k BWj Waj dhK ^Ih: ]h^° dSX5TjB dhTp UŽD^ŽWj _paP U° aP dˆeSWh ZVh dhh D d5ZVs DhXahh5 8 ]h eSh Sp d5ZVs Y^ŽTj Ih k D^Ž 5 5 U° ahh5 8 ]h Z Wh Uh]DhWh Sh5 ^eŽ F]p_h dSX5TjBWp dhKh5 [`haahWh e° k Tj 7[hDDXh dhKWh _sDs? ;Uh^ WjiS 7XWhajWp DXh]p_h dhh D d5ZVs Y^ŽTj 5 KsPÈh Z 7[hDDXh dhKWj ;Uh^ WjiSWh Dh^Rp dSX5TjB X^ dhK ia hd k Dah _hFj Z dSX5TjBWp XR dhKWs ?D [hF FRahh5 8aah _h ]h Zj ˆe„ k d ]sWh N k5 SpWp XR hW d hW `ah _h k5 Page 138 of
  • 334. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 7[hDDXh dhK dhTp UFs dhK ;X^ X^së iW]5 R W k Z XR dSX5TjB? I ^h:Tj ?D ^RWjiS ZWhaj 7Wp SpWh hRp Vj^° Vj^° 7[hDDXh dhKWj dhK d5 ThBh5 XF Xpd^s D^Sh F]h K_UŽTj D° j] dhK 7Wp Fh S^Wj dhKsh5 XR ; I es hB [sFaah _h ]h Z cP]5 ?N k5 k 5 e k5 D° dhKWh dWhSWj WpShBWj ShDhS 7Wp DKs^ŽWj W V _pahSj Z dWhSWj WpShBWj DKs^ŽWs Yh]Us _:Wp SpWh E^hZ d]h5 SpWp UU D^ŽWp SpWp XsShWh b]h5 _: _pahh5 8aSh Z SpWj b]h5 8ap_h dWhSWj WpSsB SpWs ia^sV Wˆe D^Ž bD° ? RjWp dSX5TjB Xˆ^Š TiSWs Yh]Us _pah _h ]h 7[hDDXh dhKWp WZ`Ž D^Ž U° ahWs SpWs Xs Dh]½ Is^Ž XjTj 8F` aVh^ah _h ]h Z Xˆ^Š TiS ?N_j E^hZ T: F: eSj D° dhK 7Wp dhKWh WpShB dWhSWj WpShB X^së ^ŽSp dSX5TjBWh iW]5 Rh5 8aj F]h 7[hDDXh dhK dhTp UFs k I ^h: [] Ih^ W Z 7[hDDXhdhK ;X^ iW]5 R V^haSh dSX5Tj WpShB epbh Xj^hRh dSX5T 7Wp SpWj d5 ThB dhTp aYhUh^ ^ h Z 7[hDDXhdhK WZ`Ž TSj F: XR Zj Zh k dSX5TjB? Xj^hRh dSX5TWj d5 ThBh5 VhiD 7Wp dh‰KD FiS D^Sh F]h K]h^° Zj Zh k 7[hDDXhh5 k ZpO°_h SpWh hRds? dWhShWjBWj FiS 7NDhaahWh l^° ^h ]hds D^Sh ^ h Z dhK k 5 iW]5 R p` ]h ZhU SpB? dhK 7Wp V½ k Uh esahWs Was id h5S ;[s D^ah5 _h ]h dhKh5 U^° D ]Š SWp Ds: XR V½ Xh`ahWj N Jp Spaj ahSs D^ah5 _h ]h Z 8 id h5SWh UUTj dhKh5 Ds:Wp XR VhiD k hB ;XhPah WesSh U° ahh5 8aSh dSX5TjBWp Ks: k5 e k5 Sp `ah _h k5 8 D^ahTj dWhShWjBWj XhdpTj SpWj VhiD Ih^s ‡I„ShB 7Wp ahSs ^ k D^ahWs 5I XR JŽWaj _jVs Page 139 of
  • 335. - v1------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ 7[hDDXh dhK dhTp UFs k I ^h: [] Ih^ W Z ^RWjiS Z k 5 d^` eSj dhKh5 Ds: XR ]Š SWp Ds: XR V½ Xh`ahWj N Jp ?aj ahS I_hajWp dhKh5 V½ hN° l ] 7aDhb [s D^Ž U° as Z Dh^RD° dWhShWjB Xhdp 8K Vj V½ k 5 k ] ThW W e k5 _sDs VhiD k k hB X^ k : ] 7Wp Ds: XR VhiD aheh5 [`Ž ] Spaj ^ŽSp DKs^ ZWj ] Z K]h^° dhKh5 8 DKs^Ž aVj ] ]h^° dSX5T V½Wp _sDs dhp k DŽWp SpWp dSX5TWh aheh5 [`Sh D^Ž U° ah 7[hDDXh dhK dhTp UFs Ih^Wj 7d^ W Z I ^h:Tj ZWhap_ ^RWjiS 7Wp sXF5Ph Dh D^Ž F k5 dWhSWjBWh ˆeSWj ahS D^ah k ah`hB UZhah5 8aSh F]h dhK 7Wp V½ k Uh Jp ?aj ahSs DeŽWp GRj aES dWhShWjBWp dhKh5 Zs_ah XR W U° ah k5 Z dWhShWjB Xhdp XsShWj ahS ^ k D^ah hN° Ds: 5I W ^e°ahWh Dh^Rp SpBWh Wh5 sV ZpIqWj 7Wp Wh^hKFj ;D`ah _hFj Z Zj Zh k dSX5TjB Xhdp XsShWh VhiD ; p bsWp Xh^ XhPah hN° SpWj d5 ThB Sq]h^ eSj SpWj UUTj XsShWh VhiD Dhs ^h D^Sh ^ h VhiD k h X^ dWhShWjB k _F[F pëD S^ŽD° ^eŽ F]h Z _sDs dWhShWjBWh ˆeS k 5 Dh D^Sh Sp k 5 WsZ` SsPah hN° SpWh dhp EsNŽ Xs_jd Yˆ^]hUs 7Wp EsNh DsN½ D°ds UhE_ D^ahh5 8aSh Page 140 of
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