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Satish prasad_presentation on hybrid cars

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    EMAIL: satish09abs@gmail.com
    SLIDESHARE ID: satmd410
  • 3. Introduction
    Hybrid cars use a vision system to detect
    other vehicles, respond to traffic signals,
    And avoid pedestrians and obstacles.
    This also includes information on road and weather conditions, route directions, vehicle diagnostics,
    anti-collision warnings, the
    driver's physiological status, etc.
  • 4. What are the features of hybrid cars ?
    They can see, hear, feel, smell, talk and act.
    They can eliminate most car accidents.
    They can alert the police and
    provide precise location if stolen.
    They can monitor one’s driving
    and the driving condition nearby.
    They can alert the driver who
    feels drowsy.
    They can locate your car precisely
    and warn of traffic jams.
  • 5. Technologies related to Hybrid cars
    Technologies related to Hybridcars and modern technologies to improve safety. These technologies are broken down into four broad, distinct classifications of devices:-
    • Collision avoidance
    • 6. adaptive cruise control
    • 7. Imaging
    • 8. Navigational aids
  • Collision Avoidance
    Various systems combines an eye tracker, which checks where the driver is looking, and differential global positioning system, which is designed to allow the system to keep track of its location both on the planet and in relation to other similarly equipped vehicles.
  • 9. Adaptive Cruise Control
    Adaptive cruise control is a new concept that is being explored by many automakers and researchers for the Intelligent Vehicles Initiative. These systems seek to allow a car to not only maintain its speed, like traditional cruise control, but also its distance from cars in front of it. A perfect example is the system being developed for the Jaguar line of cars. To use it, the driver simply enters a speed and a distance (in seconds) to keep between themselves and the car in front of them.
  • 10. A competing adaptive cruise control concept, called the Platoon system, is also being developed by the University of California. Two kinds of sensors were responsible for keeping the vehicles bearings- 9 sensors monitored speed and engine performance, while actuators controlled the throttle and brakes. An antenna mounted on each car allowed it to communicate with the front few vehicles.
  • 11. Imaging Technology
    Another area of study is how to enhance the vision of humans in situations where they may not be able to see very clearly. Few companies are testing a concept similar to that used in Night Vision Goggles, where sensors process differences between roadside temperatures and those of objects ahead. The sensors send this information to a central computer, which converts the information and uses it to put together images of the surrounding roadside that are updated several times a second; this processed composite image then shows up on a screen built into the dashboard.
  • 12. Navigational Aids
    It will be integrated within a communicating navigation unit that automatically tracks the actual location of the car and can reveal it if necessary. So far, such systems have been used to track stolen cars and calculate traffic flows. The latter option is still rather unpopular. From the driver's point of view, a communicating navigation system is convenient because it dynamically chooses the best route by tracking the actual location of the car.
  • 13. In other words, instead of theoretically suggesting the best way from point A to point B, the system constantly gets information about road conditions and traffic jams and uses it to suggest the most practical way from the car's current position to its destination. With the help of Internet-based services, the navigation system can also tell the driver about free parking lots or the cheapest nearby gas station. And for safety reasons, such systems will announce this information through speakers instead of showing it on a display.
  • 14. Multifunctional Smart Card Car Keys
    The idea that a personal smart card
    could replace your car keys is not
    futuristic. Mercedes CL owners can
    already open their car with a contact
    less smart card developed by Siemens.
    The motor starts after pushing a little
    ignition button, but only if the card is
    inside the vehicle. Without it, no hairpin or fake key can help a thief start the car. The system also prevents drivers from locking the car with the card inside, making it impossible to lock oneself out.
  • 15. What does the card do!
    The card you punched carries your SSN , so it acts as your
  • Other Features Involved In “DIGITAL” Cars
    Hybridcars use a vision system to detect other vehicles, respond to traffic signals, and avoid pedestrians and obstacles. Researchers at DaimlerChrysler Research (Ulm, Germany) have built a smart-vehicle-theory demonstrator called the Urban Traffic Assistant (UTA). The DaimlerChrysler research team has demonstrated that by using a multitude of algorithms it can maintain separation from the vehicle ahead, see and respond to traffic signals, and avoid pedestrians and obstacles while moving through urban traffic situations at normal driving speeds under the supervision of a human driver.
  • 21. Hands Off Communication
  • 22. New Safety Features
    Special scanners helps to locate the position of passengers and their heads (using rather rough biometric patterns) and optimize the use of airbags. The lifesavers go off only if it is really necessary, because the new mechanism recognizes when passengers are at risk of a collision. Unnecessary, expensive airbag activation is avoided without reducing passenger safety. Other sensors check tire pressure or the distance to the next car and warn the driver or react with a slight automatic reduction of speed. Such intelligent safety features can reduce the number of accidents and injuries.
  • 23. Hardware Architecture:-
    A pair of video cameras serves as the eyes for the vehicle. The cameras are mounted on a horizontal bar near the rear-view mirror. The horizontal scan lines of both cameras must be tightly aligned and strictly parallel to the line joining their optical axes.
    The UTA uses an Imaging Technology Inc. IMPCI frame grabber and a commercial monitor with 1024 x 786-pixel resolution.
  • 24. Information from a car may be provided through data servers, which are in turn connected to a centralized computer which gets all the information about the vehicle. By using this kind of loop, any urgent information or direction can be provided to the vehicle using wireless, and a tragedy can be avoided.
  • 25. Adaptive headlights:-
    The headlights monitor the
    car’s road speed and steering
    wheel movements and adjust
    Night vision:-
    Volvo proposes using infrared
    night vision in the SSC
    Collision warning sensors:-
    If the distance to the car in
    front is too short, or the gap
    is closing too fast, the SSC’s
    driver is alerted via a red
    warning light
  • 26. Challenges
    So many people don’t convert their conceptions to accept Hybrid cars.
    The traffic problems may became more and more serious, such as occupation of lanes.
    In-vehicle systems throw people back on high-tech.
    Because of the challenges of combining intelligent highways with the existing highway system, fully automated vehicle operation is still some years away.
  • 27. Future Evolution Of Hybrid Cars
    • Capabilities of Individual In-Vehicle
    Systems Will Improve
    • Driver-Vehicle Interface Will Become
    Increasingly Sophisticated
    • Intelligent Vehicles Will Communicate With
    Other Vehicles and With a Smart Infrastructure
  • 28. Artificial Intelligence
    Hybridcar is a kind of artificial intelligence. Nowadays, it has applied in every aspect.
    Human beings work with assistance of robot to save
    We can also make use of artificial intelligence to provide entertainment and allow the car's occupants to conduct business and monitor activities at home and in the office.
  • 29. What do I drive?
  • 30. Thank U