Child labour and India


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Child labour and India

  2. 2. Children….     Infants and children : they are innocent, devoid of any negative feeling, free-minded, happy and unaware little beings who house a big house of innovation and ideas. They need care, love and emotion to grow to their fullest and be a self-sufficient, aware and productive young citizen. They are the future of any country or state. Their education, physical and psychological health determines the country’s future development.
  3. 3. But…..     Today around the world and in India, the poor children suffer numerous issues. They are unable to access their basic right to education, and a burden free life. The fact that they are unaware of most issues is taken into advantage by grown up individuals for their own profit. They are physically harassed, made to work for less payment, beaten just because others are frustrated and their carefree childhood and mental peace is disturbed.
  4. 4. Why?     Poor parents unable to meet their daily necessities donot send them school. The little elder ones are sent to work and earn for the family. The girls are made to stay at home to care for their younger siblings, cook and do daily chores while their parents are out to work. Children, especially girls, are kidnapped and made to work in sexual firms.
  5. 5. A peep into reality!!!!    As per census 2001, population of children (014 yrs) is about 360 million, and 35.3 percent of total population. “The international labour organization estimates that 215 million children (between ages 5 to 17) currently work under conditions that are hazardous, illegal, or extremely exploitive.” In India there was about 12.26 million working children in age group 5-14 yrs as compared to 11.3 million in 1991. (census 2001).
  6. 6. Continued…   40% labour in stone cutting industry in India are children. 90% of working children are concentrated in rural areas.
  7. 7. Where in India?    Uttar Pradesh accounts for about 15.2 percent of all child workforces in India(Census 2001) whereas it was just 13% in 1991. Andhra Pradesh 10.8%, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar respectively 10,8.8 and 8 percent of India’s child employment. Out of 12.14 million child labourers, 9.07 were in rural areas. (2004-05 NSSO)
  8. 8. Who?    2004-05 NSSO data reveals, about 3% of children belonging to scheduled castes are engaged in some form of employment whereas about 2% of the “others” castes are involved. 6.5% of children in age group 10-14 were engaged in gainful employment as against over 4.5% of Hindu Children. About 50% of all the child workers are found in families where the head is illiterate.
  9. 9. Sectors involved..     Agriculture and allied activities account for about two-thirds of child employment. Manufacturing sector accounts for 16.55 percent of child employment. Trade, Hotels and restaurant account for 8.45% of total child labour workforce. Empirical studies reveal most children are involved in informal sectors of the economy on a casual basis with low wages and long hours of work.
  10. 10. Proposed scopes of improvement:    Regular camps in the areas inhabitated by daily wage labourers to educate children and generate awareness. Running evening schools in areas inhabitated by migrant workers so that even after work children can learn Monetary rewards for families below a certain minimum income level where a child is enrolled in Secondary schools.
  11. 11. Proposed scopes of improvement:    Providing solar lamps to families where children read in secondary school and above. As many drop-out from school due to lack of amenities to study. Law against employers employing children below 14 years to be made stricter. Law should be made so that it is compulsory for every child below 18 years employed in any sector to complete minimum secondary school, else the employers are to be penalised.
  12. 12. Proposed scopes of improvement:     More actions are to be taken to eradicate poverty. Examples include: educate women in poor families to make crafts, potteries, weaving etc so that they can earn to support their family. Labour laws should be made to set a bar for wages of daily labourers in various sectors. Current laws on child labourers, education of children are to be implemented in a better way.
  13. 13. Proposed scopes of improvement:    Upliftment of various castes and minority religious groups are to be focused by Govt. More NGOs are to be encouraged to work for educating adults in this group and to make them aware camps are to be held. Industrial towns are to be made primary focus for helding training camps and educating the workers to send their child to study beyond primary school.
  14. 14. Thank You..