Good, efficient housingmakes managementeasier and helps thefarmer to successfullyrear 85 % or more of allthe live born piglets tomarket weight in theshortest possible time
Pigs at different stages
of growth need
The Boar pen
This pen is for boars only. But
in the time of breeding you
will bring the sows inside the
pen. This pen should be 9 to 10
㎡ with short side at least 2m
wide , for the boar to be easily
move with it.
The floor of the pen should be
cemented. It should also be
slope so you can easily clean
the pen. The walls of the pen
must be in solid concrete
while the gates are made of
solid iron pipes with 20mm
diameter and space vertically
7.5 mm. The height of it
should be 1 400 mm.
For the sleeping area of the boar,
it should be one-third of the pen
that must be covered by a grass
straw or saw dust. For the feed
through, it must be placed on the
sleeping area but not filled with
the grass straws. It should be 450
mm long, 150 mm high and 500
Cool, clean water must be
available at all times on the
sides of the gates. The pig will
dung in this area , so you'll need
a small water through with a
ball valve to control the level of
the water or you can use a pig-
Make sure that the boar pen
is well ventilated and
draught free. It is important
that the temperature does
not rise higher than 22 °C for
long periods. If the
temperature rises above 32
°C the boar may become
infertile for up to six weeks.
On very hot days boars can
be kept cool by sprinkling
them with water.
Gilts/dry sows pen
This pen should be near the pen
of the boar. Do not keep 5 gilts or
sows in one pen. Gilts and Sowsshould be kept in a pen that'sseperate.
An area of 5 ㎡ is
required for each
pig. so if you have
5 pigs you'll need
to have an area of
25 ㎡ .
The construction and
from the size) of the
sow/gilt pen are the
same as that of the boar
Individual feeding is
important so that each pig
will recieve the correct
quantity of feed. Enough
through space with
divisions is therfore
For the breeding of the dry sows:
Nineteen days the sows will be brought to
the boar so that they can serve them.
After that they were again brought for 5-
7 consecutive days to know of they are
pregnant. If the sows are confirmed to be
pregnant, they will now be brought to
the Farrowing pen.
Most important pen on a farm. It has
to be designed in such a way that the
right temperature is provided for the
sow and her piglets during the first
seven to 10 days after birth, while
trampling and overlying is prevented
as far as possible.
It is advisable to build a farrowing house with
5 farrowing crate. A five-pen house should be
13.25 m long, and a six-pen house 15.5 m. The
width in both cases should be 4 m. Each pen
will be 2 x 2.25 m with a 1 m wide feed passage
on the northern side of the pens and a 1 m
wide dung passage on the southern side. The
entrance must be on the short side of the
building with a 1 m space between the outside
wall and the first pen.
A creep area must be provided for
the piglets. A stool or wooden box
600mm x 600mm can be placed next
to the feed trough and the feed
passage wall. The creep is
important because it helps to reduce
deaths as a result of crushing. It
also provides a draught-free area
where the piglets heat one another.
In this way the creep area provides
the required temperature of 27 to
32 °C for piglets during the first 10
days of life.
The farrowing house must have
windows on both sides (on the
long wall sides) to ventilate and
cool the house. The temperature
where the sow is kept (in the
farrowing crate) should
preferably not be higher than
about 21 °C.
A weaner house with 20 pens
must be built. Each pen must
be large that in can hold 10-12
pigs. The building must be 40
m long ang 9 m wide.
Each pen in the house
must be 12 m2 or 4 x 3
m with 1 m high
concrete walls, and two
1 m wide dung passages
along the north and
south walls of the
building with a feeding
passage, 1 m wide in the
middle between the two
rows of pens
shade structures provide
excessive heat or cold.
The capital required
to start outdoor pig
farming is therefore
20 to 30 % less than
the amount of money
required for an
•Level of the
If you want to keep
piglets healthy and
alive, keep them warm,
and if you want the
sows to have enough
milk for the piglets,
keep them cool.
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