Housing for pigs


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Housing for pigs

  2. 2. Good, efficient housingmakes managementeasier and helps thefarmer to successfullyrear 85 % or more of allthe live born piglets tomarket weight in theshortest possible time
  3. 3. Pigs at different stages of growth need different environments (temperatures).
  4. 4. The Boar pen This pen is for boars only. But in the time of breeding you will bring the sows inside the pen. This pen should be 9 to 10 ㎡ with short side at least 2m wide , for the boar to be easily move with it.
  5. 5. The floor of the pen should be cemented. It should also be slope so you can easily clean the pen. The walls of the pen must be in solid concrete while the gates are made of solid iron pipes with 20mm diameter and space vertically 7.5 mm. The height of it should be 1 400 mm.
  6. 6. For the sleeping area of the boar, it should be one-third of the pen that must be covered by a grass straw or saw dust. For the feed through, it must be placed on the sleeping area but not filled with the grass straws. It should be 450 mm long, 150 mm high and 500 mm wide.
  7. 7. . Cool, clean water must be available at all times on the sides of the gates. The pig will dung in this area , so you'll need a small water through with a ball valve to control the level of the water or you can use a pig- drinking nipple.
  8. 8. Make sure that the boar pen is well ventilated and draught free. It is important that the temperature does not rise higher than 22 °C for long periods. If the temperature rises above 32 °C the boar may become infertile for up to six weeks. On very hot days boars can be kept cool by sprinkling them with water.
  9. 9. Gilts/dry sows pen This pen should be near the pen of the boar. Do not keep 5 gilts or sows in one pen. Gilts and Sowsshould be kept in a pen that'sseperate.
  10. 10. An area of 5 ㎡ is required for each pig. so if you have 5 pigs you'll need to have an area of 25 ㎡ .
  11. 11. The construction and specifications (apart from the size) of the sow/gilt pen are the same as that of the boar pen.
  12. 12. Individual feeding is important so that each pig will recieve the correct quantity of feed. Enough through space with divisions is therfore necessary.
  13. 13. For the breeding of the dry sows: Nineteen days the sows will be brought to the boar so that they can serve them. After that they were again brought for 5- 7 consecutive days to know of they are pregnant. If the sows are confirmed to be pregnant, they will now be brought to the Farrowing pen. FUN FACT
  14. 14. farrowing pen Most important pen on a farm. It has to be designed in such a way that the right temperature is provided for the sow and her piglets during the first seven to 10 days after birth, while trampling and overlying is prevented as far as possible.
  15. 15. It is advisable to build a farrowing house with 5 farrowing crate. A five-pen house should be 13.25 m long, and a six-pen house 15.5 m. The width in both cases should be 4 m. Each pen will be 2 x 2.25 m with a 1 m wide feed passage on the northern side of the pens and a 1 m wide dung passage on the southern side. The entrance must be on the short side of the building with a 1 m space between the outside wall and the first pen.
  16. 16. A creep area must be provided for the piglets. A stool or wooden box 600mm x 600mm can be placed next to the feed trough and the feed passage wall. The creep is important because it helps to reduce deaths as a result of crushing. It also provides a draught-free area where the piglets heat one another. In this way the creep area provides the required temperature of 27 to 32 °C for piglets during the first 10 days of life.
  17. 17. The farrowing house must have windows on both sides (on the long wall sides) to ventilate and cool the house. The temperature where the sow is kept (in the farrowing crate) should preferably not be higher than about 21 °C.
  18. 18. WEANER/FINISHING HOUSE A weaner house with 20 pens must be built. Each pen must be large that in can hold 10-12 pigs. The building must be 40 m long ang 9 m wide.
  19. 19. Each pen in the house must be 12 m2 or 4 x 3 m with 1 m high concrete walls, and two 1 m wide dung passages along the north and south walls of the building with a feeding passage, 1 m wide in the middle between the two rows of pens
  20. 20. Outdoor Housing Pigs can also be kept outside in cam ps w here shade structures provide the necessary protection against w ind, rain and excessive heat or cold.
  21. 21. The capital required to start outdoor pig farming is therefore 20 to 30 % less than the amount of money required for an indoor unit.
  22. 22. REQUIREMENTS: •Temperature •Rainfall •Soil Type •Level of the ground •Services
  23. 23. If you want to keep piglets healthy and alive, keep them warm, and if you want the sows to have enough milk for the piglets, keep them cool. :D